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  • United States - Feedback | Ethnologue
    community norms page for more information on giving feedback Login or register to give feedback on this country Immigrant language Saraiki Wed 2016 01 27 10 32 Regarding Immigrant Languages Country United States saraiki be added here see https en wikipedia org wiki Languages of the United States Main languages View the Discussion Language Status Profile Click to enlarge with explanation Ethnologue Products Languages of United States An Ethnologue Country Report 133 pp 19 95 Languages of United States of America Index Map License for single academic use of a high resolution watermark free map 24 95 Browse all products Amazon Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print Edition 17th Edition 16th Edition 15th Edition 14th Edition 13th Edition Related Sites SIL org ScriptSource ISO 639 3 Contact SIL International Publications 7500 West Camp Wisdom Road Dallas TX 75236 5629 USA publications intl sil org T 972 708 7404 F 972 708 7363 Contact

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/US/feedback (2016-02-13)
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  • Languages of United States | Ethnologue
    index of ISO 639 3 codes An index of language names including primary alternate and dialect names A bibliography of references cited The report is disseminated as a digital download It is paginated with cross references rendered as page numbers so that the user may print the report and use it in that form However the cross reference page numbers are also hot links that jump to the referenced location when the report is used with a PDF reader in its digital form Ethnologue report license agreement Each Ethnologue country report is a licensed product with restricted terms of use Before purchasing the product you must agree to the following terms This is a license for individual use Just as with a conventionally published book it is a violation of copyright to make a copy and give it to others You may not redistribute this work in any form including ingesting the contents into a database that is shared with others or posting it on a web site whether public or private To inquire about permission for reuse or redistribution use the Contact Us form and select Request Copyright Permissions Buying Options File Languages of United States An Ethnologue Country

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/product/18-Report-US (2016-02-13)
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  • Uruguay - Languages | Ethnologue
    Classification Deaf sign language More Information Language Status Profile Click to enlarge with explanation Amazon Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print Edition 17th

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/UY/languages (2016-02-13)
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  • Venezuela - Languages | Ethnologue
    of Baré bae language area on Baria river and Casiquiare canal 3 000 1975 G Indigenista Ethnic population The size of the ethnic group is not clear since the usually cited number of 3 000 1975 G Indigenista probably includes Baré bae Baniva bwi and Mandahuaca Crevels 2007 Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Arihini Cunipusana Ihini Maldavaca Mandauaca Mandawaka Mitua Yavita Classification Maipurean Northern Upper Amazon Western Nawiki Warekena Comments Baré is a cover term for separate languages Baré bae Mandahuaca Guarekena gae Baniwa bwi Piapoco pio Sometimes considered a dialect of Baré bae More Information Mapoyo mcg Amazonas State confluence of Orinoco and Toro rivers and downstream southwest Bolivar State on the savanna between Caño Caripo north and Villacoa river south near Caicara del Orinoco road to Puerto Ayacucho Palomo community 60 km south of La Urbana 12 2001 census decreasing A few semi speakers left Crevels 2007 Ethnic population 200 Crevels 2007 Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Mapayo Mapoye Mopoi Nepoye Wanai Dialects None known Reportedly similar to Yabarana yar Classification Cariban Central Mapoyo Yavarana More Information Maquiritari mch Bolivar and Amazonas states Brazilian border area on mid Paragua Caura Erebato upper