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  • English | Ethnologue
    language of commerce education government Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use View other languages of Fiji Gambia Language name English Population 1 000 in The Gambia 2004 Status 1 National De facto national language Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use View other languages of Gambia Ghana Language name English Population L2 users 1 000 000 in Ghana Voegelin 1977 Status 1 National De facto national language Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use View other languages of Ghana Gibraltar Language name English Population 28 000 in Gibraltar Crystal 2003 L2 users 2 000 in Gibraltar Crystal 2003 Status 1 National De facto national language Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use View other languages of Gibraltar Grenada Language name English Population 750 in Grenada 2004 Dialects Grenadian English Status 1 National De facto national language Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use Other Comments When Creole languages exist alongside their lexifier language as in Grenada a continuum forms of variations between the Creole and the lexifier language In such situations a continuum forms of variations between the Creole and the acrolect It is therefore difficult to substantiate the number of Creole speakers and English speakers Post creole English with French Creole influences Alleyne 1985 View other languages of Grenada Guam Language name English Population 58 000 in Guam Crystal 2003 L2 users 100 000 in Guam Crystal 2003 Status 1 National Statutory national language 1974 Guam Code Annotated Chapter 7 Section 706 amended dominates in administration education and media Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use Other Comments United States military and dependents View other languages of Guam Guernsey Language name English Population 62 500 in Guernsey Location Widespread Status 1 National Statutory national language Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use View other languages of Guernsey Guyana Language name English Dialects Guyanese English Status 1 National De facto national language Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use Other Comments When Creole languages exist alongside their lexifier language as in Guyana a continuum forms of variations between the Creole and the lexifier language It is therefore difficult to substantiate the number of Creole speakers and English speakers View other languages of Guyana Honduras Language name English Population 31 500 in Honduras 2001 22 500 Bay Islands English speakers on the north coast Location Islas de la Bahía Department and large cities along north mainland coast Dialects Bay Islands English Status 5 Dispersed Language Use Used as L2 by Garifuna cab Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use Other Comments Some creole influence View other languages of Honduras India Language name English Population 350 000 in India Crystal 2003 L2 users 200 000 000 in India Crystal 2003 Status 1 National Statutory national working language 1950 Constitution Articles 343 and 348 1 Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use Other Comments Neither British nor American English but a distinct Indian dialect with its own unique vocabulary and style View other languages of India Ireland Language name English Population 4 270 000 in Ireland European Commission 2012 L2 users 275 000 in Ireland European Commission 2012 Dialects North Hiberno English South Hiberno English Status 1 National Statutory national language 1937 Constitution Article 8 2 Language Use 860 000 also use French fra 301 000 also use Standard German deu Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use View other languages of Ireland Isle of Man Language name English Population 85 000 in Isle of Man Location Widespread Status 3 Wider communication De facto national working language Language Use Used as L2 by Manx glv Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use View other languages of Isle of Man Israel Language name English Population 100 000 in Israel 1993 Location Widespread Alternate Names Anglit Status 3 Wider communication Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use View other languages of Israel Jamaica Language name English Status 1 National De facto national language Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use Other Comments When Creole languages exist alongside their lexifier language as in Jamaica a continuum forms of variations between the Creole and the lexifier language In such situations a continuum forms of variations between the Creole and the acrolect It is therefore difficult to substantiate the number of Creole speakers and English speakers View other languages of Jamaica Jersey Language name English Population 59 500 in Jersey 2014 World Factbook Location Widespread Status 1 National Statutory national language Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use View other languages of Jersey Kenya Language name English Population 24 300 in Kenya 2006 increasing L2 users 2 700 000 in Kenya Crystal 2003 Location Widespread Status 1 National Statutory national language 2010 Constitution Article 7 2 Language Use Official language in most transactions All ages Positive attitudes Also use Swahili swh Language Development Taught in primary and secondary schools Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use View other languages of Kenya Kiribati Language name English Population 490 in Kiribati 2000 L2 users 23 000 in Kiribati Crystal 2003 Status 1 National De facto national language should official texts conflict in interpretation English prevails over Kiribati Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use View other languages of Kiribati Lebanon Language name English Population 3 300 in Lebanon 2004 Status 3 Wider communication Language Use Used to some extent since American University of Beirut founded in 1866 Many English language publications Language of instruction in some schools and universities Not spoken on the street or in Lebanese homes Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use View other languages of Lebanon Lesotho Language name English Population L2 users 500 000 in Lesotho Crystal 2003 Status 1 National Statutory national language 1993 Constitution Article 7 2 Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use View other languages of Lesotho Liberia Language name English Population 70 000 in Liberia 2006 Dialects Liberian Standard English Status 1 National De facto national language Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use View other languages of Liberia Madagascar Language name English Status 3 Wider communication Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use View other languages of Madagascar Malawi Language name English Population 16 000 in Malawi 1993 L2 users 540 000 in Malawi Crystal 2003 Status 1 National Statutory national working language 1994 Constitution 