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  • Wars of the Vendee | French history | Britannica.com
    to continue resistance in the Vendée The Vendéans then marched north to raise the Cotentin region and occupy a few towns They later retreated south and after failing to capture Angers December 3 turned east but were overtaken and defeated at Le Mans December 12 Perhaps 15 000 rebels were killed in this bloody battle and in the butchery of prisoners that occurred afterward Still trying to cross the Loire to reenter the Vendée the main army was finally crushed at Savenay by the Republican forces December 23 General warfare was now at an end but the severe reprisals taken by the Republican commander General Louis Marie Turreau de Garambouville provoked further resistance With the recall of Turreau May and the rise to power of the moderate Thermidorian faction in Paris July a more conciliatory policy was adopted In December the government announced an amnesty and on Feb 17 1795 the Convention of La Jaunaye granted the Vendée freedom from conscription liberty of worship and some indemnities for losses Charette again took up arms during a British backed landing of exiled French nobles at Quiberon Bay in Brittany June 1795 The nobles defeat July and the capture and execution of Stofflet February 1796 and of Charette March ended the struggle In July General Lazare Hoche announced that order had been restored in the west Subsequent though smaller royalist risings in the Vendée occurred in 1799 in 1815 and finally in 1832 in opposition to the constitutional monarchy of Louis Philippe Comments Share Email Print Cite Last Updated 10 23 2015 You may also be interested in French revolutionary and Napoleonic wars French Revolution Bertrand Barère Napoleon I Charles de Gaulle Armand Jean du Plessis cardinal et duc de Richelieu Maximilien de Robespierre Jacques Louis David Charles Maurice de Talleyrand prince de Bénévent Georges Danton Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas de Caritat marquis de Condorcet the Fronde Keep exploring Exploring Italy and France Fact or Fiction Exploring France Fact or Fiction Exploring French History Editor Picks Our Favorite Harry Potter Characters 7 Bizarre Spa Treatments What made you want to look up Wars of the Vend é e To From Subject Comments Please limit to 900 characters Cancel Britannica Stories Behind The News Philosophy Religion Healing the Schism Pope Meets Patriarch Behind The News Science Gravitational Waves Observed Spotlight History Thomas Malthus s 250th Birthday See More Stories FEATURED QUIZZES Vocabulary Quiz True or False Spell It See More Quizzes About Us About Our Ads Contact Us Privacy Policy Terms of Use 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Inc MLA style Wars of the Vendee Encyclopædia Britannica Encyclopædia Britannica Online Encyclopædia Britannica Inc 2016 Web 12 Feb 2016 http www britannica com event Wars of the Vendee APA style Wars of the Vendee 2016 In Encyclopædia Britannica Retrieved from http www britannica com event Wars of the Vendee Harvard style Wars of the Vendee 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Online Retrieved 12 February 2016 from http www britannica com event Wars of the Vendee Chicago Manual of

