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  • Languages of Spain | Ethnologue
    An index of ISO 639 3 codes An index of language names including primary alternate and dialect names A bibliography of references cited The report is disseminated as a digital download It is paginated with cross references rendered as page numbers so that the user may print the report and use it in that form However the cross reference page numbers are also hot links that jump to the referenced location when the report is used with a PDF reader in its digital form Ethnologue report license agreement Each Ethnologue country report is a licensed product with restricted terms of use Before purchasing the product you must agree to the following terms This is a license for individual use Just as with a conventionally published book it is a violation of copyright to make a copy and give it to others You may not redistribute this work in any form including ingesting the contents into a database that is shared with others or posting it on a web site whether public or private To inquire about permission for reuse or redistribution use the Contact Us form and select Request Copyright Permissions Buying Options File Languages of Spain An Ethnologue Country

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/product/18-Report-ES (2016-02-13)
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  • Sweden - Languages | Ethnologue
    zone Romani Vlax Comments Christian More Information Saami Lule smj Norrbotten county Gällivare and Jokkmokk municipalities along Lule river 1 500 in Sweden Krauss 1992 1 000 2 000 speakers in Norway and Sweden Salminen 2007 Population total all countries 2 000 Ethnic population 6 000 Status 2 Provincial Statutory provincial language in administrative area municipalities located in at least part of the following counties Dalarna Jämtland Norrbotten Västerbotten 2009 NMNML Act No 724 Article 6 Alternate Names Lapp pej Lule Saami Dialects None known Quite distinct from other Saami Classification Uralic Sami Western Northern Comments Ethnic autonym Saami More Information Saami North sme Norrbotten county Kiruna Gällivare Jokkmokk Arjeplog Arvidsjaur Karesuando and Jukkasjärvi municipalities 4 000 in Sweden Krauss 1992 Ethnic population 5 000 1994 SIL Status 2 Provincial Statutory provincial language in administrative area municipalities located in at least part of the following counties Dalarna Jämtland Norrbotten Västerbotten 2009 NMNML Act No 724 Article 6 Alternate Names Lapp pej Northern Lappish Northern Saami Norwegian Saami Saame Same Samic Dialects Torne Classification Uralic Sami Western Northern More Information Saami Pite sje Norrbotten county Arjeplog and Arvidsjaur municipalites along Pite river 20 in Sweden Salminen 2007 Ethnic population 2 000 1995 M Krauss Status 8b Nearly extinct Recognized language 1999 Sami Language Use Act No 1175 Alternate Names Arjeplog Saami Lapp pej Pite Saami Classification Uralic Sami Western Northern Comments Pite Saami very distinct More Information Saami South sma Jamtland county Stromsund and Krokum municipalities Härjedalen Dalarna county Alvdalen municipality Vasterbotten county Vilhelmina municipality 300 in Sweden Krauss 1992 Population total all countries 600 Ethnic population 600 Status 2 Provincial Statutory provincial language in administrative area municipalities located in at least part of the following counties Dalarna Jämtland Norrbotten Västerbotten 2009 NMNML Act No 724 Article 6 Alternate Names Lapp pej Southern Lapp Classification Uralic Sami Western Southern More Information Saami Ume sju Vasterbotten county Storuman and Lycksele municipalities Malå Tärna and Sorsele along Ume river 20 2000 T Salminen No speakers in Norway Salminen 2007 Ethnic population 1 000 1995 M Krauss Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Lapp pej Saami Ume Classification Uralic Sami Southern More Information Swedish swe Widespread Göta dialect south including parts of Småland Värmland Västergötland parts of Östergötland Bohuslän and Dalsland Svea dialect central including Västmanland Södermanland Gästrikland Dalarna south Hälsingland parts of Östergötland and Uppland Southern Swedish Skåne Blekinge south Småland south Halland Northern Swedish north Hälsingland and north Jamska mainly Jämtland Eastern Swedish Finland Estonia and Gammalsvenskby Ukraine Gutniska Isle of Gotland and Fårö Elfdalian dialect northern Dalarna southeastern Älvdalen municipality 8 840 000 in Sweden European Commission 2012 5 000 speakers of Gutniska 1998 S Håkansson and 30 000 of Jamska Population total all countries 9 197 090 Status 1 National Statutory national language 2009 Language Act No 600 Articles 4 5 6 Alternate Names Ruotsi Svenska Dialects Dalecarlian Eastern Swedish Estonian Swedish Finland Swedish Elfdalian Älvdalska Övdalian Övdalsk Gutniska Gotlandic Gutamal Gutnic Jamska Northern Swedish Norrland Southern Swedish Scanian Skåne

