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  • United Kingdom - Languages | Ethnologue
    A few L2 speakers in Canada Australia Austria and Brittany France Status 9 Reawakening Alternate Names Curnoack Kernewek Kernowek Dialects None known Related to Breton bre Welsh cym Gaulish extinct Irish gle Manx Gaelic glv and Scottish Gaelic gla Classification Indo European Celtic Insular Brythonic Comments Christian More Information English eng 55 600 000 in United Kingdom European Commission 2012 Population total all countries 335 491 748 L2 users 1 500 000 in United Kingdom Crystal 2003 L2 users worldwide 505 000 000 Status 1 National De facto national language Dialects Belfast Birmingham Brummie Brummy Bolton Lancashire Central Cumberland Cockney Cornwall Craven Yorkshire Cumberland Devonshire Dorset Durham East Anglia East Devonshire Edinburgh Geordie Glaswegian Lowland Scottish Newcastle Northumberland Norfolk North Lancashire North Wiltshire North Yorkshire Northumberland Radcliffe Lancashire Scouse Sheffield Yorkshire Somerset South Wales Sussex Tyneside Northumberland West Country West Yorkshire Westmorland Many local English varieties around the world Lexical similarity 60 with German 27 with French 24 with Russian Classification Indo European Germanic West English Comments Christian More Information French fra L2 users 12 000 000 in United Kingdom European Commission 2012 Status 5 Dispersed Classification Indo European Italic Romance Italo Western Western Gallo Iberian Gallo Romance Gallo Rhaetian Oïl French More Information Gaelic Scottish gla Scotland north and central Ross and Cromarty counties islands of Hebrides and Skye Glasgow 58 700 in United Kingdom 2001 census Population total all countries 63 130 Status 4 Educational Statutory provincial language in Scotland 2005 Gaelic Language Scotland Act Alternate Names Gaelic Gàidhlig Scots Gaelic Dialects Biblical Gaelic is based on the 1801 Perthshire dialect somewhat distant from today s spoken dialects Classification Indo European Celtic Insular Goidelic Comments Status rising since the establishment of Scots Parliament in 1990s More Information Irish gle Northern Ireland Fermanagh and Armagh counties Belfast 116 000 in United Kingdom 2001 census Status 3 Wider communication Widely used as L2 in all parts of Northern Ireland Alternate Names Erse Gaeilge Gaelic Irish Classification Indo European Celtic Insular Goidelic More Information Polari pld No known L1 speakers Status 9 Second language only Alternate Names Palari Palarie Parlare Parlary Parlyaree Classification Unclassified Comments An in group language among theatrical and circus people Used among homosexual men in Britain Some observers trace its roots to sailors and seafarers alleging that it derived from a maritime lingua franca More Information Romani Vlax rmy 4 100 in United Kingdom 2004 Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Rom Romenes Tsigane Dialects Kalderash Lovari Classification Indo European Indo Iranian Indo Aryan Central zone Romani Vlax Comments Christian More Information Romani Welsh rmw England and Wales Status 9 Dormant Dialects None known Not inherently intelligible of Angloromani rme A member of macrolanguage Romany rom Classification Indo European Indo Iranian Indo Aryan Central zone Romani Northern Comments Ethnic groups Volshanange Kalá Christian More Information Scots sco Scotland Aberdeen to Ayrshire Northern Ireland Doric dialect northeast Scotland Lallans dialect southern Scotland lowlands Ulster in Northern Ireland 90 000 in United Kingdom 1999 B Kay 60 000 in Lallans

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/GB/languages (2016-02-13)
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  • United Kingdom - Status | Ethnologue
    32 700 monolinguals 1971 census 3 Wider communication Irish gle 3 Wider communication Widely used as L2 in all parts of Northern Ireland 116 000 in United Kingdom 2001 census 4 Educational Gaelic Scottish gla 4 Educational Statutory provincial language in Scotland 2005 Gaelic Language Scotland Act 58 700 in United Kingdom 2001 census Population total all countries 63 130 5 Dispersed French fra 5 Dispersed L2 users 12 000 000 in United Kingdom European Commission 2012 5 Developing British Sign Language bfi 5 Developing 77 000 2014 EUD L2 users 250 000 2013 K Crombie Smith 310 000 2014 IMB Romani Vlax rmy 5 Developing 4 100 in United Kingdom 2004 Scots sco 5 Developing 90 000 in United Kingdom 1999 B Kay 60 000 in Lallans 30 000 in Doric Population total all countries 100 000 L2 users 1 500 000 in United Kingdom 6a Vigorous Angloromani rme 6a Vigorous 90 000 in United Kingdom Hancock 1990 Population total all countries 197 900 Traveller Scottish trl 6a Vigorous 4 000 in United Kingdom 9 Reawakening Cornish cor 9 Reawakening No known L1 speakers but emerging L2 speakers Ethnic population 532 000 2011 census L2 users A few L2 speakers in Canada Australia Austria and Brittany France 9 Dormant Romani Welsh rmw 9 Dormant 9 Second language only Polari pld 9 Second language only No known L1 speakers Language Status Profile Click to enlarge with explanation Ethnologue Products Languages of United Kingdom An Ethnologue Country Report 25 pp 9 95 Browse all products Amazon Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/GB/status (2016-02-13)
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  • Vatican State - Languages | Ethnologue
    Language Status Profile Click to enlarge with explanation Amazon Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print Edition 17th Edition 16th Edition 15th Edition 14th

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/VA/languages (2016-02-13)
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  • Vatican State - Status | Ethnologue
    Amazon Recommendations Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print Edition 17th Edition 16th Edition 15th Edition 14th Edition 13th Edition Related Sites SIL org ScriptSource

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/VA/status (2016-02-13)
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  • American Samoa - Languages | Ethnologue
    Remote Oceanic Central Pacific East Fijian Polynesian Polynesian Nuclear Samoic Outlier Samoan Comments Christian More Information Language Status Profile Click to enlarge with explanation Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/AS/languages (2016-02-13)
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  • American Samoa - Status | Ethnologue
    to enlarge with explanation Join the conversation Create a free account to post Feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same Browse by Countries Language Names Language Codes Language Families Map Titles Products Current Edition About Ethnologue Abbreviations Bibliography Credits Downloads FAQ Other Products Ethnoblog Language of the Day Print Edition 17th Edition 16th Edition 15th Edition 14th Edition 13th Edition Related Sites SIL

    Original URL path: http://www.ethnologue.com/country/AS/status (2016-02-13)
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  • Australia - Languages | Ethnologue
