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  • Bermuda - Languages | Ethnologue
    explanation Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print Edition 17th Edition 16th Edition 15th Edition 14th Edition 13th Edition Related Sites SIL org ScriptSource ISO

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/BM/languages (2016-02-13)
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  • Bermuda - Status | Ethnologue
    Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print Edition 17th Edition 16th Edition 15th Edition 14th Edition 13th Edition Related Sites SIL org ScriptSource ISO 639 3 Contact SIL International Publications 7500 West Camp Wisdom

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  • Bolivia - Languages | Ethnologue
    Comments Nearly the same culture as Trinitario trn More Information Itene ite North central El Beni Department at junction of Mamoré and Iténez rivers 75 in Bolivia Crevels 2007 Population total all countries 87 Ethnic population 200 Crevels 2007 Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Iteneo Itenez More Dialects Itoreauhip Classification Chapacuran Itene More Information Itonama ito El Beni Department and Itonamas river Magdalena Chumano San Ramón Huaracajes Nueva Calama Versalles La Selva San Borja 5 Crevels 2007 Ethnic population 2 940 2006 PIB Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Machoto Saramo Dialects None known Ruhlen classifies it as Paezan Classification Language isolate More Information Jorá jor Santa Cruz Department No known L1 speakers Crevels 2007 5 speakers in 1955 Crevels 2007 Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Hora Classification Tupian Tupí Guaraní Guarayú Sirionó More Information Leco lec La Paz Department Lake Titicaca east Apolo area scattered on Mapiri Kaka river in Karura Candelaria Tutilimundi and Uyapi Coroico river in Trapichiponte in KeleKelera Pucasucho Inca Trinidad Mulihuara Chirimayo Muiri Ilipana Yuyo Munaypata Irimo Correo Santo Domingo 20 2001 S van de Kerke Ethnic population 2 800 2001 DNPI Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Leko Rik a Classification Language isolate Comments Some folklore dances and music preserved Previously reported extinct linguistically More Information Machinere mpd Pando Department Nicolás Suárez province Bolpebra municipality in San Miguel on the Acre river 140 in Bolivia 1994 Ethnic population 200 2001 DNPI Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Machineri Manchinere Manchineri Manitenére Manitenerí Maxinéri Classification Maipurean Southern Southern Outlier Piro Piro More Information Movima mzp Central El Beni Department Santa Ana area on Yacuma river Santa Ana del Yacuma Carnavales Miraflores San Lorenzo Carmen de Iruyañez 20 de Enero Buen Día 18 de Noviembre Bella Flor Ipimo Navidad 1 450 Adelaar 2004 Ethnic population 6 530 Adelaar 2004 Status 8a Moribund Dialects None known Reportedly Tucanoan Classification Language isolate More Information Pacahuara pcp El Beni Department Vaca Díez province near the Chácobo community of Alto Ivon 17 Adelaar 2004 Ethnic population 18 Adelaar 2004 Possibly 50 Pacahuara in 8 families scattered between Río Negro and Río Pacahuaras Federico Román Province Pando Department Crevels 2007 Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Pacawara Classification Panoan Bolivian Panoan Comments Integrated into the Chácobo cao More Information Paunaka pnk Chiquitanía region Santa Cruz Department Chiquitos province No known L1 speakers Status 9 Dormant Alternate Names Pauna Dialects None known Reportedly similar to Baure brg and Trinitario trn Classification Maipurean Southern Southern Outlier Mojo Comments The Paunaka are now culturally part of the Chiquitano but they still consider themselves as a separate group within the Chiquitano complex and the language is completely unrelated to Chiquitano More Information Pauserna psm Southeast El Beni Department on Guaporé river No known L1 speakers Ethnic population 46 Adelaar 2004 Status 9 Dormant Alternate Names Guarayu Ta Paucerne Pauserna Guarasugwé Classification Tupian Tupí Guaraní Guarayú More Information Plautdietsch pdt Santa Cruz Department 60 000 in Bolivia Salminen 2007 Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names German Mennonite German Classification Indo

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  • Bolivia - Status | Ethnologue
    Vigorous 1 700 in Bolivia 2006 PIB Bolivian Sign Language bvl 6a Vigorous 350 400 1988 E Powlison Guaraní Western Bolivian gnw 6a Vigorous 7 000 2002 J Russell Guarayu gyr 6a Vigorous 5 930 Adelaar 2004 Ethnic population 9 860 2006 PIB 6b Threatened Araona aro 6b Threatened 110 2006 PIB Aymara Central ayr 6b Threatened 2 098 000 in Bolivia 2006 PIB Population total all countries 2 589 000 Cavineña cav 6b Threatened 1 680 2006 PIB Ethnic population 2 950 2001 DNPI Plautdietsch pdt 6b Threatened 60 000 in Bolivia Salminen 2007 Sirionó srq 6b Threatened 400 Adelaar 2004 increasing 30 monolinguals Ethnic population 420 Adelaar 2004 More than half the ethnic group is under 15 years old Crevels 2007 Tapieté tpj 6b Threatened 70 in Bolivia Adelaar 2004 Most elders and women are monolingual in Tapiete Ethnic population 80 Crevels 2007 Yaminahua yaa 6b Threatened Recognized language 1993 Constitution Article 48 200 in Bolivia 2011 E Wyss Yuracare yuz 6b Threatened 2 680 Adelaar 2004 Ethnic population 3 300 Adelaar 2004 7 Shifting Chiquitano cax 7 Shifting 5 860 in Bolivia Adelaar 2004 Ethnic population 47 100 Adelaar 2004 Tacana tna 7 Shifting 1 820 Adelaar 2004 Ethnic population 5 060 Adelaar 2004 Trinitario trn 7 Shifting 5 500 2000 SIL Ethnic population 20 800 2000 W Adelaar 20 800 includes the Ignaciano ign Yuqui yuq 7 Shifting 120 Adelaar 2004 Ethnic population 140 Adelaar 2004 8a Moribund Baure brg 8a Moribund 40 Crevels 2007 decreasing Ethnic population 980 2006 PIB Itene ite 8a Moribund 75 in Bolivia Crevels 2007 Population total all countries 87 Ethnic population 200 Crevels 2007 Leco lec 8a Moribund 20 2001 S van de Kerke Ethnic population 2 800 2001 DNPI Machinere mpd 8a Moribund 140 in Bolivia 1994 Ethnic population 200 2001 DNPI Movima mzp 8a Moribund 1 450 Adelaar 2004 Ethnic population 6 530 Adelaar 2004 Pacahuara pcp 8a Moribund 17 Adelaar 2004 Ethnic population 18 Adelaar 2004 Possibly 50 Pacahuara in 8 families scattered between Río Negro and Río Pacahuaras Federico Román Province Pando Department Crevels 2007 Reyesano rey 8a Moribund 250 Crevels 2007 Ethnic population 1 130 1994 census 8b Nearly extinct Borôro bor 8b Nearly extinct 2 in Bolivia 2004 S Anonby decreasing Cayubaba cyb 8b Nearly extinct 4 Crevels 2007 4 elderly speakers and a few semi speakers Crevels 2007 Ethnic population 650 2006 PIB Itonama ito 8b Nearly extinct 5 Crevels 2007 Ethnic population 2 940 2006 PIB Uru ure 8b Nearly extinct 2 Adelaar 2004 There are 3 groups of Uru origin Chipaya Iru Itu Murato Of these only Chipaya have conserved the language The 1994 census has surprisingly shown that 59 of the 142 Iru Itu contended to know the language which in reality is spoken by a few elders Crevels 2007 Ethnic population 590 Crevels 2007 450 Murato 140 Iru Itu 9 Dormant Callawalla caw 9 Dormant No known L1 speakers Canichana caz 9 Dormant No known L1 speakers Ethnic population

