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  • Hawaii | history - geography - state, United States | Britannica.com
    U S dominance Hawaii after statehood Hawaii constituent state of the United States of America Hawaii Hawaiian Hawai i became the 50th U S state on August 21 1959 Hawaii is a group of volcanic islands in the central Pacific Ocean The islands lie 2 397 miles 3 857 km from San Francisco California to the east and 5 293 miles 8 516 km from Manila in the Philippines to the west The capital is Honolulu located on the island of Oahu Hawaii steep cliffs on the Pacific coast John Wang Getty Images Hawaii was characterized by Mark Twain as the loveliest fleet of islands that lies anchored in any ocean The name is thought to derive from Hawaiki the former name 100 of 7 815 words Quick Facts Images Videos 1 Excluding military abroad Capital Honolulu Population 1 2010 1 360 301 2014 est 1 419 561 Total area sq mi 10 970 Total area sq km 28 412 Governor David Y Ige Democrat State nickname Aloha State Date of admission Aug 21 1959 State motto Ua Mau Ke Ea O Ka Aina I Ka Pono The Life of the Land Is Perpetuated in Righteousness State bird nene Hawaiian

    Original URL path: http://www.britannica.com/place/Hawaii-state (2016-02-13)
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  • Aleutian Islands | archipelago, Pacific Ocean | Britannica.com
    100 miles 1 800 km from the tip of the Alaska Peninsula to Attu Island Alaska U S The Aleutians occupy a total area of 6 821 square miles 17 666 square km Land Pacific Rim Encyclopædia Britannica Inc The archipelago consists of 14 large islands some 55 smaller islands and innumerable islets Nearly all of them are part of the U S state of Alaska The major island groups

    Original URL path: http://www.britannica.com/place/Aleutian-Islands (2016-02-13)
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  • Oregon | history - geography - state, United States | Britannica.com
    publishing History The explorers Permanent U S settlement Statehood and growth Oregon constituent state of the United States of America Oregon is bounded to the north by Washington state from which it receives the waters of the Columbia River to the east by Idaho more than half the border with which is formed by the winding Snake River and Hells Canyon to the south by Nevada and California with which Oregon shares its mountain and desert systems and to the west by the Pacific Ocean which produces the moderate climate of Oregon s western lands The capital is Salem in the northwestern part of the state Crater Lake Scenics of America PhotoLink Getty Images Admitted to the union 100 of 6 983 words Quick Facts Images Videos 1 Excluding military abroad Capital Salem Population 1 2010 3 831 074 2014 est 3 970 239 Total area sq mi 98 379 Total area sq km 254 800 Governor John Kitzhaber Democrat State nickname Beaver State Date of admission Feb 14 1859 State motto She Flies with Her Own Wings State bird western meadowlark State flower Oregon grape State song Oregon My Oregon U S senators Ron Wyden Democrat Jeff Merkley Democrat

    Original URL path: http://www.britannica.com/place/Oregon-state (2016-02-13)
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  • Sulzberger Ice Shelf | Antarctica | Britannica.com
    Web 12 Feb 2016 http www britannica com topic Sulzberger Ice Shelf APA style Sulzberger Ice Shelf 2016 In Encyclopædia Britannica Retrieved from http www britannica com topic Sulzberger Ice Shelf Harvard style Sulzberger Ice Shelf 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Online Retrieved 12 February 2016 from http www britannica com topic Sulzberger Ice Shelf Chicago Manual of Style Encyclopædia Britannica Online s v Sulzberger Ice Shelf accessed February 12 2016 http www britannica com topic Sulzberger Ice Shelf While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules there may be some discrepancies Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions Update Link Click anywhere inside the article to add text or insert superscripts subscripts and special characters You can also highlight a section and use the tools in this bar to modify existing content Add links to related Britannica articles You can double click any word or highlight a word or phrase in the text below and then select an article from the search box Or simply highlight a word or phrase in the article then enter the article name or term you d like to link to in the search box below and select from the list of results Note we do not allow links to external resources in editor Please click the Web sites link for this article to add citations for external Web sites Editing Tools Tips for Editing Leave Edit Mode Submit We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles You can make it easier for us to review and hopefully publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind Encyclopaedia Britannica articles are written in a neutral objective tone for a general audience You may find it helpful to search within the site to see

