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  • Charles Benedict Davenport | American zoologist | Britannica.com
    Statistical Methods with Special Reference to Biological Variation 1899 Eugenics 1910 and Body Build and Its Inheritance 1923 Comments Share Email Print Cite You may also be interested in Edward O Wilson Thomas Hunt Morgan Charles Henry Turner Cornelia Maria Clapp Clarence E McClung William Keith Brooks Aristotle Charles Darwin Ernst Haeckel James Dewey Watson Karl Pearson John James Audubon Keep exploring Biology Bonanza Chemistry and Biology Fact or Fiction All About Animals Christening Pluto s Moons 7 Drugs that Changed the World What made you want to look up Charles Benedict Davenport To From Subject Comments Please limit to 900 characters Cancel FEATURED QUIZZES Vocabulary Quiz True or False Spell It See More Quizzes MORE QUIZZES Planet Earth Fact or Fiction Earth s Atmosphere and Clouds Electronics Gadgets Quiz See More Quizzes About Us About Our Ads Contact Us Privacy Policy Terms of Use 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Inc MLA style Charles Benedict Davenport Encyclopædia Britannica Encyclopædia Britannica Online Encyclopædia Britannica Inc 2016 Web 12 Feb 2016 http www britannica com biography Charles Benedict Davenport APA style Charles Benedict Davenport 2016 In Encyclopædia Britannica Retrieved from http www britannica com biography Charles Benedict Davenport Harvard style Charles Benedict Davenport 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Online Retrieved 12 February 2016 from http www britannica com biography Charles Benedict Davenport Chicago Manual of Style Encyclopædia Britannica Online s v Charles Benedict Davenport accessed February 12 2016 http www britannica com biography Charles Benedict Davenport While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules there may be some discrepancies Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions Update Link Click anywhere inside the article to add text or insert superscripts subscripts and special characters You can also highlight a section and use the tools in this

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  • Edward Murray East | American scientist | Britannica.com
    in 1916 Though he continued his work in genetics his later contributions to the field were generally of a more theoretical nature He wrote books on science and international affairs and produced a number of articles on eugenics an issue of which he was a strong supporter Comments Share Email Print Cite You may also be interested in Donald Forsha Jones George Harrison Shull Luther Burbank George Ledyard Stebbins Jr John Torrey Bernard Ogilvie Dodge Albert Francis Blakeslee Elvin Charles Stakman Gregor Mendel John Lorain Barbara McClintock Hugo de Vries Keep exploring Plants From Cute to Carnivorous Chemistry Fact or Fiction Ins and Outs of Chemistry Britannica Brush ups 5 Vertebrate Groups 9 of the World s Deadliest Mammals What made you want to look up Edward Murray East To From Subject Comments Please limit to 900 characters Cancel Britannica Stories Behind The News Philosophy Religion Healing the Schism Pope Meets Patriarch Behind The News Science Gravitational Waves Observed Spotlight History Thomas Malthus s 250th Birthday See More Stories FEATURED QUIZZES Vocabulary Quiz True or False Spell It See More Quizzes About Us About Our Ads Contact Us Privacy Policy Terms of Use 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Inc MLA style Edward Murray East Encyclopædia Britannica Encyclopædia Britannica Online Encyclopædia Britannica Inc 2016 Web 12 Feb 2016 http www britannica com biography Edward Murray East APA style Edward Murray East 2016 In Encyclopædia Britannica Retrieved from http www britannica com biography Edward Murray East Harvard style Edward Murray East 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Online Retrieved 12 February 2016 from http www britannica com biography Edward Murray East Chicago Manual of Style Encyclopædia Britannica Online s v Edward Murray East accessed February 12 2016 http www britannica com biography Edward Murray East While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules there