    uses the trilled r Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Waka Kabic Than More Information Gurinji gue Northern Territory Victoria river and Wave Hill Kalkaringi 590 2006 census Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Gurindji Wurlayi Dialects Malngin Wanyjirra Wandjirra Classification Australian Pama Nyungan South West Ngumbin Comments Gurinji children s language is a mixed language from Gurinji and Kriol More Information Guwa xgw Queensland Victoria river headwaters of Diamantina north to Kynuna and Hamilton creek divide west to Middleton creek east to Winton and Sesbania south almost to Cork No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Coa Coah Goa Goamulgo Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Maric More Information Guwamu gwu Queensland between St George Surat Moonie and Maranoa rivers No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Maric More Information Guyani gvy South Australia south Yorke Peninsula No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Kijani Kuyani Kwiani Dialects None known Reportedly similar to Narungga nnr Classification Australian Pama Nyungan South West Yura More Information Ikaranggal ikr Queensland Lakeland Dixie Palmer Goldfield No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Ikarranggali Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Paman Rarmul Pama More Information Iwaidja ibd Northern Territory Croker Island 140 2006 census Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Eiwaja Ibadjo Iwaidji Iwaydja Jiwadja Karadjee Limba Yiwaidja Dialects Iwaydja Classification Australian Yiwaidjan Yiwaidjic More Information Jaitmatang xjt Victoria Lake Dartmouth No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Jadjmadang Jaithmathang Jaitmathang Yadymadhang Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Yuin More Information Jandai jan Victoria State southern two thirds of Stradbroke Island No known L1 speakers 1996 AUSTLANG Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Coobenpil Djandai Djendewal Dsandai Goenpul Janday Jendairwal Jundai Koenpel Noogoon Tchandi Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Durubulic More Information Jaru ddj Western Australia southeast Kimberley region Halls Creek Ringers Soak Northern Territory southeast of Gurinji gue area 360 2006 census Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Djaru Jaroo Tjaru Wawari Dialects Djaru Nyininy Classification Australian Pama Nyungan South West Ngumbin More Information Kala Lagaw Ya mwp Queensland Western Torres Strait islands Mabuiag Badu Moa Kubin Saibai Boigu Dauan Yam Sue Yorke Coconut Thursday Bamaga Islands Townsville Brisbane 1 210 2006 census Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Central Torres Strait Kala Lagau Langgus Kala Lagaw Kala Yagaw Ya Langus Mabuiag Yagar Yagar Dialects Kalaw Kawaw Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Kala Lagaw Ya More Information Kalaamaya lkm Victoria at Boorabbin and Southern Cross east to Bullabulling north to Youanmi Lake Barlee and Pigeon Rocks west to Burracoppin Mukinbudin Kalannie and Lake Moore south to about Mount Holland in the Parker range No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Kalamaia Karlamay Karlamayi Classification Australian Pama Nyungan South West More Information Kalarko kba Western Australia Fraser and Bremer ranges area No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Galaagu Kalaaku Kalako Kalakul Malba Malpa Classification Australian Pama Nyungan South West Mirning More Information Kalkutung ktg Queensland Mount Isa area No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Galgadungu Galgaduun Kalkadoon Kalkatungu Kalkutungu Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Galgadungic More Information Kamu xmu Northern Territory south of Darwin east of Daly river No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Gamor Gamu Classification Australian Daly Malagmalag Daly Proper More Information Kanju kbe Queensland Central Cape York 50 Wurm and Hattori 1981 Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Gandanju Gandju Jabuda Kaantyu Kamdhue Kandju Kandyu Kanyu Karnu Neogulada Yaldiye Ho Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Paman Northeastern Pama More Information Karadjeri gbd Western Australia Roebuck Bay and inland Broome La Grange mission 26 2006 census Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Garadjari Garadjiri Garadyari Gard are Guradjara Karajarri Karrajarri Classification Australian Pama Nyungan South West Marngu More Information Karenggapa eaa Queensland Mount Bygrave and Woodbum lake at Yalpunga and Connulpie Downs on the Bulloo river about Bulloo lakes southwest to near Milpa rinka east to Therloo Downs New South Wales Tiboo burra No known L1 speakers Status 9 Dormant Alternate Names Garanggaba Karrengappa Kurengappa Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Karnic More Information Kariyarra vka Western Australia south of Port Hedland No known L1 speakers The last speaker died in 1991 Some people still know some words Wurm 2007 Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Gariera Kariera Kariyara Karriara Classification Australian Pama Nyungan South West Coastal Ngayarda More Information Karnic Eastern ekc Northwest New South Wales southwest Queensland No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Dhiraila Garandala Karendala Ngura Dialects Bidjara Dhiraila Garandala Mambangura Mingbari Ngurawarla Yarumarra Related to Garlali gll Punthamara xpt Badjiri jbi and Wangkurmara xwk Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Karnic Ngura More Information Karranga xrq Northern Territory Yarralin Victoria River Downs homestead Moolooloo Killarney homestead No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Karanga Karangpurru Karrangpurru Dialects None known Reportedly similar to Mudburra dmw Classification Australian Pama Nyungan South West Ngumbin More Information Karuwali rxw Queensland Beal range Beetoota Connemara Diamantina river Durrie Farrars creek Haddon Corner Monkira Morney plains No known L1 speakers Status 9 Dormant Alternate Names Gara wali Goore Karawalla Karorinje Kuriwalu Kurrawulla Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Karnic More Information Kayardild gyd Queensland Gulf of Carpentaria Mornington Island 23 2006 census Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Gajadilt Gajardild Gayadilt Gayardild Gayardilt Kaiadilt Malununda Classification Australian Tangic More Information Kaytetye gbb Northern Territory North of Alice Springs 140 2006 census Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Gaididj Kaiditj Kaititj Kaytej Dialects None known Related to Alyawarr aly Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Arandic More Information Kitja gia Western Australia near Hall s and Turkey creeks 210 2006 census Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Gidja Kidja Kija Dialects None known Reportedly most similar to Miriwung mep Classification Australian Djeragan Comments Nomadic More Information Kok Nar gko Queensland No known L1 speakers Last speaker died in the early 1970s Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Gundara Kok Nar Koknar Kok Narr Kwanthar Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Paman Southwestern Pama More Information Kokata ktd South Australia