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  • Romania - Languages | Ethnologue
    Information Hungarian Sign Language hsh Scattered Transylvania region Status 5 Developing Classification Deaf sign language Comments Transylvania was under Hungarian control until World War II Christian Orthodox More Information Italian ita Timis department historically in Transylvania region 2 560 in Romania 2002 census L2 users 1 500 000 in Romania European Commission 2012 Status 5 Dispersed Recognized language 2005 National Minority Status Law Article 3 2 Classification Indo European Italic Romance Italo Western Italo Dalmatian More Information Polish pol Suceava department 2 760 in Romania 2002 census Status 5 Dispersed Alternate Names Polski Classification Indo European Balto Slavic Slavic West Lechitic Comments Christian More Information Romani Balkan rmn Scattered Black Sea region Status 6a Vigorous Dialects Ursári Usari Classification Indo European Indo Iranian Indo Aryan Central zone Romani Balkan Comments Many moved to Germany since 1989 Muslim More Information Romani Carpathian rmc Scattered Transylvania Status 5 Developing Dialects Galician Transylvanian Classification Indo European Indo Iranian Indo Aryan Central zone Romani Northern Comments Christian More Information Romani Vlax rmy Scattered 242 000 in Romania 2002 census 6 000 000 to 11 000 000 Gypsies in the world 1987 I Hancock Population total all countries 484 780 Status 6b Threatened Recognized language 2001 Local Public Administration Law No 215 Article 40 7 others Alternate Names Danubian Gypsy Romanese Tsigene Vlax Romany Dialects Churari Churarícko Sievemakers Eastern Vlax Romani Bisa Gabor Ghagar Grekurja Greco Kalderash Coppersmith Kelderashícko Lovari Lovarícko Machvano Machvanmcko North Albanian Sedentary Bulgarian Sedentary Romanian Serbo Bosnian South Albanian Ukraine Moldavia Zagundzi Kalderash Ursari and Churari are occupational ethnonyms Machvano is a geographical one Other names are Argintari silversmith and Lingurari spoonmakers Machvano and Serbian Kalderash have south Slavic superstratum Russian Kalderash influenced by east Slavic mainly Russian rus Lovari influenced by Hungarian hun Grekurja is probably Turkish tur influenced distinct from Greek Romani dialect of Balkan Romani rmn All 20 or more Vlax dialects are inherently intelligible differences are mainly lexical and sociolinguistic I Hancock A member of macrolanguage Romany rom Classification Indo European Indo Iranian Indo Aryan Central zone Romani Vlax Comments Ethnic groups Chache Kalderari Lovári Ethnonym Roma Christian More Information Romanian ron Widespread Muntenian dialect Muntenia or Wallachia other dialects north and west including Transylvania 19 900 000 in Romania European Commission 2012 Population total all countries 23 681 610 Status 1 National Statutory national language 2003 Constitution Article 13 Alternate Names Daco Rumanian Moldavian Rumanian Dialects Banat Bayash Moldavian Muntenian Walachian Transylvanian Little dialect variation Bayash are Gypsies whose dialect is based on Banat but influenced by Balkan Romani rmn and Hungarian hun Lexical similarity 77 with Italian ita 75 with French fra 74 with Sardinian sdn 73 with Catalan cat 72 with Portuguese por and Rheto Romance roh 71 with Spanish spa Classification Indo European Italic Romance Eastern Comments Christian More Information Romanian Sign Language rms Scattered 24 600 in Romania 2014 EUD 93 500 2014 IMB Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Limbaj Mimico Gestual Romanesc pej Limbajul Semenelor Romanesc LMGR pej LSR Dialects Variation

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/RO/languages (2016-02-13)
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  • Romania - Status | Ethnologue
