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  • 5 Famous Battle-Axes | Britannica.com
    the Hatchet Andrzej Tokarski Fotolia In 1472 troops of Charles the Bold of Burgundy were driving across France leaving destruction and death in their wake The same fate seemed to await the small town of Beauvais That is until a teenaged girl named Jeanne decided to take action Grabbing a hatchet she attacked the enemy s standard bearer and seized the flag Her actions spurred on the locals who repelled the invaders Jeanne Hachette s bravery is commemorated each year with the Procession of the Assault in Beauvais 2 Lizzie Borden Library of Congress Washington D C Digital file no cph 3c23237 One of the best known murder suspects in U S history Lizzie Borden was a popular 32 year old churchgoer when her father and stepmother were brutally killed in 1892 victims of an axe wielding assailant Lizzie soon emerged as the main suspect she allegedly had tried to buy poison the day before the murders and her trial created a national sensation garnering more newspaper coverage than the World s Fair in Chicago Given the circumstantial evidence Borden was acquitted and she lived a relatively quiet life until her death in 1927 Her story however has lived on thanks in large part to that poem 1 Hannah Emerson Duston Craig Michaud In 1697 less than a week after giving birth Hannah Emerson Duston along with her newborn daughter and her maid was captured by Native Americans and forced to march some 100 miles from Haverhill Massachusetts to Boscawen New Hampshire along the way the baby was allegedly murdered and a young captive boy was added to the group On the night of March 30 Duston obtained a tomahawk which she used to kill up to 10 Indians a number of whom were reportedly children and scalp them After

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  • Michael Ray | Britannica.com
    Jean Claude Juncker Barney Frank Federica Mogherini Petro Poroshenko Greensboro sit in Frankie Knuckles Fox News Channel Live Aid Janjaweed pirate radio David Ford Viktor Yanukovych Euroskepticism Year In Review 2014 Franz Halder Ralph Henry Baer Owsley Stanley Edgar Miles Bronfman Looney Tunes Amazon s 20th Anniversary Year In Review 2014 Activision Blizzard Inc Andy Granatelli Alan Moore L Aquila earthquake of 2009 Emmett Till Susan Rice Mikhail Timofeyevich Kalashnikov Dwayne Glenn McDuffie Beppe Grillo Cathy Guisewite Frank Miller Rick Rubin Tupac Shakur U S Secret Service Joe Morello Jack Kirby Alison Krauss Alex Chilton Roland Burris Garth Brooks the Ronettes Ari Up Jenni Rivera the Greens Chester Nez Mikhail Khodorkovsky StarCraft Ken Salazar How many were killed and injured during the Normandy Invasion Liu Xiaobo social network Kgalema Motlanthe Euroskepticism Geert Wilders Marine Le Pen Trans Alaska Pipeline James Brian Hellwig the Marvelettes Janet Davison Rowley Al Goldstein The Teavangelicals Year In Review 2013 the Shangri Las The Boston Marathon Bombings of 2013 Year In Review 2013 Baaba Maal Elizabeth Edwards Hiroshi Yamauchi Art Spiegelman Ray Milton Dolby London bombings of 2005 Executive Order 9981 WikiLeaks Ted Kaczynski Convention on Cluster Munitions Richard Burton Matheson Christine Keeler George Papandreou Portishead Carmine Michael Infantino Presidential Medal of Freedom Rascal Flatts Judd Gregg State of the Union Dystopian Children s Literature A Darker Spin on an Established Genre Year In Review 2012 Russell Means Joe Kubert Harry Harrison Grand Canal Terror in Norway Year In Review 2011 George Mitchell Sidney Harman Joanna Russ Randy Savage Reg Empey Enda Kenny The Tea Party A New Force in U S Politics Year In Review 2010 Robert Arthur Goodnough James Foster Neal Helen Escobedo Huang Hua David Fraser Nolan Samuel Theodore Cohen Marshall Allen Flaum Chalmers Johnson Harvey Lawrence Pekar Twitter Takes on the World 140 Characters at a Time Year In Review 2009 Social Networking Making Connections on the Web Year In Review 2007 The Virtual World of Online Gaming Year In Review 2006 Graphic Novels Not Just Comic Books Year In Review 2004 The Centennial of World War I Year In Review 2014 View All Superheroes Quiz Fantasy Lands 11 Famous Movie Monsters Stealing Beauty 11 Notable Art Thefts The Perils of Industry 10 Notable Accidents and Catastrophes 11 Entertainment Power Couples When Losers Finish First Top 10 Second Place Victories Order in the Court 10 Trials of the Century From Box Office to Ballot Box 10 Celebrity Politicians Spies Like Us 10 Famous Names in the Espionage Game Imma Let You Finish 10 Classic Moments in MTV History Fightin Fauna 6 Animals of War 7 of the World s Deadliest Shipwrecks 8 Music Festivals Not to Miss View All January 27 2016 Behind The News Eichmann Papers Made Public January 25 2016 Spotlight The Haggis Burns Night in Scotland January 18 2016 Behind The News Ghoulish Secret Concealed in Victorian Painting January 14 2016 Behind The News Why Is Gas So Cheap January 06 2016 Behind The News North Korea Claims

