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  • Bipolar Symptoms | bpHope - bp Magazine Community
    Blog Most Recent Posts Meet Our Bloggers Comment Policy Forum Log In Forum Home Topics Discussions Partners Page Members Forum Rules Community Blog Forum Associations Letter to the Editor SOUNDOFF Talk to bp Writers Magazine Current Issue Archived Issues Customer Service Print Digital Subscription Buy Past Issues Frequently Asked Questions Digital Subscriber Access Page Subscribe Home Symptoms Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder Here are the classical clinical symptoms of bipolar disorder as listed in the DSM IV the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Criteria for a Depressed Episode Five or more of the following symptoms must be present during the same two week period and represent a change from previous functioning Depressed mood most of the day nearly every day In children and adolescents can be irritable mood Markedly diminished interest or pleasure in all or almost all activities most of the day Significant weight loss when not dieting or weight gain e g a change of more than 5 of body weight in a month or decrease or increase in appetite nearly every day In children consider failure to make expected weight gains Having trouble sleeping or sleeping too much Feelings of restlessness or fatigue Feelings of worthlessness or excessive or inappropriate guilt Diminished ability to think or concentrate or indecisiveness Recurrent thoughts of death recurrent suicidal ideation without a specific plan or a suicide attempt or a specific plan for committing suicide Criteria for a Manic Episode It must be a distinct period of abnormally and persistently elevated expansive or irritable mood lasting at least 1 week or any duration if hospitalization is necessary There must be three or more of the following symptoms four if the mood is only irritable present to a significant degree Inflated self esteem or grandiosity Decreased need for sleep More talkative than usual Flights of ideas or feels that thoughts are racing Distractibility Increase in goal directed activity either socially at work or school or sexually Excessive involvement in pleasurable activities that have a high potential for painful consequences e g engaging in unrestrained buying sprees sexual indiscretions or foolish business investments Criteria for Mixed Episode Meets the criteria for both a manic episode and a major depressive episode nearly every day during at least a 1 week period Criteria for Hypomanic Episode A distinct period of persistently elevated expansive or irritable mood lasting at least 4 days Three or more of the following symptoms must persist four if the mood is only irritable and have been present to a significant degree Inflated self esteem or grandiosity Decreased need for sleep e g feels rested after only 3 hours of sleep More talkative than usual or feels pressure to keep talking Flight of ideas or feels that thoughts are racing Distractibility Increase in goal directed activity either socially at work or school or sexually Excessive involvement in pleasurable activities that have a high potential for painful consequences e g engaging in unrestrained buying sprees sexual indiscretions or foolish business investments CURRENT

    Original URL path: http://www.bphope.com/bipolar-symptoms/ (2016-02-14)
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  • Types of Bipolar | bpHope - bp Magazine Community
    depressive disorder because people may not even recognize hypomania They ve got more energy than usual they re more creative than usual but they re not experiencing it as a problem clinical psychologist Eric Youngstrom PhD says And when he s asking about past history people will remember if they ve been hospitalized or gotten arrested but anything less severe than that doesn t seem as important once time has passed Cyclothymic Disorder This diagnosis indicates there ve been mood issues that haven t gotten all the way to a depression haven t gotten all the way to mania but they ve lasted a long time Youngstrom says Specifically periods of manic symptoms and periods of depressive symptoms occur frequently over the span of at least two years causing significant distress but never qualifying as a diagnosable mood episode Moreover the individual doesn t stay symptom free for more than two months at a time Other Specified Bipolar Formerly called Bipolar Disorder Not Otherwise Specified this is a kind of stopgap when symptoms don t clearly indicate one of the other bipolar diagnoses For example hypomanic periods recur without any depressive interludes or there are near hypomanic episodes that don t last four days or don t have the right number of symptoms DSM 5 gives more specifics on the various options for other specified and pushes for more documentation on why the person doesn t meet the full criteria for bipolar I or bipolar II Ellen Frank says It