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  • Dictatorship of the Air » We have today 1,000,000 members.
    000 000 1924 ODVF was but the first in a series of official voluntary organizations created in the 1920s by Bolshevik leaders to channel citizens into working on behalf of Party mandated causes Typically the success of these organizations was measured not by qualitative performance but rather by the size their membership Ironically by July 1925 ODVF had ceased to exist In May 1925 the organization was merged with the

    Original URL path: http://www.dictatorshipoftheair.com/2006/08/01/poster-3/ (2016-04-26)
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  • Dictatorship of the Air » 3,000,000 members in ODVF by 14 July 1925
    Gallery 3 000 000 members in ODVF by 14 July 1925 you should be among them 1924 Another poster dedicated to expanding the ranks of the voluntary society No comments yet RSS feed for comments on this post TrackBack URI

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  • Dictatorship of the Air » The ABCs of Dobrolet
    2006 7 30 pm Filed in Poster Gallery The ABCs of Dobrolet Modeled after contemporary reading primers this poster sought to eradicate aeronautical illiteracy among Soviet Russia s peasant population by introducing viewers to aviation related terms and the many new organizations created by Soviet officials No comments yet RSS feed for comments on this post TrackBack URI Leave a comment Name required Mail will not be published required Website

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  • Dictatorship of the Air » Poster Gallery
    peasant into pilot motif was a transparent metaphor of Russia s revolutionary transformation from a backward agrarian nation into a modern industrial power that would take place under the leadership of the Communist Party Discussion 2 Aviokhim destroys locusts Join Aviokhim 1925 In an effort to win peasant support for building the Red Air Fleet Communist Party propaganda during the 1920s focused on the ways in which aviation would be used to benefit the rural economy increase production and raise living standards Typical of the times this poster advertises Aviakhim s ability to improve agriculture by fighting the scourge of locusts Discussion 0 We will build the dirigible squadron named for Lenin 1931 In the aftermath of the 1931 tour of the Graf Zeppelin across the USSR the Soviet government launched a campaign to build a native fleet of Red zeppelins intended to rival the Germans efforts Aside from this well known poster which was reproduced in numerous languages spoken throughout the USSR the short lived dirigible construction program produced few results Discussion 0 Youth to airplanes 1934 Employing the photographic montage techniques that characterized the artistic movement known as Constructivism this poster s transposition of soaring airplanes and smiling

