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  • Javanese | Ethnologue
    Indonesia Sumatra Language Status 4 Educational De facto language of provincial identity in central and eastern Java Classification Austronesian Malayo Polynesian Javanese Dialects Banten Banyumas Cirebon Cheribon Tjirebon Indramayu Malang Pasuruan Manuk Pasisir Surabaya Surakarta Sawlaw Solo Tegal Tembung High Javanese Jawa Halus is the language of religion but users diminishing and mostly limited to Central Javanese speakers Javanese varieties in Suriname and in New Caledonia now only partially intelligible with difficulty Javanese in New Caledonia reportedly cannot use High Javanese Koentjaraninggrat 1971 Several dialects in Sabah Typology SVO Language Use Also use Musi mui in South Sumatra Used as L2 by Madura mad Tengger tes Language Development Fully developed Bible 1854 1994 Language Resources OLAC resources in and about Javanese Writing Javanese script Java no longer in use Latin script Latn Other Comments Christian Javanese Also spoken in Expand All Collapse All Malaysia Language name Javanese Population Ethnic population 300 000 Wurm 1981 Location Sabah Alternate Names Jawa Status 8a Moribund Language Use Older adults and elderly Writing Javanese script Java no longer in use Latin script Latn View other languages of Malaysia Singapore Language name Javanese Population 800 in Singapore 1985 Ethnic population 88 600 2010 census Alternate Names Djawa Jawa Status 6b Threatened Writing Javanese script Java no longer in use Latin script Latn Other Comments Muslim View other languages of Singapore Place in Language Cloud Click to enlarge with explanation Ethnologue Products Languages of Indonesia An Ethnologue Country Report 324 pp 24 95 Add to cart Language Map of Indonesia Java and Bali An Ethnologue Language Map 24 95 Add to cart Browse all products Amazon Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/language/jav (2016-02-13)
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  • Korean | Ethnologue
    maps and signs Other Comments Jeju Cheju has been identified as a language separate from Cheju Island dialect of Korean but not yet assigned an ISO code Moseley 2010 Buddhist Christian Korean Also spoken in Expand All Collapse All China Language name Korean Population 2 710 000 in China 2012 census 1 200 000 monolinguals Location 60 of Korean speakers live in Jilin Kirin Province in Yanbian Hyanbian Korean autonomous prefecture 20 live in Heilongjiang Province 13 in Liaoning Province some in Beijing Municipality Hebei and Shandong provinces and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Alternate Names Chaoxian Hanguohua Status 4 Educational Language of recognized nationality Chaoxian Korean Language Use All domains All ages Positive attitudes 70 000 also use Mandarin Chinese cmn Also use Japanese jpn Russian rus Used as L2 by Mandarin Chinese cmn Language Development Literacy rate in L1 97 2000 census Writing Braille script Brai Hangul and Han scripts Kore primary usage Latin script Latn used for maps and signs Other Comments Buddhist Christian View other languages of China Japan Language name Korean Population 905 000 in Japan 2011 census Location Mainly urban concentrations Kyoto Prefecture Gion area Osaka Prefecture Tsuruhashi and Imazato Shinchi Tokyo Prefecture Okubo Mikawashima and Ueno areas Yamaguchi Prefecture Shimonoseki Status 5 Dispersed Language Use Also use Japanese jpn Writing Braille script Brai Hangul and Han scripts Kore primary usage Latin script Latn used for maps and signs Other Comments Buddhist Christian View other languages of Japan Korea North Language name Korean Population 23 300 000 in Korea North 2008 Dialects Hamgyongdo North Hamgyongdo South Hamgyongdo Hwanghaedo P yong ando North P yong ando South P yong ando Status 1 National De facto national language Writing Braille script Brai Hangul and Han scripts Kore primary usage Latin script Latn used for maps and signs

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/language/kor (2016-02-13)
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  • French | Ethnologue
    national working language 1998 Constitution Article 4 1 as amended Language Use Used by immigrants and officially Commerce government Language Development Taught in primary schools as a subject Taught in secondary schools as a subject Writing Braille script Brai Latin script Latn primary usage View other languages of Equatorial Guinea French Guiana Language name French Population L2 users 146 000 in French Guiana Francophonie 2007 All speak French fra as L1 or L2 Status 1 National Statutory national language 1958 French Constitution Article 2 Writing Braille script Brai Latin script Latn primary usage View other languages of French Guiana French Polynesia Language name French Population 178 000 in French Polynesia 2007 census 35 000 monolinguals L2 users 208 000 in French Polynesia Francophonie 2007 Status 1 National Statutory national language 2004 Organic Law No 2004 192 Article 57 Language Use Widespread government