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  • Lazare Hoche | French general | Britannica.com
    to subdue the royalist led Roman Catholic peasants who had been in continual rebellion in the Vendée since 1793 By adopting a conciliatory policy he brought the fighting to an end in February 1795 but in June British ships landed French émigrés nobles in exile at Quiberon Bay in Brittany Hoche quickly rounded up the invaders and by July 1796 he had completed the pacification of the Vendée Hoche s military triumphs and the extent of the area under his command made him one of the most powerful men in France He took command of an army of the Rhine in January 1797 and defeated the Austrians at Neuwied now in Germany on April 18 thereby ending the war in Germany Early in September a portion of Hoche s army helped the forces of Napoleon Bonaparte expel the royalists from the government of the Directory in Paris Soon thereafter Hoche died perhaps of pneumonia at his military headquarters Had he lived longer he would almost certainly have been drawn into a power struggle with Bonaparte who seized control of the government in 1799 Comments Share Email Print Cite You may also be interested in François Séverin Marceau Napoleon I Lazare Carnot André Masséna duc de Rivoli prince d Essling Victor Moreau Charles François du Périer Dumouriez Jean Baptiste Kléber Charles Pichegru Jean Baptiste Count Jourdan Louis Alexandre Berthier prince de Wagram Claude Victor Perrin duke de Bellune Armand Louis de Gontaut duke de Biron Keep exploring Exploring Italy and France Fact or Fiction Exploring France Fact or Fiction The Country Quiz The 12 Months of the French Republican Calendar 10 Devastating Dystopias What made you want to look up Lazare Hoche To From Subject Comments Please limit to 900 characters Cancel Britannica Stories Behind The News Philosophy Religion Healing the Schism Pope Meets Patriarch Behind The News Science Gravitational Waves Observed Spotlight History Thomas Malthus s 250th Birthday See More Stories FEATURED QUIZZES Vocabulary Quiz True or False Spell It See More Quizzes About Us About Our Ads Contact Us Privacy Policy Terms of Use 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Inc MLA style Lazare Hoche Encyclopædia Britannica Encyclopædia Britannica Online Encyclopædia Britannica Inc 2016 Web 12 Feb 2016 http www britannica com biography Lazare Hoche APA style Lazare Hoche 2016 In Encyclopædia Britannica Retrieved from http www britannica com biography Lazare Hoche Harvard style Lazare Hoche 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Online Retrieved 12 February 2016 from http www britannica com biography Lazare Hoche Chicago Manual of Style Encyclopædia Britannica Online s v Lazare Hoche accessed February 12 2016 http www britannica com biography Lazare Hoche While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules there may be some discrepancies Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions Update Link Click anywhere inside the article to add text or insert superscripts subscripts and special characters You can also highlight a section and use the tools in this bar to modify existing content Add links to

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  • Treaty of Campo Formio | France-Austria [1797] | Britannica.com
    also be interested in Treaty of Schönbrunn Treaty of Pressburg French Revolution Congress of Vienna Peace of Westphalia French revolutionary and Napoleonic wars Battle of Austerlitz Battle of Leipzig Battle of Ulm Battle of Wagram Battle of Marengo Treaty of Amiens Keep exploring Exploring Italy and France Fact or Fiction Exploring France Fact or Fiction All About Napoleon Bonaparte The Six Deadliest Earthquakes since 1950 5 Good Books That Inspired Bad Deeds What made you want to look up Treaty of Campo Formio To From Subject Comments Please limit to 900 characters Cancel FEATURED QUIZZES Vocabulary Quiz True or False Spell It See More Quizzes MORE QUIZZES Inventions From Bayonets to Jet Engines Princess Diana Faces of European History Fact or Fiction See More Quizzes About Us About Our Ads Contact Us Privacy Policy Terms of Use 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Inc MLA style Treaty of Campo Formio Encyclopædia Britannica Encyclopædia Britannica Online Encyclopædia Britannica Inc 2016 Web 12 Feb 2016 http www britannica com event Treaty of Campo Formio APA style Treaty of Campo Formio 2016 In Encyclopædia Britannica Retrieved from http www britannica com event Treaty of Campo Formio Harvard style Treaty of Campo Formio 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Online Retrieved 12 February 2016 from http www britannica com event Treaty of Campo Formio Chicago Manual of Style Encyclopædia Britannica Online s v Treaty of Campo Formio accessed February 12 2016 http www britannica com event Treaty of Campo Formio While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules there may be some discrepancies Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions Update Link Click anywhere inside the article to add text or insert superscripts subscripts and special characters You can also highlight a section and use the tools in this

