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  • Dictatorship of the Air » Avia-Corner
    had come across I have a short film clip silent black and white it shows a large single engined monoplane and biplane and crews with locals at Urga Mongolia and Pekin China While it wasn t much to go on I knew right away what the subject was It s some rare footage documenting the USSR s first major international aerial expedition a 4 000 mile journey between Moscow and Peking that Soviet propagandists dubbed The Great Flight Continue Reading Discussion 1 Made in the USSR March 12 2008 3 06 pm Filed in 1920s 1930s Avia Corner Popular Culture Web Sites A note appearing this afternoon on the SEELANGS listserv alerts subscribers to a new website dedicated to Soviet material culture The site called Made in the USSR Treasures from the Soviet Atlantis contains over 500 images and photos of items produced in the Soviet Union It s a rather eclectic collection that includes everything from journals and posters to cigarette cases matchbook covers and Christmas ornaments Unfortunately the images are not accompanied by explanatory text so folks who aren t already well versed in Soviet history and culture may not grasp the significance of what they re seeing Still it s a terrific idea for a website The collection includes more than a few items directly related to aviation Several can be found by following the Early Soviet Stuff link at the bottom of the home page My favorite is this one It s a pin for Dobrolet the syndicate established in 1923 to oversee the development of the Soviet civil aviation system The airplane logo which also appeared on Dobrolet s official stationary rubber stamps and other items was designed by Aleksandr Rodchenko Last time I checked pins like this were fetching around 500 in Moscow flea markets Incidentally the very first item that shows up in the site s Early Soviet Stuff collection also has a tangential tie to aviation The item is an early edition of The Terrible Cockroach Тараканище a poem story by the famed children s author Kornei Chukovsky in which the eponymous insect wrecks terror on the animal kingdom In 1927 the film studio Sovkino made an animated version of The Terrible Cockroach At the end of the Sovkino cartoon an Osoaviakhim airplane arrived and sprayed insecticide on the bug ScP Discussion 1 Constantinople not Istanbul February 8 2008 1 31 pm Filed in 20th Century Avia Corner Futurism Kamensky Poetry Video The years that surrounded the turn of the twentieth century were marked by wide ranging artistic experimentation and innovation Influenced by the sights and sounds introduced through recent technological creations such as automobiles airplanes and the cinema artists of all genres began to incorporate the new sensations of speed dynamism and simultaneity into their creative works The most prominent early exponent of a new technologically informed art was the Italian editor and ideologue Filippo Tommaso Marinetti Enraptured by the dawning machine age Marinetti aimed to sweep aside the perspectives and

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  • Dictatorship of the Air » “Ever Higher”
    to produce propaganda materials that could be used to generate popular support for the Reds cause With the re capture of Kiev from Polish and Ukrainian troops in June 1920 Red Army commanders found themselves in possession of a small squadron of airplanes left behind by the fleeing Polish troops The planes would soon be put to use in both training and reconnaissance missions In the meantime German and Khait were commissioned to produce a song about the bravery and heroism of pilots that might inspire the ranks and perhaps encourage a few individuals to volunteer for flight training In an attempt to kindle the composers own creative efforts the pair were taken out to the aerodrome where the planes were stored and treated to a series of flights German and Khait delivered the new song the following day In subsequent years Ever Higher or Avia march as it is also known soared to widespread popularity Throughout the 1920s the song was prominently featured at public rallies military displays and aviation spectacles In August 1933 the USSR s Revolutionary Military Council Revvoensovet issued a decree establishing Ever Higher as the official anthem of the country s Military Air Forces VVS To this day the song remains one of the most recognized and popular tunes from the Soviet period A recording of Ever Higher can be downloaded here from Soviet Music Советская музыка an excellent on line repository containing more than 4 200 audio clips of Soviet era tunes Here s an English translation of the Russian lyrics 1 We were born to make fairy tales come true To conquer vast distance and space Our reason has made steel wings for our hands And throbbing engines our hearts have replaced Refrain Ever higher higher and higher We aim the flight of

