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  • São Tomé e Príncipe - Feedback | Ethnologue
    Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print Edition 17th Edition 16th Edition 15th Edition 14th Edition 13th Edition Related Sites SIL org ScriptSource ISO

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/ST/feedback (2016-02-13)
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  • Profile of language status for São Tomé e Príncipe | Ethnologue
    each level The color coding of the bars matches the color scheme used in the summary profile graphs on the navigation maps for the site In this scheme the EGIDS levels are grouped as follows Purple Institutional EGIDS 0 4 The language has been developed to the point that it is used and sustained by institutions beyond the home and community Blue Developing EGIDS 5 The language is in vigorous use with literature in a standardized form being used by some though this is not yet widespread or sustainable Green Vigorous EGIDS 6a The language is unstandardized and in vigorous use among all generations Yellow In trouble EGIDS 6b 7 Intergenerational transmission is in the process of being broken but the child bearing generation can still use the language so it is possible that revitalization efforts could restore transmission of the language in the home Red Dying EGIDS 8a 9 The only fluent users if any are older than child bearing age so it is too late to restore natural intergenerational transmission through the home a mechanism outside the home would need to be developed Black Extinct EGIDS 10 The language has fallen completely out of use and no one

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/profile/ST (2016-02-13)
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  • Senegal - Languages | Ethnologue
    with Mlomp mlo the most similar Jola language Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Atlantic Northern Bak Jola Jola Proper Karon Mlomp Comments Ethnic autonym Kaloon Strong desire to develop the language and preserve the culture More Information Kerak hhr Ziguinchor region southwest near Guinea Bissau border Kabrousse village area 13 200 2006 Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Her Keerak Keeraku Dialects None known Distinct from other Jola varieties Lexical similarity 70 with Kerak and Ejamat eja more recent estimates are closer to 90 Both languages are mutually intelligible Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Atlantic Northern Bak Jola Jola Proper Jola Central Her Ejamat More Information Kobiana kcj Ziguinchor region The Gambia border 400 in Senegal 2006 Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Buy Cobiana Uboi Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Atlantic Northern Eastern Senegal Guinea Nun Comments Traditional religion More Information Kuwaataay cwt Ziguinchor region Diembering Bouyouye Nyikine Boukot Diola coastal villages south of Casamance river mouth Dakar 6 210 2006 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Kwatay Dialects None known Distinct from other Jola varieties Lexical similarity 40 with most Jola languages Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Atlantic Northern Bak Jola Jola Proper Kwatay More Information Laalaa cae Pambal area north of Thies Mbaraglov Dougnan Tambacounda area 12 000 2007 Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Lala Lehar Serer Dialects None known 52 intelligibility with Noon snf Lexical similarity 84 with Noon snf 74 with Saafi Saafi sav 68 with Ndut ndv and Palor fap 22 with Serer Sine srr Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Atlantic Northern Cangin Comments Often identified by themselves and by the majority population as Serer a widely used name for a cultural and linguistic group which includes the Serer Sine language and the 5 Cangin languages Muslim Christian traditional religion More Information Mandinka mnk Sedhiou region Casamance river north to The Gambia Ziguinchor region south of Casamance river Kolda region southeast border with Guinea Oussadou area 669 000 in Senegal 2006 Population total all countries 1 346 000 Status 5 Developing Recognized language 2005 Decree No 982 of 21 October Alternate Names Mande Manding Mandingo Mandingue Mandinque Socé Dialects None known Mandinka Eastern Maninkakan emk and Western Maninkakan mlq are