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  • Haiti - Languages | Ethnologue
    731 240 Status 1 National Statutory national language 1987 Constitution Article 5 1 2 Alternate Names Creole Haitian Creole Western Caribbean Creole Dialects Fablas Plateau Haitian Creole Linguistic influences from Wolof wol Fon fon and Éwé ewe of West Africa Classification Creole French based Comments In 1961 granted legal and educational status in Haiti A growing literature including poetry Lower social status than standard French More Information Haitian Vodoun Culture Language hvc No known L1 speakers Status 9 Second language only Alternate Names Langaj Langay Classification Unclassified Comments Probably not a separate language but consists of a broad spectrum of religious words songs and incantations drawing on multiple African languages which are used in Voudoun ceremonies Some of these are kept secret and used only by initiates 2012 J Rigdon More Information Language Status Profile Click to enlarge with explanation Amazon Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print Edition 17th Edition 16th Edition 15th

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/HT/languages (2016-02-13)
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  • Haiti - Status | Ethnologue
    hvc 9 Second language only No known L1 speakers Language Status Profile Click to enlarge with explanation Amazon Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day

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  • Honduras - Languages | Ethnologue
    Ta Maipurean Iñeri Comments Christian traditional religion More Information Honduras Sign Language hds Scattered Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Honduran Sign Language Lengua de Señas Hondureñas LESHO Dialects Regional variations deaf people along the North coast have some distinct signs from deaf people in the southern part of the country Classification Deaf sign language More Information Lenca len La Paz Intibucá Lempira Comayagua Valle and Francisco Morazán departments No known L1 speakers Some semi speakers Adelaar 2007 Ethnic population 100 000 Status 9 Dormant Dialects None known Some considered it Macro Chibchan Classification Lencan More Information Mayangna yan Gracias a Dios and Olancho departments between the Patuca and Wanki rivers also in Colón Department southeast corner 700 in Honduras 1997 SIL Ethnic population 1 030 McSweeney 2002 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Sumu Dialects Twahka Classification Misumalpan More Information Mískito miq Gracias a Dios and Olancho departments south Coco river watershed coastal area northwest from Puerto Lempira into Colón Department 29 000 in Honduras Rivas 1993 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Marquito Mískitu Mísquito Mosquito Classification Misumalpan More Information Pech pay North central coast Colón Department near Caribbean coast inland Olancho Department Dulce Nombre de Culmi and Catamacas municipalities 990 Rivas 1993 Ethnic population 2 590 Rivas 1993 Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Paya Seco Classification Chibchan Chibchan B Comments Much community interest to preserve the Pech language and some work is being done to preserve it More Information Spanish spa 5 900 000 in Honduras 2014 L2 users 112 000 in Honduras 2014 Status 1 National Statutory national language 1982 Constitution Article 6 Alternate Names Castellano Español Classification Indo European Italic Romance Italo Western Western Gallo Iberian Ibero Romance West Iberian Castilian More Information Tol jic North central northern Francisco Morazán Department Montaña de la Flor Yoro 350 1997

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/HN/languages (2016-02-13)
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  • Jamaica - Languages | Ethnologue
    Sign Konchri Sain Classification Deaf sign language Comments Maranatha School for the Deaf in Ridge St Elizabeth parish uses Jamaican Sign Language jls in the classroom Deaf people in the St Elizabeth Parish often move to the larger cities for easier access to employment Country Sign is not being used in the schools and its number of users is gradually declining More Information Jamaican Creole English jam 2 670 000 in Jamaica 2001 Population total all countries 3 205 000 Status 5 Developing De facto language of national identity Alternate Names Bongo Talk Jamiekan Limon Creole English Patois Patwa Quashie Talk Western Caribbean Creole Dialects None known The basilect and standard English mutually inherently unintelligible Voegelin and Voegelin 1977 Le Page 1960 Adler 1977 May be partly intelligible to speakers of Cameroon Pidgin wes and Krio kri of Sierra Leone spoken by descendants of Jamaicans repatriated between 1787 and 1860 Inherently intelligible to creole speakers in Panama and Costa Rica Reportedly very similar to Belize Creole bzj similar to Grenada Saint Vincent different from Tobago very different from Guyana Barbados Leeward and Windward islands Classification Creole English based Atlantic Western Comments There is a continuum of variation from basilectal Creole to acrolectal English of the educated Linguistic influences from Akan aka languages in Ghana and Bantu languages Hancock 1988 More Information Jamaican Sign Language jls Scattered 7 500 2011 E Parks Status 5 Developing Alternate Names JSL Dialects None known Reportedly similar to American Sign Language ase with influence from Signed English or Signing Exact English Classification Deaf sign language More Information Language Status Profile Click to enlarge with explanation Amazon Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/JM/languages (2016-02-13)
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  • Jamaica - Status | Ethnologue
    Shifting 40 L Parks Language Status Profile Click to enlarge with explanation Amazon Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print Edition 17th Edition 16th

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/JM/status (2016-02-13)
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  • Martinique - Languages | Ethnologue
