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  • metaphysics | Britannica.com
    forms categories and particulars The existence of God The soul mind and body Nature and the external world Space and time The conception of spirit Types of metaphysical theory Platonism Aristotelianism Thomism Cartesianism Idealism Materialism Argument assertion and method in metaphysics Metaphysics as a science Initial metaphysical insights Metaphysical arguments Criticisms of metaphysics Metaphysics as knowledge of the supersensible Specific criticisms Tendencies in contemporary metaphysics Tendencies in the United States Tendencies in continental Europe The thought of Whitehead Metaphysics the philosophical study whose object is to determine the real nature of things to determine the meaning structure and principles of whatever is insofar as it is Although this study is popularly conceived as referring to anything excessively subtle and highly theoretical and although it has been subjected to many criticisms it is presented by metaphysicians as the most fundamental and most comprehensive of inquiries inasmuch as it is concerned with reality as a whole Nature and scope of metaphysics Origin of the term Aristotle portrait bust A Dagli Orti DeA Picture Library Etymologically the term metaphysics is unenlightening It means what comes after physics it was the 100 of 37 055 words Images About Us About Our Ads Contact Us

    Original URL path: http://www.britannica.com/topic/metaphysics (2016-02-13)
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  • Neo-Kantianism | philosophy | Britannica.com
    pragmatism Stoicism empiricism Keep exploring Writer s Block Character Education Ancient Anatolia When Losers Finish First Top 10 Second Place Victories The Axial Age 5 Fast Facts What made you want to look up Neo Kantianism To From Subject Comments Please limit to 900 characters Cancel FEATURED QUIZZES Vocabulary Quiz True or False Spell It See More Quizzes MORE QUIZZES President of the United States Fact or Fiction Languages Alphabets Word Nerd Quiz See More Quizzes About Us About Our Ads Contact Us Privacy Policy Terms of Use 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Inc MLA style Neo Kantianism Encyclopædia Britannica Encyclopædia Britannica Online Encyclopædia Britannica Inc 2016 Web 12 Feb 2016 http www britannica com topic Neo Kantianism APA style Neo Kantianism 2016 In Encyclopædia Britannica Retrieved from http www britannica com topic Neo Kantianism Harvard style Neo Kantianism 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Online Retrieved 12 February 2016 from http www britannica com topic Neo Kantianism Chicago Manual of Style Encyclopædia Britannica Online s v Neo Kantianism accessed February 12 2016 http www britannica com topic Neo Kantianism While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules there may be some discrepancies Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions Update Link Click anywhere inside the article to add text or insert superscripts subscripts and special characters You can also highlight a section and use the tools in this bar to modify existing content Add links to related Britannica articles You can double click any word or highlight a word or phrase in the text below and then select an article from the search box Or simply highlight a word or phrase in the article then enter the article name or term you d like to link to in the search box below and

    Original URL path: http://www.britannica.com/topic/Neo-Kantianism (2016-02-13)
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  • Web sites: eugenics | genetics | Britannica.com
    breeding of people who have certain physical characteristics or mental abilities Eugenics is based on genetics the science that studies how genes are structured and passed on through generations Eugenics also involves use of information obtained from other areas of knowledge Psychology the study of personality medicine as it relates to the genetic factors of certain diseases and conditions sociology the study of group interaction and demography the statistical study

    Original URL path: http://www.britannica.com/science/eugenics-genetics/article-websites (2016-02-13)
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  • Bibliography: eugenics | genetics | Britannica.com
    and Social Policy in Britain 1870 1959 1998 analyzes many social dimensions of British eugenics Robert Proctor Racial Hygiene Medicine Under the Nazis 1998 thoroughly explores the Nazi s eugenic mindedness Philip R Sloan ed Controlling Our Destinies Historical Philosophical Ethical and Theological Perspectives on the Human Genome Project 2000 provides a foundation work for discussion on the new eugenics P K W Submit a publication Search for an ISBN

