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  • Tajikistan - Feedback | Ethnologue
    for single academic use of a high resolution watermark free map 24 95 Browse all products Amazon Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/TJ/feedback (2016-02-13)
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  • Thailand - Languages | Ethnologue
    of Laos no attested speakers in Thailand perhaps in Chiang Rai 100 in Thailand Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Kamet Kha Lamet Khamet Lemet Dialects Lower Lamet Upper Lamet Classification Austro Asiatic Mon Khmer Northern Mon Khmer Palaungic Eastern Palaungic Lametic Comments Glossonym Khamet in Thailand Lamet in Laos Traditional religion More Information Lawa Eastern lwl North Chiang Mai Province Hot district Bo Luang and Bo Sali subdistricts 16 villages 7 000 Nahhas 2007 Ethnic population 8 000 L2 users Some who marry into the community learn to speak it Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Bo Luang Lawa Lua pej Dialects Bo Luang Bo Sangae Not intelligible with most Mae Hong Son Lawa dialects lcp Classification Austro Asiatic Mon Khmer Northern Mon Khmer Palaungic Eastern Palaungic Waic Lawa More Information Lawa Western lcp Chiang Mai and Mae Hong Son provinces 8 000 Nahhas 2007 Ethnic population 8 500 L2 users Some who marry into the community learn to speak it Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Lava Lavüa Lua pej Luwa L wa Mae Hong Son Lawa Mountain Lawa Omphai Lawa Dialects La up Northern Western Lawa Omphai Each village has a distinct accent Ban Kok Luang a village of the Northern group has the most distinct dialect Classification Austro Asiatic Mon Khmer Northern Mon Khmer Palaungic Eastern Palaungic Waic Lawa Comments Orthography and literature based on Ban La up dialect Traditional religion Buddhist Christian More Information Lisu lis Chiang Mai Chiang Rai Mae Hong Son Tak Phayao and Kamphaeng Phet provinces 40 000 in Thailand Bradley 2007 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Li Hsaw Lisaw Li Shaw Liso Lu Tzu Southern Lisu Yao Yen Yaw Yin Yaw Yen Yeh Jen Dialects Lu Shi Lisu Classification Sino Tibetan Tibeto Burman Ngwi Burmese Ngwi Central Comments Traditional religion Christian More Information Lü khb Phayao and Nan provinces scattered in north 83 000 in Thailand Johnstone and Mandryk 2001 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Lu Lue Pai I Pai Yi Shui Pai I Tai Lu Tai Lue Thai Lu Dialects Yong Classification Tai Kadai Kam Tai Tai Southwestern Comments Traditional religion Buddhist More Information Lua prb Nan Province east of Pua district Laos Thailand border 6 280 2000 Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names East Pua Pray Pray 2 Classification Austro Asiatic Mon Khmer Northern Mon Khmer Khmuic Mal Khmu Mal Phrai Comments Distinct from Mal mlf Prai prt and Pray 3 pry Christian More Information Mal mlf Nan Province east of Pua district and Chiang Kam valley near northern Laos border 3 000 in Thailand 1982 SIL Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Ht in Khatin Thin Tin T in Classification Austro Asiatic Mon Khmer Northern Mon Khmer Khmuic Mal Khmu Mal Phrai Comments Ethnic autonym T in in Thailand More Information Malay Pattani mfa North Songkhla Province Chana region south through Pattani Narathiwat Yala Saiburi and Tak Bai 1 000 000 2006 Mahidol University Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Baso Jawi Dialects None known Different from Kedah Malay meo and Standard Malay zsm A member of macrolanguage Malay msa Classification Austronesian Malayo Polynesian Malayo Chamic Malayic Malay Comments Preferable ethnonym Jawi or Jawi Malay Ethnic autonym oré Jawi Muslim More