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  • View History: Blue Nile River | river, Africa | Britannica.com
    l Al Azraq as an Arabic name for the river Ahmed Ali John M Cunningham Mar 05 2014 Changed The Sudan to Sudan Amy McKenna Mar 26 2012 Add new Web site Fact Monster World Blue Nile United States Swati Chopra Oct 18 2011 Media added Amy Tikkanen Sep 12 2008 View Changes Revised By FEATURED QUIZZES Vocabulary Quiz True or False Spell It See More Quizzes MORE QUIZZES Human

    Original URL path: http://www.britannica.com/place/Blue-Nile-River/article-history (2016-02-13)
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  • Feedback: Blue Nile River | river, Africa | Britannica.com
    correction Do you have other ideas for improving this article Let us know We d also like to know what sources you ve found that support the changes you d like to see Your feedback has been submitted successfully There was a problem submitting your feedback Please try again later FEATURED QUIZZES Vocabulary Quiz True or False Spell It See More Quizzes MORE QUIZZES In Good Taste Your Body Fact

    Original URL path: http://www.britannica.com/place/Blue-Nile-River/article-feedback (2016-02-13)
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  • Blue Nile River | Encyclopedia Britannica
    Blue Nile River Ethiopia Jialiang Gao www peace on earth org MEDIA FOR Blue Nile River Citation MLA APA Harvard Chicago Email To From Comment You have successfully emailed this

    Original URL path: http://www.britannica.com/place/Blue-Nile-River/images-videos/Blue-Nile-Falls-on-the-Blue-Nile-River-Ethiopia/118584 (2016-02-13)
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  • Nile River | river, Africa | Britannica.com
    south of the Equator and flows northward through northeastern Africa to drain into the Mediterranean Sea It has a length of about 4 132 miles 6 650 kilometres and drains an area estimated at 1 293 000 square miles 3 349 000 square kilometres Its basin includes parts of Tanzania Burundi Rwanda the Democratic Republic of the Congo Kenya Uganda South Sudan Ethiopia Sudan and the cultivated part of Egypt

    Original URL path: http://www.britannica.com/place/Nile-River (2016-02-13)
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  • Khartoum | national capital, Sudan | Britannica.com
    Sudan was completed in 1977 Because of immigration from other regions and from western Africa Khartoum exhibits less of an Arabian cultural influence than its sister towns even though most of its population speaks Arabic Pop 1983 city 476 218 metropolitan area 1 343 651 1993 city 924 505 1990 est metropolitan area 1 950 000 Comments Share Email Print Cite You may also be interested in Africa Wad Madani Al Damāzīn Al Duwaym Sannār Dam Kūstī Sudan eastern Africa Darfur Battle of Omdurman Omdurman Lake Tana Keep exploring Capitals Cities Fact or Fiction Hit the Road Quiz World Cities 9 Unsportsmanlike Sportsmen 12 Peculiar Phobias What made you want to look up Khartoum To From Subject Comments Please limit to 900 characters Cancel Britannica Stories Behind The News Philosophy Religion Healing the Schism Pope Meets Patriarch Behind The News Science Gravitational Waves Observed Spotlight History Thomas Malthus s 250th Birthday See More Stories FEATURED QUIZZES Vocabulary Quiz True or False Spell It See More Quizzes About Us About Our Ads Contact Us Privacy Policy Terms of Use 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Inc MLA style Khartoum Encyclopædia Britannica Encyclopædia Britannica Online Encyclopædia Britannica Inc 2016 Web 12 Feb 2016 http www britannica com place Khartoum APA style Khartoum 2016 In Encyclopædia Britannica Retrieved from http www britannica com place Khartoum Harvard style Khartoum 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Online Retrieved 12 February 2016 from http www britannica com place Khartoum Chicago Manual of Style Encyclopædia Britannica Online s v Khartoum accessed February 12 2016 http www britannica com place Khartoum While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules there may be some discrepancies Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions Update Link Click anywhere inside the article to add text or insert

