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  • Denmark - Maps | Ethnologue
    post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print Edition 17th Edition 16th Edition 15th Edition 14th Edition 13th Edition Related Sites SIL org ScriptSource ISO 639 3 Contact SIL International Publications 7500 West Camp

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/DK/maps (2016-02-13)
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  • Estonia - Languages | Ethnologue
    Comments Fingerspelling system unlike other European countries Sign language interpretation service started 1996 Estonian Sign Language was first recognized in 2007 Systematic teaching and research since 1990 at Tartu University 2014 Estonian Association of the Deaf Sign language instruction for parents of deaf children in Tallinn More Information Estonian Standard ekk 1 040 000 in Estonia European Commission 2012 Population total all countries 1 132 500 Status 1 National Statutory national language 1992 Constitution Article 52 1 Alternate Names Eesti Dialects Mulgi Seto Tallinn Reval Tartu Dorpat Dialects are grouped into three Northeastern Coastal Estonian between Tallinn and Narva North Estonian island western central and eastern dialects and South Estonian Mulgi Tartu All the other dialects are assimilated into Standard Estonian Related to Võru vro Vod vot and Finnish fin A member of macrolanguage Estonian est Classification Uralic Finnic Comments Some linguistic influences from Russian rus German deu Swedish swe Latvian lav Lithuanian lit and Finnish fin Christian More Information Russian rus 383 000 in Estonia 2011 census Ethnic population 321 000 2011 census L2 users 725 000 in Estonia European Commission 2012 Status 3 Wider communication De facto national working language Classification Indo European Balto Slavic Slavic East More Information Russian Sign Language rsl Talinn Status 6a Vigorous Classification Deaf sign language More Information Võro vro Põlva Tartu Valga and Võru counties 87 000 2011 census Seto speakers 12 500 2011 census Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Voro Võro Seto Voru Võru Dialects Eastern Võro Seto Western Võro Seto is linguisticaly very close to Eastern Võro but many Setos consider Seto an independent language There are about 5 000 Seto speakers A member of macrolanguage Estonian est Classification Uralic Finnic Comments Christian More Information Language Status Profile Click to enlarge with explanation Amazon Recommendations Join the conversation Create a

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/EE/languages (2016-02-13)
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  • Finland - Languages | Ethnologue
    for the Languages of Finland KOTUS 5 000 deaf signers 2014 EUD 26 500 2014 IMB Status 5 Developing Recognized language 2011 No 61 Institute for sign language status Alternate Names FinSL Suomalainen viittomakieli SVK Viittomakieli Dialects 2 major dialects from the Finnish 17 schools and Swedish 1 school communities Signed Finnish used by some teachers of the deaf is distinct Developed originally out of Swedish Sign Language swl but now distinct Closely related to Finland Swedish Sign Language FinSSL fss but FinSL users generally have difficulty understanding FinSSL unless FinSSL users adapt towards FinSL Some borrowing from Finnish fin Hoyer 2004 Not intelligible with Danish Sign Language dsl Classification Deaf sign language Comments Fingerspelling system similar to French Sign Language fsl First deaf school founded 1850s Government paid interpreters Interpreters required in court Instruction for parents of deaf children Many classes for hearing people Christian Protestant More Information Finnish Tornedalen fit Lapland region western municipalities Muonio Kolari Pello Ylitonio and Tonio 30 000 in Finland 1997 B Winsa Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Meänkieli Classification Uralic Finnic More Information Karelian krl Northern Ostrobothnia region Kuusano municipality Russian border area dispersed 10 000 in Finland 1994 Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Karelian Proper Karely Dialects Norgorod Northern Karelian Southern Karelian Tver Kalinin Classification Uralic Finnic More Information Livvi olo North Karelia and South Karelia regions scattered communities 5 170 in Finland 2000 Ethnic population 140 000 Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Aunus Livvikovian Olonets Olonetsian Classification Uralic Finnic Comments Resettled from areas ceded to Russia between 1940 and 1944 More Information Romani Kalo Finnish rmf Scattered 10 000 in Finland 2001 census Population