    language of national identity 2001 Local Public Administration Law No 215 Article 40 7 others 45 100 in Romania 2002 census L2 users 1 300 000 in Romania European Commission 2006 Greek ell 5 Dispersed 4 150 in Romania 2002 census Italian ita 5 Dispersed Recognized language 2005 National Minority Status Law Article 3 2 2 560 in Romania 2002 census L2 users 1 500 000 in Romania European Commission 2012 Polish pol 5 Dispersed 2 760 in Romania 2002 census Serbian srp 5 Dispersed 27 000 in Romania 2002 census Slovak slk 5 Dispersed Recognized language 2001 Local Public Administration Law No 215 Article 40 7 others 16 100 in Romania 2002 census Turkish tur 5 Dispersed 28 700 in Romania 2002 census Ukrainian ukr 5 Dispersed Recognized language 2001 Local Public Administration Law No 215 Article 40 7 others 57 600 in Romania 2002 census 5 Developing Albanian Gheg aln 5 Developing Recognized language 2005 National Minority Status Law Article 3 2 480 in Romania 2002 census Aromanian rup 5 Developing 28 000 in Romania Crimean Tatar crh 5 Developing 22 000 in Romania 2006 A Goriainov Gagauz gag 5 Developing Hungarian Sign Language hsh 5 Developing Romani Carpathian rmc 5 Developing Romanian Sign Language rms 5 Developing 24 600 in Romania 2014 EUD 93 500 2014 IMB Yiddish Eastern ydd 5 Developing Recognized language 2005 National Minority Status Law Article 3 2 1 100 in Romania 2002 census 6a Vigorous Romani Balkan rmn 6a Vigorous 6b Threatened Romani Vlax rmy 6b Threatened Recognized language 2001 Local Public Administration Law No 215 Article 40 7 others 242 000 in Romania 2002 census 6 000 000 to 11 000 000 Gypsies in the world 1987 I Hancock Population total all countries 484 780 Language Status Profile Click to enlarge

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/RO/status (2016-02-13)
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  • Russian Federation - Languages | Ethnologue
    North Sakhalin Gilyak Amur and East Sakhalin dialects have difficult inherent mutual intelligibility North Sakhalin is between them linguistically Classification Language isolate More Information Hinukh gin Dagestan Republic Tsuntinsky district Ginukh 5 2010 census Ethnic population 440 2010 census Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Ginukh Ginukhtsy Ginux Hinuq Hinux Dialects None known Close to Tsez Dido ddo but probably not inherently intelligible Classification North Caucasian East Caucasian Tsezic West Tsezic Comments Hinukh men marry Dido women Hinukh women marry men from other ethnic groups Muslim More Information Hunzib huz Dagestan Republic Tsuntinsky district Nakhada Gunzib and Garbutl Kizilyurtovksy district Stalskoe 1 010 in Russian Federation 2010 census Population total all countries 1 420 Ethnic population 2 000 Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Enzeb Gunzib Khunzal Khunzaly Xunzal Dialects None known Separate from Bezhta kap 1989 B Comrie but reportedly very similar to it Classification North Caucasian East Caucasian Tsezic East Tsezic Comments Muslim More Information Ingrian izh Leningradskaya Oblast and Sankt Peterburg Kingisepp and Lomonosov areas 120 2010 census L1 speakers should not be confused with Ingrian Finns who speak Finnish fin Ethnic population 820 1989 census Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Ingermanlandian Inkeroisen Izhor Izhorian Dialects Khava Lower Luzh Oredezh Upper Luzh Soykin Reportedly similar to Karelian krl Oredezh dialect is extinct Classification Uralic Finnic Comments Christian More Information Ingush inh Ingushetiya Republic Severnaya Osetiya Alaniya Kabardino Balkariya and Chechnya Republic 306 000 in Russian Federation 2010 census Population total all countries 322 900 Ethnic population 445 000 2010 census Status 4 Educational Statutory language of provincial identity in Ingushetia 1993 Constitution Article 68 2 Alternate Names Galgay Ghalghay Ingus Kisti Kistin Dialects None known Somewhat intelligible with Chechen che more so with contact Classification North Caucasian East Caucasian Nakh Chechen Ingush Comments Ethnic autonym Ghalghay 1944 1957 deported to Kazakhstan and Siberia losing 25 to 50 of the population Lost much land economic resources and civil rights Removed from Vladikavkaz in late 1992 but many returned Muslim Hanafi Sunni More Information Itelmen itl Kamchatka west coast