    Original URL path: http://www.britannica.com/editor/Michael-Ray/6392 (2016-02-13)
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  • 5 Fascinating Battles of the African Colonial Era | Britannica.com
    Thinkstock The British defeat of Zulu King Cetshwayo s forces marked the end of an era of powerful Zulu kings It also resulted in the Zulu kingdom being incorporated into British colonial holdings eventually as part of the province of Natal which later became the modern day South African province of KwaZulu Natal 2 Gun War 1880 81 in Southern Africa Encyclop dia Britannica Inc The Sotho peoples victory over the Cape Colony is one of the few examples in Southern African history of black Africans winning a conflict with colonial powers in the 19th century It s also the reason why the country of Lesotho is surrounded by the country of South Africa rather than being a part of it because Basutoland as Lesotho was then known remained independent of the Cape Colony it was not included when that colony and three others formed the Union of South Africa in 1910 1 South African War 1899 1902 in Southern Africa DeA Picture Library The war between Great Britain and the Boer Afrikaner republics of Transvaal and Orange Free State which ended with British victory and annexation of the two Boer republics is noteworthy for several reasons Here are just a few It was the largest and most costly war that the British fought during the 19th century It provided a preview of the type of warfare that would come to characterize World War I It was a war fought between two groups of white peoples the British and the Dutch descended Boers in a subcontinent with a largely black African population that both sides generally sought to exclude from the fighting although black Africans were certainly negatively impacted by the conflict The two annexed Boer Republics would with the British colonies of Cape and Natal later form the Union

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  • 11 Handsome Historical Figures That Would Make Your Head Turn | Britannica.com
    jewelry line A little moonlighting might be just what he needs to distract himself from the death of wife Mumtāz Maḥal 8 Montezuma Photos com Thinkstock Time for this Aztec emperor to avenge himself in a way that doesn t entail restricting tourists to bottled water How better to stick it to Western expansion than by appearing in air brushed splendor above Times Square attired only in the latest intimate apparel OK so there are probably better ways but really when traveler s diarrhea is named after you anything s an improvement 7 Sir Walter Raleigh Mansell Collection Time Life Pictures Getty Images No stranger to high fashion the English explorer could easily be the fresh face of the season with his cupid s bow lips and sensitive eyes After a bath and a good delousing of course You know those Elizabethans 6 Lord Byron Photos com Thinkstock Though his predilections for narcotics and general shenanigans would make him a liability in the high stakes world of haute couture his pouty good looks might be worth the risk That brooding countenance could be just the one on which to hang the latest shades 5 Johannes Brahms Encyclop dia Britannica Inc Comfortable in the higher echelons of society this composer could certainly rock a suit And some major hair 4 Shaka Courtesy of the trustees of the British Museum photograph J R Freeman Co Ltd Though this Zulu chief s lifestyle may say ruthless his abs say swimsuit season If we can convince him to trade his loincloth for some Lycra shorts and keep him from spearing the stylist we ve found the face of the resort collection 3 Jesse James MPI Hulton Archive Getty Images Bad boys are always in Why not then avail ourselves of an actual outlaw His refined bone structure and devil may care attitude might lend just the edge we need to make the fall line pop in the latest glossies Of course wrestling the trigger happy bandit off of his horse and into the time warp is going to be a bit of a trial 2 Mark Twain Library of Congress Washington D C LC USZ62 28851 Mr Clemens may have evolved into a style icon in his own right in his later years who wouldn t recognize his white suits and matching shock of hair but we want the younger version Squeeze this mustachioed Narcissus into a pair of skinny jeans and he ll practically bleed hipster irony 1 Shi Pei Pu AP Androgyny is in and as such this gender bending spy is prime for exploitation Contemporary double threat Andrej Pejic who models both men s and women s clothing would have some real competition from Shi whose talents extended beyond cross dressing to opera singing and espionage See if that little whiff of scandal doesn t sell a few pairs of slacks Your Reaction From Box Office to Ballot Box 10 Celebrity Politicians 9 Infamous Assassins and the World Leaders They Dispatched