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  • Kobe earthquake of 1995 | Japan | Britannica.com
    than 14 000 injured and more than 120 000 damaged structures more than half of which were fully collapsed Portions of the Hanshin Expressway linking Kōbe and Ōsaka also collapsed or were heavily damaged during the earthquake Kōbe earthquake of 1995 burning and collapsed buildings Dr Roger Hutchison NGDC The earthquake was notable for exposing the vulnerability of the infrastructure Authorities who had proclaimed the superior earthquake resistance capabilities of Japanese construction were quickly proved wrong by the collapse of numerous supposedly earthquake resistant buildings rail lines elevated highways and port facilities in the Kōbe area Although most of the buildings that had been constructed according to new building codes withstood the earthquake many others particularly older wood frame houses did not The transportation network was completely paralyzed and the inadequacy of national disaster preparedness was also exposed The government was heavily criticized for its slow and ineffectual response as well as its initial refusal to accept help from foreign countries In the aftermath of the Kōbe disaster roads bridges and buildings were reinforced against another earthquake and the national government revised its disaster response policies its response to the 2004 quake in Niigata prefecture was much faster and more effective An emergency transportation network was also devised and evacuation centres and shelters were set up in Kōbe by the Hyōgo prefectural government Comments Share Email Print Cite Last Updated 3 25 2014 You may also be interested in Tokyo Yokohama earthquake of 1923 kamikaze of 1274 and 1281 World War II World War I Treaty of Versailles Tokugawa Ieyasu Russian Civil War Douglas MacArthur Pearl Harbor attack Russo Japanese War Abe Shinzo Millard Fillmore Keep exploring Mountains and the Sea Fact or Fiction Natural Disasters Fact or Fiction Journey Around the World 7 Notorious Women Criminals Swashbuckling Sisters 6 Lady Pirates What made you want to look up K ō be earthquake of 1995 To From Subject Comments Please limit to 900 characters Cancel Britannica Stories Behind The News Philosophy Religion Healing the Schism Pope Meets Patriarch Behind The News Science Gravitational Waves Observed Spotlight History Thomas Malthus s 250th Birthday See More Stories FEATURED QUIZZES Vocabulary Quiz True or False Spell It See More Quizzes About Us About Our Ads Contact Us Privacy Policy Terms of Use 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Inc MLA style Kobe earthquake of 1995 Encyclopædia Britannica Encyclopædia Britannica Online Encyclopædia Britannica Inc 2016 Web 12 Feb 2016 http www britannica com event Kobe earthquake of 1995 APA style Kobe earthquake of 1995 2016 In Encyclopædia Britannica Retrieved from http www britannica com event Kobe earthquake of 1995 Harvard style Kobe earthquake of 1995 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Online Retrieved 12 February 2016 from http www britannica com event Kobe earthquake of 1995 Chicago Manual of Style Encyclopædia Britannica Online s v Kobe earthquake of 1995 accessed February 12 2016 http www britannica com event Kobe earthquake of 1995 While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules there may be some discrepancies Please refer

