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  • Mexico - Status | Ethnologue
    900 mostly monolingual 1 930 monolinguals Me phaa Acatepec tpx 6a Vigorous 40 200 2005 INALI 15 000 monolinguals Mixe Tlahuitoltepec mxp 6a Vigorous 5 000 1991 SIL Mixtec Alcozauca xta 6a Vigorous 10 000 1994 SIL 4 000 monolinguals Mixtec Atatláhuca mib 6a Vigorous 8 300 1995 census 440 monolinguals Mixtec Ayutla miy 6a Vigorous 11 500 2000 INALI 3 000 monolinguals Mixtec Chigmecatitlán mii 6a Vigorous 1 350 2010 INEGI 160 monolinguals 2010 INEGI Mixtec Huitepec mxs 6a Vigorous 2 400 2000 INALI 200 monolinguals Mixtec Ixtayutla vmj 6a Vigorous 6 380 2000 INALI 3 800 monolinguals 2005 census Mixtec Jamiltepec mxt 6a Vigorous 9 760 2000 INALI 1 300 monolinguals Mixtec Juxtlahuaca vmc 6a Vigorous 16 000 1990 census 5 500 monolinguals Mixtec Metlatónoc mxv 6a Vigorous 46 600 2000 Many monolinguals Mixtec Mitlatongo vmm 6a Vigorous 1 800 2011 SIL Mixtec Mixtepec mix 6a Vigorous 9 170 in Mexico 2000 INALI 2 500 3 000 located in Tlaxiaco district head 2 600 monolinguals 1990 census Mixtec Northwest Oaxaca mxa 6a Vigorous 5 430 2000 INALI 1 000 monolinguals Mixtec Ocotepec mie 6a Vigorous 6 170 2000 INALI 600 monolinguals Mixtec Pinotepa Nacional mio 6a Vigorous 20 000 1990 census 2 200 monolinguals Mixtec San Juan Teita xtj 6a Vigorous 330 2000 INALI 35 monolinguals Mixtec Santa María Zacatepec mza 6a Vigorous 2 570 2005 census 510 monolinguals Mixtec Sinicahua xti 6a Vigorous 1 110 2005 census 150 monolinguals Mixtec Tijaltepec xtl 6a Vigorous 3 250 2005 census 420 monolinguals Mixtec Tlazoyaltepec mqh 6a Vigorous 3 700 2000 INALI 1 000 monolinguals Mixtec Western Juxtlahuaca jmx 6a Vigorous 20 000 in Mexico 2005 census Coicoyan Municipality 6 150 speakers 2005 San Martin Peras Municipality 10 000 speakers plus 2 000 in Santa Cruz Yucucani 2 000 in San José Yoxocaño 9 000 monolinguals 2005 census Coicoyan Municipality 3 520 monolinguals 2005 San Martin Peras Municipality 4 820 monolinguals Mixtec Yutanduchi mab 6a Vigorous 960 2000 INALI 8 monolinguals Nahuatl Guerrero ngu 6a Vigorous 150 000 1998 SIL Nahuatl Morelos nhm 6a Vigorous 18 700 2000 census 300 monolinguals Nahuatl Northern Puebla ncj 6a Vigorous 60 000 1990 census Nahuatl Orizaba nlv 6a Vigorous 120 000 1991 SIL Nahuatl Sierra Negra nsu 6a Vigorous 25 000 2006 SIL 16 000 monolinguals Otomi Texcatepec otx 6a Vigorous 12 000 1990 census 3 000 monolinguals 25 of monolinguals are 5 to 9 years old Pame Central pbs 6a Vigorous 4 350 1990 census There are monolingual Pame speaking children in about 30 villages Pame Northern pmq 6a Vigorous 5 620 2000 Pima Bajo pia 6a Vigorous 650 2000 INALI Popoloca San Luís Temalacayuca pps 6a Vigorous 4 730 1994 SIL Popoloca San Marcos Tlacoyalco pls 6a Vigorous 8 440 2000 INALI Seri sei 6a Vigorous 900 2007 SIL Tepehua Huehuetla tee 6a Vigorous 3 000 1982 SIL Tepehua Pisaflores tpp 6a Vigorous 4 000 1990 census Tepehuan Southwestern tla 6a Vigorous 8 700 2005 census Totonac Filomena Mata Coahuitlán tlp 6a Vigorous 15 100 2000 Triqui Chicahuaxtla trs 6a Vigorous 4 060 Adelaar 2007 Yucatec Maya Sign Language msd 6a Vigorous 100 monolingual in deaf population L2 users 400 1999 H Smith 17 deaf people out of a village of 720 approximately 2 4 in Chican the primary location for which information is available Escobedo 2012 Zeshan et al 2013 Numbers elsewhere unknown Zapotec Aloápam zaq 6a Vigorous 3 400 2000 census Zapotec Coatecas Altas zca 6a Vigorous 4 880 2005 census 100 monolinguals Zapotec Güilá ztu 6a Vigorous 9 500 1990 census 2 300 monolinguals Zapotec Lapaguía Guivini ztl 6a Vigorous 4 200 1983 SIL Zapotec Loxicha ztp 6a Vigorous 75 000 2000 census 22 500 monolinguals 2005 census Zapotec Mazaltepec zpy 6a Vigorous 2 200 