Information Malay Satun meo A few villages near Satun Isolated Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Kedah Malay Classification Austronesian Malayo Polynesian Malayo Chamic Malayic Malay Comments More people in the area speak Thai than Pattani mfa Most outside contacts in Thai centers of Songkhla Phattalung and Haad Yai with west coast Malay states of Perlis and Kedah Culturally Malay Muslim More Information Mlabri mra Phayao Nan Phrae Utaradit Phitsanuloke Loey and perhaps other provinces Laos border area 130 in Thailand Bradley 2007 Population total all countries 154 Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Luang Ma Ku Mabri Mla Mla Bri Mrabri Phi Thong Yellow Leaf Yumbri Classification Austro Asiatic Mon Khmer Northern Mon Khmer Khmuic Mlabri Comments Mlabri are different from the Kha Tong Luang Phi Tong Luang Yellow Leaf in Laos who are Western Viet Muong Wurm and Hattori 1981 Sometimes employed by the Hmong Some nomadic Traditional religion More Information Mok mqt Lampang Province east northeast of Chiang Mai on Wang river 7 Wurm and Hattori 1981 Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Amok Hsen Hsum Muak Muak Sa aak Classification Austro Asiatic Mon Khmer Northern Mon Khmer Palaungic Eastern Palaungic Angkuic More Information Moken mwt South west coast Phuket Phangnga Krabi and Ranong 2 000 in Thailand Bradley 2007 Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Basing Chau Ko Mawken Salon Salong Selong Selung Dialects Jadiak Moklen Classification Austronesian Malayo Polynesian Moklen Comments Primarily live on boats but occasionally settle on area islands Traditional religion Muslim More Information Moklen mkm South west coast Phuket and Phangnga 1 500 1984 D Hogan Ethnic population 4 000 2000 D Bradley Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Chau Pok Classification Austronesian Malayo Polynesian Moklen Comments Heavy Thai and Mon Khmer influence Traditional religion Muslim More Information Mon mnw Kanchanaburi Pathum Thani Ratchaburi Samut Sakhon Nakhon Pathom and Kanchanaburi provinces 108 000 in Thailand 2000 70 000 120 000 total population Bauer 1984 1983 census estimated 100 000 about 50 000 L1 speakers Foster 1972 Smalley 1994 Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Aleng Mun Peguan Takanoon Talaing Taleng Classification Austro Asiatic Mon Khmer Monic Comments Many seemingly integrated with the Thai in other areas they are separate Traditional religion Buddhist More Information Mpi mpz North Phrae Province Ban Dong east of provincial capital Nan Province Ban Sakoen east of Phayao Province border 2 villages 900 Nahhas 2007 decreasing Ethnic population 1 500 Nahhas 2007 Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Kaw Dialects Ban Dong Ban Sakoen Ban Dong and Ban Sakoen Mpi are mutually intelligible based on self report of Ban Dong and Ban Sakoen residents Lexical similarity 86 between Ban Dong and Ban Sakoen dialects Classification Sino Tibetan Tibeto Burman Ngwi Burmese Ngwi Southern Comments Kaw is used in Ban Sakoen Possibly some in China who refer to their language as Pu Kaw Buddhist More Information Nyahkur cbn

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/TH/languages (2016-02-13)
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  • Thailand - Status | Ethnologue
