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  • Arguments Against Euthanasia
    the treatment of death For example immediately after the passage of Measure 16 Oregon s law permitting assisted suicide Jean Thorne the state s Medicaid Director announced that physician assisted suicide would be paid for as comfort care under the Oregon Health Plan which provides medical coverage for about 345 000 poor Oregonians Within eighteen months of Measure 16 s passage the State of Oregon announced plans to cut back on health care coverage for poor state residents In Canada hospital stays are being shortened while at the same time funds have not been made available for home care for the sick and elderly Registered nurses are being replaced with less expensive practical nurses Patients are forced to endure long waits for many types of needed surgery 1 3 Euthanasia will only be voluntary they say Emotional and psychological pressures could become overpowering for depressed or dependent people If the choice of euthanasia is considered as good as a decision to receive care many people will feel guilty for not choosing death Financial considerations added to the concern about being a burden could serve as powerful forces that would lead a person to choose euthanasia or assisted suicide People for euthanasia say that voluntary euthanasia will not lead to involuntary euthanasia They look at things as simply black and white In real life there would be millions of situations each year where cases would not fall clearly into either category Here are two Example 1 an elderly person in a nursing home who can barely understand a breakfast menu is asked to sign a form consenting to be killed Is this voluntary or involuntary Will they be protected by the law How Right now the overall prohibition on killing stands in the way Once one signature can sign away a person s life what can be as strong a protection as the current absolute prohibition on direct killing Answer nothing Example 2 a woman is suffering from depresssion and asks to be helped to commit suicide One doctor sets up a practice to help such people She and anyone who wants to die knows he will approve any such request He does thousands a year for 200 each How does the law protect people from him Does it specify that a doctor can only approve 50 requests a year 100 150 If you don t think there are such doctors just look at recent stories of doctors and nurses who are charged with murder for killing dozens or hundreds of patients Legalized euthanasia would most likely progress to the stage where people at a certain point would be expected to volunteer to be killed Think about this What if your veternarian said that your ill dog would be better of put out of her misery by being put to sleep and you refused to consent What would the vet and his assistants think What would your friends think Ten years from now if a doctor told you your mother s

    Original URL path: http://euthanasia.com/argumentsagainsteuthanasia.html (2016-02-14)
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  • Reasons for Euthanasia
    scandal that so many people do not get adequate pain control But killing is not the answer to that scandal The solution is to mandate better education of health care professionals on these crucial issues to expand access to health care and to inform patients about their rights as consumers Everyone whether it be a person with a life threatening illness or a chronic condition has the right to pain relief With modern advances in pain control no patient should ever be in excruciating pain However most doctors have never had a course in pain management so they re unaware of what to do If a patient who is under a doctor s care is in excruciating pain there s definitely a need to find a different doctor But that doctor should be one who will control the pain not one who will kill the patient There are board certified specialists in pain management who will not only help alleviate physical pain but are skilled in providing necessary support to deal with emotional suffering and depression that often accompanies physical pain 2 Demanding a right to commit suicide Probably the second most common point pro euthanasia people bring up is this so called right But what we are talking about is not giving a right to the person who is killed but to the person who does the killing In other words euthanasia is not about the right to die It s about the right to kill Euthanasia is not about giving rights to the person who dies but instead is about changing the law and public policy so that doctors relatives and others can directly and intentionally end another person s life People do have the power to commit suicide Suicide and attempted suicide are not criminalized Suicide is