gives us more clinical information about how to treat about prognosis and so on Rapid cycling This is not actually a diagnostic category Rather it s a specifier that is added to the diagnosis to indicate that four or more separate mood episodes of any stripe occurred within a single year It s also a widely misunderstood term often used to describe symptoms that fluctuate by the day or even the hour Youngstrom prefers rapid relapsing or rapid episoding to indicate the pattern of distinct but recurring mood shifts What that tells us is that even if we get you back to where we want you we have to be on guard for relapse because this has jumped you already four different times in the past year he explains With psychotic features This specifier can be applied to either a manic or depressive episode to indicate a break with reality such as hallucinations seeing or hearing things which aren t there and delusions believing things that aren t true Hearing voices receiving special messages taking on a different identity often that of a religious or famous figure and being convinced of a special mission again often religious are common psychotic symptoms Paranoia and disordered thinking not making sense are other hallmarks of psychosis Catatonia paralysis of movement and speech can occur during severe depression With mixed features This new specifier takes the place of mixed episode and can be applied when depressive features are present during an episode of mania

    Original URL path: http://www.bphope.com/types-of-bipolar/ (2016-02-14)
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  • Mania | bpHope - bp Magazine Community
    Success Stories K i d s All Articles Diagnosis Family Stories Genetics Living Well Support Symptoms Treatment Blog Most Recent Posts Meet Our Bloggers Comment Policy Forum Log In Forum Home Topics Discussions Partners Page Members Forum Rules Community Blog Forum Associations Letter to the Editor SOUNDOFF Talk to bp Writers Magazine Current Issue Archived Issues Customer Service Print Digital Subscription Buy Past Issues Frequently Asked Questions Digital Subscriber Access Page Subscribe Home Mania Mania Manic episode Several elements must be present to diagnose a manic episode First there must be a distinct period during which there are marked changes in mood abnormally elevated on top of the world expansive flamboyant filters off or irritable and goal directed activity or energy level Next the uncharacteristic behavior or mood must last at least a week or require hospitalization Third there must be at least three other symptoms or four if the abnormal mood is irritability from the following checklist inflated self esteem or grandiosity decreased need for sleep for example feeling rested after just a few hours sleep more talkative or sociable than usual or pressure to keep talking flight of ideas or the feeling that thoughts are racing easily distracted by unimportant or irrelevant things Increase in activity levels either goal directed such as taking on new projects or socializing more or a restless busyness plunging into reckless activities like buying sprees promiscuity or high risk business deals Furthermore symptoms must significantly affect the ability to manage at work or school pursue usual social activities or maintain relationships Hypomanic episode If manic symptoms last at least four days but less than a week the episode is deemed hypomanic Symptoms don t interfere too much with work relationships and usual pursuits in fact hypomania often brings a sense of feeling energized and able to accomplish more but changes in sleep and behavior mark a distinct departure from the norm and are noticeable to others Judgment may be shaky Hypomania is often a border state leading into or out of mania and sometimes alternates with depression For some people hypomania can induce irritability and agitation dysphoria rather than a productive high euphoria Major depressive episode Diagnosis relies on five or more symptoms co occurring nearly every day for most of the day during a two week period One of the symptoms has to be either low mood feeling sad or empty crying frequently or significant loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities Other possible symptoms include weight gain or weight loss when not dieting or an increase or decrease in appetite inability to sleep or sleeping too much observable restlessness or moving uncharacteristically slowly fatigue or loss of energy feelings of worthlessness excessive guilt or inappropriate guilt diminished ability to think concentrate or make decisions recurring thoughts of death or suicide In addition the symptoms must cause significant distress or impairment in everyday life CURRENT ISSUE Recent Issues October 1 2015 11 50 am Fall 2015 BIPOLAR DEPRESSION Letting the light

    Original URL path: http://www.bphope.com/mania/ (2016-02-14)
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  • Major Depression Disorder Symptoms | bpHope - bp Magazine Community