Ventuari upper Auaris Matacuni Cuntinamo Padamo and Cunucunuma rivers 5 520 in Venezuela 2001 census Population total all countries 5 950 Ethnic population 6 520 Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Cunuana De cuana De kwana Carib Maiongong Maquiritai Maquiritare Pawana Soto Ye cuana Yekuana Classification Cariban Central Makiritare More Information Nengatu yrl Amazonas State Brazil border area Río Negro area lower Guainía in San Pedro and Bultón 760 in Venezuela 2001 census Very few if any speakers left in Venezuela Crevels 2007 Ethnic population 1 290 Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Geral Modern Tupi Waengatu Yeral Classification Tupian Tupí Guaraní Tupí Tupí More Information Ninam shb Bolivar State Karun and Paragua rivers 100 in Venezuela Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Shiriana Yanam Dialects Northern Ninam Southern Ninam Classification Yanomaman More Information Paraujano pbg Zulia State Lake Maracaibo near Guajiro 20 Crevels 2007 Ethnic population 17 400 Crevels 2007 Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Añú Anun Parahujano Dialects Alile Toa Classification Maipurean Northern Maritime Ta Maipurean More Information Patamona pbc Guyana and Brazil east border area Bolivar State Ethnic population 200 Crevels 2007 Status 8a Moribund Classification Cariban North Amazonian Pemón Pemón proper Kapong More Information Pemon aoc Bolivar State Gran Sabana and adjacent areas 5 000 in Venezuela 2001 V Becsky Population total all countries 6 010 Ethnic population 22 300 Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Pemong Dialects Arecuna Arekuna Aricuna Daigok Jaricuna Kamaragakok Pemon Pishauco Potsawugok Purucoto Camaracoto Taurepan Taulipang Marginally intelligible with Akawaio ake and Patamona pbc Camaracoto dialect may be a distinct language Classification Cariban North Amazonian Pemón Pemón proper More Information Pémono pev Upper Majagua village with Yabarana yar speakers Amazonas State No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Dialects None known Reportedly similar to Mapoyo mcg and Yabarana yar Classification Cariban Central Mapoyo Yavarana Comments Different from Pemón

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/VE/languages (2016-02-13)
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  • Venezuela - Status | Ethnologue
    200 Carib car 6b Threatened 4 450 in Venezuela 2001 census Population total all countries 7 358 Ethnic population 11 200 Crevels 2007 Curripaco kpc 6b Threatened 3 630 in Venezuela 2001 census Ethnic population 4 930 Guahibo guh 6b Threatened 11 200 in Venezuela 2001 census 37 urban Ethnic population 14 800 Japreria jru 6b Threatened 170 2002 census 10 monolinguals Ethnic population 220 Ninam shb 6b Threatened 100 in Venezuela Pemon aoc 6b Threatened 5 000 in Venezuela 2001 V Becsky Population total all countries 6 010 Ethnic population 22 300 Piapoco pio 6b Threatened 1 450 in Venezuela 2001 census Ethnic population 1 940 2001 census Piaroa pid 6b Threatened 14 500 in Venezuela 2001 census 2 200 urban 12 300 rural Population total all countries 14 580 Ethnic population 14 500 Playero gob 6b Threatened 200 in Venezuela Crevels 2007 Ethnic population 200 Crevels 2007 Puinave pui 6b Threatened 880 in Venezuela 2001 census Ethnic population 1 310 Yukpa yup 6b Threatened 3 020 in Venezuela 2007 2 220 urban 800 rural Ethnic population 10 000 2001 census 7 Shifting Akawaio ake 7 Shifting 180 in Venezuela 2001 census Ethnic population 810 1993 OCEI German Colonia Tovar gct 7 Shifting 1 500 2009 H Collin Ethnic population 6 000 Macushi mbc 7 Shifting 600 in Venezuela The number of Makushi speakers in Venezuela is not clear since 1992 Indigenous Census probably included them in the Pemon group Crevels 2007 Nengatu yrl 7 Shifting 760 in Venezuela 2001 census Very few if any speakers left in Venezuela Crevels 2007 Ethnic population 1 290 8a Moribund Arawak arw 8a Moribund 100 in Venezuela 2002 SIL Ethnic population 430 2008 230 of the ethnic group are monolingual in Spanish spa some in English eng Baniwa bwi 8a Moribund 610 in Venezuela 2007 SIL decreasing Ethnic population 2 410 2001 census Guarequena gae 8a Moribund 160 in Venezuela 2001 census Population total all