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  • The books are here! | Ethnologue
    the feel of paper and ink on your fingertips Exquisite And then why so many volumes As I described last month there are some purely practical reasons for that The sheer size of the single volume 15th and 16th editions meant that we had to find a book manufacturer who could produce such a volume at a reasonable cost while maintaining a suitable level of quality What s more a 5 lb book is expensive to ship takes up a lot of space to store and is generally unwieldy and potentially dangerous if dropped A full collection over time of such volumes would require special shelving and perhaps eventually reinforced flooring Beyond those practical issues however while many people enjoy the global perspective that the Ethnologue provides most users are much more narrowly focused on a specific region country and in many cases a single language If you have to buy the entire Ethnologue in order to get just that information there is a pretty daunting cost benefit ratio that comes into play By dividing up the languages into regions Africa Americas Asia Europe Pacific and by combining those so that each volume covers about one third of the world s languages we are able to provide volumes that come much closer to covering the research interests of many scholars and investigators without adding too much overhead to what they need to purchase But then you might ask why not just buy a country report or several if my interest is only in a specific country or region That certainly is an option but the three print volumes provide additional statistical summaries for each Ethnologue area Africa Americas Asia Europe Pacific that are not available in the online edition nor in the individual country reports So if my interest is specifically in the language situation in Europe for example I can find the statistical summary information for Europe in the Africa and Europe volume The Global Summary also appears in each volume as it does online but the regional summaries provide additional information that is not directly available in any other Ethnologue product You might never have expected that the Isle of Man San Marino and the Vatican State are the least linguistically diverse political entities in Europe The Europe Summary section of the Africa and Europe volume is where you can find that and many other interesting details So what do you get in each volume Here are some factoids that might be of interest Volume Languages Countries Lg Dialect Names Maps Africa and Europe 2 467 105 18 402 74 Americas and Pacific 2 653 79 13 103 72 Asia 2 349 52 16 547 72 We are trying to make the valuable information in the Ethnologue available in a variety of formats in order to serve as wide an audience as possible The print volumes are one set of tools that we are happy to be able to provide Log in or register to post comments Comments

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/comment/1386 (2016-02-13)
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  • Three-letter Codes for Identifying Languages | Ethnologue
    data tables that the public may incorporate into their own database applications and dynamic web sites Prior to the publication of the 15th edition in 2005 the Ethnologue worked in cooperation with the International Organization for Standardization ISO to create a new international standard for language codes This was fully adopted in 2007 as ISO 639 3 Codes for the representation of names of languages Part 3 Alpha 3 code for comprehensive coverage of languages The current download tables are compatible with the latest updates to that standard Examples of efforts that are already using these codes as a standard for language identification are the Open Language Archives Community and its participating archives Any application that makes use of these language identifiers is just one click away from access to the full language descriptions that are available in the Ethnologue That is for any language identifier abc that may be stored in a database an application may present a link to the following URL in order to give the user access to the Ethnologue s description of that language http ethnologue com language abc The remainder of this document after describing the terms of use for the download tables describes their relationship to standards explains their structure gives some hints on how to use them and offers links for downloading them Terms of use You are welcome to download the code set and index information and incorporate the supplied tables into your own database application on condition that you do so in accordance with our Terms of Use statement Prev Next Overview Relation to Standards Structure of the Code Tables Using the Code Tables Downloading the Code Tables Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other

    Original URL path: https://www.ethnologue.com/codes (2016-02-13)
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  • Contact Us | Ethnologue
    before contacting us to learn if the use you intend falls within the guidelines If not that page has instructions on how to request permission Technical questions or comments about this website Please choose Report a Technical Problem in the contact form below Contact the Ethnologue editor Editor Ethnologue c o International Linguistics Center 7500 West Camp Wisdom Road Dallas Texas 75236 USA Email Use the contact form below Contact the publisher SIL International Publications 7500 West Camp Wisdom Road Dallas TX 75236 5629 USA Telephone 972 708 7404 Fax 972 708 7363 Email Use the contact form below formerly the International Academic Bookstore Your name Your e mail address Subject Category Please choose Subscription Report a Technical Problem Report a Content Problem Ethnologue Editor Request Copyright Permissions Report a Problem with Script Information Script Editor Request a Custom Report Product or Data Suggest a Product Idea Contact Publisher About Order Processing Other Message Home page Leave this field blank Prev Next Further Information About the Ethnologue History of the Ethnologue Language Identification Language Status Plan of the Site Country Information Language Information Language Maps Acknowledgements Updates Corrections Contact Us Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map

