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  • Cape Verde Islands - Maps | Ethnologue
    or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print Edition 17th Edition 16th Edition 15th Edition 14th Edition 13th Edition Related Sites SIL org ScriptSource ISO 639 3 Contact SIL International Publications 7500 West Camp Wisdom Road Dallas TX 75236

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  • Cape Verde Islands - Feedback | Ethnologue
    Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print Edition 17th Edition 16th Edition 15th Edition 14th Edition 13th Edition Related Sites SIL org ScriptSource ISO

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  • Profile of language status for Cape Verde Islands | Ethnologue
    The color coding of the bars matches the color scheme used in the summary profile graphs on the navigation maps for the site In this scheme the EGIDS levels are grouped as follows Purple Institutional EGIDS 0 4 The language has been developed to the point that it is used and sustained by institutions beyond the home and community Blue Developing EGIDS 5 The language is in vigorous use with literature in a standardized form being used by some though this is not yet widespread or sustainable Green Vigorous EGIDS 6a The language is unstandardized and in vigorous use among all generations Yellow In trouble EGIDS 6b 7 Intergenerational transmission is in the process of being broken but the child bearing generation can still use the language so it is possible that revitalization efforts could restore transmission of the language in the home Red Dying EGIDS 8a 9 The only fluent users if any are older than child bearing age so it is too late to restore natural intergenerational transmission through the home a mechanism outside the home would need to be developed Black Extinct EGIDS 10 The language has fallen completely out of use and no one retains a

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  • Central African Republic - Languages | Ethnologue
    north Mingala subprefecture Haute Kotto prefecture Bria subprefecture Mbomou prefecture east bank Kotto river between Mbeti and Tchola Banar 5 000 1996 Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Kpasiya Dialects None known Related to Ngbandi ngb Ethnically Kpatili but not intelligible with Kpatili kym Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo North Adamawa Ubangi Ubangi Ngbandi More Information Geme geq Bamingui Bangoran prefecture Ndélé subprefecture north of Ndélé 2 villages 550 1996 Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Gueme Jeme Ngba Geme Dialects Geme Kulagbolu Geme Tulu Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo North Adamawa Ubangi Ubangi Zande Zande Nzakara More Information Gubu gox Ouaka prefecture Kouango subprefecture north bank Oubangui river Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Gabou Gabu Gobu Ngobo Ngobu Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo North Adamawa Ubangi Ubangi Banda Central Central Core Mid Southern Comments Few in Central African Republic More Information Gula kcm Vakaga prefecture Birao subprefecture Kafia Kingi near Sudan border 13 000 in Central African Republic 1996 Population total all countries 13 200 Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Goula Gula du Mamoun Kara Kara de Soudan Kara of Sudan Tar Gula Yamegi Dialects Mele Mere Molo Mot Mar Moto Mara Sar Sara Zura Koto Classification Nilo Saharan Central Sudanic West Bongo Bagirmi Kara Comments Different from Kara kah Kare kbj of Chad or Gula glu of Chad Muslim More Information Gundi gdi Mambéré Kadéï prefecture Gamboula subprefecture Sangha Mbaéré prefecture Nola subprefecture south and east of Nola 9 000 1988 census Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Ngondi Ngundi Dialects None known May be intelligible with Baka bkc Pande bkj and Lingala lin Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo North Adamawa Ubangi Ubangi Sere Ngbaka Mba Ngbaka Mba Ngbaka Western Baka Gundi