Pimba Mount Eba Coober Peby 19 2006 census Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Gugada Kokatha Kokitta Koocatho Koogurda Kugurda Kukata Madutara Maduwonga Wanggamadu Wongamardu Dialects None known Different from Kukatja kux Classification Australian Pama Nyungan South West Wati Comments People may adequately understand Pintupi Luritja piu or Pitjantjatjara pjt More Information Koko Babangk okg Queensland lower Cape York peninsula Gulf of Carpenteria coast between Mitchell and Nassau rivers No known L1 speakers Date of last speaker s death unknown Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Kok Peponk Kok Babonk Koko Kunaniy Kok Papangk Kok Paponk Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Paman Southwestern Pama More Information Kriol rop Western Australia Northern Territory Kimberley region Roper river Katherine areas Ngukurr Queensland Gulf country Lower Cape York peninsula 4 200 2006 census L2 users 10 000 1991 SIL Status 3 Wider communication Alternate Names Roper Bamyili Creole Dialects Bamyili Creole Barkly Kriol Daly River Kriol Fitzroy Valley Kriol Roper River Kriol Roper River Pidgin Both Kriol and Torres Strait Creole tcs are spreading and are nearly overlapping in Queensland Classification Creole English based Pacific More Information Kukatja kux Western Australia Balgo Lake Gregory and east south of Halls Creek 440 2006 census Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Gugadja Kukaja Dialects None known Different from Kokata ktd Classification Australian Pama Nyungan South West Wati More Information Kuku Mangk xmq Queensland Cape York peninsula east coast south of Aurukun No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Kugu Mangk Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Paman Middle Pama More Information Kuku Mu inh xmp Queensland Cape York peninsula east coast south of Aurukun No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Kugu Mu inh Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Paman Middle Pama More Information Kuku Muminh xmh Queensland Cape York peninsula east coast south of Aurukun 31 Wurm and Hattori 1981 Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Kugu Kugu Muminh Wik Muminh Wik Mumin Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Paman Middle Pama More Information Kuku Ugbanh ugb Queensland Cape York peninsula west coast south of Aurukun No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Kugu Ugbanh Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Paman Middle Pama More Information Kuku Uwanh uwa Queensland Cape York peninsula east coast south of Aurukun 40 Wurm and Hattori 1981 Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Kugu Nganhcara Kugu Uwanh Kuku Nganhcara Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Paman Middle Pama More Information Kuku Yalanji gvn Queensland Wujal Wujal Bloomfield River Ayton Daintree and Mossman between Cooktown and Mossman 360 2006 census increasing Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Gugu Yalandyi Gugu Yalanji Guguyalanji Koko Yalanji Kuku Yalangi Dialects Kuku Biraji Kuku Nyungkul Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Yalandyic Comments Christian traditional religion More Information Kumbainggar kgs New South Wales Grafton and north coast 42 2006 census Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Baanbay Gambalamam Gumbaingari Gumbainggar Gumbaynggir Gumbayunggir Kumbaingeri Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Gumbaynggiric More Information Kunbarlang wlg Northern Territory Oenpelli Maningrida and Goulburn Island 16 2006 census decreasing Ethnic group members generally speak Gunwinggu gup Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Gunbalang Gunbarlang Gungalang Walang Warlang Classification Australian Gunwingguan Gunwinggic More Information Kungarakany ggk Northern Territory Finniss river south of Darwin Darwin river and Rum Jungle area No known L1 speakers Last speaker died in 1989 Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Gunerakan Gungaragan Gungarakanj Kangarraga Kungarakan Classification Australian Gunwingguan Gungaraganyan More Information Kungardutyi gdt Victoria No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Gungadidji Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Karnic More Information Kunggara kvs Queensland Normanton Delta 10 1971 SIL Possibly has no remaining speakers Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Goom Gharra Gunggara Kunggera Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Paman Norman Pama More Information Kunggari kgl Queensland Upper Nebine and Mungallala creeks No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Coongurri Gungari Gunggari Ungorri Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Maric More Information Kungkari lku Queensland Thomson and Cooper Barcoo rivers Jundah Westland Longreach Avington Blackall Terrick Terrick Grey range Cheviot range Powell creek Welford No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Koongerri Koonkerri Kungeri Kunggari Mokaburra Tarawalla Torra burri Yangeeberra Yankibura Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Karnic More Information Kunjen kjn Queensland Wrotham Park Kowanyama Edward river 20 1991 B Sommer decreasing 40 with some knowledge Ethnic population 300 1991 B Sommer Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Guguminjen Kukumindjen Dialects Oykangand Ogondyan Olgel Olgol Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Paman Central Pama More Information Kurnai unn Victoria almost all of Gippsland from Inverloch to Cann river 26 2006 AUSTLANG Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Cunni Ganai Gooni Gunna Gunnai Kunnai Classification Australian Pama Nyungan More Information Kurrama vku Western Australia northwest southeast of Pannawonica 50 Wurm and Hattori 1981 Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Gurama Karama Korama Kurama Classification Australian Pama Nyungan South West Coastal Ngayarda More Information Kuthant xut Queensland southwest Cape York peninsula north of Karumba and Normanton No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Paman Norman Pama More Information Kuuk Yak uky Queensland Cape York peninsula mid western coast and inland between Edward and Coleman rivers No known L1 speakers Estimated 40 speakers in 1975 but the date of last speaker s death unknown Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Koko Yak Kuku Yak Kuuk Yak Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Paman Southwestern Pama More Information Kuuku Ya u kuy Queensland northeastern Cape York peninsula south of Temple bay 21 1996 census Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Bagadji Gugu Yau Koko Ja o Kokoyao Pakadji Ya o Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Paman Northeastern Pama More Information Kwini gww Western Australia Kalumburu 50 Black 1983 Number of speakers has seriously dropped since 1979 Wurm 2007 Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Cuini Gunin Gwiini Gwini Kunan Wunambal Classification Australian Worrorran Comments Ethnonym Kwini Glossonym Goonan Kunan Gwini is Wunambal word for east and was used by some people to refer to both Kwini and Wunambal Yeidji wub