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  • Ethnologue
    of this month we ll release the 19th edition of the Ethnologue We look forward to the changes and updates that will be part of that At the same time I take a look back at the last 10 years and the changes I ve seen during my time as an editor Read More Language of the Day Bats A language of Georgia Population 3 420 2000 Active users may be far fewer than 3 000 Salminen 2007 Status 7 Shifting Lg Use Modern Bats heavily influenced by Georgian kat Traditional Bats perhaps known by a few Read More Ethnologue Products Ethnologue is the comprehensive reference work that catalogs all the known living languages in the world today In addition to this web site it is made available in a variety of other products books country reports datasets downloadable maps Read more Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print Edition 17th Edition 16th Edition 15th Edition 14th Edition 13th Edition Related Sites SIL org ScriptSource ISO 639 3 Contact SIL International Publications 7500 West Camp Wisdom Road Dallas

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/ (2016-02-12)
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  • Subscribe | Ethnologue
    languages literacy rates deaf population and more Maps View detailed maps of the languages in each region Language Tree Trace the main families of language throughout human history and learn where each language fits in the tree You ve got complimentary access Get started for 9 95 a month or 60 a year Subscribe Now Your subscription is active Manage subscription Discounted subscriptions are available for your institution library or classroom Contact Us Want to post feedback Create a free contributor account to post feedback for our editors to consider You can also be notified whenever someone posts a contribution to the language country or region you are interested in Create Free Account Interested in just one country Instead of subscribing you can purchase a detailed PDF report on your country of interest You ll get language profiles maps statistical summaries and language lists by population status language family and more View Country Reports Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print Edition 17th Edition 16th Edition 15th Edition 14th Edition 13th Edition Related Sites SIL org ScriptSource ISO

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  • World | Ethnologue
    Africa Population 1 101 542 500 Living Languages 2 138 Languages by Status Institutional 194 Developing 542 Vigorous 1 026 In Trouble 245 Dying 131 Americas Population 952 858 083 Living Languages 1 064 Languages by Status Institutional 37 Developing 234 Vigorous 145 In Trouble 309 Dying 339 Asia Population 4 278 072 000 Living Languages 2 301 Languages by Status Institutional 203 Developing 362 Vigorous 856 In Trouble 693 Dying 187 Europe Population 735 922 782 Living Languages 286 Languages by Status Institutional 73 Developing 81 Vigorous 31 In Trouble 50 Dying 51 Pacific Population 38 469 889 Living Languages 1 313 Languages by Status Institutional 71 Developing 379 Vigorous 421 In Trouble 234 Dying 208 Browse the Regions Africa Americas Asia Europe Pacific Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print Edition 17th Edition 16th Edition 15th Edition 14th Edition 13th Edition Related Sites SIL org ScriptSource ISO 639 3 Contact SIL International Publications 7500 West Camp Wisdom Road Dallas TX 75236 5629 USA publications intl sil org T 972 708 7404 F 972 708 7363 Contact

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/world (2016-02-12)
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  • Language Development | Ethnologue
    also the uses of the language in a variety of media and for as many functions as the speech community finds useful Evaluating language development Ethnologue provides data not only on the factors which are indicators of endangerment but also on numerous indicators of development Notable among the data that we report are Identification of the writing systems in use both currently and historically Literacy rates in the language as well as in the dominant languages in the region The existence of various kinds of literature including poetry stories translated materials including health and development literature and the Bible and other print media such as newspapers and magazines The use of the language in the broadcast media radio television recorded materials on compact disc tape digital video discs etc or in films and videos The use of the language in so called new media such as on web pages in chat rooms podcasts and MP3 downloads and for SMS texting on mobile phones or other electronic devices The use of the language for governance The use of the language by others as their second language These indicators of the state of development of a language are presented within the language entries according to their nature and focus see Language development under Language Information In those cases where most of these development types are amply present rather than listing them all separately we simply categorize a language as fully developed Language development and the EGIDS We report a summary evaluation of the vitality of the languages of the world by using the Expanded Graded Intergenerational Disruption Scale or EGIDS Lewis and Simons 2010 an adaptation and expansion of Fishman s 1991 Graded Intergenerational Disruption Scale GIDS In each language entry under the label Status an estimate of the development versus endangerment of every identified language in each country where that language is spoken is reported see Language Status for the definitions of the levels In the middle of the scale is level 6a Vigorous These languages are represented by the green bars in the summary graphs these are not developing but neither are they endangered since they enjoy vigorous face to face use in daily life by all generations We report this to be the condition of 2 479 or 35 of the 7 102 known living languages in the world The first step up the development side of the EGIDS scale is level 5 Developing These languages are represented by the blue bars in the summary graphs they are in the initial stages of development graphization standardization modernization Literature in a standardized form is being used by some though this is not yet widespread or sustainable We report this to be the condition of 1 598 or 23 of the 7 102 known living languages in the world All of the remaining levels on the development side of the EGIDS scale 4 and higher have in common that the language has been developed to the point that it is used

