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  • Environmental Glossary
    either federal or state levels For example there is a U S EPA which operates separately from the Ohio EPA Fluorescent lamps Lamps that emit light through electromagnetic radiation Greenhouse gas Naturally occurring gases in the atmosphere that magnify heat from the sun A certain level of greenhouse gases is necessary to prevent the Earth from icing over Groundwater Water found beneath the Earth s surface in reservoirs called aquifers Hazardous waste Waste that is potentially reactive corrosive flammable toxic or explosive Heavy metals Metals such as lead mercury and arsenic that can be toxic in certain concentrations Incandescent lamps Lamps that emit light as a result of an element or filament being heated Integrated waste management The safe handling of municipal solid waste This includes source reduction recycling composting combustion and landfilling Landfill A tract of land where waste is disposed of in a series of compacted layers and later covered with soil compacted clay plastic lining or a combination of these things Lead acid batteries Batteries commonly found in cars and boats Natural resources Resources taken from the earth such as minerals petroleum coal wood and water Nitrogen oxides Nitrogen oxides NOx is the generic term for a group of gases all of which contain nitrogen and oxygen in varying amounts Many of the nitrogen oxides are colorless and odorless Nitrogen oxides form when fuel is burned at high temperatures as in a combustion process The primary manmade sources of NOx are motor vehicles electric utilities and other industrial commercial and residential sources that burn fuels NOx also can be formed naturally Passerine An adjective describing something that relates to the largest order of birds passeriformes which includes more than half of all birds Pollutant A substance in certain concentrations that is capable of degrading the environment s

    Original URL path: https://www.firstenergycorp.com/environmental/resources/glossary.html (2016-02-13)
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  • Recycling
    a typically unusable by product of the facility s scrubber system into commercial grade gypsum used to produce wallboard Launched in 1999 it s the single largest recycling project in North America 1 The Forced Oxidation Gypsum FOG Project begins at the production building 2 where by product from the Mansfield Plant background is processed into gypsum which is temporarily held in the storage building 3 before it is sent by conveyor system 4 to the National Gypsum Company plant The plant s scrubber system which removes over 95 percent of the sulfur dioxide from the plant s emissions works by spraying a liquid lime substance into the flue gas The process creates a byproduct called calcium sulfite which is normally disposed of in a landfill FirstEnergy developed a process that annually converts 450 000 tons of scrubber byproduct into commercial grade gypsum which then is used in a nearby factory to produce half a million tons of wallboard each year That s enough drywall for 70 000 new homes The National Gypsum Company built its 85 million drywall facility next to the Mansfield power plant specifically for this project The recycling process is called Forced Oxidation Gypsum or FOG The FirstEnergy facility is the only one like it in the world Once the calcium sulfite is transformed into gypsum an enclosed conveyor belt transports it from the FOG plant across the street to the National Gypsum facility FirstEnergy with help from the Dravo Lime Company patented the process for producing commercial grade gypsum from its calcium sulfite by injecting it with oxygen After a decade of development and construction the FOG plant is on the leading edge of environmental technology and overshadows any other recycling effort in the nation This technology benefits FirstEnergy in two ways The Company generates

    Original URL path: https://www.firstenergycorp.com/environmental/initiatives/waste/land.html (2016-02-13)
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  • Waste Minimization Program
    end of pipe treatment strategy The reduction or elimination of waste generated at its source is the priority FirstEnergy has a long term commitment to waste minimization source reduction and environmentally sound recycling This effective program protects the environment while also creating positive economic value for our company Examples include Upgrades in FirstEnergy s computer systems enables effective management of inventories Purchasing only the amount of material needed reduces cost and eliminates waste Our coal generation plants generate over two million tons of ash annually Approximately half of the ash is recycled into a variety of products including concrete structural fills stabilizing materials and concrete by products We continue to look for new ways to reuse this material At the Bruce Mansfield Plant 450 000 tons of scrubber sludge per year is used to make gypsum which is then used to make wallboard This program not only eliminates waste streams but also provides usable products A program of evaluating and repairing transformers and other electrical equipment at three electrical equipment repair shops dramatically reduces new equipment purchases When reuse is not practical recycling is pursued whenever possible FirstEnergy has programs for recycling metals including copper aluminum and steel throughout its system Over 50 waste streams are recycled rather than discarded including batteries cardboard lubricating oil paper street lamps wood products and other materials Substitution by less hazardous materials when possible benefits both the environment and FirstEnergy s employees who might be exposed during use Programs to eliminate the use of hazardous solvents are in place substituting less hazardous materials with recycling as a goal in the selection of the replacement material example substitution of the solvents used in parts washers To implement a waste minimization strategy FirstEnergy has a Corporate Waste Minimization Team The goal of the Team is to

