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  • Morehouse College | college, Atlanta, Georgia, United States | Britannica.com
    include Martin Luther King Jr civil rights leader Julian Bond and filmmaker Spike Lee Comments Share Email Print Cite Last Updated 8 6 2014 You may also be interested in Spelman College Wellesley College Emory University Tuskegee University Mount Holyoke College Smith College Oberlin College Boston College Vassar College Union College Fisk University Middlebury College Keep exploring World Organizations Fact or Fiction Name That Author Islam The Six Deadliest Earthquakes since 1950 7 Winter Solstice Celebrations From Around the World What made you want to look up Morehouse College To From Subject Comments Please limit to 900 characters Cancel Britannica Stories Behind The News Philosophy Religion Healing the Schism Pope Meets Patriarch Behind The News Science Gravitational Waves Observed Spotlight History Thomas Malthus s 250th Birthday See More Stories FEATURED QUIZZES Vocabulary Quiz True or False Spell It See More Quizzes About Us About Our Ads Contact Us Privacy Policy Terms of Use 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Inc MLA style Morehouse College Encyclopædia Britannica Encyclopædia Britannica Online Encyclopædia Britannica Inc 2016 Web 12 Feb 2016 http www britannica com topic Morehouse College APA style Morehouse College 2016 In Encyclopædia Britannica Retrieved from http www britannica com topic Morehouse College Harvard style Morehouse College 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Online Retrieved 12 February 2016 from http www britannica com topic Morehouse College Chicago Manual of Style Encyclopædia Britannica Online s v Morehouse College accessed February 12 2016 http www britannica com topic Morehouse College While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules there may be some discrepancies Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions Update Link Click anywhere inside the article to add text or insert superscripts subscripts and special characters You can also highlight a section and use the tools in this

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  • president | government official | Britannica.com
    are similar to those of the president of the United States In contrast to the Americas most western European nations have parliamentary systems of government in which executive authority is vested in cabinets responsible to parliaments The cabinet s head and the leader of the majority in parliament is the prime minister who is the actual chief executive officer of the nation In most of these governments the president serves as a titular or ceremonial head of state though in the constitutional monarchies such as Spain the United Kingdom and the countries of Scandinavia this role is performed by the king or queen Various methods of selecting presidents have been adopted For example in Austria Ireland and Portugal the president is directly elected Germany and Italy utilize an electoral college while presidents are appointed by the parliament in Israel and Greece At the behest of Charles de Gaulle the constitution of the Fifth Republic of France 1958 endowed the office of president with formidable executive powers including the power to dissolve the national legislature and call national referenda The elected French president appoints the premier who must be able to command the support of a majority in the lower house of France s legislature the National Assembly When he is able to appoint a premier representing his own party or coalition the president retains most political authority and the premier is charged with managing the president s legislative agenda After the Socialist Party of President François Mitterrand was defeated in parliamentary elections in 1986 Mitterrand was forced to appoint a premier Jacques Chirac from the ranks of the opposition a situation that came to be known as cohabitation Although the French constitution had not anticipated the possibility of an executive divided by party the two men informally agreed that the president would control foreign relations and national defense and the premier would handle domestic policy an arrangement that was followed during subsequent cohabitational periods After the fall of communism in the Soviet Union and eastern Europe 1989 91 a number of countries including Russia Poland and Bulgaria created presidential offices similar to that of the French Comments Share Email Print Cite You may also be interested in presidency of the United States of America Presidents of the United States United States Presidential Election Results government vice president of the United States of America ombudsman pharaoh tennō secretary general emperor prime minister head of state Keep exploring Structures of Government Fact or Fiction U S Presidents Facts Presidents of the United States Quiz Bad Words 8 Banned Books Through Time Britannica Brush ups First Americans What made you want to look up president To From Subject Comments Please limit to 900 characters Cancel Britannica Stories Behind The News Philosophy Religion Healing the Schism Pope Meets Patriarch Behind The News Science Gravitational Waves Observed Spotlight History Thomas Malthus s 250th Birthday See More Stories FEATURED QUIZZES Vocabulary Quiz True or False Spell It See More Quizzes About Us About Our Ads Contact