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  • Brazil - Languages | Ethnologue
    In 1959 the population was about 100 with few children high infant mortality low will to live By 1977 it was 237 Through modern medicine intermarrying with the Waiwai waw self confidence through literature in Hixkaryana Hixkaryana teachers running a school for children ages 5 to 14 and government help in setting up a Brazil nut industry they continue to grow More Information Hunsrik hrx Widespread with high concentrations in Rio Grande do Sul Santa Catarina and Paraná 3 000 000 in Brazil Ethnic population 5 000 000 Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Hunsriker Rio Grand Hunsriker Dialects Originally derived from Hunsrücker Westpfälzisch German speech variety influenced by Portuguese por Several dialects probably due to being language of intercommunication for many other Germanic language speakers such as Swabian swg Bavarian bar and others as well as immigrants from Switzerland and Austria Classification Indo European Germanic Comments Emigrated from Germany from 1824 more or less continuously until World War II More Information Hupdë jup Northwest Amazonas Rio Auari 1 000 in Brazil Crevels 2007 Population total all countries 1 240 Ethnic population 1 000 Crevels 2007 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Hup Hupda Hupdá Makú pej Jupdá Macú pej Jupde Macú de Tucano pej Makú Hupdá pej Ubdé Dialects Hupdë Nëhup Tuhup Ruhlen and others classify it as Puinave Macro Tucanoan Intelligible with Yahup yab Classification Puinavean Hupda Comments Subservient to the Tucano and other Tucanoan Indians Some nomadic between Brazil and Colombia More Information Iapama iap Pará and Amapá states border region No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Classification Unclassified More Information Iatê fun Pernambuco State Sertão Águas Belas municipality 2 villages some in Alagoas State 2 930 1999 ISA Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Carnijó Fornió Fulniô Furniô Yatê Dialects Fulniô Yatê Lexical similarity 98 between Fulniô and Yatê dialects Classification Language isolate More Information Ikpeng txi Mato Grosso Xingú park 310 Moore 2006 Ethnic population 340 2006 FUNASA Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Chicao Tonore Tunuli Txikân Txikão Dialects None known Reportedly similar to Pará Arara aap Classification Cariban South Amazonian Arara Comments First contact in 1964 More Information Ingarikó ake Northern Roraima State Terra Indígena Raposa or Serra do Sol near the Cotingo river 670 in Brazil Moore 2006 Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Acahuayo Acewaio Akawai Akawaio Akwaio Kapóng Patamona Classification Cariban North Amazonian Pemón Pemón proper Kapong More Information Irántxe irn Mato Grosso headwaters of the Rio Cravari tributary of the Rio Sangue which is a tributary of the Rio Juruena 40 2010 SIL Ethnic population 360 2006 ISA Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Iranche Iranshe Iranxe Dialects Irántxe Münkü Kenkü Menku Mynky Myy Classification Language isolate More Information Itene ite Western Rondônia State Guajará Mirim Poro Velho 12 in Brazil Crevels 2007 Ethnic population 30 2002 Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names More Classification Chapacuran Itene More Information Jabutí jbt Rondônia State Rio Branco Post 1 Van der Voort 2008 Ethnic population 190 2009 FUNASA Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Djeoromitxi Jabotí Jeoromitxi Yabutí Classification Jabutian More Information Jamamadí jaa Amazonas in Jaruara 7 villages in Lábrea municipality Banawá river area the rest scattered over a large area 800 Moore 2006 220 Banawa Yafi Kitiya mostly monolingual 160 ethnic Jarawara also mostly monolingual Crevels 2007 Status 4 Educational Alternate Names Canamanti Kanamanti Madi Yamamadí Dialects Bom Futuro Cuchudua Maima Jaruára Jarawara Yarawara Jurua Kitiya Banauá Banavá Banawá Banawa Yafi Jafí Mamoria Mamori Pauini Tukurina Other groups called Jamamadí are reportedly more similar to Kulina cul or Dení dny Tukurina dialect may be a separate language Classification Arauan Jamamadi Comments People want a school Christian traditional religion More Information Júma jua Amazonas Mucuim river Rio Açuã tributary Upper Jamary village 7 Moore 2006 5 speakers belong to one family all married to Uru Eu Wau Wau urz Crevels 2007 Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Arara Kagwahibm Kagwahiph Kagwahiv Kavahiva Kawahip Kawaib Yumá Dialects None known The Júma Amundava adw Kayabi kyz Tenharim pah and Karipuna kuq all call themselves Kagwahiva Kagwahibm Kagwahiv Kawahip Kavahiva Kawaib Kagwahiph These varieties along with Uru eu wau wau urz and Morerebi xmo are all reportedly linguistically similar Classification Tupian Tupí Guaraní Kawahib Parintintin More Information Jurúna jur North Mato Grosso State Xingu park near mouth of the Maritsauu Mitau river 2 villages possibly in Pará State 280 Moore 2006 1 speaker left in the Terra Indígena Paquiçamba in 1989 Ethnic population 360 2006 FUNASA 35 ethnic group members in the Tierra Indígena Paquiçamba Crevels 2007 Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Iuruna Jaruna Yudya Yurúna Classification Tupian Juruna More Information Kaapor urb Maranhão and Pará states Gurupi river 8 10 villages scattered over 7 250 square km 800 Moore 2006 Ethnic population 990 2006 FUNASA Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Caapor Ka apor Kaaporté Urubú pej Urubú Kaapor Classification Tupian Tupí Guaraní Wayampí Amanayé More Information Kaapor Sign Language uks Maranhão and Pará states 7 Kakumasu 1968 Deaf users are monolingual L2 users 500 Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Urubú Sign Language pej Classification Deaf sign language More Information Kabixí xbx Mato Grosso State No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Cabichí Cabishi Dialects None known Related to Maxakali mbl Classification Chapacuran Itene Comments The name is also used for Parecís pab and has become widely used to describe any hostile group More Information Kadiwéu kbc Mato Grosso do Sul around Serra da Bodoquena 3 villages 1 590 Moore 2006 Ethnic population 1 630 2006 FUNASA Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Caduvéo Ediu Adig Mbaya Guaikuru Classification Guaykuruan Guaykurú Comments Payagua enemy may be an exonym applied to this group More Information Kaimbé xai Bahia State No known L1 speakers Ethnic population 1 100 1986 SIL Status 9 