51 1 56 6 94 2 Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use View other languages of Malawi Malaysia Language name English Population 380 000 in Malaysia Crystal 2003 increasing L2 users 7 000 000 in Malaysia Crystal 2003 Location Peninsular Status 1 National Statutory national working language 1957 Constitution Articles 152 2 through 152 5 Language Use Nearly all domains All ages Positive attitudes Language Development Taught in primary and secondary schools Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use View other languages of Malaysia Maldives Language name English Status 3 Wider communication De facto national working language Language Use Used as L2 by Maldivian div Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use View other languages of Maldives Malta Language name English Population 16 200 in Malta European Commission 2012 L2 users 360 000 in Malta European Commission 2012 Status 1 National Statutory national working language 1964 Constitution Article 5 2 Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use View other languages of Malta Marshall Islands Language name English Population L2 users 60 000 in Marshall Islands Crystal 2003 Status 1 National De facto national language Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use View other languages of Marshall Islands Mauritius Language name English Population 2 000 in Mauritius Crystal 2003 L2 users 200 000 in Mauritius Crystal 2003 Status 1 National Statutory national language 1992 Constitution Articles 33 46 49 used in education Language Use Courts road signs Language Development Taught in secondary schools Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use View other languages of Mauritius Micronesia Language name English Population 4 000 in Micronesia Crystal 2003 L2 users 60 000 in Micronesia Crystal 2003 Status 1 National De facto national language Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use View other languages of Micronesia Montserrat Language name English Population 100 in Montserrat 2004 Status 1 National De facto national language Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use Other Comments When Creole languages exist alongside their lexifier language as in Montserrat a continuum forms of variations between the Creole and the lexifier language In such situations a continuum forms of variations between the Creole and the acrolect It is therefore difficult to substantiate the number of Creole speakers and English speakers View other languages of Montserrat Namibia Language name English Population 10 200 in Namibia 2006 L2 users 300 000 in Namibia Crystal 2003 Status 1 National Statutory national language 1990 Constitution Article 3 1 Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use View other languages of Namibia Nauru Language name English Population 710 in Nauru Crystal 2003 L2 users 10 700 in Nauru Crystal 2003 Status 1 National De facto national language Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use View other languages of Nauru New Zealand Language name English Population 3 820 000 in New Zealand 2013 census L2 users 150 000 in New Zealand Crystal 2003 Status 1 National De facto national language Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use View other languages of New Zealand Nigeria Language name English Population L2 users 60 000 000 in Nigeria Crystal 2003 Status 1 National De facto national language Language Use Government and education Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use View other languages of Nigeria Niue Language name English Population 78 in Niue 2004 L2 users 2 080 in Niue Status 1 National Statutory national working language 1974 Constitution Articles 23 and 71 Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use View other languages of Niue Norfolk Island Language name English Population 1 680 in Norfolk Island 2011 census Status 1 National De facto national language Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use View other languages of Norfolk Island Northern Mariana Islands Language name English Population 6 820 in Northern Mariana Islands 2000 census Location Saipan Tinian Rota Status 1 National Statutory national language 1978 Constitution Article 22 3 co official with Chamorro cha Carolinian cal Language Use Vigorous All domains All ages Neutral to positive attitudes Language Development Many students from Asia particularly Korea come to Saipan specifically to study English Taught in primary and secondary schools Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use View other languages of Northern Mariana Islands Pakistan Language name English Population L2 users 17 000 000 in Pakistan Crystal 2003 Status 1 National Statutory national language 1973 Constitution Article 251 2 Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use View other languages of Pakistan Palau Language name English Population 500 in Palau Crystal 2003 L2 users 18 000 in Palau Crystal 2003 Status 1 National Statutory national language 1979 Constitution Article 13 1 Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use View other languages of Palau Papua New Guinea Language name English Population 150 000 in Papua New Guinea Crystal 2003 L2 users 3 000 000 in Papua New Guinea Crystal 2003 Status 1 National De facto national language Language Development Taught in primary schools Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use View other languages of Papua New Guinea Philippines Language name English Population 20 000 in Philippines Crystal 2003 L2 users 40 000 000 in Philippines Crystal 2003 Status 1 National Statutory national working language 1987 Constitution Article 14 7 Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use View other languages of Philippines Pitcairn Language name English Status 1 National De facto national language Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use View other languages of Pitcairn Puerto Rico Language name English Population 100 000 in Puerto Rico Crystal 2003 L2 users 1 840 000 in Puerto Rico Crystal 2003 Status 1 National Statutory national working language 1993 Official Languages Act No 1 Article 1 Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use View other languages of Puerto Rico Rwanda Language name English Population L2 users 20 000 in Rwanda Crystal 2003 Status 1 National Statutory national working language 2003 Constitution Article 5 Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use Other Comments May be more users of English eng than French fra View other languages of Rwanda Saint Barthélemy Language name English Population 100 in Saint Barthélemy 2011 SIL Location Port town of Gustavia Dialects Gustavia English Status 7 Shifting Language Use Few youth still speak it Writing Braille script Brai Deseret Alphabet Dsrt developed in 1854 with limited usage until 1877 Latin script Latn primary usage Shavian Shaw script Shaw no longer in use Other Comments English with some creole influence View other languages of Saint Barthélemy Saint Kitts and