More Information Ladji Ladji llj Victoria State No known L1 speakers Estimated 10 speakers in 2005 National Indigenous Languages Survey Report Date of last speaker s death unknown Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Acaxee Laci Laci Ladji Ladji Laitchi Laitchi Laitu Laitu Laitu Latja Latji Latjalatji Latje Latje Latjilatji Latjoo Latjoo Latyoo Latyoo Ledjiledji Ledji Ledji Leitch Leitchi Litchoo Litchoo Litchy Litchy Lutchye Lutchye Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Kulin More Information Lamu Lamu lby Queensland Bamiga and Coen 19 2006 census Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Lamalama Lama Lama Lamulamul Mba Rumbathama Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Paman Lamalamic Comments Ethnic groups include Baganambia Gan Ganda Wurangung More Information Lanima lnw Victoria Julaolinja Carlo springs on upper Mulligan river shift eastward to Marion downs in postcontact times No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Lhanima Pitta Pitta Ulaolinya Yurlayurlanya Classification Australian More Information Laragia lrg Northern Territory Darwin area 23 2006 census Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Gulumirrgin Laragiya Larakia Larakiya Classification Australian Laragiyan More Information Lardil lbz Queensland Mornington Island 54 2006 census More semi speakers Wurm 2007 Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Kunana Ladil Laierdila Lardill Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Lardil More Information Leningitij lnj Queensland Winduwinda area No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Linngithig Linngithigh Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Paman Northern Pama More Information Limilngan lmc Northern Territory Arnhem Land Mary River to west Alligator river coast and inland No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Manadja Minitji Classification Australian Limilngan Wulna More Information Madhi Madhi dmd New South Wales Murray to Balranald districts north to the Lachlan No known L1 speakers Date of last speaker s death unknown Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Madhimadhi Madhi Madhi Muthimuthi Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Kulin Comments Sound recordings made with Madhi Madhi speaker Jack Long in January 1969 More Information Madngele zml Northern Territory south of Darwin and Daly rivers Muldiva river west bank 15 Black 1983 Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Maangella Madngela Mandella Matngala Matngele Muttangulla Warat Dialects None known Related to Kamu xmu Classification Australian Daly Malagmalag Daly Proper More Information Malay Cocos Islands coa Cocos Keeling Islands Christmas Island 1 000 in Australia 1987 500 in Cocos Islands 560 on Christmas Island 1987 Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Cocos Kokos Kukus Classification Creole Malay based Comments Muslim More Information Malgana vml Western Australia Shark Bay south of Wooramel river to Hamelin Pool area No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Maldjana Maljanna Malkana Classification Australian Pama Nyungan South West Malgana More Information Malyangapa yga Milparinka New South Wales Yancannie creek head east beyond Mount Arrowsmith south to about Mootwin gee and Sturt Meadow No known L1 speakers Last known speaker Laurie Quayle died in 1976 Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Bulali Bulalli Karikari Malgaaljangaba Malgangara Malja pa Maljangaba Maljangapa Malyanapa Malya napa Malyangaba Malyapa Malynapa Milyauppa Milya uppa Muliaarpa Mullia arpa Multyerra Mulyanapa Mulya napa Mulyanappa Mulya nappa Nalyanapa Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Yarli More Information Manangkari znk Northern Territory Cobourg Peninsula No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Dialects None known Reportedly similar to Iwaidja ibd Classification Australian Yiwaidjan Yiwaidjic More Information Manda zma Northern Territory coast southwest of Anson Bay southwest of Darwin 25 Black 1983 Status 8b Nearly extinct Classification Australian Daly Bringen Wagaydy Wagaydy More Information Mandandanyi zmk Queensland Roma Area Maranoa river to Miles and Wandoan areas No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Mandandanji Mandandanjnjdji Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Maric More Information Mangala mem Western Australia southwest Fitzroy West Pilbara Broome Jurgurra creek Edgar range 61 2006 census Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Djawali Djuwali Jiwali Jiwarli Koalgurdi Manala Mangalaa Mangarla Minala Yalmbau Classification Australian Pama Nyungan South West Mangala More Information Mangarayi mpc Northern Territory Mataranka and Elsey stations 12 2006 census Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Mangarai Mangarrayi Manggarai Mungarai Mungerry Ngarrabadji Classification Australian Gunwingguan Mangarayic Comments Different from Mangerr zme More Information Mangerr zme Northern Territory Arnhem Land Oenpelli Area No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Giimbiyu Mangerei Mangeri Mengerrdji Mennagi Dialects None known Reportedly similar to Urningangg urc Classification Australian Giimbiyu Comments May be same language as Urningangg urc More Information Mara mec Northern Territory Arnhem Land Roper river area 57 2006 census Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Leelalwarra Leelawarra Mala Marra Dialects None known Related to Wandarang wnd Classification Australian Gunwingguan Maran Mara Comments Intermarry with Yanyuwa jao More Information Maranunggu zmr Northern Territory southwest of Darwin inland from Anson Bay east of Manda 15 Black 1983 Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Emmi Maranungku Merranunggu Warrgat Classification Australian Daly Bringen Wagaydy Wagaydy More Information Margany zmc Queensland between Quilpie and Wyandra Bulloo and Paroo rivers No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Marrganj Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Maric More Information Margu mhg Northern Territory Croker island 1 2011 SIL Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Ajokoot Croker Island Margu Jaako Marrgu Raffles Bay Terrutong Terutong Yaako Yako Classification Australian Yiwaidjan Margic More Information Maridan zmd Northern Territory southwest of Darwin north of Moyle river east of Magadige 20 Wurm and Hattori 1981 Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Meradan Classification Australian Daly Bringen Wagaydy Bringen More Information Maridjabin zmj Northern Territory inland from Anson bay south of Mariyedi and Manda southwest of Darwin 20 Oates and Oates 1970 Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Maredyerbin Maretyabin Maridyerbin Maritjabin Dialects None known May be intelligible with Marithiel mfr or Maringarr zmt Classification Australian Daly Bringen Wagaydy Bringen More Information Marimanindji zmm Northern Territory south of Darwin and Daly river west of Muldiva river near headwaters 15 Black 1983 Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Maramanandji Maramarandji Marimanindu Marramaninjsji Murinmanindji Classification Australian