media public life Language Development Tertiary education is also in French Taught in primary and secondary schools Writing Braille script Brai Latin script Latn primary usage View other languages of French Polynesia Gabon Language name French Population 37 500 in Gabon Johnstone 1993 L2 users 1 120 000 in Gabon Francophonie 2007 Status 1 National Statutory national language 1991 Constitution Article 2 Writing Braille script Brai Latin script Latn primary usage Other Comments The only language of formal education View other languages of Gabon Guadeloupe Language name French Population 7 300 in Guadeloupe 2004 L2 users 361 000 in Guadeloupe Francophonie 2007 Status 1 National Statutory national language 1958 French Constitution Article 2 Writing Braille script Brai Latin script Latn primary usage Other Comments Local variety is similar to Cajun French frc of the United States View other languages of Guadeloupe Guernsey Language name French Location Widespread Status 3 Wider Communication De facto national working language Writing Braille script Brai Latin script Latn primary usage View other languages of Guernsey Guinea Language name French Population L2 users 2 000 000 in Guinea Francophonie 2007 Status 1 National Statutory national language 2010 Constitution Article 1 Writing Braille script Brai Latin script Latn primary usage View other languages of Guinea Haiti Language name French Population 600 in Haiti 2004 L2 users 664 000 in Haiti Francophonie 2007 Status 1 National Statutory national working language 1987 Constitution Article 5 2 Writing Braille script Brai Latin script Latn primary usage View other languages of Haiti India Language name French Population 10 000 in India 2008 Location Puducherry Union Territory Status 2 Provincial Statutory language of provincial identity in Puducherry Union Territory 1950 Constitution Articles 345 347 inclusive unscheduled language Writing Braille script Brai Latin script Latn primary usage View other languages of India Italy Language name French Population 100 000 in Italy Harris 1987 L2 users 9 510 000 in Italy European Commission 2012 Location Valle d Aosta region Alternate Names Français Status 2 Provincial Statutory provincial language in Valle d Aoste 1999 Historical Minorities Protection Act No 482 Language Use Used as L2 by Italian ita Writing Braille script Brai Latin script Latn primary usage View other languages of Italy Jersey Language name French Location Widespread Status 3 Wider Communication De facto national working language Writing Braille script Brai Latin script Latn primary usage View other languages of Jersey Lebanon Language name French Population 16 600 in Lebanon 2004 L2 users 667 000 in Lebanon Francophonie 2007 Status 3 Wider communication De facto national working language Language Use About 20 of the population speak French in their daily lives and up to 65 of the population can read and converse in French A number of government and private universities teach in French Language Development Language of instruction in many schools Taught in primary and secondary schools Writing Braille script Brai Latin script Latn primary usage View other languages of Lebanon Luxembourg Language name French Population 82 000 in Luxembourg European Commission 2012 L2 users 414 000 in Luxembourg European Commission 2012 Status 1 National Statutory national working language 1984 Language Law of 24 February Article 2 Language Use Used mainly by intellectuals professionals authorities and for commerce Language Development Taught in school Writing Braille script Brai Latin script Latn primary usage View other languages of Luxembourg Madagascar Language name French Population 18 000 in Madagascar Johnstone 1993 L2 users 847 000 in Madagascar Francophonie 2007 Status 1 National Statutory national language 2010 Constitution Article 6 Writing Braille script Brai Latin script Latn primary usage View other languages of Madagascar Mali Language name French Population 9 000 in Mali Johnstone 1993 L2 users 1 110 000 in Mali Francophonie 2007 Status 1 National Statutory national language 1992 Constitution Article 25 Language Development Taught in primary and secondary schools Writing Braille script Brai Latin script Latn primary usage Other Comments Official language for instruction in schools View other languages of Mali Martinique Language name French Population 9 000 in Martinique 2004 L2 users 312 000 in Martinique Francophonie 2007 Status 1 National Statutory national language 1958 French Constitution Article 2 Writing Braille script Brai Latin script Latn primary usage Other Comments When Creole languages exist alongside their lexifier language as in Martinique a continuum forms of variations between the Creole and the lexifier language It is therefore difficult to substantiate the number of Creole speakers and English speakers View other languages of Martinique Mauritania Language name French Population L2 users 167 000 in Mauritania Francophonie 2007 Status 3 Wider communication De facto national working language Language Use Used as L2 by Hassaniyya mey Pulaar fuc Soninke snk Wolof wol Writing Braille script Brai Latin script Latn primary usage View other languages of Mauritania Mauritius Language name French Population 37 000 in Mauritius L2 users 143 000 in Mauritius Francophonie 2007 Status 3 Wider communication De facto national working language Language Use Stores Widely used by young people as L2 Older adults tend to use creole Used as L2 by Morisyen mfe Writing Braille script Brai Latin script Latn primary usage View other languages of Mauritius Mayotte Language name French Population 54 000 in