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  • Benjamin Mays | American political activist | Britannica.com
    Britannica Encyclopædia Britannica Online Encyclopædia Britannica Inc 2016 Web 12 Feb 2016 http www britannica com biography Benjamin Mays APA style Benjamin Mays 2016 In Encyclopædia Britannica Retrieved from http www britannica com biography Benjamin Mays Harvard style Benjamin Mays 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Online Retrieved 12 February 2016 from http www britannica com biography Benjamin Mays Chicago Manual of Style Encyclopædia Britannica Online s v Benjamin Mays accessed February 12 2016 http www britannica com biography Benjamin Mays While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules there may be some discrepancies Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions Update Link Click anywhere inside the article to add text or insert superscripts subscripts and special characters You can also highlight a section and use the tools in this bar to modify existing content Add links to related Britannica articles You can double click any word or highlight a word or phrase in the text below and then select an article from the search box Or simply highlight a word or phrase in the article then enter the article name or term you d like to link to in the search box below and select from the list of results Note we do not allow links to external resources in editor Please click the Web sites link for this article to add citations for external Web sites Editing Tools Tips for Editing Leave Edit Mode Submit We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles You can make it easier for us to review and hopefully publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind Encyclopaedia Britannica articles are written in a neutral objective tone for a general audience You may find it helpful to search within the site to

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  • church | Christianity | Britannica.com
    In the Septuagint Greek translation of the Old Testament 3rd 2nd century bc the term ekklēsia is used for the general assembly of the Jewish people especially when gathered for a religious purpose such as hearing the Law e g Deuteronomy 9 10 18 16 In the New Testament it is used of the entire body of believing Christians throughout the world 100 of 556 words About Us About Our

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  • Chester | Pennsylvania, United States | Britannica.com
    Swedish crown to a bodyguard of Johan Printz the governor of New Sweden in 1644 After 1655 Dutch settlers joined the Swedes in establishing the town of Upland William Markham the deputy governor to William Penn located his seat of government in Upland when he arrived in 1681 to establish the English colony of Pennsylvania Upon Penn s arrival in 1682 the province s first assembly was 100 of 281

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  • Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi | Indian leader | Britannica.com
    on long solitary walks when he was not nursing his by then ailing father who died soon thereafter or helping his mother with her household chores He had learned in his words to carry out the orders of the elders not to scan them With such extreme passivity it is not surprising that he should have gone through a phase of adolescent rebellion marked by secret atheism petty thefts furtive smoking and most shocking of all for a boy born in a Vaishnava family meat eating His adolescence was probably no stormier than that of most children of his age and class What was extraordinary was the way his youthful transgressions ended Never again was his promise to himself after each escapade And he kept his promise Beneath an unprepossessing exterior he concealed a burning passion for self improvement that led him to take even the heroes of Hindu mythology such as Prahlada and Harishcandra legendary embodiments of truthfulness and sacrifice as living models In 1887 Mohandas scraped through the matriculation examination of the University of Bombay now University of Mumbai and joined Samaldas College in Bhavnagar Bhaunagar As he had to suddenly switch from his native language Gujarati to English he found it rather difficult to follow the lectures Meanwhile his family was debating his future Left to himself he would have liked to have been a doctor But besides the Vaishnava prejudice against vivisection it was clear that if he was to keep up the family tradition of holding high office in one of the states in Gujarat he would have to qualify as a barrister That meant a visit to England and Mohandas who was not too happy at Samaldas College jumped at the proposal His youthful imagination conceived England as a land of philosophers and poets the very centre of civilization But there were several hurdles to be crossed before the visit to England could be realized His father had left the family little property moreover his mother was reluctant to expose her youngest child to unknown temptations and dangers in a distant land But Mohandas was determined to visit England One of his brothers raised the necessary money and his mother s doubts were allayed when he took a vow that while away from home he would not touch wine women or meat Mohandas disregarded the last obstacle the decree of the leaders of the Modh Bania subcaste Vaishya caste to which the Gandhis belonged who forbade his trip to England as a violation of the Hindu religion and sailed in September 1888 Ten days after his arrival he joined the Inner Temple one of the four London law colleges The Temple Images Videos quizzes Lists 1 2 3 4 5 Next Page Comments Share Email Print Cite Last Updated 5 14 2015 You may also be interested in Tendulkar on Gandhi Mirabehn Mohammed Ali Jinnah Vinoba Bhave Jawaharlal Nehru Bal Gangadhar Tilak Subhas Chandra Bose Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel Sarojini Naidu Jaya Prakash Narayan Kasturba

