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  • Spatial Prepositions
    Sense Srtype Supersense Classed Count Pct NF gainst 10 4 Backstop DeicticTime Location Yes 0 100 0 0 19 mongst 1 1 PlaceSaturated Location Yes 0 100 0 0 19 pon 1 1 SurfaceSupporting Location Yes 0 100 0 0 19 pon 15 7a Conveyance Location Yes 0 100 0 0 19 pon 16 7b Conveyance Destination Yes 0 100 0 0 19 pon 2 1a PlaceSurrounding Location Yes 0 100 0 0 19 pon 3 1b SurfaceResisting Yes 0 100 0 0 19 pon 4 1c BodyPart Other Yes 0 100 0 0 19 pon 5 1d SurfaceSupporting Destination Yes 0 100 0 0 19 pon 7 2 Ground Location Yes 0 100 0 0 19 abaft 1 1 ShipPart Yes 2 100 0 0 37 aboard 1 1 Conveyance Yes 236 100 0 43 78 aboard 2 1a Conveyance Yes 1 100 0 0 19 about 3 2 PlaceSaturated 2DArea Yes 2 100 0 89 35 about 3 2 1 PlaceSaturated 1DTrajectory 2DArea Yes 2 100 0 89 35 about 4 3 Place Location Yes 0 100 0 44 67 above 1 1 ThingSurmounted Location 1DTrajectory Yes 29 100 0 133 41 above 2 1a ThingSurmounted Location Yes 14 100 0 64 40 above 3 1b ThingSurveyed Location Yes 13 100 0 59 80 above 4 2 ThingSurmounted Location Yes 16 100 0 73 60 across 1 1 PlaceTraversed 1DTrajectory Yes 63 100 0 340 91 across 2 2 PlaceRelative Location 1DTrajectory Yes 108 100 0 584 41 afore 2 2 ThingFacing Location Yes 0 100 0 0 19 afore 3 2a AuthorityFacing Other Yes 0 100 0 0 19 after 5 2 ObjectInFront Yes 1 100 0 31 43 after 6 2a TargetOfMotion Direction Yes 0 100 0 31 43 against 10 4 Backstop Location Yes 4 100 0 85 74 agin 10 4 Backstop DeicticTime Location Yes 0 100 0 0 19 ahead of 1 1 ThingInFront Location Yes 45 100 0 32 65 all over 1 1 ThingPermeated Location 2DArea Yes 186 100 0 244 69 all over 2 1a BodyPartPermeated Yes 11 100 0 14 47 along 1 1 Path 1DTrajectory Yes 36 100 0 185 61 along 3 2 PlaceAlignedTo 1DTrajectory Yes 82 100 0 422 79 alongside 1 1 PlaceBeside Yes 61 100 0 70 92 amid 1 1 ThingSurrounding Yes 47 100 0 23 75 amidst 1 1 ThingSurrounding Yes 31 100 0 5 75 among 1 1 PlaceSaturated Location Yes 28 100 0 328 68 around 1 1 ThingSurrounded Location Yes 43 100 0 287 08 around 3 2 PlaceSaturated 2DArea State Yes 91 100 0 607 54 around 4 3 GroundOfRoute 1DTrajectory Yes 5 100 0 33 38 around 4 3 1 GroundOfRoute Location 1DTrajectory Yes 4 100 0 26 71 around 5 4 ThingEncircled 1DTrajectory Yes 28 100 0 186 94 as far as 1 1 DistanceLimit Yes 45 100 0 57 76 aslant 1 1 PlaceRelative Yes 0 100 0 0 19 astraddle 1 1 ThingStraddled Yes 0 100 0 0 19 astride 1 1 ThingStraddled Yes 14 100 0 2 60 astride 2 2 ThingBridged Yes 32 100 0 5 94 at 1 1 Place Location Yes 182 100 0 14052 88 athwart 1 1 PlaceRelative Yes 0 100 0 0 19 atop 1 1 ThingSurmounted Location Yes 51 100 0 9 46 back of 1 1 ObjectInFront Yes 0 100 0 0 19 before 2 2 ThingFacing Location Yes 14 100 0 216 28 before 3 2a AuthorityFacing Locus Yes 24 100 0 370 77 behind 1 1 ThingIntervening Location Yes 81 100 0 373 04 behind 3 2 ThingFollowed Location Yes 9 100 0 41 45 behind 4 2a PersonInFront Yes 14 100 0 64 48 below 1 1 ThingAbove Location Locus Yes 50 100 0 98 16 below 4 2 ThingAbove Location Yes 27 100 0 53 01 beneath 1 1 ThingAbove Location Yes 87 100 0 82 43 beneath 2 1a ThingBlanketing Location Yes 71 100 0 67 27 beneath 3 2 ThingAbove Location Yes 29 100 0 27 48 beside 1 1 ThingAdjacent Location Yes 219 100 0 151 44 besides 2 n ThingAdjacent Yes 2 100 0 0 69 between 1 1 PlaceBisected Location 1DTrajectory Yes 14 100 0 611 47 betwixt 1 1 PlaceBisected Location 1DTrajectory Yes 4 100 0 0 74 beyond 1 1 ThingPassed Location Yes 19 100 0 79 82 beyond 2 1a Boundary Location State Yes 38 100 0 159 64 by 18 5 PlaceBeside Location Yes 2 100 0 238 43 by 19 5a PlacePast 1DTrajectory Yes 0 100 0 119 21 by way of 1 1 Route Yes 33 100 0 18 27 chez 1 1 Residence Yes 20 100 0 3 71 down 1 1 ThingDescended 1DTrajectory Yes 41 100 0 59 78 down 2 1a PlaceDownstream Course Location Yes 13 100 0 18 95 down 3 1b PlaceFurtherAlong Course Location Yes 114 100 0 166 21 down 4 1c Place Location Yes 12 100 0 17 50 ex 1 1 SourceOfGoods Yes 1 100 0 0 19 ex 2 1a Repository Yes 0 100 0 0 19 for 7 6 Destination Destination Time Yes 2 100 0 317 97 fore 2 2 ThingFacing Location Yes 0 100 0 0 19 fore 3 2a AuthorityFacing Other Yes 0 100 0 0 19 fornent 1 1 PlaceBeside Yes 0 100 0 0 19 frae 1 1 PlaceOfOrigin InitialLocation StartState Yes 0 100 0 0 19 frae 2 1a OriginOfMeasure Location Yes 0 100 0 0 19 frae 4 3 PlaceOfOrigin InitialLocation Location Source Yes 0 100 0 0 19 frae 8 5 PlaceOfObserver Location Yes 0 100 0 0 19 from 1 1 PlaceOfOrigin InitialLocation StartState Yes 75 100 0 6261 67 from 2 1a OriginOfMeasure Location Yes 6 100 0 500 93 from 4 3 PlaceOfOrigin Donor Speaker InitialLocation Location ProfessionalAspect Source Super Yes 124 100 0 10352 62 from 8 5 PlaceOfObserver Location Yes 15 100 0 1252 33 in 1