    Western Western Gallo Iberian Gallo Romance Gallo Rhaetian Oïl French Comments When Creole languages exist alongside their lexifier language as in Martinique a continuum forms of variations between the Creole and the lexifier language It is therefore difficult to substantiate the number of Creole speakers and English speakers More Information French Sign Language fsl Scattered Status 6a Vigorous Classification Deaf sign language More Information Martiniquan Creole French gcf 418 000 in Martinique 2001 Status 6a Vigorous De facto language of national identity Alternate Names Patois Patwa Classification Creole French based Comments There is a continuum of variation from basilectal Creole to acrolectal French of the educated More Information Language Status Profile Click to enlarge with explanation Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print Edition 17th Edition 16th Edition 15th Edition 14th Edition 13th Edition Related Sites SIL org ScriptSource ISO 639 3 Contact SIL International Publications 7500 West Camp Wisdom Road Dallas TX 75236 5629

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/MQ/languages (2016-02-13)
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  • Martinique - Status | Ethnologue
    2001 Language Status Profile Click to enlarge with explanation Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print Edition 17th Edition 16th Edition 15th Edition 14th Edition

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/MQ/status (2016-02-13)
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  • Mexico - Languages | Ethnologue
    400 2000 INALI 200 monolinguals Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Mixteco de Huitepec Mixteco de San Antonio Huitepec Mixteco de Zaachila Dialects None known 77 intelligibility of Estetla Eastern mil 75 of Chalcatongo mig 52 of Peñoles mil 20 of Yosondúa mpm 8 of Tilantongo xtd Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Amuzgo Mixtecan Mixtecan Mixtec More Information Mixtec Itundujia mce Oaxaca Putla district southwest of Yosondúa southeast of Putla Most in Morelos and Guerrero villages 850 2000 INALI 17 monolinguals 2005 census Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Eastern Putla Mixtec Mixteco de Santa Cruz Itundujia Dialects 60 intelligibility of Yosondúa mpm 59 of Chalcatongo mig 25 of San Martín Peras dialect of Western Juxtlahuaca jmx 15 of Amoltepec mbz 12 of Zacatepec mza 10 of San Esteban Atatláhuca mib 10 of Nuyoo dialect of Southwestern Tlaxiaco meh 0 of Ixtayutla vmj Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Amuzgo Mixtecan Mixtecan Mixtec More Information Mixtec Ixtayutla vmj Oaxaca Jamiltepec district Santiago Ixtayutla Ixtayutla El Carasol El Huamuche La Humedad Llano Escondido Llano Verde El Mosco Pueblo Viejo San Lucas Xiniyuba Yucuyá Las Limas Macahuite Nuyuku Olintepec Yomuche Carasul and Frutillo 6 380 2000 INALI 3 800 monolinguals 2005 census Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Mixteco de Santiago Ixtayutla Northeastern Jamiltepec Mixtec Dialects None known 79 intelligibility of Amoltepec mbz 59 of Chayuco mih 49 of Jamiltepec mxt 40 of San Juan Colorado mjc 30 of Zacatepec mza Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Amuzgo Mixtecan Mixtecan Mixtec Comments School through 6th grade in Ixtayutla Some settlements have schools Christian traditional religion More Information Mixtec Jamiltepec mxt Southwest Oaxaca Santiago Jamiltepec San Andrés Huaxtaltepec Santa María Huazolotitlán Santiago Tetepec and Santa Elena Comaltepec towns 9 760 2000 INALI 1 300 monolinguals Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Eastern Jamiltepec San Cristobal Mixtec Mixteco de Jamiltepec Mixteco de Oaxaca de costa central baja Mixteco de Santa María Huazolotitlán Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Amuzgo Mixtecan Mixtecan Mixtec More Information Mixtec Juxtlahuaca vmc Oaxaca central Santiago Juxtlahuaca San Sebastián Tecomaxtlahuaca San Miguel Tlacotepec Santos Reyes Tepejillo Santa María Tindú San Martin Duraznos and Santa María Yucunicoco towns San Quintín valley Baja California 16 000 1990 census 5 500 monolinguals Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Central Juxtlahuaca Mixtec Mixteco de Juxtlahuaca Dialects None known 84 intelligibility of Silacayoapan mks 80 of Yucuane mvg and San Miguel Piedras xtp 63 of Santa Cruz Mixtepec mix 48 of Coicoyán vmc Western Juxtlahuaca 37 of Tezoatlán mxb 18 of Zacatepec mza 10 of Ñumí Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Amuzgo Mixtecan Mixtecan Mixtec Comments Secondary school Many work in Culiacán or the United States More Information Mixtec Magdalena Peñasco xtm Oaxaca Tlaxiaco district Santa María Magdalena Peñasco San Cristobal Amoltepec San Mateo Peñasco and San Agustín Tlacotepec municipalities 7 350 2005 census 1 170 monolinguals 2000 census Status 5 Developing Dialects San Agustín Tlacotepec Mixtec San Cristóbal Amoltepec Mixtec San Mateo Peñasco Mixtec 89 intelligibility of San Cristóbal Amoltepec not the same as Santiago Amoltepec mbz in the District of Sola de Vega 76 of Tijaltepec xtl and Sinicahua xti 73 of San Miguel el Grande mig 72 of Tlacotepec xtm 68 of Ocotepec mie 64 of Northern Tlaxiaco Nduaxico xtn 58 of Yucuañe mvg Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Amuzgo Mixtecan Mixtecan Mixtec More Information Mixtec Metlatónoc mxv Tlacoachistlahuaca and Cochoapa municipalities East Guerrero Metlatónoc San Rafael and towns south 46 600 2000 Many monolinguals Status 6a Vigorous Dialects None known 90 or higher intelligibility of nearby varieties but only 50 of most Alacatlatzala mim Alcozauca Mixtec xta is separate language Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Amuzgo Mixtecan Mixtecan Mixtec More Information Mixtec Mitlatongo vmm Oaxaca Nochixtlán Santiago Mitlatongo and Santa Cruz Mitlatongo 1 800 2011 SIL Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Mixteco de Mitlatongo Dialects 70 intelligibility of Yutanduchi mab 56 of Peñoles mil 54 of Tamazola vmx 43 of San Juan Teita xtj 10 of Nuxaá dialect of Southwestern Nochixtlan mxy 8 of Diuxi xtd Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Amuzgo Mixtecan Mixtecan Mixtec Comments Secondary school Some men work outside the area some in the United States More Information Mixtec Mixtepec mix Oaxaca San Juan Mixtepec Tlaxiaco district head San Quintín valley Baja California 9 170 in Mexico 2000 INALI 2 500 3 000 located in Tlaxiaco district head 2 600 monolinguals 1990 census Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Eastern