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  • Jean-Marie Collot d'Herbois | French radical | Britannica.com
    counterrevolutionary uprising had just been crushed By organizing mass executions of the Lyonese bourgeoisie Collot d Herbois earned a reputation for pitiless bloodshed Returning to Paris in December he came into conflict with Robespierre by supporting the Hébertist inspired dechristianizers who were destroying Roman Catholic institutions Robespierre had the leading Hébertists guillotined in March 1794 but pressure from Collot d Herbois and Billaud Varenne also forced him to eliminate Georges Danton the leader of the Jacobins right wing in April An attempt on Collot d Herbois s life May 23 1794 enhanced his popularity while his energetic advocacy of radical democratic measures within the Jacobin Club led to his emergence as a possible rival to Robespierre and increased the tensions between the two men As president of the National Convention at the time Collot d Herbois declared himself violently opposed to Robespierre and helped bring about the latter s downfall on 9 Thermidor July 27 1794 After the abortive Jacobin uprising of 12 Germinal April 1 1795 however Collot d Herbois was deported to Guiana where he died of yellow fever Comments Share Email Print Cite Last Updated 7 17 2014 You may also be interested in Georges Danton Jean Nicolas Billaud Varenne Jean Lambert Tallien Maximilien de Robespierre Paul François Jean Nicolas vicomte de Barras Bertrand Barère Georges Couthon Marie Jean Hérault de Séchelles André Jeanbon Saint André Pierre Louis Prieur Napoleon I Jacques Louis David Keep exploring Exploring Italy and France Fact or Fiction Exploring France Fact or Fiction Structures of Government Fact or Fiction Order in the Court 10 Trials of the Century Editor Picks The Worst U S Supreme Court Decisions Part One What made you want to look up Jean Marie Collot d Herbois To From Subject Comments Please limit to 900 characters Cancel Britannica Stories Behind The News Philosophy Religion Healing the Schism Pope Meets Patriarch Behind The News Science Gravitational Waves Observed Spotlight History Thomas Malthus s 250th Birthday See More Stories FEATURED QUIZZES Vocabulary Quiz True or False Spell It See More Quizzes About Us About Our Ads Contact Us Privacy Policy Terms of Use 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Inc MLA style Jean Marie Collot d Herbois Encyclopædia Britannica Encyclopædia Britannica Online Encyclopædia Britannica Inc 2016 Web 12 Feb 2016 http www britannica com biography Jean Marie Collot dHerbois APA style Jean Marie Collot d Herbois 2016 In Encyclopædia Britannica Retrieved from http www britannica com biography Jean Marie Collot dHerbois Harvard style Jean Marie Collot d Herbois 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Online Retrieved 12 February 2016 from http www britannica com biography Jean Marie Collot dHerbois Chicago Manual of Style Encyclopædia Britannica Online s v Jean Marie Collot d Herbois accessed February 12 2016 http www britannica com biography Jean Marie Collot dHerbois While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules there may be some discrepancies Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions Update Link Click anywhere inside the article to add

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  • Battle of Marengo | European history | Britannica.com
    an armistice Comments Share Email Print Cite Last Updated 7 25 2014 You may also be interested in Battle of Lodi Battle of Leipzig Battle of Austerlitz Battle of Ulm Battle of Wagram Battle of Solferino Battle of Fleurus Battle of Dresden Siege of Mantua Battle of Magenta European Union EU French Revolution Keep exploring Exploring Italy and France Fact or Fiction Exploring France Fact or Fiction All About Napoleon Bonaparte International Literary Tour 10 Places Every Lit Lover Should See 8 Influential Abolitionist Texts What made you want to look up Battle of Marengo To From Subject Comments Please limit to 900 characters Cancel FEATURED QUIZZES Vocabulary Quiz True or False Spell It See More Quizzes MORE QUIZZES History Buff Quiz Exploring Russian History Mobster Names See More Quizzes About Us About Our Ads Contact Us Privacy Policy Terms of Use 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Inc MLA style Battle of Marengo Encyclopædia Britannica Encyclopædia Britannica Online Encyclopædia Britannica Inc 2016 Web 12 Feb 2016 http www britannica com event Battle of Marengo APA style Battle of Marengo 2016 In Encyclopædia Britannica Retrieved from http www britannica com event Battle of Marengo Harvard style Battle of Marengo 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Online Retrieved 12 February 2016 from http www britannica com event Battle of Marengo Chicago Manual of Style Encyclopædia Britannica Online s v Battle of Marengo accessed February 12 2016 http www britannica com event Battle of Marengo While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules there may be some discrepancies Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions Update Link Click anywhere inside the article to add text or insert superscripts subscripts and special characters You can also highlight a section and use the tools in this bar to modify