    Original URL path: https://www.ethnologue.com/about/contact-us (2016-02-13)
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  • Language extinction: it's real, it's serious, and it's hard (but getting easier) to assess | Ethnologue
    or disprove those earlier claims In each Ethnologue language entry the EGIDS assessment is included under the label Status and an overview of the EGIDS profile of all of the languages in a country is provided as a bar graph on each country page The EGIDS gives us a way to begin to track the trends of language endangerment but since we have only been using it for a few years we don t have enough history at this point to be able to describe a rate of language loss based solely on the EGIDS status numbers There has been some work done by others which takes historical Ethnologue data and analyzes it with a view towards seeing the patterns of language diversity loss over the decades since Ethnologue began That is a noble pursuit but one difficulty with that approach is that there are changes to the inventory of languages from one edition to another that may be for reasons other than language death It may not be entirely straightforward for readers to determine why a language has disappeared from the Ethnologue s list of living languages though this process is documented in the ISO 639 3 updates Within a few more years and with adequate feedback and prompt updating of the EGiDS numbers we may be able to say more about that ourselves And that points out another reason why our reporting may seem to be a bit muddled We publish what we know each year at the time of publication incorporating changes from our ongoing effort to elicit updates and corrections While we make tens of thousands of changes with each edition there are many language entries that remain unchanged It seems to be especially the case that our data on extremely endangered languages doesn t get updated in a timely manner so it may well be and we wish it weren t so that some of the languages which we are identifying as very weak or which have very few remaining users have already gone out of use With the implementation of the EGIDS we also implemented a major change in our rules of accounting and re classified a number of languages which previously had been considered Extinct EGIDS 10 as Dormant EGIDS 9 Dormant languages are those which no longer are used for day to day activities but which still have a strong association with a group s ethnic identity They are used in very limited ways for ceremonial or symbolic purposes but usually those who use the language are reciting memorized language forms and don t have sufficient proficiency to use the language for daily life With that one time change we began to include those sleeping languages in our counts of living languages That of course resulted in a sudden increase in the number of languages which though extremely endangered are still living for statistical purposes And one more factor to consider is that for very practical reasons we only track and report

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/comment/1496 (2016-02-13)
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  • Subscribe | Ethnologue
    languages literacy rates deaf population and more Maps View detailed maps of the languages in each region Language Tree Trace the main families of language throughout human history and learn where each language fits in the tree You ve got complimentary access Get started for 9 95 a month or 60 a year Subscribe Now Your subscription is active Manage subscription Discounted subscriptions are available for your institution library or classroom Contact Us Want to post feedback Create a free contributor account to post feedback for our editors to consider You can also be notified whenever someone posts a contribution to the language country or region you are interested in Create Free Account Interested in just one country Instead of subscribing you can purchase a detailed PDF report on your country of interest You ll get language profiles maps statistical summaries and language lists by population status language family and more View Country Reports Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print Edition 17th Edition 16th Edition 15th Edition 14th Edition 13th Edition Related Sites SIL org ScriptSource ISO

