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  • South Africa - Feedback | Ethnologue
    Swaziland License for single academic use of a high resolution watermark free map 24 95 Browse all products Amazon Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/ZA/feedback (2016-02-13)
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  • South Sudan - Languages | Ethnologue
    and Lainya counties both banks of the Nile south of Terakeka on west bank Mongalla on east bank to Kajo Kaji escarpment 420 000 in South Sudan 2000 Population total all countries 480 000 L2 users 175 000 in South Sudan 2013 SIL Status 3 Wider communication Regional language chosen for development by Rejaf Conference 1928 Alternate Names Beri Dialects Bari Kuku Ligo Liggo Nyangbara Nyambara Nyangwara Nyepu Ngyepu Nyefu Nyepo Nypho Pöjulu Fadjulu Fajelu Madi Pajulu Lexical similarity 86 with Bari and Nyepu dialects 85 with Bari and Pöjulu 81 with Bari and Kuku 80 with Bari and Nyangbara 71 with Mundari mqu 73 with Kakwa keo Classification Nilo Saharan Eastern Sudanic Nilotic Eastern Bari Comments Ethnic Bari in Democratic Republic of the Congo now speak a dialect of Logo log and not Bari More Information Belanda Bor bxb West Bahr el Ghazal state Wau and Jur River counties Raffili Tirga Bazia Ayo Gitten and Taban villages West Equatoria state Nagero county Komai Nagero and Bangazegino villages Tambura town 8 000 1983 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names De Bor Classification Nilo Saharan Eastern Sudanic Nilotic Western Luo Northern Bor Comments Much intermarriage with the Belanda Viri bvi More Information Belanda Viri bvi West Bahr el Ghazal state Wau and Jur River counties Bringi Bagari Dadu Ngoku Ngisa Farajallah Ngotakala Ngongba Natabo Momoyi and Raffili villages Raga county Kuru 65 km east of Deim Zubeir West Equatoria state Tembura and Ibba areas 16 000 Welmers 1971 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Belanda Biri Bviri Gamba Gumba Mbegumba Mvegumba Viri Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo North Adamawa Ubangi Ubangi Sere Ngbaka Mba Sere Sere Bviri Bai Viri Comments Ethnonym Viri More Information Beli blm Lakes state Wulu county south and west of Rumbek West Equatoria state Mvolo county east and north of Mvolo 65 000 2009 SIL Status 5 Developing Recognized language 2011 Transitional Constitution Article 6 1 primary education literacy efforts Alternate Names Behli Beili Beli Jur Beli Dialects Bahri Girinti Sopi Supi Wulu Lexical similarity 46 with Jur Modo bex 45 with Bongo bot 41 with Mo da gbn and Morokodo mgc 39 with Baka bdh Classification Nilo Saharan Central Sudanic West Bongo Bagirmi Bongo Baka Morokodo Beli More Information Boguru bqu West Equatoria state Ibba and Yambio counties Mariko Baambu Ibba and Bagasu villages No known L1 speakers in South Sudan Ethnic population 500 Status 9 Dormant Alternate Names Buguru Kogoro Koguru Dialects Boguru Bukur Bukum Bukuru Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central D Bira Nyali D 302 More Information Bongo bot Warrap state Tonj South county Aguka and Busere villages also Tonj and Wau towns 10 100 2000 Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Bungu Dor Dialects Bungo Busere Bongo Tonj Bongo Slight dialect differences between River Busere variety with Zande influence and that around Tonj Bungo dialect has minor differences Classification Nilo Saharan Central Sudanic West Bongo Bagirmi Bongo Baka Bongo Comments Different from Bongo a dialect of Mid Southern Banda bjo of Central African Republic More Information Didinga did East Equatoria state Budi county Chukudum area Didinga hills 60 000 2007 SIL Status 5 Developing Recognized language 2011 Transitional Constitution Article 6 1 Alternate Names Di dinga Lango Toi Xaroxa Dialects None known Ethnic groups Chukudum and Lowudo Slight differences in speech between Chukudum and Lowudo apparently mainly phonetic Lexical similarity 83 with Narim loh 71 with Murle mur Classification Nilo Saharan Eastern Sudanic Eastern Surmic South Southwest Didinga Murle Didinga Longarim Comments Different from Lango lno which is related to Otuho lot More Information Dinka din A macrolanguage Population total all languages 1 365 900 Comments Includes Northeastern Dinka dip Northwestern Dinka diw South Central Dinka dib Southeastern Dinka dks Southwestern Dinka dik More Information Dinka Northeastern dip Upper Nile state Renk Melut and Baliet counties Jungoli state Khor Fulus and Fangak counties 320 000 1986 UBS Status 4 Educational Recognized language 2011 Transitional Constitution Article 6 1 primary education literacy efforts Alternate Names Padang White Nile Dinka Dialects Abiliang Akoon Bawom Bowom Dinka Ibrahim Ageer Abuya Ageir Ager Beer Niel Nyel Paloc Paloic Dongjol Luac Luaic Ngok Sobat Jok Ngork Rut Thoi Lexical similarity 92 with Northwestern Dinka diw 88 with Southwestern Dinka dik and Southeastern Dinka dks 86 with South Central Dinka dib A member of macrolanguage Dinka din Classification Nilo Saharan Eastern Sudanic Nilotic Western Dinka Nuer Dinka More Information Dinka Northwestern diw Unity state Abyei area Abiemnhom and Pariang counties 80 000 1986 Status 6a Vigorous Dialects Alor Ngok Kordofan Pan Aru Ruweng Lexical similarity 88 with Southwestern Dinka dik and Southeastern Dinka dks 84 with South Central Dinka dib A member of macrolanguage Dinka din Classification Nilo Saharan Eastern Sudanic Nilotic Western Dinka Nuer Dinka More Information Dinka South Central dib Lakes state 250 000 Status 4 Educational Recognized language 2011 Transitional Constitution Article 6 1 Alternate Names Agar Central Dinka Dialects Agar Aliap Aker Aliab Thany Ciec Ador Ajak Chiech Cic Ciem Kwac Gok Cok Gauk Gok dialect is influenced by Southwestern Dinka dik Lexical similarity 90 with Southeastern Dinka dks A member of macrolanguage Dinka din Classification Nilo Saharan Eastern Sudanic Nilotic Western Dinka Nuer Dinka More Information Dinka Southeastern dks Jungoli state Bor South and Twic East counties 250 000 in South Sudan Population total all countries 265 900 Status 4 Educational Recognized language 2011 Transitional Constitution Article 6 1 primary education literacy efforts Alternate Names Bor Cam Dinka Bor Eastern Dinka Dialects Athoc Athoic Atoc Bor Athoic Borathoi Bor Bor Gok Ghol Nyarweng Narreweng Nyarueng Tuic Twi A member of macrolanguage Dinka din Classification Nilo Saharan Eastern Sudanic Nilotic Western Dinka Nuer Dinka More Information Dinka Southwestern dik North Bahr el Ghazal Warap and Western Bahr el Ghazal states Jur