    Original URL path: https://www.firstenergycorp.com/environmental/initiatives/waste/minimization.html (2016-02-13)
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  • Responsible Byproduct Disposal
    Byproduct Disposal Responsible Byproduct Disposal FirstEnergy operates a diverse fleet that includes coal nuclear natural gas oil and renewable generating sources The company is committed to responsible disposal of materials created as part of the power generation process Little Blue Run The Bruce Mansfield Plant in Shippingport Pa was the first coal fired power plant in North America built with sulfur dioxide SO2 scrubbers installed as original equipment Much of the coal combustion byproducts CCBs created through the scrubbing process is used to make wallboard at the single largest CCB recycling facility in the country The remaining CCBs are stored at a facility known as Little Blue Run The material is periodically covered with mulch and vegetation and water quality is monitored through an extensive system After 2016 scrubber material will no longer be placed at the site Little Blue Run Website Bruce Mansfield Little Blue Run Video CCB Dry Disposal Air quality controls FirstEnergy s W H Sammis Plant in Ohio Hatfield s Ferry Plant in Pa and Ft Martin Pleasants and Harrison Plants in W Va produce synthetic gypsum as a byproduct This material identical to gypsum found naturally in the environment is then transported to state of the art dry disposal facilities These facilities utilize liners and leachate protection systems as well as extensive groundwater monitoring to ensure environmental protection Used Nuclear Fuel Storage Over time the ability of nuclear fuel assemblies to produce heat energy diminishes and they must be replaced with new ones Used fuel assemblies have traditionally been stored in steel lined concrete fuel pools within the nuclear plant As those pools reach capacity FirstEnergy nuclear facilities are utilizing dry storage structures to accommodate used fuel Dry storage systems are a proven effective and secure storage solution Nuclear Energy Institute Information on Used Fuel

    Original URL path: https://www.firstenergycorp.com/environmental/initiatives/waste/by-product-disposal.html (2016-02-13)
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  • Nuclear Power Avoided Emissions
    Contact Us Speakers Bureau Environmental Commitment to Better Energy Generation Nuclear Power Avoided Emi Nuclear Power Avoided Emissions Unlike many other electricity sources nuclear power produces no air emissions during daily operations Since 1990 the net megawatt hours produced by FirstEnergy Nuclear Operating Company plants the Perry Plant in Perry Ohio Davis Besse Nuclear Power Station in Oak Harbor Ohio and Beaver Valley Power Station in Shippingport Pennsylvania have resulted in more than 720 million tons of avoided carbon dioxide emissions See chart below According to the Nuclear Energy Institute NEI nuclear generated electricity avoided almost 595 million metric tons of carbon dioxide in the U S in 2014 Without nuclear plants all of the nation s 135 million passenger cars would have to be eliminated to keep U S carbon dioxide emissions from increasing More than 400 nuclear power plants worldwide produce nearly 11 percent of the world s electricity while reducing carbon dioxide emissions by more than 2 5 billion metric tons per year In addition nuclear power plants require less land area than all other energy sources which aids conservation and wildlife efforts across the U S Many nuclear plants actually have wildlife sanctuaries on site because of the negligible impact on the surrounding area Carbon Dioxide Emissions Avoided In 2014 nuclear energy accounted for 62 9 percent of emission free generation in the United States NEI graphic Sources of emission free electricity From 1995 through 2014 U S nuclear power plants have avoided more than 13 billion metric tons of carbon dioxide NEI chart Emissions avoided by the U S nuclear industry Worldwide nuclear energy avoids on average the emissions of about 2 5 billion metric tons of carbon dioxide per year Learn more about our nuclear fleet By clicking these link you are leaving the