    Original URL path: https://www.ethnologue.com/subscribe (2016-02-13)
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  • Ethnologue
    of this month we ll release the 19th edition of the Ethnologue We look forward to the changes and updates that will be part of that At the same time I take a look back at the last 10 years and the changes I ve seen during my time as an editor Read More Language of the Day Bats A language of Georgia Population 3 420 2000 Active users may be far fewer than 3 000 Salminen 2007 Status 7 Shifting Lg Use Modern Bats heavily influenced by Georgian kat Traditional Bats perhaps known by a few Read More Ethnologue Products Ethnologue is the comprehensive reference work that catalogs all the known living languages in the world today In addition to this web site it is made available in a variety of other products books country reports datasets downloadable maps Read more Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print Edition 17th Edition 16th Edition 15th Edition 14th Edition 13th Edition Related Sites SIL org ScriptSource ISO 639 3 Contact SIL International Publications 7500 West Camp Wisdom Road Dallas

    Original URL path: https://www.ethnologue.com/ (2016-02-13)
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  • World | Ethnologue
    Africa Population 1 101 542 500 Living Languages 2 138 Languages by Status Institutional 194 Developing 542 Vigorous 1 026 In Trouble 245 Dying 131 Americas Population 952 858 083 Living Languages 1 064 Languages by Status Institutional 37 Developing 234 Vigorous 145 In Trouble 309 Dying 339 Asia Population 4 278 072 000 Living Languages 2 301 Languages by Status Institutional 203 Developing 362 Vigorous 856 In Trouble 693 Dying 187 Europe Population 735 922 782 Living Languages 286 Languages by Status Institutional 73 Developing 81 Vigorous 31 In Trouble 50 Dying 51 Pacific Population 38 469 889 Living Languages 1 313 Languages by Status Institutional 71 Developing 379 Vigorous 421 In Trouble 234 Dying 208 Browse the Regions Africa Americas Asia Europe Pacific Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print Edition 17th Edition 16th Edition 15th Edition 14th Edition 13th Edition Related Sites SIL org ScriptSource ISO 639 3 Contact SIL International Publications 7500 West Camp Wisdom Road Dallas TX 75236 5629 USA publications intl sil org T 972 708 7404 F 972 708 7363 Contact

    Original URL path: https://www.ethnologue.com/world (2016-02-13)
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  • Language Development | Ethnologue
    also the uses of the language in a variety of media and for as many functions as the speech community finds useful Evaluating language development Ethnologue provides data not only on the factors which are indicators of endangerment but also on numerous indicators of development Notable among the data that we report are Identification of the writing systems in use both currently and historically Literacy rates in the language as well as in the dominant languages in the region The existence of various kinds of literature including poetry stories translated materials including health and development literature and the Bible and other print media such as newspapers and magazines The use of the language in the broadcast media radio television recorded materials on compact disc tape digital video discs etc or in films and videos The use of the language in so called new media such as on web pages in chat rooms podcasts and MP3 downloads and for SMS texting on mobile phones or other electronic devices The use of the language for governance The use of the language by others as their second language These indicators of the state of development of a language are presented within the language entries according to their nature and focus see Language development under Language Information In those cases where most of these development types are amply present rather than listing them all separately we simply categorize a language as fully developed Language development and the EGIDS We report a summary evaluation of the vitality of the languages of the world by using the Expanded Graded Intergenerational Disruption Scale or EGIDS Lewis and Simons 2010 an adaptation and expansion of Fishman s 1991 Graded Intergenerational Disruption Scale GIDS In each language entry under the label Status an estimate of the development versus endangerment of every identified language in each country where that language is spoken is reported see Language Status for the definitions of the levels In the middle of the scale is level 6a Vigorous These languages are represented by the green bars in the summary graphs these are not developing but neither are they endangered since they enjoy vigorous face to face use in daily life by all generations We report this to be the condition of 2 479 or 35 of the 7 102 known living languages in the world The first step up the development side of the EGIDS scale is level 5 Developing These languages are represented by the blue bars in the summary graphs they are in the initial stages of development graphization standardization modernization Literature in a standardized form is being used by some though this is not yet widespread or sustainable We report this to be the condition of 1 598 or 23 of the 7 102 known living languages in the world All of the remaining levels on the development side of the EGIDS scale 4 and higher have in common that the language has been developed to the point that it is used

    Original URL path: https://www.ethnologue.com/language-development (2016-02-13)
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