    Original URL path: http://www.clres.com/db/classes/ClassSpatial.php (2016-02-11)
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  • Tandem Prepositions
    competitor agin 5 2a in betting thing dominating agin 6 2b thing resisted anti 1 1 athwart 2 2 thing opposed thwart 2 2 thing opposed versus 1 1 opponent with 6 4 opponent Fulfillment of the Governor the complement completes the governor for 9 8 exchange in consideration of 1 1 exchange in need of 1 1 thing needed o 12 6a object of verb of 12 6a object of verb on top of 3 2 thing mastered o er 6 2b thing controlled over 6 2b thing controlled to 10 4a governor identifies relationship between complement and other element unto 7 n governor identifies relationship between complement and other element End State the complement identifies the result consequence or end state expressed by the governor down 6 n the drain or similar in peril of threat into 6 6 state condition or form into 7 7 result near 3 3 condition approached near to 3 3 condition approached nigh 3 3 condition approached on pain of 1 1 penalty to 5 2 an emotional condition to 6 2a result of an action or process to 7 2b a person s resultant reaction under pain of 1 1 penalty under sentence of 1 1 penalty unto 4 n end state unto 5 n condition resulting Selection Criteria References Quirk R Greenbaum S Leech G and Svartik J 1985 A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language Longman New York Comments to Ken Litkowski Modified August 22 2015 15 23 08 PDEP Tandem Class 72 senses Preposition Sense Srtype Supersense Classed Count Pct NF gainst 1 1 Opponent Yes 0 100 0 0 19 gainst 2 1a LegalAction Beneficiary Yes 1 100 0 0 19 gainst 3 1b Contestant Co Agent Yes 0 100 0 0 19 gainst 5 2a ThingDominating Yes 0 100 0 0 19 gainst 6 2b ThingResisted Yes 0 100 0 0 19 gainst 7 2c Collateral Yes 0 100 0 0 19 mongst 3 3 Participants Locus Yes 1 100 0 0 19 mongst 4 4 Coparticipants Yes 0 100 0 0 19 against 1 1 Opponent Yes 100 100 0 2143 56 against 2 1a LegalAction Beneficiary Yes 43 100 0 921 73 against 3 1b Contestant Co Agent Yes 19 100 0 407 28 against 5 2a ThingDominating Yes 3 100 0 64 31 against 6 2b ThingResisted Yes 26 100 0 557 32 against 7 2c Collateral Yes 5 100 0 107 18 agin 1 1 Opponent Yes 0 100 0 0 19 agin 2 1a LegalAction Beneficiary Yes 0 100 0 0 19 agin 3 1b Contestant Co Agent Yes 0 100 0 0 19 agin 5 2a ThingDominating Yes 0 100 0 0 19 agin 6 2b ThingResisted Yes 0 100 0 0 19 agin 7 2c Collateral Yes 0 100 0 0 19 along with 1 1 Accompanier Accompanier Yes 221 100 0 382 39 alongside 2 1a CoParticipant Yes 105 100 0 122 08 among 3 3 Participants Locus