Dormant Classification Unclassified More Information Kaingang kgp São Paulo State north of Paranapena river on 3 reservations Paraná State between Paranapena and Iguaçu rivers 9 reservations Santa Catarina State between Iguaçu and Uruguay rivers 8 reservations Rio Grande do Sul State south of the Uruguay river with the southeast dialect on 5 reservations east of Passo Fundo river and the southwest dialect on 7 reservations also east of Passo Fundo river and on the outskirts of important cities in Rio Grande do Sul Scattered locations 18 000 1989 SIL Ethnic population 25 900 Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Bugre Caingang Coroado Coroados Dialects Central Kaingang Paraná Kaingang Southeast Kaingang Southwest Kaingang Classification Jean Southern Kaingang Comments Alternate names now only used in old documents Glossonym Bugre also used for Xokleng xok and Mbyá Guaraní gun More Information Kaingáng São Paulo zkp São Paulo No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Classification Jean Southern Kaingang More Information Kaiwá kgk Mato Grosso do Sul from the Apa Dourados and Ivinhema rivers in the north to the Mbarakaju mountains and tributaries of Jejui river in the south 18 000 2003 ISA Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Caingua Caiua Caiwa Cayua Kaingwá Kaiova Kaiowá Kayova Dialects Kaiwá Tembekuá Teüi Some comprehension of Paraguayan Guaraní gug Lexical similarity 70 with Pai Tavytera pta of Paraguay Classification Tupian Tupí Guaraní Guaraní Guaraní More Information Kamakan vkm Bahia State No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Ezeshio Classification Kamakanan Kamakán More Information Kamayurá kay Mato Grosso Xingú park 400 2011 S Drude Ethnic population 520 2009 FUNASA Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Camaiura Kamaiurá Kamayirá Classification Tupian Comments One of the larger groups in the Xingú park More Information Kamba xba State of Mato Grosso do Sul near Corumbá No known L1 speakers Ethnic population 2 000 1986 SIL Status 9 Dormant Alternate Names Camba Dialects None known May have been a Tupí language Classification Unclassified More Information Kambiwá xbw Pernambuco State No known L1 speakers Ethnic population 1 580 1999 Status 9 Dormant Classification Unclassified More Information Kanamarí knm Amazonas upper regions of Jurua Jutai Itaquai rivers 1 330 Moore 2006 100 Tsohom Djapa speakers Crevels 2007 Ethnic population 2 750 2006 FUNASA Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Canamarí Djapá Kanamaré Dialects Tshom Djapa Txunhuã Dyapá Txunhuã Djapá Tsohon Djapa Classification Maipurean Southern Southern Outlier Piro More Information Kanoé kxo Rondônia State Guaporé river 5 Crevels 2007 Ethnic population 95 Crevels 2007 Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Amniapé Canoé Canoê Guarategaja Guaratégaya Guaratira Kapishanã Kapixana Kapixaná Koaratira Classification Language isolate Comments Distinct from Ava Canoeiros avv More Information Kapinawá xpn Pernambuco State No known L1 speakers Ethnic population 420 Crevels 2007 Status 9 Dormant Classification Unclassified More Information Karahawyana xkh Pará State near the Waiwai waw 40 1995 SIL Status 8b Nearly extinct Dialects None known Probably Cariban Classification Unclassified More Information Karajá kpj Tocantins Pará and Mato Grosso States Araguaia river Bananal Island perhaps some in Goias State 2 670 Moore 2006 Karajá 1 860 Javaé 800 Xambioá 10 D Moore Ethnic population 3 610 Crevels 2007 Karajá 2 500 Javaé 920 Xambioá 190 Crevels 2007 Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Caraiauna Chambioa Iraru Mahadu Ixbyowa Karaja do Norte Ynã Dialects Javaé Javahe Karajá Xambioá Men and women speak different dialects Classification Karajá More Information Karapanã cbc Amazonas São Gabriel and Pari Cachoeira 42 in Brazil Moore 2006 Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Carapana Carapanã Mextã Classification Tucanoan Eastern Tucanoan Carapano More Information Karipuna kuq Rondônia State banks of Jaru Jamery Urupa Cabecciras Candeias and Jaciparana rivers 10 Crevels 2007 Ethnic population 21 2001 Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Ah e Caripuna Jau Navo Juanauo Kagwahiva Karipuná de Rondônia Karipuná do Guaporé Dialects Jacaria Pama Pamana The Karipuna Amundava adw Kayabi kyz Júma jua and Tenharim pah all call themselves Kagwahiva Kagwahibm Kagwahiv Kawahip Kavahiva Kawaib Kagwahiph These varieties along with Uru eu wau wau urz and Morerebi xmo are reportedly all linguistically very similar Classification Tupian Tupí Guaraní Kawahib Parintintin Comments Loukotka identified this as Panoan knt More Information Karipúna kgm Amapá State on French Guiana border No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Karipúna do Amapá Karipúna do Uaçá Classification Tupian Tupí Guaraní Kawahib More Information Karipuna Creole French kmv Amapá State on French Guiana border 2 400 2008 SIL Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Crioulo Dialects None known Conflicting reports about difference from Guianese Creole French gcr Different from Haitian hat Classification Creole French based Comments Formerly spoke Karipuna kgm possibly from Marajó Island at the mouth of the Amazon Also spoken by Galibi do Wasa ethnic group 2006 FUNASA where language use is much stronger Traditional religion Christian More Information Karirí Xocó kzw Alagoas State No known L1 speakers Ethnic population 3 570 Crevels 2007 Status 9 Dormant Alternate Names Cariri Karirí Kariri Xucó Kipeá Xocó Xokó Xokó Karirí Xukurú Xukuru Kariri Dialects Kamurú Camuru Kipeá Quipea Sabujá Pedra Branca Other dialects or languages are even less well attested Classified as Equatorial Macro Carib Swadesh Macro Ge 1975 A Rodrigues Isolate Larsen 1984 Classification Language isolate Comments Xokó Karirí Xokó Xukuru Kariri are all descendants of indigenous groups that used to inhabit northeast Brazil It is not clear whether they spoke 3 different languages or just one Crevels 2007 More Information Karitiâna ktn Rondônia State Candeias river tributary of the upper Madeira river 210 Moore 2006 Ethnic population 320 2005 ISA Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Caritiana Classification Tupian Arikem More Information Karo arr Mato Grosso and Rondônia states southern part of Terra Indígena Igarapé de Lourdes Iterap and Paygap villages 210 2006 Associação de Defensa Etnoambiental Spoken by almost everyone in the two villages Crevels 2007 Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Arára Arára de Rondonia Arára do Jiparaná Arara Karo Itanga Itogapuc Itogapúk Ntogapid Ntogapig Ramarama Uruku Urukú Dialects Arara Uruku Classification Tupian Ramarama Comments Different from Arára do Pará aap in Carib family More Information Katawixi xat Amazonas Jacareúba river Canutama municipality 10 Moore 2006 Ethnic population 250 Moore 2006 Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Catauichi Catauixi Catawishi Catawixi Jacareúba Classification Katukinan Comments Isolated group Last report of contact was in 1997 Continuing existence in doubt More Information Katukína kav Acre No known L1 speakers Ethnic population 590 2008 FUNASA Status 9 Dormant Alternate Names Catuquina Katukina do Jutaí Katukina do Rio Biá Pidá Djapá Dialects Cutiadapa Kutia Dyapa Classification Katukinan Comments Different from Panoan Katukína knt in Amazonas and Acre More Information Katukína Panoan knt Amazonas Acre 700 2010 S Kennell Ethnic population 700 S Kennell Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Catuquina Kamanawa Kamannaua Katukina do Juruá Waninnawa Dialects Ararapina Arara Shawanawa Shawanawa Arara Ararawa Sanainawa Saninawacana Possibly intelligible with Marúbo mzr Classification Panoan Mainline Shipibo Comments Different from other Katukína kav Katukinan family in Acre More Information Kaxararí ktx Acre Rondônia and Amazonas states Alto Rio Marmelo tributary of Rio Abuna 270 2001 ISA Ethnic population 320 2009 FUNASA Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Kaxariri Classification Panoan More Information Kaxuiâna kbb Northwest Pará Imabu River near perimetral norte on Trombetes River near junction with Mapuwera Most with the Trió tri a few among Hixkaryána hix No known L1 speakers Ethnic population 69 1998 ISA Status 9 Dormant Alternate Names Kachuana Kashujana Kashuyana Kaxúyana Warikiana Warikyana Dialects Pawiyana Pawixi Classification Cariban Central Wayana More Information Kayabí kyz North Mato Grosso Xingú Park and south Pará Teles Pires River and Tatui 1 000 Moore 2006 Ethnic population 1 620 2006 FUNASA Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Caiabi Kajabí Maquiri Parua Classification Tupian Tupí Guaraní Kayabí More Information Kayapó txu Pará and Mato Grosso states Xingú Park both sides of the Xingú River west up to the Iriri and tributaries and west bank to the Fresco and Zinho rivers 14 villages 7 100 Moore 2006 19 communities in regular contact with outsiders also 3 4 isolated Kayapó groups of 30 100 people Crevels 2007 3 950 monolinguals Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Cayapo Kokraimoro Dialects Kararaó Kayapó Kradaú Xikrin Diore Xukru Dialects only slightly different from village names Classification Jean Northern Comments Village names sometimes listed as dialects are Txukuhamai Txucarramãe Gorotire Kube Kran Kenh Cabeca Pelada Kokraimoro Menkragnotire Mentuktire Kuben Kragnotire Gente Preta Kubenkrangnoti Kubenkrankegn Menkrangnoti Pacajá and others Traditional religion Christian More Information Kepkiriwát kpn Rondônia State No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Classification Tupian Tuparí More Information Koropó xxr Espírito Santo and Minas Gerais states No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Dialects None known Closely related to Puri prr Classification Purian More Information Korubo xor Amazonas Javari River Basin Terra Indígena Vale do Javari near the Ituí Itaquai and Quixiti rivers 26 2007 FPEVJ Ethnic population 250 2000 ISA Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Caceteiros Classification Unclassified Comments FUNAI expedition first contacted part of the Korubo group in 1996 This group of 22 split off from the original group which resists any further contact and continues to hide itself Crevels 2007 More Information Krahô xra Tocantins and Maranhão states 5 villages 1 900 Moore 2006 Ethnic population 2 180 2006 FUNASA Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Craho Craô Kraô Dialects None known Different from Canela ram but may be able to use literature adapted from Canela Lexical similarity high with Apinaye apn Classification Jean Northern Timbira Comments Do not accept the name Canela More Information Krenak kqq Minas Gerais State east bank of Doce River between Resplendor and Conselheiro Pena towns small enclave São Paulo State 10 Moore 2006 Ethnic population 150 Moore 2006 Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Botocudo Classification Botocudoan Comments Christian Roman Catholic traditional religion More Information Kreye xre Maranhão and Pará states No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Crange Crenge Crenye Creye Krem Ye Tage Taze Classification Jean Northern Timbira More Information Krikati Timbira xri Maranhão State municipality of Amarante Governador village 680 2005 FUNASA Ethnic population 680 2005 FUNASA Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Krikati Gaviao Krinkati Gaviao Krinkati Timbira Dialects Krinkati Karakati Timbira Krikati and Timbira are separate ethnic groups speaking related dialects Classification Jean Northern Timbira More Information Kuikúro Kalapálo kui Mato Grosso Xingú Park 3 villages along Culuene River 1 010 2006 FUNASA 510 Kuikúro and 500 Kalapálo Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Apalakiri Apalaquiri Cuicutl Guicurú Kalapalo Kuikuru Kurkuro Dialects Kuikúro Matipú Mogareb Nahukwá Kuikúro and Kalapálo speak the same language but are separate ethnically Classification Cariban South Amazonian Bakairí Amonap More Information Kulina cul Amazonas and Acre states on Juruá and Purus rivers 3 500 in Brazil 2006 ISA Population total all countries 3 900 Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Corina Culina Kulína Kulyna Madihá Madija Dialects Minor changes from Peruvian dialect Classification Arauan Comments May still be some uncontacted groups in the Brazil Peru border area More Information Kulina Pano xpk Amazonas State Vale do Javari Indigenous Territory Curuca River Aldeia Pedro Lopes village Migrating to Tabatinga town near where Javari river meets the Amazon 32 2007 SIL Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Culina Pano Kulina do Acre Dialects None known Reportedly different from Kulina cul in the Arauan family Similar to Matis mpq and Matses mcf Classification Panoan More Information Kuruáya kyr Pará State Altamira Municipality on right bank of Curuá River Terra Indígena Curuá Cajueiro village Terra Indígena Xipaia Altamira town 3 Moore 2006 Ethnic population 130 2006 FUNASA 115 2002 in Cajueiro village Crevels 2007 Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Caravare Curuaia Kuruaia Classification Tupian Mundurukú Comments In Altamira Kuruaya and Xipaya xiy are sometimes considered a single ethnic group due to intermarriage This complicates a precise demographic 2007 census More Information Kwaza xwa Rondônia State west of Vilhena near Cuiabá Porto Velho highway same reserve as Aikanãs tba and Latundês ltn 7 2010 SIL Ethnic population 40 Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Coaia Koaiá Koaya Quaiá Classification Language isolate More Information Lakondê lkd Rondônia State Vilhena village 1 2007 Status 8b Nearly extinct Dialects None known Reportedly similar to Latundê ltn and Tawandê xtw Classification