Tigil region Kamchatka district Petropavlovsk Kamchatskij 80 2010 census decreasing Ethnic population 3 200 2010 census Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Itelymem Kamchadal Kamchatka Western Itelmen Dialects Sedanka Xajrjuzovo Classification Chukotko Kamchatkan Southern Comments 1950s 1980s the state sent children to boarding schools Traditional religion More Information Judeo Tat jdt Dagestan Republic Makhachkala Majalis Derbent Buinaksk and Kizlyar south of Pyatigorsk North Ossetia Alania Mozdok Kabardino Balkariya Republic Nalchyk Chechnya Republic Grozniy 2 010 in Russian Federation 2010 census Census includes Tat ttt Population total all countries 96 010 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Bik Dzhuhuric Hebrew Tat Jewish Tat Judeo Tatic Juhuri Lahji Mountain Jewish Musulman Tats Tati Dialects North Tat South Tat Classification Indo European Indo Iranian Iranian Western Southwestern Tat Comments Tat is not an ethnic name It is a Turkic term for nomads Ethnonym Bik known as Mountain Jews Ethnic autonym Juwri or Juhuri Tradition says they lived in the Caucasus since 722 A D Different from Takestani tks of Iran Jewish More Information Kabardian kbd Kabardino Balkariya Republic Severnaya Osetiya Alaniya and Stavropol skiy Kray 516 000 in Russian Federation 2010 census Population total all countries 1 628 500 36 700 monolinguals 2002 census Ethnic population 590 000 2010 census Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Beslenei East Circassian Kabard Kabardino Cherkes Kabardo Cherkess Kabardo Cherkessian Upper Circassian Dialects Baksan Beslenei Beslenej Cherkes Greater Kabardian Kuban Lesser Kabardian Malka Mozdok Reportedly similar to Adygey ady Classification North Caucasian West Caucasian Circassian Comments Muslim Sunni More Information Kalmyk Oirat xal Kalmykiya Republic Astrakhanskaya Oblast and Stavropol skiy Kray Volga Don steppes northwest of the Caspian north of the Caucasus Dörböt dialect mostly west Kalmykia Torgut dialect mostly east lower Volga region Province 80 500 in Russian Federation 2010 census Population total all countries 360 800 Ethnic population 183 000 2010 census Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names European Oirat Kalmack Kalmuck Kalmuk Kalmytskii Jazyk Khalli Oirat Qalmaq Volga Oirat Western Mongolian Dialects Buzawa Dörböt Derbet Dörbet Dörböd Oirat Oyrat Sart Qalmaq Torgut Torghoud Torghud Torguud Torguut Diverged from other Mongolian languages Called Kalmyk in the Russian Federation Oirat in China and Mongolia in the United States Kalmyk not heavily influenced by Russian rus Different from other varieties in China called Oirat xal which are sometimes called Asiatic Oirat In Mongolia some scholars consider Oirat to be a dialect of Halh Mongolian khk Classification Mongolic Eastern Oirat Khalkha Oirat Kalmyk Darkhat Comments The modern literary language is mainly based on the Torgut dialect though it incorporates a large number of concessions to Dörböt Buddhist Lamaist More Information Kamas xas Krasnoyarskiy Kray Sayan mountains Abalakovo village No known L1 speakers The last speaker died in 1989 Salminen 2007 Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Kamassian Dialects Kamassian Koibal Khoibal Classification Uralic Samoyed Southern Samoyed Comments Originally in Siberia Different from the Kamassian dialect of Khakas kjh More Information Karachay Balkar krc Karachayevo Cherkesiya and Kabardino Balkariya Republic 305 000 in Russian Federation 2010 census Population total all countries 310 270 Ethnic population 314 000 2010 census Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Balkarian Balqar Karacaylar Karachai Karachaitsy Karachay Karachayla Dialects Balkar Karachay Baksan Chegem Classification Turkic Western Ponto Caspian Comments Balkar and Karachay almost identical Muslim Sunni More Information Karagas kim Siberia Irkutskaya Oblast Nizhneudinsk district Alygdzher Nerkha and Verkhnyaya Gutara villages 93 2010 census Less than 40 fluent speakers same number of passive speakers Salminen 2007 