Comments Pygmies not contacted by census takers Distinct from Ngundi ndn of Congo and Central African Republic which is Bantu More Information Kaba Démé Sara kwg Bamingui Bangoran and Nana Grébizi prefectures Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Kaba Dem Kaba Démé Kaba Demi Sara Kaba Dem Tà Sàra Classification Nilo Saharan Central Sudanic West Bongo Bagirmi Sara Bagirmi Sara Sara Proper Sara Kaba Comments Different from Kabba ksp Kulfa kxj Sara Kaba Náà kwv or Laka lap More Information Kaba Naa Sara kwv Bamingui Bangoran prefecture Ndélé subprefecture near Chad border Nana Mambéré prefecture Baoro subprefecture Mbanga village far west Vakaga prefecture small area on Bahr Kameur river 9 villages 4 000 in Central African Republic 1996 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Dana Kaba Na Kaba Naa Kaba Nar Na Sara Kaba Dialects Dunje Dendje Denje Dindje Dinje Dounje Kaba Dunjo Sara Dinjo Sara Dunjo Mbanga Banga Na Tie Tiye Classification Nilo Saharan Central Sudanic West Bongo Bagirmi Sara Bagirmi Sara Sara Proper Sara Kaba Comments Different from Kabba ksp Kaba Deme kwg Kulfa kxj or Laka lap More Information Kabba ksp Ouham prefecture Markounda subprefecture Ouham Pendé prefecture Paoua subprefecture 72 000 in Central African Republic 1996 Population total all countries 142 000 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Kaba Sara Classification Nilo Saharan Central Sudanic West Bongo Bagirmi Sara Bagirmi Sara Sara Proper Comments Different from Kaba Deme kwg Sara Kaba Náà kwv Kulfa kxj Kaba So Sara Kaba sbz Laka lap Kabba Laka or Kaba bcq of Ethiopia a dialect of Bench More Information Kako kkj Mambéré Kadéï prefecture Gamboula town on Cameroon border 10 400 in Central African Republic 1996 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Kaka Nkoxo Yaka Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Northwest A Kaka A 93 More Information Kara kah Vakaga prefecture Birao subprefecture 4 800 1996 Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Dam Fer Fer Fertit Classification Unclassified Comments Different from Gula glu Kara of Sudan Muslim More Information Kare kbn Ouham Pendé prefecture Bozoum and Bocaranga subprefectures 93 000 in Central African Republic 1996 57 500 Kare 35 500 Tale Population total all countries 97 460 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Kali Kari Karré Dialects Kari Tale Tali Intelligible of Mbum mdd Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo North Adamawa Ubangi Adamawa Mbum Day Mbum Eastern Mbum Karang Comments Different from the Kari kbj of Democratic Republic of the Congo which is Benue Congo More Information Kpagua kuw Ouaka prefecture between Ouake and Oubangui rivers 3 830 2000 Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Kpagwa Dialects None known Reportedly most similar to Ngundu nue Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo North Adamawa Ubangi Ubangi Banda Central Central Core Mid Southern More Information Kpatili kym Basse Kotto prefecture south Mingala subprefecture Mbomou prefecture Bakouma subprefecture 4 500 1996 Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Kpatere Kpatiri Ngindere Dialects None known Not intelligible with Gbayi gyg who are ethnically Kpatili Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo North Adamawa Ubangi Ubangi Zande Zande Nzakara More Information Laka lap Ouham Pendé prefecture Bocaranga subprefecture Chad border 9 villages 2 050 in Central African Republic 1996 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Kabba Laka Classification Nilo Saharan Central Sudanic West Bongo Bagirmi Sara Bagirmi Sara Sara Proper Comments Different from Laka lak of Nigeria and from Kaba ksp of Central African Republic and Chad More Information Langbashe lna Kémo prefecture Sibut subprefecture Ouaka prefecture Kouango subprefecture 40 000 in Central African Republic 1996 Population total all countries 43 000 Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Langbase Langbashi Langbasi Langbwasse