Juxtlahuaca Mixtec Mixteco de oeste central Mixteco de San Juan Mixtepec Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Amuzgo Mixtecan Mixtecan Mixtec More Information Mixtec Northern Tlaxiaco xtn Oaxaca Tlaxiaco district San Juan Ñumí and Santiago Nundichi municipalities Teposcolula district San Antonino Monte Verde and San Sebastián Nicananduta municipalities 12 300 2000 INALI 1 600 monolinguals Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Mixteco de San Juan Ñumí Mixteco del norte de Tlaxiaco Ñumí Mixtec Dialects San Antonio Monte Verde San Antonio Nduaxico San Sebastian Nicananduta Santiago Nundiche Yosoñama Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Amuzgo Mixtecan Mixtecan Mixtec More Information Mixtec Northwest Oaxaca mxa Northwest Oaxaca Santos Reyes Yucuná Guadalupe Portezuelo and San Simón Zahuatlán towns 5 430 2000 INALI 1 000 monolinguals Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Mixteco de Yucuná Mixteco del noroeste Mixteco del Noroeste de Oaxaca Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Amuzgo Mixtecan Mixtecan Mixtec More Information Mixtec Ocotepec mie West central Oaxaca 6 170 2000 INALI 600 monolinguals Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Mixteco de Santo Tomás Ocotepec Mixteco de Sierra Sur Noroeste Ocotepec Mixtec Santo Tomás Ocotepec Mixtec Dialects None known 80 intelligibility of Ñumí xtn Northwestern Tlaxiaco Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Amuzgo Mixtecan Mixtecan Mixtec More Information Mixtec Peñoles mil West central Oaxaca Santa María Peñoles municipalities Monteflor and Cholula agencias Huazolotipac agencia 5 500 in Mexico 2000 INALI 1 000 monolinguals Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Eastern Mixtec Mixteco de Santa María Peñoles Dialects None known 14 intelligibility of Chalcatongo Nuxaá has 30 intelligibility of Peñoles mil Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Amuzgo Mixtecan Mixtecan Mixtec More Information Mixtec Pinotepa Nacional mio Oaxaca Jamiltepec district Pinotepa de Don Luis San Antonio Tepetlapa San Francisco Sayultepec San Juan Atoyac San Juan Atoyac San Juan Jicayán San Pedro Tulixtlahuaca Santa Cruz Itacuán Santa María Jicaltepec San Antonio Tepetlapa San Juan Cacahuatepec San Miguel Tlacamama San Pedro Jicayán San Sebastian Ixcapa Santiago Pinotepa Nacional and Tulixtlahuaca 20 000 1990 census 2 200 monolinguals Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Coastal Mixtec Jicaltepec Mixtec Lowland Jicaltepec Mixtec Mixteco de Pinotepa Nacional Western Jamiltepec Mixtec Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Amuzgo Mixtecan Mixtecan Mixtec More Information Mixtec San Juan Colorado mjc Coastal area of Oaxaca San Juan Colorado and San Pedro Atoyac 7 820 2000 INALI 1 890 monolinguals Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Mixteco de Oaxaca de la costa noroeste Mixteco de San Juan Colorado Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Amuzgo Mixtecan Mixtecan Mixtec More Information Mixtec San Juan Teita xtj Oaxaca Tlaxiaco district southeast of Tlaxiaco San Juan Teita town 330 2000 INALI 35 monolinguals Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Mixteco de San Juan Teita Teita Mixtec Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Amuzgo Mixtecan Mixtecan Mixtec More Information Mixtec San Miguel el Grande mig West central Oaxaca Chalcatongo 6 000 2005 census 330 monolinguals Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Chalcatongo Mixtec Mixteco de San Pedro Molinos Mixteco del Sur Bajo Dialects None known 86 intelligibility of Yosondúa mpm most similar Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Amuzgo Mixtecan Mixtecan Mixtec More Information Mixtec San Miguel Piedras xtp Oaxaca Nochixtlán district 460 2000 INALI Ethnic population 1 120 1990 census Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Mixteco de San Miguel Piedras Dialects None known 49 intelligibility of Estetla Eastern mil 29 of Soyaltepec vmq Yosondúa mpm 18 of Peñoles mil 15 of Chalcatongo mig 13 of Tilantongo xtd Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Amuzgo Mixtecan Mixtecan Mixtec More Information Mixtec Santa Lucía Monteverde mdv West central Oaxaca northeast Putla district mostly in Agua del Toro and Ocotlán 5 430 2000 INALI 480 monolinguals Mostly in Agua del Toro and Ocotlán Ethnic population 6 000 1995 census Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Mixteco de Santa Lucía Monteverde Mixteco de Yosonotú Dialects None known Intelligibility 83 of San Esteban Atatláhuca mib Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Amuzgo Mixtecan Mixtecan Mixtec More Information Mixtec Santa María Zacatepec mza Oaxaca south of Putla Tapanco Nejapa Atotonilco San Miguel San Juan Viejo Rancho de la Virgen and Las Palmas towns 2 570 2005 census 510 monolinguals Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Mixteco de Santa María Zacatepec Southern Putla Mixtec Tacuate pej Tu un Va a Zacatepec Mixtec Dialects None known 64 intelligibility of Ixtayutla vmj 63 of Jicaltepec mio Pinotepa Nacional Mixtec 40 50 of Metlatónoc mxv 25 30 of Yoloxochitl xty Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Amuzgo Mixtecan Mixtecan Mixtec Comments About 1 000 working in the United States Called Tacuates by people in the area including Indians which can be offensive depending on context and other signals Christian More Information Mixtec Silacayoapan mks Oaxaca Santo Domingo Tonala San Jorge Nuchita and Tijuana towns 18 700 in Mexico 2000 1 500 monolinguals 1990 census Status 5 Developing Dialects 70 intelligibility of Metlatónoc mxv 68 of Santa María Peras Cuatzoquitengo dialect of Alacatlatzala mim testing incomplete Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Amuzgo Mixtecan Mixtecan Mixtec More Information Mixtec Sindihui xts West central Oaxaca Sindihui municipality 34 2005 census Status 8b Nearly extinct Dialects None known Distinct from Yutanduchi mab Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Amuzgo Mixtecan Mixtecan Mixtec More Information Mixtec Sinicahua xti Oaxaca Tlaxiaco district Sinicahua municipality San Antonio Sinicahua and Siniyucu 1 110 2005 census 150 monolinguals Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Mixteco de San Antonio Sinicahua Dialects None known 75 intelligibility of Tijaltepec xtl 73 of