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/language/eng (2016-02-13)
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  • Countries | Ethnologue
    census estimates On what basis are the countries grouped into regions The division of the world into 5 major areas which are subdivided into 22 regions follows the groupings of countries used by the United Nations Statistics Division in its reporting See http unstats un org unsd methods m49 m49regin htm Which major country has the highest density or concentration of languages Vanuatu with 110 living languages and a geographic area of 12 189 square kilometers has one language for every 111 square kilometers 43 square miles Small political entities like Vatican State and Monaco are not included here Which countries have the most languages Papua New Guinea has the most languages with 839 living languages Indonesia comes in second with 706 living languages Third place goes to Nigeria having 520 living languages What country has the most languages Papua New Guinea with 839 living languages Can you send me more information about country X Browse the Country Indexes to find the languages in which you are interested and follow the links to available publications FAQ Categories Countries 6 Development 2 Endangerment 5 Languages 11 Products 2 Publishing 5 Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/faq/Countries (2016-02-13)
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  • Development | Ethnologue
    development See Language Status for more information see Endangerment for information on how this scale relates to endangered languages How many languages in the world are unwritten The exact number of unwritten languages is hard to determine Ethnologue 17th edition has data to indicate that of the currently listed 7 105 living languages 3 570 have a developed writing system We don t always know however if the existing writing systems are widely used That is while an alphabet may exist there may not be very many people who are literate and actually using the alphabet We have data to indicate that 696 languages are unwritten And for the remaining 2 839 languages we have no data FAQ Categories Countries 6 Development 2 Endangerment 5 Languages 11 Products 2 Publishing 5 Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print Edition 17th Edition 16th Edition 15th Edition 14th Edition 13th Edition Related Sites SIL org ScriptSource ISO 639 3 Contact SIL International Publications 7500 West Camp Wisdom Road Dallas TX 75236 5629 USA publications intl sil org T 972 708