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/SE/languages (2016-02-13)
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  • Sweden - Status | Ethnologue
    Krauss 1992 1 000 2 000 speakers in Norway and Sweden Salminen 2007 Population total all countries 2 000 Ethnic population 6 000 Saami North sme 2 Provincial Statutory provincial language in administrative area municipalities located in at least part of the following counties Dalarna Jämtland Norrbotten Västerbotten 2009 NMNML Act No 724 Article 6 4 000 in Sweden Krauss 1992 Ethnic population 5 000 1994 SIL Saami South sma 2 Provincial Statutory provincial language in administrative area municipalities located in at least part of the following counties Dalarna Jämtland Norrbotten Västerbotten 2009 NMNML Act No 724 Article 6 300 in Sweden Krauss 1992 Population total all countries 600 Ethnic population 600 4 Educational Swedish Sign Language swl 4 Educational Recognized language 2009 Languages Act Article 9 10 000 2014 EUD 10 000 Deaf sign language users 2014 EUD 40 000 Deaf 2014 IMB 5 Developing Finnish Tornedalen fit 5 Developing Statutory provincial language in administrative area municipalities Gällivare Haparanda Kiruna Pajala Övertoneå 2009 NMNML Act No 724 Art 6 30 000 in Sweden Parkvall 2009 Population total all countries 60 000 L2 users Many Saami speak as L2 Romani Kalo Finnish rmf 5 Developing 1 650 in Sweden Parkvall 2009 Ethnic population 3 000 Romani Vlax rmy 5 Developing Recognized language 2009 Language Act No 600 Article 7 10 500 in Sweden Parkvall 2009 Yiddish Eastern ydd 5 Developing Recognized language 2009 Language Act No 600 Article 7 4 000 in Sweden 2000 6a Vigorous Romani Balkan rmn 6a Vigorous 8b Nearly extinct Saami Pite sje 8b Nearly extinct Recognized language 1999 Sami Language Use Act No 1175 20 in Sweden Salminen 2007 Ethnic population 2 000 1995 M Krauss Saami Ume sju 8b Nearly extinct 20 2000 T Salminen No speakers in Norway Salminen 2007 Ethnic population 1

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/SE/status (2016-02-13)
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  • Switzerland - Languages | Ethnologue
    Western Western Gallo Iberian Gallo Romance Gallo Italian More Information Romani Sinte rmo 21 000 in Switzerland Johnstone 1993 Status 5 Developing Classification Indo European Indo Iranian Indo Aryan Central zone Romani Northern Comments Christian More Information Romansch roh Graubünden canton Surselva Hinterrhein Inn and Maloja districts 40 000 in Switzerland 2012 census 1 canton Population total all countries 40 039 Status 4 Educational Statutory provincial language in Grisons Canton 2004 Grisons Cantonal Constitution Article 3 1 Alternate Names Rhaeto Romance Rheto Romance Romanche Romansh Rumantsch Dialects Puter Upper Engadine Surmiran Albula Sursilvan Surselva Vorderrhein Sutsilvan Hinterrhein Vallader Lower Engadine Friulian fur Ladin lld and Romansch roh are separate languages 1978 R Hall Lexical similarity 78 with Italian ita and French fra 76 with Catalan cat 74 with Spanish spa Sardinian sdc and Portuguese por 72 with Romanian ron Classification Indo European Italic Romance Italo Western Western Gallo Iberian Gallo Romance Gallo Rhaetian Rhaetian Comments Official written language in common use now called Rumantsch Grischun More Information Swiss French Sign Language ssr Scattered Geneva and Lausanne cantons Neuchâtel canton La Chaux de Fonds Fribourg canton Zion Delémont Morges and Oron 1 700 Boyes Braem 2010 10 000 deaf signers in all of Switzerland 2014 EUD Status 5 Developing Recognized language 2002 Federal Parliament Law on Equality for Disabled People Alternate Names Langage Gestuelle Langue des Signes Française Langue des Signes Suisse romande LSF LSF SR Dialects Regional lexical variation tied to specific schools Geneva Lausanne Neuchâtel Fribourg and Sion Boyes Braem and Rathmann 2010 Similar to French Sign Language fsl Boyes Baem and Rathmann 2010 Local Swiss signs and imported French signs Fingerspelling system similar to French Sign Language Classification Deaf sign language Comments French Sign Language fsl is used some in the French areas Taught as L2 13 000 hearing signers all three sign languages in Switzerland estimate based on participants in sign language classes Boyes Braem and Rathmann 2010 30 working sign language interpreters 2014 EUD Christian Roman Catholic Christian Protestant More Information Swiss German Sign Language sgg Scattered 5 500 in Switzerland Boyes Braem 2010 10 000 deaf signers in all of Switzerland 2014 EUD Status 5 Developing Recognized language 2002 Federal Parliament Law on Equality for