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  • 7 Monarchs with Unfortunate Nicknames | Britannica.com
    Emperor Holy Roman Emperor Charles II is known for his many familial land disputes After receiving land from his father emperor Louis I Charles became embroiled in a series of civil wars among his half brothers over the maintenance of land for succession status However whether or not this Carolingian ruler was actually bald remains a hotly contested point Some historians theorize that the nickname may have been more ironic than illustrative But some scholars have another explanation In the 9th century baldness provoked laughter and those who suffered from such ridicule retorted by citing the great bald men of the past If Charles was bald it is thought he would have welcomed the association with these great historical figures 4 The Bloody Mary I Queen of England Kevin Fleming Corbis Daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon Mary I became the first sole female monarch of England From the beginning of her reign in 1553 she was determined to make Catholicism England s primary religion through her marriage to Phillip II of Spain A Protestant rebellion led by Sir Thomas Wyatt soon erupted but was quickly suppressed by her supporters who left a bloody residue of massacred heretics Once a popular queen among her subjects Bloody Mary ended her life heirless and despised 3 The Terrible Ivan IV Tsar of Russia Bettmann Corbis In 1547 14 years into his role as grand prince of Russia Ivan IV obtained the lofty title of tsar and grand prince of all of Russia After this royal promotion most of his centralization reforms were colored by his fervent desire to limit the powers of the hereditary aristocracy in favor of the service gentry The reign of terror that would make him known as Ivan the Terrible was designed to make individuals land and status dependent ultimately on the sovereign The tsar s wrath was not limited to non royals in 1581 he murdered his son Ivan the only viable heir to his throne initiating a period known as the Time of Troubles 2 The Bad William I King of Sicily Contrary to his less than positive epithet William the Bad ruled Sicily in an efficient and progressive manner He promoted science and letters during his reign and practiced religious tolerance William s infamy initially came from his suppression of the power of Sicily s barons in favor of a more centralized authority But even with his newfound royal authority he lost Sicily s African territories by 1160 and rebellions erupted throughout his kingdom Unlucky William seems to have epitomized the phrase be careful what you wish for 1 The Mad Charles VI King of France Courtesy of the Biblioth que Publique et Universitaire Geneva King Charles VI of France ascended to the throne in 1380 at the age of 11 and became the sole ruler of the country eight years later During disputes between England over the residence of the papacy in 1392 Charles had an attack of madness that included fever