    Original URL path: http://www.clres.com/db/classes/ClassTandem.php (2016-02-11)
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  • Temporal Prepositions
    2 in 4 3 period in future till something happens in front of 4 n complement is experiencer of event in governor in the course of 1 1 inside 5 2 provides a maximum time frame inside of 2 1a provides a maximum time frame into 1 1 1 mid 2 2 o er 14 5 over 14 5 round 9 n the clock time period through 7 2 throughout 2 1a thro 7 2 thru 7 2 under 9 4a during the rule of within 6 3 provides a maximum time frame Selection Criteria For the most part temporal prepositions are recognized based only on the properties of the complement Selectors for the complement look at the complement itself hr or c Many of these can be recognised with the WordNet lexical name ln noun time or noun event Others can be recognized by using the part of speech pos cd i e recognizing cardinal numbers or vbg i e participial ing phrases expressing events Since temporal expressions can usually be found with almost any kind of governor developing criteria for the governor is less successful References Quirk R Greenbaum S Leech G and Svartik J 1985 A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language Longman New York pp 687 95 Comments to Ken Litkowski Modified August 22 2015 15 23 49 PDEP Temporal Class 93 senses Preposition Sense Srtype Supersense Classed Count Pct NF gainst 4 2 EventInFuture Yes 0 100 0 0 19 pon 17 8 Day Time Yes 0 100 0 0 19 pon 18 8a Occasion Time Yes 0 100 0 0 19 about 6 n TimePoint Yes 2 100 0 89 35 across 1 1 1 PeriodTraversed Duration Yes 4 100 0 21 64 afore 1 1 TimePoint DeicticTime RelativeTime Yes 1 100 0 0 19 after 1 1 TimePeriod RelativeTime Yes 142 100 0 4463 68 after 2 1a PeriodRepeated Frequency Yes 1 100 0 31 43 after 3 1b Hour ClockTimeCxn Yes 0 100 0 31 43 after 4 1c ThingDeparting Yes 15 100 0 471 52 against 4 2 EventInFuture Yes 16 100 0 342 97 agin 4 2 EventInFuture Yes 0 100 0 0 19 ahead of 2 1a PartyAnticipating Yes 10 100 0 7 26 ahead of 3 1b EventAfter RelativeTime Yes 92 100 0 66 76 along 2 1a PathOfProgress Yes 12 100 0 61 87 alongside 3 1b Coexistant Yes 83 100 0 96 50 around 6 n TimePoint Time Yes 24 100 0 160 23 as 2 2 TimePeriod Yes 2 100 0 243 27 as far as 2 n TimePoint Yes 6 100 0 7 70 as from 1 1 TimeOrigin Yes 71 100 0 13 17 as of 1 1 TimePoint Yes 70 100 0 31 94 at 2 2 TimePoint Time Yes 122 100 0 9420 06 at 3 2a TimePeriod Time Yes 7 100 0 540 50 at 4 2b PeriodOfActivity ProfessionalAspect Yes 13 100 0 1003 78 before 1 1 TimePoint DeicticTime