countries 650 Ethnic population 510 Patamona pbc 8a Moribund Ethnic population 200 Crevels 2007 Sáliba slc 8a Moribund 250 in Venezuela 1991 W Adelaar Yabarana yar 8a Moribund 20 1977 E Migliazza Ethnic population 320 Crevels 2007 8b Nearly extinct Arutani atx 8b Nearly extinct 25 in Venezuela 2001 census Ethnic population 29 2002 SIL Baré bae 8b Nearly extinct 240 in Venezuela 2011 W Largo Ethnic population 2 790 1998 Chaima ciy 8b Nearly extinct 63 2011 census Ethnic population 4 090 Cumanagoto cuo 8b Nearly extinct 49 2001 census Ethnic population 530 Mandahuaca mht 8b Nearly extinct 3 000 1975 G Indigenista Ethnic population The size of the ethnic group is not clear since the usually cited number of 3 000 1975 G Indigenista probably includes Baré bae Baniva bwi and Mandahuaca Crevels 2007 Mapoyo mcg 8b Nearly extinct 12 2001 census decreasing A few semi speakers left Crevels 2007 Ethnic population 200 Crevels 2007 Paraujano pbg 8b Nearly extinct 20 Crevels 2007 Ethnic population 17 400 Crevels 2007 Sapé spc 8b Nearly extinct 5

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/VE/status (2016-02-13)
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  • Afghanistan - Languages | Ethnologue
    dialect upper Bashgal valley Barg e Matal 15 000 in Afghanistan 1994 increasing Population total all countries 18 700 Ethnic population 114 000 110 000 in Nuristan and 4 000 in diaspora L2 users Some Nuristani people from other language groups can also speak Kati Status 6a Vigorous Statutory language of provincial identity in Nuristan Province 2004 Constitution Article 16 2 Alternate Names Bashgali Kativiri Nuristani Dialects Eastern Kativiri Mumviri Western Kativiri Jadidi Ramgulviri Mumviri may be a separate language Eastern and Western Kataviri are very similar dialects and almost completely mutually intelligible Classification Indo European Indo Iranian Indo Aryan Nuristani Comments Kati is different from Kamviri xvi but the two are significantly mutually intelligible and speakers may refer to them as the same language Muslim Sunni More Information Kyrgyz kir Extreme northeast Badakhshan Province Wakhan district Great Pamir and Little Pamir valleys 750 in Afghanistan 2000 450 in the Great Pamir a few in Badakhshan Status 5 Dispersed Alternate Names Kirghiz Kirghizi Kirgiz Classification Turkic Western Aralo Caspian Comments Muslim Sunni More Information Mogholi mhj Herat Province Kundur and Karez i Mulla 2 villages No known L1 speakers Ethnic population 2 000 Status 9 Dormant Alternate Names Moghol Mogol Mogul Mongul Dialects Karez I Mulla Kundur Unintelligible to other Mongol speakers linguistically relatively well explored Classification Mongolic Western Comments Muslim Sunni More Information Munji mnj Northeastern Afghanistan Badakhshan Province Kuran wa Munjan district in the Munjan and Mamalgha valleys 5 300 2008 D Beyer and S Beck Very few monolinguals Ethnic population 5 300 Status 6a Vigorous Statutory language of provincial identity in Badakhshan Province 2004 Constitution Article 16 2 Alternate Names Munjani Munjigi Munjiwar Dialects Northern Munji Southern Munji Northern Munji and Southern Munji are mutually intelligible The differences are found mostly in regular sound changes and some lexical items Lexical similarity 68 among dialects 56 80 with Yidgha ydg in Pakistan Classification Indo European Indo Iranian Iranian Eastern Southeastern Pamir Comments Little contact with Yidgha ydg Muslim Ismaili More Information Ormuri oru Lowgar Province Charkh district Baraki Barak 50 in Afghanistan 2011 SIL decreasing Ethnic population 2 000 L2 users 0 in Afghanistan Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Baraks Bargista Oormuri Ormui Dialects Kanigurami Logar Classification Indo European Indo Iranian Iranian Western Northwestern Ormuri Parachi Comments Muslim More Information Pahlavani phv Nimruz Province Chakhansur district No known L1 speakers Status 9 Dormant Dialects None known Reportedly similar to Dari prs Classification Indo European Indo Iranian Iranian Western Southwestern Persian Comments Muslim More Information Parachi prc Northeast Kapisa Province Hindu Kush valley near Kabul Nijrau and Tagau villages Pachaghan Shutul Ghujulan 3 500 Kiefer 2009 Status 7 