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  • Hermann Joseph Muller | American geneticist | Britannica.com
    This highly original discovery established his international reputation as a geneticist and eventually won him the Nobel Prize At this time Muller was able to demonstrate that mutations are the result of breakages in chromosomes and of changes in individual genes In 1931 he was elected to the U S National Academy of Sciences After undergoing a nervous breakdown in 1932 due to personal pressures Muller spent one year at the Kaiser Wilhelm now Max Planck Institute in Berlin where he investigated various physical models for explaining mutations in genes In 1933 he moved to Leningrad now St Petersburg and then to Moscow at the invitation of N I Vavilov head of the Institute of Genetics there Muller was a socialist and he initially viewed the Soviet Union as a progressive experimental society that could pursue important research in genetics and eugenics But by this time the false doctrines of the biologist T D Lysenko were becoming politically powerful bringing to an end valid Soviet scientific research in genetics Muller fought Lysenkoism whenever possible but he ultimately had to leave the Soviet Union in 1937 He spent three years at the Institute of Animal Genetics in Edinburgh returning to the United States in August 1940 On returning to the United States Muller obtained temporary positions at Amherst College Massachusetts 1941 45 and finally a professorship in zoology 1945 67 at Indiana University Bloomington The award of the Nobel Prize to Muller in 1946 increased his opportunities to publicize one of his major concerns the dangers posed by accumulating spontaneous mutations in the human gene pool as a result of industrial processes and radiation He was foremost in promoting public awareness of the dangers of radiation to future generations He also became more actively involved in discussions on the relaxed processes of natural selection operating in modern society and he made a controversial suggestion that the sperm of gifted men be frozen and preserved as part of a purposeful program of eugenics for future generations Comments Share Email Print Cite You may also be interested in George Wells Beadle Edward L Tatum Thomas Hunt Morgan James Dewey Watson Barbara McClintock Craig C Mello Jack W Szostak Andrew Z Fire Michael S Brown Joshua Lederberg Joseph L Goldstein Max Delbrück Keep exploring Human Health Fact or Fiction Human Health Biology Bonanza Deviously Darwinian 6 Strange Evolutionary Phenomena 9 of the World s Deadliest Snakes What made you want to look up Hermann Joseph Muller To From Subject Comments Please limit to 900 characters Cancel Britannica Stories Behind The News Philosophy Religion Healing the Schism Pope Meets Patriarch Behind The News Science Gravitational Waves Observed Spotlight History Thomas Malthus s 250th Birthday See More Stories FEATURED QUIZZES Vocabulary Quiz True or False Spell It See More Quizzes About Us About Our Ads Contact Us Privacy Policy Terms of Use 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Inc MLA style Hermann Joseph Muller Encyclopædia Britannica Encyclopædia Britannica Online Encyclopædia Britannica Inc 2016 Web 12 Feb 2016 http www

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  • Theodore Roosevelt | president of United States | Britannica.com
    Oyster Bay New York the 26th president of the United States 1901 09 and a writer naturalist and soldier He expanded the powers of the presidency and of the federal government in support of the public interest in conflicts between big business and labour and steered the nation toward an active role in world politics particularly in Europe and Asia He won the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1906 for

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  • Elihu Root | United States statesman | Britannica.com
    Conference and he negotiated agreements by which Japan undertook to control its immigration to the United States and to arbitrate certain kinds of disputes With the Japanese ambassador to the United States Takahira Kogoro Root negotiated the Root Takahira Agreement 1908 under whose terms Japan promised to respect the Open Door Policy in China Root also concluded treaties of arbitration with more than 20 nations Later as chief counsel for the United States before the Hague Tribunal he settled the controversy between the United States and Great Britain over the North Atlantic coast fisheries For these and other contributions to peace and general world harmony he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace From 1909 to 1915 as a Republican senator from New York Root sided with the William Howard Taft wing of the party After the outbreak of World War I in Europe he openly supported the Allies and was critical of President Woodrow Wilson s policy of neutrality He was a leading Republican supporter of international law and served on the commission of jurists that established the Permanent Court of International Justice 1920 21 President Warren Harding appointed him one of four U S delegates to the International Conference on the Limitation of Armaments 1921 22 In his later years Root worked closely with Andrew Carnegie on programs for international peace and for the advancement of science Comments Share Email Print Cite Last Updated 1 21 2016 You may also be interested in Theodore Roosevelt Charles G Dawes Barack Obama Woodrow Wilson Jimmy Carter George Catlett Marshall Henry A Kissinger Cordell Hull Frank B Kellogg Martin Luther King Jr George H W Bush Al Gore Keep exploring USA Facts Structures of Government Fact or Fiction Countries of the World 5 Harvest Festivals Around the World When Losers Finish First Top 10 Second Place Victories What made you want to look up Elihu Root To From Subject Comments Please limit to 900 characters Cancel Britannica Stories Behind The News Philosophy Religion Healing the Schism Pope Meets Patriarch Behind The News Science Gravitational Waves Observed Spotlight History Thomas Malthus s 250th Birthday See More Stories FEATURED QUIZZES Vocabulary Quiz True or False Spell It See More Quizzes About Us About Our Ads Contact Us Privacy Policy Terms of Use 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Inc MLA style Elihu Root Encyclopædia Britannica Encyclopædia Britannica Online Encyclopædia Britannica Inc 2016 Web 12 Feb 2016 http www britannica com biography Elihu Root APA style Elihu Root 2016 In Encyclopædia Britannica Retrieved from http www britannica com biography Elihu Root Harvard style Elihu Root 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Online Retrieved 12 February 2016 from http www britannica com biography Elihu Root Chicago Manual of Style Encyclopædia Britannica Online s v Elihu Root accessed February 12 2016 http www britannica com biography Elihu Root While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules there may be some discrepancies Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions Update Link Click