Ethnic population 760 2010 census Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Kamas Karagass Sayan Samoyed Tofa Tofalar Classification Turkic Northern Comments Christian More Information Karata kpt Dagestan Republic Akhvakhsky district 9 villages 260 2010 census Ethnic population 4 790 2010 census Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Karatai Karatay Karatin Kirdi Dialects Karata proper Anchix Archo Chabakaroi Enkhelo Ratsitl Tokita Tokitin Karatin and Tokitin dialects are quite different Classification North Caucasian East Caucasian Avar Andic Andic Comments Muslim More Information Karelian krl Kareliya Republic Murmanskaya Oblast and Leningradskaya Oblast some in Tverskaya Oblast mainly Tolmachi area Maksatikha and Ves yegonsk 25 600 in Russian Federation 2010 census Census includes Livvi Karelian olo and Ludian lud Population total all countries 35 600 Ethnic population 60 800 2010 census Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Karelian Proper Karel skiy Jazyk Karely Severno Karel skij Sobstvenno Karel skij Jazyk Dialects Northern Karelian Novgorod Southern Karelian Tver Kalinin Ludian lud and Livvi Karelian olo are separate languages Classification Uralic Finnic Comments Two language nests started in 1999 and 2002 in northwestern county center of Kalevala Salminen 2007 More Information Kerek krk Kamchatskaya Oblast Cape Navarin Chukchi villages No known L1 speakers Salminen 2007 3 elderly speakers in 1991 Salminen 2007 Ethnic population 4 2010 census Status 9 Dormant Dialects Khatyrka Xatyrskij Mainypilgino Majna Pil ginskij Formerly considered a dialect of Chukchi ckt Classification Chukotko Kamchatkan Northern Koryak Alyutor More Information Ket ket Krasnoyarskiy Kray Turukhansk and Baikitsk regions Upper Yenisei valley Sulomai Bakhta Verkhneimbatsk Kellog Kangatovo Surgutikha Vereshchagino Baklanikha Farkovo Goroshikha and Maduyka villages eastern Siberia east of Khanti kca and Mansi mns language areas 210 2010 census 0 monolinguals Ethnic population 1 220 2010 census Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Imbatski Ket Yenisei Ostyak Yenisey Ostiak Yenisey Ostyak Classification Yeniseian Comments Traditional way of life has changed Traditional religion More Information Khakas kjh Khakasiya Republic north of Altai mountains Krasnoyarskiy Kray north Kemerovskaya Oblast scattered throughout Russia 42 600 in Russian Federation 2010 census Spoken by about 10 of the population of Khakasia Salminen 2007 Population total all countries 42 610 1 500 monolinguals 2002 census Ethnic population 73 000 2010 census Status 5 Developing Statutory language of provincial identity in Khakassia Republic 1993 Constitution Article 68 2 Alternate Names Abakan Tatar Hakass Khakhass Xakas Yenisei Yennisej Tatar Dialects Beltir Kachin Kaca Khaas Xaas Kamass Kamassian Koibal Xoibal Kyzyl Khyzyzl Xyzyl Sagai Sagaj Saghai Shor Kamass dialect is extinct Salminen 2007 Classification Turkic Northern Comments Fewer young people speak Khakas than previous generations but more children study it in school than 20 years ago Traditional religion Christian Orthodox More Information Khanty kca Khanty Mansiyskiy Avtonomnyy Okrug Yamalo Nenetskiy Avtonomnyy Okrug and Tomskaya Oblast east past the Mansi mns language area along Ob river 9 580 2010 census Mostly speakers of Northern Khanty 2 000 speakers of Eastern Khanty and probably no speakers left in Southern Khanty Salminen 2007 Ethnic population 30 900 2010 census Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Hanty Khant Khanti Ostjak Ostyak Xanty Dialects Eastern Khanti Northern Khanti Southern Khanti Vach Vasyugan Intelligibility difficult between geographically distant dialects 3 dialect groups Vach archaic Dialect used in writing rejected by many speakers Classification Uralic Comments Traditional religion More Information Khvarshi khv Dagestan Republic Tsumadinsky district Khvarshi Inkhokvari Santlada Kvantlada and Khonokh villages 1 740 2010 census 1 000 Inxokvari speakers Salminen 2007 Ethnic population 1 870 2002 census Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Atl ilqo Khvarsh Khvarshin Xvarshi Xvarshik Dialects Inxokvari Inkhokvari Xvarshi proper Classification North Caucasian East Caucasian Tsezic West Tsezic Comments Traditional territory and way of life Sometimes Xvarshi and Inxokvari are treated as two separate languages Muslim More Information Komi kom A macrolanguage Population total all languages 219 100 Comments Includes Komi Permyak koi Komi Zyrian kpv More Information Komi Permyak koi Permskiy Kray west of central Ural mountains south of Komi Zyrian area 63 100 2010 census Ethnic population 94 500 2010 census Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Kama Permyak Komi Perm Komi Permyat Permian Permyak Dialects North Permyak Kochin Kam South Permyak Inyven Zyudin Lexical similarity 80 with Komi Zyrian kpv and Udmurt udm A member of macrolanguage Komi kom Classification Uralic Permian Komi Comments Some literature available Ancient literary and cultural traditions More densely populated and mixed higher education and more assimilated to national culture than Komi Zyrian Christian traditional religion More Information Komi Zyrian kpv Komi Republic Arkhangel skaya Oblast and Nenetskiy Avtonomnyy Okrug near the Arctic sea south of Yurak yrk west of Vogul Mansi mns language areas 156 000 2010 census Ethnic population 228 000 2010 census Status 5 Developing Statutory language of national identity 1993 Constitution Article 68 2 Alternate Names Komi Komi Zyryan Zyrian Dialects Yazva Lexical similarity 80 with Komi Permyak koi and Udmurt udm A member of macrolanguage Komi kom Classification Uralic Permian Komi Comments Christian traditional religion More Information Korean kor 42 400 in Russian Federation 2010 census Status 5 Dispersed Classification Koreanic More Information Koryak kpy Kamchatka north half of peninsula south of the Chukchi ckt language area also in Magadanskaya Oblast 1 670 2010 census Ethnic population 7 950 2010 census Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Chavchuven Nymylan Dialects Apokinskij Apukin Cavcuvenskij Chavchuven Gin Itkan Kamenskij Kamen Palan Paren Xatyrskij Koryak and Alutor alr border not yet been defined Chachuve Northern Koryak and Alutor now separated Alutor formerly considered a dialect of Koryak Classification of other dialects unclear Chavchuven Palan and Kamen dialects apparently not inherently intelligible Classification Chukotko Kamchatkan Northern Koryak Alyutor Comments Chavchuven used by reindeer herding tribes all others use Nymylan Traditional religion Christian More Information Kumyk kum Dagestan Republic north and east plain 426 000 in Russian Federation 2010 census Population total all countries 426 550 Ethnic population 503 000 2010 census Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Kumuk Kumuklar Kumyki Dialects Buinaksk Khaitag Khasavyurt Podgorniy Terek Dialects quite divergent Classification Turkic Western Ponto Caspian Comments Different from Kumux dialect of Lak lbe Muslim Sunni More Information Lak lbe Dagestan Republic 146 000 in Russian Federation 2010 census Population total all countries 152 050 Ethnic population 179 000 2010 census Status 4 Educational Alternate Names Kazikumukhtsy Laki Dialects Arakul Ashtikulin Balxar Calakan Balkar Tsalakan Kayalin Mashikin Kumux Kumkh Pervotsovkrin Shali Shandi Vicxin Vitskhin Vixlin Vikhlin Classification North Caucasian East Caucasian Lak Comments Muslim Sunni More Information Lezgi lez Dagestan Republic west of Caspian sea coast central Caucasus 402 000 in Russian Federation 2010 census Population total all countries 789 520 Ethnic population 474 000 2010 census Status 4 Educational Alternate Names Kiurinsty Lezghi Lezgian Lezgin Dialects Kiuri Gelkhen Giliar Güne Qurah Yarki Quba Kuba Samur Akhty Dashagyl Filfil Doquzpara Fiy Jaba Qurush Classification North Caucasian East Caucasian Lezgic Nuclear Lezgic East Lezgic Comments Muslim Sunni Muslim Shi a More Information Livvi Karelian olo Kareliya Republic Olonetsky western Pryazhinsky and southwest Kondopozhsky districts also in