total all countries 11 650 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Fíntika Rómma Gypsy Dialects None known Not inherently intelligible of Tavringer Romani rmu Traveller Norwegian rmg Traveller Danish rmd or Angloromani rme A member of macrolanguage Romany rom Classification Indo European Indo Iranian Indo Aryan Central zone Romani Northern Comments Originally from Scotland Christian More Information Saami Inari smn Lapland region between Lake Inari and Norway border mostly Utsjoki border town area above 68 00 N latitude 300 2001 census 4 700 all Saami in Finland 1995 Ethnic population 700 1995 M Krauss Status 2 Provincial Statutory provincial language in Sodankyla in Lapland 3 municipalities elsewhere 2003 Sami Language Act No 1086 Alternate Names Anar Finnish Lapp pej Inari Lappish pej Lapp pej Saam Saame Sámi Samic Classification Uralic Sami Eastern Comments Some literature More Information Saami North sme Lapland region Utsjoki Sodankylä western Inari and Enontekiö municipalities 1 700 in Finland 2001 census Ethnic population 3 500 1995 M Krauss Status 6b Threatened Statutory provincial language in Sodankyla in Lapland 3 municipalities elsewhere 2003 Sami Language Act No 1086 Alternate Names Davvin Lapp pej Northern Lapp Saame Same Dialects Ruija Sea Lappish Torne Classification Uralic Sami Western Northern Comments The most widely spoken Saami language in Finland More Information Saami Skolt sms Lapland region Inari municipality Sevettijärvi area 300 in Finland Salminen 2007 Population total all

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/FI/languages (2016-02-13)
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  • Finland - Status | Ethnologue
    in Sodankyla in Lapland 3 municipalities elsewhere 2003 Sami Language Act No 1086 300 2001 census 4 700 all Saami in Finland 1995 Ethnic population 700 1995 M Krauss 5 Dispersed Estonian Standard ekk 5 Dispersed 33 100 in Finland Laakso 2013 5 Developing Finnish Sign Language fse 5 Developing Recognized language 2011 No 61 Institute for sign language status 5 000 2006 Institute for the Languages of Finland KOTUS 5 000 deaf and 10 000 hearing signers 2006 Institute for the Languages of Finland KOTUS 5 000 deaf signers 2014 EUD 26 500 2014 IMB Romani Kalo Finnish rmf 5 Developing 10 000 in Finland 2001 census Population total all countries 11 650 6a Vigorous Finnish Tornedalen fit 6a Vigorous 30 000 in Finland 1997 B Winsa Livvi olo 6a Vigorous 5 170 in Finland 2000 Ethnic population 140 000 6b Threatened Saami North sme 6b Threatened Statutory provincial language in Sodankyla in Lapland 3 municipalities elsewhere 2003 Sami Language Act No 1086 1 700 in Finland 2001 census Ethnic population 3 500 1995 M Krauss 7 Shifting Saami Skolt sms 7 Shifting Statutory language of provincial identity in Sodankyla in Lapland 3 municipalities elsewhere 2003 Sami Language Act No 1086 300 in Finland Salminen 2007 Population total all countries 650 Ethnic population 500 1995 M Krauss 8a Moribund Finland Swedish Sign Language fss 8a Moribund 150 2014 EUD 150 deaf signers out of 300 total signers 2014 EUD Karelian krl 8a Moribund 10 000 in Finland 1994 Language Status Profile Click to enlarge with explanation Ethnologue Products Languages of Finland An Ethnologue Country Report 26 pp 9 95 Browse all products Amazon Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/FI/status (2016-02-13)
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  • France - Languages | Ethnologue
    Iberian Gallo Romance Gallo Rhaetian Oïl French Comments Christian More Information French Sign Language fsl Scattered 100 000 in France 2014 EUD 169 000 2014 IMB Of these approximately 1 000 use Marseille Sign Language Sallagoity 1975 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Langue des Signes Française LSF Dialects Marseille Sign Language Southern French Sign Language Marseille Sign Language Southern French Sign Language is used in Marseille Toulon La Ciotat and Salon de Provence Many sign languages have been derived from or influenced by LSF but are not necessarily intelligible with it When Deaf and hearing people interact in sign they use a mixture of elements drawn from LSF and French and deaf people themselves vary in how much their signing is influenced by French Lexical similarity 58 with American Sign Language ase in an 872 word list Woodward 1978 Classification Deaf sign language Comments Promoted by the educational efforts of Charles Michel de l Épée in the 18th century and one of the first sign languages in the western world to gain recognition as an actual language Consequently it has influenced several other sign