River county 450 000 1982 UBS Status 4 Educational Recognized language 2011 Transitional Constitution Article 6 1 primary education literacy efforts Alternate Names Rek Western Dinka Dialects Abiem Ajong Dit Ajong Thi Akany Kok Akern Jok Anei Apuoth Apwoth Aguok Agwok Apuk Awan Lau Luac Malual Atoktou Duliit Korok Makem Malwal Peth Paliet Ajak Baliet Bon Shwai Buoncwai Bwoncwai Kondair Kongder Tainbour Thany Bur Palioupiny Akjuet Akwang Ayat Cimel Gomjuer Palioping Rek Raik Tuic Adhiang Amiol Nyang Thon Twic Twich Twij Luac dialect is different from Luac dialect in Northeastern Dinka dip Lexical similarity 89 with South Central Dinka dib 90 with Southeastern Dinka dks A member of macrolanguage Dinka din Classification Nilo Saharan Eastern Sudanic Nilotic Western Dinka Nuer Dinka More Information Dongotono ddd East Equatoria state Ikotos county Ikotos payam Lomohidang payam Isoke and Chakari villages 5 000 2013 SIL Status 6b Threatened Dialects May be a separate language or dialect of Lango lno Lexical similarity 60 with Otuho lot Classification Nilo Saharan Eastern Sudanic Nilotic Eastern Lotuxo Teso Lotuxo Maa Lotuxo More Information English eng Almost no L1 speakers Status 1 National Statutory national working language 2011 Transitional Constitution Article 6 2 Classification Indo European Germanic West English More Information Feroge fer West Bahr el Ghazal state Kapalala east of Raga 8 000 1982 Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Feroghe Ferroge Kalige Kaligi Kalike Kaliki Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo North Adamawa Ubangi Ubangi Sere Ngbaka Mba Sere Feroge Mangaya Comments Ethnic autonym Kaligi Ethnonym Feroge in Arabic More Information Fulfulde Adamawa fub West Bahr el Ghazal state Status 6a Vigorous Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Atlantic Northern Senegambian Fula Wolof Fula Eastern Comments Migrating groups of Ambororo cattle herders More Information Gbaya krs West Bahr el Ghazal state Raga and north through Katta Kosho and Boro to Kafia Kingi 16 000 in South Sudan 2013 SIL L2 users 4 000 in South Sudan Status 5 Developing Recognized language 2011 Transitional Constitution Article 6 1 Alternate Names Kpala Kpara Kparla Kredj Kreich Kreish Kresh Dialects Dongo Gbaya Dara Gbaya Gboko Gbaya Ndogo Kresh Ndogo Gbaya Ngbongbo Kresh Hofra Naka Kresh Boro Orlo Woro 8 tribes and dialects Gbaya Ndogo is prestigious and understood by all Naka is largest and also well understood Classification Nilo Saharan Central Sudanic West Kresh Comments Different from Gbaya languages in the Niger Congo family More Information Homa hom West Equatoria state around Mopoi and Tambura towns No known L1 speakers No remaining speakers as of 1975 Status 10 Extinct Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central D Bira Nyali D 304 More Information Indri idr West Bahr el Ghazal state Abu Zala north of Raga 700 Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Yanderika Yandirika Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo North Adamawa Ubangi Ubangi Sere Ngbaka Mba Sere Indri Togoyo More Information Jumjum jum Upper Nile state northeast Mabaan county Sudan border area Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Berin Olga Wadega Classification Nilo Saharan Eastern Sudanic Nilotic Western Luo Northern Mabaan Burun Mabaan Comments Autoethnonym is Wadkai More Information Jur Modo bex West Equatoria state Mvolo county 100 000 2004 SIL Status 4 Educational Alternate Names Jur Modo Dialects Lori Modo Jur Modo Modo Lali Wetu Wira Classification Nilo Saharan Central Sudanic West Bongo Bagirmi Bongo Baka Morokodo Beli More Information Kacipo Balesi koe Jungoli state Pibor county Boma plateau near Ethiopia border Rumeat Upper Boma and Mewun villages 5 000 in South Sudan 2010 SIL Population total all countries 9 120 Almost all monolingual Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Baale Dialects None known Lexical similarity 40 54 with Murle mur 35 with Mursi muz Classification Nilo Saharan Eastern Sudanic Eastern Surmic South Southwest Kacipo Balesi More Information Kakwa keo Central Equatoria state Yei county 40 000 in South Sudan 1978 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Bari Kakwa Kakua Kakwak Kwakwak Classification Nilo Saharan Eastern Sudanic Nilotic Eastern Bari More Information Keliko kbo Central Equatoria state Morobo county 10 000 in South Sudan 1998 SIL Population total all countries 22 500 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Kaliko Dialects Eastern Keliko Western Keliko Classification Nilo Saharan Central Sudanic East Moru Madi Central More Information Komo xom Upper Nile state Longochuk and Maiwut counties on Ethiopia border Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Aru Koma Classification Nilo Saharan Komuz Koman More Information Lango lno East Equatoria state Ikotos county Lorwama dialect Losite payam Lofos and Lotome Logir dialect Ikotos and Lomohidong payams Kidepo and Ludwera Logire Imatong dialect Ikotos payam between Ikotos and Chukudum Lokwaa dialect Kikire and Ikotos Ketebo dialect Losite payam Bira 38 000 2007 SIL Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Langgo Dialects Ketebo Logir Logire Imotong Lokwaa Madial Lorwama Okolie Classification Nilo Saharan Eastern Sudanic Nilotic Eastern Lotuxo Teso Lotuxo Maa Lotuxo Comments It is uncertain whether or not the dialects are separate languages Dongotono ddd may be a dialect of this language or a separate language More Information Lokoya lky East Equatoria state Longairo and Okaru Central Equatorial state Juba county Ngangala and Liria 12 400 0 monolinguals Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Ellyria Koyo Loirya Lokoiya Lokoja Loquia Lowoi Oirya Owoi Oxoriok Dialects None known Lexical similarity 64 with Otuho lot 57 with Lopit lpx 56 with Dongotono ddd Classification Nilo Saharan Eastern Sudanic Nilotic Eastern Lotuxo Teso Lotuxo Maa Lotuxo Comments Ethnic groups Irya and Owe More Information Lopit lpx East Equatoria state Lafon county north end of Lopit Hills 50 000 1995 S Randal Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Lafiit Lafit Lafite Lofit Lopid Loppit Dialects Iboni Logonowati Lolongo Mura Lexical similarity 63 with Otuho lot Classification Nilo Saharan Eastern Sudanic Nilotic Eastern Lotuxo Teso Lotuxo Maa Lotuxo More Information Luwo lwo West Bahr el Ghazal state Jur river and Wau counties 80 000 1983 census Status 5 Developing Recognized language 2011 Transitional Constitution Article 6 1 primary education literacy efforts Alternate Names Dhe Luwo Dhe