Leningradskaya Oblast 25 600 in Russian Federation 2010 census Census includes Karelian krl and Ludian lud Population total all countries 30 770 Ethnic population 65 000 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Karelian Livvi Livvikovian Livvikovskij Jazyk Olonets Southern Olonetsian Dialects None known Reportedly similar to Karelian krl and Finnish fin Classification Uralic Finnic Comments Ludian lud is transitional between Livvi Karelian and Veps vep Distinct from Karelian and Ludian More Information Ludian lud Kareliya Republic central Kondopozhsky and eastern Pryazhinsky districts Olonetsky district Mikhaylovskoye region also in Leningradskaya Oblast 3 000 2012 T Salminen Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Ludic Lüüdi Lüüdikiel Lyudic Lyudikovian Dialects None known Ludian is transitional between Livvi Karelian olo and Veps vep Separate from Karelian krl and Livvi Karelian olo Classification Uralic Finnic More Information Mansi mns Khanty Mansiyskiy Avtonomnyy Okrug and Sverdlovskaya Oblast between Ural and Ob rivers 940 2010 census Ethnic population 12 300 2010 census Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Mansiy Vogul Vogulich Voguly Dialects Eastern Vogul Eastern Mansi Kondin Northern Vogul Northern Mansi Ob Sos va Sosyvin Sygva Upper Lozyvin Western Vogul Lower Lozyvin Middle Lozyvin Pelym Vagily Western Mansi Mostly Northern Vogul speakers probably only a handful of elderly speakers of Eastern Vogul Western Vogul is probably extinct Southern Vogul was extinct before 1950 Salminen 2007 Reportedly most similar to Hungarian hun Classification Uralic Comments Traditional religion More Information Mari chm A macrolanguage Population total all languages 509 090 Comments Includes Hill Mari mrj Meadow Mari mhr More Information Mari Hill mrj Mariy El Republic Nizhegorodskaya Oblast south of the Volga 30 000 2012 T Salminen Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Cheremis Gorno Mariy High Mari Mari Hills Western Mari Dialects Kozymodemyan Yaran Lexical phonological and morphological differences with Meadow Mari mhr A member of macrolanguage Mari chm Classification Uralic Mari Comments Christian traditional religion More Information Mari Meadow mhr Mariy El Republic Bashkortostan Sverdlovskaya Oblast Kirovskaya Oblast and Permskiy Kray east of the Volga 470 000 in Russian Federation 2012 T Salminen Population total all countries 479 090 Ethnic population 548 000 2010 census Status 4 Educational Alternate Names Cheremis Eastern Mari Low Mari Lugovo Mari Mari Mari Woods Dialects Grassland Mari Meadow Mari Sernur Morkin Volga Yoshkar Olin A member of macrolanguage Mari chm Classification Uralic Mari Comments In many publications the term Eastern Mari is reserved for the diaspora groups outside the Republic Christian traditional religion More Information Moksha mdf Mordoviya Republic Nizhegorodskaya Oblast and Penzenskaya Oblast 2 030 2010 census Ethnic population 4 770 2010 census Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Mokshan Mordoff Mordov Mordvin Moksha Dialects None known Very different from Erzya myv Classification Uralic Mordvin Comments There are Moksha villages where people speak hardly any other language except Moksha Christian More Information Mongolian Halh khk Buryatiya Republic 8 830 in Russian Federation 2010 census Ethnic population 11 500 2000 census Status 3 Wider communication Alternate Names Central Mongolian Halh Khalkha Mongolian Mongol Dialects Dariganga Khalkha Halh Ujumuchin Urat Classification Mongolic Eastern Oirat Khalkha Khalkha Buriat Mongolian Proper Comments Halh is basis for literary Mongolian Buddhist More Information Nanai gld Khabarovskiy Kray extreme far east confluence of Amur and Ussuri rivers scattered in Ussuri valley Sikhote Alin centered in Amur valley below 1 350 in Russian Federation 2010 census Population total all countries 1 390 Ethnic population 12 000 2010 census Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Gold Goldi Heche Hezhe Hezhen Nanaj Dialects Akani Birar Kila Kuro Urmi Samagir Sunggari