    Developing 51 000 profoundly prelingually deaf people in Thailand 1997 C Reilly 20 of deaf children go to school to learn it Thai Song soa 5 Developing 32 300 2000 Thai Northern nod 5 Developing De facto language of provincial identity in northern provinces 6 000 000 in Thailand 1983 SIL Population total all countries 6 029 500 Thai Southern sou 5 Developing De facto language of provincial identity in southeasternmost 15 provinces 4 500 000 2006 Mahidol University Wa Parauk prk 5 Developing 6 700 in Thailand 2008 P Hopple 6a Vigorous Ban Khor Sign Language bfk 6a Vigorous Blang blr 6a Vigorous 1 200 in Thailand 1998 SIL Bru Western brv 6a Vigorous 20 000 in Thailand 1991 Hmong Njua hnj 6a Vigorous 60 000 in Thailand Hattaway 2000 Karen Phrae Pwo kjt 6a Vigorous 6 000 Dawkins and Phillips 2009 Kataang kgd 6a Vigorous 1 500 in Thailand 2014 J Green Kayah Eastern eky 6a Vigorous 18 000 in Thailand 2000 2 camps of 15 000 refugees from Myanmar Lahu Shi lhi 6a Vigorous 15 000 in Thailand 2007 Lamet lbn 6a Vigorous 100 in Thailand Lawa Eastern lwl 6a Vigorous 7 000 Nahhas 2007 Ethnic population 8 000 L2 users Some who marry into the community learn to speak it Malay Satun meo 6a Vigorous Nyaw nyw 6a Vigorous 50 000 Diller 1990 Phu Thai pht 6a Vigorous 470 000 in Thailand 2006 Mahidol University Population total all countries 866 000 Phuan phu 6a Vigorous 200 000 in Thailand 2006 Mahidol University Population total all countries 307 000 Prai prt 6a Vigorous 20 000 in Thailand 2001 Possibly 3 000 Ban Wen dialect speakers Population total all countries 41 900 Pray 3 pry 6a Vigorous 38 800 2000 Sô sss 6a Vigorous 70 000 in Thailand 2006 Mahidol University Thai Northeastern tts 6a Vigorous De facto language of provincial identity in east northeast provinces 15 000 000 1983 SIL At least 1 000 000 in Bangkok Kalerng has a few thousand speakers 1990 A Diller Tonga tnz 6a Vigorous 350 in Thailand 2014 SIL Population total all countries 365 Yoy yoy 6a Vigorous 5 000 in Thailand Diller 1990 Population total all countries 6 000 6b Threatened Aheu thm 6b Threatened 450 in Thailand Bradley 2007 Population total all countries 700 Ethnic population 1 500 Bradley 2007 Bisu bzi 6b Threatened Population total all countries 240 Ethnic population 700 Bradley 2007 Cham Western cja 6b Threatened 4 000 in Thailand Kuy kdt 6b Threatened 400 000 in Thailand 2006 Mahidol University Population total all countries 452 800 Few monolinguals Moklen mkm 6b Threatened 1 500 1984 D Hogan Ethnic population 4 000 2000 D Bradley Mon mnw 6b Threatened 108 000 in Thailand 2000 70 000 120 000 total population Bauer 1984 1983 census estimated 100 000 about 50 000 L1 speakers Foster 1972 Smalley 1994 Nyeu nyl 6b Threatened 200 Urak Lawoi urk 6b Threatened 5 000 2012 S Pattemore Yong yno 6b Threatened 12

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/TH/status (2016-02-13)
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  • Turkey - Languages | Ethnologue
    Kumux dialect of Lak lbe Muslim More Information Kurdish Northern kmr Widespread especially east and southeast 15 000 000 in Turkey McCarus 2009 decreasing Very provisional figures for Northern Kurdish speaker population Population total all countries 20 222 890 3 000 000 monolinguals Especially in Hakkari and Shirnak provinces Status 3 Wider communication Alternate Names Kermancî Kirmancî Kurdi Kurdî Kurmancî Kurmanji Dialects Ashiti Bayezidi Boti Botani Hekari Marashi Mihemedî Shemdinani Shikakî Silivî Dialect differences but all use the same written form A member of macrolanguage Kurdish kur Classification Indo European Indo Iranian Iranian Western Northwestern Kurdish Comments Muslim Sunni Muslim Alevi Yezidi More Information Kyrgyz kir Van and Kars provinces 1 140 in Turkey 1982 Status 5 Dispersed Classification Turkic Western Aralo Caspian Comments Refugees from Afghanistan now Turkish citizens Muslim Sunni More Information Ladino lad Mainly Istanbul some in Izmir Province 10 000 in Turkey Salminen 2007 Ethnic population 15 000 Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Dzhudezmo Haketia Hakitia Judeo Spanish Judezmo