Lwo Giur Jo Lwo Jur Luo Jur Luwo Jur Lwo Lwo Dialects None known Different from Lango Lwo laj of Uganda or Dholuo luo of Kenya and Luo luo of Tanzania but related Classification Nilo Saharan Eastern Sudanic Nilotic Western Luo Northern Jur More Information Mabaan mfz Upper Nile state Mabaan county 50 000 1987 SIL Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Barga Gura Maaban Meban Southern Burun Tonko Tungan Ulu Dialects Partially intelligible with some southern dialects of Burun bdi Classification Nilo Saharan Eastern Sudanic Nilotic Western Luo Northern Mabaan Burun Mabaan More Information Ma di mhi Central Equatoria state Magwi county 18 000 in South Sudan 1982 Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Ma adi Ma diti Dialects Burulo Lokai Pandikeri Classification Nilo Saharan Central Sudanic East Moru Madi Southern More Information Mandari mqu Central Equatoria state Terakeka county both sides of the Nile 70 000 2014 T Stirtz Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Chir Kir Mondari Mundari Shir Dialects Lexical similarity 71 with Bari bfa Bari dialects 75 with Nyanggwara 71 with Ngyepu 70 with Pöjulu 66 with Kuku 61 with Kakwa keo Classification Nilo Saharan Eastern Sudanic Nilotic Eastern Bari Comments A different language and culture from Bari bfa Ethnic groups Mondari Boronga Sere Bör L1 users prefer the name Mundari Mundari users from the Tali area have difficulty understanding those from other areas More Information Mangayat myj West Bahr el Ghazal state Zakka 30 km southeast of Raga on road to Sopo 400 1987 SIL 0 monolinguals Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Buga Mangaya Mongaiyat Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo North Adamawa Ubangi Ubangi Sere Ngbaka Mba Sere Feroge Mangaya Comments Ethnic autonym Bug More Information Mittu mwu No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Classification Nilo Saharan Central Sudanic West Bongo Bagirmi Bongo Baka Morokodo Beli More Information Mo da gbn Lakes state Wulu county Wako and Dokoo on West Equatoria state border a few scattered among Jur Modo bex and Beli blm language areas 600 Voegelin and Voegelin 1977 Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Gbara Gberi Gweri Muda Dialects None known Lexical similarity 64 with Morokodo mgc 58 with Jur Modo bex 41 with Beli blm 49 with Bongo bot 38 with Baka bdh Classification Nilo Saharan Central Sudanic West Bongo Bagirmi Bongo Baka Morokodo Beli Morokodo Mo da More Information Morokodo mgc West Equatoria state north Mundri West and Maridi counties south Mvolo county 50 000 2011 A Persson 280 Biti 2011 A Persson Status 6a Vigorous Recognized language 2011 Transitional Constitution Article 6 1 primary education literacy efforts Alternate Names Ma di Dialects Biti Ma du Morokodo Lexical similarity 63 with Jur Modo bex 41 with Beli blm 45 with Bongo bot 43 with Baka bdh Classification Nilo Saharan Central Sudanic West Bongo Bagirmi Bongo Baka Morokodo Beli Morokodo Mo da Comments The Ma du dialect may be extinct 1984 More Information Moru mgd West Equatoria state Mundri East and Mundri West counties 70 000 1982 SIL 1 200 Agi 2 500 Andri 5 000 Kadiro 9 000 Miza 400 Wa di Status 4 Educational Recognized language 2011 Transitional Constitution Article 6 1 Alternate Names Kala Moru Dialects Agi Andri Bali ba Kadiro Lakama di Miza Wa di Andri and Bali ba dialects are similar Kadiro and Lakama di are nearly identical Classification Nilo Saharan Central Sudanic East Moru Madi Northern Comments Miza dialect is the written standard More Information Mündü muh West Equatoria state Maridi county south and southeast of Maridi Central Equatoria state northwest Yei county 23 000 in South Sudan Population total all countries 25 800 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Mondo Mondu Mountou Mundo Dialects None known Lexical similarity close with Mayogo mdm and Bangba bbe of Democratic Republic of the Congo Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo North Adamawa Ubangi Ubangi Sere Ngbaka Mba Ngbaka Mba Ngbaka Eastern Mundu More Information Murle mur Upper Nile state Pibor county 60 000 1982 SIL Population total all countries 60 001 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Adkibba Agiba Ajibba Beir Merule Mourle Murelei Murule Dialects Ethnic subgroups Lotilla Boma and Olam Ngalam Maacir may be a dialect or ethnic group Lexical similarity 74 with Narim loh 71 with Didinga did Classification Nilo Saharan Eastern Sudanic Eastern Surmic South Southwest Didinga Murle Murle Comments Taught in churches most church pastors literate in Murle More Information Narim loh East Equatoria state north Budi county Chawa Kerenge Tataman Thuguro Kali Lobeli Kaduchak Longatuk Lokwakipi and Loriok villages 3 620 Fukui 1984 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Lariim Larim Lariminit Larimo Longarim Nariim Dialects None known Lexical similarity 74 with Murle mur 83 with Didinga did Classification Nilo Saharan Eastern Sudanic Eastern Surmic South Southwest Didinga Murle Didinga Longarim Comments Larim is the form preferred by L1 speakers Longarim is the Didinga name More Information Ndogo ndz West Bahr el Ghazal state Wau county about 10 villages on Wau Deim Zubeir road between Mboro and Kpango rivers Western Equatoria state north of Tembura among Zande zne language speakers 20 000 2011 SIL Few monolinguals Status 5 Developing Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo North Adamawa Ubangi Ubangi Sere Ngbaka Mba Sere Sere Bviri Ndogo Sere Comments Gbaya Ndogo krs is a different language More Information Njalgulgule njl West Bahr el Ghazal state northwest of Raga Gossinga and Boro villages 900 Voegelin and Voegelin 1977 Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Bege Begi Beko Ngulgule Njangulgule Nyolge Nyoolne Classification Nilo Saharan Eastern Sudanic Western Daju Western Daju Comments May be the same as Baygo byg More Information Nuer nus Jungoli Unity Upper Nile states 740 000 in South Sudan 1982 2 940 Western Jikany 12 500 Lou 1 100 Nyuong 2 500 Thiang 5 900 Bul 2 400 Jagai 6 700 Laak 4 900 Leik 1 600 Door 17 600 Eastern Jikany Voegelin and Voegelin 1977 Population total all countries 891 000 Status 4 Educational Alternate Names Naadh Naath Dialects Abigar Cien Dor Door Eastern Jikany Jekaing Jikain Lou Lau Nyuong Thiang Bul Gawaar Jagai Laak Leik Thognaath Thok Nath Western Jikany Classification Nilo Saharan Eastern Sudanic Nilotic Western Dinka Nuer Nuer More Information Nyamusa Molo nwm West Equatoria state southeast Mvolo county Lesi area 1 630 2011 R Abraham Status 6a Vigorous Dialects Molo Nyamusa Lexical similarity 84 with Nyamusa