    Original URL path: http://www.britannica.com/place/Khartoum (2016-02-13)
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  • Ethiopia | history - geography | Britannica.com
    it defeated colonial Italy in the Battle of Adwa and again in 1935 36 when it was invaded and occupied by fascist Italy Liberation during World War II by the Allied powers set the stage for Ethiopia to play a more prominent role in world affairs Ethiopia was among the first independent nations to sign the Charter of the United Nations and it gave moral and material support to the decolonization of Africa and to the growth of Pan African cooperation These efforts culminated in the establishment of the Organization of African Unity since 2002 the African Union and the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa both of which have their headquarters in Addis Ababa Land Quick Facts Images Videos Audio quizzes Lists 1 Amharic is the working language Official name Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Form of government federal republic with two legislative houses House of the Federation 135 House of Peoples Representatives 547 Head of state President Mulatu Teshome Wirtu Head of government Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn Capital Addis Ababa Official language none 1 Official religion none Monetary unit birr Br Population 2014 est 88 955 000 Expand Total area sq mi 410 678 Total area sq km 1 063 652 Urban rural population Urban 2011 17 Rural 2011 83 Life expectancy at birth Male 2012 57 years Female 2012 61 5 years Literacy percentage of population age 15 and over literate Male 2006 53 3 Female 2006 39 3 GNI per capita U S 2013 470 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 16 Next Page Comments Share Email Print Cite Last Updated 10 6 2015 You may also be interested in Africa Awash River eastern Africa Blue Nile River Eastern Rift Valley Denakil Plain Great Rift Valley Kenya Rift Valley Tanzania Somalia Uganda Keep exploring World Wars The Second World War Fact or Fiction World War II Fact or Fiction Food for Thought The Origins of 6 Favorite Foods Ethiopia Table of Contents What made you want to look up Ethiopia To From Subject Comments Please limit to 900 characters Cancel Britannica Stories Behind The News Philosophy Religion Healing the Schism Pope Meets Patriarch Behind The News Science Gravitational Waves Observed Spotlight History Thomas Malthus s 250th Birthday See More Stories FEATURED QUIZZES Vocabulary Quiz True or False Spell It See More Quizzes About Us About Our Ads Contact Us Privacy Policy Terms of Use 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Inc Please select the sections you want to print Select All Table of contents Introduction Land People Economy Government and society Cultural life History Cancel MLA style Ethiopia Encyclopædia Britannica Encyclopædia Britannica Online Encyclopædia Britannica Inc 2016 Web 12 Feb 2016 http www britannica com place Ethiopia APA style Ethiopia 2016 In Encyclopædia Britannica Retrieved from http www britannica com place Ethiopia Harvard style Ethiopia 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Online Retrieved 12 February 2016 from http www britannica com place Ethiopia Chicago Manual of Style Encyclopædia Britannica Online s v Ethiopia accessed February 12 2016 http www

    Original URL path: http://www.britannica.com/place/Ethiopia (2016-02-13)
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  • Sudan | history - geography | Britannica.com
    festooned with dunes and coral reefs Farther south the eastern uplands constitute the foothills of the Ethiopian highland massif Drainage and soils Nile River basin Encyclopædia Britannica Inc The Nile River system is the dominant physical feature and all streams and rivers of Sudan drain either into or toward the Nile It enters the country as the White Nile Baḥr Al Abyaḍ in the southeast about 60 miles 100 km south of Kūstī and maintains an extremely low gradient until it is joined by the Blue Nile Baḥr Al Azraq at Khartoum The Blue Nile which rises in the Ethiopian Plateau contributes much of the floodwaters of the White Nile After the confluence of the White and Blue Niles at Khartoum the river flows in a great northward curving course and is known simply as the Nile Nahr Al Nīl Throughout much of the country however drainage does not reach the Nile the rivers of the southwest infrequently reach the Baḥr Al Ghazāl system and to the north most hill groups initiate seasonal watercourses that are lost in the surrounding plains The surface of the deserts in the north and northeast are either bare rock a mantle of bare waste or sandy expanses of mobile dunes known as ergs In the semiarid zone of north central Sudan the layer of rock waste is slightly modified to form immature soils in the Qawz region soils are brownish red and of low fertility Alluvial soils occur at the desert deltas of Al Qāsh the Gash and Barakah rivers along the White and Blue Niles and in the alluvial plains of the many small rivers radiating from the Marrah Mountains The alkaline soils of the south central plain are heavy cracking clays The soil of the Gezira Al Jazīrah plain south of Khartoum is deep cracking uniform clay that has been deposited during the annual inundations of the Blue Nile Climate In northernmost Sudan northerly winds prevail for most of the year and rainfall is rare To the south of this the seasons are characterized by the north south oscillation of the boundary between moist southerly air and dry northerly air In winter the north winds of the tropical air mass blow across Sudan These winds are relatively cool and dry and usually bring no rain Sometime around May the moist southerly air of the southern maritime air mass moves northward across the country Because of this central and southern Sudan have rainy seasons the total lengths of which vary according to their latitude Sudan is a hot country The central and eastern areas have the highest mean annual temperatures typically ranging from the mid 90s to mid 100s F mid 30s to low 40s C In the west and northwest of the country the highest mean temperatures generally range from the mid 80s to mid 90s F low to mid 30s C The highest temperatures normally occur just before the rainy season The mean minimum temperatures in most of the country range

    Original URL path: http://www.britannica.com/place/Sudan (2016-02-13)
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  • White Nile River | river, Africa | Britannica.com
    Baḥr al Jabal and the Sobat River above Malakal and it flows for about 500 miles 800 km northeast and north past Al Rank Kūstī railway bridge Al Duwaym and Jabal al Awliyāʾ irrigation dam to join the Blue Nile at Khartoum and form the Nile proper This wide and shallow section of the river runs placidly along a small slope and is frequently fringed with swamps The total length

    Original URL path: http://www.britannica.com/place/White-Nile-River (2016-02-13)
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