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  • Extortionate Credit Transactions - Extortionate Credit Transactions Law Resources - LawInfo
    these elements of the loan Repayment of the credit would be unenforceable in civil law The extension of credit was in excess of an annual rate of 45 percent The extension of credit exceeded 100 At the time the extension of credit was made the borrower believed the creditor used or had a reputation for using extortionate means to collect debt or non repayment or had punished the borrower using extortionate means such as violence Financing Extortionate Credit Transactions Federal law also makes it illegal to finance extortionate credit transactions by providing money gifts or property to those who make loans at exorbitant unconscionable interest rates To prove this charge the financier must have had reasonable grounds to believe that the money or property advanced would be used to make extortionate credit transactions Financiers can be individuals or businesses Convicting Collectors To convict those who collect attempt to collect or conspire to collect loans or punish borrowers for nonpayment the government must show they Participated knowingly and Made or carried out an express or implicit threat If the prosecution does not have direct evidence that the borrower believed the collector used extortionate collection methods the court has the discretion to allow evidence showing the defendant has a reputation for doing so Fines and Sentences Imposed Those who are found guilty of an extortionate credit transaction could be sentenced to a maximum of 20 years in federal prison and fined in an amount determined by the court Those who financed the transaction may also be sentenced to a 20 year maximum term and can be fined in an amount not exceeding twice the value of the money or property advanced Share this information Search LawInfo s Extortionate Credit Transactions Resources Still have questions Contact experienced Extortionate Credit Transactions Attorneys on LawInfo

    Original URL path: http://www.lawinfo.com/extortionate-credit-transactions.html (2016-02-15)
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  • False Entries in Records of Interstate Carriers - False Entries in Records of Interstate Carriers Law Resources - LawInfo
    Your Area Legal Issue e g Personal Injury Location Area Code OR City State Advanced Search Options Popular Searches Antitrust Medicare Fraud Obstruction of Justice False Entries in Records of Interstate Carriers Videos Violent Felony Advertisements Find An Attorney By Practice Area By Location By Name Resources Hot Legal Issues Legal Forms Legal Library Law Videos Consumer Blog Forums For Attorneys Legal Marketing LawInfo About Us Jobs Partners Contact Us

    Original URL path: http://www.lawinfo.com/false-entries-in-records-of-interstate-carriers.html (2016-02-15)
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  • Falsely Claiming Citizenship - Falsely Claiming Citizenship Law Resources - LawInfo
    state benefits To register to vote or to vote in state federal or local elections and referendums To obtain employment In presenting fraudulent documents of citizenship or naturalization A naturalized citizen who denies the naturalization to avoid a duty or liability imposed by law is also making a false statement regarding citizenship and is in violation of the law Voting Provision Exception The law prohibiting non citizens to register to vote or to vote does not apply to aliens whose parents are citizens who lived in the United States before turning 16 years old and reasonably believed they were United States citizens when they stated that they were citizens Punishment for Falsely Claiming Citizenship Persons guilty of any of the law s provisions may be imprisoned for as long as five years fined in an amount determined by the court or both Share this information Search LawInfo s Falsely Claiming Citizenship Resources Still have questions Contact experienced Falsely Claiming Citizenship Attorneys on LawInfo com or learn more about Criminal Law Federal Find an Attorney in Your Area Legal Issue e g Personal Injury Location Area Code OR City State Advanced Search Options Popular Searches Antitrust Medicare Fraud Obstruction of Justice

    Original URL path: http://www.lawinfo.com/falsely-claiming-citizenship.html (2016-02-15)
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  • Federal Bribery - Federal Bribery Law Resources - LawInfo
    an official act Have an intent to influence an official act Bribery offenses are not always carried through to conclusion because they are either reported to authorities or an individual involved in the offense is working in an undercover capacity However failing to complete the bribe does not lessen the defendant s culpability Bribery Punishments Punishment for a bribery conviction is up to 15 years in federal prison fined three times the monetary equivalent of the thing of value or both The sentencing criteria is a complex system of points that are calculated based on the severity of the crime This determines the length of the sentence imposed Judges have wide discretion in determining the length of a sentence and the amount of a fine if the judge chooses to impose a fine What is and what can be a bribe is a gray area of bribery law For example certain gifts and campaign contributions are not bribes unless they are linked to undue influence That means offering something of value to persuade a person to betray his or her public or legal responsibility A receiver of a bribe who also initiates the bribe is said to be peddling influence For example a 2011 high profile influence peddling case snared eight people including New York State Senator Carl Kruger 62 years old at the time He pleaded guilty to federal corruption charges related to collecting a stream of at least 1 million in bribes in return for a variety of political favors He was sentenced to seven years in federal prison The U S Supreme Court ruled that a violation of the bribery law does not occur by simply providing a gift to a public official Prosecutors must show that there was a connection between the gift and a specific

