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  • Great Depression: women serving unemployed men soup and bread in Los Angeles, California, 1930 | Encyclopedia Britannica
    in Los Angeles California 1930 Women serving unemployed men soup and bread in Los Angeles California U S January 1930 Hulton Archive Getty Images MEDIA FOR Great Depression Citation MLA APA Harvard Chicago Email To From Comment You have successfully

    Original URL path: http://www.britannica.com/event/Great-Depression/images-videos/Women-serving-unemployed-men-soup-and-bread-in-Los-Angeles/160747 (2016-02-13)
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  • recession | economics | Britannica.com
    in income their expectations about the future become less certain during a recession and cause them to delay making large purchases or investments In recessions the decline in output can be traced to a reduction in purchases of durable household goods by consumers and of machinery and equipment by businesses and a reduction in additions of goods to stocks or inventories 100 of 199 words About Us About Our Ads

    Original URL path: http://www.britannica.com/topic/recession (2016-02-13)
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  • Great Depression: evicted sharecroppers along a road in southeastern Missouri, 1939 | Encyclopedia Britannica
    sharecroppers along a road in southeastern Missouri U S January 1939 Arthur Rothstein Farm Security Administration Library of Congress Washington D C LC DIG fsa 8a10410 MEDIA FOR Great Depression Citation MLA APA Harvard Chicago Email To From Comment You

    Original URL path: http://www.britannica.com/event/Great-Depression/images-videos/Evicted-sharecroppers-along-a-road-in-southeastern-Missouri-US-January/160749 (2016-02-13)
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  • All in the Family: 8 Famous Sets of Siblings | Britannica.com
    first powered sustained and controlled airplane flight which occurred on December 17 1903 5 Brothers Grimm Photos com Jupiterimages Jacob Ludwig Carl Grimm 1785 1863 and Wilhelm Carl Grimm 1786 1859 are famous around the world for Grimm s Fairy Tales their classic collection of folk songs and folktales The brothers collection is the earliest scientific collection of folktales and became a model for the collecting of folktales everywhere The collection also led to the birth of the science of folklore as well as some nightmares for readers who found the stories to be a bit horrifying But that s not all the brothers are known for Jacob also did important work in historical linguistics and Germanic philology 4 George and Ira Gershwin Everett Collection Inc age fotostock George and Ira Gershwin left their impact on the world of music George 1898 1937 who wrote for Broadway and composed for orchestra and for piano was one of the most important American composers of all time Some of his best known works include the musical composition Rhapsody in Blue 1924 and the dramatic folk opera Porgy and Bess 1935 George began music lessons at age 11 on a piano that his parents had initially purchased with his older brother Ira 1896 1983 in mind but they changed course when George s musical talent became obvious Ira wrote lyrics for much of George s music as well as for the music of others Some of his best known works as a lyricist are the song Fascinating Rhythm and Porgy and Bess 3 Marx Brothers Paramount Pictures Corporation The Marx Brothers Chico 1887 1961 Harpo 1888 1964 Groucho 1890 1977 Gummo 1892 1977 and Zeppo 1901 79 made waves on the American comedy scene during much of the 20th century especially in the 1920s 30s and 40s performing onstage and in the movies The nephews of a vaudeville star the brothers got their start performing in burlesque and vaudeville drawing on music song dance and comedy to fill out their act The four oldest brothers initially formed the troupe until Zeppo replaced Gummo The Marx Brothers eventually branched out into the movies making such notable films as Duck Soup 1933 A Night at the Opera 1935 and A Day at the Races 1937 Throughout their lives the brothers performed not only onstage and in films but also on radio on television and in nightclubs Groucho had a particularly long career which included a comedy quiz show You Bet Your Life that debuted on radio in 1947 before moving to television in 1950 where it ran until 1961 2 Venus and Serena Williams William West AFP Getty Images The world of women s professional tennis hasn t been the same since the Williams sisters burst on the scene in 1990s bringing a new level of athleticism to the sport Venus born 1980 turned professional first in 1994 From 2000 onward she won several Wimbledon and U S Open titles Serena born 1981 turned professional

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  • Web sites: Ottoman Empire | Facts, History, & Map | Britannica.com
    War I Kidipede History for Kids Ottoman Empire New Zealand History Ottoman Empire The Metropolitan Museum of Art The Greater Ottoman Empire Britannica Web sites Articles from Britannica encyclopedias for elementary and high school students Ottoman Empire Children s Encyclopedia Ages 8 11 The Ottoman Empire began in what is now Turkey in about 1300 Eventually it grew to cover much of the Middle East southeastern Europe and North Africa During the 1400s and 1500s the Ottoman Empire was one of the world s great powers In the 1900s the remains of the empire became the Republic of Turkey Ottoman Empire Student Encyclopedia Ages 11 and up Early in the 14th century the Turkish tribal chieftain Othman or Osman founded an empire in western Anatolia Asia Minor that was to endure for almost six centuries As this empire grew by conquering lands of the Byzantine Empire and beyond it came to include at the height of its power all of Asia Minor the countries of the Balkan Peninsula the islands of the eastern Mediterranean parts of Hungary and Russia Iraq Syria the Caucasus Palestine and Egypt part of Arabia and all of North Africa through Algeria See also Balkans Submit