Daly Bringen Wagaydy Bringen More Information Maringarr zmt Northern Territory south of Moyle river southwest of Darwin 30 Black 1983 Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Marenggar Maringa Dialects Maranunggu Maramanunggu Marranunga Merranunggu Warrgat May be intelligible with other Bringen languages Lexical similarity 40 with Mullukmulluk mpb and Murrinh Patha mwf Classification Australian Daly Bringen Wagaydy Bringen More Information Marithiel mfr Northern Territory south of Daly river and central Daly river Daly river and Roper river missions Bagot Delissaville 15 2006 census L2 users 50 Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Berringen Bringen pej Brinken pej Maridhiel Maridhiyel Marithiyel Marrithiyel Dialects Mare Ammu Mari Ammu Marithiel Nganygit Classification Australian Daly Bringen Wagaydy Bringen More Information Mariyedi zmy Northern Territory inland from Anson bay south of Manda southwest of Darwin 20 Wurm and Hattori 1981 Status 8b Nearly extinct Classification Australian Daly Bringen Wagaydy Bringen More Information Marriammu xru Northern Territory Wadeye Belyuen possibly in Western Australia 5 2006 A Brown Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Mareammu Dialects None known Reportedly similar to Maridjabin zmj Classification Australian Daly Marriammu More Information Marti Ke zmg Northern Territory Wadeye coast south from Moyle river estuary to Port Keats southwest of Darwin 3 2001 I Alexander Ethnic population 100 L2 users 50 Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Magadige Magati Gair Magati Ge Mati Ke Dialects None known Reportedly similar to Maringarr zmt and Marithiel mfr Classification Australian Daly Bringen Wagaydy Bringen More Information Martu Wangka mpj Western Australia Jigalong area Lake Disappointment west side Great Sandy Desert 880 2006 census 650 Martu Wangka 25 Kartujarra 170 Manyjilyjarra 16 Wangkajunga 21 Yulparija 2006 census Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Mardo Targudi Dialects Kartujarra Gagudjara Gardudjara Kadaddjara Kardutjara Kardutjarra Kartutjara Kiadjara Manyjilyjara Mantjiltjara Manyjilyjarra Puditara Budidjara Putujara Wangkajunga Wangkajungka Wangkajunka Yulparitja Yilparitja Yulbaridja Yulparija Manyjilyjara and Kartujarra are 2 ethnic groups speaking almost identical dialects High inherent intelligibility between Yulparitja and Wangkajunga dialects Puditara dialect is extinct Classification Australian Pama Nyungan South West Wati More Information Martuyhunira vma Western Australia northwest coast southwest of Dampier and inland 5 Wurm and Hattori 1981 Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Martuthunira Classification Australian Pama Nyungan South West Coastal Ngayarda More Information Maung mph Northern Territory Goulburn island Arnhem Land 260 2006 census Status 6a Vigorous Alternate Names Gunmarung Gun Marung Mawng Mawung Dialects None known Garig Ilgar ilg reportedly related Classification Australian Yiwaidjan Yiwaidjic More Information Mayaguduna xmy Queensland near north coast inland between Leichhardt and Flinders rivers No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Mayi Kutuna Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Paman Mayabic More Information Mayawali yxa Victoria on the Diamantina river from Davenport downs and Diamantina lakes north to Old Cork on Mayne river to Mount Vergemont west to Springvale southeast to Farrars creek at Connemara and Brighton downs No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Maiawali Mayuli Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Karnic More Information Mayi Kulan xyk Queensland Middle Norman Yappar and Clara rivers north to Milgarra east to Gregory range west to Iffley and Canobie stations No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Maidhagudi Maigudina Maigudung Maigulung Maikolon Maikudun Maikudung Maikudunu Maikulan Maikulung Majadhagudi Makulu Mayagoondoon Mayagulan Mayatagoorri Maygulan Mayhulan Maykulan Miccoolin Micoolan Mikadoon Mikkoolan Mikoodoono Mikoolu Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Paman Mayabic More Information Mayi Thakurti xyt Queensland from Williams river and Cloncurry north to Canobie on Cloncurry river east to the Julia creek junction with Cloncurry river and to Mount Fort Bowen at Dalgonally No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Maidakadi Maidhagari Maidhaggaria Maioakuri Maitakeidi Maitakudi Maithagudi Maithakari Maithakudi Mayadhagurdifagurdi Mayatagoori Maydhagurdi Maytagoori Mitagurdi Mitakoodi Mitroogoordi Mittagurdi Mittaka Mythaguddi Mythugadi Mythuggadi Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Paman Mayabic More Information Mayi Yapi xyj Queensland Cloncurry river south to Canobie north to Donor Hills at Numbera Cowan Downs east to Flinders river and the Lower Saxby west to upper Dismal creek and Leichhardt Alexandra divide No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Majabi Miappe Miappi Miubbi Myabi Myappe Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Paman Mayabic More Information Mbara mvl Queensland No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Mbara More Information Mbariman Gudhinma zmv Queensland Cape York peninsula Princess Charlotte bay southwest coast No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Rimang Gudinhma Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Paman Mbariman More Information Meriam ulk Queensland Eastern Torres Strait islands Darnley island 210 2006 census Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names East Torres Mer Meriam Mir Meryam Mir Mir Miriam Miriam Mir Dialects Boigu Buglial Bulgai Tagota Limited mutual intelligibility of Gizrra tof Classification Eastern Trans Fly More Information Minang xrg Western Australia Boat harbor Cowerup King George s sound Lac Muir Minang Mount Barker Nornalup Pallinup river Porongurup range Shannon river Stirling range Tenterden West Cliff Point Wilson inlet No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Mean anger Meenung Meernanger Minnal Yungar Minung Mirnong Noongar Nyungar Classification Australian Pama Nyungan South West Nyungar More Information Minjungbal xjb New South Wales Cape Byron Clarence river Murwillumbah Nerang creek Southport Cudgen No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Cood jingburra Cudgingberry Gando Minjang Gan dowal Gendo Minjangbal Minyowa Minyung Ngandowul Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Bandjalangic More Information Miriwung mep Western Australia Kununurra Turkey creek extends into Northern Territory towards mouth of Victoria river 210 2006 census Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Merong Miriwoong Miriwun Mirung Classification Australian Djeragan More Information Miwa vmi Western Australia Drysdale river far north Kimberleys area No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Bagu Classification Australian Worrorran More Information Mpalitjanh xpj Queensland Cape York peninsula middle and upper Ducie river area No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Mbalidjan Mpalit Yan Mpalitjan Mpalityanh Dialects None known Reportedly similar to Uradhi urf Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Paman