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  • South Sudan - Status | Ethnologue
    Voegelin 1977 Population total all countries 891 000 5 Developing Acholi ach 5 Developing 27 000 in South Sudan 2000 SIL Anuak anu 5 Developing 52 000 in South Sudan 1991 UBS Population total all countries 140 000 Avokaya avu 5 Developing 40 000 in South Sudan 2002 SIL Population total all countries 65 000 Baka bdh 5 Developing Recognized language 2011 Transitional Constitution Article 6 1 primary education literacy efforts 25 000 in South Sudan 1993 UBS Population total all countries 26 300 Belanda Bor bxb 5 Developing 8 000 1983 Belanda Viri bvi 5 Developing 16 000 Welmers 1971 Beli blm 5 Developing Recognized language 2011 Transitional Constitution Article 6 1 primary education literacy efforts 65 000 2009 SIL Didinga did 5 Developing Recognized language 2011 Transitional Constitution Article 6 1 60 000 2007 SIL Gbaya krs 5 Developing Recognized language 2011 Transitional Constitution Article 6 1 16 000 in South Sudan 2013 SIL L2 users 4 000 in South Sudan Kakwa keo 5 Developing 40 000 in South Sudan 1978 Keliko kbo 5 Developing 10 000 in South Sudan 1998 SIL Population total all countries 22 500 Luwo lwo 5 Developing Recognized language 2011 Transitional Constitution Article 6 1 primary education literacy efforts 80 000 1983 census Mabaan mfz 5 Developing 50 000 1987 SIL Mandari mqu 5 Developing 70 000 2014 T Stirtz Mündü muh 5 Developing 23 000 in South Sudan Population total all countries 25 800 Murle mur 5 Developing 60 000 1982 SIL Population total all countries 60 001 Narim loh 5 Developing 3 620 Fukui 1984 Ndogo ndz 5 Developing 20 000 2011 SIL Few monolinguals Otuho lot 5 Developing 135 000 Voegelin and Voegelin 1977 2 500 Koriot 1 000 Lomya Päri lkr 5 Developing 28 000 1987 SIL Shilluk shk 5 Developing 175 000 1982 SIL Tennet tex 5 Developing 10 000 2009 SIL Toposa toq 5 Developing 100 000 2000 M Schroeder Most are monolingual Uduk udu 5 Developing 22 000 in Sudan and South Sudan split between the 2 not known 6a Vigorous Banda Togbo Vara tor 6a Vigorous 5 000 speakers in South Sudan of all Banda languages 2014 SIL Bongo bot 6a Vigorous 10 100 2000 Dinka Northwestern diw 6a Vigorous 80 000 1986 Fulfulde Adamawa fub 6a Vigorous Jumjum jum 6a Vigorous Kacipo Balesi koe 6a Vigorous 5 000 in South Sudan 2010 SIL Population total all countries 9 120 Almost all monolingual Komo xom 6a Vigorous Lango lno 6a Vigorous 38 000 2007 SIL Lopit lpx 6a Vigorous 50 000 1995 S Randal Ma di mhi 6a Vigorous 18 000 in South Sudan 1982 Morokodo mgc 6a Vigorous Recognized language 2011 Transitional Constitution Article 6 1 primary education literacy efforts 50 000 2011 A Persson 280 Biti 2011 A Persson Nyamusa Molo nwm 6a Vigorous 1 630 2011 R Abraham Olu bo lul 6a Vigorous 15 000 1985 SIL Opuuo lgn 6a Vigorous Reel atu 6a Vigorous 50 000 1998 The Kuek and Jikeyi

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  • Sudan - Languages | Ethnologue
    al Azraq state west Kurmuk district on South Sudan border Wadega Jebels Tunga and Terta areas 25 000 in Sudan 1987 Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Berin Olga Wadega Classification Nilo Saharan Eastern Sudanic Nilotic Western Luo Northern Mabaan Burun Mabaan Comments Ethnic autonym Wadkai More Information Kadaru kdu Janub Kurdufan state Jibaal as Sitta hills between Dilling and Delami 25 000 2013 T Alaki and R Norton Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Kadaro Kadero Kaderu Kodhin Kodhinniai Kodoro Dialects Dabatna Kaaral Kadaru Kodur Kafir Ka e Kuldaji Kendal Kurtala Ngokra Kururu Tagle Dialects spoken by six clan groups living on six separate hills Western form used by the Berko people at Habila southwest of Jebel Sitta neighboring the Ghulfan may be another dialect or a separate language Lexical similarity 93 with Dilling dil 92 87 with Debri dil 60 with Birked brk Classification Nilo Saharan Eastern Sudanic Eastern Nubian Central Hill Kadaru Ghulfan Comments Ethnic autonym Tamya More Information Kanga kcp Janub Kurdufan state Miri hills west and southwest of Kadugli Kufa village cluster southeast of Miri northeast of Lima and north of Kanga Kufa Lima dialect Kufa Toole center Lenyaguyox Bilenya Dologi and Lima Kilag and Mashaish villages 15 km west of Kadugli 8 000 1989 Status 6b Threatened Dialects Abu Sinun Chiroro Kursi Kanga Krongo Abdalla Kufa Lima Lexical similarity 85 with the Tumma dialect of Katcha Kadugli Miri xtc most similar Classification Nilo Saharan Kadugli Krongo More Information Kanuri Central knc Scattered in Gharb Darfur Gharb Kurdufan Janub Darfur and Janub Kurdufan states as well as other regions Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Beriberi pej Bornouans Bornu Kanouri Kanoury Kole Sirata Yerwa Kanuri Dialects Dagara Fadawa Guvja Kabari Kuvuri Kaga Kagama Kwayam Lare Maiduguri Mao Ngazar Njesko Sugurti Temageri Classification Nilo Saharan Saharan Western Kanuri Comments Known as Bornu in Sudan More Information Karko kko Janub Kurdufan state Karko hills 35 km west of Dilling includes Dulman 7 000 2004 A Farah Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Garko Karme Kithonirishe Dialects Karko Kasha Shifir Varieties spoken by the Ilaki on Abu Junuk to the west 1 000 and by the Tamang at El Tabaq southwest of Katla 800 may be dialects or separate languages Classification Nilo Saharan Eastern Sudanic Eastern Nubian Central Hill Unclassified Comments Ethnic autonym Kaak The Ama nyi call them Karme More Information Katcha Kadugli Miri xtc Janub Kurdufan state Katcha dialect Katcha Tuna Kafina Dabakaya Donga Belanya and Farouq villages south of Kadugli Kadugli dialect Kadugli Murta Kulba Daalimo Thappare and Takko villages Miri dialect Miri Bara Miri Guwa Umduiu Nyimodu Luba Kadoda Kya Tulluk Hayar al Nimr Kuduru Kasari and Sogolle villages west of Kadugli 75 000 2004 SIL 30 000 Katcha and Kadugli 2004 4 000 Miri Status 6b Threatened Dialects Damba Kadugli Dakalla Dhalla Kudugli Morta Talla Toma Ma Dalla Katcha Dholubi Tolubi Miri Tumma Stevenson 1984 treats them as dialects of one language Ruhlen 1987 and Schadeberg 1989 treat them as separate Samir Bulus says that Tumma is dialect of Katcha Lexical similarity 85 among Katcha Kadugli and Miri dialects 88 between Kadugli and Damba Classification Nilo Saharan Kadugli Krongo More Information Katla kcr Janub Kurdufan state Katla hills southwest of Dilling Katla dialect Bombori Kateik Kiddu Kirkpong Karoka and Koldrong Julud dialect Karkarya Karkando