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/language-development (2016-02-12)
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  • Endangered Languages | Ethnologue
    endangerment recognize the implications of the loss of linguistic diversity both for the linguistic and social environment generally and for the academic community which is devoted to the study of language as a human phenomenon Evaluating language endangerment The best way to identify the level of vitality of a language has not always been clear However a scholarly consensus that can be applied worldwide is developing and a global evaluation of the state of language vitality is becoming increasingly possible Sociolinguists and linguistic anthropologists seek to identify trends in language use through the description of some direct measures of language vitality such as changes in the number of speakers or in the use of the language in certain domains or functions Less directly an increase in bilingualism both in the number of bilinguals and in their proficiency levels is often associated with these trends though a high level of bilingualism is not in itself a sufficient condition for language shift or death In addition there are numerous economic political and social factors that affect a community s self perception and motivations Ethnologue reports data that are indicators of the two major dimensions of language use users and functions When data are available we report the following factors which may contribute to the assessment of language endangerment The speaker population The ethnic population the number of those who connect their ethnic identity with the language whether or not they speak the language The stability of and trends in that population size Residency and migration patterns of speakers The use of second languages The use of the language by others as a second language Language attitudes within the community The age range of the speakers The domains of use of the language Official recognition of languages within the nation or region Means of transmission whether children are learning the language at home or being taught the language in schools Non linguistic factors such as economic opportunity or the lack thereof Such factors interact within a society in dynamic ways that are not entirely predictable but which do follow recognizable patterns and trends The general scholarly consensus however is that the key factor in gauging the relative safety of an endangered language is the degree to which intergenerational transmission of the language remains intact Language endangerment and the EGIDS Because of the complexity of the interrelated factors it is helpful to categorize the vitality of a language using a summary label Various schemas have been proposed each with a particular focus For various reasons none of these are entirely adequate for a comprehensive global assessment of the state of the world s languages The Expanded Graded Intergenerational Disruption Scale or EGIDS Lewis and Simons 2010 was developed specifically to fill this gap We report a vitality estimate for every identified language in each country where that language is spoken This is done by reporting the estimated EGIDS level in each language entry under the label Status see Language Status for the definitions of

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/endangered-languages (2016-02-12)
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  • Summary by world area | Ethnologue
    of the column represents the total number of living languages in the world A language that is spoken in more than one country is counted under the area of its primary country This has the effect of counting the languages by their area of origin The Total column gives the total number of people who use those languages as their first language regardless of where in the world they may live Note for instance that the population given in the row for Europe is nearly twice the actual population of Europe This is because it is a count of speakers of European languages some of which are now used as a first language in other parts of the world due to the colonial expansion of the last few centuries Since it is a count of first language speakers any given person should be counted only once As a result the total at the bottom of the column approximates the total world population Note however that the total is somewhat less than the actual world population at present This is because the Ethnologue lacks population estimates for about 4 of the languages and because it does not automatically extrapolate population estimates to the current year but waits for reports from reliable sources The Percent columns give the share of the count for that area as a percentage of the total number listed at the bottom of the Count column The Mean column gives the average number of speakers per language while the Median column gives the middle value in the distribution of language populations that is half of the languages have more speakers than that number and half have that number or fewer Table 1 Distribution of world languages by area of origin Area Living languages Number of speakers Count Percent

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/statistics (2016-02-12)
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  • About the Ethnologue | Ethnologue
    language size language status language family and country extensive bibliography of references cited over 200 color language maps About the 18th edition Over 12 000 updates have been made to the Ethnologue database since the 17th edition was released one year ago While we are always processing additional research and any feedback received from users every year we also give proactive attention to some part of the data In this edition we have focused on soliciting review of information on the languages of Africa As a result of these efforts the descriptions of 4 447 languages contain at least one update Because languages are dynamic variable and constantly changing the total number of living languages in the world cannot be known precisely Therefore that number changes as knowledge of the world s languages improves This edition lists a total of 7 102 living languages worldwide a net decrease of 4 living languages since the 17th edition of Ethnologue was published one year ago This is the result of updating Ethnologue to align with the 2014 series of changes to the ISO 639 3 inventory of languages That standard removed 17 languages listed as living in the previous edition 11 being merged with other languages and 6 being removed because they were duplicates or could not be substantiated as ever having been a language Conversely 13 languages are newly listed as living 7 being added by the standard as not having been previously identified and 6 being shifted within Ethnologue out of the status of extinct or unattested In addition to living languages Ethnologue also contains data on languages which have gone out of use since the first appearance of the publication over 60 years ago This edition lists 367 such recently extinct languages Ancient classical and long extinct languages are

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/about (2016-02-12)
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  • Ethnoblog | Ethnologue
    Central is that we aim to provide language information that is Clear Concise and Comprehensive and if you need another alliterative item Correct of course Those goals don t always align easily Sometimes by being concise we lose clarity Read more 1 Oct Migration and Language Contact Almost daily now we see headlines about migrants who are fleeing the violence in Syria and who are making their way into Europe and elsewhere with the hope that they might find safety in a better place Read more 1 Sep What I did on my summer vacation I ve been away from Ethnologue Central for several weeks now not exactly on holiday but certainly having a wonderfully productive time Most of this extended trip has involved significant events related to the Ethnologue Read more 1 Aug The books are here Last month I talked about the whiz bang process we use to transform the data we have locked away in our database into the printed volumes that you can order from your favorite bookseller Read more 1 Jul Tom Swift and His Electronic Book Machine Sometime in the next few weeks the Ethnologue 18th edition print volumes should become available through your preferred bookseller Read more 1 Jun Language extinction it s real it s serious and it s hard but getting easier to assess In response to last month s Ethnoblog post a reader commented that the topic of language extinction and the way Ethnologue reports on it is confusing Read more 1 May More use of the Ethnologue data There is a growing body of evidence that linguistic diversity and biological diversity are linked A recent publication from Conservation International examines some of that evidence The volume authored by L J Read more Pages 1 2 3 4 next last

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/ethnoblog (2016-02-12)
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