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/language/fra (2016-02-13)
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  • Telugu | Ethnologue
    Pradesh State Puducherry Union Territory Andaman and Nicobar islands 1950 Constitution Schedule VIII Classification Dravidian South Central Telugu Dialects Berad Dasari Dommara East Godaveri Golari Guntur Kamathi Komtao Konda Reddi Nellore Rayalseema Salewari Srikakula Telangana Telugu Vadaga Vadari Vishakhapatnam Yanadi Yenadi Typology SOV Language Use Used as L2 by Bodo Gadaba gbj Chenchu cde Koya kff Kupia key Lambadi lmn Mudhili Gadaba gau Northwestern Kolami kfb Pottangi Ollar Gadaba gdb Vaagri Booli vaa Waddar wbq Yerukula yeu Language Development Taught in primary and secondary schools Fully developed Bible 1854 2002 Language Resources OLAC resources in and about Telugu Writing Braille script Brai Telugu script Telu primary usage Telugu Also spoken in Expand All Collapse All Singapore Language name Telugu Population 600 in Singapore 2000 Status 5 Developing Writing Braille script Brai Telugu script Telu primary usage View other languages of Singapore Place in Language Cloud Click to enlarge with explanation Ethnologue Products Languages of India An Ethnologue Country Report 282 pp 24 95 Add to cart Languages of India Index Map An Ethnologue Language Map 24 95 Add to cart Browse all products Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/language/tel (2016-02-13)
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  • Marathi | Ethnologue
    Kudali Nagpuri Marathi 42 dialects Complex dialect situation Dialects bordering other major language areas share many features with those languages Dialects or closely related languages Konkani knn Goan Konkani gom Deccan dcc Varhadi Nagpuri vah and Gowlan goj There is a dialect in Thanjavur District and elsewhere in Tamil Nadu influenced lexically by Tamil tam and Kannada kan with at least 100 000 speakers Typology SOV Language Use The Bene Israel are a Marathi speaking Jewish group in Mumbai Used as L2 by Ahirani ahr Bhalay bhx Far Western Muria fmu Gowli gok Indo Portuguese idb Katkari kfu Khandesi khn Korku kfq Korlai Creole Portuguese vkp Lambadi lmn Mawchi mke Nihali nll Noiri noi Northern Gondi gno Northwestern Kolami kfb Palya Bareli bpx Pardhan pch Pauri Bareli bfb Powari pwr Rathwi Bareli bgd Saraiki skr Tulu tcy Vaagri Booli vaa Varli vav Vasavi vas Waddar wbq Language Development Literacy rate in L1 77 2001 census Literacy rate in L2 77 2001 census Fully developed Bible 1821 2002 Language Resources OLAC resources in and about Marathi Writing Braille script Brai Devanagari script Deva primary usage Other Comments The Habshi are Muslim descended from East African slaves brought to western India Are is a synonym for a Marathi caste name Are also refers to Marathi speaking communities in south India Hindu Jewish Bene Israel Muslim Marathi Place in Language Cloud Click to enlarge with explanation Ethnologue Products Languages of India An Ethnologue Country Report 282 pp 24 95 Add to cart Languages of India Index Map An Ethnologue Language Map 24 95 Add to cart Browse all products Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/language/mar (2016-02-13)
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  • Turkish | Ethnologue
    Use Used as L2 by Armenian hye Cypriot Spoken Arabic acy Writing Arabic script Arab no longer in use Braille script Brai Greek script Grek no longer in use Latin script Latn used since 1928 or 1929 primary usage Other Comments Muslim View other languages of Cyprus Greece Language name Turkish Population 128 000 in Greece 1976 World Almanac Location Macedonia and Thrace administrative unit Xanthi west of Lake Vistorius on Bulgaria border Rodopi Bulgaria border west of Komotini Alternate Names Osmanli Status 2 Provincial Statutory provincial language in Xanthi 2 other eastern provinces 1923 Treaty of Lausanne Language Use Used as L2 by Bulgarian bul Writing Arabic script Arab no longer in use Braille script Brai Greek script Grek no longer in use Latin script Latn used since 1928 or 1929 primary usage Other Comments Turkish population in Greece remains fairly constant due to steady emigration to Turkey Muslim Christian View other languages of Greece Kazakhstan Language name Turkish Population 97 000 in Kazakhstan 2009 census Status 5 Dispersed Recognized language 1997 Language Law No 151 1 11 July Articles 4 6 7 Writing Arabic script Arab no longer in use Braille script Brai Greek script Grek no longer in use Latin script Latn used since 1928 or 1929 primary usage View other languages of Kazakhstan Macedonia Language name Turkish Population 71 800 in Macedonia 2011 census Location Berovo Bitola Debar Radovis Struga Strumica and Valandovo municipalities Alternate Names Osmanli Dialects Dinler Macedonian Status 5 Dispersed Writing Arabic script Arab no longer in use Braille script Brai Greek script Grek no longer in use Latin script Latn used since 1928 or 1929 primary usage Other Comments Muslim Sunni Muslim Bektashi View other languages of Macedonia Romania Language name Turkish Population 28 700 in Romania 2002 census Location Constanta and