Northern Pama Comments No information regarding the last known user More Information Mudburra dmw Northern Territory Armstrong river Camfield river Cattle creek Newcastle waters Pigeon Hole station Thjambutjambulani Top Springs Victoria river 48 2003 Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Madbara Moodburra Mootburra Mudbara Mudbera Mudbra Mudbura Mutpura Pinkagama Pinkagarna Dialects Eastern Mudburra Western Mudburra Reportedly similar to Karranga xrq Classification Australian Pama Nyungan South West Ngumbin More Information Mullukmulluk mpb Northern Territory Daly river north bank 33 2006 census Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Malagmalag Malakmalak Malak Malak Ngolak Wonga Nguluwongga Classification Australian Daly Malagmalag Malagmalag Proper More Information Muluridyi vmu Queensland Mitchell river headwaters to Mount Carbine Rumula Mareeba Woodville No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Binjara Kokomoloroij Kokomoloroitji Kookanoona Molloroidyi Mooloroiji Mularitchee Mullridgey Mulurutji Waluridji Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Yalandyic More Information Murrinh Patha mwf Northern Territory Port Keats area Wadeye 1 830 2006 census Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Garama Murinbada Murinbata Dialects Murrinhdiminin Murrinhkura Murrinhpatha Classification Australian Daly Murrinh Patha More Information Muruwari zmu Queensland and New South Wales from Bollon Dirranbandi Weilmoringle Bourke almost to Cunnamulla No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Murawari Muruwarri Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Muruwaric More Information Nakara nck Northern Territory Maningrida Arnhem Land Goulburn island 57 2006 census Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Kokori Nagara Nakkara Classification Australian Gunwingguan Burarran More Information Nari Nari rnr New South Wales from Booligal to near Balranald No known L1 speakers Date of the last speaker s death is unknown Two speakers Jack Wise and Mary Moore provided language information in 1965 and 1967 Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Narinari Nari Nari Narri Narri Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Kulin More Information Narrinyeri nay South Australia 160 2006 census Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Ngarinyeri Ngarrindjeri Yaralde Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Ngarinyeric Yithayithic More Information Narungga nnr South Australia south Yorke peninsula 24 2006 census Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Nanunga Naranga Narangga Narranga Narranggu Narrangu Dialects Adjabdurah Adjahdurah Turra Classification Australian Pama Nyungan South West Yura More Information Nauo nwo South Australia half of Eyre peninsula west to Cape Radstock north past Minnipa east near Darke peak west of Cleve and halfway between Carrow and Franklin harbor Port Lincoln Mount Hope Coffin bay and Elliston No known L1 speakers There were two potential speakers in the 1920s Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Battara Growoo Naua Nawo Nawu Nowo Nyaawa Dialects None known Reportedly similar to Wirangu wgu Classification Australian Pama Nyungan South West Yura More Information Ndra ngith dgt Queensland south of Pera Head Norman river No known L1 speakers No information on the date of the last speaker s death Status 10 Extinct Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Paman Northern Pama More Information Ngaanyatjarra ntj Western Australia Warburton ranges small area southwest corner Northern Territory 1 000 2006 census Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Ngaanjatjarra Ngaanyatjara Nyanganyatjara Classification Australian Pama Nyungan South West Wati More Information Ngadjunmaya nju Western Australia Eyre s Sand Patch Goddard creek to Port Malcolm Fraser range Naretha and Point Culver Mount Andres Russell range Balladonia and Norseman No known L1 speakers Probably recently extinct Wurm 2007 Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Badonjunga Bardojunga Ngadju Ngadjumaja Ngadjunmaia Ngatju Ngatjumay Tchaakalaaga Dialects None known Related to Kalarko kba Classification Australian Pama Nyungan South West Mirning More Information Ngadjuri jui South Australia and Victoria states Angaston and Freeling north to Clare Crystal Brook Gladstone Carrieton north of Waukaringa to Koonamore east to Mannahill Orroroo Peterborough Burra and Robertstown districts No known L1 speakers No speakers in 1996 AUSTLANG census Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Aluri Alury Boanawari Burra Burra Burra Doora Eeleeree Eura Hillary Hilleri Manu Manuley Manuri Mimbara Monnoo Ngadhuri Ngadluri Ngadyuri Ngaluri Ngarluri Weera Werra Wiramaya Wirameju Wirameyu Wirra Wirramaya Wirra Maya Wirramayo Wirrameyu Yilrea Youngye Classification Australian Pama Nyungan South West Yura More Information Ngalakan nig Northern Territory Roper river area No known L1 speakers Baker 2007 Last fluent speaker died in 2004 Baker 2007 Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Hongalla Ngalakgan Ngalangan Classification Australian Gunwingguan Rembargic More Information Ngamini nmv South Australia Warburton creek area No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Karangura Yarluyandji Dialects None known May have no remaining speakers Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Karnic Karna More Information Nganakarti xnk Western Australia Mingenew Carnamah Gullewa Champion bay Hill river No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Barimaia Jaburu Minango Nanakari Nanakati Nhanhagardi Wiri Classification Australian Pama Nyungan South West Nyungar More Information Ngandi nid Northern Territory Upper Wilton river No known L1 speakers Status 9 Dormant Classification Australian Gunwingguan Enindhilyagwa Comments Believed to be extinct for some time but it seems that some speakers may still remain Wurm 2007 More Information Ngan gityemerri nam Northern Territory Mission Tipperary Station Flora and Daly rivers junction Daly river 180 2006 census Ngenkiwumerri dialect is endangered moving towards seriously endangered Wurm 2007 Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Moil Ngangi Tjemerri Tyemeri Dialects Nangikurrunggurr Nangikurunggurr Ngangikarangurr Ngankikurrunkurr Ngenkikurrunggur Ngan gimerri Ngan giwumirri Ngangi Wumeri Ngenkiwumerri Ngan giwumirri dialect is 84 similar with other dialects Classification Australian Daly Murrinh Patha More Information Ngantangarra ntg Victoria on upper Wilson river north to Eromanga and beyond toward Thylungra and Ray south to Nockatunga No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Ngandangara Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Karnic More Information Nganyaywana nyx New South Wales northeast between Inverell Ashford and Glen Innes No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Aniwan Nganjaywana Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Dyangadi More Information Ngardi rxd Northern Territory Balgo hill Chilla well Gardiner range Granites Ima Ima Lake Hazlett Lake Lucas Lake Mackay Lake White Lake Wills Manggai Milidjipi Ngaima Ngaima Pallotine