Langwasi Dialects None known May be intelligible with South Central Banda lnl Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo North Adamawa Ubangi Ubangi Banda South Central More Information Limassa bme Sangha Mbaéré prefecture possibly far southwestern corner along Republic of the Congo border Few in Ngundi ndn villages Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Bamassa Bomasa Bomassa Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo North Adamawa Ubangi Ubangi Sere Ngbaka Mba Ngbaka Mba Ngbaka Western Baka Gundi More Information Lutos ndy Bamingui Bangoran prefecture Ndélé subprefecture Nana Grébizi prefecture Kaga Bandoro subprefecture Ouham prefecture Kabo subprefecture 17 000 in Central African Republic 1996 Population total all countries 18 980 Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Ruto

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  • Central African Republic - Status | Ethnologue
    85 980 Yaka axk 5 Developing 15 000 in Central African Republic 1996 Population total all countries 30 000 Zande zne 5 Developing 62 000 in Central African Republic 1996 6a Vigorous Ali aiy 6a Vigorous 35 000 1996 Banda Mid Southern bjo 6a Vigorous 100 000 in Central African Republic 1996 Population total all countries 102 000 Banda South Central lnl 6a Vigorous 150 000 in Central African Republic 1996 55 000 Langba 95 000 Ngbugu Population total all countries 153 000 Banda Togbo Vara tor 6a Vigorous 12 000 in Central African Republic 1996 Banda West Central bbp 6a Vigorous 4 500 in Central African Republic 1996 1 000 Wojo Population total all countries 7 500 Banda Bambari liy 6a Vigorous 183 000 1996 4 000 Gbende 2 000 Joto mainly Linda Banda Banda bpd 6a Vigorous 102 000 in Central African Republic 1996 Banda Mbrès bqk 6a Vigorous 42 500 in Central African Republic 1996 Banda Ndélé bfl 6a Vigorous 35 500 in Central African Republic 1996 Banda Yangere yaj 6a Vigorous 26 500 1996 Bhogoto bdt 6a Vigorous 130 000 1996 Bofi bff 6a Vigorous 23 500 1996 Buraka bkg 6a Vigorous 2 500 in Central African Republic 1996 Population total all countries 3 800 Dagba dgk 6a Vigorous 34 000 in Central African Republic 2007 Population total all countries 44 000 Dendi deq 6a Vigorous 10 000 1996 Fulfulde Bagirmi fui 6a Vigorous 156 000 in Central African Republic 1996 Furu fuu 6a Vigorous 4 000 in Central African Republic 1996 Ganzi gnz 6a Vigorous 1 400 1996 Gbanziri gbg 6a Vigorous 14 500 in Central African Republic 1996 Population total all countries 17 500 Gbaya Bozoum gbq 6a Vigorous 32 500 1996 Gbayi gyg 6a Vigorous 5 000 1996 Gubu gox 6a Vigorous Gula kcm 6a Vigorous 13 000 in Central African Republic 1996 Population total all countries 13 200 Gundi gdi 6a Vigorous 9 000 1988 census Kara kah 6a Vigorous 4 800 1996 Kpagua kuw 6a Vigorous 3 830 2000 Kpatili kym 6a Vigorous 4 500 1996 Langbashe lna 6a Vigorous 40 000 in Central African Republic 1996 Population total all countries 43 000 Limassa bme 6a Vigorous Few in Ngundi ndn villages Lutos ndy 6a Vigorous 17 000 in Central African Republic 1996 Population total all countries 18 980 Mandja mzv 6a Vigorous 220 000 1996 Mbangi mgn 6a Vigorous 2 750 1996 Mbati mdn 6a Vigorous 60 000 2010 census Monzombo moj 6a Vigorous 1 600 in Central African Republic 1996 Mpiemo mcx 6a Vigorous 24 000 in Central African Republic 1996 Population total all countries 29 000 Ngando ngd 6a Vigorous 5 000 1996 Ngbaka Manza ngg 6a Vigorous 29 000 1996 Ngombe nmj 6a Vigorous 11 600 2010 census Nzakara nzk 6a Vigorous 50 000 in Central African Republic 1996 Pande bkj 6a Vigorous 8 870 2010 census Runga rou 6a Vigorous 21 500 in Central African Republic 1996 Sango Riverain snj 6a Vigorous 34 500 1996 Sara

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  • Central African Republic - Maps | Ethnologue
    products Amazon Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print Edition 17th Edition 16th Edition 15th Edition 14th Edition 13th Edition Related Sites SIL org