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  • Dictatorship of the Air » A Brief History of Russian History, 1945-1991
    nations of Western Europe which had managed to achieve considerable degrees of social and political stability the apparent distention of class tensions in urban Russia prior to the outbreak of the First World War was evidence that the tsarist system had proven incapable of transcending deep seated antagonisms produced by the maintenance of its traditional estate based soslovie society The effect of this interpretive innovation was not unlike Marx s reading of Hegel in which the German economist was said to have turned the philosopher on his head as Haimson reversed long held assumptions concerning the fundamental nature and evolution of Imperial society Central to his argument Haimson maintained that contradictions within the Imperial order actually prevented the further fruitful development of Russian political economic and social life In this view October 1917 was understood not as an unfortunate and avoidable coup resulting from Bolshevik conspiracy and the dislocations of war but rather as a popularly supported and socio economically conditioned revolution This revolution in turn made possible the transformation of Russian society from the archaic tsarist system into a new society of workers and peasants that would reestablish Russia on the path to modernity through the construction of socialism As a result of October Russia had corrected its wayward historical trajectory From these conclusions the view emerged that in the wake of the Revolution Soviet Russia was just another modernizing country attempting to attain the common European goal of a developed industrial economy albeit along a path distinct from that pursued by the capitalist West 10 Arguments concerning the manifest failures of tsarism notwithstanding the subsequent evolution of the one party state the purges and show trials produced a dilemma for scholars sympathetic to October and the cause of social history If Soviet Russia indeed represented an alternative path towards modernization made possible by a revolution undertaken from below how could one explain the destructive state directed developments of the Gulag and Terror The attempt to address this apparent inconsistency led to new directions in the study of the Soviet past that focused increasing attention upon the 1920s and 1930s In order to account for the excesses of the thirties some revisionist scholars drew distinctions between the more or less democratic order intended by Lenin and the authoritarian reality associated with Stalin 11 They argued that the popular social revolution inspired by the Russian people and guided by Lenin had been fundamentally transformed by the social and political pressures increasingly placed upon the Party in the years that followed the Civil War In support of this view attempts were made to identify possible alternatives to the horrific events of the 1930s by investigating the policies and personalities that had been defeated by Stalin during the course of the 1920s 12 Particular attention was devoted to the New Economic Policy NEP of 1921 1925 as an indication of the alternative direction that the country might have taken had other figures triumphed or had Lenin lived 13 Ultimately these scholars endeavored to demonstrate that the popularly supported social revolution launched in 1917 was thrown off track by the aberration of Stalinism By decoupling Stalin s real crimes from Lenin s alleged intentions these revisionists hoped to preserve the moral legitimacy of socialism while simultaneously demonstrating that the system despite a temporary detour into terror had the capacity to return to its democratic and progressive roots A more intrepid explanation for the advent of Stalinism was articulated by Sheila Fitzpatrick In a radical departure from those revisionists eager to distance true Bolshevism from Stalinism Fitzpatrick acknowledged that Stalin s excesses were indeed the real fulfillment of the Leninist legacy Focusing on the pressures produced by economic problems and social conflicts during the 1920s and 1930s Fitzpatrick contended that answers to the Stalinist conundrum could be found not in politics but in the dynamic relationships between distinctive social groups and classes In her view the origins of and support for Stalinist excesses were located below amid the ranks of the populace competing for power status and apartments during a period when the Soviet regime was busily constructing its governing administration In this view the Soviet Union of the 1930s appeared much like any other state operating under difficult circumstances Fitzpatrick concluded that the meaning of the Russian revolution could be identified by the formula of terror progress and upward mobility 14 Following the path blazed by Fitzpatrick other historians would attempt to normalize the madness of the 1930s by downplaying Stalin s role in the purges and the number of his victims 15 The questions raised and conclusions reached by the practitioners of the revisionist school of social history produced a contentious and sometimes personal debate in which scholars on both sides of the historiographical divide attempted to demonstrate the moral political and or methodological shortcomings supposedly evident in their opponents scholarship In numerous essays roundtables and polemics historians contested each other s findings and motivations all the while professing the accuracy and objectivity and their own research 16 In many respects the debate engendered by the partisans from below was a helpful development that enlivened Russian history by introducing new methods and raising new questions In other respects however the debate proved damaging by polarizing the profession along largely generational lines Still by the mid 1980s the historiographical shift had been completed as the revisionists found themselves entrenched as the field s prevailing orthodoxy Ironically the greatest challenge to the interpretive approach developed by social historians came not from a contrary band of historians but from the vicissitudes of history itself With the collapse of the USSR in 1991 those who had searched for divergent paradigms within the system suddenly found themselves without a system from which to draw their paradigms In the aftermath of The Fall questions concerning the legitimacy of the October experiment and dis continuities between Lenin and Stalin quickly became irrelevant In a similar vein attempts to assess the usefulness or otherwise of Soviet alternatives no longer appeared

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  • Dictatorship of the Air » “Scholarship at the Crossroads”
    of interest to specialists as well Beginning late tomorrow and continuing over the course of the next ten days or so I will post a series of installments containing the main text of the JHS essay I welcome TRF readers to comment on the points made in the article or at least to think about the developments that the article addresses The TRF version of Scholarship at the Crossroads does differ from the original in several respects For example I have eliminated many of the footnotes appearing in the journal article by providing direct links to works mentioned in the text In other cases I have updated or added information to reflect more recent events Note The definitive version of this essay is located at www blackwell synergy com To access it click here 4 Responses to Scholarship at the Crossroads 1 Dictatorship of the Air A Brief History of Russian History 1945 1991 Pinged With December 10 2007 8 06 pm This is the first of a four part series of posts concerning The Past Present and Possible Future of Russian History in America For background information on this series click here 2 Dictatorship of the Air From under the Rubble Pinged With December 15 2007 9 00 am This is the second of a four part series of posts concerning The Past Present and Possible Future of Russian History in America For background information on this series click here For Part One here Cross posted from The Russian Front 3 Dictatorship of the Air Revenge of the Nationalities Pinged With December 20 2007 8 15 am This is the third of a four part series of posts concerning The Past Present and Possible Future of Russian History in America For background information on this series click here Previous