    Original URL path: http://www.britannica.com/science/eugenics-genetics/article-bibliography (2016-02-13)
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  • Contributors: eugenics | genetics | Britannica.com
    Penn State College of Medicine Author of Surgery Skin Syphilis Daniel Turner s London 1667 1741 Contributions Sherlock Holmes Sir Arthur Conan Doyle eugenics William Withering Other Contributors Sara Meloni Other Encyclopædia Britannica Contributors Amy Tikkanen Grace Young Kara Rogers Shiveta Singh Yamini Chauhan The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica Britannica Stories Behind The News Philosophy Religion Healing the Schism Pope Meets Patriarch Behind The News Science Gravitational Waves Observed Spotlight

    Original URL path: http://www.britannica.com/science/eugenics-genetics/article-contributors (2016-02-13)
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  • Philip K. Wilson | Britannica.com
    the medical uses of foxglove proved crucial to modern understanding of heart failure and today drugs containing the active compound known as digitalis are still prescribed Education and early career in medicine Influenced by his father Edmund who worked as an apothecary and by his uncle Brooke Hector who worked as a physician in Lichfield Withering enrolled at the University of Edinburgh in 1762 following four years of medical apprenticeship

    Original URL path: http://www.britannica.com/contributor/Philip-K-Wilson/5435 (2016-02-13)
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  • eugenics -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia
    section established in 1906 chaired by ichthyologist and Stanford University president David Starr Jordan Research from around the globe was featured at three international congresses held in 1912 1921 and 1932 In addition eugenics education was monitored in Britain by the English Eugenics Society founded by Galton in 1907 as the Eugenics Education Society and in the United States by the American Eugenics Society Following World War I the United States gained status as a world power A concomitant fear arose that if the healthy stock of the American people became diluted with socially undesirable traits the country s political and economic strength would begin to crumble The maintenance of world peace by fostering democracy capitalism and at times eugenics based schemes was central to the activities of the Internationalists a group of prominent American leaders in business education publishing and government One core member of this group the New York lawyer Madison Grant aroused considerable pro eugenic interest through his best selling book The Passing of the Great Race 1916 Beginning in 1920 a series of congressional hearings was held to identify problems that immigrants were causing the United States As the country s eugenics expert Harry Laughlin provided tabulations showing that certain immigrants particularly those from Italy Greece and Eastern Europe were significantly overrepresented in American prisons and institutions for the feebleminded Further data were construed to suggest that these groups were contributing too many genetically and socially inferior people Laughlin s classification of these individuals included the feebleminded the insane the criminalistic the epileptic the inebriate the diseased including those with tuberculosis leprosy and syphilis the blind the deaf the deformed the dependent chronic recipients of charity paupers and ne er do wells Racial overtones also pervaded much of the British and American eugenics literature In 1923 Laughlin was sent by the U S secretary of labour as an immigration agent to Europe to investigate the chief emigrant exporting nations Laughlin sought to determine the feasibility of a plan whereby every prospective immigrant would be interviewed before embarking to the United States He provided testimony before Congress that ultimately led to a new immigration law in 1924 that severely restricted the annual immigration of individuals from countries previously claimed to have contributed excessively to the dilution of American good stock Immigration control was but one method to control eugenically the reproductive stock of a country Laughlin appeared at the centre of other U S efforts to provide eugenicists greater reproductive control over the nation He approached state legislators with a model law to control the reproduction of institutionalized populations By 1920 two years before the publication of Laughlin s influential Eugenical Sterilization in the United States 1922 3 200 individuals across the country were reported to have been involuntarily sterilized That number tripled by 1929 and by 1938 more than 30 000 people were claimed to have met this fate More than half of the states adopted Laughlin s law with California Virginia and Michigan leading the

    Original URL path: http://www.britannica.com/print/article/195069 (2016-02-13)
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  • eugenics | Britannica.com
    pencil drawing by F A de Biden Footner 1924 You may also be interested in Media for genetics Media for biology Media for genomics Media for life Keep Exploring Everything Earth Hyenas and Aardwolves Fact or Fiction 6 Common Infections We Wish Never Existed Uninvited Guests The 7 Worst Parasitic Worms Renewable Energy Machine Guns About Us About Our Ads Contact Us Privacy Policy Terms of Use 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica

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