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  • John Marshall Harlan | United States jurist [1833-1911] | Britannica.com
    justice during that time He issued a famous dissent in Pollock v Farmers Loan and Trust Co 1895 in which the Court ruled the federal income tax to be unconstitutional and in various cases arising under the Sherman Anti Trust Act of 1890 he insisted that Congress had intended to destroy monopolies entirely not merely to keep them under control Harlan dissented from the Supreme Court s ruling in the Civil Rights cases 1883 that Congress could not punish discrimination against blacks by private persons but only by those acting in an official or state capacity In his dissents in the Insular cases involving overseas territories recently annexed by the United States he opposed the withholding of the Bill of Rights from those unincorporated territories Perhaps the most famous of Harlan s dissents was that in Plessy v Ferguson 1896 the case in which the Supreme Court established the separate but equal principle of racial segregation Asserting that our Constitution is color blind and neither knows nor tolerates classes among citizens he expressed the justified fear that the majority of the court was consigning black citizens of the United States to a permanent condition of legal inferiority From 1954 when the school segregation cases Brown v Board of Education of Topeka and Bolling v Sharpe were decided the court repudiated the separate but equal doctrine and other theories of racial discrimination Comments Share Email Print Cite Last Updated 12 21 2015 You may also be interested in Henry Billings Brown Salmon P Chase Morrison Remick Waite Thurgood Marshall Robert F Kennedy Clarence Thomas Hugo Black William O Douglas Owen Josephus Roberts Harry A Blackmun Samuel Freeman Miller Melville Weston Fuller Keep exploring USA Facts Human Geography Quiz Structures of Government Fact or Fiction International Literary Tour 10 Places Every Lit Lover Should See 9 Infamous Assassins and the World Leaders They Dispatched What made you want to look up John Marshall Harlan To From Subject Comments Please limit to 900 characters Cancel Britannica Stories Behind The News Philosophy Religion Healing the Schism Pope Meets Patriarch Behind The News Science Gravitational Waves Observed Spotlight History Thomas Malthus s 250th Birthday See More Stories FEATURED QUIZZES Vocabulary Quiz True or False Spell It See More Quizzes About Us About Our Ads Contact Us Privacy Policy Terms of Use 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Inc MLA style John Marshall Harlan Encyclopædia Britannica Encyclopædia Britannica Online Encyclopædia Britannica Inc 2016 Web 12 Feb 2016 http www britannica com biography John Marshall Harlan United States jurist 1833 1911 APA style John Marshall Harlan 2016 In Encyclopædia Britannica Retrieved from http www britannica com biography John Marshall Harlan United States jurist 1833 1911 Harvard style John Marshall Harlan 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Online Retrieved 12 February 2016 from http www britannica com biography John Marshall Harlan United States jurist 1833 1911 Chicago Manual of Style Encyclopædia Britannica Online s v John Marshall Harlan accessed February 12 2016 http www britannica com biography John Marshall Harlan United States jurist 1833

