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  • Sandinista | political and military organization, Nicaragua | Britannica.com
    financed by the United States Humberto Ortega created the 50 000 strong Sandinista Popular Army and Tomás Borge organized a secret police force to guard against espionage and dissent The resignations of various non Marxist members of the Sandinista leadership chiefly over issues of political rights pushed the party and Nicaragua progressively to the left and both became dependent on the support of the Soviet Union and Cuba U S Nicaragua relations in the 1980s Stock footage courtesy The WPA Film Library The Sandinista government confiscated the Somoza family s vast landholdings and nationalized the country s major industries but the central planning typical of Soviet style socialist economies was never adopted and small and medium sized private farms and businesses were tolerated Having committed itself to political pluralism the FSLN grudgingly tolerated moderate opposition groups and agreed to elections only after considerable pressure at home and abroad In 1984 the FSLN won more than 60 of 96 seats in a new National Assembly and sent Daniel Ortega to the presidency in an election that was widely criticized for its lack of safeguards for opposition parties In 1990 however the Nicaraguan populace weary of war and economic depression voted for the 14 parties of the National Opposition Union which formed a government while the Sandinistas relinquished power Though reduced to an opposition party the FSLN retained a considerable power base in the country s army and police forces It also performed strongly in national elections in 1996 the Sandinistas won 37 percent of the vote in parliamentary elections and in 2001 the party captured 42 percent of the vote and won 43 seats in the 90 seat National Assembly The FSLN regained power after its leader Ortega was reelected to the presidency in 2006 The party also won a plurality of seats in the legislature Comments Share Email Print Cite Last Updated 12 16 2014 You may also be interested in Spartacus League Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Labour Party Chinese Communist Party CCP Social Democratic Party of Germany SPD Australian Labor Party ALP Black Panther Party Khmer Rouge FARC Panhellenic Socialist Movement PASOK Lake Nicaragua Young Turks Keep exploring Exploring Latin American History World Organizations Fact or Fiction Around the Caribbean Fact or Fiction 7 Nobel Prize Scandals 5 of the World s Most Devastating Financial Crises What made you want to look up Sandinista To From Subject Comments Please limit to 900 characters Cancel Britannica Stories Behind The News Philosophy Religion Healing the Schism Pope Meets Patriarch Behind The News Science Gravitational Waves Observed Spotlight History Thomas Malthus s 250th Birthday See More Stories FEATURED QUIZZES Vocabulary Quiz True or False Spell It See More Quizzes About Us About Our Ads Contact Us Privacy Policy Terms of Use 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Inc MLA style Sandinista Encyclopædia Britannica Encyclopædia Britannica Online Encyclopædia Britannica Inc 2016 Web 12 Feb 2016 http www britannica com topic Sandinista APA style Sandinista 2016 In Encyclopædia Britannica Retrieved from http www britannica com topic

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  • United States Coast Guard (USCG) | United States military | Britannica.com
    and Principe 2005 AP The peacetime duties of the Coast Guard involve the inspection of vessels and their equipment and the direction and operation of lighthouses lightships buoys and such electronic navigational aids as loran long range navigation stations and radio beacons The Coast Guard maintains an extensive network of lifeboat and search and rescue stations using surface vessels and aircraft It also operates the International Ice Patrol which maintains surveillance of icebergs in the North Atlantic shipping lanes The USCG also gathers data for the National Weather Service and assists distressed ships and planes Wartime duties include escorting ships securing ports and manning transports The Coast Guard also assists in the interdiction of illegal narcotics that enter the United States on or over coastal waters The Coast Guard s organization parallels that of the U S Navy and Coast Guard ranks and ratings are identical to those of the Navy The two services uniforms are also similar The USCG is headed by a Coast Guard admiral who is appointed by the president Coast Guard Reserve was established in 1939 Women have been permitted to serve in the regular Coast Guard since 1973 The U S Coast Guard Academy is located in New London Connecticut Comments Share Email Print Cite You may also be interested in The United States Army The United States Navy USN Pentagon United States Coast Guard Academy Mississippi River Yellowstone National Park Tea Party movement White House Grand Canyon Appalachian Mountains Yosemite National Park Declaration of Independence Keep exploring USA Facts World Organizations Fact or Fiction Around the Caribbean Fact or Fiction Editor Picks 8 Best Books Over 900 Pages Britannica Brush ups 12 Greek Gods and Goddesses What made you want to look up United States Coast Guard USCG To From Subject Comments Please limit to 900 characters Cancel Britannica Stories Behind The News Philosophy Religion Healing the Schism Pope Meets Patriarch Behind The News Science Gravitational Waves Observed Spotlight History Thomas Malthus s 250th Birthday See More Stories FEATURED QUIZZES Vocabulary Quiz True or False Spell It See More Quizzes About Us About Our Ads Contact Us Privacy Policy Terms of Use 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Inc MLA style United States Coast Guard USCG Encyclopædia Britannica Encyclopædia Britannica Online Encyclopædia Britannica Inc 2016 Web 12 Feb 2016 http www britannica com topic United States Coast Guard APA style United States Coast Guard USCG 2016 In Encyclopædia Britannica Retrieved from http www britannica com topic United States Coast Guard Harvard style United States Coast Guard USCG 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Online Retrieved 12 February 2016 from http www britannica com topic United States Coast Guard Chicago Manual of Style Encyclopædia Britannica Online s v United States Coast Guard USCG accessed February 12 2016 http www britannica com topic United States Coast Guard While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules there may be some discrepancies Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions Update Link Click anywhere