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  • Tokyo-Yokohama earthquake of 1923 | Japan | Britannica.com
    World War I Treaty of Versailles Tokugawa Ieyasu Russian Civil War Douglas MacArthur Pearl Harbor attack Keep exploring Mountains and the Sea Fact or Fiction Natural Disasters Fact or Fiction Journey Around the World Editor Picks Our Favorite Harry Potter Characters 7 Puzzling Plane Disappearances What made you want to look up Tokyo Yokohama earthquake of 1923 To From Subject Comments Please limit to 900 characters Cancel FEATURED QUIZZES Vocabulary Quiz True or False Spell It See More Quizzes MORE QUIZZES Plain English Grammar Quiz Characters in Literature See More Quizzes About Us About Our Ads Contact Us Privacy Policy Terms of Use 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Inc MLA style Tokyo Yokohama earthquake of 1923 Encyclopædia Britannica Encyclopædia Britannica Online Encyclopædia Britannica Inc 2016 Web 12 Feb 2016 http www britannica com event Tokyo Yokohama earthquake of 1923 APA style Tokyo Yokohama earthquake of 1923 2016 In Encyclopædia Britannica Retrieved from http www britannica com event Tokyo Yokohama earthquake of 1923 Harvard style Tokyo Yokohama earthquake of 1923 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Online Retrieved 12 February 2016 from http www britannica com event Tokyo Yokohama earthquake of 1923 Chicago Manual of Style Encyclopædia Britannica Online s v Tokyo Yokohama earthquake of 1923 accessed February 12 2016 http www britannica com event Tokyo Yokohama earthquake of 1923 While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules there may be some discrepancies Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions Update Link Click anywhere inside the article to add text or insert superscripts subscripts and special characters You can also highlight a section and use the tools in this bar to modify existing content Add links to related Britannica articles You can double click any word or highlight a word or phrase in the text

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  • kamikaze of 1274 and 1281 | Britannica.com
    other fighting men a massive typhoon hit wrecking the Mongol fleet and once again foiling the invasion attempt The invading forces suffered tremendous casualties with at least half the Mongol warriors drowning and all but a few hundred ships from the fleet perishing during the storm Most of the men who survived the storm were hunted down and killed by the samurai over the following days Only a small fraction of Kublai Khan s original force returned home from this ill fated expedition one of the largest and most disastrous attempts at a naval invasion in history Literally meaning divine wind the term kamikaze was coined in honour of the 1281 typhoon as it was perceived to be a gift from the gods supposedly granted after a retired emperor went on a pilgrimage and prayed for divine intervention The term was later used in World War II to refer to the Japanese suicide pilots who deliberately crashed their planes into enemy targets usually ships Comments Share Email Print Cite You may also be interested in Kōbe earthquake of 1995 Tokyo Yokohama earthquake of 1923 World War II World War I Treaty of Versailles Tokugawa Ieyasu Russian Civil War Douglas MacArthur Pearl Harbor attack Russo Japanese War Abe Shinzo Millard Fillmore Keep exploring Natural Disasters Fact or Fiction Mountains and the Sea Fact or Fiction Journey Around the World 7 Notorious Women Criminals All the World s a Stage 6 Places in Shakespeare Then and Now What made you want to look up kamikaze of 1274 and 1281 To From Subject Comments Please limit to 900 characters Cancel Britannica Stories Behind The News Philosophy Religion Healing the Schism Pope Meets Patriarch Behind The News Science Gravitational Waves Observed Spotlight History Thomas Malthus s 250th Birthday See More Stories FEATURED QUIZZES Vocabulary Quiz True or False Spell It See More Quizzes About Us About Our Ads Contact Us Privacy Policy Terms of Use 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Inc MLA style kamikaze of 1274 and 1281 Encyclopædia Britannica Encyclopædia Britannica Online Encyclopædia Britannica Inc 2016 Web 12 Feb 2016 http www britannica com event kamikaze of 1274 and 1281 APA style kamikaze of 1274 and 1281 2016 In Encyclopædia Britannica Retrieved from http www britannica com event kamikaze of 1274 and 1281 Harvard style kamikaze of 1274 and 1281 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Online Retrieved 12 February 2016 from http www britannica com event kamikaze of 1274 and 1281 Chicago Manual of Style Encyclopædia Britannica Online s v kamikaze of 1274 and 1281 accessed February 12 2016 http www britannica com event kamikaze of 1274 and 1281 While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules there may be some discrepancies Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions Update Link Click anywhere inside the article to add text or insert superscripts subscripts and special characters You can also highlight a section and use the tools in this bar to modify existing content Add links to

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  • Treaty of Versailles | 1919 | Britannica.com
    June 28 1919 it took force on January 10 1920 A brief treatment of the Treaty of Versailles follows For full treatment see international relations Peacemaking 1919 22 When the German government asked U S Pres Woodrow Wilson to arrange a general armistice in October 1918 it declared that it accepted the Fourteen Points he had formulated as the basis for a just peace However the Allies demanded compensation by

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