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  • Chinese, Mandarin | Ethnologue
    Mainly Taipei and 5 provincial cities Alternate Names Guoyu Kuoyu Mandarin Putonghua Dialects Taibei Mandarin Status 1 National De facto national language Language Use Many 30 50 year olds also use Taiwan Min Nan nan Language Development Kuoyu taught in all schools Writing Bopomofo script Bopo used since 1913 mainly used in Taiwan Braille script Brai Han script Simplified variant Hans used since 1956 official in Mainland China 1956 and Singapore 1969 also used elsewhere Han script Traditional variant Hant used since mid 19th century official in Taiwan also used elsewhere Latin script Latn Other Comments Traditional religion Buddhist Christian View other languages of China Taiwan Indonesia Language name Chinese Mandarin Population 460 000 in Indonesia 1982 increasing Location Scattered throughout Indonesia Status 3 Wider communication Language Use Also use Indonesian ind Writing Bopomofo script Bopo used since 1913 mainly used in Taiwan Braille script Brai Han script Simplified variant Hans used since 1956 official in Mainland China 1956 and Singapore 1969 also used elsewhere Han script Traditional variant Hant used since mid 19th century official in Taiwan also used elsewhere Latin script Latn Other Comments Mandarin is sometimes taught in National Plus schools with English and Indonesian View other languages of Indonesia Malaysia Language name Chinese Mandarin Population Recent census figures do not detail the number of Mandarin speakers Location Peninsular Sabah and Sarawak Status 1 National Statutory national working language 1996 Education Act No 550 Articles 2 and 18 Language Use Positive attitudes Language Development Taught in primary and secondary schools Writing Bopomofo script Bopo used since 1913 mainly used in Taiwan Braille script Brai Han script Simplified variant Hans used since 1956 official in Mainland China 1956 and Singapore 1969 also used elsewhere Han script Traditional variant Hant used since mid 19th century official in Taiwan also used elsewhere Latin script Latn Other Comments Primarily urban in commerce View other languages of Malaysia Mongolia Language name Chinese Mandarin Population 35 000 in Mongolia Johnstone 1993 11 300 ethnic Khoton speak a form of Mandarin Chinese cmn Location Northwest Uvs Aimag Alternate Names Hoton Hui Hui Zu Hytad Khoton Mandarin Northern Chinese Qotong Xui Status 5 Dispersed Language Use Also use Halh Mongolian khk Language Development Literacy rate in L2 High literacy rate in Halh or Mandarin Writing Bopomofo script Bopo used since 1913 mainly used in Taiwan Braille script Brai Han script Simplified variant Hans used since 1956 official in Mainland China 1956 and Singapore 1969 also used elsewhere Han script Traditional variant Hant used since mid 19th century official in Taiwan also used elsewhere Latin script Latn Other Comments Traditional religion View other languages of Mongolia Myanmar Language name Chinese Mandarin Population 500 000 in Myanmar 1994 Location North Shan State small groups around the country Alternate Names Tayok Dialects Kokang Kokant Status 5 Dispersed Language Use Vigorous All domains All ages Positive attitudes Also use Burmese mya Used as L2 by Burmese mya Drung duu Parauk Wa prk Rumai Palaung rbb Tai Loi tlq Tai

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/language/cmn (2016-02-13)
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  • Chinese, Min Bei | Ethnologue
    at least 9 varieties which are inherently mutually unintelligible A member of macrolanguage Chinese zho Typology Tonal Language Use All ages Also use Mandarin Chinese cmn Language Development Literacy rate in L2 91 2000 census Han nationality Highly literate in Chinese and they use that literature NT 1934 Language Resources OLAC resources in and about Chinese Min Bei Writing Latin script Latn from 1896 to some time after last publication in 1922 Other Comments Buddhist Christian Daoist Chinese Min Bei Also spoken in Expand All Collapse All Singapore Language name Chinese Min Bei Population 4 000 in Singapore 1985 Ethnic population 11 000 Alternate Names Min Pei Dialects Hokchia Hockchew Status 6b Threatened Writing Latin script Latn from 1896 to some time after last publication in 1922 View other languages of Singapore Place in Language Cloud Click to enlarge with explanation Ethnologue Products Languages of China An Ethnologue Country Report 217 pp 24 95 Add to cart Language Map of Southern China An Ethnologue Language Map 24 95 Add to cart Browse all products Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/language/mnp (2016-02-13)
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  • Chinese, Min Dong | Ethnologue