Disabled People Alternate Names Deutschschweizer Gebärdensprache Deutschschweizerische Gebärdensprache DGS DSGS Natürliche Gebärde Dialects Regional variation tied to specific schools Basel Bern Lucerne St Gallen Zurich Boyes Baem and Rathmann 2010 Similar to sign language used in the southern parts of Germany Borrowing from Swiss French Sign Language ssr Boyes Baem and Rathmann 2010 Fingerspelling system similar to French Sign Language fsl Classification Deaf sign language Comments Some regional lexical variations in German areas tied to specific schools Status of signing is improving Strong oralist tradition in schools in German area Taught as L2 13 000 hearing signers all three sign languages in Switzerland estimate based on participants in sign language classes Boyes Braem and Rathmann 2010 Christian Roman Catholic Christian Protestant More Information Swiss Italian Sign Language slf Scattered Ticino

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/CH/languages (2016-02-13)
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  • Switzerland - Status | Ethnologue
    equal with French fra and Standard German deu on the federal level 666 000 in Switzerland 2012 census 4 Educational Romansch roh 4 Educational Statutory provincial language in Grisons Canton 2004 Grisons Cantonal Constitution Article 3 1 40 000 in Switzerland 2012 census 1 canton Population total all countries 40 039 5 Developing German Swiss gsw 5 Developing 4 490 000 in Switzerland 2012 census Population total all countries 6 319 000 Romani Sinte rmo 5 Developing 21 000 in Switzerland Johnstone 1993 Swiss French Sign Language ssr 5 Developing Recognized language 2002 Federal Parliament Law on Equality for Disabled People 1 700 Boyes Braem 2010 10 000 deaf signers in all of Switzerland 2014 EUD Swiss German Sign Language sgg 5 Developing Recognized language 2002 Federal Parliament Law on Equality for Disabled People 5 500 in Switzerland Boyes Braem 2010 10 000 deaf signers in all of Switzerland 2014 EUD Swiss Italian Sign Language slf 5 Developing Recognized language 2002 Federal Parliament Law on Equality for Disabled People 300 Boyes Braem 2010 10 000 deaf signers in all of Switzerland 2014 EUD 6a Vigorous Lombard lmo 6a Vigorous 303 000 in Switzerland 1995 6b Threatened Walser wae 6b Threatened 10 000 in Switzerland 2004 Population total all countries 22 780 Ethnic population 21 900 1980 C Buchli 7 Shifting Arpitan frp 7 Shifting 7 000 in Switzerland 1998 Language Status Profile Click to enlarge with explanation Ethnologue Products Languages of Switzerland An Ethnologue Country Report 26 pp 9 95 Language Map of Liechtenstein and Switzerland License for single academic use of a high resolution watermark free map 24 95 Browse all products Amazon Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/CH/status (2016-02-13)
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  • Switzerland - Feedback | Ethnologue
    come to Switzerland Those Germans do not speak and sometimes not even understand Swiss German View the Discussion Language repartition Nadège Piller Wed 2015 05 13 03 38 Regarding Language Counts Country Switzerland Switzerland is divided into Cantons that all have a name translated into the 4 official languages For instance Graubünden is the same as Grisons Grischun or Grigioni You mentionned it once as 2 different Cantons Each Canton has its official language Some has 2 one has 3 French is the official language in Genève Vaud Jura Neuchâtel It s co official language with German in Fribourg Bern and Valais You didn t mention Valais and Bern in the French section when you listed the Cantons where it is spoken View the Discussion Language Status Profile Click to enlarge with explanation Ethnologue Products Languages of Switzerland An Ethnologue Country Report 26 pp 9 95 Language Map of Liechtenstein and Switzerland License for single academic use of a high resolution watermark free map 24 95 Browse all products Amazon Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/CH/feedback (2016-02-13)
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  • Ukraine - Languages | Ethnologue