Mission Sturt creek Tanami track Tekkari also Western Australia 14 2012 AUSTLANG Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Boonara Bunara Buruwatung Kolo Kukuruba Manggai Munga Ngadi Ngari Nyardi Panara Puruwantung Waiangadi Waiangara Waiangari Wain gara Walmala Wanayaga Warangari Waringari Wommana Woneiga Classification Australian Pama Nyungan South West Ngumbin More Information Ngarigu xni New South Wales Australian Alps Bombala river Delagate Monaro Tableland Nimmitabel Queanbeyan 5 2004 AUSTLANG Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Bemeringal Bradjerak Brajerak Brajerang Currak da bidgee Garego Guramal Gur mal Murring Ngarago Ngarego Ngarico Ngarigo Ngarroogoo Ngarrugu Ngaryo Nguramal Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Yuin More Information Ngarinman nbj Northern Territory Victoria river Jasper creek area 370 Black 1983 360 Ngarinman 15 Bilinara 2006 census Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Airiman Hainman Ngaiman Ngarinyman Ngrarmun Dialects Bilinara Pilinara Classification Australian Pama Nyungan South West Ngumbin More Information Ngarinyin ung Western Australia Kimberley Derby to King river 57 2006 census Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Ungarinjin Ungarinyin Dialects Guwidj Wilawila Wolyamidi Wurla Ola Walar Worla Worlaja Wula Wuladja Wuladjangari Classification Australian Worrorran Comments A different Wurla dialect reportedly still spoken 1990 A Rumsey More Information Ngarla nlr Western Australia Port Hedland area Angelo Ashburton and Hardey rivers Kunderong Range Mount Vernon Station Rocklea Turee creek 3 2006 AUSTLANG 10 semispeakers Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Inawangga Inawonga Inawongga Nalawonga Ngalawonga Ngalawongga Ngarla warngga Ngaunmardi Ninanu Yinhawangka Classification Australian Pama Nyungan South West Inland Ngayarda More Information Ngarluma nrl Western Australia northwest coast Roebourne area and inland 26 2006 census Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Gnalluma Gnalouma Ngallooma Ngaluma Classification Australian Pama Nyungan South West Coastal Ngayarda More Information Ngawun nxn Queensland southwest of Croydon between Flinders and Norman rivers No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Paman Mayabic More Information Ngayawung nwg South Australia along Murray river from Herman Landing to Penn Reach west to Mount Lofty ranges south to Ngautngaut No known L1 speakers Date of last speaker s death unknown Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Ngaiawang Ngaiawung Ngayawang Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Ngarinyeric Yithayithic More Information Ngunawal xul New South Wales Booroowa Canberra Goulburn Queanbeyan Shoalhaven river Tumut Yass No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Gurungada Ngoonawal Ngunuwal Nungawal Wonnawal Yarr Dialects None known Reportedly similar to Gundungurra xrd Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Yuin Comments Not related to Ngurawarla a dialect of Eastern Karnic ekc More Information Ngurmbur nrx Northern Territory Arnhem Land between West and South Alligator rivers northeast of Umbugarla No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Gnormbur Gnumbu Koarnbut Ngormbur Ngumbur Oormbur Classification Australian Umbugarla Ngumbur More Information Nhanda nha Western Australia Shark bay coast south to Kalbarri In 1995 a few speakers were reported Some still survive Wurm 2007 Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Nanda Nanta Nhanta Nubda Nunta Dialects Bulinya Classification Australian Pama Nyungan South West Yinggarda More Information Nhirrpi hrp Victoria No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Karnic More Information Nhuwala nhf Western Australia northwest Barrow and Monte Bello islands and nearby coast No known L1 speakers May have no remaining speakers Wurm 2007 Status 9 Dormant Classification Australian Pama Nyungan South West Coastal Ngayarda More Information Nijadali nad Western Australia MarbleBar 6 1990 SIL Status 8a Moribund Alternate Names Bailko Balgu Balygu Balyku Jauna Paljgu Palyku Classification Australian Pama Nyungan South West Nijadali Comments 2 groups Bailko and Jauna More Information Nimanbur nmp Western Australia southwest of King sound and inland No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Nimanburru Classification Australian Nyulnyulan More Information Nugunu nnv South Australia south of Gugada ktd language area to coast west to Fowler s bay and east to Streaky bay east Spencer gulf No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Doora Njuguna Nokunna Noocoona Nookoona Nuguna Nukana Nukuna Nukunnu Nukunu Pukunna Tjura Tyura Wallaroo Warra Wongaidya Classification Australian Pama Nyungan South West Yura More Information Nukunul xnu Queensland No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Durubulic More Information Nungali nug Northern Territory Upper Daly river area No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Classification Australian Djamindjungan More Information Nunggubuyu nuy Northern Territory Numbulwar east Arnhem Land 110 2006 census Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Nunggubuju Wubuy Yingkwira Classification Australian Gunwingguan Enindhilyagwa More Information Nyamal nly Western Australia northwest Bamboo creek area Marble Bar Nullagine to coast east of Port Hedland 35 2006 census decreasing Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Gnamo Namel Njamal Njamarl Nyamel Classification Australian Pama Nyungan South West Inland Ngayarda More Information Nyangga nny Queensland Gilbert river head south of Forsayth to Gledswood Gregory range to Oak Park and Glenora Northern Territory coast east of Robinson river No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Janga Jangaa Jangga Jang Kala Njangga Njanggala Yangarella Yanggal Yangkaal Yuckamurri Classification Australian Tangic Comments Reportedly the same as Ganggalida gcd More Information Nyangumarta nna Western Australia Marble Bar Port Hedland Tjalku Wara 310 2006 census Status 5 Developing Alternate Names Nyangumarda Nyangumata Classification Australian Pama Nyungan South West Marngu More Information Nyawaygi nyt Northeast Queensland Herberton south to Herbert river headwaters to Cashmere at Ravenshoe Millaa Millaa and Woodleigh east to Tully Falls No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Alternate Names Nawagi Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Dyirbalic More Information Nyigina nyh Western Australia Lower Fitzroy river 63 2006 census Status 7 Shifting Alternate Names Njigina Nyikina Classification Australian Nyulnyulan More Information Nyiyaparli xny Western Australia Davis river Fortescue river Jigalong creek Oakover river Ophtalmia range Roy hill Savory creek Talawana Weediwolli creek 3 2006 AUSTLANG Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Iabali Jana Janari Niabali Njiabadi Njiabali Njijabadi Njijabali Njijapali Nyiyabali Nyiyapali Nyiypali Classification Australian Pama Nyungan South West Wati More Information Nyulnyul nyv Western Australia West Kimberley Beagle Bay coast area No known L1 speakers Status 10 Extinct Classification Australian Nyulnyulan