    Inspiration Motivation Religion Faith Spirituality Success Stories K i d s All Articles Diagnosis Family Stories Genetics Living Well Support Symptoms Treatment Blog Most Recent Posts Meet Our Bloggers Comment Policy Forum Log In Forum Home Topics Discussions Partners Page Members Forum Rules Community Blog Forum Associations Letter to the Editor SOUNDOFF Talk to bp Writers Magazine Current Issue Archived Issues Customer Service Print Digital Subscription Buy Past Issues Frequently Asked Questions Digital Subscriber Access Page Subscribe Home Depression Depression Major Depression Disorder Symptoms Feelings of hopelessness pessimism Feelings of guilt worthlessness helplessness Difficulty concentrating Loss of interest or pleasure in hobbies and activities that were once enjoyed Difficulty sleeping Overeating or loss of appetite Persistent aches or pains headaches cramps or digestive problems that do not ease even with treatment Thoughts of suicide suicide attempts Bipolar Disorder Depression Symptoms Feelings of hopelessness pessimism Feelings of guilt worthlessness helplessness Difficulty concentrating Loss of interest or pleasure in hobbies and activities that were once enjoyed May experience sleep disturbances or oversleeping Overeating or loss of appetite Persistent aches or pains headaches cramps or digestive problems that do not ease even with treatment More suicide attempts than with major depressive disorder A profound loss of energy Severe depression more likely to include psychotic symptoms Onset of depression occurs at a younger age More likely to have a co occurring mental illness such as obsessive compulsive disorder panic disorder or substance abuse More likely to have a family history of mania More episodes of depression than with unipolar depression Use of antidepressant without mood stabilizer may cause hypomania or mania Read more about Bipolar Depression in The Downside of Up CURRENT ISSUE Recent Issues October 1 2015 11 50 am Fall 2015 BIPOLAR DEPRESSION Letting the light in By Robin L Flanigan Strategies

    Original URL path: http://www.bphope.com/depression/ (2016-02-14)
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  • History of Bipolar | bpHope - bp Magazine Community
    Depressive Illness Falret even encouraged physicians to diversify medications used in the treatment of manic depressive illness in the hopes that one of them might one day discover an effective drug therapy Dr Angst and Sellaro note that concurrently in 1854 French neurologist and psychiatrist Jules Gabriel François Baillarger used the term folie à double forme to describe cyclic manic melancholic episodes Baillarger apparently also recognized a distinct difference between what we now know as bipolar and schizophrenia In their treatise the Swiss specialists detail more specifics about the face of an emerging illness particularly as it relates to mixed states They write The history of the concept of mixed states symptoms of mania and depression occurring simultaneously were probably already known at the beginning of the 19th century and named mixtures and middle forms A 1995 paper by French psychiatrist T Haugsten Historical Aspects of Bipolar Disorders in French Psychiatry also traces the term mixed states to J P Falret s son Jules Falret At the end of the 19th century in spite of the contributions of Falret Baillarger and German psychiatrist Karl Ludwig Kahlbaum among others most clinicians continued to consider mania and melancholia as distinct and chronic entities with a deteriorating course José Alberto Del Porto Paulista School of Medicine of the Federal University of São Paulo states in an October 2004 research paper published in Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria However the acceptance of this theory would not prevail forever Bipolar on its own German psychiatrist Emil Kraepelin 1856 1926 is one of the most recognizable names in the history of bipolar He is sometimes referred to as the founder of modern scientific psychiatry and psychopharmacology He believed mental illness had a biological origin and he grouped diseases based on classification of common patterns of symptoms rather than by simple similarity of major symptoms as those who preceded him had done This forward thinking specialist postulated that a specific brain or other biological pathology was at the root of each of the major psychiatric disorders Kraepelin felt that the classification system needed revising and so he did just that In the early 1900s after extremely detailed research he formulated the separate terms manic depression and dementia praecox the latter later named schizophrenia by Eugène Bleuler 1857 1940 Widespread use of the term manic depression prevailed until the early 1930s it was even used until the 1980s and 1990s Also during the early 1900s Sigmund Freud broke new ground when he used psychoanalysis with his manic depressive patients biology then took a back seat He implicated childhood trauma and unresolved developmental conflicts in bipolar disorder In the early 1950s German psychiatrist Karl Leonhard and colleagues initiated the classification system that led to the term bipolar differentiating between unipolar and bipolar depression Dr Gardenswartz notes that once there was a difference between bipolar and other disorders individuals suffering from mental illnesses were better understood and in turn along with the progress in psychopharmacology were able to receive better treatment