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  • Central African Republic - Feedback | Ethnologue
    Republic License for single academic use of a high resolution watermark free map 24 95 Browse all products Amazon Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the

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  • Chad - Languages | Ethnologue
    More Information Kaba Naa Sara kwv Moyen Chari region Lac Iro department centered in Kyabé Dinje dialect Kyabé subprefecture Dindjebo and Dindjekono villages 35 000 in Chad 1993 UBS 5 560 in Bale village 4 940 in Koskabo 4 550 in Kyabé Population total all countries 39 000 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Dana Kaba Na Kaba Naa Kaba Nar Na Sara Kaba Dialects Dunje Dendje Denje Dindje Dinje Dounje Sara Dunjo Mbanga Banga Na Tie Tiye Sara Kaba Náà may be the same as Sara Kaba sbz of Central African Republic Classification Nilo Saharan Central Sudanic West Bongo Bagirmi Sara Bagirmi Sara Sara Proper Sara Kaba Comments Different from Kaba ksp Kaba Deme kwg Kulfa kxj or Laka lap More Information Kabalai kvf Tandjilé region Lai subprefecture Lai and south on Logone river east bank 17 900 1993 census Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Gablai Kaba Lai Kabalay Kabalaye Keb Kaye Lai Lay Dialects None known May be intelligible with Nancere nnc Classification Afro Asiatic Chadic East A A 2 2 Comments Erroneously called Sara or Kaba of Lai More Information Kajakse ckq Sila region northwest Ouaddaï region Djourf Al Ahmar department south and southeast of Am Dam 10 000 Bender 1983 Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Kadjakse Kajeske Kawa Tadimini Kujarke Mini Dialects None known Partially intelligible with Masmaje mes and Mubi mub Classification Afro Asiatic Chadic East B B 1 2 More Information Kanembu kbl Barh el Gazel region Hadjer Lamis region Dagana department Massakory subprefecture Lac and Kanem regions 461 000 2006 Status 3 Wider communication Alternate Names Kaidi Kanembu Kanambu Kanembou Dialects Kanembu Kanuri Karkawu Mando Nguri There is a gradual differentiation between dialects of Kanembu and Kanuri knc Classification Nilo Saharan Saharan Western Kanuri Comments Ethnic groups Badé Badde 2 646 Baribu Chiroa Diabu Galabu Kadjidi 5 638 Kankena Kanku Kenguina 1 944 Koubri Koubouri 2 817 Maguirmi 1 825 Nguiguim 7 233 Muslim More Information Kanuri Central knc Chari Baguirmi Hadjer Lamis Mayo Kebbi Est regions 104 000 in Chad 2006 34 500 in Chari Baguirmi and 23 300 in N Djamena Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Aga Baribari pej Beriberi pej Bornouan Bornouans Bornu Kanouri Kanoury Kole Kolere Sirata Yerwa Kanuri Dialects Dagara Fadawa Guvja Kabari Kuvuri Kaga Kagama Kwayam Lare Mao Ngazar Njesko Sugurti Temageri Classification Nilo Saharan Saharan Western Kanuri Comments Muslim More Information Karang kzr Logone Oriental region Monts de Lam department Baibokoum subprefecture northwest of Baïbokoum Loumbogo Lawtiko I Lawtiko II and Sarkaluki villages 2 Sakpu villages 1 000 in Chad 1995 SIL Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Eastern Mbum Kareng Laka Lakka Lakka Mbum Mbum Bakal Nzák Kàráng Dialects Karang Mbere Ngomi Sakpu Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo North Adamawa Ubangi Adamawa Mbum Day Mbum Eastern Mbum Karang Comments Different from Laka lap of Central African Republic and Chad and from Laka lak of Nigeria Traditional religion More Information Karanga kth Ouaddaï region Djourf Al Ahmar and Ouara departments Sila and Batha regions Am Dam area to Abéché south of the Maba Bakha are southwest of Am Dam Karanga and Koniéré are northeast of Am Dam Kashmere are south of Abéché and north of Karanga dialect area 10 000 1999 SIL 4 700 Karanga and 1 420 Bakha Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Kurunga Dialects Bakha Bakhat Baxa Faala Fala Karanga Kurunga Kashmere Kachmere Koniéré Kognere Konyare Mooyo Moyo Lexical similarity 73 with Maba mde 94 between Karanga and Kashmere dialects Classification Nilo Saharan Maban Comments The 4 