separate languages Lexical similarity 79 with Kalanke 75 with Jahanka jad 70 with Xaasongaxango kao 59 with Western Maninkakan mlq 53 with Eastern Maninkakan emk 48 with Bambara bam A member of macrolanguage Mandingo man Classification Niger Congo Mande Western Central Southwestern Central Manding Jogo Manding Vai Manding Mokole Manding Manding West Comments Muslim More Information Mandjak mfv Sedhiou region Soukoutoto southeast to Guinea border Casamance river both sides Ziguinchor region from capitol southeast to Guinea border 105 000 in Senegal 2006 Status 5 Developing Recognized language 2005 Decree No 983 of 21 October Alternate Names Kanyop Majak Mandjaque Mandyak Manjaaku Manjaca Manjack Manjaco Manjak Manjaku Ndjak Dialects Bok Kabok Sara Teixeira Pinto Tsaam Ubok Cur Churo Likes Utsia Baraa Kalkus Lund Ulund Yu Pecixe Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Atlantic Northern Bak Manjaku Papel Comments Traditional religion Christian More Information Maninkakan Western mlq Tambacounda and Kedougou regions north of Gambia river Kolda region near easternmost point of The Gambia 422 000 in Senegal 2006 Population total all countries 858 300 Status 5 Developing Recognized language 2001 Constitution Article 1 Alternate Names Malinka Malinké Maninga Maninka Western Western Malinke Dialects Jahanka Diakhanke Diakhonké Diakkanke Jahanque Jahonque Jaxanka Kyakanke Lexical similarity 59 with Mandinka mnk A member of macrolanguage Mandingo man Classification Niger Congo Mande Western Central Southwestern Central Manding Jogo Manding Vai Manding Mokole Manding Manding West Comments Muslim traditional religion More Information Mankanya knf Sedhiou region Casamance river area around Sedhiou city between Casamance and Soungrougrou rivers Ziguinchior region south along Casamance river east and west of Ziguinchor city shares area with Manjak mfv language group 29 200 in Senegal 2006 increasing 3 000 monolinguals Status 5 Developing Recognized language 2005 Decree No 984 of 21 October Alternate Names Bola Mancagne Mancang Mancanha Mankaañ Mankanha Uhula Dialects Uhula Uwoh Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Atlantic Northern Bak Manjaku Papel Comments Traditional religion Christian More Information Ménik tnr Kedougou region Gambia river headwaters and Guinea border 3 380 2002 NTM Status 5 Developing Recognized language 2005 Decree No 985 of 21 October Alternate Names Bande Basari du Bandemba Bedik Budik Tandanke Tenda Tendanke Dialects None known Reportedly similar to Oniyan bsc Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Atlantic Northern Eastern Senegal Guinea Tenda Comments Ménik is the traditional language name Reportedly a creole with elements from Oniyan bsc Peul fuc and other languages Traditional religion Christian More Information Mlomp mlo Ziguinchor region north of Casamance river Mlomp village on Tendouck to Tiobon road Bignona department surrounding villages 5 400 2006 Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Gulompaay Mlomp North Dialects None known Lexical similarity 64 with Karon krx most similar 42 with the next most similar Jola language Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Atlantic Northern Bak Jola Jola Proper Karon Mlomp More Information Ndut ndv Thies region between Thies town and Atlantic coast 38 600 2007 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Ndoute Dialects None known 32 intelligibility of Palor fap Lexical similarity 84 with Palor fap 68 with Saafi Saafi sav Noon snf and Lehar cae 22 with Serer Sine srr Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Atlantic Northern Cangin Comments Often identified by themselves and the majority population as Serer a widely used name for a cultural or linguistic group which includes the Serer Sine language and the 5 Cangin languages Muslim Christian traditional religion More Information N ko nqo Widespread Status 3 Wider communication Classification Mixed language More Information Noon snf Thies region Thies town area 32 900 2007 Status 5 Developing Recognized language 2005 Decree No 986 of 21 October Alternate Names Non None Serer Serer Noon Dialects Cangin Padee Saawii Noon is very different from Serer Sine srr 68 intelligibility of Lehar cae Lexical similarity 84 with Lehar cae 74 with Safen sav 68 with Ndut ndv and Palor fap 22 with Serer Sine srr

