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  • Richard J. Daley | American politician and lawyer | Britannica.com
    Chicago from 1989 to 2011 Comments Share Email Print Cite Last Updated 5 7 2015 You may also be interested in Rahm Emanuel Richard M Daley Carol Moseley Braun Anton J Cermak Harold Washington Joseph Medill Al Raby Frank Lloyd Wright Louis Sullivan Al Capone Daniel H Burnham Sam Zell Keep exploring Structures of Government Fact or Fiction Famous People in History Famous American Faces Fact or Fiction 8 Influential Abolitionist Texts There s a Riot Goin On Riots in U S History Part Two What made you want to look up Richard J Daley To From Subject Comments Please limit to 900 characters Cancel FEATURED QUIZZES Vocabulary Quiz True or False Spell It See More Quizzes MORE QUIZZES Hatshepsut Author Showcase Fact or Fiction Early America See More Quizzes About Us About Our Ads Contact Us Privacy Policy Terms of Use 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Inc MLA style Richard J Daley Encyclopædia Britannica Encyclopædia Britannica Online Encyclopædia Britannica Inc 2016 Web 12 Feb 2016 http www britannica com biography Richard J Daley APA style Richard J Daley 2016 In Encyclopædia Britannica Retrieved from http www britannica com biography Richard J Daley Harvard style Richard J Daley 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Online Retrieved 12 February 2016 from http www britannica com biography Richard J Daley Chicago Manual of Style Encyclopædia Britannica Online s v Richard J Daley accessed February 12 2016 http www britannica com biography Richard J Daley While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules there may be some discrepancies Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions Update Link Click anywhere inside the article to add text or insert superscripts subscripts and special characters You can also highlight a section and use the tools in this bar to modify

    Original URL path: http://www.britannica.com/biography/Richard-J-Daley (2016-02-13)
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  • Malcolm X: Malcolm X and Martin Luther King, Jr., 1964 | Encyclopedia Britannica
    1964 Martin Luther King Jr centre and Malcolm X right 1964 Library of Congress Washington D C digital file no 3d01847u MEDIA FOR Martin Luther King Jr Citation MLA APA Harvard Chicago Email To From Comment You have successfully emailed

    Original URL path: http://www.britannica.com/biography/Martin-Luther-King-Jr/images-videos/Martin-Luther-King-Jr/110479 (2016-02-13)
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  • Illinois | history - geography - state, United States | Britannica.com
    statehood Economic and social maturation Progress and politics since 1900 Illinois constituent state of the United States of America It stretches southward 385 miles 620 km from the Wisconsin border in the north to Cairo in the south In addition to Wisconsin the state borders Lake Michigan to the northeast Indiana to the east Kentucky to the southeast Missouri to the west and Iowa to the northwest Illinois was named for the Illinois Indians The capital is Springfield in the west central part of the state Chicago Hisham F Ibrahim Getty Images Admitted as the 21st member of the union on Dec 3 1818 Illinois lies within both the so called old industrial belt and the fertile agricultural 100 of 6 947 words Quick Facts Images Videos 1 Excluding military abroad 2 Species not designated Capital Springfield Population 1 2010 12 830 632 2014 est 12 880 580 Total area sq mi 57 914 Total area sq km 149 996 Governor Bruce Rauner Republican State nickname Prairie State Land of Lincoln Date of admission Dec 3 1818 State motto State Sovereignty National Union State bird northern cardinal State flower 2 violet State song Illinois U S senators Dick Durbin Democrat

    Original URL path: http://www.britannica.com/place/Illinois-state (2016-02-13)
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  • social change | sociology | Britannica.com
    development of their discipline sociologists have borrowed models of social change from other academic fields In the late 19th century when evolution became the predominant model for understanding biological change ideas of social change took on an evolutionary cast and though other models have refined modern notions of social change evolution persists as an underlying principle Other sociological models created analogies between social change and the West s technological progress

    Original URL path: http://www.britannica.com/topic/social-change (2016-02-13)
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  • New York City | New York, United States | Britannica.com
    fearsome a place where turmoil arrogance incivility and cruelty tested the stamina of everyone who entered it The city was inhabited by strangers but they were as James Fenimore Cooper explained essentially national in interest position pursuits No one thinks of the place as belonging to a particular state but to the United States Once the capital of both its state and the country New York surpassed such status to become a world city in both commerce and outlook with the most famous skyline on earth It also became a target for international terrorism most notably the destruction in 2001 of the World Trade Center which for three decades had been the most prominent symbol of the city s global prowess However New York remains for its residents a conglomeration of local neighbourhoods that provide them with familiar cuisines languages and experiences A city of stark contrasts and deep contradictions New York is perhaps the most fitting representative of a diverse and powerful nation The landscape The city site New York City Metropolitan area Encyclopædia Britannica Inc Sections of the granite bedrock of New York date to about 100 million years ago but the topography of the present city is largely the product of the glacial recession that marked the end of the Wisconsin Glacial Stage about 10 000 years ago Great erratic boulders in Manhattan s Central Park deep kettle depressions in Brooklyn and Queens and the glacial moraine that remains in parts of the metropolitan area provide silent testimony to the enormous power of the ice Glacial retreat also carved out the waterways around the city The Hudson and East rivers Spuyten Duyvil Creek and Arthur Kill are in reality estuaries of the Atlantic Ocean and the Hudson is tidal as far north as Troy The approximately 600 miles 1 000 km of New York shoreline are locked in constant combat with the ocean as it erodes the land and adds new sediments elsewhere Although the harbour is constantly dredged ship channels are continually filled with river silt and are too shallow for more modern deep sea vessels South of the rockbound terrain of Manhattan stretches a sheltered deepwater anchorage offering easy access to the Atlantic Ocean In 1524 the Italian navigator Giovanni da Verrazzano was the first European to enter the harbour which he named Santa Margarita and he reported that the hills surrounding the vast expanse of New York Bay appeared to be rich in minerals more than 90 species of precious stone and 170 of the world s minerals have actually been found in New York Verrazzano s daring expedition was commemorated in 1964 when what was then the world s longest suspension bridge was dedicated to span the Narrows at the entrance to Upper New York Bay Only the third largest American port at the time of the American Revolution New York gradually achieved trade domination and by the mid 1800s handled more than half of the country s oceangoing travelers and commercial trade

