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  • Structure, Meaning, and Acquisition in Spanish: Cover
    Linguistics Symposium edited by James F Lee Kimberly L Geeslin and J Clancy Clements Return to Structure Meaning and Acquisition in Spanish Home FAQ Shopping cart Order form 2009 Cascadilla Press P O Box 440355 Somerville MA 02144 USA 1

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  • Hispanic Linguistics at the Turn of the Millennium: Cover
    Linguistics Symposium edited by Héctor Campos Elena Herburger Alfonso Morales Front and Thomas J Walsh Return to Hispanic Linguistics at the Turn of the Millennium Home FAQ Shopping cart Order form 2009 Cascadilla Press P O Box 440355 Somerville MA

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  • Spanish Applied Linguistics at the Turn of the Millennium: Cover
    the L1 L2 Acquisition of Spanish and Portuguese edited by Ronald P Leow and Cristina Sanz Return to Spanish Applied Linguistics at the Turn of the Millennium Home FAQ Shopping cart Order form 2009 Cascadilla Press P O Box 440355

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  • Advances in Hispanic Linguistics: Contents
    118 Section II Phonology Morphology and Historical Linguistics Reexamining Spanish Glides Analogically Conditioned Variation in Vocoid Sequences in Spanish Dialects Sonia Colina 121 134 On the Non Occurrence of the Phone r with a tilde in the Spanish Sound System Robert M Hammond 135 151 Official Use of the Vernacular in the Thirteenth Century Medieval Spanish Language Policy Ray Harris Northall 152 165 The Moraic Status of Consonants from Latin to Hispano Romance The Case of Obstruents D Eric Holt 166 181 Patterns in the Lexicon Hiatus with Unstressed High Vowels in Spanish José Ignacio Hualde 182 197 The Many Faces of Spanish s Weakening Re alignment and Ambisyllabicity John M Lipski 198 213 Spanish Substantives How Many Classes Regina Morin 214 230 A Perception Study of Intermediate Phrasing in Spanish Intonation Holly J Nibert 231 247 Linguistic Theory and Discourse in Don Quijote Frank Nuessel 248 264 Head Dependence in Jerigonza a Spanish Language Game Carlos Eduardo Piñeros 265 277 Flawed Definitions Neglected Sound Changes and the Development of Spanish atinar Thomas J Walsh 278 290 On the Word Internal Velarization of n in Cuban Radio Broadcasting Kenneth J Wireback 291 300 Volume 2 Section III Syntax Semantics and Pragmatics Blocking of Spanish Reflexives in the Hierarchical Lexicon Raúl Aranovich 303 316 A Topic Auxiliary in Spanish Alfredo Arnaiz and José Camacho 317 331 Spanish as a CP IP Absorption Language Héctor Campos 332 345 Notes on the Topic Focus Articulation Eugenia Casielles Suárez 346 363 Mass Reference in 16th Century Castilian Gabriel Alonso de Herrera s Obra de Agricultura Sarah Harmon and Almerindo Ojeda 364 377 Lexical Ambiguity Is Not Always Evil The Example of ni ni Elena Herburger 378 393 Binding in PPs in Spanish and the Nature of Condition B Paula Kempchinsky 394 411 The Syntax

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  • Advances in Hispanic Linguistics: Introduction
    Hualde discusses the patterns of hiatus found in sequences of unstressed high vowels in Spanish He suggests that there are universal cognitive and phonetic principles paradigm uniformity regularity of contrast ease of articulation etc that govern the creation of lexical patterns but the specific patterns or rules that languages display are the product of historical accident John M Lipski analyzes the many faces of Spanish s weakening to h in terms of alignment realignment and ambisyllabicity He argues that the dialectal variation associated with Spanish s reduction can be handled most effectively in the constraint based framework of Optimality Theory All facets of Spanish s reduction and similar processes affecting word final consonants vis à vis resyllabification are accounted for by a single unified family of alignment constraints all of which are widely attested cross linguistically Regina Morin claims that there are no word markers in Spanish and that there are only two classes of Spanish substantives The existence of word markers in Spanish needs to be reexamined since there is no principled basis on which to determine whether a word in Spanish has a word marker or not Holly J Nibert investigates the perception of intermediate phrasing in Spanish intonation and presents experimental evidence for two levels of phonological phrasing based on data elicited from three native speakers of Peninsular Spanish Her results reveal an interplay between intonational structure and the notion of symmetry in syntax and semantics giving rise to cases of contour allophony The article by Frank Nuessel examines explicit linguistic commentary in Miguel de Cervantes Don Quijote including onomastics sociolinguistics psycholinguistics paremiology and etymology and provides an explanation of each one within a contemporary linguistic framework Carlos Eduardo Piñeros discusses constraint interaction in Jerigonza a Spanish language game used to disguise words by adding epenthetic CV syllables Two different varieties of Jerigonza are analyzed and these differences are formally derived from mechanisms of constraint interaction in Optimality Theory Thomas J Walsh s paper deals with the etymology of Spanish atinar He argues that it descends directly from Lat addiuinare and as such is cognate to Span adivinar An often overlooked phonological rule of geminate stop devoicing alongside the amply attested deletion in Latin of U surrounded by identical vowels set the stage for transformation of addiuinare into atinar Kenneth J Wireback investigates the velarization of word internal n in Cuban radio broadcasting This phenomenon results from the dominance of non assimilation over the stigma associated with N In a subsequent stage this preconsonantal velarization is subsequently extended to word internal position Section III Raúl Aranovich discusses the blocking of reflexives in the Spanish within the theory of a hierarchical lexicon He argues that exceptions to an alternation between causative and inchoative verbs in Spanish are an instance of phrasal blocking offering an analysis of blocking within Head Driven Phrase Structure Grammar Alfredo Arnaiz and José Camacho discuss an auxiliary use of the motion verb ir in certain varieties of Spanish The first one is that it