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/SN/languages (2016-02-13)
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  • Senegal - Status | Ethnologue
    982 of 21 October 669 000 in Senegal 2006 Population total all countries 1 346 000 Mandjak mfv 5 Developing Recognized language 2005 Decree No 983 of 21 October 105 000 in Senegal 2006 Maninkakan Western mlq 5 Developing Recognized language 2001 Constitution Article 1 422 000 in Senegal 2006 Population total all countries 858 300 Mankanya knf 5 Developing Recognized language 2005 Decree No 984 of 21 October 29 200 in Senegal 2006 increasing 3 000 monolinguals Ménik tnr 5 Developing Recognized language 2005 Decree No 985 of 21 October 3 380 2002 NTM Ndut ndv 5 Developing 38 600 2007 Noon snf 5 Developing Recognized language 2005 Decree No 986 of 21 October 32 900 2007 Oniyan bsc 5 Developing Recognized language 2005 Decree No 987 of 21 October 13 300 in Senegal 2006 Population total all countries 22 510 Pulaar fuc 5 Developing Recognized language 2001 Constitution Article 1 2 740 000 in Senegal 2006 Population total all countries 3 691 000 Pular fuf 5 Developing 150 000 in Senegal 2006 Saafi Saafi sav 5 Developing Recognized language 2005 Decree No 989 of 21 October 200 000 2012 increasing Serer Sine srr 5 Developing Recognized language 2001 Constitution Article 1 1 130 000 in Senegal 2006 Population total all countries 1 161 900 6a Vigorous Bayot bda 6a Vigorous 16 100 in Senegal 2006 Population total all countries 18 790 Gusilay gsl 6a Vigorous 15 400 2006 Jalunga yal 6a Vigorous 10 000 in Senegal 2007 NTM increasing Karon krx 6a Vigorous 9 000 in Senegal 2007 increasing Population total all countries 15 000 A few hundred elderly monolinguals Kerak hhr 6a Vigorous 13 200 2006 Laalaa cae 6a Vigorous 12 000 2007 Soninke snk 6a Vigorous Recognized language 2001 Constitution Article 1 378 000 in Senegal

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/SN/status (2016-02-13)
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  • Seychelles - Languages | Ethnologue
    4 000 in Seychelles Francophonie 2007 L2 users 44 000 in Seychelles Francophonie 2007 Status 1 National Statutory national language 2003 Constitution Article 4 1 Classification Indo European Italic Romance Italo Western Western Gallo Iberian Gallo Romance Gallo Rhaetian Oïl French Comments Spoken by French settler families grands blancs More Information Seselwa Creole French crs 72 700 1998 Ethnic population 72 700 Status 1 National Statutory national language 2003 Constitution Article 4 1 Alternate Names Creole Ilois Kreol Kreol Seselwa Seselwa Seychelles Creole French Seychellois Creole Dialects Seychelles dialect reportedly used on Chagos Islands Structural differences with Morisyen mfe are relatively minor Low intelligibility of Réunion Creole rcf Classification Creole French based Comments Christian More Information Language Status Profile Click to enlarge with explanation Amazon Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print Edition 17th Edition 16th Edition 15th Edition 14th Edition 13th Edition Related Sites SIL org ScriptSource ISO 639 3 Contact SIL International