Sefardi Spanyol Classification Indo European Italic Romance Italo Western Western Gallo Iberian Ibero Romance West Iberian Castilian Comments Jewish More Information Laz lzz Northeast Rize Kemer Atin Artasen Vitse Arkab Hopa and Sarp Artvin Sakarya Kocaeli and Bolu provinces 20 000 in Turkey Salminen 2007 Population total all countries 22 000 Ethnic population 92 000 1980 Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Chan Chanuri Chanzan Laze Zan Dialects None known Officially considered a single language with Mingrelian xmf called Zan although not mutually inherently intelligible Classification Kartvelian Zan Comments Muslim More Information Pontic pnt Northeast Trabzon Province near southeast Black Sea coast 300 000 in Turkey 2009 Z Diakonikolaou Status 6a Vigorous Classification Indo European Greek Attic Comments Muslim More Information Romani Balkan rmn West widespread 25 000 in Turkey Status 6a Vigorous Dialects Arli Erli Classification Indo European Indo Iranian Indo Aryan Central zone Romani Balkan Comments Muslim More Information Serbian srp Widespread in the west 20 000 in Turkey 1980 2 350 monolinguals 1965 census Ethnic population 61 000 Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Bosnian Classification Indo European Balto Slavic Slavic South Western Comments Muslim More Information Syriac syc Southeast Sanliurfa Province No known L1 speakers Status 9 Dormant Alternate Names Ancient Syriac Classical Syriac Lishana Atiga Suryaya Suryoyo Dialects Eastern Syriac Western Syriac Syrian churches Eastern Nestorian Syrian Orthodox Jacobite and Syrian Catholic Melkite Maronite developed a vast literature based on the Edessa currently Sanliurfa southeastern Turkey variety of the Syrian dialect Assyrian group see Assyrian Neo Aramaic in Iraq and elsewhere separated denominationally from Chaldean see Chaldean Neo Aramaic in Iraq and Jacobite see Turoyo in Turkey and Syria in the Middle Ages Neo Eastern Aramaic languages spoken by Christians are often dubbed Neo Syriac although not directly descended from Syriac Classification Afro Asiatic Semitic Central Aramaic Eastern Comments Christian More Information Tatar tat Istanbul perhaps elsewhere Status 5 Developing Classification Turkic Western Uralian Comments Muslim More Information Turkish tur Widespread as L1 or L2 66 500 000 in Turkey European Commission 2006 Population

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/TR/languages (2016-02-13)
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  • Turkey - Status | Ethnologue
    crh 5 Developing 2 000 in Turkey Kabardian kbd 5 Developing 1 000 000 in Turkey 2005 Circassian Association Tatar tat 5 Developing Turkish Sign Language tsm 5 Developing Uyghur uig 5 Developing 500 in Turkey 1981 Uzbek Southern uzs 5 Developing 1 980 in Turkey 1982 Zazaki Southern diq 5 Developing 1 500 000 Paul 1998 decreasing A few elderly monolinguals Ethnic population 3 000 000 Paul 1998 6a Vigorous Arabic Mesopotamian Spoken acm 6a Vigorous 100 000 in Turkey Arabic North Mesopotamian Spoken ayp 6a Vigorous 400 000 in Turkey 1992 Domari rmt 6a Vigorous 28 500 in Turkey Gunnemark and Kenrick 1985 Hértevin hrt 6a Vigorous 1 000 1999 H Mutzafi Pontic pnt 6a Vigorous 300 000 in Turkey 2009 Z Diakonikolaou Romani Balkan rmn 6a Vigorous 25 000 in Turkey 6b Threatened Abkhaz abk 6b Threatened 4 000 in Turkey 1980 Ethnic population 39 000 Johnstone 2001 Albanian Tosk als 6b Threatened 15 000 in Turkey 1980 1 100 monolinguals 1965 census Ethnic population 65 000 Armenian hye 6b Threatened 40 000 in Turkey 1980 1 000 monolinguals 1965 census Ethnic population 70 000 1980 Georgian kat 6b Threatened 40 000 in Turkey 1980 4 000 monolinguals 1965 census Ethnic population 91 000 Kumyk kum 6b Threatened Laz lzz 6b Threatened 20 000 in Turkey Salminen 2007 Population total all countries 22 000 Ethnic population 92 000 1980 Serbian srp 6b Threatened 20 000 in Turkey 1980 2 350 monolinguals 1965 census Ethnic population 61 000 Turoyo tru 6b Threatened 3 000 in Turkey 1994 H Mutzafi Population total all countries 62 000 Ethnic population 50 000 1994 7 Shifting Balkan Gagauz Turkish bgx 7 Shifting 327 000 in Turkey Johnstone 1993 7 000 Surguch 1965 and 320 000 Yuruk Population total all countries 331 000