    Original URL path: http://euthanasia.com/reasonsforeuthanasia.html (2016-02-14)
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  • Quotations on Euthanasia
    sick or prevented in the exercise of its higher functions is and will be always a man he will never become a vegetable or an animal the Pope said The intrinsic value and personal dignity of every human being does not change depending on their circumstances Pope John Paul II 2004 Experience in The Netherlands where there has been relatively little effort to improve pain and symptom treatment suggests that legalization of physician assisted suicide might weaken society s resolve to expand services and resources aimed at caring for the dying patient Foley 1995 Hendin 1994 Treatment of Pain at the End of Life A Position Statement from the American Pain Society In the election campaign of 2000 Presidential candidate Ralph Nader said he was worried that the Oregon law legalizing assisted suicide targets terminally ill patients who suffer from depression and those who worry about being a financial burden to their relatives Then along come doctors working for HMOs who are under pressure to cut costs and the deed is done Ralph Nader You matter because you are you You matter to the last moment of your life and we will do all we can not only to help you die peacefully but also to live until you die Dame Cicely Saunders founder of Hospice Those who promote this last fatal escape as a right should remember that such a right may quickly become an expectation and finally even a duty to die We fear eventually some individuals and families will be forced to put financial concerns above the needs of loved ones Statement against assisted suicide by members of Michigan s Religious Leaders Forum a group of Christian Jewish and Muslim leaders 5 7 98 like the majority of domestic violence cases women are the majority of victims in murder suicides by despairing spouses unable to cope with the stress of caregiving As women statistically have longer life spans than men they are the most likely targets of physician assisted suicide The majority of euthanasia advocate Dr Jack Kevorkian s victims have been women If assisted suicide and euthanasia are sanctioned choices how many women will feel pressured to choose them Serrin M Foster Executive Director Feminists For Life of America To destroy the boundary between healing and killing would mark a radical departure from longstanding legal and medical traditions of our country posing a threat of unforeseeable magnitude to vulnerable members of our society Those who represent the interests of elderly persons with disabilities and persons with AIDS or other terminal illnesses are justifiably alarmed when some hasten to confer on them the freedom to be killed U S Catholic Bishops This is a precious possession which we cannot afford to tarnish but society always is attempting to make the physician into a killer to kill the defective child at birth to leave the sleeping pills beside the bed of the cancer patient It is the duty of society to protect the physicians from such requests Margaret

    Original URL path: http://euthanasia.com/quotationsoneuthanasia.html (2016-02-14)
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  • History of Euthanasia
    the estimation of the common law but it is inalienable And the prohibitions against assisting suicide never contained exceptions for those who were near death Rather t he life of those to whom life ha d become a burden of those who were hopelessly diseased or fatally wounded nay even the lives of criminals condemned to death were under the protection of law equally as the lives of those who were in the full tide of life s enjoyment and anxious to continue to live Blackburn v State 23 Ohio St 146 163 1872 see Bowen supra at 360 prisoner who persuaded another to commit suicide could be tried for murder even though victim was scheduled shortly to be executed 1828 Earliest American statute explicitly to outlaw assisting suicide Excerpt is from the U S Supreme Court ruling in the 1997 Washington v Glucksberg opinion written by Chief Justice Rehnquist The earliest American statute explicitly to outlaw assisting suicide was enacted in New York in 1828 Act of Dec 10 1828 ch 20 4 1828 N Y Laws 19 codified at 2 N Y Rev Stat pt 4 ch 1 tit 2 art 1 7 p 661 1829 and many of the new States and Territories followed New York s example Marzen 73 74 Between 1857 and 1865 a New York commission led by Dudley Field drafted a criminal code that prohibited aiding a suicide and specifically furnish ing another person with any deadly weapon or poisonous drug knowing that such person intends to use such weapon or drug in taking his own life Id at 76 77 20th Century United States Excerpt is from the U S Supreme Court ruling in the 1997 Washington v Glucksberg opinion written by Chief Justice Rehnquist Though deeply rooted the States assisted suicide bans have in recent years been reexamined and generally reaffirmed Because of advances in medicine and technology Americans today are increasingly likely to die in institutions from chronic illnesses President s Comm n for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine and Biomedical and Behavioral Research Deciding to Forego Life Sustaining Treatment 16 18 1983 Public concern and democratic action are therefore sharply focused on how best to protect dignity and independence at the end of life with the result that there have been many significant changes in state laws and in the attitudes these laws reflect Many States for example now permit living wills surrogate health care decisionmaking and the withdrawal or refusal of life sustaining medical treatment See Vacco v Quill post at 9 11 79 F 3d at 818 820 People v Kevorkian 447 Mich 436 478 480 and nn 53 56 527 N W 2d 714 731 732 and nn 53 56 1994 At the same time however voters and legislators continue for the most part to reaffirm their States prohibitions on assisting suicide 1920 The book Permitting the Destruction of Life not Worthy of Life was published In this book authors Alfred Hoche M D