    in Brunei 2006 Dialects Foochow Status 3 Wider communication Writing Han script Simplified variant Hans used since 1987 Han script Traditional variant Hant Latin script Latn devised and revised to final form during late 19th century Other Comments Buddhist Christian Daoist View other languages of Brunei Indonesia Language name Chinese Min Dong Population Few speakers Location Scattered throughout Java and Bali provinces Alternate Names Foochow Hokchiu Min Dong Dialects Xinghua Hsinghua Status 8a Moribund Language Use Most remaining speakers are of the grandparent generation Writing Han script Simplified variant Hans used since 1987 Han script Traditional variant Hant Latin script Latn devised and revised to final form during late 19th century View other languages of Indonesia Malaysia Language name Chinese Min Dong Population 252 000 in Malaysia 2004 Location Sarawak mostly in Sibu Sarikei Bintangor towns Dialects Foochow Fuzhou Status 6b Threatened Language Use Some young people all adults Writing Han script Simplified variant Hans used since 1987 Han script Traditional variant Hant Latin script Latn devised and revised to final form during late 19th century View other languages of Malaysia Singapore Language name Chinese Min Dong Population 34 200 in Singapore 2000 Ethnic population 54 200 2010 census Dialects Fuzhou Foochow Fuchow Guxhou Status 5 Developing Writing Han script Simplified variant Hans used since 1987 Han script Traditional variant Hant Latin script Latn devised and revised to final form during late 19th century View other languages of Singapore Thailand Language name Chinese Min Dong Location Chumphon and Nakhon Si Thammarat provinces main towns Chandi Nabon and Lamae Alternate Names Eastern Min Dialects Fuzhou Foochow Fuchow Status 5 Developing Writing Han script Simplified variant Hans used since 1987 Han script Traditional variant Hant Latin script Latn devised and revised to final form during late 19th century View other languages of

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/language/cdo (2016-02-13)
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  • Chinese, Min Nan | Ethnologue
    Brunei China Hong Kong Language name Chinese Min Nan Population 77 600 in China Hong Kong 2006 census Status 5 Developing Writing Bopomofo script Bopo used since 1998 used in Taiwan Katakana script Kana 1895 1945 once used in Taiwan Latin script Latn used since 1850 View other languages of China Hong Kong China Macao Language name Chinese Min Nan Population 18 900 in China Macao 2001 census Status 6a Vigorous Writing Bopomofo script Bopo used since 1998 used in Taiwan Katakana script Kana 1895 1945 once used in Taiwan Latin script Latn used since 1850 View other languages of China Macao China Taiwan Language name Chinese Min Nan Population 15 000 000 in China Taiwan 1997 A Chang Location Tainan Penghu Archipelago east coast cities western plain Alternate Names Min Nan Minnan Dialects Taiwanese Amoy Chaenzo Hokkien Sanso Status 3 Wider communication De facto language of national identity Language Use Adults over 60 also use Japanese jpn 83 also use Mandarin Chinese cmn Used as L2 by Kavalan ckv Mandarin Chinese cmn Rukai dru Writing Bopomofo script Bopo used since 1998 used in Taiwan Katakana script Kana 1895 1945 once used in Taiwan Latin script Latn used since 1850 Other Comments Taiwanese people are called Hoklo or Holo Traditional religion Buddhist Christian View other languages of China Taiwan Indonesia Language name Chinese Min Nan Population 700 000 in Indonesia 1982 Location Scattered throughout Sumatra Java Bali and Kalimantan provinces Alternate Names Min Nan Minnan Dialects Hokkien Fujian Teochew Chaochow Tiu Chiu Status 7 Shifting Language Use Most remaining speakers are of the grandparent generation Writing Bopomofo script Bopo used since 1998 used in Taiwan Katakana script Kana 1895 1945 once used in Taiwan Latin script Latn used since 1850 View other languages of Indonesia Malaysia Language name Chinese Min Nan Population 2 660 000 in Malaysia 2000 497 000 Teochew 141 000 Hainanese 2 020 000 Hokkien 2000 The population figures given here are for Peninsular Malaysia only The corresponding figures for Sabah and Sarawak are not currently available Location Peninsular especially in Johor Kedah Kelantan and Terengganu states Alternate Names Min Nan Minnan Dialects Hainanese Hokkien Amoy Fujianese Fukienese Teochew Chaochow Teochow Status 6a Vigorous Writing Bopomofo script Bopo used since 1998 used in Taiwan Katakana script Kana 1895 1945 once used in Taiwan Latin script Latn used since 1850 View other languages of Malaysia Philippines Language name Chinese Min Nan Population 592 000 in Philippines 1982 99 of Chinese population in the Philippines 1982 Location Most prominent Chinese variety widespread in Manila and other cities Alternate Names Min Nan Status 5 Developing Language Use Used as L2 by Ibatan ivb Writing Bopomofo script Bopo used since 1998 used in Taiwan Katakana script Kana 1895 1945 once used in Taiwan Latin script Latn used since 1850 View other languages of Philippines Singapore Language name Chinese Min Nan Population 333 000 in Singapore 2010 census Ethnic population 1 860 000 2010 census Includes 1 120 000 Hokkien 562 000