dialects are distinct ethnic groups Muslim More Information Kendeje klf Ouaddaï region Assoungha and Ouara departments rural Abéché and Adré subprefectures northwest of Hadjer Hadid 1 860 2000 Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Yaali Dialects Faranga Yaali Lexical similarity 89 between dialects with little contact between them Classification Nilo Saharan Maban Kendeje Comments Muslim More Information Kenga kyq Guéra region Guéra department Bitkine subprefecture Bitkine area 52 villages including Bolongo and Bokiyo 40 000 1997 SIL Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Cenge Kenge Dialects Banala Tar Banala Banama Tar Banama Bidjir Bolong Tar Bolongo Cenge Tar Cenge Lexical similarity 62 with Jaya jyy 81 93 with the Bolong Tar Bolongo dialect Classification Nilo Saharan Central Sudanic West Bongo Bagirmi Sara Bagirmi Bagirmi Comments Some consider Bidjir a distinct language Muslim traditional religion More Information Kera ker Mayo Kebbi Est region Mont d Illi department south of Fianga near Lake Tikem 44 500 in Chad 1993 census Population total all countries 50 500 Status 5 Developing Dialects None known Lexical similarity 42 with Kwang kvi Classification Afro Asiatic Chadic East A A 3 Comments Confused with neighboring Tupuri tui in some publications More Information Kibet kie Ouaddaï region Sila department Salamat region Barh Azoum department Northeast of Am Timan and southwest of Goz Beïda 18 500 Bender 1983 Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Kabentang Kibeet Kibeit Dialects Dagel Daggal Kibet Murru Mourro Muro Reportedly similar to Runga rou Not a dialect of Tama tma as reported in some sources Classification Nilo Saharan Maban Runga Kibet Comments Ethnonym Kaben The area is flooded 6 months each year Muslim More Information Kim kia Mayo Kebbi Est region Mayo Boneye department Eré Djouman Kolobo and Kim villages Tandjilé region 15 400 1993 census Status 5 Developing Dialects Garap Éré Gerep Djouman Jumam Kolop Kilop Kolobo Kosop Kim Kwasap Dialects listed may be closely related languages Formerly classified as Chadic Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo North Adamawa Ubangi Adamawa Mbum Day Kim Comments Incorrectly called Masa More Information Kimré kqp Tandjilé region Tandjile Est department east of Laï 20 000 2007 A Oumounabidji Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Gabri Kimré Gawra Dialects Buruwa Bordo Kimruwa Kimré Kim Ruwa Popular glossonym Gabri but it is not intelligible of Gabri gab Classification Afro Asiatic Chadic East A A 2 1 More Information Koke kou Guéra region Barh Signaka department Melfi subprefecture southeast of Melfi Daguéla Sengué and Djourab village areas 600 1993 census Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Khoke Dialects None known Lexical similarity 60 with Bolgo Dugag bvo Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo North Adamawa Ubangi Adamawa Mbum Day Bua More Information Kujarge vkj Sila region Dar Fongoro Jebel Mirra area 7 villages scattered in Fur and Sinyar in Sudanese villages along Wadi Salih and Azum rivers 1 000 Bender 1983 Status 7 Shifting Classification Unclassified Comments A few groups More Information Kulfa kxj Moyen Chari region Kyabé subprefecture southwest of Lake Iro centered in Alako and Kirimikoro some in Guéra region 7 110 1993 census 4 000 Koulfa 2 200 Kouroumi 910 Bara 1993 census Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Kaba So pej Kulfe Kurmi Kurumi Dialects Bara Kulfa Koulfa Kurumi Kouroumi Lexical similarity 80 with Sara Kaba Náà kwv Classification Nilo Saharan Central Sudanic West Bongo Bagirmi Sara Bagirmi Sara Sara Proper Sara Kaba Comments Different from Kaba ksp Laka lap Sara Kaba Deme kwg or Sara Kaba Náà kwv They do not perceive themselves as Sara Kaba More Information Kuo xuo Logone Oriental region Monts de Lam department Baibokoum subprefecture near Baibokoum Pao and Bouroum cantons 12 300 in Chad 2011 SIL Population total all countries 20 250 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Ko