    Original URL path: http://www.dictatorshipoftheair.com/2008/05/03/ever-higher/ (2016-04-26)
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  • Dictatorship of the Air » There’s no place like home…
    there late last week to deliver a couple of talks at my alma mater The University of Kansas and ended up staying a couple of extra days Many thanks to my friends and colleagues in the Department of History for their kindness and hospitality I always enjoy going home to visit But this past weekend I had a fantastic time as did a lot of other folks ROCK CHALK JAYHAWK

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  • Dictatorship of the Air » The Great Flight (Moscow–Peking)
    a Polikarpov R 2 and two Polikarpov R 1s According to the officials who organized the flight what made these airplanes unique was the fact that each had been manufactured either in whole or in part by Soviet factories By contemporary Soviet standards the Great Flight was an immensely ambitious undertaking Only two years removed from the founding of the Soviet aviation program in 1923 the Great Flight was intended to demonstrate how Bolshevik audacity and the persistence of Soviet workers had enabled the USSR to overcome the principal difficulties that lay in the way of conquering the aerial elements The six airplanes left Moscow on 10 June 1925 They were accompanied by military spokesmen and journalists from major newspapers as well as a representative from the State Telegraph Agency Rosta The journalists went along to monitor the progress of the Great Flight and to compose the feature stories that appeared daily in the country s press Two cameramen also flew aboard the aircraft in order to provide a visual record of the expedition At each designated landing site these representatives organized rallies delivered speeches orchestrated tours of the airplanes and disseminated the large amount of propaganda material carried aboard the aircraft The flight came to an end on 13 July 1925 when four of the original six planes landed in Peking The Great Flight was in fact much more than an expedition organized to test the abilities of Soviet air crews and airplanes It was the USSR s first prestige flight the precursor and model for the European tours of the late 1920s and the far more famous trans polar flights of the 1930s Jim graciously agreed to upload the clip to his YouTube channel where you can find a large collection of other aviation videos too Here it

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  • Dictatorship of the Air » Made in the USSR
    the images are not accompanied by explanatory text so folks who aren t already well versed in Soviet history and culture may not grasp the significance of what they re seeing Still it s a terrific idea for a website The collection includes more than a few items directly related to aviation Several can be found by following the Early Soviet Stuff link at the bottom of the home page My favorite is this one It s a pin for Dobrolet the syndicate established in 1923 to oversee the development of the Soviet civil aviation system The airplane logo which also appeared on Dobrolet s official stationary rubber stamps and other items was designed by Aleksandr Rodchenko Last time I checked pins like this were fetching around 500 in Moscow flea markets Incidentally the very first item that shows up in the site s Early Soviet Stuff collection also has a tangential tie to aviation The item is an early edition of The Terrible Cockroach Тараканище a poem story by the famed children s author Kornei Chukovsky in which the eponymous insect wrecks terror on the animal kingdom In 1927 the film studio Sovkino made an animated version of The

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  • Dictatorship of the Air » Constantinople (not Istanbul)
    aesthetic Of all the Russians who contributed to the emerging avant garde perhaps none was better suited to the role of technological prophet than Vasily Vasilievich Kamensky 1884 1961 Beginning in 1908 as editor of the poetry journal Spring Весна and later as a participant in the literary group Hylaea and contributor to the movement s foundational collection of poetry A Trap for Judges Садок судей 1910 Kamensky was among the earliest of the Cubo Futurists the most prominent Russian group to build on the ideas first developed by Marinetti No less important Kamensky was one of the very few Imperial Russian citizens who had direct experience with the era s most revolutionary technological device the airplane Kamensky s first encounter with aviation came in the summer of 1910 when he flew as a passenger along with Vladimir Lebedev one of Russia s earliest pilots and aircraft constructors Smitten by the passion for wings the poet resolved to master the new art of flying After placing an order for a Blériot XI of his own he traveled to Paris where he took some half dozen lessons from Louis Blériot himself Kamensky then returned to Russia to complete his informal training under the tutelage of Lebedev Within several months he had made enough progress that he was able to pass the flying exam administered by the Imperial All Russian Aero Club By the early spring of 1912 Kamensky had joined the small ranks of Imperial Russia s first licensed pilots As it turned out Kamensky s tenure as a pilot was short lived The poet s aerial career met an abrupt end only a few months after he had earned his wings Following a near fatal crash into a muddy bog Kamensky abandoned aviation and returned to literature Still the airborne experiences profoundly shaped his artistic vision In the years to come Kamensky worked to incorporate the sights sounds and sensations of the new technology into his poetry and prose The result was a series of radically new works that helped shape Cubo Futurism and in doing so contributed to the rise of modern aesthetics Typical of Kamensky s air minded Cubo Futurism was his 1912 poem The Flight of Vasya Kamensky on an Aeroplane to Warsaw which describes a pilot s sensations as he prepares to depart from an aerodrome Aside from the poem s subject matter which was itself quite novel it was the striking composition of the piece that set it apart from contemporary works Instructing his readers that the poem should be read from the bottom of the page upward Kamensky employed a series of progressively smaller typefaces to communicate the experience of observing an airplane s take off ascent and final disappearance into the horizon In retrospect the poem is an early indication of the immense contributions that Russians were poised to make in the written and visual arts A more extreme though less immediately obvious example of Kamensky s air minded artistry is his 1914