Shifting Dialects Ghujulan Pachaghan Shutul Dialect diversity seems slight Classification Indo European Indo Iranian Iranian Western Northwestern Ormuri Parachi Comments Muslim More Information Parya paq Laghman province small border areas in Kabul and Nangarhar provinces No known L1 speakers in Afghanistan Ethnic population 240 Status 9 Dormant Alternate Names Afghana Yi Nasfurush Afghana Yi Siyarui Laghmani Classification Indo European Indo Iranian Indo Aryan Central zone Unclassified More Information Pashai Northeast aee Konar Province west of Asadabad side valleys between Konar and Pech rivers Nangarhar Province Dara I Nur and Kuz Konar districts 54 400 2000 Status 6a Vigorous Statutory language of national identity 2004 Constitution Article 16 2 Alternate Names Northeast Pashayi Pashai Dialects Aret Chalas Chilas Kandak Kurangal Kurdar Unintelligible of other Pashai speakers Lexical similarity approximately 30 with Southeast Pashai psi and Southwest Pashai psh Classification Indo European Indo Iranian Indo Aryan Northwestern zone Dardic Pashai Comments Kandak Shemul Aret Shumasht and Kordar villages belong to the Chugani people Chalas and Kurangal are separate Muslim Sunni More Information Pashai Northwest glh Kabul province northwest of Kabul Laghman Kapisa Nurestan and Konar provinces some in Nangarhar and Parvan provinces Alisheng valley and others north of Sarobi 70 000 2011 SIL Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Northwest Pashayi Pashai Dialects Alasai Bolaghain Gulbahar Kohnadeh Laurowan Najil Nangarach Pachagan Pandau Parazhghan Pashagar Sanjan Shamakot Shutul Uzbin Wadau Unintelligible of other Pashai speakers Lexical similarity approximately 30 with Southeast Pashai psi Classification Indo European Indo Iranian Indo Aryan Northwestern zone Dardic Pashai Comments Muslim Sunni More Information Pashai Southeast psi Upper and Lower Darrai Nur valley Damench Shale Shari Nangarhar Province north of Shewa south Laghman Province Alingar valley area 180 000 2011 Pashai Language Development Project increasing 75 000 Laghman 95 000 Nangarhar 10 000 Kunar 100 000 monolinguals Ethnic population 400 000 Status 6a Vigorous Statutory language of provincial identity in Nangahar Laghman provinces 2004 Constitution Article 16 2 Alternate Names Pashai Southeast Pashayi Dialects None known Somewhat intelligible of Southwest Pashai psh hardly intelligible of Northeast Pashai aee and Northwest Pashai glh Lexical similarity about 30 with Southwest Pashai psh Northeast Pashai aee and Northwest Pashai psh Classification Indo European Indo Iranian Indo Aryan Northwestern zone Dardic Pashai Comments Muslim Sunni More Information Pashai Southwest psh Northeast of Kabul and in Kapisa province north of Sarobi Tagau Tagab valley 100 000 2011 SIL Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Pashai Southwest Pashayi Dialects Ishpi Isken Tagau Not intelligible of other Pashai languages Lexical similarity Less than 30 with other Pashai languages Classification Indo European Indo Iranian Indo Aryan Northwestern zone Dardic Pashai Comments Pashai peoples have rich folklore and songs preserved by oral tradition Muslim Sunni More Information Pashto Northern pbu Nangarhar Province and surrounding regions scattered 1 700 000 in Afghanistan 2008 increasing Status 3 Wider communication Alternate Names Afghan Eastern Afghan Pashto Northwestern Pakhto Pakhtoo Pakhtu Paktu Sharqi Dialects Ghilzai Khogyani Classification Indo European Indo Iranian Iranian Eastern Southeastern Pashto Comments Called Pakhtoon in the north Pashtoon in the south and Pakhtun in the central regions Pashto clans include Mohmandi Ghilzai Durani Yusufzai Afridi Kandahari Qandahari Waziri Chinwari Shinwari Mangal and Wenetsi Muslim Sunni More Information Pashto Southern pbt Kandahar area Zabul Kandahar Uruzgan Helmand Nimroz Farah Herat and Badghis provinces 6 000 000 in Afghanistan 2008 Population total all countries 10 780 000 Status 1 National Statutory

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/AF/languages (2016-02-13)
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  • Afghanistan - Status | Ethnologue