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  • Exploring Italy and France: Fact or Fiction Quiz | Britannica.com
    answer the higher your score When you re done try again to beat your best score vm state secondsLeft fixedLength 2 QUESTION vm state currentQuestion 1 of vm questions length Timer Score vm state score Exploring Italy and France Fact or Fiction vm state secondsLeft fixedLength 2 QUESTION vm state currentQuestion 1 of vm questions length Timer Score vm state score Exploring Italy and France Fact or Fiction 0 vm state nextLabel Quiz Results Exploring Italy and France Fact or Fiction vm state numberCorrect vm questions length correct vm state score vm maxPoints points Replay Share your score Log in to save your score History Texas Revolution Technology Can You Hear Me Now Science Aircraft Fact or Fiction Literature Language Spell It Arts Culture Clowning Around Are you a Quizmaster Log in to save your score and compete against the community Compare your score Max Score vm maxPoints New Best Score vm state score vm communityAverage number 0 Your Score Community Average High scores Your results vm state responsesVisible Hide Show Answers Questions Correct vm state numberCorrect vm questions length Total Score vm state score vm maxPoints Question Question index 1 Your Answer No response vm state responses index isCorrect

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  • Exploring France: Fact or Fiction Quiz | Britannica.com
    re done try again to beat your best score vm state secondsLeft fixedLength 2 QUESTION vm state currentQuestion 1 of vm questions length Timer Score vm state score Exploring France Fact or Fiction vm state secondsLeft fixedLength 2 QUESTION vm state currentQuestion 1 of vm questions length Timer Score vm state score Exploring France Fact or Fiction 0 vm state nextLabel Quiz Results Exploring France Fact or Fiction vm state numberCorrect vm questions length correct vm state score vm maxPoints points Replay Share your score Log in to save your score Geography Exploring Canada Fact or Fiction History Expedition Europe Food What Is It Fruits and Veggies Edition Music Turn Up the Volume Arts Culture Name the Impressionists Are you a Quizmaster Log in to save your score and compete against the community Compare your score Max Score vm maxPoints New Best Score vm state score vm communityAverage number 0 Your Score Community Average High scores Your results vm state responsesVisible Hide Show Answers Questions Correct vm state numberCorrect vm questions length Total Score vm state score vm maxPoints Question Question index 1 Your Answer No response vm state responses index isCorrect Your Correct Answer Back to Top Peanuts Fact

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  • Napoleon Bonaparte Quiz | Britannica.com
    higher your score When you re done try again to beat your best score vm state secondsLeft fixedLength 2 QUESTION vm state currentQuestion 1 of vm questions length Timer Score vm state score All About Napoleon Bonaparte vm state secondsLeft fixedLength 2 QUESTION vm state currentQuestion 1 of vm questions length Timer Score vm state score All About Napoleon Bonaparte 0 vm state nextLabel Quiz Results All About Napoleon Bonaparte vm state numberCorrect vm questions length correct vm state score vm maxPoints points Replay Share your score Log in to save your score History This or That Cowboy vs Ranger Animals Animals Down Under Literature Language William Shakespeare The Prose and the Playwright Technology Can You Hear Me Now Music Composers Their Music Are you a Quizmaster Log in to save your score and compete against the community Compare your score Max Score vm maxPoints New Best Score vm state score vm communityAverage number 0 Your Score Community Average High scores Your results vm state responsesVisible Hide Show Answers Questions Correct vm state numberCorrect vm questions length Total Score vm state score vm maxPoints Question Question index 1 Your Answer No response vm state responses index isCorrect Your Correct Answer

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