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  • BT | A | Works » The Independent Purveyors of Caffeine in the City of Vancouver
    of Vancouver by Plan Area Please excuse difference between the map viewers as we are experimenting between ArcGIS Online and ArcGIS Explorer Online and would like to hear from readers about your preferences Independents have a tendency of appearing in clusters throughout the City of Vancouver While one ought to note the effects of land use zoning which in the City of Vancouver tends to concentrate commercial and retail activities on to main arterials and designated high streets Independents tend to locate near one another The best example of this occurs on 3 blocks of Commercial Drive 1200 to 1400 blocks in Grandview Woodlands with 4 Independents Moreover outside of Downtown certain street segments on Broadway West 4th Avenue Fraser Dunbar Kingsway and Hastings can be defined by the presence of Independents and Chains These segments are often located in neighbourhoods with some of the strongest urban identities in the City This short series of studies in Independents and Chain Coffee and Teahouses in the City of Vancouver occurs in the intersection of community and commerce As third spaces a space that is neither work or home cafes and coffee shops have always had role in the life of the City Indeed coffee and tea houses have been remarkable institutions in the urban landscape where events like the French Revolution first brewed in the coffeehouses of Paris Forward to Vancouver today coffee and tea houses in Vancouver have multiple roles in the City as they can serve as both conveners and indicators for a neighborhood where coffee or tea serves as a social lubricant or in certain professions a caffeinated overlord Where some readers in the Twitterverse have observed how these spaces bring together and connect nascent communities others have suggested that certain types of Independents and Chains are heralds of gentrification and displacement as not everyone in Vancouver can afford a 3 dollar cup of coffee These tensions reflect the ongoing and bigger concerns about and direction of the urban economic social and cultural development of City of Vancouver One interesting land use planning experiment would be the allowance of neighbourhood cafes particularly for Independents with certain operating parameters in Vancouver s residential neighborhoods as opposed to just being located on major transportation corridors or arterials Such a phenomenon is not without precedences given the City s long history of neighborhood corner stores In the rise of the corner or even laneway cafe there lies an opportunity to further strengthen a neighborhood s social fabric while incrementally introducing a mixed use community based local economy to these residential neighbourhoods Neighborhoods like Kitsilano and Strathcona already have prototypical examples of this type of land use with specific store types like Le Marche St George in Ridley Park and the Wilder Snail in Strathcona In a city where connection and loneliness is a growing concern this might be one community based commercial opportunity to get to know one s neighbours Beyond spaces of consumption it is worth talking about coffee and

    Original URL path: http://www.btaworks.com/2013/05/18/the-independent-purveyors-of-caffeine-in-the-city-of-vancouver/ (2016-04-28)
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  • BT | A | Works » Observations
    New York City has published this paper on climate risk information for the Big Apple to inform its long term planning efforts As part of PlaNYC climate change along with topics such as housing parks and public space food and economic opportunity became plan elements for New York City and its vision for the New York of 2030 Of particular interest PlaNYC sets out on a series of Sustainability Indicators to track the progress of its long term goals With public art artist Eve Mosher developed the High Water Line project to show the very real effects of climate change along New York City s urban coastline through an immediate visual and local understanding of the effects of climate chagne Locally some interesting policy and design initiatives around the topic of climate change include the City of Vancouver s Climate Change Action Plan and the public art installation of A False Creek Metro Vancouver is seeking to minimize the region s contribution to global climate change through the adoption of the Integrated Air Quality and Greenhouse Gas Management Plan Between these initiatives they illustrate how local governments and arts in Vancouver are engaging the topic of global climate change in the near and the far future Data Desk Observations Research Papers March 31 2012 Revisiting Vancouver s One Million Dollar Line Using the new 2012 BC Assessment data from the City of Vancouver s Open Data Catalogue BTAworks updated its 2011 One Million Dollar Line map of properties in the City s Single Family Home districts While this analysis follows a similar methodology please note that it uses a slightly different dataset than our previous study With nearly 50 percent of the City s land area zoned in a form of a Single Family SF district this brief examines some of the patterns of properties under and over this symbolic value of 1 million from 2011 to 2012 Overall the number of properties in the single family home districts of the City of Vancouver worth over 1 000 000 increased by nearly 10 