    Original URL path: https://www.firstenergycorp.com/environmental/stewardship/generation/nuclear_power_avoidedemissions.html (2016-02-13)
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  • W. H. Sammis Plant
    Services Corporate Governance Investor Contacts Careers Why FirstEnergy Diversity Inclusion Career Paths Student Opportunities Military Hiring Process Search Jobs Environmental Our Initiatives Commitment to Better Energy Generation Generation Plants Map Nuclear Power Avoided Emissions W H Sammis Plant Alternative Renewable Energy FAQs Resources Contact Us Speakers Bureau Environmental Commitment to Better Energy Generation W H Sammis Plant W H Sammis Plant View Photo Gallery Image Image Image Image Image At 2 233 megawatts of capacity the W H Sammis Plant is FirstEnergy s largest power generation facility in Ohio Situated along the Ohio River in Stratton it is the site of one of the largest air quality control retrofits in U S history The five year 1 8 billion environmental project included the installation of scrubbers and selective catalytic reduction equipment designed to reduce emissions of sulfur dioxide by 95 percent nitrogen oxides by up to 90 percent and mercury by about 75 percent The retrofit was named Construction Project of the Year by Platts Global Energy Awards in 2010 and received an honorable mention from Power Engineering magazine Last Modified February 7 2016 FirstEnergy Home About FirstEnergy Newsroom Investors Social Media FirstEnergy Solutions Environment Community Economic Development Careers Privacy

    Original URL path: https://www.firstenergycorp.com/environmental/stewardship/generation/sammis_plant.html (2016-02-13)
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  • FirstEnergy Tests Largest Utility-Scale Fuel Cell System
    Environmental Commitment to Better Energy Alternative Renewable Energy FirstEnergy Tests Largest FirstEnergy Tests Largest Utility Scale Fuel Cell System View Photo Gallery Image Image Clean Renewable Megawatt in a box All describe the utility scale fuel cell being tested at FirstEnergy s Eastlake Plant in Eastlake Ohio Using hydrogen for fuel and oxygen from the air the system produces clean electricity efficiently quietly and without combustion The only byproducts of the process are heat and water FirstEnergy is collaborating with manufacturer Ballard Power Systems of Vancouver British Columbia on a multi year test of the world s largest utility scale proton exchange membrane hydrogen powered fuel cell The 54 foot long unit is mounted on a tractor trailer for mobility and will be tested under real world conditions to better understand its capability to provide generating capacity during summer peak use periods The system produces one megawatt of electricity enough to power some 600 homes Unlike wind and solar a mobile fuel cell system has the ability to provide reliable and dispatchable power where and when it is needed Ultimately fuel cells could be an important tool for meeting our future energy needs As part of the demonstration process performance

    Original URL path: https://www.firstenergycorp.com/environmental/stewardship/alternative_renewableenergy/fuel_cell.html (2016-02-13)
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  • Demographics and Statistics
    Stewardship Community Community Involvement Economic Development Speakers Bureau Newsroom News Releases Company Profile Outage Information Media Contacts Social Media Investors News Market Information SEC Filings Reports Financial Information Stock Info Analyst Coverage Fixed Income Investors Shareholder Services Corporate Governance Investor Contacts Careers Why FirstEnergy Diversity Inclusion Career Paths Student Opportunities Military Hiring Process Search Jobs Economic Development About Site Location Services Ohio Pennsylvania New Jersey Maryland West Virginia Demographics and Statistics Sites and Buildings Premier Locations Our Allies Resource Room Contact Information Shale Gas Solutions Events Economic Development Site Location Services Demographics and Statistics Demographics and Statistics The FirstEnergy economic development team subscribes to a state of the art demographic profiler This data can be accessed and searched and reports can be generated and downloaded in a number of ways Click here to view the LOIS data powered site and building database Last Modified October 19 2015 FirstEnergy Home About FirstEnergy Newsroom Investors Social Media FirstEnergy Solutions Environment Community Economic Development Careers Privacy Legal Statement Website Terms of Use Our Electric Companies Ohio Edison The Illuminating Company Toledo Edison Met Ed Penelec Penn Power West Penn Power Jersey Central Power Light Mon Power Potomac Edison Do Business with Us Supplier

    Original URL path: https://www.firstenergycorp.com/economicdevelopment/site_location_services/demographics_and_statistics.html (2016-02-13)
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