    Original URL path: http://www.clres.com/db/classes/ClassTemporal.php (2016-02-11)
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  • Topic Prepositions
    o er 16 7 over 16 7 onto 4 n re 2 1a relative to 3 2 respecting 1 1 round 2 1a to 14 6 concerning touching 1 1 upon 8 3 vis a vis 1 1 with 9 7 with reference to 1 1 with regard to 1 1 with respect to 1 1 particular aspect point or detail Focus of connection the complement establishes the item that is connected to or affected by some other element usually the governor pon 9 3a basis about 2 1a so as to affect for 2 2 in 6 4a quality or aspect of focus in accord with 1 1 consistent with in connection with 1 1 frequently a criminal act in light of 1 1 fact or condition in line with 1 1 consistent with in relation to 1 1 focus of comparison in terms of 1 1 measurement size role choice on 9 3a basis relative to 2 1a connection basis upon 9 3a basis Selection Criteria For the most part topic prepositions can have any kind of complement Topic complements range over the full set of possible syntactic types for prepositions simple nouns proper nouns wh clauses and ing clauses Governors are being examined and perhaps are generally verbs References Quirk R Greenbaum S Leech G and Svartik J 1985 A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language Longman New York 706 7 709 10 Comments to Ken Litkowski Modified August 22 2015 15 24 36 PDEP Topic Class 54 senses Preposition Sense Srtype Supersense Classed Count Pct NF pon 8 3 SubjectConsidered Topic Yes 0 100 0 0 19 pon 9 3a Basis Topic Yes 0 100 0 0 19 about 1 1 ThingConsidered Attribute Stimulus Topic Yes 218 100 0 9738 96 about 2 1a ThingAffected Topic Yes 8 100 0 357 39 anent 1 1 SubjectConsidered Yes 0 100 0 0 19 apropos 1 1 SubjectConsidered Yes 8 100 0 1 48 around 2 1a Basis Topic Yes 43 100 0 287 08 as for 1 1 SubjectConsidered Yes 46 100 0 28 40 as regards 1 1 SubjectReferenced Topic Yes 250 100 0 51 57 as to 1 1 SubjectConsidered Topic Yes 138 100 0 710 09 concerning 1 1 SubjectConsidered Topic Yes 250 100 0 407 16 for 2 2 ThingAffected Recipient Stimulus Theme Yes 113 100 0 17965 08 having regard to 1 1 SubjectConsidered Yes 134 100 0 24 86 in 6 4a SubjectConsidered Activity Attribute Patient Stimulus Topic Yes 41 100 0 15210 42 in accord with 1 1 SubjectAgreedWith Circumstance Yes 109 100 0 20 22 in connection with 1 1 SubjectConsidered Yes 249 100 0 182 53 in line with 1 1 SubjectAgreedWith Circumstance Yes 236 100 0 141 66 in re 1 1 SubjectConsidered Yes 3 100 0 0 56 in reference to 1 1 SubjectConsidered Yes 35 100 0 6 49 in regard to 1 1 SubjectConsidered Yes 183 100 0 33 95 in relation to 1

    Original URL path: http://www.clres.com/db/classes/ClassTopic.php (2016-02-11)
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  • Tributary Prepositions
    have been imported into the sense inventory of the orthographic varient it is unlikely that the distribution of the variants corresponds to the distribution of the base preposition Also the importing of the senses for the base preposition for all these variants may be viewed as artificially increasing the overall total of preposition senses 241 senses have been imported for these variants See Preposition Classes for how this class relates to other classes Category Types The categories for the tributary prepositions will be found under the base senses Here we note the prepositions for which the base senses have been imported into the sense inventory for the orthographic variant Imported cept 2 1 gainst 12 1 mongst 5 1 pon 23 1 afore 5 1 agin 12 1 amidst 3 1 betwixt 10 1 fore 5 1 frae 15 1 neath 7 1 nigh 6 1 o 19 1 o er 17 1 outta 10 1 outwith 5 1 sans 5 1 thro 14 1 thru 14 1 thwart 3 1 till 2 1 toward 6 1 upon 23 1 while 2 1 Comments to Ken Litkowski Modified July 27 2015 14 32 38 PDEP Tributary Class 24 senses Preposition Sense Srtype Supersense Classed Count Pct NF cept 2 1 All except Yes 0 100 0 0 19 gainst 12 1 All against Yes 0 100 0 0 19 mongst 5 1 All amongst Yes 0 100 0 0 19 pon 23 1 All on Yes 0 100 0 0 19 afore 5 1 All before Yes 0 100 0 0 19 agin 12 1 All against Yes 0 100 0 0 19 amidst 3 1 All amid Yes 0 100 0 0 19 betwixt 10 1 All between Yes 0 100 0 0 19 fore 5 1 All before

    Original URL path: http://www.clres.com/db/classes/ClassTributary.php (2016-02-11)
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  • CL Research Knowledge Management System

    (No additional info available in detailed archive for this subpage)
    Original URL path: /Knowledge%20Management%20System_files/frame.htm (2016-02-11)


  • Question Answering with XML-Tagged Documents
    Slide 1 of 16

    Original URL path: http://www.clres.com/TREC11/sld001.html (2016-02-11)
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  • Towards a Meaning-Full Comparison of Lexical Resources Frame Table of Contents
    Meaning Full Comparison of Lexical Resources Meaning Full The SENSEVAL Problem The Computational Mapping Problem The Lexical Resources The WordNet Hector Mapping Word Overlap Analysis Componential Analysis Technique Componential Analysis Results Dictionary Mappings WordNet Hector Mappings W3 OALD W3 AHD

    Original URL path: http://www.clres.com/siglex99/ftoc.html (2016-02-11)
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