Ocotepec mie 72 of San Miguel el Grande mig and 51 of Nduaxico Northern Tlaxiaco Mixtec xtn Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Amuzgo Mixtecan Mixtecan Mixtec More Information Mixtec Southeastern Nochixtlán mxy Oaxaca Nochixtlán district southeast of Nochixtlán Santo Domingo Nuxaá San Andrés Nuxiño Santa Inés de Zaragoza Ojo de Agua Nuxaá El Oro La Herradura La Unión Zaragoza Reforma and La Paz 4 200 2000 INALI 180 monolinguals Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Mixteco de Santo Domingo Nuxaá Mixteco del Sureste de Nochixtlán Dialects San Andrés Nuxiño Mixtec Santa Inés de Zaragoza Mixtec Santo Domingo Nuxaá Mixtec 60 70 intelligibility of Peñoles Mixtec mil Understand little of San Miguel Piedras xtp or San Pedro Tidaá Mixtec mtx Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Amuzgo Mixtecan Mixtecan Mixtec Comments There are few Mixtec speakers left in Santa Inés Zaragoza More Information Mixtec Southern Puebla mit Puebla Acatlán Xayacatlán de Bravo San Jerónimo Xayacatlán and Petlalcingo municipalities Oaxaca Zapotitlán Palmas municipality 3 180 2010 INEGI 150 monolinguals 2010 Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Acatlán Mixtec Mixteco de la Frontera Puebla Oaxaca Mixteco del Sur de Puebla Xayacatlán de Bravo Dialects None known 87 intelligibility of Chazumba xtb 43 intelligibility of Cacaloxtepec miu and 21 intelligibility of Chigmecatitlán mii Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Amuzgo Mixtecan Mixtecan Mixtec More Information Mixtec Southwestern Tlaxiaco meh Oaxaca 7 340 2000 census 1 000 monolinguals Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Mixteco de Santiago Nuyoo Mixteco del suroeste de Tlaxiaco Nuyoo Mixtec Southeastern Ocotepec Mixtec Dialects Nuyoo Yucuhiti 54 intelligibility of Atatláhuca mib most similar Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Amuzgo Mixtecan Mixtecan Mixtec More Information Mixtec Soyaltepec vmq Oaxaca Teposcolula district San Bartolo Soyaltepec and Guadalupe Gabilera villages 220 2000 INALI Ethnic population 930 1990 census Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Mixteco de San Bartolo Soyaltepec Mixteco del noreste bajo Dialects None known 28 intelligibility of Tilantongo xtd 25 of Ñumí xtn 23 of Apoala mip Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Amuzgo Mixtecan Mixtecan Mixtec More Information Mixtec Tacahua xtt Oaxaca Tlaxiaco district east of Yosondúa southeast of San Miguel el Grande 390 2005 census 60 monolinguals Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Mixteco de Santa Cruz Tacahua Mixteco del sur medio Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Amuzgo Mixtecan Mixtecan Mixtec More Information Mixtec Tamazola vmx Oaxaca Nochixtlán San Juan Tamazola 1 400 2000 INALI 30 monolinguals Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Mixteco de San Juan Tamazola Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Amuzgo Mixtecan Mixtecan Mixtec More Information Mixtec Tezoatlán mxb Oaxaca Tezoatlán area southwest of Huajuapan south of Cacaloxtepec Yucuquimi de Ocampo San Andrés Yutatío Yucuñuti de Benito Juárez San Juan Diquiyú San Marcos de Garzón San Martín del Río Santa Catarina Yotandú San Isidro de Zaragoza and San Valentín de Gomez towns 5 080 2005 census 670 monolinguals Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Mixteco de Tezoatlán de Segura y Luna Dialects None known Those in each town speak a bit differently 70 80 intelligibility of Silacayoapan mks Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Amuzgo Mixtecan Mixtecan Mixtec Comments Christian traditional religion More Information Mixtec Tidaá mtx Oaxaca 380 2000 INALI 0 monolinguals Ethnic population 900 1990 census Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Mixteco de San Pedro Tidaá Mixteco de Tidaá North Central Nochixtlán Mixtec Dialects None known 60 intelligibility of Peñoles mil Eastern most similar Nuxaá is reportedly similar Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Amuzgo Mixtecan Mixtecan Mixtec More Information Mixtec Tijaltepec xtl Oaxaca southeast Tlaxiaco district San Pablo Tijaltepec and Santa María Yosoyúa towns 3 250 2005 census 420 monolinguals Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Mixteco de San Pablo Tijaltepec Mixteco de Santa María Yosoyúa Dialects None known 89 intelligibility of San Miguel el Grande mig and Yosondúa mpm 82 of San Mateo Peñasco 81 of Sinicahua xti and 66 of Teita xtj Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Amuzgo Mixtecan Mixtecan Mixtec Comments Some work outside in Veracruz or the United States More Information Mixtec Tlazoyaltepec mqh West central Oaxaca Santiago Tlazoyaltepec municipality Maneadero area of Baja California south of Ensenada 3 700 2000 INALI 1 000 monolinguals Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Mixteco bajo de Valles Mixteco de Santiago Tlazoyaltepec Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Amuzgo Mixtecan Mixtecan Mixtec More Information Mixtec Tututepec mtu Oaxaca San Pedro Tututepec Santa María Acatepec Santa Cruz Tututepec and other towns 1 020 2000 INALI Ethnic population 30 000 1990 census Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Mixteco de San Pedro Tututepec Mixteco de Villa de Tututepec Dialects Santa María Acatepec 61 intelligibility of Ixtayutla vmj most similar 50 of Pinotepa mio Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Amuzgo Mixtecan Mixtecan Mixtec More Information Mixtec Western Juxtlahuaca jmx Oaxaca San Martín Peras and Río Frijol Guerrero Santa Cruz Yucucani and San José Yoxocaño municipalities Malvabisco Rancho Limón Río Aguacate Boca de Mamey Oaxaca Guerrero border due west of Juxtlahuaca Baja California and Mexico San Quintin valley Maneadero Tijuana San Antonio de las Minas 20 000 in Mexico 2005 census Coicoyan Municipality 6 150 speakers 2005 San Martin Peras Municipality 10 000 speakers plus 2 000 in Santa Cruz Yucucani 2 000 in San José Yoxocaño 9 000 monolinguals 2005 census Coicoyan Municipality 3 520 monolinguals 2005 San Martin Peras Municipality 4 820 monolinguals Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Coicoyán Mixtec Mixteco del Oeste de Juxtlahuaca Dialects Coicoyán San Juan Piñas San Martín Peras 82 intelligibility of Metlatónoc mxv 80 of Silacayoapan mks 65 of Juxtlahuaca vmc 19 of Cuatzoquitengo 16 of