languages especially in Europe and the Americas 360 working sign language interpreters 2014 EUD Taught as an L2 to parents and others Christian Roman Catholic More Information Greek ell Corsica region Île de France region Paris and environs Provence Alpes Côte d Azur region Marseilles Rhône Alpes region Grenoble Status 5 Dispersed Dialects Cargese Classification Indo European Greek Attic More Information Italian ita Provence Alpes Côte d Azur and Rhône Alpes regions Nice Savoy and Provence 1 000 000 in France Voegelin and Voegelin 1977 Status 5 Dispersed Classification Indo European Italic Romance Italo Western Italo Dalmatian More Information Ligurian lij Corsica region Bonifacio town Provence Alpes Côte d Azur region between Italy and Monaco borders 300 400 in Corsica Salminen 2007 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Ligure Dialects Genoese Genoan Genovese Classification Indo European Italic Romance Italo Western Western Gallo Iberian Gallo Romance Gallo Italian More Information Luxembourgish ltz Lorraine region Moselle river area Germany border to Luxembourg Thionville 40 000 in France 2001 J Nousse Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Frankish Luxembourgeois Platt Classification Indo European Germanic West High German German Middle German West Middle German Moselle Franconian More Information Lyons Sign Language lsg Rhône Alpes region Lyons city Status 6a Vigorous Dialects None known 405 km from Paris but reportedly little intelligibility with French Sign Language fsl Classification Deaf sign language Comments Very little information about it is available Survey needed to determine if it is still used and if so what is its relationship to French Sign Language fsl More Information Occitan oci Aquitaine Midi Pyrénées and Provence Alpes Côte d Azur regions Languedoc Roussillon except for Pyrenees Orientales department Auvergne region Puy de Dome Cantal and Haute Loire departments Rhône Alpes region Loire Drome Isere and Ardeche departments Limousin region Haute Vienne and Correze departments Poitou Charentes region Charentes department 110 000 in France Bernissan 2012 Population total all countries 218

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/FR/languages (2016-02-13)
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  • France - Status | Ethnologue
    000 5 Dispersed Catalan cat 5 Dispersed 100 000 in France 1996 Population may include L2 speakers Greek ell 5 Dispersed Italian ita 5 Dispersed 1 000 000 in France Voegelin and Voegelin 1977 5 Developing Basque eus 5 Developing 76 200 in France 1991 45 000 Labourdin 22 500 Lower Navarro 8 700 Souletin Ethnic population 730 000 Johnstone 1993 Caló rmq 5 Developing 15 000 in France French Sign Language fsl 5 Developing 100 000 in France 2014 EUD 169 000 2014 IMB Of these approximately 1 000 use Marseille Sign Language Sallagoity 1975 Ligurian lij 5 Developing 300 400 in Corsica Salminen 2007 Luxembourgish ltz 5 Developing 40 000 in France 2001 J Nousse Picard pcd 5 Developing Population total all countries 200 000 Romani Sinte rmo 5 Developing 28 400 in France 2000 Romani Vlax rmy 5 Developing 10 000 in France 8 000 Kalderash 2 000 Lovari 6a Vigorous Alsatian gsw 6a Vigorous 1 500 000 in France Comrie 1987 Lyons Sign Language lsg 6a Vigorous Romani Balkan rmn 6a Vigorous 10 500 in France 10 000 Arlija 500 Dzambazi 6b Threatened Erromintxela emx 6b Threatened 500 in France 2009 J McLaughlin Population total all countries 1 000 Occitan oci 6b Threatened 110 000 in France Bernissan 2012 Population total all countries 218 310 7 Shifting Breton bre 7 Shifting 206 000 2013 R Milin decreasing Vlaams vls 7 Shifting 10 000 in France 1993 M Evenhuis 8a Moribund Arpitan frp 8a Moribund 60 000 in France Salminen 2007 Population total all countries 137 000 10 Extinct Shuadit sdt 10 Extinct No known L1 speakers Zarphatic zrp 10 Extinct No known L1 speakers Language Status Profile Click to enlarge with explanation Ethnologue Products Languages of France An Ethnologue Country Report 31 pp 9 95 Browse

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/FR/status (2016-02-13)
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  • France - Feedback | Ethnologue