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/language/tur (2016-02-13)
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  • Tamil | Ethnologue
    Kanikkaran kev Kannada Kurumba kfi Kota kfe Malankuravan mjo Malasar ymr Muthuvan muv Paliyan pcf Paniya pcg Saurashtra saz Toda tcx Vaagri Booli vaa Language Development Taught in primary and secondary schools Fully developed Bible 1727 2002 Language Resources OLAC resources in and about Tamil Writing Braille script Brai Tamil script Taml primary usage Other Comments Officially recognized language Hindu Muslim Tamil Also spoken in Expand All Collapse All Malaysia Language name Tamil Population 3 780 000 in Malaysia Salleh 2006 Does not include 8 730 Sri Lankan Tamil Location Peninsular Status 4 Educational Statutory language of national identity 1996 Education Act No 550 Articles 2 and 18 Language Use Also use English eng Malay zlm Used as L2 by Standard Malay zsm Language Development Taught in primary and secondary schools Writing Braille script Brai Tamil script Taml primary usage View other languages of Malaysia Mauritius Language name Tamil Population 31 000 in Mauritius Johnstone and Mandryk 2001 Status 5 Dispersed Language Use Government politics Writing Braille script Brai Tamil script Taml primary usage Other Comments Hindu View other languages of Mauritius Réunion Language name Tamil Status 5 Dispersed Writing Braille script Brai Tamil script Taml primary usage Other Comments 90 describe themselves as Indian origin Hindu View other languages of Réunion Singapore Language name Tamil Population 111 000 in Singapore 2010 census Ethnic population 189 000 2010 census Status 4 Educational Recognized language 1963 Constitution amended Article 153A 1 Language Use Also use English eng Language Development Taught in primary and secondary schools Writing Braille script Brai Tamil script Taml primary usage Other Comments Hindu View other languages of Singapore Sri Lanka Language name Tamil Population 3 770 000 in Sri Lanka 2007 Location North and northeast coasts a few pockets in the south Status 1 National Statutory national

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/language/tam (2016-02-13)
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  • Vietnamese | Ethnologue
    Hanja script Hani Latin script Latn primary usage Other Comments Kinh is an official ethnic community Buddhist Christian Vietnamese Also spoken in Expand All Collapse All Cambodia Language name Vietnamese Population 72 800 in Cambodia 2008 census Location Phnum Penh generally dispersed longstanding population communities in urban areas including Siem Riep Preah Seihanu Ta Khmau others Status 5 Dispersed Language Use All ages Used as L2 by Kaco xkk Writing Braille script Brai Han Hanzi Kanji Hanja script Hani Latin script Latn primary usage View other languages of Cambodia China Language name Vietnamese Population 7 200 in China 1999 O Jueya Location South coast of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region on Shanxin Wanwei and Wutou peninsulas the 3 peninsulas Fangcheng Pan Nationality autonomous county Jiangping region Alternate Names Annamese Ching Gin Jing Kinh Status 6b Threatened Language of recognized nationality Jing Language Use Moderately vigorous In parts of Fangcheng County most shifting to Yue Chinese yue Due to increased commerce and contact with Viet Nam since mid 1990s the language could revive in China Most domains in the 3 peninsulas although interchangeably with Yue Chinese yue only restricted domains elsewhere All ages in the 3 peninsulas elsewhere older people Most also use Yue Chinese yue of Guangxi A few also use Yue Bilinguals use Chinese as a written language A few also use Mandarin Chinese cmn Bilinguals use Chinese as a written language Used as L2 by Mandarin Chinese cmn Language Development Literacy rate in L2 92 in Chinese 2000 census Jing nationality Writing Braille script Brai Han Hanzi Kanji Hanja script Hani Latin script Latn primary usage Other Comments Christian Daoist View other languages of China Place in Language Cloud Click to enlarge with explanation Ethnologue Products Languages of Viet Nam An Ethnologue Country Report 81 pp 14 95 Add

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/language/vie (2016-02-13)
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