1990 census 25 monolinguals Zapotec Ocotlán zac 6a Vigorous 15 000 1993 SIL Zapotec Quiavicuzas zpj 6a Vigorous 4 000 1990 census 180 monolinguals Zapotec San Vicente Coatlán zpt 6a Vigorous 3 380 2005 census 340 monolinguals Zapotec Santa Inés Yatzechi zpn 6a Vigorous 2 240 1990 census 180 monolinguals Zapotec Sierra de Juárez zaa 6a Vigorous 4 000 1990 census 150 monolinguals Zapotec Tabaa zat 6a Vigorous 2 000 1992 SIL Zapotec Tilquiapan zts 6a Vigorous 5 000 2007 SIL 900 monolinguals Zapotec Xanaguía ztg 6a Vigorous 2 500 1990 census 880 monolinguals Mainly older women Zapotec Yareni zae 6a Vigorous 2 900 2000 census Zoque Copainalá zoc 6a Vigorous 10 000 1990 census Zoque Francisco León zos 6a Vigorous 20 000 1990 census 6b Threatened Amuzgo San Pedro Amuzgos azg 6b Threatened 3 480 2000 INALI Chatino Eastern Highland cly 6b Threatened 1 800 2000 INALI Chatino Tataltepec cta 6b Threatened 2 640 2000 INALI 470 monolinguals Chinantec Ozumacín chz 6b Threatened 3 140 2000 INALI 260 monolinguals 1990 census Chinantec Tepetotutla cnt 6b Threatened 1 850 2000 INALI Chontal Highland Oaxaca chd 6b Threatened 2 420 2000 INALI Chuj cac 6b Threatened 1 770 in Mexico 2000 INALI Cuicatec Teutila cut 6b Threatened 3 140 2000 INALI 260 monolinguals Kickapoo kic 6b Threatened 110 in Mexico 2000 INALI Mazatec Chiquihuitlán maq 6b Threatened 1 500 2000 INALI 340 monolinguals Mixe Quetzaltepec pxm 6b Threatened 8 090 2000 INALI Mixtec Amoltepec mbz 6b Threatened 5 630 2000 INALI 500 monolinguals 2005 census Ethnic population 12 000 Mixtec Apasco Apoala mip 6b Threatened 10 000 1990 SIL 1 000 monolinguals 1990 Mixtec Cacaloxtepec miu 6b Threatened 460 2005 census 100 monolinguals Ethnic population 1 250 Mixtec Chayuco mih 6b Threatened 10 000 1990 SIL 950 monolinguals Mixtec Cuyamecalco xtu 6b Threatened 1 880 2000 INALI 70 monolinguals in San Miguel Mixtec Diuxi Tilantongo xtd 6b Threatened 3 410 2000 INALI decreasing In rapid decline due to migration to the United States 150 monolinguals Mixtec San Miguel el Grande mig 6b Threatened 6 000 2005 census 330 monolinguals Mixtec Santa Lucía Monteverde mdv 6b Threatened 5 430 2000 INALI 480 monolinguals Mostly in Agua del Toro and Ocotlán Ethnic population 6 000 1995

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/MX/status (2016-02-13)
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  • Montserrat - Languages | Ethnologue
    language as in Montserrat a continuum forms of variations between the Creole and the lexifier language In such situations a continuum forms of variations between the Creole and the acrolect It is therefore difficult to substantiate the number of Creole speakers and English speakers More Information Montserrat Creole English aig 7 570 in Montserrat 2001 Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Leeward Caribbean Creole English Classification Creole English based Atlantic Eastern Southern Comments There is a continuum of variation from basilectal Creole to acrolectal English of the educated Many left the island after Soufriere Hills volcano eruption on 18 July 1995 More Information Language Status Profile Click to enlarge with explanation Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print Edition 17th Edition 16th Edition 15th Edition 14th Edition 13th Edition Related Sites SIL org ScriptSource ISO 639 3 Contact SIL International Publications 7500 West Camp Wisdom Road Dallas TX 75236 5629 USA publications intl sil org T

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/MS/languages (2016-02-13)
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  • Montserrat - Status | Ethnologue
    a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print Edition 17th Edition 16th Edition 15th Edition 14th Edition 13th Edition Related Sites SIL org ScriptSource ISO 639 3 Contact SIL International