    Original URL path: http://euthanasia.com/historyeuthanasia.html (2016-02-14)
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  • History of Assisted Suicide
    71 450 N Y S 2d 623 626 627 1982 Blackwood v Jones 111 Fla 528 532 149 So 600 601 1933 No sophistry is tolerated which seek s to justify self destruction as commendable or even a matter of personal right That suicide remained a grievous though nonfelonious wrong is confirmed by the fact that colonial and early state legislatures and courts did not retreat from prohibiting assisting suicide Swift in his early 19th century treatise on the laws of Connecticut stated that i f one counsels another to commit suicide and the other by reason of the advice kills himself the advisor is guilty of murder as principal 2 Z Swift A Digest of the Laws of the State of Connecticut 270 1823 This was the well established common law view see In re Joseph G 34 Cal 3d 429 434 435 667 P 2d 1176 1179 1983 Commonwealth v Mink 123 Mass 422 428 1877 Now if the murder of one s self is felony the accessory is equally guilty as if he had aided and abetted in the murder quoting Chief Justice Parker s charge to the jury in Commonwealth v Bowen 13 Mass 356 1816 as was the similar principle that the consent of a homicide victim is wholly immaterial to the guilt of the person who cause d his death 3 J Stephen A History of the Criminal Law of England 16 1883 see 1 F Wharton Criminal Law 451 452 9th ed 1885 Martin v Commonwealth 184 Va 1009 1018 1019 37 S E 2d 43 47 1946 The right to life and to personal security is not only sacred in the estimation of the common law but it is inalienable And the prohibitions against assisting suicide never contained exceptions for those who were near death Rather t he life of those to whom life ha d become a burden of those who were hopelessly diseased or fatally wounded nay even the lives of criminals condemned to death were under the protection of law equally as the lives of those who were in the full tide of life s enjoyment and anxious to continue to live Blackburn v State 23 Ohio St 146 163 1872 see Bowen supra at 360 prisoner who persuaded another to commit suicide could be tried for murder even though victim was scheduled shortly to be executed The earliest American statute explicitly to outlaw assisting suicide was enacted in New York in 1828 Act of Dec 10 1828 ch 20 4 1828 N Y Laws 19 codified at 2 N Y Rev Stat pt 4 ch 1 tit 2 art 1 7 p 661 1829 and many of the new States and Territories followed New York s example Marzen 73 74 Between 1857 and 1865 a New York commission led by Dudley Field drafted a criminal code that prohibited aiding a suicide and specifically furnish ing another person with any deadly weapon or poisonous drug knowing that such person

    Original URL path: http://euthanasia.com/history.html (2016-02-14)
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  • World Map - Places Euthanasia or Assisted Suicide are Legal
    Places in the World Where Euthanasia or Assisted Suicide are Legal Netherlands Green Belgium Red Luxembourg Purple Three US States Yellow Return to the Euthanasia Home Page

    Original URL path: http://euthanasia.com/euthanasiamap.html (2016-02-14)
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  • asia/Assisted Suicide and People With Disabilities
    Hiring Disabled Activists Oppose California Assisted Suicide Bill 2006 Fear of Being Disabled Drives Advocates of Assisted Suicide Bill by Ron Amundson Ph D Professor of Philosophy at the University of Hawaii at Hilo 2002 Who Decides There s No Hope Euthanasia and Disabilities The Illusion of Safety Through Segregation European Disability Rights Groups Confront the Slippery Slope of Euthanasia 2002 Persecution of People with Disabilities in Nazi Germany Regent

    Original URL path: http://euthanasia.com/disabilitiesandeuthanasia.html (2016-02-14)
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  • Key Points for Debating Assisting Suicide
    who attempt suicide but are stopped less than 4 percent go on to kill themselves in the next five years less than 11 percent will commit suicide over the next 35 years 3 Terminally Ill patients who desire death are depressed and depression is treatable in those with terminal illness In one study of the 24 percent of terminally ill patients who desired death all had clinical depression 4 Pain is controllable Modern medicine has the ability to control pain A person who seeks to kill him or herself to avoid pain does not need legalized assisted suicide but a doctor better trained in alleviating pain 5 In the U S legalizing voluntary active euthanasia assisting suicide means legalizing non voluntary euthanasia State courts have ruled time and again that if competent people have a right the Equal Protection Clause of the United States Constitution s Fourteenth Amendment requires that incompetent people be given the same right 6 In the Netherlands legalizing voluntary assisted suicide for those with terminal illness has spread to include nonvoluntary euthanasia for many who have no terminal illnesses Half the killings in the Netherlands are now nonvoluntary and the problems for which death in now

    Original URL path: http://euthanasia.com/debate.html (2016-02-14)
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