    Original URL path: http://www.britannica.com/place/Ottoman-Empire/article-websites (2016-02-13)
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  • Bibliography: Ottoman Empire | Facts, History, & Map | Britannica.com
    reprinted 1994 is a scholarly survey of the early period M A Cook ed A History of the Ottoman Empire to 1730 1976 reprinted 1980 conveniently assembles the excellent articles in The Cambridge History of Islam and The New Cambridge Modern History relating to the Ottoman Empire Franz Babinger Mehmed the Conqueror and His Time 1978 reprinted 1992 originally published in German which is based mainly on European sources emphasizes Ottoman relations with Europe under Mehmed II the Conqueror Dorothy Margaret Vaughan Europe and the Turk A Pattern of Alliances 1350 1700 1954 reprinted 1976 studies diplomatic economic and cultural relations between the Ottoman Empire and Europe Ottoman relations with Ṣafavid Iran are studied in Sydney Nettleton Fisher The Foreign Relations of Turkey 1481 1512 1948 George William Frederick Stripling The Ottoman Turks and the Arabs 1511 1574 1942 reprinted 1977 and Adel Allouche The Origins and Development of the Ottoman Ṣafavid Conflict 906 962 1500 1555 1983 The Ottomans in the Mediterranean world are described in Fernand Braudel The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II 2 vol 1972 73 reissued in 3 vol 2000 originally published in French 2nd rev ed 1966 which is a brilliant study of economic problems and development in the Mediterranean area in the mid 16th century stressing the importance of population problems the results of the influx of precious metals from the New World and shifts in international trade routes Stephen A Fischer Galati Ottoman Imperialism and German Protestantism 1521 1555 1959 reissued 1972 describes the role of the Ottoman threat in the development of the Reformation Gunther Erich Rothenberg The Austrian Military Border in Croatia 1522 1747 1960 studies Ottoman Habsburg military relations Roger Charles Anderson Naval Wars in the Levant 1559 1853 1952 reissued 2005 also treats military matters Halil İnalcik The Ottoman Empire Conquest Organization and Economy 1978 is a fundamental study of internal Ottoman economic organization and development H A R Gibb Hamilton Alexander Rosskeen Gibb and Harold Bowen Islamic Society and the West A Study of the Impact of Western Civilization on Moslem Culture in the Near East vol 1 in 2 parts 1950 reprinted 1969 emphasizes Ottoman organization in the 18th century but adds considerable information on earlier periods based on examination of Turkish and Western sources Stanford J Shaw The Financial and Administrative Organization and Development of Ottoman Egypt 1517 1798 1962 studies the Ottoman provincial and financial systems as applied in Egypt based on exhaustive research in Ottoman archives it is summarized in Shaw s article Landholding and Land Tax Revenues in Ottoman Egypt in Peter Malcolm Holt ed Political and Social Change in Modern Egypt Historical Studies from the Ottoman Conquest to the United Arab Republic 1968 pp 91 103 Anthony Dolphin Alderson The Structure of the Ottoman Dynasty 1956 reprinted 1982 details the Ottoman imperial institution and the development of the Ottoman dynasty Extensive accounts of popular customs are Suraiya Faroqhi Towns and Townsmen of Ottoman Anatolia Trade Crafts

    Original URL path: http://www.britannica.com/place/Ottoman-Empire/article-bibliography (2016-02-13)
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  • Contributors: Ottoman Empire | Facts, History, & Map | Britannica.com
    Shaw Emeritus Professor of Turkish and Judeo Turkish History University of California Los Angeles Editor in Chief International Journal of Middle East Studies Author of History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey and others Contributions Ottoman Empire Other Contributors Fredric Williams Jingchao Ye Other Encyclopædia Britannica Contributors Deepti Mahajan Dutta Promeet Gaurav Shukla Gita Liesangthem Gloria Lotha John Higgins Kenneth Pletcher Kokila Manchanda Michael Ray Noah Tesch Parul Jain

    Original URL path: http://www.britannica.com/place/Ottoman-Empire/article-contributors (2016-02-13)
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  • Malcolm Edward Yapp | Britannica.com
    Caucasus Middle East and eastern Mediterranean It is among the larger countries of the region in terms of territory and population and its land area is greater than that of any European state Nearly all of the country is in Asia comprising the oblong peninsula of Asia Minor also known as Anatolia Anadolu and in the east part of a mountainous region sometimes known as the Armenian Highland The remainder

    Original URL path: http://www.britannica.com/contributor/Malcolm-Edward-Yapp/3280 (2016-02-13)
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