    Original URL path: http://www.lawinfo.com/federal-bribery.html (2016-02-15)
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  • Federal Extortion - Federal Extortion Law Resources - LawInfo
    possessing concealing or disposing of proceeds gained from extortion Blackmail Difference Between Blackmail and Extortion Extortion and blackmail both involve a threat and a payoff But extortion is a threat to force a person to give up something and blackmail is a threat to disclose something private or shameful about the targeted victim Elements of Extortion To prove extortion federal prosecutors must show beyond a reasonable doubt that all these elements existed The defendant intentionally used actual or threatened force violence or fear However forced the victim surrendered money or property The threat was a true threat in that a reasonable person would take the threat seriously Extortion Defenses A true threat cannot be protected free speech under the Constitution However other defenses are available depending upon the facts of the case Defenses are The defendant did not commit the crime Guilt does not depend on what the defendant intended but rather what the victim reasonably believed the statement was a threat The defendant made the threat out of duress or coercion or that such a danger existed The information on this page is meant to provide a general overview of the law The laws in your state and or city may deviate significantly from those described here If you have specific questions related to your situation you should speak with a local attorney or find qualified local Federal Extortion Attorneys on LawInfo Or click to find Federal Extortion Attorneys in a specific location Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah

    Original URL path: http://www.lawinfo.com/federal-extortion.html (2016-02-15)
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  • Federal Kidnapping - Federal Kidnapping Law Resources - LawInfo
    reward or otherwise any person The victim dead or alive is willfully transported in interstate or foreign commerce The offender travels in interstate or foreign commerce or uses the mail or any means to further the crime Other Federal Kidnapping Statutes Federal kidnapping statutes specifically prohibit kidnapping In U S territories On the high seas In the air Of foreign government officials Of internally protected persons Kidnapping Punishments Federal kidnapping punishments vary depending on the circumstances and severity of the crime and if the victim survives or is killed as a result of the kidnapping Federal law states that the punishment is imprisonment for any term of years or for life Should the victim s death results the punishment is death or life in prison Kidnapping Defenses To defeat the government s case a kidnapping defendant has various defenses to employ The government failed to prove all of the elements The alleged victim gave consent to be moved The defendant made a reasonable mistake about the victim giving consent Double jeopardy applies if the prosecution used the kidnap charge as an aggravating factor for another crime Insanity is a defense if the kidnapper did not know right from wrong at the time of the crime Kidnapping by Parents Federal law includes a parent abducting a minor child if the child is taken across state or national boundaries which carries a maximum of three years in prison This crime falls under a separate section of U S criminal law other than kidnapping crimes The information on this page is meant to provide a general overview of the law The laws in your state and or city may deviate significantly from those described here If you have specific questions related to your situation you should speak with a local attorney or find

    Original URL path: http://www.lawinfo.com/federal-kidnapping.html (2016-02-15)
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  • Federal Perjury - Federal Perjury Law Resources - LawInfo
    prosecutors must prove all of these elements of perjury A false statement was made under an oath to tell the truth in a legal proceeding The false statement must have been material or relevant to the proceeding The person making the false statement must have had a specific intent to deceive Perjury Defenses In defending a perjury charge the burden of proof is on the defense Although the prosecution must prove its case beyond a reasonable doubt the defense needs to establish reasonable doubt Retraction is a defense if the person making the false statement admits it is false during the proceeding in which the false statement was made and before it becomes evident that the statement is false and as long as the false statement is not material At the time the false statement is made the person making the false statement believed it to be true The perjury trap is a defense argues the defendant did in fact make the false statement but offers an excuse or justification for doing so to nullify the charge This is a common defense in grand jury proceedings Perjury Penalties A conviction for perjury carries a maximum prison term of five years and a fine imposed by the court The information on this page is meant to provide a general overview of the law The laws in your state and or city may deviate significantly from those described here If you have specific questions related to your situation you should speak with a local attorney or find qualified local Federal Perjury Attorneys on LawInfo Or click to find Federal Perjury Attorneys in a specific location Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi

    Original URL path: http://www.lawinfo.com/federal-perjury.html (2016-02-15)
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  • Federal Tax Fraud - Federal Tax Fraud Law Resources - LawInfo
    Taxes Avoiding a tax is not the same as evading taxes Taxpayers can avoid paying taxes by taking certain advantages allowed by in the Internal Revenue Code such as deducting the interest they pay on their home loans Avoiding taxes is lawful Penalties When the Internal Revenue Service earns a conviction the agency has a wide latitude in determining what the criminal and civil penalties will be Penalties also depend on the type of fraud involved For example attempting to evade taxes carries a maximum prison term of five years and a fine reaching six figures for individuals and 500 000 for corporations Those convicted can also be required to pay for the cost of their prosecution and forfeit any illegally obtained assets Civil penalties do not include incarceration but do have fines as well as interest on taxes due Interest can accrue over time without any limitation on how long the interest can accrue Taxpayers who under report their income by mistake can still be fined up to 20 percent of the underpayment Defrauded Taxes The federal government is authorized to collect income gift estate and Social Security taxes among others and can bring fraud charges in these and other tax areas Income tax is collected from personal and business earnings Gift tax is collected from high value gifts Estate tax is collected from gifts made to heirs after the giver s death Social Security and other employment taxes are collected from earnings Excise tax is collected for manufacturing selling or consuming a commodity The information on this page is meant to provide a general overview of the law The laws in your state and or city may deviate significantly from those described here If you have specific questions related to your situation you should speak with a local

    Original URL path: http://www.lawinfo.com/federal-tax-fraud.html (2016-02-15)
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