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/TR/status (2016-02-13)
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  • Turkmenistan - Languages | Ethnologue
    20 000 in Turkmenistan Bakaev 1962 Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Khorasani Khorasani Kurmanji Kurmancî Kurmanji Classification Indo European Indo Iranian Iranian Western Northwestern Kurdish Comments Muslim Shi a More Information Turkmen tuk 3 430 000 in Turkmenistan 1995 Population total all countries 7 561 110 Ethnic population 3 470 000 1995 Status 1 National Statutory national language 1992 Constitution Article 13 Alternate Names Trukhmen Trukhmeny Turkmani Turkmanian Turkmenler Turkomans Dialects Anauli Cawdur Esari Goklen Khasarli Nerezim Nokhurli Salyr Saryq Teke Tekke Yomud Classification Turkic Southern Turkmenian Comments Turkmen in Syria and possibly Iraq and Jordan actually speak an ancient form of Turkmen so called Turkmen in Tibet may speak a different Turkic language Muslim Sunni More Information Uzbek Northern uzn 317 000 in Turkmenistan Status 5 Dispersed Classification Turkic Eastern More Information Language Status Profile Click to enlarge with explanation Amazon Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print Edition 17th Edition 16th Edition

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/TM/languages (2016-02-13)
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  • Turkmenistan - Status | Ethnologue
    Bakaev 1962 10 Extinct Chagatai chg 10 Extinct No known L1 speakers Language Status Profile Click to enlarge with explanation Amazon Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/TM/status (2016-02-13)
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  • United Arab Emirates - Languages | Ethnologue
    Information Arabic Standard arb Widespread Status 1 National Statutory national language 1996 Constitution Article 7 Classification Afro Asiatic Semitic Central South Arabic More Information Balochi Southern bcc 468 000 in United Arab Emirates 2014 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Baloci Baluchi Baluci Dialects Makrani Lotuni Classification Indo European Indo Iranian Iranian Western Northwestern Balochi Comments Come from Oman Iran and Pakistan Muslim Sunni More Information English eng 100 in United Arab Emirates L2 users Used as L2 for communication among non Arabic speakers Status 3 Wider communication De facto national working language Classification Indo European Germanic West English More Information Pashto Northern pbu 598 000 in United Arab Emirates 2014 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Pakhtoo Pashtu Passtoo Pushto Pusto Classification Indo European Indo Iranian Iranian Eastern Southeastern Pashto Comments Came from Pakistan Muslim More Information Persian Iranian pes 346 000 in United Arab Emirates 2014 Status 5 Dispersed Alternate Names Persian Classification Indo European Indo Iranian Iranian Western Southwestern Persian Comments Muslim More Information Language Status Profile Click to enlarge with explanation Amazon Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/AE/languages (2016-02-13)
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