Koh Dialects None known Reportedly similar to Karang kzr and Nzakambay nzy Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo North Adamawa Ubangi Adamawa Mbum Day Mbum Eastern Mbum Koh More Information Kwang kvi Chari Baguirmi region Mayo Kebbi Est region Tandjilé region Tandjilé Est department north of Lai east of Bongor southwest of Bousso Mobou dialect Mobou Aloa dialect Mogo 16 800 1993 census 10 000 or more Kwang 2 000 Mobou 250 Aloa Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Kouang Kuang Kwong Dialects Aloa Gaya Kawalké Kwang Mindéra Mobou Mobu Ngam Gam Modgel Tchagin Tchakin Includes Midigil village sometimes erroneously listed as Modgel Medegel in some sources Lexical similarity 42 with Kera ker Classification Afro Asiatic Chadic East A A 3 Comments Ngam dialect is different from Ngam nmc of Chad and Central African Republic in the Sara group of Nilo Saharan Traditional religion Muslim More Information Laal gdm Moyen Chari region Barh Kôh department between Korbol and Dik Gori center Damtar and Mailao villages 750 2000 Damtar village had its own dialect called Laabe with 3 speakers left in 1977 Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Gori Dialects Laabe Laal Classification Unclassified Comments Some lexical relationship to the Bua group but Boyeldieu 1977 says it should not be classified with Bua Probably Adamawa some sources say Chadic More Information Lagwan kot Chari Baguirmi region N Djamena area south of N Djamena along Logone river Logone Gana area Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Kotoko Logone Lagouane Lagwane Logone Dialects Logone Birni Logone Gana Kotoko Gana Classification Afro Asiatic Chadic Biu Mandara B B 1 Kotoko Proper South Comments Part of Kotoko ethnic and linguistic group Kotoko total 22 717 1993 census Afade aal Mser kqx Malgbe mxf Maslam msv Mpade mpi and Jilbe jie in Nigeria Muslim More Information Laka lap Logone Occidental region Logone Oriental region Monts de Lam department Baïbokoum subprefecture La Nya Pendé department Goré subprefecture 310 villages Mang dialect Goré subprefecture Ngadjibian Békan and Timbéri cantons Bémour dialect Bessao and Pandzangué cantons south of Moundou Maïngao dialect Ngamadja Dodang II and Bessao Oudoumian area Goula dialect Andoum and Pandzangué cantons Pan area Paï dialect Oudoumian 55 100 in Chad 1993 census Population total all countries 57 150 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Kabba Laka Dialects Bémour Goula Maïngao Mang Paï Some consider it a dialect of Ngambay sba Classification Nilo Saharan Central Sudanic West Bongo Bagirmi Sara Bagirmi Sara Sara Proper Comments Different from Laka lak of Nigeria which is Adamawa Ubangi and from Kaba ksp of Central African Republic and Chad More Information Lele lln Tandjilé region Tandjilé Ouest department south of Kélo 26 000 1991 UBS Status 5 Developing Classification Afro Asiatic Chadic East A A 2 1 Comments Different from Lele lel of Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Lela dialect of Kasem xsm of Ghana and Burkina Faso More Information Lutos ndy Mandoul region Moyen Chari region Grande Sido department south of Ngam nmc language area on Central African Republic border 1 980 in Chad 1993 census Status 6a Vigorous Dialects Ruto Louto Luto Rito Routo Classification Nilo Saharan Central Sudanic West Bongo Bagirmi Sara Bagirmi Sara Vale More Information Maba mde Batha region Ouaddaï region Ouara and Djourf al Ahmar departments Sila region Wadi Fira region Biltine department Biltine subprefecture most of Ouara department and villages south of Biltine 296 000 2006 E Zürcher decreasing Very few monolinguals Status 3 Wider communication Alternate Names Borgu Bura Mabang Kana Mabang Mabaa Mabak Mabang Ouaddai Ouaddaien Wadai Waddayen Dialects Kabartu Kodroy Kondongo Maba Lexical similarity 73 with Karanga kth 63 with Marfa mvu 42 with Masalit mls Classification Nilo Saharan Maban Maba Comments Ethnic groups Uled Djemma Aulad Djema Awlad Djema Muslim More