Kolbi Kambai Rumber Octiang Sabba Tolot Kary Kitanngo Kimndang Kabog Koto Kork Kabosh and Kabog North 25 000 2009 Population for Julud Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Akalak Kalak Dialects Julud Katla Julud speakers understand almost everything spoken in Katla and some Tima tms Classification Niger Congo Kordofanian Katla More Information Keiga kec Janub Kurdufan state Jebel Demik northwest of Kadugli Ambong area Ambong Ambongadi Kandang Kuluwaring Tingiragadi Lakkadi Taffor Arungekkaadi Bila Ndulang Roofik and Saadhing villages Lubung area Kuwaik Tungunungunu Miya Ntaarang Miya Ntaluwa Miya Ndumuru and Semalili villages Tumuro area Koolo Kayide Jughuba and Tumuro villages 6 070 Stevenson 1984 Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Aigang Demik Keiga Al Kheil Keiga Timero Yega Dialects Demik Rofik Keiga Aigang Lexical similarity 60 with closest Kadugli languages Classification Nilo Saharan Kadugli Krongo More Information Kelo xel An Nil al Azraq state Geissan district Jebel Tornasi Keeli village and Beni Sheko 200 Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Kelo Beni Sheko Ndu Faa Keelo Tornasi Dialects Beni Sheko Kelo Classification Nilo Saharan Eastern Sudanic Eastern Eastern Jebel Aka Kelo Molo More Information Ko fuj Janub Kurdufan state isolated hills between Talodi and the White Nile 2 680 Stevenson 1984 Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Fungor Fungur Kau Dialects Kau Ko Nyaro Nyaro and Kau may be the same dialect Lexical similarity 67 with Warnang wrn most similar Classification Niger Congo Kordofanian Heiban Eastern More Information Koalib kib Janub Kurdufan state Delami area Nguqwurang dialect Umm Berumbita and Turum Ngunduna dialect Koalib hills area Nginyukwur Nyukwur Umm Heitan and Hadra Ngirere Abri area villages scattered on the plain 44 300 Stevenson 1984 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Abri Kawalib Kowalib Lgalige Ngirere Nirere Rere Dialects Ngemere Nginyukwur Ngirere Ngunduna Nguqwurang Lexical similarity 75 with most similar Heiban languages Classification Niger Congo Kordofanian Heiban West Central Central Rere More Information Komo xom An Nil al Azraq state Kurmuk district Ahmar Tombak and Yabus rivers area 10 000 in Sudan 1979 W James Population total all countries 18 530 Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Central Koma Como Gokwom Hayahaya Koma of Daga Madiin Dialects Beilla Chali Dialects may be separate languages Lexical similarity 52 with Uduk udu Classification Nilo Saharan Komuz Koman Comments Called Aru in Uduk udu More Information Krongo kgo Janub Kurdufan state Krongo hills Tabanya Toroji and Angolo Damaguto Dimadragu Dimodongo Dar and Buram 21 700 Stevenson 1984 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Dimodongo Kadumodi Korongo Kurungu Tabanya Dialects Fama Teis Kua Lexical similarity 85 with Tumtum tbr Classification Nilo Saharan Kadugli Krongo More Information Lafofa laf Janub Kurdufan state central Eliri hills 5 140 Stevenson 1984 Status 6b Threatened Dialects Jebel El Amira El Amira Jebel Tekeim Jebel Tegem Tekeim Lafofa Classification Niger

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  • Sudan - Status | Ethnologue
    000 1982 SIL Uduk udu 5 Developing 22 000 in Sudan and South Sudan split between the two not known 6a Vigorous Dagik dec 6a Vigorous 11 700 including Ngile jle speakers Stevenson 1984 Daju Dar Fur daj 6a Vigorous 80 000 Bender 1983 Gaam tbi 6a Vigorous 67 200 2000 Ganza gza 6a Vigorous 2 600 in Sudan 2007 A Krell Population total all countries 3 000 Gumuz guk 6a Vigorous 40 000 in Sudan Jumjum jum 6a Vigorous 25 000 in Sudan 1987 Kanuri Central knc 6a Vigorous Komo xom 6a Vigorous 10 000 in Sudan 1979 W James Population total all countries 18 530 Masalit mls 6a Vigorous 350 000 in Sudan 2011 SIL Population total all countries 410 900 Midob mei 6a Vigorous 50 000 1993 R Werner Wali wll 6a Vigorous 9 000 2007 SIL Many monolinguals Zaghawa zag 6a Vigorous 180 000 in Sudan Osman 2006 Population total all countries 274 000 6b Threatened Afitti aft 6b Threatened 4 000 de Voogt 2009 Andaandi dgl 6b Threatened 70 000 2014 M Jaeger Berta wti 6b Threatened 180 000 in Sudan Osman 2006 Daju Dar Sila dau 6b Threatened 7 000 in Sudan 2009 T Alaki Domari rmt 6b Threatened Fulfulde Adamawa fub 6b Threatened 90 000 in Sudan 1982 SIL Gula kcm 6b Threatened 200 in Sudan 1987 SIL Kanga kcp 6b Threatened 8 000 1989 Katcha Kadugli Miri xtc 6b Threatened 75 000 2004 SIL 30 000 Katcha and Kadugli 2004 4 000 Miri Katla kcr 6b Threatened 25 000 2009 Population for Julud Ko fuj 6b Threatened 2 680 Stevenson 1984 Lafofa laf 6b Threatened 5 140 Stevenson 1984 Logorik liu 6b Threatened 2 000 Welmers 1971 Nding eli 6b Threatened 400 Welmers 1971 Ngile jle 6b Threatened 11 700 Stevenson 1984 Including Dagik dec speakers Nobiin fia 6b Threatened 295 000 in Sudan 1996 Population total all countries 605 000 Shatt shj 6b Threatened 30 000 2014 T Stirtz Shwai shw 6b Threatened 3 500 1989 Tagoi tag 6b Threatened 13 000 1982 SIL Tama tma 6b Threatened 5 000 in Sudan 1970 Population known for Mileere only Temein teq 6b Threatened 13 000 2006 6 000 in home area villages 7 000 in other towns in Sudan Tese keg 6b Threatened 1 400 Welmers 1971 Tigré tig 6b Threatened Tocho taz 6b Threatened 2 650 2013 T Alaki and R Norton Home area population 2 000 Tulishi tey 6b Threatened 2 500 Dimmendaal and Voeltz 2007 Tumtum tbr 6b Threatened 7 300 6 000 in Karondi 1 300 in Tumtum Warnang wrn 6b Threatened 1 100 1956 census 7 Shifting Ghulfan ghl 7 Shifting 16 000 Stevenson 1984 decreasing 0 monolinguals Heiban hbn 7 Shifting 4 410 Stevenson 1984 Kadaru kdu 7 Shifting 25 000 2013 T Alaki and R Norton Karko kko 7 Shifting 7 000 2004 A Farah Keiga kec 7 Shifting 6 070 Stevenson 1984 Yulu yul 7 Shifting 3 000 in Sudan 1987 SIL Population is

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/SD/status (2016-02-13)
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  • Swaziland - Languages | Ethnologue
    Information Swati ssw 980 000 in Swaziland 2006 Population total all countries 2 324 200 Status 1 National Statutory national language 2005 Constitution Article 3 2 Alternate Names Isiswazi Ngwane Phuthi Siswati Swazi Tekela Tekeza Dialects Baca Hlubi Phuthi Sephuthi Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central S Nguni S 43 Comments Glossonym Siswati in Swati Swazi in Zulu zul Highly educated Christian traditional religion More Information Tsonga tso 19 000 in Swaziland Johnstone 1993 Status 5 Dispersed Alternate Names Changana Shitsonga Xichangana Xitsonga Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central S Tswa Rhonga S 53 More Information Zulu zul 76 000 in Swaziland Johnstone 1993 Status 5 Dispersed Alternate Names Isizulu Zunda Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central S Nguni S 42 More Information Language Status Profile Click to enlarge with explanation Amazon Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/SZ/languages (2016-02-13)