percent In 2011 43 percent 29 161 of properties in SF districts were worth over 1 million By 2012 53 percent 35 793 were worth over 1 million Over 6 600 properties in the Single Family Home districts in the City of Vancouver crossed the 1 million value threshold between 2011 to 2012 All properties in single family dwelling districts in the City of Vancouver increased by a minimum of 55 000 from 2011 to 2012 80 percent of properties grew more than 100 000 in this one single year To place this amount in context the median household income in the City of Vancouver based on 2006 Canadian census information adjusted for inflation was 53 000 By geography the distribution of 1 million properties have slowly diffused across Main Street especially in the Riley Park Local Area the growth of 1 million properties in the southeast section of the City of Vancouver is particularly worth noting Victoria Fraserview 1 226 saw the largest number of properties cross the 1 million mark followed by the Riley Park 987 and Killarney 815 local areas On the other end of housing value spectrum the number of properties under 500 000 decreased by 80 percent from 71 properties in 2011 to 14 properties in 2012 Of these 14 properties or 0 2 percent of the study population all were located on the East of Main and well over 20 years old Moving forward a value spectrum and going beyond a geographic line may be the best way of studying and understanding property values in the Single Family districts of Vancouver Instead of a single and simple geographic line such as Main Street or more specifically Ontario Street neatly summarizing and segregating property values in the City of Vancouver value clusters are emerging throughout the City and the complexities of how much housing costs in this City Moreover when these value clusters are more finely broken down by 1 million increments they show another level of housing value distribution in the City both as an artifact of Vancouver s real estate history and as a trend of current and future real estate consumption and investment This brief will not examine the reasons behind the distributions and patterns but observations from our learned readers are welcomed Technical Notes This brief focused on properties in districts zoned as One Family Dwellings also known as RS Districts Not all single family homes in Vancouver are located in RS zonings as they are located throughout the City Hence single family homes in districts such as Two Family Dwelling Districts such as those found in neighborhoods such as Strathcona and special zoning districts like First Shaughnessy District were excluded Unlike the previous 2011 analysis the property values used in this 2012 analysis are derived from a modified properties database which excluded properties such as parks schools waterways and right of ways as well as ones with null values through Geographic Information System software As a consequence the total number of properties that were analyzed decreased from about 71 000 to 67 600 units However like the previous 2011 analysis total property values are derived from the sum of land and improvement values in the 2012 BC Assessment which themselves are valuations made in July 2011 For further details please visit the BC Assessor s website toward details of assessment valuation criteria Data Desk Observations March 13 2012 City of Strangers Two articles featuring 2006 Census data analyzed by BTAworks about Vancouver as a City of Immigrants and Outsiders and challenge developing the software of City Building Migration and immigration changing Vancouver into city of strangers by Jenny Uechi Vancouver Observer Lonely Town by Kate Zimmerman Calgary Herald A Look Back Data Desk Observations Research Papers January 16 2012 The 80 000 Line Single Family Housing Values in the City of Vancouver circa 1979 As our previous postings have explored the geographic distribution of the City of

    Original URL path: http://www.btaworks.com/category/observations/page/3/ (2016-04-28)
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  • BT | A | Works » Enrollment Patterns in Metro Vancouver Public Elementary Schools, 2007/08 to 2012/13 School Years
    ebb and flow from year to year and as consequence this map has taken a variance of 10 percent as an indicator of relative enrollment stability however past this variance decline or growth becomes increasingly statistically significant and acute In particular when a school sees either a 25 percent increase or decline over 5 school years and in particular a cluster of schools presents a particular question towards what might be happening in a particular community An older population smaller household sizes increases in regional housing choice and the short and long term housing affordability adequacy and suitability challenges for young families and increased competition for independent school options all have their effects upon declining and growing public elementary school enrollment Technical Notes All enrollment data used in this brief is from the British Columbia Ministry of Education through the DataBC website and is provided by the Province of BC under the Open Government License for the Government of BC Information v BC 2 0 The maps and tables were based on standard public elementary schools in Metro Vancouver in the BC Schools Student Headcount by Grade dataset on the DataBC website Elementary schools were specifically selected to control for district programming effects as secondary schools in many school districts have special programs that draw from throughout a school district to a single school Such programming occurred to a much lessor degree in elementary schools and we feel that this allows for most elementary schools to better reflect the local population of elementary school aged children in their immediate neighbourhoods than for secondary schools to reflect secondary school aged population Schools that were not established in or a complete headcount from the 2007 08 to 2012 2013 school years were excluded in the maps Acadia Road Elementary in Vancouver Adams