Nambiquaran Kithãulhú More Information Latundê ltn Rondônia Aikaná Latundê Indigenous Reserve 10 2010 S Anonby Ethnic population 20 2010 S Anonby Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Leitodu Dialects None known Reportedly similar to Lakondé lkd and Tawandê xtw Classification Nambiquaran Kithãulhú More Information Machinere mpd Acre Sena Madureira and Assis municipalities Terra Indígena Mamoadate 940 in Brazil 2004 CPI AC Population total all countries 1 080 Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Machineri Manchinere Manchineri Manitenére Manitenerí Maxinéri Dialects Distinct from Yine pib Piro in Peru The Manitenére dialect may be different from Machinere Classification Maipurean Southern Southern Outlier Piro Piro More Information Macuna myy Amazonas Rio Chié 170 in Brazil Moore 2006 Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Baigana Buhagana Jepa Matsi Makuna Paneroa Wuhána Yebamasã Yehpá Majsá Yepá Maxsã Yepá Mahsá Classification Tucanoan Eastern Tucanoan More Information Macushi mbc Contingo Quino Pium and Mau rivers northeast Roraima and Rio Branco 16 500 in Brazil Moore 2006 Population total all countries 18 030 Ethnic population 23 400 2001 FUNASA Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Macusi Macuxi Makuchi Makushi Makusi Makuxi Teueia Teweya Dialects None known Not intelligible with Pemon aoc or Patamona pbc Classification Cariban North Amazonian Pemón Pemón proper More Information Makuráp mpu Rondônia State Pororoca post Branco Guaporé and Mequéns rivers 45 de Olivera Braga 1992 Ethnic population 130 Crevels 2007 Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Macuráp Macurapi Makurápi Massaka Classification Tupian Tuparí Comments Intermarriage on same post with speakers of other languages More Information Mamaindé wmd Mato Grosso between Cabixi and Pardo rivers 330 2007 Status 6b Threatened Dialects Negaroté Tawende Reportedly similar to Lakondê lkd Latundê ltn and Tawandê xtw Classification Nambiquaran Kithãulhú More Information Mapidian mpw Roraima State with the Waiwai waw 10 in Brazil Moore 2006 Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Mahuayana Maiopitian Maopityan Mawayana Dialects None known Lexical similarity 10 with Wapishana wap and 20 with Atorada aox Classification Maipurean Northern Maritime Wapixana More Information Maquiritari mch Northwestern Roraima near Venezuela border Terra Indígena Yanomami 430 in Brazil 2000 ISA Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Makiritare Maquiritai Maquiritare Mayongong Pawana Soto Yekuána Dialects Cunuana De cuana Wainungomo Ihuruana Maitsi Mayongong Ye cuana Yekuana Classification Cariban Central Makiritare More Information Maritsauá msp Mato Grosso State No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Manitsawá Mantizula Dialects Arupai Urupaya Classification Tupian Juruna More Information Marúbo mzr Amazonas along headwaters of Curuçá Ipixuna and Javarí tributaries near the Peru border Large groups in Atalaia do Norte city smaller groups in Cruzeiro do Sul city 1 250 2006 FUNASA Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Kaniuá Marova Maruba Dialects None known No comprehension of Matsés Mayoruna mcf reported Possibly intelligible of Panoan Katukína knt Classification Panoan Mainline Shipibo More Information Matipuhy mzo Mato Grosso State Xingú Park No known L1 speakers Ethnic population 220 Crevels 2007 Status 9 Dormant Alternate Names Mariape Nahuqua Matipu Dialects Matipuhy Nahukuá Nafukwá Nahukwa Nahuqua Nakukwa Classification Cariban South Amazonian Bakairí Amonap Comments Shifted to Kuikúro Kalapálo kui More Information Matís mpq Amazonas Javari Valley Municipality of Atalaia do Norte on the border with Peru 320 2008 ISA Status 6a Vigorous Dialects None known Different from Matsés mcf Classification Panoan Mayoruna Matsés Comments Almost died out from disease in the 1980s More Information Matsés mcf Amazonas Javari River Basin Terra Indígena Vale do Javari Terra Indígena Lameiãro Solimões River Area Terra Indígena Mayoruna 830 in Brazil Moore 2006 Ethnic population 1 590 2006 FUNASA Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Matse Mayoruna Classification Panoan Mayoruna Matsés More Information Maxakalí mbl Minas Gerais and Bahia states 160 km inland from coast 14 villages 1 270 2006 FUNASA Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Caposho Cumanasho Macuni Mashakalí Monaxo Monocho Classification Maxakalian More Information Mehináku mmh Mato Grosso Xingú Park 230 2006 FUNASA All Mehinaku still speak their mother tongue Crevels 2007 Combined Waura wau and Mehinaku speakers 600 2011 Ethnic population 230 2006 FUNASA Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Mahinaku Mehinaco Mehinako Minaco Dialects Waurá kumá Somewhat intelligible of Waurá wau There is a dialect of Mehinaku called Waurá kumá which is influenced by Waurá wau Classification Maipurean Southern Central Waurá More Information Miranha boa Amazonas near the Solimões between Tefé and Caiçara rivers and along Brazilian Rio Iça No known L1 speakers in Brazil Ethnic population 610 1997 ISA Status 9 Dormant Alternate Names Bora Boro Miraña Mirãnia Classification Witotoan Proto Bora Muinane More Information Miriti mmv Pari Cachoeira Taracua Amazonas No known L1 speakers Ethnic population 95 1998 Status 9 Dormant Alternate Names Miriti Tapuyo Miriti Tapuia Mirity Tapuya Neenoá Classification Tucanoan Comments Tapuya comes from the Tupí word for enemy More Information Mondé mnd Rondônia State Apidia river tributary of Igarape Tanaru near Pimenta Bueno 2 Moore 2006 Ethnic population 10 Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Salamãi Salamaikã Sanamaica Sanamaiká Sanamaykã Dialects None known Related to Arua arx and Gavião do Jiparaná gvo Classification Tupian Mondé More Information Morerebi xmo Amazonas State Rio Preto and Marmelos 2 villages some in Mato Grosso State 100 2000 Status 6b Threatened Dialects None known Reportedly very similar linguistically to Amundava adw Tenharim pah and Uru eu wau wau urz A family group that has not lived with the Tenharim for many years and does not want contact with outside culture Classification Tupian Tupí Guaraní Kawahib Parintintin More Information Mundurukú myu Pará Amazonas and Mato Grosso states middle and upper Tapajós and middle Madeira rivers 22 villages 7 500 Moore 2006 Ethnic population 10 100 2002 FUNASA Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Caras Pretas Monjoroku Mundurucu Paiquize Pari Weidyenye Classification Tupian Mundurukú Comments Population formerly decimated by outsiders diseases and malaria is presently growing Traditional religion Christian More Information Nadëb mbj Amazonas 3 locations on Uneiuxi river a tributary of Negro River on Japurá and Negro rivers 400 Moore 2006 Deb a separate ethnic group from the Nadëb now reclaiming their identity by using Nadëb 280 Deb 2008 M Rodriquez 580 