Torgon Ussuri Quite distinct dialects Classification Tungusic Southern Southeast Nanaj Comments Traditional religion More Information Negidal neg Khabarovskiy Kray Kamenka and Im Paulina Osipenko region lower reaches of Amur river 74 2010 census Only a few fully fluent Salminen 2007 Ethnic population 510 2010 census Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names El kan Beye Elkembey Ilkan Beye Neghidal Negidaly Dialects Nizovsk Verkhovsk Classification Tungusic Northern Negidal Comments From 1950s 1980s the state sent children to boarding schools Contacts and intermarriage with the Ulch Nanai and Nivkh in the Amur area Traditional religion More Information Nenets yrk Nenetskiy Avtonomnyy Okrug Yamalo Nenetskiy Avtonomnyy Okrug and Khanty Mansiyskiy Avtonomnyy Okrug also in Krasnoyarskiy Kray Komi and Arkhangel skaya Oblast northwest Siberia north Dvina river mouth tundra area to Yenisei river delta scattered in Kola peninsula 21 900 2010 census Ethnic population 44 600 2010 census Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Nenec Nenetsy Nentse Yurak Yurak Samoyed Dialects Forest Yurak Tundra Yurak Classification Uralic Samoyed Northern Samoyed Comments Mainly nomadic Christian traditional religion More Information Nganasan nio Siberia Taimyr peninsula Krasnoyarskiy Kray Duinka region Ust Avam and Volochanka villages Khatang region Novaya village northernmost people in Russia near Yakut sah Dolgan dlg Nenets yrk and Tundra Enets enh language areas 130 2010 census A group of about 100 lead a semi nomadic life in Dudypta river region near Ust Avam Salminen 2007 Ethnic population 860 2010 census Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Nya Tavgi Samoyed Dialects Avam West Nganasan Khatang Classification Uralic Samoyed Northern Samoyed Comments 2 ethnic groups Avam and Vadeyev From 1960s 1980s resettled in villages formerly used as winter quarters or trading posts along migratory routes in 1940s Previous intermittent contact with Tundra Enets and Nenets and formerly officially were considered part of them Resettlement brought close contact with Russian Ukrainian ukr Belarusian bel and Tatar tat Traditional religion More Information Nogai nog Karachay Cherkessia Republic Dagestan Republic Nogay Tarumovka Kizlyar and Babayurt districts Chechnya Republic Shelkovskaya district Stavropol District Neftekumsk Mineral nyye Vody and Kochubeyevskoye counties northern Caucasus 87 100 in Russian Federation 2010 census decreasing Population total all countries 87 410 Ethnic population 104 000 2010 census Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Karanogai Kubanogai Nogaitsy Nogalar Nogay Noghai Noghay Noghaylar Dialects Black Nogai Kara Central Nogai White Nogai

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/RU/languages (2016-02-13)
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  • Russian Federation - Status | Ethnologue
    30 000 2012 T Salminen Moksha mdf 5 Developing 2 030 2010 census Ethnic population 4 770 2010 census Nogai nog 5 Developing 87 100 in Russian Federation 2010 census decreasing Population total all countries 87 410 Ethnic population 104 000 2010 census Ossetic oss 5 Developing Statutory language of provincial identity in North Ossetia Alania 1993 Constitution Article 68 2 451 000 in Russian Federation 2010 census Population total all countries 569 650 Ethnic population 529 000 2010 census Russian Sign Language rsl 5 Developing 121 000 in Russian Federation 2010 census 715 000 2014 IMB Selkup sel 5 Developing 1 020 2010 census Central Selkup 200 speakers Northern Selkup 1 000 to 1 500 speakers Southern Selkup less than 100 speakers Salminen 2007 Ethnic population 3 900 2010 census Tsakhur tkr 5 Developing 10 600 in Russian Federation 2010 census Ethnic population 12 800 2010 census Udmurt udm 5 Developing 324 000 in Russian Federation 2010 census Population total all countries 339 800 Ethnic population 554 000 2010 census 6a Vigorous Aghul agx 6a Vigorous 29 300 2010 census Ethnic population 34 200 2010 census Bagvalal kva 6a Vigorous 1 450 2010 