    Original URL path: http://www.btaworks.com/2013/09/05/enrollment-patterns-in-metro-vancouver-public-elementary-schools-200708-to-201213-school-years/ (2016-04-28)
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  • BT | A | Works » Research Papers
    house for a standard 33 foot by 122 foot lot the most prevalent lot size in the City of Vancouver single family home districts is 500 square feet or 46 square meters and 750 square feet or 70 square meters for 50 by 122 lots The levels of success and impacts of these policies in achieving this goal particularly for families with children in the world s second most unaffordable housing market will perhaps be the subject of a future paper With these new analytic capacities to the 2013 map one prime observation is the steady erosion of the 1 million line Since release of the 2012 property assessments about 2 200 properties have crossed the 1 million line Where in 2009 Main St the closest arterial and Ontario Street in particular symbolized a very pronounced division for properties over and under 1 millions this division has continuously eroded In 2013 about 54 percent of the total number of Single Family properties in the City of Vancouver were valued at over 1 000 000 while in 2009 about 34 percent were worth over 1 000 000 when controlled for inflation However this erosion also comes from the southeast section of the city In the Victoria Fraserview and Killarney local planning area these areas have seen the largest amount of properties cross the 1 million line Beyond a bi variable red and blue over and under 1 million value map when values are mapped at 1 dollar intervals they further highlight the progression of high value homes in the City of Vancouver especially at the very high end For homes worth more than 5 million they grew by nearly 250 percent in the span of 4 years In 2013 about 708 01 percent of all Single Family properties in the City of Vancouver were valued at over 5 000 000 while in 2009 274 about 004 percent were valued at over 5 000 000 Our continued interest in the state and future of land in Vancouver s One family Dwelling district stems from two concerns The first is that One family land use zoning in various SF iterations covers almost 50 percent of the City of Vancouver s total land mass and is by far the largest land use by land area in the City Within these areas it houses about 50 percent 301 540 of the City s total number of residents based upon the 2011 Census However when one accounts for age about 64 percent 64 245 of the City s population under the age of 19 live in these areas Within these settlement patterns it highlights our second rationale towards focusing on these SF areas As a legacy of planning from the 1920s these areas have some of the most abundant levels of family supportive infrastructure in the entire city For example 90 80 percent out of the 113 Vancouver public schools are in these areas From elementary and secondary schools to parks to playgrounds to community centers there is a considerable amount of public investment found in these sections of Vancouver This rich infrastructure has helped generations of Vancouverites raise children and set roots in the City At the same time this infrastructure was developed when the average household income in the City of Vancouver could readily afford to live in these areas For the sake of reference the average household income in the City of Vancouver is about 68 000 a year with a median income of 47 000 according to the 2006 census latest numbers available or 78 000 and 54 000 respectively in 2013 dollars What is the future of these pieces of infrastructure and neighbourhoods in an era when the majority of the single family homes in the City of Vancouver are now worth over 1 million Technical Notes A new feature for this year s study is a four year perspective on total property assessments from 2009 to 2013 however as noted in previous editions it is important to remember that assessment values are not up to the moment prices for real estate but valuation snapshots taken in July of the previous year Consequently a 2013 assessment is a valuation that reflects the property value in July 2012 The values used in these maps are therefore from July 2008 to July 2012 For the exact BC Assessment methodology please click this link We have also correct prices for inflation to reflect 2012 values using the Bank of Canada s Inflation Calculator Another element to note in this study is the change in the number of properties between the 2009 to 2013 dataset There was a slight decline 188 properties data points or 003 percent of the total population of matchable data points from 70 454 data points properties in the 2009 data set to 70 266 data points properties in 2013 Data Desk Observations Research Papers August 7 2012 Revisiting the Local Effects of Global Climate Change in the City of