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  • Advances in Hispanic Linguistics: Cover
    2nd Hispanic Linguistics Symposium edited by Javier Gutiérrez Rexach and Fernando Martínez Gil Return to Advances in Hispanic Linguistics Home FAQ Shopping cart Order form 2009 Cascadilla Press P O Box 440355 Somerville MA 02144 USA 1 617 776 2370

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  • SLRF 2000 Proceedings: Introduction
    and by Yuki Yoshimura Bolonyai and Dutkova Cope implicitly invoke the interdisciplinary goal suggested by Bialystok in their paper L1 attrition of verbal morphology in bilingual children and adults The authors seek insights into the properties of the mental lexicon by studying the attrition of L1 morphology in a diverse set of learners comprised by Hungarian English bilingual children and American Czech adults By looking at L1 attrition the authors seek to discover whether all grammatical features encoded within verbal inflections person number gender and definiteness are equally vulnerable to attrition Using a lexically based approach to bilingual production Levelt Roelofs Meyer 1999 Myers Scotton Jake 2000 the authors look at data from naturally occurring conversations as well as more structured interviews and show that these bilinguals used a composite lexico grammatical system in which the surface morphemes are from the L1 whereas the abstract specifications for agreement subject verb and verb object are based on the dominant L2 English In particular Bolonyai and Dutkova Cope report that the least complex features such as number were more likely to be retained in the L1 while the more complex features that account for definiteness and gender were more likely to be lost The authors show that attrition in L1 verbal morphology is affected by the language internal L1 complexity of the structure by the processing of a particular feature of agreement as well as by the effects of contact with conflicting abstract lexico grammatical features in the L2 The final two studies in this section follow more traditional cognitive topics in SLA as they are concerned with the concept of working memory and lexical and phonemic acquisition in a second language Translation equivalent priming and second language proficiency by Goral Obler Klein and Gitterman investigates the correlation between speakers level of L2 proficiency and the lexical connections between the first language L1 and a second language L2 of speakers of more than one language A new research platform explores the inter related strengths of L1 and L2 as evidenced in lexical connections The authors argue that as learners become more proficient in a L2 they seem to build a more autonomous system independent from their L1 system Yoshimura The role of working memory in language aptitude looks at the learners performance on a language aptitude test in its relation to the working memory Using WM models from Baddeley 1986 and Just and Carpenter 1992 Yoshimura demonstrates that learners with larger WM capacity outperformed those with smaller capacity in both memory and language analytic ability sections in the aptitude test but not in the section of phonemic coding ability This finding confirms that WM actually functions to process information in both memory and language analytic ability although a non significant correlation between WM and phonemic coding ability implies that WM for phonological information would be somewhat distinct III SLA in the classroom The five studies in the third section of this volume bring together and challenge long established perspectives of researchers teachers and learners on aspects of classroom discourse practices that are believed to be linked to some concept of success in SLA Researchers commonly investigate psycho sociological factors at work in the classroom i e motivation as they relate to success in classroom acquisition of ESL Two studies in this volume Bonny Norton s Non participation imagined communities and the language classroom and Paul Russell and Jean Yoo s paper Learner investment in second language writing reverse the trend of using ethnographic methods of investigation to examine how socio psychological factors outside the classroom may determine involvement and success in the ESL classroom Norton s paper Non participation imagined communities and the language classroom draws on the work of Lave and Wenger 1991 and Wenger 1998 by considering how resistance and non participation in an ESL classroom relates to lack of student success In a study of two immigrant language learners who on two separate occasions withdrew entirely from participation in their ESL classroom Norton argues that the learners non participation is best explained with reference to their investment in their imagined communities An imagined community is one with which a given language learner would most like to be affiliated to a community that may well be a reconstruction of past relationships The paper demonstrates that a language learner s non participation in a second language class may result from a disjuncture between the learner s imagined community and the teacher s curriculum goals The discussion of learners changing expectations of ESL courses is linked to their shifting identities and their unique desires for the future The paper concludes that if educators do not acknowledge the imagined communities of the learners in ESL classrooms they may exacerbate some students non participation At the same time Norton cautions that it may be problematic to celebrate this imagined community unconditionally If learners investments in an imagined community compromise their engagement with the wider target language community in general and in particular in second language classrooms the value of these investments for language learners raises important questions for teachers learners and researchers alike Russell and Yoo acknowledge Norton s influence in the paper Learner investment in second language writing as they explore the often studied issue of motivation in SLA Like Norton Russel and Yoo use an ethnographic approach to present a detailed picture of how ESL learners from children to adults reposition themselves as learners based on their investment in their ESL classrooms and in ESL activities However the authors believe that learner investment is a more complex issue than simply resistance The portraits presented in their paper show the complex interweaving of students many cultural and personal interests and conflicts The authors are able to show through interviews with the students how these conflicting desires are quite transparently reflected in their work as ESL writers The final three studies in this section investigate activity inside the classroom and are indicative of the growing momentum of second language acquisition research as well as

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  • SLRF 2000 Proceedings: Cover
    2000 Second Language Research Forum edited by Xenia Bonch Bruevich William J Crawford John Hellermann Christina Higgins and Hanh Nguyen Return to SLRF 2000 Proceedings Home FAQ Shopping cart Order form 2009 Cascadilla Press P O Box 440355 Somerville MA

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