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/MS/status (2016-02-13)
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  • Nicaragua - Languages | Ethnologue
    000 in Nicaragua 1993 census Population total all countries 183 000 Ethnic population 154 000 1993 Status 2 Provincial Statutory provincial language in northern southern Atlantic regions 1993 Atlantic Coast Languages Act Article 4 Alternate Names Marquito Mískitu Miskuto Mísquito Mosquito Dialects Baymuna Baldam Baymunana Cabo Kabo Honduran Mískito Mam Tawira Tauira Wanki Wangki Reportedly most similar to Mayangna yan Wanki dialect spoken in Puerto Cabeza area other dialects in settlements southwest Classification Misumalpan Comments Educational materials in Wanki Christian More Information Nicaragua Creole English bzk Atlántico Norte and Atlántico Sur autonomous regions Bluefields region Rama Cay island Pearl lagoon Prinzapolka Puerto Cabezas and Corn islands 30 000 2001 SIL 630 Rama Cay Creole speakers Holm 1989 L2 users L1 of Creole people and most Garifuna Status 3 Wider communication Statutory language of provincial identity in northern and southern areas 1993 Atlantic Coast Languages Act No 162 Article 4 Alternate Names Mískito Coast Creole English Dialects Bluefields Creole English Rama Cay Creole English Classification Creole English based Atlantic Western Comments There is a continuum of variation from basilectal Creole to acrolectal English of the educated More Information Nicaraguan Sign Language ncs Scattered especially Managua 3 000 1997 ANSNIC Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Idioma de Señas de Nicaragua Dialects None known Unrelated to El Salvadoran esn Costa Rican csr or other sign languages Classification Deaf sign language Comments There was no strong Nicaraguan deaf community until the late 1970s when Nicaraguan Sign Language emerged among deaf children from the increased focus on deaf education and the establishment of deaf schools More Information Rama rma Atlántico Sur Autonomous Region Rama Cay 30 mile radius 24 1989 J Holm Ethnic population 900 2000 C Grinevald Status 8b Nearly extinct Statutory language of national identity 1993 Atlantic Coast Languages Act No 162 Article

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/NI/languages (2016-02-13)
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  • Nicaragua - Status | Ethnologue
    Statutory provincial language in northern southern Atlantic regions 1993 Atlantic Coast Languages Act Article 4 154 000 in Nicaragua 1993 census Population total all countries 183 000 Ethnic population 154 000 1993 3 Wider communication Nicaragua Creole English bzk 3 Wider communication Statutory language of provincial identity in northern and southern areas 1993 Atlantic Coast Languages Act No 162 Article 4 30 000 2001 SIL 630 Rama Cay Creole speakers Holm 1989 L2 users L1 of Creole people and most Garifuna 5 Developing Nicaraguan Sign Language ncs 5 Developing 3 000 1997 ANSNIC 6b Threatened Ulwa ulw 6b Threatened 350 2009 J Mejia 8a Moribund Garifuna cab 8a Moribund Statutory language of provincial identity in northern southern coasts 1993 Atlantic Coast Languages Act No 162 Article 4 A few in Nicaragua 2001 E Velásquez Ethnic population 1 500 1982 8b Nearly extinct Rama rma 8b Nearly extinct Statutory language of national identity 1993 Atlantic Coast Languages Act No 162 Article 4 24 1989 J Holm Ethnic population 900 2000 C Grinevald 9 Dormant Mangue mom 9 Dormant No known L1 speakers Ethnic population 10 000 1981 MARC Matagalpa mtn 9 Dormant No known L1 speakers Ethnic population 18 000 1981 MARC Subtiaba sut 9 Dormant No known L1 speakers Ethnic population 5 000 1981 MARC Language Status Profile Click to enlarge with explanation Ethnologue Products Languages of Nicaragua An Ethnologue Country Report 23 pp 9 95 Language Map of Nicaragua License for single academic use of a high resolution watermark free map 24 95 Browse all products Amazon Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/NI/status (2016-02-13)