Zacatepec mza Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Amuzgo Mixtecan Mixtecan Mixtec Comments Primary school in San Martín Many work in Culiacán during cold months Traditional religion Christian More Information Mixtec Yoloxóchitl xty Southeast Guerrero San Luís Acatlán municipality south of Tlapa halfway between Metlatónoc and Ayutla Mixtec Yoloxóchitl and Cuanacastitlán 10 600 2000 INALI Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Mixteco de Yoloxóchitl Dialects None known Metlatónoc mxv has 35 intelligibility of Yoloxóchitl and Ayutla miy has 30 Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Amuzgo Mixtecan Mixtecan Mixtec More Information Mixtec Yosondúa mpm Oaxaca 2 000 2010 SIL 60 monolinguals Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Mixteco de Santiago Yosondúa Southern Tlaxiaco Mixtec Dialects None known 70 intelligibility of San Miguel el Grande mig San Mateo Sindihui xts has 19 intelligibility of Yosondúa Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Amuzgo Mixtecan Mixtecan Mixtec More Information Mixtec Yucuañe mvg Oaxaca northeast Tlaxiaco district San Bartolomé Yucuañe Many work in Mexico City and the United States 710 2000 INALI 90 monolinguals Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Mixteco de San Bartolomé Yucuañe Mixteco del sureste central Dialects 87 intelligibility of San Cristóbal Amoltepec xtm 86 of Tijaltepec xtl 85 of Magdalena Peñasco xtm 64 of Teita xtj 60 of Nduaxico xtn Northern Tlaxiaco Mixtec 56 of Tlacotepec xtm 2 dialects in San Agustín Tlacotepec Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Amuzgo Mixtecan Mixtecan Mixtec More Information Mixtec Yutanduchi mab Oaxaca Nochixtlán district Yutanduchi de Guerrero 960 2000 INALI 8 monolinguals Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Mixteco de Yutanduchi Mixteco de Yutanduchi de Guerrero Southern Nochixtlan Mixtec Dialects None known 49 intelligibility of Estetla Eastern mil 48 of San Juan Tamazola vmx 20 of Yosondúa mpm and Soyaltepec vmq 18 36 of Peñoles mil 15 of Chalcatongo mig 13 of Tilantongo xtd Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Amuzgo Mixtecan Mixtecan Mixtec More Information Mocho mhc Chiapas on Guatemala Mexico border Tuzantán and Motozintla 140 2000 INALI 0 monolinguals Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Motocintleco Motozintleco Qato k Dialects Motozintleco Tuzanteco Muchu Not intelligible of Mam varieties 1973 SIL Tuzanteco and Mocho are 2 distinct dialects of the same language 1967 T Kaufman Classification Mayan Yucatecan Core Mayan Q anjob alan Chujean Q anjob alan More Information Nahuatl Central nhn Tlaxcala and Puebla 40 000 1980 census All Nahuatl variety speakers 1 380 000 1 000 monolinguals 1990 census Ethnic population 63 000 1986 Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Central Aztec Náhuatl del Centro Tlaxcala Puebla Nahuatl Classification Uto Aztecan Southern Uto Aztecan Corachol Aztecan Core Nahua Nahuatl More Information Nahuatl Central Huasteca nch Northeast Hidalgo Veracruz Llave Platon Sanchez area and border area west if Cototlan possibly some in San Louis Potosi 200 000 2000 census Status 5 Developing Classification Uto Aztecan Southern Uto Aztecan Corachol Aztecan Core Nahua Nahuatl More Information Nahuatl Central Puebla ncx Teopantlán Tepatlaxco de Hidalgo Tochimilco Atoyatempan Huatlathauca and Huehuetlán near Molcaxac south of Puebla city 16 000 1998 SIL 1 430 monolinguals Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Central Puebla Aztec Náhuatl del Suroeste de Puebla Southwestern Puebla Nahuatl Classification Uto Aztecan Southern Uto Aztecan Corachol Aztecan Core Nahua Nahuatl More Information Nahuatl Coatepec naz Mexico State Coatepec Costales Tlacultlapa Texcalco Tonalapa Maxela Machito de las Flores Chilacachapa Miacacsingo Los Sabinos and Acapetlahuaya all west of Iguala and Guerrero Strongest usage in Coatepec Costales and Chilacachapa 1 400 1990 census 15 monolinguals Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Coatepec Aztec Náhuatl de Coatepec Dialects None known 54 intelligibility of Santa Catarina nhm Morelos 48 of Atliaca ngu Guerrero 28 of Zongolica nlv Orizaba Classification Uto Aztecan Southern Uto Aztecan Corachol Aztecan Core Nahua Nahuatl More Information Nahuatl Eastern Durango azd Durango state Mezquital municipality San Pedro Jicora Agua Caliente Agua Fria and La Tinaja Nayarit state Del Nayer municipality 400 2011 SIL Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Eastern Durango Aztec Meshikan del este Mexicanero del este Nahuat del Este de Durango Dialects None known 85 intelligibility of Western Durango Nahuatl azn 76 of Michoacan Nahuatl ncl Classification Uto Aztecan Southern Uto Aztecan Corachol Aztecan Core Nahua Nahuatl Comments Traditional religion Christian More Information Nahuatl Eastern Huasteca nhe Veracruz Llave north interior west of Tuxpan Puebla far north Fransico Z Mena municipality northeast Hidalgo 1500 villages 410 000 1991 SIL Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Eastern Huasteca Aztec Náhuatl de Hidalgo Náhuatl de la Huasteca Oriental Dialects Southeastern Huasteca Nahuatl 85 intelligibility between Eastern and Western Huasteca Nahuatl nhv Classification Uto Aztecan Southern Uto Aztecan Corachol Aztecan Core Nahua Nahuatl More Information Nahuatl Guerrero ngu Tepecoacuilco de Trujano Huitzuco de los Figueroa Atenango del Río Copalillo Mártir de Cuilapan Zitlala Tixtla de Guerrero Mochitlán Quechultenango Chiulapa de Álvarez Ahuacuotzingo Olinalá Atlixtac Zapotitlan Tablas Ayutla de los Libres Cualác Huamuxtitlán Xochihuehuetlán Tlapa de Comonfort Alpoyeca Xalpatláhuac and Alcozauca de Guerrero municipalities Balsas river area 150 000 1998 SIL Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Guerrero Aztec Náhuatl de Guerrero Classification Uto Aztecan Southern Uto Aztecan Corachol Aztecan Core Nahua Nahuatl Comments Christian traditional religion More Information Nahuatl Highland Puebla azz Northeast Puebla near Jopala Veracruz Llave south of Entabladero 125 000 1983 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Mejicano de Zacapoaxtla Náhuat de la Sierra de Puebla Sierra Aztec Sierra Puebla Náhuatl Zacapoaxtla Náhuat Classification Uto Aztecan Southern Uto Aztecan Corachol Aztecan Core Nahua Nahuatl More Information Nahuatl Huaxcaleca