Nadëb 2009 FUNASA Ethnic population 850 2010 S Anonby Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Anodöub Kabari Kabori Makú Nadëb Makunadöbö Nadeb Macu Nadöbö Xiriwai Xuriwai Classification Puinavean Kaburi Comments Ruhlen 1987 and others classify it as Puinave in Macro Tucanoan Seminomadic More Information Nambikuára Southern nab Northwest Mato Grosso along Porto Velho Cuiabá highway about 300 km 10 villages 720 Moore 2006 Ethnic population 720 Moore 2006 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Alaketesu Anunsu Nambikwara Nambiquara Dialects Alaketesu Alatesu Anunsu Galera Hahaintesu Halotesu Khithaulhu Manduka Sarare Saxwentesu Serra Azul Waikisu Wakalitesu Wasusu Classification Nambiquaran Mamaindê Comments Manduca are semi integrated Population reduced from 10 000 to 600 in 1920s 1930s and 1950s by measles and other epidemics Settlers from outside bring in agriculture lumber and mining which threaten the Nambikuára way of life Manairisu is a subgroup Traditional religion Christian More Information Nhengatu yrl Amazonas Lower Vaupés Içana and Negro river areas 10 300 in Brazil 2005 FOIRN Population total all countries 19 060 L2 users Mostly a creole spoken by several ethnic groups as L2 in Upper Rio Negro region Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Coastal Tupian Geral Língua Geral Modern Tupí Ñeegatú Nheengatu Nyengato Nyengatú Waengatu Yeral Dialects None known Based on Tupinambá developed by Portuguese during 17th and 18th centuries as lingua franca Classification Tupian Tupí Guaraní Tupí Tupí Comments Language of the Bare tribe with several ethnic groups identifying as Bare and speaking Nhengatu More Information Ninam shb Roraima Mucajaí upper Uraricaá and Paragua rivers 800 in Brazil 2010 C Luz About evenly divided between northern and southern dialects 15 700 for all Yanomam groups in Brazil 2006 FUNASA Population total all countries 900 Most are monolingual Ethnic population 1 200 C Luz Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Xirixana Yanam Dialects Northern Ninam Shiriana Uraricaa Paragua Southern Ninam Mukajai Shirishana Classification Yanomaman Comments Distinct from the Arawakan Xiriâna xir More Information Nukuini nuc Acre State northwest Juruá from the upper Mõa to the Rio Sungarú No known L1 speakers Ethnic population 460 2001 Status 9 Dormant Alternate Names Nukini Nuquini Dialects Cuyanawa Classification Panoan Mainline Unclassified More Information Ofayé opy Mato Grosso do Sul along Verde Vacaris and Ivinhema rivers around Brasilândia 2 2005 S Anonby Ethnic population 60 2006 FUNASA Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Ofaié Xavante Ofayé Xavante Opaié Shavante Opayé Classification Language isolate Comments Christian More Information Omagua omg Amazonas State Solimões River Area Tefé municipality Santa Cruz on right bank of Solimões river and Terra Indígena Kokama Maraã municipality Terra Indígena Jaquiri Alvaráes municipality Terra Indígena Igarapé Grande No known L1 speakers in Brazil Ethnic population 160 2000 ISA Status 9 Dormant Alternate Names Agua Anapia Ariana Cambeba Cambela Campeba Canga Peba Compeva Janbeba Macanipa Omagua Yete Pariana Umaua Yhuata Dialects Aizuare Aissuari Curacirari Curazicari Curucicuri Curuzicari Paguana Paguara Classification Tupian Tupí Guaraní Tupí Cocama More Information Oro Win orw Rondônia State Pacaás Novos river headwaters a tributary of Mamoré River 2 2010 SIL Ethnic population 55 1998 Status 8b Nearly extinct Dialects None known Not intelligible of Tora trz Itene More ite and Pakaasnovos Wari pav Classification Chapacuran Wari Comments Live among the Pakaasnovos pav More Information Oti oti São Paulo No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Chavante Euchavante Classification Language isolate More Information Otuke otu Mato Grosso State No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Louxiru Otuque Otuqui Dialects Related dialects or languages Covareca Curuminaca Coraveca Curave Curucaneca and Tapii all extinct Classification Bororoan More Information Pakaásnovos pav Rondônia State 7 villages 1 930 Crevels 2007 Ethnic population 2 720 2006 FUNASA Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Jaru Oro Wari Pacaas Novos Pacahanovo Pakaanova Pakaanovas Uomo Wari Classification Chapacuran Wari More Information Palikúr plu Amapá State banks of Urucauá river right bank tributary of the Uaçá between the Uaçá and Curipi rivers Oiapoque municipality Terra Indígena Uaçá I and II in 10 villages 1 290 in Brazil 2010 IEPE Population total all countries 1 540 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Paikwene Palicur Palijur Palikour Palincur Paricores Paricuria Parikurene Parinkur lene Classification Maipurean Northern Eastern Palikur More Information Panará kre Mato Grosso State Parque Indígena do Xingú southwestern Pará State on the Iriri river Terra Indígena Panará 375 2008 SIL Ethnic population 380 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Kreen Akarore Kren Akarore Dialects Not a dialect of Kayapó txu possibly more similar to Canela ram Classification Jean Northern Comments Ethnonym Indios Gigantes More Information Pankararé pax Bahia State No known L1 speakers Ethnic population 1 500 Status 9 Dormant Alternate Names Pankaré Classification Unclassified More Information Pankararú paz Pernambuco and Alagoas states No known L1 speakers Ethnic population 5 880 Status 9 Dormant Alternate Names Pancaré Pancaru Pankarará Pankaravu Pankaroru Pankarú Dialects None known Possibly related to Xukuru xoo Classification Language isolate More Information Parakanã pak Pará State lower Xingú river near São Felix and Altamira towns 900 Fausto 1995 Ethnic population 900 2004 ISA Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Awaeté Parakanân Parocana Dialects None known Part of Akwáwa subgroup Classification Tupian Tupí Guaraní Tenetehara Akwawa More Information Paranawát paf Rondônia State tributaries of the Jiparaná Machado and Sono rivers No known L1 speakers Ethnic population 50 1986 SIL Status 9 Dormant Alternate Names Majubim Paranauat Pawaté Classification Tupian Tupí Guaraní Kawahib Parintintin More Information Parecís pab Western Mato Grosso on the Jubá Guaporé Verde Papagaio Burití and Juruena rivers 15 20 villages 2 000 2008 Administração Executiva Regional Tangara da Serra Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Arití Haliti Pareás Paresí Paressí Dialects None known Very similar to Saraveca sar Crevels 2007 Classification Maipurean Southern Central Paresí Comments 7 villages have public schools More Information Patamona pbc Northern Roraima State Terra Indígena Raposa or Serra do Sol Ethnic population 50 Crevels 2007 Status 8a Moribund Classification Cariban North Amazonian Pemón Pemón proper Kapong More Information Pataxó Hã Ha Hãe pth Minas Gerais and Bahia states Pôsto Paraguassu in Itabuna municipality No known L1 speakers Ethnic population 