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/language/nan (2016-02-13)
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  • Chinese, Min Zhong | Ethnologue
    enlarge with explanation Ethnologue Products Languages of China An Ethnologue Country Report 217 pp 24 95 Add to cart Language Map of Southern China An Ethnologue Language Map 24 95 Add to cart Browse all products Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/language/czo (2016-02-13)
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  • Chinese, Pu-Xian | Ethnologue
    use that literature Poetry Bible 1912 Language Resources OLAC resources in and about Chinese Pu Xian Writing Latin script Latn 1890 1950 once used in a newspaper Chinese Pu Xian Also spoken in Expand All Collapse All Malaysia Language name Chinese Pu Xian Population 24 700 in Malaysia Salleh 2006 Ethnic population 24 700 2000 census In Peninsular Malaysia Location Peninsular especially in Selangor State Dialects Xinghua Hinghua Hsinghua Status 6b Threatened Writing Latin script Latn 1890 1950 once used in a newspaper View other languages of Malaysia Singapore Language name Chinese Pu Xian Population 14 100 in Singapore 2000 Ethnic population 25 600 2010 census Dialects Henghua Hinghua Xinghua Status 5 Developing Writing Latin script Latn 1890 1950 once used in a newspaper View other languages of Singapore Place in Language Cloud Click to enlarge with explanation Ethnologue Products Languages of China An Ethnologue Country Report 217 pp 24 95 Add to cart Language Map of Southern China An Ethnologue Language Map 24 95 Add to cart Browse all products Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/language/cpx (2016-02-13)
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  • Chinese, Wu | Ethnologue
    of recognized nationality Han Classification Sino Tibetan Chinese Dialects Chongming Chuqu Danyang Hangzhou Jinhua Jinhua Kinhwa Oujiang Quzhou Shanghai Shaoxing Suzhou Taihu Taizhou Tangxi Wenling Wenzhou Wuzhou Xuanzhou Youngkang Zhenhai Varieties of Taihu dialect are Piling Su Hu Jia Tiaoxi Hangzhou Lin Shao and Yongjiang Chuqu subdialects are Chuzhou and Longqu Xuanzhou varieties are Tongjing Taigao and Shiling A member of macrolanguage Chinese zho Typology SVO tone sandhi tonal Language Use All ages Also use Mandarin Chinese cmn Language Development Literacy rate in L2 91 2000 census Han nationality Fully developed Bible 1908 1914 Language Resources OLAC resources in and about Chinese Wu Writing Han script Simplified variant Hans used since 1981 Han script Traditional variant Hant Latin script Latn used since mid late 19th century Chinese Wu Place in Language Cloud Click to enlarge with explanation Ethnologue Products Languages of China An Ethnologue Country Report 217 pp 24 95 Add to cart Language Map of China An Ethnologue Language Map 24 95 Add to cart Browse all products Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/language/wuu (2016-02-13)
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  • Chinese, Xiang | Ethnologue
    Wu wuu Chinese and marginally intelligible with them Reportedly becoming more similar to southwestern Mandarin cmn and is losing non northern features 3 main dialect groups Changyi includes Changsha and Yiyang Luoshao includes Loudi and Shaoyang and Jixu Jishu includes Xupu and Jishou A member of macrolanguage Chinese zho Language Use All ages Also use Mandarin Chinese cmn Language Development Literacy rate in L2 91 2000 census Han nationality Highly literate in Chinese and they use that literature Language Resources OLAC resources in and about Chinese Xiang Writing Han script Simplified variant Hans Han script Traditional variant Hant Nüshu script Nshu used at least since mid 19th century mainly used by women Chinese Xiang Place in Language Cloud Click to enlarge with explanation Ethnologue Products Languages of China An Ethnologue Country Report 217 pp 24 95 Add to cart Language Map of Southern China An Ethnologue Language Map 24 95 Add to cart Browse all products Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/language/hsn (2016-02-13)
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