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  • Young Turks | Turkish nationalist movement | Britannica.com
    their rise to power the Young Turks introduced programs that promoted the modernization of the Ottoman Empire and a new spirit of Turkish nationalism Their handling of foreign affairs however resulted in the dissolution of the Ottoman state In 1889 a group of students in the Imperial Medical Academy in Istanbul initiated a conspiracy against Abdülhamid that spread rapidly to other colleges in the city When the 100 of 637

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  • Radical Republican | American history | Britannica.com
    pursue Lincoln s lenient Reconstruction policies The Radicals turned on him formed the Joint Committee on Reconstruction the so called Joint Committee of Fifteen made up nine members of the House and six senators with only three Democrats among them to ensure congressional rather than presidential control of Reconstruction and passed a number of measures for the protection of Southern blacks over Johnson s veto Johnson Andrew impeachment trial U S Senate Johnson attempted to break the Radicals power by uniting all moderates and by going on an extensive speaking tour during the 1866 congressional elections But the strategy failed and the Radicals won a resounding victory They then showed their displeasure with Johnson by passing the Tenure of Office Act over Johnson s veto restricting the president s ability to remove civil officers When Johnson proceeded to remove Secretary of War Edwin M Stanton in violation of the Tenure of Office Act the House of Representatives voted to impeach him and the Senate failed by just one vote to remove him from office The Radical Republicans most important measures were contained in the Reconstruction Acts of 1867 and 1868 which placed the Southern states under military government and required universal manhood suffrage Despite the Radical program however white control over Southern state governments was gradually restored Such terrorist organizations as the Ku Klux Klan and Knights of the White Camelia were successful in frightening African Americans away from the polls and zeal for continued military occupation of the South waned in the North By 1877 Reconstruction was at an end Davis Henry Winter Library of Congress Washington D C Radical Republicans never really existed as a cohesive group They were united only by their common commitment to emancipation and racial justice On other issues such as hard soft money labour reform and protectionism they were often divided Radical leaders included Henry Winter Davis Thaddeus Stevens and Benjamin Butler in the House and Charles Sumner Benjamin Wade and Zachariah Chandler in the Senate Comments Share Email Print Cite Last Updated 5 5 2015 You may also be interested in Union League Copperhead American Colonization Society The Liberator War Democrat Kansas Nebraska Act Andersonville National Historic Site Appomattox Court House Force Acts Harpers Ferry National Historical Park Grand Army of the Republic GAR Loyal Publication Society Keep exploring USA Facts All American History Quiz American History and Politics 7 Alphabet Soup Agencies that Stuck Around 7 Monarchs with Unfortunate Nicknames What made you want to look up Radical Republican To From Subject Comments Please limit to 900 characters Cancel Britannica Stories Behind The News Philosophy Religion Healing the Schism Pope Meets Patriarch Behind The News Science Gravitational Waves Observed Spotlight History Thomas Malthus s 250th Birthday See More Stories FEATURED QUIZZES Vocabulary Quiz True or False Spell It See More Quizzes About Us About Our Ads Contact Us Privacy Policy Terms of Use 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Inc MLA style Radical Republican Encyclopædia Britannica Encyclopædia Britannica Online Encyclopædia Britannica Inc 2016 Web