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  • Panama - Languages | Ethnologue
    B Eastern Chibchan Cuna More Information Kuna San Blas cuk East San Blas Province Panama Province north Chepo district Emberá Province Cemarco and Sambu districts Darien Province San Miguel Gulf area Colon Province Santa Isabel districts 57 100 2000 10 000 in Panama City Colón and on banana plantations 1991 SIL Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Cuna San Blas Cuna Dialects Bayano Alto Bayano Maje Chuana Classification Chibchan Chibchan B Eastern Chibchan Cuna Comments Christian More Information Ngäbere gym Mainly Ngobe Bugle Province western Veraguas Province Bocas del Toro Province Bocas del Toro and Changuinola districts western districts Chiriquí Province Tole district in east 169 000 in Panama 2000 census Population total all countries 174 100 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Chiriqui Guaymí Ngobere Valiente Dialects Eastern Guaymí Chiriquí Tolé Valiente Classification Chibchan Chibchan A Guaymiíc Comments Ethnic autonym Ngäbe More Information Panamanian Creole English jam Colón Colon district and Bocas del Toro Colon island provinces Panama Province Rio Abajo in Panama City 268 000 in Panama 2000 Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Southwestern Caribbean Creole English Classification Creole English based Atlantic Western Comments Ancestors came from Barbados and Jamaica in mid 19th century to work in fruit plantations and later to build the railway and canal Influences from both eastern and western Caribbean Creole English More Information Panamanian Sign Language lsp Scattered Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Lengua de señas panameñas Classification Deaf sign language Comments Deaf people in the Chiriqui province of Panama assert that their sign variety Lengua de Señas de Chiriquí LSCH Chiriqui Sign Language is distinct from Panamanian Sign Language as used predominantly in the Panama Colon corridor They are currently working on creating their own sign language dictionary More Information San Miguel Creole French scf Veraguas Province 3 1999 SIL Status 8b Nearly extinct

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/PA/languages (2016-02-13)
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  • Panama - Status | Ethnologue
    2000 10 000 in Panama City Colón and on banana plantations 1991 SIL Ngäbere gym 5 Developing 169 000 in Panama 2000 census Population total all countries 174 100 Teribe tfr 5 Developing 3 300 in Panama Adelaar 2007 Woun Meu noa 5 Developing 6 800 in Panama Adelaar 2007 Many monolinguals Adelaar 2007 6a Vigorous Chinese Hakka hak 6a Vigorous 6 000 in Panama 1981 MARC Ethnic population 30 000 1981 MARC Includes Cantonese yue Panamanian Creole English jam 6a Vigorous 268 000 in Panama 2000 Panamanian Sign Language lsp 6a Vigorous 6b Threatened Emberá Catío cto 6b Threatened 40 in Panama 1982 SIL 8b Nearly extinct San Miguel Creole French scf 8b Nearly extinct 3 1999 SIL Language Status Profile Click to enlarge with explanation Ethnologue Products Languages of Panama An Ethnologue Country Report 24 pp 9 95 Language Map of Panama License for single academic use of a high resolution watermark free map 24 95 Browse all products Amazon Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/PA/status (2016-02-13)