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  • Swaziland - Status | Ethnologue
    000 in Swaziland Johnstone 1993 Zulu zul 5 Dispersed 76 000 in Swaziland Johnstone 1993 Language Status Profile Click to enlarge with explanation Amazon Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/SZ/status (2016-02-13)
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  • Tanzania - Languages | Ethnologue
    Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central J Logooli Kuria E 43 Comments Christian Muslim traditional religion More Information Kutu kdc Morogoro region Morogoro rural and Kilosa districts Pwani region west of Dar es Salaam 45 000 1987 Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Khutu Kikutu Kixutu Dialects None known Lexical similarity 69 with Kami kcu 68 with Zaramo zaj 64 with Kwere cwe 61 with Doe doe Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central G Zigula Zaramo G 37 Comments Matrilineal Muslim traditional religion More Information Kw adza wka Manyara region Mbulu district No known L1 speakers C Ehret reportedly worked with the last speaker 1976 M Bender Confirmed by R Kiessling 1999 Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Ng omvia Ngomvya Qwadza Dialects None known Related to Iraqw irk Classification Afro Asiatic Cushitic South More Information Kwaya kya Mara region Musoma rural district Nyanja division and Musoma urban district 115 000 2005 SIL Ethnic population 115 000 70 000 Kwaya and 45 000 Ruri Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Kikwaya Dialects Ruri Ciruri Eciruri Eciruuri Kirori Kiruri Kishyola Luri Rori Lexical similarity 89 with Ruri dialect 83 with Jita jit 80 with Kara reg Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central J Haya Jita E 251 Comments Christian traditional religion More Information Kwere cwe Pwani region Bagamoyo district Morogoro region many among Zaramo zaj and Luguru ruf language users 98 000 1987 Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Kakwere Kikwere Kinghwele Kwele Ngh wele Ngwele Ng were Nhwele Nwele Tsinghwele Dialects None known Lexical similarity 74 with Doe doe 69 with Kami kcu 64 with Kutu kdc 61 with Zaramo zaj 62 with Zigula ziw 54 with Luguru ruf Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central G Zigula Zaramo G 32 Comments Kwere has influenced Zigula ziw linguistically and has been influenced by Zigula and Bondei bou Matrilineal Traditional religion Christian Muslim More Information Lambya lai Mbeya region Ileje district south Ulambya division on Malawi border 40 000 in Tanzania 1987 Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Ichilambya Icilambya Ici Rambia Iramba Lambia Lambwa Rambia Dialects North Lambya Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central M Nyiha Safwa M 201 More Information Langi lag Dodoma region Kondoa district urban groups in Dodoma Mwanza Dar es Salaam Arusha Tanga Morogoro Babati and Singida west of Maasai mas northeast of Sandawe sad language areas some in south Manyara region 410 000 2007 R Cox increasing Many ethnic Burunge Chemba Goima and elsewhere and some Alagwa Kolo Mnenya and elsewhere who are L1 Langi speakers 38 000 monolinguals Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Irangi Kelangi Kilaangi Kilangi Kirangi Rangi Dialects Busi Haubi Kolo Kondoa Mondo Limited comprehension of other languages Lexical similarity 74 with Mbugwe mgz 49 with Nyaturu rim and Sukuma suk 48 with Nyamwezi nym 47 with Kimbu kiv and Nilamba nim 40 with Sumbwa suw Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central F Nilamba Rangi F 33 Comments Influenced by Cushitic languages The Swahili pronounce Langi as Rangi Other language groups eg Burunge bds Alagwa wbj are being assimilated into Langi language and culture Muslim Christian Protestant Christian Roman Catholic More Information Logooli rag Mara region Serengeti district Kyambahi ward 300 in Tanzania 2005 SIL Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Maragoli Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central J Logooli Kuria E 41 More Information Luguru ruf Morogoro region Morogoro and Kilosa districts Pwani region Bagamoyo district Luguru mountains and Dar es Salaam central Zanzibar 692 000 Johnstone and Mandryk 2001 Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Cilugulu Guru Ikiruguru Kiluguru Kiruguru Lughuru Lugulu Ruguru Dialects None known Lexical similarity 54 with Kami kcu Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central G Zigula Zaramo G 35 Comments Matrilineal Muslim More Information Luo luo Mara region Tarime district Girango Nyancha Luo Imbo and Suba divisions 140 000 in Tanzania 2005 SIL Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Dholuo Doluo Kavirondo Kidjaluo Classification Nilo Saharan Eastern Sudanic Nilotic Western Luo Southern Luo Acholi Luo Comments Different from Lwo laj Lango of Uganda or Lwo luw Luo Jur Luwo of Sudan More Information Maasai mas Arusha Tanga Kilimanjaro and Manyara regions Kenya border east of Serengeti National Park Mara and Dodoma regions Baraguyu from Indian Ocean nearly to Malawi 455 000 in Tanzania 2006 Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Kimaasai Lumbwa Maa Masai Massai Dialects Arusha Arusa Arusha Chini Il Arusha Kuma Larusha L Arusha Rusa Rusha Kisonko Kisongo L Aitayiok Parakuyo Baraguyu Kwavi Salei Serenget Sikirari Classification Nilo Saharan Eastern Sudanic Nilotic Eastern Lotuxo Teso Lotuxo Maa Ongamo Maa Comments Patrilineal Some men marry women from other language groups The Baraguyu speak Maasai but consider themselves a separate ethnic group from the Maasai Traditional religion More Information Machame jmc Kilimanjaro Arusha and Manyara regions Chaga area 300 000 1992 UBS increasing Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Kimachame Kimashami Macame Machambe Madjame Mashami Dialects Bosho Hai Masdama Masama Ng uni Siha Shira Chaga dialect continuum member which include Rombo rof Mochi old and Vunjo vun Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central E Chaga E 621 Comments Christian Muslim traditional religion More Information Machinga mvw Lindi region