More Information Nyunga nys South Western Australia 240 2006 census Status 6b Threatened Alternate Names Neo Nyunga Nyungar Classification Australian Pama Nyungan South West Nyungar Comments Former Nyungar languages Tjapanmay Karlamay Pipelman Pipalman Ngatjumay Kwetjman Mirnong Kaniyang Pindjarup and Whadjuk There are about 8 000 people who are descended from the Nyunga who speak a mixture of English and Nyunga included as a dialect of English eng in Australia They are sometimes called Noonga Noongar or Noogar and their speech Neo Nyunga More Information Olkol olk Queensland Coleman river Crosbie river 5 2006 AUSTLANG Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Koka ollugul Koko Olkol Koko Olkolo Koko olkol Olcoola Olgolo Ol kol Olkulo Ulkulu Wulgulu Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Paman More Information Paakantyi drl New South Wales Darling river basin 24 2006 census Status 8b Nearly extinct Alternate Names Baagandji Darling Kula Paakanti Paakintyi Southern Baagandji Dialects Kurnu Marrawarra Maruara Milpulo Nhaawuparlku Paaruntyi Pantyikali Bandjigali Parrintyi Baarrundji Barindji Pulaali Southern Paakantyi Thangkaali Wanyuparlku Wilyaali Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Baagandji More Information Pakanha pkn Queensland central Cape York peninsula south of Coleman river No known L1 speakers Wurm 2007 Status 9 Dormant Alternate Names Bakanha Classification Australian Pama Nyungan Paman Middle Pama More Information

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  • Australia - Status | Ethnologue
    48 2003 Mullukmulluk mpb 8b Nearly extinct 33 2006 census Narrinyeri nay 8b Nearly extinct 160 2006 census Narungga nnr 8b Nearly extinct 24 2006 census Ngardi rxd 8b Nearly extinct 14 2012 AUSTLANG Ngarigu xni 8b Nearly extinct 5 2004 AUSTLANG Ngarla nlr 8b Nearly extinct 3 2006 AUSTLANG 10 semispeakers Ngarluma nrl 8b Nearly extinct 26 2006 census Nhanda nha 8b Nearly extinct In 1995 a few speakers were reported Some still survive Wurm 2007 Nyamal nly 8b Nearly extinct 35 2006 census decreasing Nyiyaparli xny 8b Nearly extinct 3 2006 AUSTLANG Olkol olk 8b Nearly extinct 5 2006 AUSTLANG Paakantyi drl 8b Nearly extinct 24 2006 census Pini pii 8b Nearly extinct 10 May have no remaining speakers Tagalaka tgz 8b Nearly extinct 1 2005 NILS Wadi Wadi xwd 8b Nearly extinct Wageman waq 8b Nearly extinct 10 2000 Wajarri wbv 8b Nearly extinct 89 2006 census Ethnic population 200 1981 W Douglas Wangaaybuwan Ngiyambaa wyb 8b Nearly extinct 12 Wurm and Hattori 1981 Wanman wbt 8b Nearly extinct 20 1973 SIL Considerably fewer than the 20 reported in 1973 Wurm 2007 Wanyi wny 8b Nearly extinct 10 Tryon 2007 May be 2 Wanji semi speakers and 1 full speaker Wurm 2007 Warlmanpa wrl 8b Nearly extinct 47 2006 census Warrgamay wgy 8b Nearly extinct 3 2011 SIL Wergaia weg 8b Nearly extinct 5 2005 AUSTLANG Wiradhuri wrh 8b Nearly extinct 100 2006 census Wirangu wgu 8b Nearly extinct 2 2011 AUSTLANG 2 semi speakers Wurm 2007 Worrorra wro 8b Nearly extinct 20 2006 census Wulna wux 8b Nearly extinct 1 2011 SIL Wunambal wub 8b Nearly extinct 30 2006 census Yan nhangu jay 8b Nearly extinct 40 Black 1983 Speaker number decreasing since 40 in 1983 Wurm 2007 Yanda yda 8b Nearly extinct Few speakers reported in 2012 Yardliyawarra yxl 8b Nearly extinct 2 Hercus and Austin 2004 2 speakers in 1987 Hercus and Austin 2004 Yarluyandi yry 8b Nearly extinct Yinggarda yia 8b Nearly extinct 5 Wurm and Hattori 1981 Ruhlen 1987 reported no remaining speakers Yinhawangka ywg 8b Nearly extinct 3 2006 AUSTLANG Yir Yoront yiy 8b Nearly extinct 15 1991 B Sommer Fewer than the 15 reported in 1991 Wurm 2007 L2 users Some L2 speakers Yirandali ljw 8b Nearly extinct Yugul ygu 8b Nearly extinct 9 Dormant Awabakal awk 9 Dormant No known L1 speakers Biri bzr 9 Dormant No known L1 speakers Dhungaloo dhx 9 Dormant No known L1 speakers Gabi Gabi gbw 9 Dormant No known L1 speakers Speaker numbers are not known but there is a sizable community in Brisbane who identify with this group Gugu Badhun gdc 9 Dormant No known L1 speakers Gureng Gureng gnr 9 Dormant No known L1 speakers L2 users L2 by fewer than 100 children and adults Karenggapa eaa 9 Dormant No known L1 speakers Karuwali rxw 9 Dormant No known L1 speakers Ngandi nid 9 Dormant No known L1 speakers Nhuwala nhf 9 Dormant No known L1 speakers May have no remaining speakers Wurm 2007 Pakanha pkn 9 Dormant No known L1 speakers Wurm 2007 Pinigura pnv 9 Dormant No known L1 speakers Wurm 2007 Tyaraity woa 9 Dormant No known L1 speakers Wurm 2007 Umiida xud 9 Dormant No known L1 speakers Unggumi xgu 9 Dormant No known L1 speakers Wakawaka wkw 9 Dormant No known L1 speakers Wurm 2007 Last native speaker of Duunidjawu dialect died in 1965 Wurm 2007 L2 users 2 Wurm 2007 Warungu wrg 9 Dormant No known L1 speakers Yangman jng 9 Dormant No known L1 speakers Ethnic population 50 Black 1983 Yatay yty 9 Dormant No known L1 speakers Yawijibaya jbw 9 Dormant No known L1 speakers Yawuru ywr 9 Dormant No known L1 speakers Wurm 2007 Recently extinct Yinwum yxm 9 Dormant No known L1 speakers Yitha Yitha xth 9 Dormant No known L1 speakers Yorta Yorta xyy 9 Dormant No known L1 speakers Likely still spoken AUSTLANG Yuyu yxu 9 Dormant No known L1 speakers 9 Reawakening Daungwurrung dgw 9 Reawakening No known L1 speakers but emerging L2 speakers 9 Second language only Broome Pearling Lugger Pidgin bpl 9 Second language only Lingua franca on pearling boats between Malays Japanese Chinese and Aborigines No known L1 speakers L2 users 40 10 Extinct Adithinngithigh dth 10 Extinct No known L1 speakers Aghu Tharnggala gtu 10 Extinct No known L1 speakers Alngith aid 10 Extinct No known L1 speakers Angkamuthi avm 10 Extinct No known L1 speakers Anguthimri awg 10 Extinct No known L1 speakers Date of last speaker s death is unknown Arakwal rkw 10 Extinct No known L1 speakers Aranda Lower Southern axl 10 Extinct No known L1 speakers Areba aea 10 Extinct No known L1 speakers Wurm 2003 Unlikely any speakers remain Wurm 2003 Atampaya amz 10 Extinct No known L1 speakers Wurm 2003 Awngthim gwm 10 Extinct No known L1 speakers Ayabadhu ayd 10 Extinct No known L1 speakers Wurm 2003 Ayerrerenge axe 10 Extinct No known L1 speakers Badjiri jbi 10 Extinct No known L1 speakers Barbaram vmb 10 Extinct No known L1 speakers Barngarla bjb 10 Extinct No known L1 speakers Barrow Point bpt 10 Extinct No known L1 speakers Bayali bjy 10 Extinct No known L1 speakers Bibbulman xbp 10 Extinct No known L1 speakers Bidyara bym 10 Extinct No known L1 speakers No remaining speakers Ruhlen 1987 Bigambal xbe 10 Extinct No known L1 speakers Bindal xbd 10 Extinct No known L1 speakers Birrpayi xbj 10 Extinct No known L1 speakers Bunganditj xbg 10 Extinct No known L1 speakers Dagoman dgn 10 Extinct No known L1 speakers Dharuk xdk 10 Extinct No known L1 speakers Dharumbal xgm 10 Extinct No known L1 speakers Dhurga dhu 10 Extinct No known L1 speakers Dirari dit 10 Extinct No known L1 speakers Djadjawurrung dja 10 Extinct No known L1 speakers Date of the last speaker s death unknown Djangun djf 10 Extinct No known L1 speakers Djawi djw 10 Extinct No known L1 speakers Wurm 2003 Djiwarli dze 10 Extinct

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