    spoken in part of Lorraine is not Alsatian nor does it belong to Alemannic In Lorraine Franconian is spoken it is West Middle German and not even easily mutually intelligible with Alemannic High German Alsatian Furthermore we may distinguish within the Germanic part of Lorraine three variants Luxembourgish in the Western area of theDepartement Moselle and in Luxembourg which you did mention though there are no coal miners there but iron mines Moselle Franconian in the North central part of the Departement Moselle and in the Western part of Saarland in Germany Rhenish Franconian in the Eastern part of the Departement Moselle in Saarland in the German Palatinate Hesse and North Western Alsace I think that it is estimated that 200 000 people still use Franconian everyday in Lorraine though it is no longer transmitted to children Maps and articles corroborating this might easily be found on the Internet Editorial Action No action taken View the Discussion Language Status Profile Click to enlarge with explanation Ethnologue Products Languages of France An Ethnologue Country Report 31 pp 9 95 Browse all products Amazon Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/FR/feedback (2016-02-13)
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  • Germany - Languages | Ethnologue
    pfl Rheinland Pfalz state Southwest Palatinate Rheinpfalz Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Pfälzisch Pfälzische Dialects Various dialects Classification Indo European Germanic West High German German Middle German West Middle German Rhenisch Franconian Comments Literature More Information Plautdietsch pdt Rheinland Pfalz state east of Saarbrucken Hessen state south of Frankfurt northwest Baden Württemberg State 90 000 in Germany 1996 R Epp Status 7 Shifting Classification Indo European Germanic West Low Saxon Low Franconian Low Saxon Comments Plautdietsch Freunde is an association in Germany for documentation and promotion of Plautdietsch More Information Polish pol Sachsen and Brandenburg states Silesia area Nordrhein Westfalen state Ruhr area 241 000 in Germany Status 5 Dispersed Alternate Names Polnisch Polski Classification Indo European Balto Slavic Slavic West Lechitic Comments Christian More Information Romani Balkan rmn Scattered 3 500 in Germany 2 000 Arlija and 1 500 Dzambazi Status 6a Vigorous Dialects Arli Erli Dzambazi Classification Indo European Indo Iranian Indo Aryan Central zone Romani Balkan Comments Muslim More Information Romani Sinte rmo Niedersachsen and Hamburg states colonies south 80 000 in Germany 2000 Ethnic population 200 000 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Rommanes Sinte Sintí Ziguener Dialects Eftawagaria Estracharia Gadschkene Kranaria Krantiki Praistiki Classification Indo European Indo Iranian Indo Aryan Central zone Romani Northern Comments Seminomadic Christian More Information Romani Vlax rmy Scattered 5 000 in Germany 2 500 Lovari 2 500 4 000 Kalderash Status 5 Developing Dialects Kalderash Lovari Classification Indo European Indo Iranian Indo Aryan Central zone Romani Vlax Comments Christian More Information Saterfriesisch stq Niedersachsen state Saterland East Frisia Strücklingen Ramsloh and Scharrel towns 1 000 Salminen 2007 Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Saterfriesiesch Saterlandic Saterlandic Frisian Saterländisch Dialects None known Not intelligible of East Frisian Low Saxon frs Related to Frisian fry and Northern Frisian frr Classification Indo European Germanic West Frisian Comments Ethnic group name is Saterfriesen or Friesen Christian More Information Saxon East Frisian Low frs Niedersachsen state Ostfriesland Lower Saxony Emden and Oldenburg towns area Saterland Jeverland and Butjadingen 2 000 2003 Population total all countries 5 120 Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Ostfriesisch Dialects None known Not intelligible of Frisian fry of the Netherlands or Northern Frisian frr 1978 E Matteson or Saterfriesisch stq 2001 W Smidt Lexical similarity 77 with Standard German deu 74 with Frisian fry Classification Indo European Germanic West Low Saxon Low Franconian Low Saxon More Information Saxon Low nds Niedersachsen state north of a line from Aachen to Frankfurt an der Oder 1 000 10 000 000 understand it in Germany but many fewer are native speakers 1996 R Hahn Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Low German Nedderdütsch Neddersassisch Nedersaksisch Niederdeutsch Niedersaechsisch Plattdeutsch Plattdüütsch Dialects Eastphalian Ostfaelisch Ostfälisch Holsteinisch Holsatian Mark Brandenburg East Prussian Maerkisch Brandenburgisch Margravian Märkisch Brandenburgisch Mecklenburg Anterior Pomerania Mecklenburgisch Vorpommersch Pomeranian Northern Low Saxon North Low Saxon Sleswickian Westphalian Listed dialects are in Germany The first 3 dialects listed are Western Low Saxon the other 2 are Eastern Low Saxon Not intelligible to speakers of Standard German deu

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/DE/languages (2016-02-13)
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