Information Mabire muj Guéra region Bidiyo canton Mongo Rural subprefecture Oulek village 3 2001 SIL Status 8b Nearly extinct Dialects Reportedly similar to Tounkoul dialect of Bidiyo bid Lexical similarity 37 52 with Jegu dialect of Mogum mou Classification Afro Asiatic Chadic East B B 1 1 More Information Majera xmj Chari Baguirmi region Mayo Kebbi Est region Mayo Lemie department north of Guélengdeng Dogwea village Logone river east bank Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Da a Mazera Mida a Midah Dialects Hwalem Holom Kajire dulo Majera Mazra Classification Afro Asiatic Chadic Biu Mandara B B 1 Jina Comments Included in what the Mandage call Mida a and Da a More Information Malgbe mxf Hadjer Lamis region N Djamena subprefecture north of N Djamena on Chari river Douguia Malalie Oulio Walia and other villages Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Goulfei Goulfey Gulfei Kotoko Gulfei Malbe Malgwe Ngwalkwe Sanbalbe Dialects Douguia Goulfey Mara Walia Classification Afro Asiatic Chadic Biu Mandara B B 1 Kotoko Proper North Comments Related to other Kotoko ethnic and linguistic groups Afade aal Lagwan kot Maslam msv Mpade mpi Mser kqx and Jilbe jie of Nigeria More Information Mambai mcs Mayo Kebbi Ouest region Lac Léré department Cameroon border west of Léré 2 000 in Chad 2002 SIL Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Mambay Mamgbay Mamgbei Manbai Mangbai Mangbaï de Biparé Mangbei Momboi Mongbay Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo North Adamawa Ubangi Adamawa Mbum Day Mbum Northern Tupuri Mambai More Information Mango mge Logone Oriental region La Pendé department Bodo subprefecture Mandoul and Tandjilé regions 52 200 2006 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Doba Mbay Doba Mongo Dialects None known Reportedly similar to Bedjond bjv and Gor gqr with high inherent intelligibility Classification Nilo Saharan Central Sudanic West Bongo Bagirmi Sara Bagirmi Sara Sara Proper Comments Christian traditional religion More Information Mararit mgb Wadi Fira region Biltine Department Am Zoer Subprefecture Abou Charib Ouaddaï region Assoungha department Mabrone subprefecture Mararit 42 400 1993 census 15 400 Mararit 27 000 Abou Charib Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Abiri Abiyi Ebiri Mararet Merarit Dialects Abou Charib Abu Sharib Abu Sharin Mararit Limited intelligibility between the Abou Charib and Mararit dialects Very difficult intelligibility of Tama tma Not intelligible of Sungor sjg Lexical similarity 62 with Tama tma 75 between the Abou Charib and Mararit dialects Classification Nilo Saharan Eastern Sudanic Western Tama Mararit Comments The Abou Charib live north of the Mararit and trace their ancestry to them Muslim More Information Marba mpg Tandjile region Tandjilé Ouest department Mayo Kébbi Est region Kabbia department north of Kélo 148 000 2006 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Azumeina Dialects Kolon Kolong Kulung Léo Leou Marba Banana Bananna Maraba Classification Afro Asiatic Chadic Masa Comments Different from Marfa mvu Marba of Chad which is Maban More Information Marfa mvu Ouaddaï region Ouara department south of Abéché 5 000 1999 SIL Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Marba Dialects Not a dialect of Masalit mls Lexical similarity 63 with Maba mde 69 with Karanga kth 45 with Masalit mls Classification Nilo Saharan Maban Maba Comments Different from Marba mpg which is Chadic More Information Masalit mls Ouaddaï region Assoungha department Adré area Sila region Western Masalit dialect Ouaddaï region 60 900 in Chad 2006 increasing Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Kaana Masala Kana Masaraka Masale Masara Masaraka Massalit Massolit Dialects Masaltang Northern Masalit Southern Masalit Western Masalit Classification Nilo Saharan Maban Masalit Comments Muslim More Information Masana mcn Mayo Kebbi Est region Mayo Boneye department Bongor subprefecture along Logone river small enclave in Chari Baguirmi region 130 000 