    Original URL path: http://www.britannica.com/place/New-York-City (2016-02-13)
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  • peace | Britannica.com
    or situation to determine whether it is likely to World War I peacemaking 20th century international relations Peacemaking 1919 22 The bells flags crowds and tears of Armistice Day 1918 testified to the relief of exhausted Europeans that the killing had stopped and underscored their hopes that a just and lasting peace might repair the damage right the wrongs and revive prosperity in a broken world Woodrow Wilson s call for a new and democratic diplomacy backed by the suddenly commanding prestige and power of the FEATURED QUIZZES Vocabulary Quiz True or False Spell It See More Quizzes MORE QUIZZES Word Nerd Fact or Fiction Characters in Literature Early Aviation See More Quizzes About Us About Our Ads Contact Us Privacy Policy Terms of Use 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Inc MLA style peace Encyclopædia Britannica Encyclopædia Britannica Online Encyclopædia Britannica Inc 2016 Web 12 Feb 2016 http www britannica com topic peace APA style peace 2016 In Encyclopædia Britannica Retrieved from http www britannica com topic peace Harvard style peace 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Online Retrieved 12 February 2016 from http www britannica com topic peace Chicago Manual of Style Encyclopædia Britannica Online s v peace accessed February 12 2016 http www britannica com topic peace While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules there may be some discrepancies Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions Update Link Click anywhere inside the article to add text or insert superscripts subscripts and special characters You can also highlight a section and use the tools in this bar to modify existing content Add links to related Britannica articles You can double click any word or highlight a word or phrase in the text below and then select an article from the search box

    Original URL path: http://www.britannica.com/topic/peace (2016-02-13)
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  • Vietnam War | 1954-1975 | Britannica.com
    communism fought the colonial rule first of Japan and then of France The French Indochina War broke out in 1946 and went on for eight years with France s war effort largely funded and supplied by the United States Finally with their shattering defeat by the Viet Minh at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu in May 1954 the French came to the end of their rule in Indochina The battle prodded negotiators at the Geneva Conference to produce the final Geneva Accords in July 1954 The accords established the 17th parallel latitude 17 N as a temporary demarcation line separating the military forces of the French and the Viet Minh North of the line was the Democratic Republic of Vietnam or North Vietnam which had waged a successful eight year struggle against the French The North was under the full control of the Worker s Party or Vietnamese Communist Party led by Ho Chi Minh its capital was Hanoi In the South the French transferred most of their authority to the State of Vietnam which had its capital at Saigon and was nominally under the authority of the former Vietnamese emperor Bao Dai Within 300 days of the signing of the accords a demilitarized zone or DMZ was to be created by mutual withdrawal of forces north and south of the 17th parallel and the transfer of any civilians who wished to leave either side was to be completed Nationwide elections to decide the future of Vietnam North and South were to be held in 1956 Ngo Dinh Diem Encyclopædia Britannica Inc Accepting the de facto partition of Vietnam as unavoidable but still pledging to halt the spread of communism in Asia U S Pres Dwight D Eisenhower began a crash program of assistance to the State of Vietnam or South Vietnam as it was invariably called The Saigon Military Mission a covert operation to conduct psychological warfare and paramilitary activities in South Vietnam was launched on June 1 1954 under the command of U S Air Force Col Edward Lansdale At the same time Viet Minh leaders confidently expecting political disarray and unrest in the South retained many of their political operatives and propagandists below the 17th parallel even as they withdrew their military forces to the North Ngo Dinh Diem the newly installed premier of South Vietnam thus faced opposition not only from the communist regime in the North but also from the Viet Minh s stay behind political agents armed religious sects in the South and even subversive elements in his own army Yet Diem had the full support of U S military advisers who trained and reequipped his army along American lines and foiled coup plots by dissident officers Operatives of the U S Central Intelligence Agency CIA bought off or intimidated Diem s domestic opposition and U S aid agencies helped him to keep his economy afloat and to resettle some 900 000 refugees who had fled the communist North By late 1955 Diem

    Original URL path: http://www.britannica.com/event/Vietnam-War (2016-02-13)
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  • riot: building in Washington, D.C., destroyed during riots following King assassination | Encyclopedia Britannica
    D C destroyed during the riots that followed the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr April 1968 Library of Congress Washington D C digital file no 03132u MEDIA FOR Martin Luther King Jr Citation MLA APA Harvard Chicago Email To

    Original URL path: http://www.britannica.com/biography/Martin-Luther-King-Jr/images-videos/Building-in-Washington-DC-destroyed-during-the-riots-that-followed/110478 (2016-02-13)
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