4 660 1998 2 790 Pataxó and 1 870 Pataxó Hã Hã Hãe Crevels 2007 Status 9 Dormant Alternate Names Patashó Pataxi Pataxó Pataxó Hãhaãi Patoxó Classification Maxakalian More Information Paumarí pad Amazonas Purus River 3 villages 290 Crevels 2007 Ethnic population 870 2000 Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Purupurú Dialects Kurukuru Curucuru Paumarm Pammari Uaiai 3 inherently intelligible dialects Classification Arauan Comments In 1964 there were 96 Paumarí in 1 village By 1994 they had increased to 700 in several villages More Information Pemon aoc Rio Branco Roraima near Guyana border 530 in Brazil Moore 2006 Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Pemong Taulipáng Dialects Arecuna Arekuna Aricuna Jaricuna Camaracota Ipuricoto Ingarikó Ingaricó Taulipang Taurepan Taurepang Classification Cariban North Amazonian Pemón Pemón proper More Information Pirahã myp Amazonas along Maici and Autaces rivers 360 2000 ISA Most are monolingual Ethnic population 1 500 1995 SIL Pirahã is a small group Múra much larger Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Múra Pirahã Dialects Múra Classification Muran Comments In 1960s the population dwindled to 80 due to high infant mortality death of mothers giving birth and disease Modern medicine helped population growth More Information Piratapuyo pir Northwestern Amazonas Terra Indígena Rio Negro Terra Indígena Médio Rio Negro I Terra Indígena Médio Rio Negro II Terra Indígena Rio Téa 1 430 in Brazil 2005 FOIRN Population total all countries 1 880 Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Pira Tapuya Uaiana Uaicana Uaikena Uainana Waikhara Waikino Waina Dialects None known Reportedly similar to Guanano gvc but ethnically distinct The two groups do not intermarry 75 intelligibility of Guanano 1992 N Waltz Classification Tucanoan Eastern Tucanoan More Information Plautdietsch pdt Paraná State Curitiaba scattered communities elsewhere 8 000 in Brazil Salminen 2007 Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Low German Mennonite German Classification Indo European Germanic West Low Saxon Low Franconian Low Saxon Comments Christian More Information Pokangá pok Amazonas Upper Tiquie tributary of Vaupés 100 1983 SIL Ethnic population 300 1988 ISA Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Bará Bara Sona Barasano Bará Tukano Pakang Pokangá Tapuya Waipínõmakã Classification Tucanoan Eastern Tucanoan Bará Tuyuka Comments May be the same as Barasana bsn or Waimaha bao Northern Barasano Bará Might be a Maku language More Information Portuguese por Widespread 187 000 000 in Brazil 1998 Status 1 National Statutory national language 1988 Constitution Article 13 Classification Indo European Italic Romance Italo Western Western Gallo Iberian Ibero Romance West Iberian Portuguese Galician Comments Christian traditional religion More Information Potiguára pog Paraíba State Pôsto Nísia Brasileira on the Baía da Traição Mamanguape municipality No known L1 speakers Ethnic population 8 450 2002 Status 9 Dormant Alternate Names Pitonara Classification Tupian Tupí Guaraní Tupí Tupí Comments Descended from the Tupinambá More Information Poyanáwa pyn Acre State upper Rio Môa Jumá tributary No known L1 speakers Ethnic population 400 1999 ISA Status 9 Dormant Alternate Names Poianáua Puinahua Classification Panoan Mainline More Information Puri prr Espírito Santo and Minas Gerais states No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Coroado Classification Purian More Information Puruborá pur Rondônia State headwaters of the Rio São Miguel tributary of the right bank of the Guaporé 2 2002 SIL Ethnic population 50 Moore 2006 Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Aurã Burubora Cujubi Kuyubi Miguelenho Migueleno Pumbora Puroborá Puruba Classification Tupian Comments Live among other groups More Information Rikbaktsa rkb Mato Grosso and Amazonas states confluence of Sangue and Juruena rivers Japuira on the east bank of the Juruena between the Arinos and Sangue rivers and Posto Escondido on the west bank of the Juruena 700 km north 9 villages 14 settlements 40 2010 SIL Ethnic population 1 140 2006 FUNASA Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Aripaktsa Canoeiro Erikbatsa Erikpatsa Classification Language isolate Comments Distinct from Avá Canoeiro avv and Kanoé kxo More Information Romani Vlax rmy Northeast Pernambuco State Status 6b Threatened Classification Indo European Indo Iranian Indo Aryan Central zone Romani Vlax More Information Sabanê sae Mato Grosso 7 Moore 2006 Ethnic population 40 Crevels 2007 Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Sabanês Sabones Sowainte Classification Nambiquaran Comments Integrated into Brazilian culture More Information Sakirabiá skf Rondônia State Cerejeira and Colorado do Oeste municipalities Mequens river 25 Moore 2006 Ethnic population 66 Moore 2006 Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Mekém Mekens Sakirabiák Sakirabiáp Sakirabiát Sakirap Sakiriabar Sakurabiat Classification Tupian Tuparí More Information Salumá slj Northwest Pará State upper Anamu source of the Trombetas along the Suriname border 240 2000 Status 8a Moribund Classification Cariban Tiriyó Comments Different from Enawené Nawé unk in Mato Grosso Live among the Trio tri losing their ethnic identity More Information Sanumá xsu Roraima Auaris river 460 in Brazil Moore 2006 All Yanomam groups in Brazil 11 700 2000 ISA Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Sanema Tsanuma Dialects Auaris Caura Ervato Ventuari Yanoma Samatali Samatari Classification Yanomaman More Information Sateré Mawé mav Pará and Amazonas states Andirá and Maués rivers between lower Tapajós and lower Madeira rivers more than 14 villages 9 160 2008 FUNASA Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Andira Arapium Mabue Maragua Maué Mawé Sataré Dialects None known Recent data show that Aweti awe and Sateré Mawé probably form a separate sub branch within the Tupian linguistic family Crevels 2007 Classification Tupian More Information Shanenawa swo Amazonas State near the city of Feijó 9 Moore 2006 Ethnic population 360 2002 FUNAI Status 8b Nearly extinct Dialects None known Reportedly similar to Yawanawa ywn and Sharanawa mcd Classification Unclassified More Information Sharanahua mcd Acre State Marináwa along the upper Envira tributary of the Tarauacá Cruzeiro do Sul municipality on Rio Humaitá off Juará river 3 in Brazil 2007 S Anonby Ethnic population 200 Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Acre Arara Arara do Acre Shawanauá Dialects Chandinahua Marinahua Marináwa Classification Panoan Mainline Tri State More Information Sikiana sik Northwest Pará State between Rio Cafuini and headwaters of the Turuna and Itapi near the Suriname border 33 in Brazil 1986 SIL Population total all countries 48 Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Chikena Chiquena Chiquiana Shikiana Sikiâna Sikïiyana Xikiyana Xikujana Dialects None known Reportedly similar to Salumá slj Classification Cariban Kashuyana More Information Siriano sri Amazonas São Gabriel 17 in Brazil Moore 2006 Ethnic population 52 2009 FUNASA Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Sarirá Siriana Siriane Surianá Surirá Suryana Classification Tucanoan Eastern Tucanoan Desano Siriano Comments People are increasingly self identifying as Tucano tuo More Information Suruahá swx Amazonas Juruá Jutaí and Purus rivers area 140 Moore 2006 140 monolinguals Status 6b