Kilwa and Lindi districts along the coast above 10th parallel south near Mwera mjh and Ngindo nnq language areas 36 000 1987 Status 6a Vigorous Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central P Yao P 23 Comments Muslim More Information Magoma gmx Mbeya region Iringa region Makete district near Kitulo plateau 9 000 2003 SIL Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Kimagoma Dialects None known 2 very closely related varieties 1 in the lower villages and 1 in villages with a higher elevation Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central G Bena Kinga G 651 Comments Magoma is often considered part of Kinga zga but Magoma see themselves as separate They say that they cannot understand Kinga well and low similarity figures on wordlist comparison support this claim Children do not understand Kinga Christian traditional religion More Information Makhuwa Meetto mgh Mtwara region Masasi district some in Ruvuma region 385 000 in Tanzania 2006 Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Chimakua Emakhua Emakhuwa Imakua Kimakua Macua Makhua Makoa Makua Makuwa Maquoua Mato Dialects Medo Emeto Meto Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central P Makhuwa P 31 Comments Muslim Christian traditional religion More Information Makonde kde Mtwara region Mtwara urban Mtwara rural Tandahomba and Newala districts north into Lindi region 980 000 in Tanzania 2006 Population total all countries 1 340 000 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Chimakonde Chinimakonde Kimakonde Konde Matambe Matambwe Mekwengo Simakonde Dialects Matambwe Tambwe Maviha Chimaviha Cimabiha Kimawiha Mabiha Mawia Matambwe dialect may be more similar to Yao yao than Makonde and may even be a separate language or dialect of Mwera mwe Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central P Yao P 23 Comments Makonde are known for wood carving skills Many wood carvers will say they are Makonde even if they are not Muslim Christian More Information Malila mgq Mbeya region 40 km southwest of Mbeya town South of Safwa sbk north of Ndali ndh west of Nyakyusa nyy east of Nyiha nih language areas 65 000 2003 SIL Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Ishimalilia Kimalila Malilia Shimalilia Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central M Nyiha Safwa M 24 Comments Little intermarriage Christian More Information Mambwe Lungu mgr Rukwa region Sumbawanga rural Sumbawanga urban and far south Nkansi districts Matanga village south to Zambia border Lake Tanganyika west to Tunko village east 295 000 in Tanzania 2002 census 230 000 ethnic Fipa speak Fipa Mambwe Dialect Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Mambwe Rungu Dialects Fipa Mambwe Kifipa cha Kimambwe Lungu Cilungu Icilungu Icirungu Kilungu Kirungu Rungu Mambwe Cimambwe Ichimambwe Icimambwe Kimambwe Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central M Fipa Mambwe M 14 Comments Traditional religion Christian More Information Manda mgs Iringa region Ludewa district Ruvuma region Mbinga district east shore of Lake Nyasa 22 000 2002 Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Kimanda Kinyasa Manda Matumba Nyasa Dialects Matumba Matumba dialect is a distinct dialect but is completely intelligible with Manda Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central N Manda N 11 Comments The Matumba see themselves as a separate group related to the Manda while the Manda view them as a subgroup of the Manda Christian More Information Maraba ymk Mtwara and Lindi regions 10 000 in Tanzania 2003 Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Chimaraba Kimakwe Makwe Palma Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central G Swahili G 402 Comments Muslim More Information Matengo mgv Ruvuma region southwest east of Lake Malawi Possibly also in Malawi 150 000 1987 Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Chimatengo Kimatengo Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central N Manda N 13 More Information Matumbi mgw Pwani and Lindi regions north of Mwera mjh language area 72 000 1978 MARC Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Kimatumbi Kimatuumbi Matuumbi Dialects Kuchi Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central P Matuumbi P 13 Comments Muslim Christian traditional religion More Information Mbugu mhd Tanga region Lushoto district Usambara mountains 7 000 1997 Ethnic population 32 000 Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Kibwayo Kibwyo Kimaa Kimbugu Ma a Mbougou Wa Maathi Wama a Dialects Cha kawaida Cha ndani Classification Mixed language Bantu Cushitic Comments A mixed language Bantu inflectional prefix and concord system with Cushitic vocabulary Derivational morphemes are Bantu and Cushitic or non Bantu The Bantu influence is from Pare and Shambala More Information Mbugwe mgz Manyara region Babati district 24 000 1999 Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Buwe Kimbugwe Kiumbugwe Mbuwe Dialects None known Lexical similarity 52 with Langi lag Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central F Nilamba Rangi F 34 Comments Christian traditional religion More Information Mbunga mgy Morogoro and Iringa regions southeast of Hehe heh north of Pogolo poy language areas 29 000 1987 Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Bunga Kimbunga Dialects None known Lexical similarity 69 with Ndamba ndj 57 with Pogolo poy Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central P Matuumbi P 15 Comments There may be 2 varieties called Mbunga each classified somewhat differently More Information Mediak mwx Morogoro and Lindi regions 5 270 2000 Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Dorobo pej Ndorobo pej Classification Nilo Saharan Eastern Sudanic Nilotic Southern Kalenjin Nandi Markweta Nandi Comments A distinct language from others also called Dorobo Kisankasa kqh Mosiro mwy Aasax aas More Information Mochi old Kilimanjaro and Manyara regions Chaga area 597 000 2000 Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Chaga Chagga Kimochi Kimoshi Moshi Mosi Old Moshi Dialects Mbokomu Uru Chaga dialect continuum member which includes Rombo rof Machame jmc and Vunjo vun Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central E Chaga E 622 More Information Mosiro mwy Arusha and Manyara regions No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Dorobo pej Ndorobo pej Dialects None known Distinct from others called Dorobo Mediak mwx Kisankasa kqh and Aasax aas Classification Nilo Saharan Eastern Sudanic Nilotic Southern Kalenjin Nandi Markweta Nandi More