Vancouver A Screenshot from the A False Creek Art Installation website in the City of Vancouver With a recent article in the Vancouver Sun on the 2011 BTAworks study on the Local Effects of Global Climate Change in the City of Vancouver A Community Toolkit and Atlas we revisited this topic of climate change urban planning and the arts We wanted to share a number of additional data tools and policy initiatives around North America that we discovered as we revisited this topic On the data front the Pacific Climate Impacts Consortium at the University of Victoria has just published its new regional data analysis tool The tool generates maps plots and data describing projected future climate conditions for the Pacific and Yukon Region It uses an ensemble of more than 15 Global Climate Model GCM and SRES emissions scenario combinations provided by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Expanding our initial research parameters from data visualization and analysis into realm of public policy New York City has published this paper on climate risk information for the Big Apple to inform its long term planning efforts As part of PlaNYC climate change along with topics such as housing parks and public space food and economic opportunity became plan elements for New York City and its vision for the New York of 2030 Of particular interest PlaNYC sets out on a series of Sustainability Indicators to track the progress of its long term goals With public art artist Eve Mosher developed the High Water Line project to show the very real effects of climate change along New York City s urban coastline through an immediate visual and local understanding of the effects of climate chagne Locally some interesting policy and design initiatives around the topic of climate change include the City of Vancouver s Climate Change Action Plan and the public art installation of A False Creek Metro Vancouver is seeking to minimize the region s contribution to global climate change through the adoption of the Integrated Air Quality and Greenhouse Gas Management Plan Between these initiatives they illustrate how local governments and arts in Vancouver are engaging the topic of global climate change in the near and the far future Data Desk Observations Research Papers March 31 2012 Revisiting Vancouver s One Million Dollar Line Using the new 2012 BC Assessment data from the City of Vancouver s Open Data Catalogue BTAworks updated its 2011 One Million Dollar Line map of properties in the City s Single Family Home districts While this analysis follows a similar methodology please note that it uses a slightly different dataset than our previous study With nearly 50 percent of the City s land area zoned in a form of a Single Family SF district this brief examines some of the patterns of properties under and over this symbolic value of 1 million from 2011 to 2012 Overall the number of properties in the single family home districts of the City of Vancouver worth over 1 000 000 increased by nearly 10 percent In 2011 43 percent 29 161 of properties in SF districts were worth over 1 million By 2012 53 percent 35 793 were worth over 1 million Over 6 600 properties in the Single Family Home districts in the City of Vancouver crossed the 1 million value threshold between 2011 to 2012 All properties in single family dwelling districts in the City of Vancouver increased by a minimum of 55 000 from 2011 to 2012 80 percent of properties grew more than 100 000 in this one single year To place this amount in context the median household income in the City of Vancouver based on 2006 Canadian census information adjusted for inflation was 53 000 By geography the distribution of 1 million properties have slowly diffused across Main Street especially in the Riley Park Local Area the growth of 1 million properties in the southeast section of the City of Vancouver is particularly worth noting Victoria Fraserview 1 226 saw the largest number of properties cross the 1 million mark followed by the Riley Park 987 and Killarney 815 local areas On the other end of housing value spectrum the number of properties under 500 000 decreased by 80 percent from 71 properties in 2011 to 14 properties in 2012 Of these 14 properties or 0 2 percent of the study population all were located on the East of Main and well over 20 years old Moving forward a value spectrum and going beyond a geographic line may be the best way of studying and understanding property values in the Single Family districts of Vancouver Instead of a single and simple geographic line such as Main Street or more specifically Ontario Street neatly summarizing and segregating property values in the City of Vancouver value clusters are emerging throughout the City and the complexities of how much housing costs in this City Moreover when these value clusters are more finely broken down by 1 million increments they show another level of housing value distribution in the City both as an artifact of Vancouver s real estate history and as a trend of current and future real estate consumption and investment This brief will not examine the reasons behind the distributions and patterns but observations from our learned readers are welcomed Technical Notes This brief focused on properties in districts zoned as One Family Dwellings also known as RS Districts Not all single family homes in Vancouver are located in RS zonings as they are located throughout the City Hence single family homes in districts such as Two Family