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  • Terms of Use | Ethnologue
    Fair Use Guidelines free of charge and without further permission Electronic data products purchased from SIL International such as the Ethnologue Global Dataset are subject to licensing restrictions as specified for each product Terms of Use for Maps and Graphics Terms of use for the maps and graphics found on the website are described in a separate Map Licenses page There is a default license for limited free use of the low resolution watermarked maps but licenses for high resolution watermark free maps are also available for purchase Terms of Use for Language Code Download Tables In the interest of fostering the use of ISO 639 3 for the uniform identification of all the world s languages in information systems SIL International releases certain information from the Ethnologue database for use in the development of information systems specifically information that describes language identifiers in terms of alternate names and countries where spoken You are welcome to download the information as provided and incorporate the supplied tables into your own database application You are authorized to include the information in a product that you make available to the public even on a commercial basis provided that you cite SIL International and this web site www ethnologue com as the source of the information do not modify or extend the codes other than those set aside for local use i e qaa to qtz do not redistribute the code tables for download and use only the data in the tables and no other data posted on this site Other information on this site should be accessed by supplying a link like the following where abc is an ISO 639 3 code http www ethnologue com language abc SIL International periodically updates the supplied information and intends this site to be the sole distribution source in order to ensure uniformity of versions You are not authorized to redistribute the code tables for download whether in the exact form they were obtained from this site or in a modified form you have developed without the written consent of SIL International see instructions above Privacy Policy Ethnologue com does not send unsolicited or spam e mail and does not sell rent or trade its e mail lists to third parties Personal information that you supply to us when you become a registered user will be used solely for the purposes of implementing the comment and feedback functions on the Ethnologue Feedback pages We ask you for your name and e mail address so that we can communicate with you about your comments and feedback You may opt out of receiving information from SIL and Ethnologue about updates or products as they become available If you have any questions or concerns regarding our privacy policy please e mail or mail your question to us at 7500 W Camp Wisdom Rd Dallas TX 75236 External Links disclaimer Some links in the Ethnologue point to documents and sites which are not located within the ethnologue com or sil

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/terms-use (2016-02-12)
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  • Americas | Ethnologue
    by Status Institutional 4 Developing 12 Vigorous 2 In Trouble 84 Dying 154 South America Population 399 042 000 Living Languages 459 Languages by Status Institutional 16 Developing 112 Vigorous 56 In Trouble 135 Dying 140 Browse the Regions Caribbean Central America Northern America South America Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/region/Americas (2016-02-12)
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  • Pacific | Ethnologue
    Living Languages 27 Languages by Status Institutional 11 Developing 4 Vigorous 4 In Trouble 5 Dying 3 Polynesia Population 674 189 Living Languages 19 Languages by Status Institutional 5 Developing 3 In Trouble 11 Browse the Regions Australia and New Zealand Melanesia Micronesia Polynesia Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/region/Pacific (2016-02-12)
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  • Asia | Ethnologue
    000 Living Languages 13 Languages by Status Institutional 5 Developing 1 Vigorous 2 In Trouble 4 Dying 1 Eastern Asia Population 1 593 565 000 Living Languages 288 Languages by Status Institutional 21 Developing 21 Vigorous 101 In Trouble 112 Dying 33 South Eastern Asia Population 624 485 000 Living Languages 1 253 Languages by Status Institutional 79 Developing 199 Vigorous 447 In Trouble 417 Dying 111 Southern Asia Population 1 745 989 000 Living Languages 659 Languages by Status Institutional 79 Developing 135 Vigorous 287 In Trouble 129 Dying 29 Western Asia Population 248 863 000 Living Languages 88 Languages by Status Institutional 19 Developing 6 Vigorous 19 In Trouble 31 Dying 13 Browse the Regions Central Asia South Eastern Asia Southern Asia Western Asia Eastern Asia Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print Edition 17th Edition 16th Edition 15th Edition 14th Edition 13th Edition Related Sites SIL org ScriptSource ISO 639 3 Contact SIL International Publications 7500 West Camp Wisdom Road Dallas TX 75236 5629 USA publications intl sil org T 972 708 7404 F 972

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/region/Asia (2016-02-12)
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  • Europe | Ethnologue
    by Status Institutional 21 Developing 16 Vigorous 8 In Trouble 13 Dying 8 Western Europe Population 189 360 000 Living Languages 50 Languages by Status Institutional 9 Developing 19 Vigorous 10 In Trouble 11 Dying 1 Browse the Regions Eastern Europe Northern Europe Southern Europe Western Europe Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/region/Europe (2016-02-12)
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  • Africa | Ethnologue
    Population 366 551 500 Living Languages 431 Languages by Status Institutional 82 Developing 136 Vigorous 139 In Trouble 53 Dying 21 Middle Africa Population 134 641 000 Living Languages 676 Languages by Status Institutional 32 Developing 157 Vigorous 350 In Trouble 96 Dying 41 Northern Africa Population 211 800 000 Living Languages 97 Languages by Status Institutional 8 Developing 22 Vigorous 17 In Trouble 36 Dying 14 Southern Africa Population 60 630 000 Living Languages 48 Languages by Status Institutional 14 Developing 6 Vigorous 19 In Trouble 3 Dying 6 Western Africa Population 327 920 000 Living Languages 886 Languages by Status Institutional 58 Developing 221 Vigorous 501 In Trouble 57 Dying 49 Browse the Regions Eastern Africa Northern Africa Southern Africa Western Africa Middle Africa Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print Edition 17th Edition 16th Edition 15th Edition 14th Edition 13th Edition Related Sites SIL org ScriptSource ISO 639 3 Contact SIL International Publications 7500 West Camp Wisdom Road Dallas TX 75236 5629 USA publications intl sil org T 972 708 7404 F 972 708 7363

