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  • Languages of Sierra Leone | Ethnologue
    An index of ISO 639 3 codes An index of language names including primary alternate and dialect names A bibliography of references cited The report is disseminated as a digital download It is paginated with cross references rendered as page numbers so that the user may print the report and use it in that form However the cross reference page numbers are also hot links that jump to the referenced location when the report is used with a PDF reader in its digital form Ethnologue report license agreement Each Ethnologue country report is a licensed product with restricted terms of use Before purchasing the product you must agree to the following terms This is a license for individual use Just as with a conventionally published book it is a violation of copyright to make a copy and give it to others You may not redistribute this work in any form including ingesting the contents into a database that is shared with others or posting it on a web site whether public or private To inquire about permission for reuse or redistribution use the Contact Us form and select Request Copyright Permissions Buying Options File Languages of Sierra Leone An Ethnologue

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/product/18-Report-SL (2016-02-13)
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  • Somalia - Languages | Ethnologue
    Moqdisho 23 000 2006 Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Af Jiiddu Jiddu Dialects Distinct from Somali som and Tunni tqq usually grouped under Digil dialects or languages Different sentence structure and phonology from Somali More similar to Somali than to Baiso bsw Reportedly some similarities to Konsoid languages and to Gedeo drs Alaba Kabeena alw Hadiyya hdy and Kambaata ktb Classification Afro Asiatic Cushitic East Somali Comments Muslim More Information Maay ymm Bay and Bakool regions Gedo Shabeellaha Hoose Jubbada Dhexe Hiiraan and Jubbada Hoose regions 1 860 000 in Somalia 2006 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Af Maay Af Maay Tiri Af May Af Maymay Rahanween Rahanweyn Dialects Af Helledi May be more than 1 language dialects form a continuum Within the Maay dialect continuum at least two dialect groupings may be discerned largely between the Digil clans e g Wenle Weyn and the Mirifle clans based on Bay Bakool The Digil consider themselves the royal clan class of the Maay speaking Rahanweyn Somali som is difficult or unintelligible to Maay speakers except when learned through mass communications urbanization and internal movement Different sentence structure and phonology from Somali Af Helledi is a Maay secret language used by hunters Classification Afro Asiatic Cushitic East Somali Comments Little travel Muslim More Information Mushungulu xma Jubbada Hoose region Jamaame district urban areas Kismaayo and Muqdisho 23 000 2006 Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Kimushungulu Mushunguli Dialects None known May be the same as or intelligible of Zigula ziw or Shambala ksb Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central G Zigula Zaramo G 311 Comments Descended from fugitive slaves who escaped from Somali masters in Middle Shabeelle region around 1840 Ethnonym Wazegua in northeast Tanzania see Zigula Muslim traditional religion More Information Oromo Borana Arsi Guji gax Gedo region 41 600 in Somalia 2000 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Southern Oromo Dialects Borana Booran Boran Classification Afro Asiatic Cushitic East Oromo Comments The Oromo variety in Gedo is probably Borana that in the Lower Jubba region is probably Orma orc The Oromo spoken in the Lower Jubba region may actually be Orma The Orma controlled that area until the mid or late 19th century They move from lower Tana River inland toward Kitui District during rainy season Muslim More Information Somali som Widespread 6 460 000 in Somalia 2002 Population total all countries 14 762 900 Status 1 National Statutory national language 2004 Transitional Federal Charter Article 7 1 Alternate Names Af Maxaad Tiri Af Soomaali Common Somali Soomaaliga Standard Somali Dialects Af Ashraaf Ashraaf Benaadir Northern Somali Northern Somali is basis for standard Somali Readily intelligible to Benaadir Somali speakers but difficult or unintelligible to most Maay ymm Those in Merka and Muqdisho speak Af Ashraaf a distinct variety which may have limited inherent intelligibility of standard Somali Classification Afro Asiatic Cushitic East Somali Comments Muslim More Information Swahili swh Jubbada Hoose region Baraawe and dispersed in southern towns Kismaayo district and nearby coast

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/SO/languages (2016-02-13)
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  • Somalia - Status | Ethnologue
    Federal Charter Article 7 1 6 460 000 in Somalia 2002 Population total all countries 14 762 900 5 Dispersed Swahili swh 5 Dispersed 184 000 in Somalia 2006 5 Developing Maay ymm 5 Developing 1 860 000 in Somalia 2006 Oromo Borana Arsi Guji gax 5 Developing 41 600 in Somalia 2000 6a Vigorous Dabarre dbr 6a Vigorous 23 000 2006 Garre gex 6a Vigorous 57 500 2006 Ethnic population 100 000 1992 Jiiddu jii 6a Vigorous 23 000 2006 Mushungulu xma 6a Vigorous 23 000 2006 Tunni tqq 6a Vigorous 23 000 2006 8b Nearly extinct Boon bnl 8b Nearly extinct 59 2000 Language Status Profile Click to enlarge with explanation Ethnologue Products Languages of Somalia An Ethnologue Country Report 24 pp 9 95 Language Map of Somalia License for single academic use of a high resolution watermark free map 24 95 Browse all products Amazon Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/SO/status (2016-02-13)
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  • Somalia - Maps | Ethnologue
    the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print Edition 17th Edition 16th Edition 15th Edition 14th Edition 13th Edition Related Sites SIL org ScriptSource ISO 639 3

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/SO/maps (2016-02-13)
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  • Somalia - Feedback | Ethnologue
    single academic use of a high resolution watermark free map 24 95 Browse all products Amazon Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print Edition