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  • Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) | Britannica.com
    was completed in 1885 Anticipating the gold rush of 1898 the Mounties preceded the first wave of prospectors to the Yukon As more than 300 000 settlers poured into Canada after the turn of the 20th century the Mounties were of considerable assistance to those inexperienced in wilderness survival In 1904 the prefix Royal was added to their name and in 1920 when it became a federal force throughout Canada the present name was adopted and the headquarters were moved from Regina to Ottawa In the 1930s the marine and air divisions the dog section and the first of three crime detection laboratories were added to the force Between 1940 and 1942 the RCMP vessel St Roch became the first ship to complete the west to east journey through the Northwest Passage and upon returning east to west in 1944 was first to make the trip in both directions The facilities of the national police service of the RCMP crime detection laboratories and the identification branch of the force are available to all authorized police forces The RCMP sponsored Canadian Police College is attended by selected members of the force and outside forces The RCMP is a member of the International Criminal Police Organization Interpol Comments Share Email Print Cite You may also be interested in Appalachian Mountains Banff National Park Mackenzie River Hudson Bay Fraser River Vancouver Island Canadian Pacific Railway Ltd CP Jasper National Park flag of Canada Trans Canada Highway Rideau Canal Great Slave Lake Keep exploring Exploring Canada Fact or Fiction World Organizations Fact or Fiction European History 7 Winter Solstice Celebrations From Around the World The Six Deadliest Earthquakes since 1950 What made you want to look up Royal Canadian Mounted Police RCMP To From Subject Comments Please limit to 900 characters Cancel Britannica Stories Behind The News Philosophy Religion Healing the Schism Pope Meets Patriarch Behind The News Science Gravitational Waves Observed Spotlight History Thomas Malthus s 250th Birthday See More Stories FEATURED QUIZZES Vocabulary Quiz True or False Spell It See More Quizzes About Us About Our Ads Contact Us Privacy Policy Terms of Use 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Inc MLA style Royal Canadian Mounted Police RCMP Encyclopædia Britannica Encyclopædia Britannica Online Encyclopædia Britannica Inc 2016 Web 12 Feb 2016 http www britannica com topic Royal Canadian Mounted Police APA style Royal Canadian Mounted Police RCMP 2016 In Encyclopædia Britannica Retrieved from http www britannica com topic Royal Canadian Mounted Police Harvard style Royal Canadian Mounted Police RCMP 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Online Retrieved 12 February 2016 from http www britannica com topic Royal Canadian Mounted Police Chicago Manual of Style Encyclopædia Britannica Online s v Royal Canadian Mounted Police RCMP accessed February 12 2016 http www britannica com topic Royal Canadian Mounted Police While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules there may be some discrepancies Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions Update Link Click anywhere inside the article to add text

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  • World Organizations: Fact or Fiction Quiz | Britannica.com
    the higher your score When you re done try again to beat your best score vm state secondsLeft fixedLength 2 QUESTION vm state currentQuestion 1 of vm questions length Timer Score vm state score World Organizations Fact or Fiction vm state secondsLeft fixedLength 2 QUESTION vm state currentQuestion 1 of vm questions length Timer Score vm state score World Organizations Fact or Fiction 0 vm state nextLabel Quiz Results World Organizations Fact or Fiction vm state numberCorrect vm questions length correct vm state score vm maxPoints points Replay Share your score Log in to save your score History President of the United States Fact or Fiction Food Caviar Quiz Animals Crustaceans Fact or Fiction Science Clouds Fact or Fiction Geography Passage Through India Are you a Quizmaster Log in to save your score and compete against the community Compare your score Max Score vm maxPoints New Best Score vm state score vm communityAverage number 0 Your Score Community Average High scores Your results vm state responsesVisible Hide Show Answers Questions Correct vm state numberCorrect vm questions length Total Score vm state score vm maxPoints Question Question index 1 Your Answer No response vm state responses index isCorrect Your Correct Answer

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  • The United States: Fact or Fiction Quiz | Britannica.com
    The faster you answer the higher your score When you re done try again to beat your best score vm state secondsLeft fixedLength 2 QUESTION vm state currentQuestion 1 of vm questions length Timer Score vm state score The United States Fact or Fiction vm state secondsLeft fixedLength 2 QUESTION vm state currentQuestion 1 of vm questions length Timer Score vm state score The United States Fact or Fiction 0 vm state nextLabel Quiz Results The United States Fact or Fiction vm state numberCorrect vm questions length correct vm state score vm maxPoints points Replay Share your score Log in to save your score Geography Exploring Chile Fact or Fiction Literature Language The Literary World Authors Poets Sports Recreation Ready Set Know History History Randomizer Animals The Animals of Asia Are you a Quizmaster Log in to save your score and compete against the community Compare your score Max Score vm maxPoints New Best Score vm state score vm communityAverage number 0 Your Score Community Average High scores Your results vm state responsesVisible Hide Show Answers Questions Correct vm state numberCorrect vm questions length Total Score vm state score vm maxPoints Question Question index 1 Your Answer No response vm

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  • Web sites: Japan earthquake and tsunami of 2011 | Britannica.com
    students Japan earthquake and tsunami of 2011 Student Encyclopedia Ages 11 and up In March 2011 Japan was struck by a powerful underwater earthquake centered in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Honshu the country s main island The quake caused widespread damage on land and triggered a series of large tsunami waves that devastated many coastal areas of Japan most notably northeastern Honshu The tsunami also caused a

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