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/SC/languages (2016-02-13)
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  • Seychelles - Status | Ethnologue
    Constitution Article 4 1 72 700 1998 Ethnic population 72 700 Language Status Profile Click to enlarge with explanation Amazon Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/SC/status (2016-02-13)
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  • Sierra Leone - Languages | Ethnologue
    in Sierra Leone 1993 Population total all countries 495 600 L2 users 4 000 000 in Sierra Leone 1987 F Jones L2 users prefer indigenous languages for informal situations Status 3 Wider communication Alternate Names Creole Patois Dialects Aku Krio and Jamaican Creole jam and Krio and Sea Islands Creole gul may have some interintelligibility Linguistic influence from Yoruba yor Hancock 1987 Classification Creole English based Atlantic Krio Comments L1 Krio speakers mainly descendants of repatriated slaves from Jamaica Traditional religion Christian More Information Kuranko knk Northern province Kabala area 268 000 in Sierra Leone 2006 Population total all countries 323 200 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Koranko Dialects Barrawa Mankaliya Mongo Ney Nieni Sambaya Sengbe Guinean Kuranko varieties represent a dialectal continuum between the Sierra Leonean Kuranko and Eastern Maninkakan emk Lexical similarity 51 with Eastern Maninkakan emk 59 with Sankaran Maninka msc and 62 with Lele llc 2000 D Rainwater Classification Niger Congo Mande Western Central Southwestern Central Manding Jogo Manding Vai Manding Mokole Mokole Comments Traditional religion Muslim More Information Limba East lma Northern province eastern Bombali and western Koinadugu districts Western Area peninsula south of Freetown 600 in Sierra Leone 2006 Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Yimba Yumba Dialects Northern Limba Ke Woya Yaka Warawara Southern Limba Biriwa Saroko Kalantuba Sunko Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Atlantic Southern Limba Comments Traditional religion Muslim More Information Limba West Central lia Northern province east Bombali and northeast Kambia districts Little Scarcies river area north of Makeni 335 000 1989 J Kaiser Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Yimba Yumba Dialects Central Limba Gbongogbo Tamiso Western Limba Sela Tonko Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Atlantic Southern Limba Comments Quite different from East Limba lma of Sierra Leone and Guinea Traditional religion Muslim More Information Loko lok Northern province Bombali district Koya Ribbi and Bumpe chiefdom areas Sanda Loko chiefdom 138 000 2006 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Landogo Dialects Buya Gbendembu Koya Laia Libisegahun Magbiambo Nagbanmba Ngoahu Ribbi Sanda Reportedly similar to Mende men Classification Niger Congo Mande Western Central Southwestern Southwestern Mende Loma Mende Bandi Mende Loko Comments Traditional religion Muslim More Information Maninkakan Eastern emk Northern province Koinadugu district Kabala area small groups throughout the country 108 000 in Sierra Leone 2006 Status 3 Wider communication Alternate Names Eastern Malinke Kankan Maninka Madingo Malinké Mande Mandingo Maninka Maninka Mori Southern Malinke Classification Niger Congo Mande Western Central Southwestern Central Manding Jogo Manding Vai Manding Mokole Manding Manding East Southeastern Manding Comments Muslim More Information Mende men Southern province most of interior Eastern province Pujehun Kenema and Kailahun districts Northern province Bombali and Moyamba districts border areas expanding along the coast and south and east 1 480 000 in Sierra Leone 2006 Population total all countries 1 499 700 Status 3 Wider communication Alternate Names Boumpe Hulo Kossa Kosso Dialects Ko Kpa Sewawa Waanjama Lexical similarity 92 98 among dialects Classification Niger Congo Mande Western Central Southwestern Southwestern Mende Loma Mende Bandi Mende Loko Comments Traditional religion Christian Muslim

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/SL/languages (2016-02-13)
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  • Sierra Leone - Status | Ethnologue
    3 Wider communication 1 230 000 2006 L2 users 240 000 1981 D Cranmer 5 Developing Bassa bsq 5 Developing 5 730 in Sierra Leone 2006 Bullom So buy 5 Developing 8 350 in Sierra Leone 2006 Gola gol 5 Developing 8 000 in Sierra Leone 1989 The Institute for Sierra Leonean Languages Kisi Southern kss 5 Developing 85 000 in Sierra Leone 1995 Kissi Northern kqs 5 Developing 40 000 in Sierra Leone 1991 LBT Klao klu 5 Developing 9 620 in Sierra Leone 2006 Kono kno 5 Developing 205 000 2006 L2 users 25 000 1981 D Cranmer Kuranko knk 5 Developing 268 000 in Sierra Leone 2006 Population total all countries 323 200 Limba West Central lia 5 Developing 335 000 1989 J Kaiser Loko lok 5 Developing 138 000 2006 Pular fuf 5 Developing 178 000 in Sierra Leone 1991 Susu sus 5 Developing 122 000 in Sierra Leone 2006 Vai vai 5 Developing 15 500 in Sierra Leone 1991 Yalunka yal 5 Developing 30 000 in Sierra Leone 2002 SIL 6a Vigorous Sherbro bun 6a Vigorous 135 000 1989 J Kaiser Sierra Leone Sign Language sgx 6a Vigorous 200 2008 WFD Reportedly 200 deaf signers out of 3 000 5 000 total deaf 2008 WFD 6b Threatened Limba East lma 6b Threatened 600 in Sierra Leone 2006 8b Nearly extinct Bom bmf 8b Nearly extinct A few hundred speakers 2014 T Childs Krim krm 8b Nearly extinct 15 2014 T Childs decreasing Language Status Profile Click to enlarge with explanation Ethnologue Products Languages of Sierra Leone An Ethnologue Country Report 30 pp 9 95 Language Map of Sierra Leone License for single academic use of a high resolution watermark free map 24 95 Browse all products Amazon Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account

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