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  • Cell Research
    and Care National Center for STD AIDS Prevention and Control Chinese Center for Disease Prevention and Control Beijing 100050 China Correspondence Fu Jie ZHANG Tel 86 10 6303 9086 E mail treatment chinaaids org cn China s Free ART Program was initiated in 2002 as an emergency response to save and improve the lives of AIDS patients living mainly in impoverished rural regions of central China With little experience in HIV AIDS treatment and care and resource limitations China s efforts to provide widespread access to free antiretroviral therapy has been a process fraught with difficulty However the Free ART Program is progressing from an emergency response to a standardized treatment and care system The development of national guidelines training programs a laboratory support network a national patient database programs for special populations such as children and patients living with co infections and operational research has improved the scope and quality of the free treatment program As of June 30 2005 a total of 19 456 patients in 28 provinces autonomous regions and special municipalities had received free ART Challenges stemming from the nature of China s health system and patient population persist but with strong government support and a

    Original URL path: http://www.cell-research.com/arts.asp?id=1682 (2016-02-14)
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  • Cell Research
    Zhen CAO Tel 86 10 65105182 65105179 22 E mail dryunzhencao yahoo com Compared with high infection areas of the world the total HIV infection rate in China is relatively low Nonetheless because of China s vast territory and large population the potential infection risk must be taken seriously In the next few years needle sharing among injection drug users will remain the most common route of transmission for the HIV AIDS epidemic in China Unprotected sex is gradually becoming a major route of transmission China began to implement HAART in 1999 according to international standards Prior to 2003 there were only about 150 HIV AIDS patients were treated with HAART in some clinical trials and about 100 HIV AIDS patients were treated by private sources Results of those treatments are the scientific basis for development of the therapeutic strategies in China In March of 2003 the Chinese government initiated China CARES program In November of 2003 the Chinese Ministry of Health announced a national policy of free ARV treatment to all HIV Chinese citizens who were in poverty and required ARV therapy There are total of 19 456 HIV AIDS patients received free ARV drugs to date in 159

    Original URL path: http://www.cell-research.com/arts.asp?id=1683 (2016-02-14)
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  • Cell Research
    relief hospital based AIDS educational methods on drug users Xiang Ping LI 1 Shun Zhen XIAO 1 Qiao Qin WAN 1 Sen Lin SONG 2 and Yan Xia TENG 2 1 School of Nursing Peking University Beijing 100083 China 2 Department of Psychiatry DaXing Hospital Beijing Drug Abuse Treatment Center Beijing 102600 China Correspondence Shun Zhen XIAO Tel 011 86 10 8280 2106 E mail szxaio bjmu edu cn The objective of this study is to explore a potentially effective training method for the hospital professionals to educate drug users and to enhance their knowledge of HIV infection One hundred and sixty one subjects who came from 13 different provinces and were admitted in a drug relief hospital in Beijing were recruited for this study The average age of these subjects was 35 216 24 year old The average numbers of years for drug addiction were 7 years and the average numbers of drug relief treatment received in the past was 5 5 times The level of AIDS knowledge of these subjects including pathogenic factors source of infection route of transmission and preventive measures were evaluated before and after receiving the AIDS educational training to these drug users Our results

    Original URL path: http://www.cell-research.com/arts.asp?id=1684 (2016-02-14)
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  • Cell Research
    edu China has recognized the threat of HIV to its population and responded with a national antiretroviral treatment ART program However high ART failure rates and the spread of resistance within populations are important realities to consider when developing and managing ART programs in China and worldwide Concepts which will define treatment success and local and national programmatic goals are 1 access to ART 2 durability of ART at the patient level 3 scalability of treatment modalities and the 4 sustainability of the program at the community or national level In the face of limited resources China must also consider when to start ARV therapy which agents to use when to switch them and how to treat highly experienced patients with drug resistance The optimal ARV regimen to start with is changing frequently with the introduction of new agents and the presentation of new data Currently a regimen including tenofovir emtricitabine or lamivudine and a nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor appears to have optimal characteristics to treat HIV AIDS in China However critical to all of these choices is the evaluation of programs implemented to insure wide scale success China has wisely begun this process of evaluating the performance of local

    Original URL path: http://www.cell-research.com/arts.asp?id=1685 (2016-02-14)
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  • Cell Research
    Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention China 2 Division of Policy Study and Information National Center for AIDS Prevention and Control China Correspondence Jie SHEN Dong Bao YU Tel 011 86 10 63174322 63186655 2209 011 86 10 63159692 3 16 E mail shenjie aids net cn shejie chinaids org cn dbyu chinaaids cn dbyu yahoo com This article is a general review of the evolvement of HIV AIDS

    Original URL path: http://www.cell-research.com/arts.asp?id=1686 (2016-02-14)
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  • Cell Research
    Office Building 14 Liangmahe Nanlu Beijing 100600 China Correspondence Jing Lin HE Tel 86 10 85322226 E mail hejinglin public un org cn In the last two years we have seen a remarkable intensification in the response to AIDS in China A number of organizations have joined and contributed to the efforts of the Chinese government in responding the AIDS epidemic in China This article specifically describes the role of the United Nations in supporting and strengthening those responses Achievements of the United Nations highlighted in the article include strengthened leadership and political commitment to respond to AIDS improved HIV AIDS surveillance and information expanded prevention efforts improved treatment care and support to people living with HIV and increased resources for AIDS programs Additional roles of the United Nations UN system in the near future include strengthening national leadership by supporting the three ones i e one national plan on AIDS one national coordinating authority for AIDS and one monitoring and evaluation system for AIDS In addition the UN system is expected to strengthen alignment and harmonization of activities of all international organizations and improved accountability and oversight Remaining challenges identified include increasing awareness of AIDS and reducing stigma and

    Original URL path: http://www.cell-research.com/arts.asp?id=1687 (2016-02-14)
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  • Cell Research
    China 3 School of Public and Environmental Affairs Indiana University Bloomington Indiana 47405 1701 USA Correspondence Hua XU Tel 86 10 64225073 E mail xuhua20012001 yahoo com Chinese nongovernmental organizations NGOs have played a significant role in the battle against AIDS in the People s Republic of China This article provides a brief overview of the structure of these organizations as well as an analysis of their principle accomplishments Of

    Original URL path: http://www.cell-research.com/arts.asp?id=1688 (2016-02-14)
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  • Cell Research
    WU Tel 852 26097541 E mail wufengshi cuhk edu hk International non governmental organizations were among the first international actors that responded to the emergence of AIDS crisis in China Since 1994 the number of international non governmental organizations and charitable foundations working in AIDS related issue areas in China has grown steadily and substantially Despite their organizational differences most of these non governmental actors present the characteristics of independent

    Original URL path: http://www.cell-research.com/arts.asp?id=1689 (2016-02-14)
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