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  • Top 10 Second Place "Victories" | Britannica.com
    in the best director and best screenplay categories Alec Guinness was denied in the supporting actor category and Woody Allen s Annie Hall trumped it for best picture 6 Westmoreland s Gamble The Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum The Tet offensive was a major turning point in the Vietnam War for entirely different reasons than those envisioned by the North Vietnamese leadership The widespread attack on cities in the south brought the Viet Cong into the open where they were decimated by U S and South Vietnamese forces Tactically the offensive was a colossal failure However when Gen William Westmoreland requested 206 000 additional troops to press the advantage many on the home front questioned whether such increased numbers would actually affect the chances of the U S winning the war Ultimately Tet led to the de escalation of the American role in the conflict and to the fall of South Vietnam 5 Battle of Breed s Hill Just Doesn t Have the Same Ring to It Courtesy of MOTT It is not uncommon for a battle to go by a number of different names In the American Civil War Confederate sources typically used nearby towns to locate battles Sharpsburg Manassas whereas Union sources sometimes used rivers or bodies of water Antietam Bull Run to locate those same engagements What s unusual about the Battle of Bunker Hill the first major battle of the American Revolution is that the battle actually took place on Breed s Hill the smaller and less defensible of two hills outside Boston The battle was a British victory but the heavy losses inflicted on the British bolstered flagging American morale and a British commander commented that another such victory would ruin the British cause 4 Cold War Veterans The great ideological showdown of the second half of the 20th century saw the U S led forces of NATO square off against the Soviet led forces of the Warsaw Pact in the Cold War Although many clearly bristled at life behind the Iron Curtain as evidenced by uprisings such as the Prague Spring and movements like Solidarity the threat of Soviet reprisal was ever present When democratic revolutions swept Eastern Europe in the late 1980s the Warsaw Pact became something of a Cold War relic and it was formally disbanded in 1991 With the exception of Russia all of its former members joined NATO evidence that the Cold War was one conflict that they were happy to lose 3 Dreamgirl Alexandra Wyman Wireimage com AP Images American Idol has produced a number of top selling recording artists Season One winner Kelly Clarkson racked up a string of pop hits and Season Four winner Carrie Underwood parlayed her victory into an award winning country music career Achieving similar acclaim however was Season Three s seventh place finisher Jennifer Hudson Hudson got a second bite at the fame apple when she auditioned for the Motown era musical Dreamgirls Her performance in that film brought audiences to their

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  • 7 Alphabet Soup Agencies that Stuck Around | Britannica.com
    Exchange the Committees on Banking and Currency uncovered misleading sales operations and stock manipulations which had led to the devastation the U S economy faced In order to restore public and investor confidence in the stock market the SEC was formed to protect investors through the regulation and enforcement of new securities laws that deterred stock manipulation The agency still carries out this mission today 5 Federal Housing Administration FHA romman Fotolia Now the largest insurer of mortgages in the world the Federal Housing Administration has given loans for over 34 million properties since its foundation in 1934 It was initially created to give jobs to unemployed construction workers and to help Americans transition from a nation of renters into a nation of owners Although its primary goal was to create single family and multifamily homes the agency has also allocated funding for more specific housing purposes For example the FHA granted mortgages to finance military housing during the 1940s and in more recent decades has given money to make homes for the elderly and the handicapped 4 Federal Communications Commission FCC Greatest Images of NASA Established by the Communications Act of 1934 the Federal Communications Commission is an independent government agency that controls interstate and foreign communications by radio television wire satellite and cable in the United States and U S territories The FCC was created to regulate the distribution and costs of various sources of communication and to monitor the moral standards of broadcasts The organization has since dropped its careful watch on morality to fully focus on making communication services more accessible to Americans 3 Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation FDIC Gerry Boughan Shutterstock com In light of the banking crisis of March 12 1933 President Roosevelt created the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation under the Banking Act of 1933 The government hoped this agency would quell Americans worries over the stability of the banking organization and the money supply in the face of nationwide bank failures The FDIC s solution was to develop insurance coverage for banking deposits guaranteeing citizens financial stability The agency has since expanded to regulate various other banking practices as well 2 Farm Credit Administration FCA Library of Congress Washington D C Like the TVA the Farm Credit Administration was established in 1933 to help combat economic issues during the Great Depression Because many farmers had problems maintaining their farmland in the face of the economic downturn Congress decided to implement a federal credit organization to help them Within the first months of the FCA s establishment 40 000 farmers had applied for loans from the cooperative Now the FCA is the largest agricultural lender in the United States 1 Tennessee Valley Authority TVA Bryan Busovicki Shutterstock com Created by the U S Congress in 1933 the Tennessee Valley Authority s influence spans regions across seven states This government agency was originally established to control floods improve the living standards of farmers and produce electrical power among other objectives As these developments arose the

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  • Encyclopedia Britannica Lists | Britannica.com
    World s Most Dangerous Fish 9 Mind Altering Plants 7 Animals That Turn White in Winter Browse Lists by Category History Music Animals Geography Literature Language Arts Culture Health Medicine Science Sports Recreation Food Pop Culture Society Philosophy Religion Technology Editor Picks Editor Picks Britannica editors share their opinions insightful commentary and fun facts on a variety of topics of personal interest Melissa Petruzzello 8 Fruits on My Bucket List

    Original URL path: http://www.britannica.com/list/browse?c=5 (2016-02-13)
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