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  • Dictatorship of the Air » Avia-Corner
    brainchild or hellspawn you pick of the London based architectural firm Foster Partners Crystal Island will enclose nearly 27 million square feet of space within a 1 500 ft tall multi use structure that will feature 900 apartments 3 000 hotel rooms an international school for 500 students cinemas a theater a sports complex and more A 16 500 space underground parking lot is intended to accommodate visitors Continue Reading Discussion 0 What is to be Done December 23 2007 7 32 am Filed in Academic Publishing Avia Corner Historians Historiography This is the final part of a four part series of posts concerning The Past Present and Possible Future of Russian History in America For background information on this series click here Previous installments Part One Part Two and Part Three Cross posted from The Russian Front What is to be Done For scholars who have themselves been forced to curtail or forego altogether archival work owing to a lack of institutional support the relative decline in research money available to Russian historians may seem inconsequential It may even occasion a not altogether unjustifiable case of schadenfreude After all having long benefited disproportionately from federal largess scholars of Russia it stands to reason have little business whining about declining federal support as governmental attention shifts elsewhere Still while it is certainly true that Russian historians have for many years enjoyed access to funds not available to their colleagues studying say Britain France or Germany it is likewise true that Russian historians have not now nor are they likely anytime in the near future to have access to the kind of research support typically sponsored by Western European governments Given how little the Russian state has done to support the work of its own native scholars it is hard to imagine that it would ever consent to subsidizing research conducted by foreign graduate students and academics What would happen to American Ph D programs in European history if over the course of the next five years the governments in Paris and Berlin reduced by one half the number of Chateaubriand and DAAD fellowships available to U S scholars and graduate students needing to work in French and German archives This may well be the fate awaiting Russian historians Continue Reading Discussion 0 Revenge of the Nationalities December 20 2007 8 15 am Filed in Academic Publishing Avia Corner Historians Historiography This is the third of a four part series of posts concerning The Past Present and Possible Future of Russian History in America For background information on this series click here Previous installments Part One and Part Two Cross posted from The Russian Front Revenge of the Nationalities Despite the impressive work being done in the broad subfields of cultural political social and military history the most important trend to have emerged since 1991 has been the growing interest in the geographic and cultural peripheries of both Imperial Russia and the Soviet Union Recently awakened to the place of non

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  • Dictatorship of the Air » Poster Gallery
    the Polikarpov R 1 Discussion 0 If each of the 130 million citizens living in the USSR donated only a single kopeck to strengthen the air fleet the government would have enough money to build fifty airplanes Citizens Enroll in the Society of Friends of the Air Fleet c 1923 Appearing at a time when the country s economic and industrial infrastructure had collapsed from the effects of war revolution and civil war this poster was one of the first to make explicit the importance of industrial capacity to Soviet Russia s future emergence as an aviation power Note the visual contrast between the rural countryside represented by the windmill and the industrial landscape from which the fleet of airplanes emerges at the bottom of the poster Discussion 0 We have today 1 000 000 members Our goal is to have 3 000 000 members in ODVF by 14 July 1925 You should be in the ranks of the 3 000 000 1924 ODVF was but the first in a series of official voluntary organizations created in the 1920s by Bolshevik leaders to channel citizens into working on behalf of Party mandated causes Typically the success of these organizations was

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