census Domari rmt 6a Vigorous 500 in Russian Federation 2006 Karata kpt 6a Vigorous 260 2010 census Ethnic population 4 790 2010 census Tatar Siberian sty 6a Vigorous 101 000 2012 M Sagidullin 6b Threatened Akhvakh akv 6b Threatened 210 in Russian Federation 2010 census Ethnic population 7 930 2010 census Altai Northern atv 6b Threatened 57 400 2010 census 2 000 Tuba several thousand Kumandy 2 000 Chalkan Salminen 2007 Census includes Southern Altai alt Ethnic population 74 200 2010 census Includes Southern Altai alt Andi ani 6b Threatened 5 800 2010 census Ethnic population 11 800 2010 census Archi aqc 6b Threatened 970 2010 census Botlikh bph 6b Threatened 210 2010 census Ethnic population 3 500 2010 census Chamalal cji 6b Threatened 500 2010 census Ethnic population 5 000 1990 A Kibrik Chukchi ckt 6b Threatened 5 100 2010 census Ethnic population 15 900 2010 census Dido ddo 6b Threatened 11 700 in Russian Federation 2010 census Ethnic population 12 500 2010 census Dolgan dlg 6b Threatened 1 050 2010 census Ethnic population 7 890 2010 census Hinukh gin 6b Threatened 5 2010 census Ethnic population 440 2010 census Hunzib huz 6b Threatened 1 010 in Russian Federation 2010 census Population total all countries 1 420 Ethnic population 2 000 Kalmyk Oirat xal 6b Threatened 80 500 in Russian Federation 2010 census Population total all countries 360 800 Ethnic population 183 000 2010 census Khanty kca 6b Threatened 9 580 2010 census Mostly speakers of Northern Khanty 2 000 speakers of Eastern Khanty and probably no speakers left in Southern Khanty Salminen 2007 Ethnic population 30 900 2010 census Khvarshi khv 6b Threatened 1 740 2010 census 1 000 Inxokvari speakers Salminen 2007 Ethnic population 1 870 2002 census Nenets yrk 6b Threatened 21 900 2010 census Ethnic population 44 600 2010 census Romani

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  • Russian Federation - Feedback | Ethnologue
    for single academic use of a high resolution watermark free map 24 95 Browse all products Amazon Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/RU/feedback (2016-02-13)
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  • Languages of Russian Federation | Ethnologue
    An index of ISO 639 3 codes An index of language names including primary alternate and dialect names A bibliography of references cited The report is disseminated as a digital download It is paginated with cross references rendered as page numbers so that the user may print the report and use it in that form However the cross reference page numbers are also hot links that jump to the referenced location when the report is used with a PDF reader in its digital form Ethnologue report license agreement Each Ethnologue country report is a licensed product with restricted terms of use Before purchasing the product you must agree to the following terms This is a license for individual use Just as with a conventionally published book it is a violation of copyright to make a copy and give it to others You may not redistribute this work in any form including ingesting the contents into a database that is shared with others or posting it on a web site whether public or private To inquire about permission for reuse or redistribution use the Contact Us form and select Request Copyright Permissions Buying Options File Languages of Russian Federation An Ethnologue

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  • San Marino - Languages | Ethnologue
    Iberian Gallo Romance Gallo Italian More Information Language Status Profile Click to enlarge with explanation Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print Edition 17th Edition

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/SM/languages (2016-02-13)
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  • San Marino - Status | Ethnologue
    enlarge with explanation Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print Edition 17th Edition 16th Edition 15th Edition 14th Edition 13th Edition Related Sites SIL org

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