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/SO/feedback (2016-02-13)
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  • South Africa - Languages | Ethnologue
    nge Gã ne Ku e Had 3 dialects Classification Tuu Ui More Information Sotho Northern nso Northern province Mpumalanga province Nkangala and Ehlanzeni districts Gauteng province Pretoria area North West province Mortele municipality 4 620 000 in South Africa 2011 census increasing Population total all countries 4 631 000 L2 users 9 100 000 in South Africa Status 1 National Statutory national language 2004 Constitution Article 6 1 Alternate Names Pedi Sepedi Sesotho sa Leboa Transvaal Sotho Dialects Dzwabo Thabine Roka Nareng Gananwa Hananwa Xananwa Kgaga Khaga Kxaxa Khutswe Khutswi Kutswe Koni Kone Kopa Ndebele Sotho Lobedu Khelobedu Lovedu Lubedu Masemola Masemula Tau Matlala Moletshi Pai Phalaborwa Phalaburwa Thephalaborwa Pulana Tlokwa Dogwa Tlokoa Tokwa Tswene Tsweni Dialects Pai Kutswe and Pulana are more divergent and sometimes called Eastern Sotho Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central S Sotho Tswana S 32 Comments Christian traditional religion More Information Sotho Southern sot Free State province Gauteng province Tembisa and Kempton Park Eastern Cape province Senqu municipality south of Lesotho North West and Mpumalanga provinces border areas 3 850 000 in South Africa 2011 census increasing L2 users 7 900 000 in South Africa Status 1 National Statutory national language 1996 Constitution Article 6 1 Alternate Names Sesotho Sisutho Souto Suthu Suto Dialects Taung Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central S Sotho Tswana S 33 Comments Christian traditional religion More Information South African Sign Language sfs Scattered 235 000 2011 census Approx 500 000 2008 WFD Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names SASL Dialects Several dialects are used unofficially in different regions Deaf Federation of South Africa promotes a standardized variety The North British sign system was used for the deaf in white English speaking families In 1881 a school for Afrikaans afr speaking families began using British Sign Language bfi Several dialects are used unofficially in different schools 9 sign language systems 60 related to British Sign Language bfi or Australian sign languages asf few to American Sign Language ase There is a Signed Afrikaans as well Classification Deaf sign language More Information Swahili swh KwaZulu Natal province Chatsworth 1 on coast southwest of Durban proper 2 000 in South Africa 2006 Status 5 Dispersed Alternate Names Arab Swahili Kisuahili Kiswaheli Suahili Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central G Swahili G 42 Comments Zanzibaris brought from Zanzibar and northern Mozambique from 1873 1878 Muslim More Information Swati ssw KwaZulu Natal and Mpumalanga provinces 1 300 000 in South Africa 2011 census L2 users 2 400 000 in South Africa Status 1 National Statutory national language 1996 Constitution Article 6 1 Alternate Names Siswati Siswazi Swazi Tekela Tekeza Thithiza Yeyeza Dialects Baca Hlubi Phuthi Sephuthi Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central S Nguni S 43 Comments Christian traditional religion More Information Tsonga tso Northern and Mpumalanga provinces 2 280 000 in South Africa

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/ZA/languages (2016-02-13)
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  • South Africa - Status | Ethnologue
    Africa 2011 census increasing L2 users 7 700 000 in South Africa Venda ven 1 National Statutory national language 1996 Constitution Article 6 1 1 210 000 in South Africa 2011 census increasing Population total all countries 1 294 000 L2 users 1 700 000 in South Africa Xhosa xho 1 National Statutory national language 1996 Constitution Article 6 1 8 150 000 in South Africa 2011 census Population total all countries 8 177 300 L2 users 11 000 000 in South Africa Zulu zul 1 National Statutory national language 1996 Constitution Article 6 1 11 600 000 in South Africa 2011 census increasing Population total all countries 11 969 100 L2 users 15 700 000 in South Africa 3 Wider communication Pidgin Bantu fng 3 Wider communication L2 users Several hundred thousand L2 speakers in South Africa Reinecke et al 1975 4 Educational Khoekhoe naq 4 Educational 50 900 in South Africa 2006 5 Dispersed Hindi hin 5 Dispersed 361 000 in South Africa 2003 Swahili swh 5 Dispersed 2 000 in South Africa 2006 Urdu urd 5 Dispersed 12 000 in South Africa 2006 5 Developing Ronga rng 5 Developing 1 000 in South Africa 2006 Tswa tsc 5 Developing 20 000 in South Africa 2006 6a Vigorous Birwa brl 6a Vigorous Khwe xuu 6a Vigorous 1 200 in South Africa 2010 LBT Oorlams oor 6a Vigorous 32 000 2006 South African Sign Language sfs 6a Vigorous 235 000 2011 census Approx 500 000 2008 WFD 8b Nearly extinct N u ngh 8b Nearly extinct 12 2005 N Crawhall decreasing Ethnic population 500 1998 N Crawhall Xiri xii 8b Nearly extinct 87 in South Africa 2000 Population total all countries 187 9 Dormant Flaaitaal fly 9 Dormant Korana kqz 9 Dormant No known L1 speakers Ethnic population 10

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/ZA/status (2016-02-13)
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  • South Africa - Maps | Ethnologue
    all products Amazon Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print Edition 17th Edition 16th Edition 15th Edition 14th Edition 13th Edition Related Sites SIL

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/ZA/maps (2016-02-13)
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