    Original URL path: http://www.bphope.com/history-of-bipolar/ (2016-02-14)
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  • Research | bpHope - bp Magazine Community
    planning Newswise Plenty of well intentioned exercisers select Read more Immune cells linked to bipolar symptoms By bp Magazine January 11 2016 8 29 am December 16 2015 Swedish researchers have identified a gene variant linked to psychotic symptoms and cognitive impairment in people with bipolar disorder The link to cognitive Read more Fearful Chickens and Worried Mice Shared Genetic Influences on Anxiety By bp Magazine January 7 2016 11 06 am Genes linked to anxiety in chickens may play a role in mouse and human behavior Newswise Chickens that chicken out in unfamiliar surroundings Read more Helping Others Dampens the Effects of Everyday Stress By bp Magazine January 5 2016 9 30 am Newswise Dec 14 2015 Providing help to friends acquaintances and even strangers can mitigate the impact of daily stressors on our emotions and our Read more International Team of Scientists Detect Inherited Traits Tied to Sleep Wake and Activity Cycles Associated with Severe Bipolar Disorder By bp Magazine December 29 2015 1 26 pm Newswise DALLAS December 28 2015 In the first study of its kind a team of international scientists led by UT Southwestern Medical Center Read more Turning New Year s Resolutions Into Reality By bp Magazine December 23 2015 10 17 am Newswise Go ahead and make New Year s resolutions E J Masicampo assistant professor of psychology at Wake Forest University can help you keep them An Read more Are You Facebook Dependent By bp Magazine December 22 2015 1 09 pm New study findings reveal user trends Newswise Akron Ohio Dec 22 2015 What drives you to Facebook News Games Feedback on your Read more 1 2 18 19 NEXT CURRENT ISSUE Recent Issues October 1 2015 11 50 am Fall 2015 BIPOLAR DEPRESSION Letting the light in By Robin L Flanigan Strategies to dispel the darkness of bipolar depression starting with the good enough theory taking Read more August 3 2015 9 12 am Summer 2015 MARY LAMBERT SPREADING THE LOVE By Stephanie Stephens Singer songwriter Mary Lambert puts it all out there in her hit Secrets and she lives the Read more April 1 2015 11 37 am Spring 2015 TAME YOUR TRIGGERS By Robin L Flanigan From major life events to emotional patterns we all have stressors that are likely to spark Read more January 1 2015 5 36 am Winter 2015 OUR LEADING LADY CARRIE FISHER By Stephanie Stephens Carrie Fisher is returning as Princess Leia in a new Star Wars movie but she s always been Read more SoundOFF YOU YOUR PSYCHIATRIST The relationship between you and your psychiatrist can influence your recovery What qualities do you think are important in a psychiatrist In what ways has your doctor helped you the most Click here to reply CURRENT RESEARCH The Prechter Fund s Fight to Cure Bipolar Disorder 1 28 2016 Brain connectivity outweighs genetics 1 27 2016 Heinz C Prechter Bipolar Research Fund 1 25 2016 Looking for Motivation Enjoying the Task at Hand Will

    Original URL path: http://www.bphope.com/research/ (2016-02-14)
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  • Newsletter | bpHope - bp Magazine Community
    for many of us the darker months of the year usher Read more Hope Harmony Headlines Reset Your Eating Habits Bite By Bite By bp Magazine January 20 2016 2 05 pm Tackling Our Eating Habits GIGO Recognize the acronym It s an oldie but goodie and one worth reviving as you aim for a healthier you in the Read more Hope and Harmony Headlines bp Magazine New Winter 16 issue Anger Management By bp Magazine January 11 2016 8 36 am Anger management Take a deep breath and count to 10 That classic advice to keep from blowing your lid and other techniques you ll find in Read more New Year How To Make Behavioral Changes By bp Magazine January 5 2016 9 48 am A new you for the New Year If the brand new year makes you think about fresh starts remember this Willpower is overrated So says BJ Read more Hope Harmony Headlines New Year s Reflecting on the past and looking forward By bp Magazine December 23 2015 10 29 am A new way for New Year s Many of us abandon our New Year s resolutions within weeks There are key elements that make reaching your Read more Hope and Harmony Headlines Christmas Love Letter You Are Never Ever Alone