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  • Suriname - Languages | Ethnologue
    in French Caribe in Spanish Carib in English More Information Chinese Hakka hak Saramacca District dispersed 7 010 in Suriname 2000 decreasing Ethnic population 12 000 1971 Includes Yue yue Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Kejia Classification Sino Tibetan Chinese More Information Dutch nld 200 000 in Suriname 1997 C DeKleine Status 1 National De facto national language Classification Indo European Germanic West Low Saxon Low Franconian Low Franconian Comments Christian More Information Guyanese Creole English gyn Nickerie District mouth of Courantyne river 50 000 in Suriname 1986 SIL Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Creolese Guyanese Creole Classification Creole English based Atlantic Eastern Southern Comments Christian Hindu Muslim More Information Hindustani Sarnami hns North coast Saramacca District 150 000 in Suriname 1986 Population total all countries 165 600 Ethnic population 160 000 2003 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Caribbean Hindustani Dialects Sarnami Hindustani Aili Gaili Sarnami Hindi Trinidad Bhojpuri Reportedly more similar to Bhojpuri bho than Hindi hin Similar dialect to Trinidad Tobago Classification Indo European Indo Iranian Indo Aryan Eastern zone Bihari Comments Based on Bhojpuri bho with influences from Awadhi awa and loans from Sranan srn Dutch nld and English eng Hindu Christian Muslim More Information Javanese Suriname jvn North coast Commewijne District 60 000 in Suriname 1986 Ethnic population 71 900 2004 census Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Caribbean Javanese Dialects None known Significantly different from Javanese jav of Indonesia Classification Austronesian Malayo Polynesian Javanese Comments Descended from plantation workers brought from Java between 1890 1939 Muslim traditional religion More Information Kwinti kww North central Sipaliwini District along Coppename river upstream from Kaimanstan and Witagron 130 1980 census decreasing Status 6b Threatened Dialects None known Further removed from Ndyuka njt than Aluku and Paramaccan Classification Creole English based Atlantic Suriname Ndyuka Comments Traditional religion More Information Mawayana mzx Sipaliwini District 10 in Suriname Crevels 2007 decreasing Ethnic population 60 Crevels 2007 Status 8b Nearly extinct Classification Maipurean Unclassified More Information Ndyuka Trio Pidgin njt South Sipaliwini District upper Tapanahonij river No known L1 speakers Status 9 Second language only Classification Pidgin More Information Saramaccan srm Central Sipaliwini District Boven Suriname and Boven Saramaccan communes Brokopondo District Centrum Brownsweg Klasskreek and Kwakoegron small border area communes Para District Bigi Poika commune Paramaribo 23 000 in Suriname 1995 SIL 1 000 Matawari Population total all countries 26 000 Status 5 Developing Dialects Matawari Matawai Matoewari Matuari Possibly Portuguese por based rather than English eng Hancock 1988 Linguistic influences from Koongo kng Hancock 1988 Lexical similarity 20 with African component Classification Creole English based Comments A Bush Negro ethnic group with background similar to the Ndyuka Traditional religion More Information Sikiana sik Sipaliwini District near Kwamalasamutu on Sipaliwini river 15 in Suriname Carlin 2001 decreasing Ethnic population 50 Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Chikena Sikiuyana Sikiyana Tshikiana Classification Cariban Kashuyana More Information Sranan srn Widespread 120 000 in Suriname 1993 Population total all countries 126 400 L2 users 300 000 in Suriname Status 3 Wider communication De facto national