nhq Veracruz Llave inland area surrounding Cordoba 7 000 1990 census 55 monolinguals Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Huaxcaleca Aztec Náhuatl de Chichiquila Dialects None known 87 intelligibility of Highland Puebla Nahuatl azz 85 of Orizaba Nahuatl nlv Classification Uto Aztecan Southern Uto Aztecan Corachol Aztecan Core Nahua Nahuatl More Information Nahuatl Isthmus Cosoleacaque nhk Veracruz Llave from Jáltipan de Morelos southeast to Rio Chiquito north bank other communities Cosoleacaque Oteapan Hidalgotitlán and Soconusco 5 140 1990 census 10 monolinguals Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Cosoleacaque Aztec Náhuatl del Istmo Cosoleacaque Dialects None known 84 intelligibility of Pajapan nhp 83 of Mecayapan nhx 46 of Xoteapan Cosoleacaque nhk No intelligibility of Pipil ppl of El Salvador Classification Uto Aztecan Southern Uto Aztecan Corachol Aztecan Core Nahua Nahuatl More Information Nahuatl Isthmus Mecayapan nhx South Veracruz Llave Mecayapan municipality Mecayapan and Tatahuicapan towns 20 000 1994 SIL Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Isthmus Aztec Mecayapan Náhuat de Mecayapan Dialects None known No intelligibility of Pipil ppl of El Salvador Classification Uto Aztecan Southern Uto Aztecan Corachol Aztecan Core Nahua Nahuatl More Information Nahuatl Isthmus Pajapan nhp Veracruz Llave south coast Gulf of Mexico Pajapan area also in San Juan Volador Santanón Sayultepec and Jicacal towns 7 000 1990 census 500 monolinguals Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Náhuat de Pajapan Dialects None known 83 intelligibility of Mecayapan Isthmus Nahuatl nhx 94 of Oteapan Cosoleacaque nhk Classification Uto Aztecan Southern Uto Aztecan Corachol Aztecan Core Nahua Nahuatl Comments People leave the area for better jobs or trade More Information Nahuatl Michoacán ncl Michoacán de Ocampo State Maruata Pómaro coastal settlement Pacific ocean 3 000 1990 census Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Mexicano Michoacan Aztec Nahual de Michoacán Classification Uto Aztecan Southern Uto Aztecan Corachol Aztecan Core Nahua Nahuatl More Information Nahuatl Morelos nhm Morelos Temixco municipality Cuentepec Miacatlán municipality Coatetelco Tepoztlán municipality Santa Catarina Tetela del Volcán municipality Hueyapan Alpanocan Puente de Ixtla municipality Xoxocotla Puebla Acteopan municipality San Marcos Acteopan and San Felipe Toctla 18 700 2000 census 300 monolinguals Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Náhuatl de Cuentepec Dialects None known 72 inherent intelligibility of Cuaohueyalta ncj Northern Puebla 69 of Atliaca ngu Guerrero 54 of Macuilocatl nhv Western Huasteca 40 of Yahualica nhe Eastern Huasteca 36 of Pómaro ncl Michoacán 34 of Tetelcingo nhg 27 of Chilac npl Southeast Puebla 19 of Tatóscac azz Highland Puebla 0 of Mecayapan nhx Isthmus Classification Uto Aztecan Southern Uto Aztecan Corachol Aztecan Core Nahua Nahuatl More Information Nahuatl Northern Oaxaca nhy Northwest Oaxaca near southeast Puebla Náhuatl Santa María Teopoxco San Antonio Nanahuatipan San Gabriel Casa Blanca Teotitlán del Camino San Martín Toxpalan Ignacio Zaragosa Apixtepec El Manzano de Mazatlán Cosolapa and Tesonapa 1 of the last 2 towns in Veracruz Puebla Coxcatlán 9 000 1990 census 1 400 monolinguals Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Náhuatl del Norte de Oaxaca Dialects None known 80 intelligibility of Orizaba Nahuatl nlv 76 of Southeast Puebla npl 75 of North Puebla ncj 48 of Tatóscac azz Classification Uto Aztecan Southern Uto Aztecan Corachol Aztecan Core Nahua Nahuatl More Information Nahuatl Northern Puebla ncj North Puebla Naupan 60 000 1990 census Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Náhuatl del Norte de Puebla North Puebla Aztec Classification Uto Aztecan Southern Uto Aztecan Corachol Aztecan Core Nahua Nahuatl More Information Nahuatl Ometepec nht South Guerrero Arcelia Acatepec Quetzalapa de Azoyú Rancho de Cuananchinicha and El Carmen Oaxaca Juxtlahuaca district Cruz Alta and San Vicente Piñas Putla district Concepción Guerrero 430 1990 census Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Ometepec Aztec Dialects None known May be 3 separate languages Classification Uto Aztecan Southern Uto Aztecan Corachol Aztecan Core Nahua Nahuatl More Information Nahuatl Orizaba nlv Veracruz Llave Orizaba area and south Puebla border area generally north of Miguel Aleman reservoir very small area in Oaxaca northwest of Acatlan 120 000 1991 SIL Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Náhuatl de la Sierra de Zongolica Orizaba Aztec Dialects Ixhuatlancillo Nahuatl 79 intelligibility of Nahuatl nhm Morelos most similar Classification Uto Aztecan Southern Uto Aztecan Corachol Aztecan Core Nahua Nahuatl Comments 1 secondary school More Information Nahuatl Santa María la Alta nhz Puebla Santa María la Alta Atenayuca a few northwest of Tehuacán 2 470 2000 9 monolinguals Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Náhuatl de Santa María la Alta Dialects None known 60 intelligibility of Pómaro ncl Michoacán 53 of Huatlatlauca Puebla 50 of Zautla azz Highland Puebla Chilac npl Southeastern Puebla 40 of Zongolica nlv Orizaba 33 of Mecayapan nhx Veracruz Isthmus 30 of Canoa Central Nahuatl nhn Classification Uto Aztecan Southern Uto Aztecan Corachol Aztecan Core Nahua Nahuatl More Information Nahuatl Sierra Negra nsu South Puebla 13 towns 25 000 2006 SIL 16 000 monolinguals Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Náhuatl de la Sierra Negra Dialects Coyomeapan Zoquitlan Reportedly most similar to Southeastern Puebla Nahuatl npl next most similar to Nahuatl nhm Morelos Classification Uto Aztecan Southern Uto Aztecan Corachol Aztecan Core Nahua Nahuatl More Information Nahuatl Southeastern Puebla npl Southeast Puebla Tehuacán region Chilac and San Sebastián Zinacatepec areas 92 000 1991 SIL Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Náhuatl del Sureste de Puebla Tehuacán Náhuatl Dialects None known Reportedly most similar to Sierra Negra Nahuatl nsu Approximately 60 intelligibility of Morelos Nahuatl nhm Classification Uto Aztecan Southern Uto Aztecan Corachol Aztecan Core Nahua Nahuatl More Information Nahuatl Tabasco nhc Tabasco Comalcalco municipality Paso de Cupilco and La Lagartera 30 2014 M