in Chad 2006 Population total all countries 233 000 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Banana pej Masa Massa Dialects Bongor Bugudum Budugum Domo Gizay Gisey Guissey Gumay Goumaye Ham Walia Walya Wina Viri Yagwa Yagoua All dialects understand Yagoua dialect well Gizay and Yagoua dialects are 80 mutually intelligible Lexical similarity 97 between the Budugum dialect and the most similar other dialect Classification Afro Asiatic Chadic Masa Comments Traditional religion Christian More Information Maslam msv Ville de N Djamena region Haraze Al Biar department Mani subprefecture North of N Djamena along Chari river Maslam dialect Miskini and Blabli villages Sao dialect Farcha Milezi and Ngara Mandju Gourmadjo villages Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Kotoko Maltam Maltam Dialects Maslam Maltam Sao Sahu Classification Afro Asiatic Chadic Biu Mandara B B 1 Kotoko Proper North Comments In the Kotoko ethnic and linguistic group Kotoko total 22 717 1993 census More Information Masmaje mes Batha region Batha Est department Oum Hadjer subprefecture southwest of Oum Hadjer north of Mubi mub language area Ethnic population 25 700 1993 census Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Masmadje Mesmedje Classification Afro Asiatic Chadic East B B 1 2 More Information Massalat mdg Batha region Batha Est department Oum Hadjer subprefecture Ouaddaï region Djourf Al Ahmar department Am Dam subprefecture 10 1991 R Blench Ethnic population 29 800 1993 census Status 8b Nearly extinct Classification Nilo Saharan Maban Masalit Comments Originally separated from the Masalit mls along the Sudan border and moved west Muslim More Information Mawa mcw Guéra region Guéra department Bitkine subprefecture Mahoua village area southeast of Mukulu moz language area 6 560 2000 Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Mahoua Mahwa Dialects Gura village of Gurara and Reupan village of Roffono have been called dialects but their speech is very similar to that of Mahoua Lexical similarity 8 with Ubi ubi Classification Afro Asiatic Chadic East B B 1 1 Comments Muslim More Information Mbara mpk Chari Baguirmi region Baguirmi department Massenya subprefecture Mayo Kebbi Est Region Mayo Boneye department Bongor subprefecture Mayo Lémié department along Chari river Guélengdeng area 1 000 Tourneux Seignobos and LaFarge 1986 Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names G kelendeg G kelendeng Guelengdeng Massa de Guelengdeng Classification Afro Asiatic Chadic Biu Mandara B B 2 More Information Mbay myb Mandoul region Barh Sara department Moïssala area The traditional area is on Chad and Central African Republic borders 80 000 in Chad 1990 J Keegan Population total all countries 88 300 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Mbai Mbay Moissala Mbaye Moissala Mbai Sara Mbai Dialects Bbate Bédégué Bédjou Kan Mbay Kan Mougo Ngoka Mbang Classification Nilo Saharan Central Sudanic West Bongo Bagirmi Sara Bagirmi Sara Sara Proper Comments Traditional religion Christian More Information Mesme zim Tandjilé region Tandjilé Ouest department south and west of Kélo between Kélo and Pala 20 100 1993 census Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Djime Djiwe Zime of Kélo Dialects Bero Zamre Related to Pévé lme Ngeté nnn and Herdé hed Classification Afro Asiatic Chadic Masa More Information Migaama mmy Guéra region Guéra department Mongo subprefecture east of Mongo Abou Telfane canton Abu Telfan area Migaama dialect Baro Doga dialect Fityari Gamiya dialect Game and Julkulkili Dambiya dialect Mala 20 000 2000 W Chesley 2 000 monolinguals Ethnic population 23 000 1991 census Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Dionkor Djonkor Djonkor Abou Dyongor Jongor Jonkor Migama Telfane Dialects Dambiya Ndambiya Doga Gamiya Migaama Classification Afro Asiatic Chadic East B B 1 1 Comments Muslim More Information Miltu mlj Chari Baguirmi region Loug Chari department Bousso

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