    Classification Uralic Comments Christian More Information Jakati jat Status Unattested Alternate Names Jat Jataki Jati Jatu Kayani Musali Dialects None known Related to Western Punjabi pnb A member of macrolanguage Lahnda lah Classification Indo European Indo Iranian Indo Aryan Northwestern zone Lahnda Comments Different from Jadgali jdg of Pakistan Nomadic Muslim More Information Karaim kdr L vivs ka oblast Luts k town Chernivets ka oblast Halych town 6 in Ukraine Salminen 2007 Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Karaite Dialects Halych Galits Karaim Trakai Trakay Classification Turkic Western Ponto Caspian Comments No speakers remaining in Israel Lutzk Halych dialect Russian English dictionary being compiled 2006 V Mireyev Jewish Karaite More Information Krimchak jct Krym autonomous republic 200 Salminen 2007 Ethnic population 1 800 Salminen 2007 1 200 ethnic Krimchak in the Crimea 600 elsewhere Salminen 2007 Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Judeo Crimean Tatar Judeo Crimean Turkish Dialects None known Reportedly similar to Crimean Tatar crh Classification Turkic Western Ponto Caspian Comments Jewish Karaite More Information Polish pol L vivs ka oblast 3 small interior enclaves 144 000 in Ukraine 2001 census Status 5 Dispersed Classification Indo European Balto Slavic Slavic West Lechitic More Information Romani Balkan rmn Status 6a Vigorous Classification Indo European Indo Iranian Indo Aryan Central zone Romani Balkan More Information Romani Baltic rml Status 5 Developing Classification Indo European Indo Iranian Indo Aryan Central zone Romani Northern More Information Romani Carpathian rmc Zakarpats ka oblast 2 border strips near Tisa river 21 200 in Ukraine 2001 census Ethnic population 47 600 2001 census Status 6a Vigorous Classification Indo European Indo Iranian Indo Aryan Central zone Romani Northern Comments Ethnic group Ungrike Romá Ukraine Christian More Information Romanian ron Chernivets ka oblast at northern Romania border Odes ka oblast south of Moldova Renijs kyj district 2 enclaves near border 319 000 in Ukraine 2001 census Ethnic population 410 000 2001 census 151 000 ethnic Moldovians 257 000 ethnic Romanians Status 5 Dispersed Alternate Names Daco Romanian Moldavian Rumanian Classification Indo European Italic Romance Eastern More Information Russian rus Widespread particularly in east and south 8 330 000 in Ukraine 2001 census Status 2 Provincial Statutory national working language 2009 No 1167 VI Autonomous Republic Crimea Republic Constitution amended Articles 10 13 Classification Indo European Balto Slavic Slavic East More Information Rusyn rue Zakarpats ka oblast 560 000 in Ukraine 2000 Population total all countries 623 500 Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Carpathian Carpatho Rusyn Ruthenian Dialects Rusyn is called a dialect of Ukrainian ukr but speakers reportedly consider themselves distinct from Ukrainians Classification Indo European Balto Slavic Slavic East Comments Christian More Information Slovak slk Status 5 Dispersed Classification Indo European Balto Slavic Slavic West Czech Slovak More Information Ukrainian ukr 32 000 000 in Ukraine 2001 census Population total all countries 34 868 740 Ethnic population 37 500 000 2001 census Status 1 National Statutory national language 1996 Constitution Article 10 Dialects East Ukrainian Northwest Ukrainian Southwest Ukrainian Dialect differences slight Classification Indo European Balto

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/UA/languages (2016-02-13)
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  • Ukraine - Status | Ethnologue
    German Standard deu 5 Dispersed 33 300 in Ukraine 2001 census Greek ell 5 Dispersed 5 850 in Ukraine 2001 census Ethnic population 91 500 Hungarian hun 5 Dispersed 157 000 in Ukraine 2001 census Polish pol 5 Dispersed 144 000 in Ukraine 2001 census Romanian ron 5 Dispersed 319 000 in Ukraine 2001 census Ethnic population 410 000 2001 census 151 000 ethnic Moldovians 257 000 ethnic Romanians Slovak slk 5 Dispersed 5 Developing Bashkort bak 5 Developing 3 670 in Ukraine Crimean Tatar crh 5 Developing Recognized language 2009 No 1167 VI Autonomous Republic Crimea Republic Constitution amended Articles 11 13 protected language 260 000 in Ukraine 2006 A Goriainov Population total all countries 475 540 Gagauz gag 5 Developing 25 000 in Ukraine Salminen 2007 Romani Baltic rml 5 Developing Ukrainian Sign Language ukl 5 Developing 223 000 2014 IMB Yiddish Eastern ydd 5 Developing 634 000 in Ukraine 1991 6a Vigorous Romani Balkan rmn 6a Vigorous Romani Carpathian rmc 6a Vigorous 21 200 in Ukraine 2001 census Ethnic population 47 600 2001 census Rusyn rue 6a Vigorous 560 000 in Ukraine 2000 Population total all countries 623 500 7 Shifting Urum uum 7 Shifting 95 000 in Ukraine 2000 8b Nearly extinct Karaim kdr 8b Nearly extinct 6 in Ukraine Salminen 2007 Krimchak jct 8b Nearly extinct 200 Salminen 2007 Ethnic population 1 800 Salminen 2007 1 200 ethnic Krimchak in the Crimea 600 elsewhere Salminen 2007 Unattested Jakati jat Unattested Language Status Profile Click to enlarge with explanation Ethnologue Products Languages of Ukraine An Ethnologue Country Report 27 pp 9 95 Language Map of Ukraine License for single academic use of a high resolution watermark free map 24 95 Browse all products Amazon Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about

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