Hansen Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Tabasco Aztec Classification Uto Aztecan Southern Uto Aztecan Corachol Aztecan Core Nahua Nahuatl More Information Nahuatl Temascaltepec nhv México State San Mateo Almomoloa Santa Ana La Comunidad and Potrero de San José southwest of Toluca 310 1990 census Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Almomoloya Náhuatl Temascaltepec Aztec Dialects None known 53 intelligibility of Coatepec Guerrero ngu 45 of Pómaro Michoacán ncl 40 of Santa Catarina Morelos nhm 10 of Tlaxpanaloya Puebla ncj Classification Uto Aztecan Southern Uto Aztecan Corachol Aztecan Core Nahua Nahuatl More Information Nahuatl Tetelcingo nhg Morelos Tetelcingo 3 500 1990 census Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Tetelcingo Aztec Dialects None known Distinct from Morelos Nahuatl nhm Classification Uto Aztecan Southern Uto Aztecan Corachol Aztecan Core Nahua Nahuatl More Information Nahuatl Tlamacazapa nuz Western Morelos west of Tequesquitengo lake Guerrero small border area northeast of Taxco 1 550 1990 census 10 monolinguals Status 6b Threatened Dialects None known Different from Morelos Nahuatl nhm Guerrero Nahuatl ngu 79 intelligibility of Guerrero Classification Uto Aztecan Southern Uto Aztecan Corachol Aztecan Core Nahua Nahuatl More Information Nahuatl Western Durango azn Durango Mezquital municipality San Agustin de Buenaventura Curachitos de Buenavista San Diego Tepetates II Berenjenas Alacranes and Tepalcates Nayarit Acaponeta municipality Santa Cruz La Laguna Mesa de las Arpas and El Duraznito 900 2011 SIL Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Meshikan del occidente Mexicanero del occidente Nahuat del Occidente en Durango y Nayarit Western Durango Aztec Dialects None known 85 intelligibility of Eastern Durango Nahuatl azd 76 of Michoacan Nahuatl ncl Classification Uto Aztecan Southern Uto Aztecan Corachol Aztecan Core Nahua Nahuatl Comments Traditional religion Christian More Information Nahuatl Western Huasteca nhw Southern San Luis Potosí Tamazunchale center Hidalgo portions of San Felipe Orizatlan Tlanchinol Lolotla Tepehuacan de Gerrero Chapulhuacan and Pisaflores municipalities 1 500 villages 400 000 1991 SIL Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Náhuatl de la Huasteca Occidental Náhuatl de Tamazunchale Western Huasteca Aztec Dialects Western Huasteca Náhuatl 85 intelligibility between Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl nhe and Western Huasteca Nahuatl Classification Uto Aztecan Southern Uto Aztecan Corachol Aztecan Core Nahua Nahuatl More Information Nahuatl Zacatlán Ahuacatlán Tepetzintla nhi Zacatlán north of Puebla City San Miguel Tenango Xonotla Zoquitla Yehuala Cuacuilco Cuacuila Tetelatzingo and Tlalitzlipa Ahuacatlán Cualtepec and Ixquihuacán Tepetzintla Xochitlasco Tenantitla Chachayohquila and Santa Catarina Omitlán 17 100 2007 SIL Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Ahuacatlán and Tepetzintla Ahuacatlán y Tepetzintla Aztec of Zacatlán Náhuatl de Zacatlán Tenango Nahuatl Dialects Tlalitzlipa Nahuatl Zacatlán Ahuacatlán Tepetzintla Nahuatl Reportedly most similar to Southeastern Puebla Nahuatl npl 50 60 intelligibility of Sierra Negra Nahuatl nsu and Northern Puebla Nahuatl ncj 80 90 of Southeastern Puebla Nahuatl npl 80 of Orizaba Nahuatl nlv The Tlalitzlipa dialect 77 inherent intelligibility of Tlaxpanaloya ncj Northern Puebla 58 of Macuilocatl nhw Western Huasteca Nahuatl 41 of Tatóscac azz Highland Puebla Classification Uto Aztecan Southern Uto Aztecan Corachol Aztecan Core Nahua Nahuatl Comments Christian More Information Opata opt Sonora Nacori Bacanora Suaqui Sahuaripa Arivechi and Onavas Tecoripa is the traditional area No known L1 speakers Last speakers previously reportedly died about 1930 Considered extinct but 1990 census lists 12 speakers Adelaar 2007 Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Eudeve Classification Uto Aztecan Southern Uto Aztecan Taracahitic Opatan More Information Otomi Eastern Highland otm Otomi Tepehua Otomi de la Sierra Baja Hidalgo Huehuetla and San Bartolo Tutotepec municipalities Veracruz Llave Ixhuatlan de Madero and Tlachichilco municipalities Puebla Pantepec Tlaxco Tlacuilotepec and Pahuatlan municipalities 49 300 2007 4 700 monolinguals Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Eastern Otomi Otomí de Huehuetla Otomí de la Sierra Otomi de la Sierra Madre Oriental Otomi de la Sierra Oriental Otomí del Oriente Sierra Oriental Otomi Yuhu Dialects None known 81 intelligibility of Tenango otn most similar 51 of Mezquital ote 70 79 of Texcatepec otx Classification Otomanguean Western Otomanguean Oto Pame Chinantecan Oto Pamean Otomi Comments Traditional religion Christian More Information Otomi Estado de México ots México State Chapa de Mota San Bartolo Morelos San Felipe Santiago and Santa Clara de Juarez 20 000 2010 SIL 440 monolinguals Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Hñatho Otomí de San Felipe Santiago Otomí del Estado de México State of Mexico Otomi Dialects San Felipe Santiago Otomí 73 intelligibility of Mezquital Otomi ote most similar Classification Otomanguean Western Otomanguean Oto Pame Chinantecan Oto Pamean Otomi Comments Traditional religion Christian More Information Otomi Ixtenco otz Tlaxcala El Carmen Tequexquitla municipality dialect San Juan Bautista Ixtenco Puebla Heroica Puebla de Zaragoza Tepeaca and Teptlaxco municipalities 460 2000 INALI 0 monolinguals Ethnic population 5 360 1990 census Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Otomí de Ixtenco Southeastern Otomí Dialects None known 41 intelligibility of Estado De México Otomi ots most similar 23 of Mezquital ote and Eastern Highland Otomi otm 22 of Tenango Otomi otn Classification Otomanguean Western Otomanguean Oto Pame Chinantecan Oto Pamean Otomi More Information Otomi Mezquital ote Hidalgo Mezquital valley northern border State of México 100 000 in Mexico 1990 census Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Hñahñu Otomí del Valle del Mezquital Classification Otomanguean Western Otomanguean Oto Pame Chinantecan Oto Pamean Otomi Comments Traditional religion Christian More Information Otomi Querétaro otq Queretaro de Arteaga Amealco municipalilty San Ildefonso and Santiago Mexquititlán Michoacán de Ocampo Las Delores area México Acambay municipality southeast Guanajuato small