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  • Brazil - Status | Ethnologue
    Creole French kmv 6b Threatened 2 400 2008 SIL Kayapó txu 6b Threatened 7 100 Moore 2006 19 communities in regular contact with outsiders also 3 4 isolated Kayapó groups of 30 100 people Crevels 2007 3 950 monolinguals Kuikúro Kalapálo kui 6b Threatened 1 010 2006 FUNASA 510 Kuikúro and 500 Kalapálo Kulina cul 6b Threatened 3 500 in Brazil 2006 ISA Population total all countries 3 900 Macushi mbc 6b Threatened 16 500 in Brazil Moore 2006 Population total all countries 18 030 Ethnic population 23 400 2001 FUNASA Mamaindé wmd 6b Threatened 330 2007 Morerebi xmo 6b Threatened 100 2000 Mundurukú myu 6b Threatened 7 500 Moore 2006 Ethnic population 10 100 2002 FUNASA Pemon aoc 6b Threatened 530 in Brazil Moore 2006 Piratapuyo pir 6b Threatened 1 430 in Brazil 2005 FOIRN Population total all countries 1 880 Plautdietsch pdt 6b Threatened 8 000 in Brazil Salminen 2007 Romani Vlax rmy 6b Threatened Suruahá swx 6b Threatened 140 Moore 2006 140 monolinguals Suruí sru 6b Threatened 1 010 2006 FUNASA Talian vec 6b Threatened Tenharim pah 6b Threatened 580 Moore 2006 Ethnic population 790 2000 ISA 590 Tenharim 160 Parintintin 50 Diahhoi 2000 ISA Uru Eu Wau Wau urz 6b Threatened 87 Moore 2006 Crevels 2007 groups the Uru Eu Wau Wau together with Amundava adw for a total population of 170 2003 Ethnic population 87 Moore 2006 Uru Pa In urp 6b Threatened 200 1995 SIL Yanomámi wca 6b Threatened 6 000 Moore 2006 11 700 for all Yanomam groups in Brazil 2000 ISA Most are monolingual Ethnic population 9 000 1994 SIL Zo é pto 6b Threatened 150 1998 ISA Ethnic population 150 Moore 2006 7 Shifting Asurini Tocantins asu 7 Shifting 300 2001 ISA Ethnic population 300 Moore 2006 Chiquitano cax 7 Shifting Ethnic population 2 000 2000 ISA Chiripá nhd 7 Shifting 4 900 in Brazil 1995 AMTB Ethnic population 8 000 2003 ISA Curripaco kpc 7 Shifting 1 250 in Brazil 2001 ISA Hunsrik hrx 7 Shifting 3 000 000 in Brazil Ethnic population 5 000 000 Iatê fun 7 Shifting 2 930 1999 ISA Ingarikó ake 7 Shifting 670 in Brazil Moore 2006 Karo arr 7 Shifting 210 2006 Associação de Defensa Etnoambiental Spoken by almost everyone in the two villages Crevels 2007 Kaxararí ktx 7 Shifting 270 2001 ISA Ethnic population 320 2009 FUNASA Machinere mpd 7 Shifting 940 in Brazil 2004 CPI AC Population total all countries 1 080 Nhengatu yrl 7 Shifting 10 300 in Brazil 2005 FOIRN Population total all countries 19 060 L2 users Mostly a creole spoken by several ethnic groups as L2 in Upper Rio Negro region Paumarí pad 7 Shifting 290 Crevels 2007 Ethnic population 870 2000 Pokangá pok 7 Shifting 100 1983 SIL Ethnic population 300 1988 ISA Sanumá xsu 7 Shifting 460 in Brazil Moore 2006 All Yanomam groups in Brazil 11 700 2000 ISA Tariana tae 7 Shifting 100 in Brazil Aikhenvald 1996 Ethnic population 1 910 2002 ISA Tembé tqb 7 Shifting 150 2000 SIL Ethnic population 880 Crevels 2007 Tembé 820 1999 Turiwara 60 1998 Terêna ter 7 Shifting 15 800 Moore 2006 Ethnic population 16 000 2001 Wapishana wap 7 Shifting 6 500 in Brazil 2000 ISA Xokleng xok 7 Shifting 760 1998 ISA Yaminahua yaa 7 Shifting 620 in Brazil Moore 2006 8a Moribund Akuntsu aqz 8a Moribund 6 2009 SIL Aruá arx 8a Moribund 12 1990 YWAM Ethnic population 58 Moore 2006 Atorada aox 8a Moribund Few in Brazil 2000 Galibi car 8a Moribund 28 in Brazil Moore 2006 Ethnic population 1 800 2000 ISA Gavião Pará gvp 8a Moribund Ethnic population 810 2005 ISA 340 Parakatêjê 470 Pukobjê Irántxe irn 8a Moribund 40 2010 SIL Ethnic population 360 2006 ISA Itene ite 8a Moribund 12 in Brazil Crevels 2007 Ethnic population 30 2002 Karipuna kuq 8a Moribund 10 Crevels 2007 Ethnic population 21 2001 Krenak kqq 8a Moribund 10 Moore 2006 Ethnic population 150 Moore 2006 Latundê ltn 8a Moribund 10 2010 S Anonby Ethnic population 20 2010 S Anonby Makuráp mpu 8a Moribund 45 de Olivera Braga 1992 Ethnic population 130 Crevels 2007 Maquiritari mch 8a Moribund 430 in Brazil 2000 ISA Ofayé opy 8a Moribund 2 2005 S Anonby Ethnic population 60 2006 FUNASA Patamona pbc 8a Moribund Ethnic population 50 Crevels 2007 Rikbaktsa rkb 8a Moribund 40 2010 SIL Ethnic population 1 140 2006 FUNASA Salumá slj 8a Moribund 240 2000 Sikiana sik 8a Moribund 33 in Brazil 1986 SIL Population total all countries 48 Siriano sri 8a Moribund 17 in Brazil Moore 2006 Ethnic population 52 2009 FUNASA Tawandê xtw 8a Moribund Trumai tpy 8a Moribund 51 Moore 2006 Ethnic population 120 Moore 2006 Tuparí tpr 8a Moribund 340 Moore 2006 Ethnic population 380 Wajiara yui 8a Moribund 50 in Brazil 1991 SIL Wayana way 8a Moribund 150 in Brazil Ethnic population 450 Moore 2006 Wayana and Aparai are registered as a single group of 420 members 1998 8b Nearly extinct Amahuaca amc 8b Nearly extinct 220 in Brazil 1995 L2 users A few women by reason of intermarriage with Amahuaca men use the language at home Anambé aan 8b Nearly extinct 6 Moore 2006 Ethnic population 130 2000 ISA Apiaká api 8b Nearly extinct 1 Tempesta 2009 Ethnic population 1 000 Tempesta 2009 Arikapú ark 8b Nearly extinct 2 2009 FUNASA Ethnic population 32 2009 FUNASA Arutani atx 8b Nearly extinct 17 in Brazil 1986 SIL Population total all countries 42 Avá Canoeiro avv 8b Nearly extinct 14 Moore 2006 14 monolinguals All speakers are monolingual Ethnic population 46 2009 ISA Baré bae 8b Nearly extinct Spoken by a few elders Crevels 2007 Ethnic population 1 220 Crevels 2007 Cafundo Creole ccd 8b Nearly extinct 40 1978 M Gnerre Cocama Cocamilla cod 8b Nearly extinct Ethnic population 620 Moore 2006 Cubeo cub 8b Nearly extinct 150 in Brazil 1986 SIL Ethnic population 290 2001 Guarequena gae 8b Nearly extinct 490 in Brazil Moore 2006 Guató gta 8b Nearly

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  • Brazil - Maps | Ethnologue
    map 24 95 Browse all products Amazon Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print Edition 17th Edition 16th Edition 15th Edition 14th Edition 13th

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  • British Virgin Islands - Languages | Ethnologue
    700 in British Virgin Islands 2003 Status 6a Vigorous Classification Creole English based Atlantic Eastern Southern More Information Language Status Profile Click to enlarge with explanation Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ

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