Dwelling Districts such as those found in neighborhoods such as Strathcona and special zoning districts like First Shaughnessy District were excluded Unlike the previous 2011 analysis the property values used in this 2012 analysis are derived from a modified properties database which excluded properties such as parks schools waterways and right of ways as well as ones with null values through Geographic Information System software As a consequence the total number of properties that were analyzed decreased from about 71 000 to 67 600 units However like the previous 2011 analysis total property values are derived from the sum of land and improvement values in the 2012 BC Assessment which themselves are valuations made in July 2011 For further details please visit the BC Assessor s website toward details of assessment valuation criteria A Look Back Data Desk Observations Research Papers January 16 2012 The 80 000 Line Single Family Housing Values in the City of Vancouver circa 1979 As our previous postings have explored the geographic distribution of the City of Vancouver s Single Family Housing prices in 2011 and its 1 000 000 line here is its counterpart from 1979 by Paul Raynor a planner extraordinaire and data guru in the City of Vancouver s Housing Centre Before the days of Excel and ArcGIS Mr Raynor mapped these Single Family Home values by hand For the benefit of our readers when one uses the Bank of Canada Inflation Calculator to adjust values to 2011 dollars the map scales would be 117 000 for a house worth 40 000 in 1979 and 876 000 for a house worth 300 000 in 1979 Incidentally a house valued at 80 000 in 1979 would be worth 234 000 in 2011 dollars This post also includes Raynor s observations and analysis which accompanied the map and was published in a City of Vancouver Quarterly Review in July 1979 Interestingly as Raynor ends his piece with the observation that improvements on the average largely defined as buildings on a property accounted for 46 percent of total values in 1979 this percentage dwindles to less than 20 percent by 2011 Data Desk Research Papers December 12 2011 The 0 3 Percent Properties under 500 000 in the City of Vancouver s Single Family Home Districts and Other Details After some post processing which excluded properties that were either parks right of ways railways side yards or boulevard medians as well as SPLOT properties Spaces Planners Left Over Time this posting will highlight some of the specific features from the recently published map of property values of single family home districts in the City of Vancouver We were able to isolate and find properties in the City s RS Districts for less than 500 000 all 182 of them which out of the 71 000 study properties which equates to about 0 3 percent of the study base To respect the privacy of individual homeowners we won t publish a map on their specific locations but highlight the characteristics of this population The characteristics include All properties were east of Main Being built between 1905 and 1996 Generally along major arterials or next to mass transit right of ways like the Expo line Valuations for land value far exceeded improvement values which is term that refers to buildings well beyond the overall patterns for the overall SFH population Other details in this map include Overall Patterns 42 percent of overall properties in the study population were over 1 million however as earlier identified this pattern is highly geographically uneven with Main Street and specifically Ontario Street being the principal dividing line with value shifts depending where a property falls either west or east of Ontario Street In one sample block with similar housing stock on either side properties west of Ontario were worth between 100 000 to 300 000 more than their counterparts east of it East of Main Patterns 7 percent of our study parcels east of Main were equal or more than 1 million in the 2011 BC Assessment or conversely 93 percent of our study parcels were under 1 million West of Main Patterns 89 percent of our study parcels west of Main were equal or more than 1 million in the 2011 BC Assessment or conversely 11 percent of parcels were under 1 million This Study in the News An interesting web dialogue has occured with the publication of this map and two subsequent analysis are of particular note one written by Pete McMartin in the Vancouver Sun and another by Gordon Price on his blog Price Tags Thank you Pete and Gordon for sharing your insights on these patterns Data Desk Research Papers December 10 2011 Main Street The City of Vancouver s Million Dollar Line Land zoned for single family housing represents about half of the overall land mass of the City of Vancouver As Vancouver strives to become the Greenest City on Earth this land and activities on it will invariably have a role in determining this outcome In turn its value will help influence what can and cannot occur on it and perhaps just as importantly who can and cannot afford to own it Using data from Vancouver s Open Data Catalogue this map illustrates the property values of single family districts in the City of Vancouver and its distribution For purposes of this map single family homes are defined as all properties that are within the City s RS zoning Interestingly historic neighbourhoods with large amount of single family homes like Strathcona and Shaughnessy do not have a RS zoning but rather a RT 3 and First Shaughnessy District which were established to