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/SR/languages (2016-02-13)
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  • Suriname - Status | Ethnologue
    000 in Suriname 1986 Population total all countries 165 600 Ethnic population 160 000 2003 Javanese Suriname jvn 5 Developing 60 000 in Suriname 1986 Ethnic population 71 900 2004 census Saramaccan srm 5 Developing 23 000 in Suriname 1995 SIL 1 000 Matawari Population total all countries 26 000 Trió tri 5 Developing 1 400 in Suriname 2003 ISA Population total all countries 2 130 Ethnic population 1 400 2003 Wayana way 5 Developing 500 in Suriname Crevels 2007 Population total all countries 850 Ethnic population 500 Crevels 2007 6b Threatened Carib car 6b Threatened 1 200 in Suriname Carlin 2001 Ethnic population 3 000 Kwinti kww 6b Threatened 130 1980 census decreasing 7 Shifting Chinese Hakka hak 7 Shifting 7 010 in Suriname 2000 decreasing Ethnic population 12 000 1971 Includes Yue yue Guyanese Creole English gyn 7 Shifting 50 000 in Suriname 1986 SIL 8a Moribund Arawak arw 8a Moribund 700 in Suriname 1980 census Population total all countries 2 450 Very few monolinguals Ethnic population 2 050 1980 census 8b Nearly extinct Akurio ako 8b Nearly extinct 10 Carlin and Arends 2002 0 monolinguals Ethnic population 50 Mawayana mzx 8b Nearly extinct 10 in Suriname Crevels 2007 decreasing Ethnic population 60 Crevels 2007 Sikiana sik 8b Nearly extinct 15 in Suriname Carlin 2001 decreasing Ethnic population 50 Waiwai waw 8b Nearly extinct 10 in Suriname Crevels 2007 decreasing Ethnic population 80 Crevels 2007 Warao wba 8b Nearly extinct Few speakers 9 Second language only Ndyuka Trio Pidgin njt 9 Second language only No known L1 speakers Language Status Profile Click to enlarge with explanation Ethnologue Products Languages of Suriname An Ethnologue Country Report 28 pp 9 95 Browse all products Amazon Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/SR/status (2016-02-13)
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  • Trinidad and Tobago - Languages | Ethnologue
    in Trinidad and Tobago 1996 Ethnic population East Indians are 41 of the population Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Caribbean Hindustani Trinidad Bhojpuri Classification Indo European Indo Iranian Indo Aryan Eastern zone Bihari Comments Hindu Christian Muslim More Information Spanish spa Southern peninsula fishing villages 4 100 in Trinidad and Tobago 2004 L2 users 61 800 in Trinidad and Tobago Instituto Cervantes 2012 Status 5 Dispersed Classification Indo European Italic Romance Italo Western Western Gallo Iberian Ibero Romance West Iberian Castilian More Information Tobagonian Creole English tgh Tobago 300 000 2011 J Ferreira Status 6a Vigorous De facto language of provincial identity in Tobago Alternate Names Tobagonian Dialect Dialects None known Reportedly most similar to Guyanese Creole English gyn and Vincentian Creole English svc Classification Creole English based Atlantic Eastern Southern More Information Trinidad and Tobago Sign Language lst Scattered 2 000 2008 E Parks Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Trinidad Sign Language TSL TTSL Dialects None known Deaf people in Trinidad do not understand standard ASL ase from the United States comprehension of Trinidad style ASL varies but appears to be due to bilingualism Classification Deaf sign language More Information Trinidadian Creole English trf Trinidad 1 000 000 2011 J Ferreira Status 6a Vigorous De facto language of national identity Classification Creole English based Atlantic Eastern Southern More Information Trinidadian Creole French acf Trinidad Northern Range villages island fishing communities peninsular coastal settlements west of the capital 3 800 in Trinidad and Tobago 2004 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Lesser Antillean Creole French Patois Patwa Classification Creole French based More Information Language Status Profile Click to enlarge with explanation Ethnologue Products Languages of Trinidad and Tobago An Ethnologue Country Report 20 pp 9 95 Browse all products Amazon Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/TT/languages (2016-02-13)
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  • Trinidad and Tobago - Status | Ethnologue
    2004 L2 users 61 800 in Trinidad and Tobago Instituto Cervantes 2012 5 Developing American Sign Language ase 5 Developing Trinidadian Creole French acf 5 Developing 3 800 in Trinidad and Tobago 2004 6a Vigorous Tobagonian Creole English tgh 6a Vigorous De facto language of provincial identity in Tobago 300 000 2011 J Ferreira Trinidad and Tobago Sign Language lst 6a Vigorous 2 000 2008 E Parks Trinidadian Creole English trf 6a Vigorous De facto language of national identity 1 000 000 2011 J Ferreira 7 Shifting Hindustani Sarnami hns 7 Shifting 15 600 in Trinidad and Tobago 1996 Ethnic population East Indians are 41 of the population Language Status Profile Click to enlarge with explanation Ethnologue Products Languages of Trinidad and Tobago An Ethnologue Country Report 20 pp 9 95 Browse all products Amazon Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print Edition 17th Edition 16th Edition 15th Edition 14th Edition 13th Edition Related

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/TT/status (2016-02-13)
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  • Trinidad and Tobago - Maps | Ethnologue
    free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print Edition 17th Edition 16th Edition 15th Edition 14th Edition 13th Edition Related Sites SIL org ScriptSource ISO 639 3 Contact SIL International Publications

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/TT/maps (2016-02-13)
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  • Trinidad and Tobago - Feedback | Ethnologue
    Report 20 pp 9 95 Browse all products Amazon Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print Edition 17th Edition 16th Edition 15th Edition 14th

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/TT/feedback (2016-02-13)
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  • Languages of Trinidad and Tobago | Ethnologue
    ISO 639 3 codes An index of language names including primary alternate and dialect names A bibliography of references cited The report is disseminated as a digital download It is paginated with cross references rendered as page numbers so that the user may print the report and use it in that form However the cross reference page numbers are also hot links that jump to the referenced location when the report is used with a PDF reader in its digital form Ethnologue report license agreement Each Ethnologue country report is a licensed product with restricted terms of use Before purchasing the product you must agree to the following terms This is a license for individual use Just as with a conventionally published book it is a violation of copyright to make a copy and give it to others You may not redistribute this work in any form including ingesting the contents into a database that is shared with others or posting it on a web site whether public or private To inquire about permission for reuse or redistribution use the Contact Us form and select Request Copyright Permissions Buying Options File Languages of Trinidad and Tobago An Ethnologue Country Report

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/product/18-Report-TT (2016-02-13)
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  • Turks and Caicos Islands - Languages | Ethnologue
    to be shifting to a standard variety of Caribbean English More Information Language Status Profile Click to enlarge with explanation Amazon Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/TC/languages (2016-02-13)
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