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  • Endangerment | Ethnologue
    daily life there is an ethnic community that associates itself with a dormant language and view the language as a symbol of that community s identity Though a dormant language has no proficient users it retains some social uses What is an endangered language An endangered language is one in which the child bearing generation is no longer transmitting it to their children On the EGIDS scale an endangered language would have a value of 7 8a or 8b How many languages of the world have less than 1 000 speakers Less than 100 speakers Less than 10 speakers There are 1 543 living languages with less than 1 000 first language speakers There are 478 with less than 100 speakers and 140 with less than 10 speakers How many extinct languages are there in the world There are 373 extinct languages listed in this edition of the Ethnologue This number does not include long extinct or dead languages and more specifically does not include languages that became extinct before 1950 This number also does not include languages labeled as dormant which although having no remaining speakers are considered to have some life FAQ Categories Countries 6 Development 2 Endangerment

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/faq/Endangerment (2016-02-13)
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  • Languages | Ethnologue
    are there so many more living languages listed in the 17th edition 7106 than there are in the 16th 6909 This is a result of the introduction of EGIDS in the 17th edition The 188 languages that have been placed in the Dormant category EGIDS 9 were counted as extinct in the previous edition but are now being distinguished from Extinct EGIDS 10 and counted as living In many cases there are revitalization efforts underway to preserve and even revive these languages as part of the heritage of living ethnic communities While there may be no fully proficient speakers these languages cannot be accurately identified as extinct What is the difference between a dormant language and an extinct language Both extinct languages and dormant languages no longer have any fully proficient L1 users The Ethnologue makes a distinction between the two however to reflect the differences that exist in the sociolinguistic status of these languages without users Although a dormant language is not used for daily life there is an ethnic community that associates itself with a dormant language and view the language as a symbol of that community s identity Though a dormant language has no proficient users it retains some social uses What are the 10 largest most spoken languages in the world See http www ethnologue com statistics size for data on the most spoken languages of the world What is the largest language family In terms of languages In terms of speakers For number of languages Niger Congo with 1524 living languages For number of speakers Indo European with nearly 3 billion speakers How many language families are there There are 141 language families Which language is spoken in the most countries How many countries English eng It is spoken in 129 countries as an indigenous

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  • Products | Ethnologue
    I find previous editions of the Ethnologue Previous Ethnologue editions can be found in the footer of all pages in the Other Products column FAQ Categories Countries 6 Development 2 Endangerment 5 Languages 11 Products 2 Publishing 5 Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print Edition 17th Edition

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  • Publishing | Ethnologue
    and SIL org were tied together in some interesting ways in the past In creating the new sites SIL has a new site too if you have not seen it www sil org some features were moved from the Ethnologue com site to SIL org These resources are now hosted at SIL org as they are SIL publications Including them on Ethnologue com was a source of confusion for some May I translate your website into my language In short no See our Terms of Use and contact our Permissions Administrator for information about uses of the Ethnologue that exceed those described there Is the Ethnologue published in any other language besides English Why not Currently the Ethnologue is only published in English We have worked with partners on occasion to produce locally published volumes with subsets of the data translated into another language When will the next edition of the Ethnologue be published Is it still once every four years In the past new editions of the Ethnologue were published every four years Beginning with this edition 17th we will release a new edition online in the spring of each year with a range of printed volumes following FAQ

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  • World | Ethnologue
    364 Vigorous 857 In Trouble 692 Dying 187 Europe Population 735 669 330 Living Languages 285 Languages by Status Institutional 72 Developing 65 Vigorous 49 In Trouble 49 Dying 50 Pacific Population 35 284 389 Living Languages 1 312 Languages by Status Institutional 71 Developing 379 Vigorous 422 In Trouble 233 Dying 207 Browse the Regions Africa Americas Asia Europe Pacific Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families

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