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  • Paraguay - Languages | Ethnologue
    300 2002 census Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Ka yngua Mbua Mbyá Mbya apytere Classification Tupian Tupí Guaraní Guaraní Guaraní Comments Some Chiripá may live among them Special vocabulary ayvu porã used for ritual purposes Traditional religion Christian More Information Guaraní Paraguayan gug Widespread 4 650 000 in Paraguay 1995 decreasing Population total all countries 4 850 000 2 500 000 monolinguals 2002 census Status 1 National Statutory national language 2010 No 4251 Language Law Article 3 Alternate Names Avañe e Dialects Jopará Yopará One Chiripá speaker nhd indicated it was bilingualism rather than linguistic closeness that made Paraguayan Guaraní intelligible to him Jopará is the colloquial form mixed with Spanish spa loanwords used by 90 of the population in Asunción area Lexical similarity 80 with Chiriguano gui 75 with Mbyá gun A member of macrolanguage Guarani grn Classification Tupian Tupí Guaraní Guaraní Guaraní Comments Christian Roman Catholic Christian Protestant More Information Guarayo gui Boqueron Department Macharetti Santa Teresita Guaraní Occidental Santa Teresita Manjui Yvopey Barrio Guaraní San Agustín and Guaraní Occidental San Pedro Department Palomita Concepcion Department 2 530 in Paraguay 2007 R Perik decreasing Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Chawuncu pej Chiriguano pej Eastern Bolivian Guaraní Guaraní Occidental Guasurango Classification Tupian Tupí Guaraní Guaraní Guaraní Bolivian Guaraní Comments Different from Guarayo gyr of Bolivia or Huarayo Ese Ejja ese of Peru and Bolivia More Information Maka mca Paraguai river northeast of Asuncion Central Department Comunidad Maka Corumba Kue Presidente Hayes Department Villa Hayes and Kenkukek Cordillera and San Pedro departments possibly in Itapua Department Ita Paso Alto Parana Department Micro Centro 1 500 2000 A Chemhey 600 monolinguals Ethnic population 1 500 2000 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Enimaca Enimaga Maca Macá Maká Mak á Towolhi Classification Matacoan Comments Christian More Information Manjui crq Boqueron Department Santa Rosa and Colonia 22 Mcal Estigarribia Pedro P Pena Campo Loa Platanilia Yakaquash Filadelfia and Neuland 650 in Paraguay 2011 J Hunt 480 monolinguals Status 4 Educational Alternate Names Chorote Choroti Inkijwas I no Manjuy Dialects Choroti Chorote Yofuáha Yowúwa Classification Matacoan Chorote Comments Paraguayan speakers do not recognize the Argentinian name Iyo wujwa Chorote Traditional religion Christian More Information Ñandeva tpj Boqueron Department Toledo area Alto Paraguay Department northwest some in Presidente Hayes Department dialects Barrio Obrero Colonia 5 Laguna Negra Belén Laguna Negra Canaán Laguna Negra Damasco Laguna Negra Emaús Laguna Negra Jerusalén Laguna Negra Ko Pyahu Laguna Negra Timoteo Pykasu Santa Teresita Santa Elena Santa Teresita San Lázaro Santa Teresita Virgen del Carmen Ñu Guasu Mariscal Estigarribia and Siracua 110 in Paraguay Crevels 2007 decreasing Population total all countries 360 Ethnic population 1 830 Crevels 2007 Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Guasurango Guasurangue Ñanagua Nandeva Tapiete Tirumbae Yanaigua Dialects None known Linguistically between Eastern Bolivian Guarani gui and Paraguayan Guaraní gug Classification Tupian Tupí Guaraní Guaraní Guaraní Comments Traditional religion Christian More Information Nivaclé cag Chaco region southeast Boqueron and western Presidente Hayes departments 13 700 in Paraguay 2007 R Perik Population total all countries 13 920 Status

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/PY/languages (2016-02-13)
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