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/region/Africa (2016-02-12)
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  • Institutional or Group Subscription Inquiry | Ethnologue
    address domain Other Message Any other details that will help us estimate for your organization Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print Edition 17th Edition 16th Edition 15th Edition 14th Edition 13th Edition Related Sites SIL org ScriptSource ISO 639 3 Contact SIL International Publications 7500 West Camp

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  • Language Information | Ethnologue
    primary entry when a language is spoken in multiple countries Language status This part of the entry reports the estimate of the status of the language in the country on the Expanded Graded Intergeneratonal Disruption Scale EGIDS see the complete section on Language Status for a listing of the levels If the language has been officially recognized in legislation or serves official functions at the national or provincial levels there is an additional note naming the nature of the recognition and function If the recognition is statutory the statute is identified The categories for recognition and function are described in the section on Official Recognition If the reported language status is EGIDS 3 Wider Communication and the data are available the use of this language as a language of wider communication by L1 speakers of other languages is identified Classification This part of the entry names the linguistic affiliation of the language including macrolanguage membership if applicable All languages are slowly changing and linguistically related varieties may be diverging or merging Most languages are related to other languages to some more closely and to others more distantly Linguists have used terms such as phylum stock family branch group language and dialect to refer to these relationships in increasing order of linguistic similarity Linguistic classification The classification information for each language follows the general order from largest grouping to smallest More inclusive group names are given first followed by the names for less inclusive subgroups separated by commas Language classification information comes from a variety of sources The Ethnologue attempts to report the generally accepted consensus of scholars working in the language family based on published works and scholarly review The sources on which the classifications are based are not overtly cited in the language entry but may be included in the list of general references listed at the country level The sources used for classifications are available on request by contacting the Editor see Contact us A listing of the highest level language families including the number of languages average populations and countries where spoken is given in the Statistical Summaries The family trees may be browsed by going to Browse by Language Family Macrolanguage membership If an individual language is a member of a macrolanguage see Macrolanguages in The problem of language identification that fact is reported following the language classification information The listing gives the name of the macrolanguage of which the individual language is a member the name of the primary country under which its entry is found if different from the current country and the ISO code for the macrolanguage By looking up that entry it is possible to find a list of all the members of the macrolanguage Dialects This part of the entry gives information about the names of dialects of the language It may also describe the relationships among dialects or to other languages in terms of dialect intelligibility and lexical similarity Dialect names Speech varieties which are functionally intelligible to each others speakers because of linguistic similarity are generally considered dialects of the same language and the names of all such dialects are listed under that language In addition alternate names for individual dialects are listed in parentheses following the primary name for the dialect When one of these names is known to be offensive to its speakers it is placed in double quotes and tagged as pejorative with the abbreviation pej as is also done for alternate language names The listing of dialect names does not represent the results of rigorous dialectological investigations As with the alternate names the list of dialect names includes all names reported to us which may at one time or another have been used in reference to some variety of a language Some of these names are village or regional names and may not actually represent significant linguistic variants In a few cases the ISO 639 3 standard has assigned individual language identification codes to varieties which we on the advice of our contributors and consultants have included in our list of dialects In those very few cases we depart from the ISO 639 3 standard and do not list these varieties separately as individual languages Intelligibility and dialect relations A measure of inherent intelligibility with other varieties is given by percent Values of less than 85 are likely to signal difficulty in comprehension of the indicated language The ability of the users of one variety to understand another variety based only on the similarity of those two varieties is called inherent intelligibility Intelligibility may not be reciprocal or mutual thus the wording of the intelligibility description may indicate the direction of the intelligibility e g 85 intelligibility of another variety or 85 intelligibility by speakers of another variety If the direction of intelligibility is not indicated e g 85 intelligibility with another variety or is identified as being mutual it should be understood as being reciprocal with speakers of each of the varieties mentioned understanding each other equally well The ability of speakers to understand another variety because of previous exposure to it or learning is called acquired intelligibility and may be commented on in some language entries Lexical similarity The percentage of lexical similarity between two linguistic varieties is determined by comparing a set of standardized wordlists and counting those forms that show similarity in both form and meaning Percentages higher than 85 usually indicate a speech variant that is likely a dialect of the language with which it is being compared Unlike intelligibility lexical similarity is bidirectional or reciprocal Typology For some languages brief lists of linguistic features of the language are given Constituent order e g Subject Object Verb SOV is the most commonly reported feature Other basic characteristics that are of particular interest to linguists are also reported when the data is available In a growing number of cases these listings are more extensive and cover a range of linguistic features including information about the existence of prepositions versus postpositions constituent

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/about/language-info (2016-02-12)
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