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  • Boston University | university, Boston, Massachusetts, United States | Britannica.com
    Howard Shaw and David Hemery Comments Share Email Print Cite You may also be interested in Northeastern University Harvard University Massachusetts Institute of Technology MIT Johns Hopkins University Tufts University Emory University Clark University University of Massachusetts Denison University Brandeis University New England Conservatory of Music Emerson College Keep exploring World Organizations Fact or Fiction Shakespearean Plays Fact or Fiction Chicago History Fact or Fiction 5 Good Books That Inspired Bad Deeds Order in the Court 10 Trials of the Century What made you want to look up Boston University To From Subject Comments Please limit to 900 characters Cancel FEATURED QUIZZES Vocabulary Quiz True or False Spell It See More Quizzes MORE QUIZZES Caliphs and Caliphates Mohandas Gandhi Fact or Fiction Cross gender Pseudonyms See More Quizzes About Us About Our Ads Contact Us Privacy Policy Terms of Use 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Inc MLA style Boston University Encyclopædia Britannica Encyclopædia Britannica Online Encyclopædia Britannica Inc 2016 Web 12 Feb 2016 http www britannica com topic Boston University APA style Boston University 2016 In Encyclopædia Britannica Retrieved from http www britannica com topic Boston University Harvard style Boston University 2016 Encyclopædia Britannica Online Retrieved 12 February 2016 from http www britannica com topic Boston University Chicago Manual of Style Encyclopædia Britannica Online s v Boston University accessed February 12 2016 http www britannica com topic Boston University While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules there may be some discrepancies Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions Update Link Click anywhere inside the article to add text or insert superscripts subscripts and special characters You can also highlight a section and use the tools in this bar to modify existing content Add links to related Britannica articles You can

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  • Paul Tillich | American theologian and philosopher | Britannica.com
    transforming the world into a new state of being But ideas rather than political activity were his main interest At teaching posts in the universities of Berlin Marburg Dresden Leipzig and Frankfurt he participated eagerly in discussion groups searching for a new understanding of the human situation He also wrote extensively publishing more than 100 essays articles and reviews in the period 1919 33 In most of these writings Tillich was using the insight he had gained at Halle as a norm in analyses of religion and culture the meaning of history and contemporary social problems The remarkable work Das System der Wissenschaften nach Gegenständen und Methoden The System of the Sciences According to Their Subjects and Methods 1923 was his first attempt to render a systematic account of man s spiritual endeavours from this point of view As early as 1925 in Marburg he was also at work on what was to become his major opus Systematic Theology 3 vol 1951 63 Departure from Nazi Germany Tillich s passionate concern for freedom made him an early critic of Hitler and the Nazi movement and in retaliation he was barred from German universities in 1933 the first non Jewish academician to be so honoured as he wryly put it He then accepted an invitation to join the faculty at Union Theological Seminary in New York and despite initial difficulties with a new language and adapting his thought pattern to pragmatic American mental habits he emerged as an apostle to the skeptics in his new homeland during the years following World War II At Union Seminary 1933 55 Harvard University 1955 62 and the University of Chicago 1962 65 he engaged graduate and undergraduate students in searching dialogue concerning the meaning of human existence His public lectures and books reached large audiences who did not usually show an interest in religious questions In his most widely read books The Courage to Be and Dynamics of Faith he argued that the deepest concern of humans drives them into confrontation with a reality that transcends their own finite existence Tillich s discussion of the human situation in these books shows a profound grasp of the problems brought to light by modern psychoanalysis and existentialist philosophy Principal work The publication of his Systematic Theology made available the results of a lifetime of thought The most novel feature of this work is its method of correlation which makes theology a dialogue relating questions asked by man s probing reason to answers given in revelatory experience and received in faith theonomy s answers to autonomy s questions The dialogue of Systematic Theology is in five parts each an intrinsic element in the system as a whole questions about the powers and limits of man s reason prepare him for answers given in revelation questions about the nature of being lead to answers revealing God as the ground of being questions about the meaning of existence are answered by the New Being made manifest in Jesus Christ

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