border area 33 000 1990 census 1 900 monolinguals 1990 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Hñohño Northwestern Otomi Otomí de Querétaro Western Otomi Dialects None known 78 intelligibility of Mezquital ote most similar lower in outlying areas Classification Otomanguean Western Otomanguean Oto Pame Chinantecan Oto Pamean Otomi Comments Traditional religion Christian More Information Otomi Temoaya ott México State Temoyaya municipality San Pedro Arriba San Pedro Abajo Enthavi Solalpan and Jiquipilco el Viejo 16 communities 37 000 1990 census 850 monolinguals Status 7 Shifting Classification Otomanguean Western Otomanguean Oto Pame Chinantecan Oto Pamean Otomi Comments Christian More Information Otomi Tenango otn Hidalgo Puebla and San Nicolás 10 000 1990 census 2 200 monolinguals 1990 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Otomí de Tenango Dialects None known 53 intelligibility of Eastern Highland Otomi otm most similar Classification Otomanguean Western Otomanguean Oto Pame Chinantecan Oto Pamean Otomi More Information Otomi Texcatepec otx Northwest Veracruz Llave Texcatepec municipality Texcatepec Ayotuxtla and Tzicatlán Zontecomatlán municipality Hueytepec and Amajac 12 000 1990 census 3 000 monolinguals 25 of monolinguals are 5 to 9 years old Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Northeastern Otomí Otomí de Texcatepec Dialects None known 70 79 intelligibility of Eastern Otomi otm 57 of Ixmiquilpan 44 of Tolimán Queretaro otq 40 of San Felipe pow 20 of Ixtenco otz Classification Otomanguean Western Otomanguean Oto Pame Chinantecan Oto Pamean Otomi Comments Christian traditional religion More Information Otomi Tilapa otl México State Santiago Tilapa between Mexico City and Toluca 400 1990 census Status 8a Moribund Classification Otomanguean Western Otomanguean Oto Pame Chinantecan Oto Pamean Otomi More Information Paipai ppi Santa Catarina Los Pocitos in Valle de la Trinidad Estado Valle de la Trinidad Rancho Aguascalientes and La Palmita Baja California Norte Ensenada south of the Diegueño dih language area 100 Golla 2007 Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Akwa ala Classification Cochimí Yuman Yuman Pai More Information Pame Central pbs Northeast Queretaro de Arteaga El Madrono area San Luis Potosí Santa María Acapulco Lagunillas and Santa Catarina 4 350 1990 census There are monolingual Pame speaking children in about 30 villages Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Chichimeca Pame de Santa María Acapulco Pame del Centro Southern Pame Xi oi Classification Otomanguean Western Otomanguean Oto Pame Chinantecan Oto Pamean Pame More Information Pame Northern pmq San Luis Potosí Ciudad del Maíz Alaquines Tamasopo and Rayón municipalities 5 620 2000 Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Pame del Norte Xi iuy Dialects 10 15 intelligibility of Santa María Acapulco Central Pame pbs Subdialects include Agua Puerca and Cuesta Blanca Classification Otomanguean Western Otomanguean Oto Pame Chinantecan Oto Pamean Pame More Information Pame Southern pmz State of México Jiliapan area possibly in Hidalgo as well No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Classification Otomanguean Western Otomanguean Oto Pame Chinantecan Oto Pamean Pame More Information Pima Bajo pia Central Sonora Chihuahua border scattered 650 2000 INALI Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Lower Piman Mountain Pima Névome Dialects Chihuahua Pima Bajo Lower Piman Pima del este Pima del norte Pima del sur Sonora Pima Bajo Lexical similarity 85 with Pima ood Tohono O odham of the United States and Northern Tepehuan ntp Classification Uto Aztecan Southern Uto Aztecan Pimic More Information Plautdietsch pdt Chihuahua Cuauhtemoc Virginias Buenos Aires and Capulín Durango Nuevo Ideal and Canatlán Campeche Chávez Progreso and Yalnon Zacatecas La Honda and La Batea 40 000 in Mexico 1996 Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Low German Mennonite German Classification Indo European Germanic West Low Saxon Low Franconian Low Saxon Comments Christian More Information Popoloca Coyotepec pbf Puebla west of Tehuacán City east of Ahuatempan Coyotepec and San Mateo 500 1990 census Ethnic population 7 000 Status 7 Shifting Dialects San Mateo Zoyamazalco Popoloca San Vicente Coyotepec Popoloca 41 intelligibility of Otlaltepec pow 23 of Atzingo poe 15 of Tlacoyalco Northern Popoloca pls San Mateo dialect may be a separate language Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Popolocan Zapotecan Popolocan Popoloca More Information Popoloca Mezontla pbe Puebla southwest of Tehuacan city 1 town into north Oaxaca small border area 2 000 1993 SIL Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Los Reyes Metzontla Popoloca Southern Popoloca Dialects None known 52 intelligibility of Atzingo Popoloca poe 35 of Tlacoyalco Northern Popoloca pls 11 of Otlaltepec pow Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Popolocan Zapotecan Popolocan Popoloca More Information Popoloca San Felipe Otlaltepec pow Puebla San Felipe Otlaltepec Santa María Nativitas and Huejonapan towns 3 000 2000 SIL 50 monolinguals Ethnic population 6 590 Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Popoloca de San Felipe Otlaltepec Popoloca del Poniente Western Popoloca Dialects Huejonapan Santa María Nativitas Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Popolocan Zapotecan Popolocan Popoloca Comments People leave the area for schooling and jobs More Information Popoloca San Juan Atzingo poe Puebla San Juan Atzingo 5 000 1991 SIL 500 monolinguals Most women over 60 functionally monolingual Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Atzingo Popoloca Eastern Popoloca Ngigua Popoloca de San Juan Atzingo Popoloca del Oriente Southern Popoloca Dialects None known 76 intelligibility of Metzontla Popoloca pbe most simlar 26 of San Felipe Popoloca pow Classification Otomanguean Eastern Otomanguean Popolocan Zapotecan Popolocan Popoloca More Information Popoloca San Luís Temalacayuca pps Puebla San Luís Temalacayuca 4 730 1994 SIL Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Popoloca de San Luis Temalacayuca Dialects None known San Luís has 84 intelligibility of San Marcos pls 22 of Atzingo poe 8 of Otlaltepec pow Classification Otomanguean

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