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  • J.B.S. Haldane | British geneticist | Britannica.com
    works include Daedalus 1924 Animal Biology with British evolutionist Julian Huxley 1927 The Inequality of Man 1932 The Causes of Evolution 1932 The Marxist Philosophy and the Sciences 1938 Science Advances 1947 and The Biochemistry of Genetics 1954 Selected Genetic Papers of J B S Haldane ed by Krishna R Dronamraju was published in 1990 Comments Share Email Print Cite You may also be interested in Sewall Wright Thomas Henry Huxley Alfred North Whitehead Karl Pearson Sir Arthur Stanley Eddington Francis Harry Compton Crick Sir Ronald Aylmer Fisher Theodosius Dobzhansky John Venn Sir Karl Popper William Bateson William Kingdon Clifford Keep exploring Biology Bonanza Chemistry and Biology Fact or Fiction Science Quiz Editor Picks Top 5 Most Awesome Parasitic Plants A Model of the Cosmos What made you want to look up J B S Haldane To From Subject Comments Please limit to 900 characters Cancel Britannica Stories Behind The News Philosophy Religion Healing the Schism Pope Meets Patriarch Behind The News Science Gravitational Waves Observed Spotlight History Thomas Malthus s 250th Birthday See More Stories FEATURED QUIZZES Vocabulary Quiz True or False Spell It See More Quizzes About Us About Our Ads Contact Us Privacy Policy Terms of Use 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Inc MLA style J B S Haldane Encyclopædia Britannica Encyclopædia Britannica Online Encyclopædia Britannica Inc 2016 Web 12 Feb 2016 http www britannica com biography J B S Haldane APA style J B S Haldane 2016 In Encyclopædia Britannica Retrieved from http www britannica com biography J B S Haldane Harvard style J B S Haldane 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Online Retrieved 12 February 2016 from http www britannica com biography J B S Haldane Chicago Manual of Style Encyclopædia Britannica Online s v J B S Haldane accessed February 12 2016 http www britannica com biography J

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  • Sir Julian Huxley | British biologist | Britannica.com
    sons Anthony Julian Huxley who conducted valuable operational research on aircraft became an authority on exotic garden plants and produced the standard encyclopaedia on mountains and Francis Huxley who became a lecturer in social anthropology at Oxford Cyril Bibby Comments Share Email Print Cite You may also be interested in Thomas Henry Huxley Charles Darwin Étienne Geoffroy Saint Hilaire Sir John Graham Kerr Herbert Spencer Alfred Russel Wallace Jean Baptiste Lamarck William Bateson Ernst Mayr Alfred Sherwood Romer Sir Gavin de Beer Sir Edwin Ray Lankester Keep exploring Biology Bonanza Chemistry and Biology Fact or Fiction Nature Tip of the Iceberg Quiz Britannica Brush ups 5 Vertebrate Groups 7 Vestigial Features of the Human Body What made you want to look up Sir Julian Huxley To From Subject Comments Please limit to 900 characters Cancel Britannica Stories Behind The News Philosophy Religion Healing the Schism Pope Meets Patriarch Behind The News Science Gravitational Waves Observed Spotlight History Thomas Malthus s 250th Birthday See More Stories FEATURED QUIZZES Vocabulary Quiz True or False Spell It See More Quizzes About Us About Our Ads Contact Us Privacy Policy Terms of Use 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Inc MLA style Sir Julian Huxley Encyclopædia Britannica Encyclopædia Britannica Online Encyclopædia Britannica Inc 2016 Web 12 Feb 2016 http www britannica com biography Julian Huxley APA style Sir Julian Huxley 2016 In Encyclopædia Britannica Retrieved from http www britannica com biography Julian Huxley Harvard style Sir Julian Huxley 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Online Retrieved 12 February 2016 from http www britannica com biography Julian Huxley Chicago Manual of Style Encyclopædia Britannica Online s v Sir Julian Huxley accessed February 12 2016 http www britannica com biography Julian Huxley While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules there may be some discrepancies Please refer to the

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