Information Mpoto mpa Ruvuma region Mbinga district southwest Lake Nyasa northeast shore 80 000 Voegelin and Voegelin 1977 Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Chimpoto Cimpoto Kimpoto Kinyasa Nyasa Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central N Manda N 14 Comments Both Mpoto and Manda mgs have alternate names of Kinyasa Christian traditional religion More Information Mwera mjh Ruvuma region Mbinga district Mbamba bay Lake Nyasa shore 6 000 2004 Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Kimwera Kinyasa Nyanza Nyasa Dialects None known Reportedly similar to Mwera mwe in the Lindi Region but not the same Also reportedly similar to Nyanja N 30 languages Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central N Tumbuka N 201 More Information Mwera mwe Lindi region Nachingwea Ruangwa and Lindi urban and rural districts north of Makonde Mtwara region 469 000 Johnstone and Mandryk 2001 Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Chimwera Cimwela Cimwera Kimwera Mwela Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central P Yao P 22 Comments Muslim Christian More Information Ndali ndh Mbeya region Ileje district into Malawi between Lambya and Nyakyusa 150 000 in Tanzania 1987 increasing Population total all countries 220 000 Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Chindali Cindali Icindali Ici Ndali Kindali Ndari Dialects Sukwa Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central M Nyakyusa Ngonde M 301 Comments Christian traditional religion More Information Ndamba ndj Morogoro and Iringa regions northeast of Bena south of Hehe heh west of Pogolo poy southwest of Mbunga mgy language areas 55 000 1987 Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Kindamba Dialects None known Lexical similarity 69 with Mbunga mgy 56 with Pogolo poy Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central G Pogolo Ndamba G 52 More Information Ndendeule dne Ruvuma region inland east of Ngoni ngo language area south of 10th parallel Yao yao south and east Ngoni ngo west Bena bez north Nindi nxi south Ngindo nnq northeast beyond Selous Game Reserve 100 000 2000 D Ngonyani Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Kindendeule Kindendeuli Ndendeuli Dialects None known Reportedly most similar to Ngindo nnq Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central N Manda N 101 More Information Ndengereko ndg Pwani region east Songea district central coast south of Zaramo zaj north of Rufiji rui language areas Morogoro region 72 000 Ström 2013 Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Kindengereko Kingengereko Ndengeleko Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central P Matuumbi P 11 More Information Ndonde Hamba njd Lindi region Nachingwea district Kilimarondo division 10 000 2002 PBT Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Chindonde Chindonde Hamba Ishiwanda Kidonde Kimawanda Kindonde Hamba Mawanda Ndomde Ndonde Wanda Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central P Yao P 24 Comments Similar to Mwera mjh Extensive borrowing from Ngindo nnq Muslim Christian traditional religion More Information Ngasa nsg East Mt Kilimanjaro slopes 200 1983 decreasing Probably extinct 2012 SIL Ethnic population 4 290 2000 Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Kingasa Kingassa Ongamo Shaka Dialects Lexical similarity 60 with Maasai mas 59 with Samburu saq 58 with the Chamus dialect of Samburu Classification Nilo Saharan Eastern Sudanic Nilotic Eastern Lotuxo Teso Lotuxo Maa Ongamo Maa More Information Ngindo nnq Lindi region southwest of Rufiji rui west of Mwera mwe language areas Morogoro region 220 000 1987 Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Cingindo Gindo Kingindo Magingo Njindo Njinjo Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central P Matuumbi P 14 More Information Ngoni ngo Ruvuma region Songea area Morogoro and Iringa regions 170 000 in Tanzania 1987 Population total all countries 223 000 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Angoni Chingoni Kingoni Kisutu Sutu Dialects Different from Ngoni which is an alternate name for Zulu zul Ngoni dialect of Nsenga nse Ngoni dialect of Tumbuka tum Not related to Ngoni nya of Malawi Lexical similarity low percentage with Zulu zul Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central N Manda N 12 Comments Formerly spoke Zulu zul The Ngoni in Malawi do not speak Ngoni but all speak Chichewa nya as L1 More Information Ngoreme ngq Mara region Serengeti district Ngoreme and Ikorongo divisions 55 000 2005 SIL Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Dengurume Ikingurimi Kingereme Kingoreme Ngruimi Ngurimi Nguruimi Dialects None known Limited comprehension of other languages Lexical similarity 73 with Kuria kuj 76 with Zanaki zak 77 with Ikoma ntk 49 with Gusii guz Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central J Logooli Kuria E 401 Comments Christian Muslim traditional religion More Information Ngulu ngp Morogoro region Morogoro rural district Tanga region Handeni district northwest Pwani region 2 areas in Manyara region possibly Dodoma region 132 000 1987 Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Geja Kingulu Nguru Nguu Wayomba Dialects None known Lexical similarity 83 with Zigula ziw 73 with Bondei bou 68 with Shambala ksb Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central G Zigula Zaramo G 34 Comments Different from Ngulu ngl of Mozambique and Malawi Matrilineal Traditional religion Christian Muslim More Information Nilamba nim Singida region north of Nyaturu rim language areas also in Shinyanga and Tabora regions 455 000 2006 50 000 Iambi Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Ikinilamba Ikiniramba Ilamba Ilinilamba Iramba Kinilamba Kiniramba Nilyamba Niramba Nyilamba Nyiramba Dialects Iambi Nyambi Mbuga Ushoola Kinaushoola Lexical similarity 56 with Nyamwezi nym 55 with Sukuma suk 45 with Sumbwa suw Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central F Nilamba Rangi F 31 More Information Nindi nxi Ruvuma region East Songea district near Mozambique border south of Ndendeule dne language area 100 Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Kinindi Manundi Dialects None known Reportedly similar to Ndendeule dne Classification Niger Congo Atlantic Congo Volta Congo Benue Congo Bantoid Southern Narrow Bantu Central N Manda N 102 Comments Virtually unknown outside the district More Information Nyakyusa Ngonde nyy Mbeya region Lake Malawi north end Iringa

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