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  • Twelve Stories: How Democracy Works Now | Glossary
    vote a certain way even though it will hurt them politically that is called taking a hard vote These votes often create material for negative campaign ads and occasionally one party will offer an amendment just to force the other party to take the hard vote It s different from a poison pill in that the substance isn t necessarily objectionable on a policy level but is politically dangerous Next

    Original URL path: http://www.howdemocracyworksnow.com/glossary/hard-vote (2016-04-27)
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  • Twelve Stories: How Democracy Works Now | Glossary
    one third of the Senate is up for reelection at any given point For Senators and their staff being in or out of cycle can mean major changes in day to day life If you are out of cycle and reelection is several years away it s easier to take an unpopular stand on a tough issue like immigration When you are in cycle with an election looming or even

    Original URL path: http://www.howdemocracyworksnow.com/glossary/in-cycle (2016-04-27)
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  • Twelve Stories: How Democracy Works Now | Glossary
    it a â œkey vote â to let members of Congress know that if they vote the wrong way they risk losing that groupâ s support At the end of the year when groups like the Chamber of Commerce or the AFL CIO issue report cards for members of Congress they base it largely on their key vote records It can be a risky move though to draw a line

    Original URL path: http://www.howdemocracyworksnow.com/glossary/key-vote (2016-04-27)
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  • Twelve Stories: How Democracy Works Now | Glossary
    first you have to speak the language LAUGH TEST When staffers and advocates are negotiating a policy they often use the phrase â œthat doesnâ t pass the laugh testâ if a proposal is especially unfeasible Theyâ re saying itâ s laughable but they are also marking a bottom line a threshold for negotiations Next Term LEADERSHIP LAUGH TEST BULLY PULPIT CONFERENCE COMMITTEE CLOTURE CLOAKROOM GERMANE HOTLINE HIDEAWAY HARD VOTE

    Original URL path: http://www.howdemocracyworksnow.com/glossary/laugh-test (2016-04-27)
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  • Twelve Stories: How Democracy Works Now | Glossary
    œleadershipâ usually refers to each party s hierarchy within each Chamber of Congress rather than someoneâ s ability to lead Leadership includes the Majority and Minority Leaders and Whips but there are also the campaign committees the steering committees the policy councils the two parties have slightly different hierarchies but each position exerts influence over the direction that party takes in the Senate or House Next Term MARKUP LEADERSHIP BULLY

    Original URL path: http://www.howdemocracyworksnow.com/glossary/leadership (2016-04-27)
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  • Twelve Stories: How Democracy Works Now | Glossary
    out of Committee a markup is the first major hurdle a bill faces on its way to becoming a law Markups are time consuming and have strict attendance requirements so Committee Chairs only schedule them for bills they are willing to invest in bills which have a good chance of passing Once a Committee reports out a bill the Majority Leader decides whether or not to bring it up for

    Original URL path: http://www.howdemocracyworksnow.com/glossary/markup (2016-04-27)
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  • Twelve Stories: How Democracy Works Now | Glossary
    Bill debate shown in Story 2 Mountains Clouds It was brilliant because it was almost impossible to oppose it banned importing goods made by slave labor in China At the same time it would have opened such a can of worms in terms of trade agreements that no Senator wanted to touch it The only option was to convince Senator Byrd to withdraw the amendment without making anyone take a

    Original URL path: http://www.howdemocracyworksnow.com/glossary/poison-pill (2016-04-27)
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  • Twelve Stories: How Democracy Works Now | Glossary
    a pending request Senators have such sweeping rights to Floor debate that unless 60 of them vote together to invoke cloture a single Senator can hold up almost anything by refusing to grant Unanimous Consent There are hundreds of Senate rules and procedures which are commonly waived by Unanimous Consent a classic example is the rule that every bill must be read aloud three times If a bill is a

    Original URL path: http://www.howdemocracyworksnow.com/glossary/unanimous-consent (2016-04-27)
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