By bp Magazine December 18 2015 11 22 am True Love Accepts and other encouraging words This is the night when God sent out a love letter of cosmic proportions Christmas is the Read more Hope and Harmony Headlines Get Moving Simple Tricks To Improve Your Mental Physical Health By bp Magazine December 15 2015 1 32 pm Add on exercising A recent study by Spanish researchers found that residents of Madrid who reported high levels of leisure time physical activity reduced their risk of Read more 1 2 4 5 NEXT CURRENT ISSUE Recent Issues October 1 2015 11 50 am Fall 2015 BIPOLAR DEPRESSION Letting the light in By Robin L Flanigan Strategies to dispel the darkness of bipolar depression starting with the good enough theory taking Read more August 3 2015 9 12 am Summer 2015 MARY LAMBERT SPREADING THE LOVE By Stephanie Stephens Singer songwriter Mary Lambert puts it all out there in her hit Secrets and she lives the Read more April 1 2015 11 37 am Spring 2015 TAME YOUR TRIGGERS By Robin L Flanigan From major life events to emotional patterns we all have stressors that are likely to spark Read more January 1 2015 5 36 am Winter 2015 OUR LEADING LADY CARRIE FISHER By Stephanie Stephens Carrie Fisher is returning as Princess Leia in a new Star Wars movie but she s always been Read more SoundOFF YOU YOUR PSYCHIATRIST The relationship between you and your psychiatrist can influence your recovery What qualities do you think are important in a psychiatrist In what ways has your doctor helped you the most Click here to reply CURRENT RESEARCH The Prechter Fund s Fight to Cure Bipolar

    Original URL path: http://www.bphope.com/hot-topics/ (2016-02-14)
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  • Books | bpHope - bp Magazine Community
    The Upside of Your Dark Side Why Being Your Whole Self Not Just Your Good Self Drives Success and Fulfillment By Todd Kashdan PhD and Robert Biswas Diener Dr Philos Hudson Street Press 2014 When two leaders in the field of positive psychology start talking about embracing negative emotions it s worth paying attention Kashdan s past research and writings have focused on positive emotions and sustaining happiness one of Biswas Diener s previous books was simply titled Happiness Now they re rounding out the story by arguing that feelings such as anger anxiety guilt and sadness have an acceptable place in a balanced life and actually can be productive That s good news for anyone who finds it hard to achieve blissful nirvana which is everyone So if we can t avoid anger can it be fuel for creativity Guilt could power improvement instead of paralysis Ditto for self doubt Kashdan and Biswas Diener entertainingly marshal scientific research and real life examples to show why and how it can be done That s not to say that fostering positive thinking should be overlooked as part of recovery Increasing our optimism and resilience can only be of benefit But so is accepting and exploiting our whole emotional selves without shame The Anger Management Workbook Use the STOP Method to Replace Destructive Responses with Constructive Behavior By W Robert Nay PhD Guilford 2014 Learn skills to help you use the STOP Method to replace destructive responses with constructive behavior The STOP Method stop think objectify and plan is based on learning to recognize signs of anger understand thought patterns involved learn more effective communication skills and find win win solutions for conflict resolution Bipolar Disorder A Guide for Patients and Families By Francis Mark Mondimore MD Johns Hopkins University Press 2014 Valuable reference by a psychiatrist who is director of the Mood Disorders Clinic at Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center is out in a new edition Peppered with real life examples it s informative but not overly technical Readers will get a comprehensive overview of symptoms and treatments and even some historical background The Mood Repair Toolkit Proven Strategies to Prevent the Blues from Turning into Depression By David A Clark PhD Guilford 2014 Worksheets quizzes and other exercises to help prevent the blues from turning into depression as the book s subtitle puts it Drawing on the principles of cognitive behavioral therapy the 80 strategies presented here aim to reduce negativity defuse self criticism and generally decrease your risk for a full bore depressive episode Wisdom from the Couch Knowing and Growing Yourself from the Inside Out By Jennifer Kunst PhD Central Recovery Press 2014 Leading psychoanalyst explains how exploring your unconscious mind and its influences on your actions can lead to lasting change The emphasis is on practical ways to apply psychoanalytic ideas to everyday concerns and the ultimate goal is a richer life or knowing and growing yourself from the inside out Rewire Change Your Brain to Break

    Original URL path: http://www.bphope.com/books/ (2016-02-14)
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