preserve the architectural heritage in each respective neighborhood Another key note is that with the approval of laneway housing and the legalization of secondary basement suites the traditional notion of a single family homes in Vancouver is changing The property values in this map are derived by the combination of land and improvement assessed values for 2011 released by BC Assessment which in turn were the market value of each element assessed as of July 2010 Through the usage of the ArcGIS Geographic Information Systems platform this map was produced Certain data artifacts were kept and left unedited in this map by purpose There are some data point in Stanley Park along Beach Avenue near Sunset Beach the Kitsilano waterfront and Jericho Beach that fall into an RS 1 zoning The designation of these properties are likely spurious or erroneous zoning and property data that need to be updated or edited within the Open data Dataset rather than development potential and highlight some of the data editing that is required in the usage of some datasets in the Catalogue Before discussing values this first observation of this map begins with the distribution of RS zoning as it largely corresponds with the pre consolidation 1929 boundaries of the municipalities of Point Grey and South Vancouver Prior to 1929 Vancouver consisted of three separate municipalities Point Grey South Vancouver and Vancouver With the exception of a section of Vancouver east of Victoria Drive there is little to no RS zoning within the boundaries of pre 1929 Vancouver Instead RS zoning dominates the former pre 1929 municipalities of Point Grey and South Vancouver Within the distribution of property values a few patterns emerge In the 2011 assessment there were no single

    Original URL path: http://www.btaworks.com/category/research-papers/page/3/ (2016-04-28)
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  • BT | A | Works » Urbanpalooza 2.0 – A #Vancouver Urbanist Tweetup
    Dr Tom Hutton and Eileen Keenan and Andy Yan from BTAworks SCARP students explored the scholarship and the business of Architecture Urban Planning and Design in Metro Vancouver and beyond Highlights of the course included a field trip focusing on the emerging elements of urbanism found in Surrey City Centre with a visit to the roof tops of Central City and the Surrey City Centre Library To complete the course students will give a short 6 minutes presentation on their individual research projects at this latest edition of the BTArchitects Tweetup Some student research topics include heritage and affordable housing the future of industrial lands in the City of Vancouver the Creative City in Hamilton gentrification and art affordable housing in multicultural cities and the sustainable city Details Place W2 Media Cafe 111 W Hastings Time Thursday April 5 6 30 pm to 9 pm 0 COMMENTS Comments are closed RSS Subscribe ARTICLE CATEGORIES ALL 72 Data Desk 47 Research Papers 33 Observations 37 A Look Back 8 Media 25 Public Programming 7 Search Bing Thom Architects BTArchitects Join the conversation Data Desk March 21 2013 BTAworks Foreign Investment in Vancouver Real Estate Slide Presentation at SFU Woodwards The Presentation

    Original URL path: http://www.btaworks.com/2012/04/03/urbanpalooza-2-0-a-vancouver-urbanist-tweetup/ (2016-04-28)
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  • BT | A | Works » “No matter how tempting, selling schools isn’t the answer”
    enrollment 0 COMMENTS Comments are closed RSS Subscribe ARTICLE CATEGORIES ALL 72 Data Desk 47 Research Papers 33 Observations 37 A Look Back 8 Media 25 Public Programming 7 Search Bing Thom Architects BTArchitects Join the conversation Data Desk March 21 2013 BTAworks Foreign Investment in Vancouver Real Estate Slide Presentation at SFU Woodwards The Presentation Slidedeck A special thanks to Am Johal Community Engag More Data Desk July 14

    Original URL path: http://www.btaworks.com/2010/12/03/no-matter-how-tempting-selling-schools-isnt-the-answer/ (2016-04-28)
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  • BT | A | Works » “Will Two Schools of Thought Tear the Fabric of Society?”
    are closed RSS Subscribe ARTICLE CATEGORIES ALL 72 Data Desk 47 Research Papers 33 Observations 37 A Look Back 8 Media 25 Public Programming 7 Search Bing Thom Architects BTArchitects Join the conversation Data Desk March 21 2013 BTAworks Foreign Investment in Vancouver Real Estate Slide Presentation at SFU Woodwards The Presentation Slidedeck A special thanks to Am Johal Community Engag More Data Desk July 14 2011 Sea Level Rise

    Original URL path: http://www.btaworks.com/2010/11/23/will-two-schools-of-thought-tear-the-fabric-of-society/ (2016-04-28)
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  • BT | A | Works » Why are the Public Elementary Schools East of Main Emptying?
    school enrollment in the City of Vancouver was cited in the article Any thoughts dear readers 0 COMMENTS Comments are closed RSS Subscribe ARTICLE CATEGORIES ALL 72 Data Desk 47 Research Papers 33 Observations 37 A Look Back 8 Media 25 Public Programming 7 Search Bing Thom Architects BTArchitects Join the conversation Data Desk March 21 2013 BTAworks Foreign Investment in Vancouver Real Estate Slide Presentation at SFU Woodwards The

    Original URL path: http://www.btaworks.com/2010/11/15/why-are-the-public-elementary-schools-east-of-main-emptying/ (2016-04-28)
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