    Afghanistan 2011 increasing Population total all countries 20 000 3 600 monolinguals Ethnic population 18 000 Kati bsh 6a Vigorous Statutory language of provincial identity in Nuristan Province 2004 Constitution Article 16 2 15 000 in Afghanistan 1994 increasing Population total all countries 18 700 Ethnic population 114 000 110 000 in Nuristan and 4 000 in diaspora L2 users Some Nuristani people from other language groups can also speak Kati Munji mnj 6a Vigorous Statutory language of provincial identity in Badakhshan Province 2004 Constitution Article 16 2 5 300 2008 D Beyer and S Beck Very few monolinguals Ethnic population 5 300 Pashai Northeast aee 6a Vigorous Statutory language of national identity 2004 Constitution Article 16 2 54 400 2000 Pashai Northwest glh 6a Vigorous 70 000 2011 SIL Pashai Southeast psi 6a Vigorous Statutory language of provincial identity in Nangahar Laghman provinces 2004 Constitution Article 16 2 180 000 2011 Pashai Language Development Project increasing 75 000 Laghman 95 000 Nangarhar 10 000 Kunar 100 000 monolinguals Ethnic population 400 000 Pashai Southwest psh 6a Vigorous 100 000 2011 SIL Prasuni prn 6a Vigorous 8 000 2011 increasing 1 600 monolinguals Ethnic population 8 000 Sanglechi sgy 6a Vigorous 2 200 2009 S Beck Ethnic population 2 200 Savi sdg 6a Vigorous 3 000 in Afghanistan 1983 Shughni sgh 6a Vigorous 40 000 in Afghanistan 2009 Most are monolingual Shumashti sts 6a Vigorous 1 000 1994 Tregami trm 6a Vigorous 3 500 2011 increasing 700 monolinguals Ethnic population 3 500 Waigali wbk 6a Vigorous 11 500 2011 increasing 2 300 monolinguals Ethnic population 11 500 Wakhi wbl 6a Vigorous 17 000 in Afghanistan 2011 S Beck increasing Population total all countries 58 000 Ethnic population 17 000 Warduji wrd 6a Vigorous 5 000 1994 6b Threatened Arabic Tajiki

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/AF/status (2016-02-13)
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  • Armenia - Languages | Ethnologue
    Western Armenian 879 612 used elsewhere and only understood by some in Iran In Syria people in Kessaberen northeastern mountain village of Kessab and Musa Dagh village now relocated to Lebanon speak related varieties which other Western Armenian speakers do not understand Most Kessaberen users now learn Western Armenian Western Armenian Turkey and Ararat Russian Federation are easily intelligible Classification Indo European Armenian Comments Ethnic autonym Haieren Christian Miaphysite More Information Armenian Sign Language aen Scattered Status 6a Vigorous Classification Deaf sign language More Information Assyrian Neo Aramaic aii Transcaucasia Erevan and scattered 3 500 in Armenia 2001 census Ethnic population 15 000 Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Aisorski Sooreth Classification Afro Asiatic Semitic Central Aramaic Eastern Central Northeastern Comments Aisor is the Russian name for the people The Assyrian and Chaldean separated denominationally during the 16th century Christian Nestorian More Information Azerbaijani North azj 161 000 in Armenia Johnstone 1993 Status 5 Dispersed Alternate Names Azerbaydzhani Azeri Turk Turkler Dialects Airym Baku Borcala Derbent Erevan Karapapak Kazakh Kirovabad Kuba Kutkasen Kyzylbash Lenkoran Nakhichevan Nukha Ordubad Saliany Semakha Susa Karabakh Terekeme Zakataly Mugaly Classification Turkic Southern Azerbaijani Comments Muslim Shi a More Information Erzya myv 500 in Armenia Status 5 Developing Classification Uralic Mordvin More Information Kurdish Northern kmr Aragats Armavir Talin Artashat Abovian Echmiadzin Masis and other main towns and cities 45 000 in Armenia 2002 Status 4 Educational Alternate Names Êzdîkî Kurmancî Kurmanji Classification Indo European Indo Iranian Iranian Western Northwestern Kurdish Comments Majority are Yezidi More Information Lomavren rmi Armenia south Caucasus 50 in Armenia 2004 Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Armenian Bosa Armenian Bosha Bosa Bosha Dialects None known Grammatically restructured like Armenian hye with phonology and lexicon also influenced by Armenian Classification Mixed language Armenian Romani More Information Language Status Profile Click to enlarge with

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/AM/languages (2016-02-13)
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