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  • Dictatorship of the Air » Air Crew (Ekipazh)
    the attention the boy gives his father when the pilot returns home from abroad Increasingly she directs her anger toward the boy The couple s martial tensions come to a head when Alevtina demands a divorce Believing that he will be granted custody of their son Nenarokov agrees To his dismay the court awards the boy to Alevtina The aircrew s final member is flight engineer Igor Skvortsov played by Leonid Filatov Skvortsov bears all the trappings of a modern day Don Juan He is a jet setting playboy who uses his glamorous career and access to high tech foreign consumer goods to seduce and bed as many women as possible As the film begins he has recently met and quickly conquers the young and pretty stewardess Tamara Aleksandra Yakovleva Aasmyae who serves aboard his aircraft Tamara is aware of Skvortsov s amorous past Still she falls hard for the aviator She believes that she can win his heart and begs him not toss her aside like his earlier women Skvortsov is taken by the stewardess He too has fallen in love By all appearances Tamara s affections have convinced Skvortsov that it is time to settle down The budding relationship between Skvortsov and Tamara is thrown into turmoil when a former girlfriend shows up unexpectedly at the flier s apartment Although Skvortsov only reluctantly allows her in and fends off her comely advances he is busted when Tamara arrives The stewardess is crushed Believing that her love has betrayed her Tamara announces that their relationship is finished Skvortsov s subsequent attempts to win her back by proposing marriage fail With their personal lives having reached states of crisis the members of the air crew are summoned to fly a dangerous relief mission An earthquake has struck the fictional city of Bidri located somewhere high in the mountains Dozens of gravely injured citizens must be evacuated even as aftershocks sporadic fires and chaos continue to threaten the beleaguered metropolis Timchenko and crew fly through treacherous mountain passes in stormy weather to land at the city s airport They begin overseeing the boarding of wounded citizens As the aircraft sits on the runway tarmac a new series of tremors strike Bidri Collapsing buildings and falling debris add scores more to the mounting number of victims Weakened by the seismic activity a nearby dam located in the mountains above the city gives way sending a wall of water into the metropolis below As the flood engulfs city and citizens it knocks out the local electric plant and severely damages the oil refinery The refinery ignites The scourge of fire is added to the living Hell facing Bidri s masses Amid continuing temblors and a rapidly raging conflagration Timchenko and his crew must act They must attempt a perilous take off from the mountain runway or face certain death in a Holocaust of Biblical proportions By all appearances Air Crew looks very much like an Soviet rip off of contemporary American disaster films

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  • Dictatorship of the Air » Films
    between 1970 and 1979 were on the whole rather depressing Even America s national pastime suffered embarassment and disgrace Given the zeitgeist of the seventies it s probably no coincidence that the disastrous decade coincided with the golden age of the disaster film Movies about the masses facing impending doom ruled at the box office Just a quick survey of the Internet Movie Database IMDb turns up more than two dozen such films from award winning box office successes like Earthquake 1974 The Poseidon Adventure 1972 and The Towering Inferno 1974 to less well known yarns The Cassandra Crossing 1976 City on Fire 1979 made for TV thrillers Heat Wave 1974 The Day the Earth Moved 1974 Flood 1976 and one infamous B movie flop Among the many disaster films that graced the silver screen movies about airplanes were particularly prominent Much of the reason had to with the immense success of the decade s first smash hit Airport 1970 which pulled in a then whopping 45 million in receipts Airport s success led to a string of lesser sequels Airport 1975 Airport 77 and the abysmal The Concorde Airport 1979 By decade s end airplane disaster flicks had become

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