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  • Winter Break 2007 Reading List | O Danny Boy
    on Winter Break 2007 Reading List Ianus Keller says 9 December 2007 at 12 44 pm The Victorian Internet is absolutely great Read it about 8 years ago and loved it Some other tips A nice short read is The Plenitude by Rich Gold The artist researcher who was at Xerox Parc and died just 4 years ago Nice illustrations talking about different hats engineer artist and more http www amazon com Plenitude Creativity Innovation Simplicity Technology dp 0262072890 If you really want to delve into some gestural stuff We had a nice PhD thesis by Caroline Hummels about 7 years ago called Gestural design tools PDF 6 Mb http www2 io tudelft nl id studiolab research pdfPool 2000 00Humthesis pdf I really would recommend Bill Buxton s latest book Sketching User Experiences below link to review on my page partly because I am in it but also because it s just a great positive energizing read http forinspirationonly com news 2007 05 29 sketching user experiences If you enjoyed Scott McCloud s original masterpiece Understanding Comics you may also want to take a look at his latest book Making Comics which is a surprisingly good rebound I didn t care much for Reinventing comics Vulnerable insightful and with plenty of content Also if you have a large table and like comics you may want to take a look at Dream of the Rarebit Fiend I just received mine and it s the huge the size of a coffee table and contains and introduces a series of fascinating comics written by Winsor McCay best known for Little Nemo between 1904 and 1907 http www boingboing net 2007 11 06 dream of the rarebit html That s it for now you may also want to take a look at my work

    Original URL path: http://www.odannyboy.com/2007/12/winter-break-2007-reading-list/?replytocom=247 (2016-04-26)
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  • Winter Break 2007 Reading List | O Danny Boy
    on Winter Break 2007 Reading List Ianus Keller says 9 December 2007 at 12 44 pm The Victorian Internet is absolutely great Read it about 8 years ago and loved it Some other tips A nice short read is The Plenitude by Rich Gold The artist researcher who was at Xerox Parc and died just 4 years ago Nice illustrations talking about different hats engineer artist and more http www amazon com Plenitude Creativity Innovation Simplicity Technology dp 0262072890 If you really want to delve into some gestural stuff We had a nice PhD thesis by Caroline Hummels about 7 years ago called Gestural design tools PDF 6 Mb http www2 io tudelft nl id studiolab research pdfPool 2000 00Humthesis pdf I really would recommend Bill Buxton s latest book Sketching User Experiences below link to review on my page partly because I am in it but also because it s just a great positive energizing read http forinspirationonly com news 2007 05 29 sketching user experiences If you enjoyed Scott McCloud s original masterpiece Understanding Comics you may also want to take a look at his latest book Making Comics which is a surprisingly good rebound I didn t care much for Reinventing comics Vulnerable insightful and with plenty of content Also if you have a large table and like comics you may want to take a look at Dream of the Rarebit Fiend I just received mine and it s the huge the size of a coffee table and contains and introduces a series of fascinating comics written by Winsor McCay best known for Little Nemo between 1904 and 1907 http www boingboing net 2007 11 06 dream of the rarebit html That s it for now you may also want to take a look at my work

    Original URL path: http://www.odannyboy.com/2007/12/winter-break-2007-reading-list/?replytocom=249 (2016-04-26)
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  • Review: The Reflective Practitioner (Part IV) | O Danny Boy
    analysis may help practitioners to become aware of their tacit frames and thereby lead them to experience the dilemmas inherent in professional pluralism Once practitioners notice they actively construct the reality of their practice and become aware of the variety of frames available to them they begin to see the need to reflect in action on their previous tacit frames Schön is basically saying Put down your arms In all professional practices there are different schools of thought which often result in very different personal frames for practice If we instead look at them as frames we can consider and even move between them as necessary For some projects it may make sense to step outside of the frame of interaction designer and instead take on the frame of interface designer and visa versa Some other tidbits from the book I found fascinating Experienced practitioners Schön claims because of their mastery of the media surrounding their practice cannot convey the art of his practice to a novice merely by describing his procedures rules and theories nor can he enable a novice to think like a seasoned practitioner merely by describing or even demonstrating his ways of thinking He goes on to say People who do things well often give what appear to be good descriptions of their procedures which others cannot follow Heh The implications for the conference circuit here is enormous But I have found this is very true It is very hard to convey the nuance of design and designing and being a designer in a presentation Schön also notes the importance of clients in the life of a practitioner Practitioners agree to use their special powers for the good of the client and clients in turn agree to show deference to the professional Without this social contract the role of practitioner breaks down But the practitioner has to deliver on this promise as well of course This is especially true with reflective practitioners because their methods and techniques change in response to the situation and through conversations with the client Although the reflective practitioner should be credentialled and technically competent his claim to authority is substantially based on his ability to manifest his special knowledge in his interactions with clients He does not ask the client to have blind faith in a black box but to remain open to the practitioner s competence as it emerges the client does not agree to accept the practitioner s authority but to suspend disbelief in it He agrees to join the practitioner in inquiring into the situation for which the client seeks help to try to understand what he is experiencing and make that understanding accessible to the practitioner to confront the practitioner when he does not understand or agree to test the practitioner s competence by observing his effectiveness and to make public his questions over what should be counted as effectiveness to pay for services rendered and to appreciate competence demonstrated If it s not clear from this

    Original URL path: http://www.odannyboy.com/2007/10/review-the-reflective-practitioner-part-iv/ (2016-04-26)
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  • Review: The Reflective Practitioner (Part I)
    project I ve ever worked on Being a practitioner means that the traditional methods and techniques of analytical thinking and scientific process simply don t work Problems in the messy world of practitioners are interconnected environments are turbulent and the future is indeterminate What is called for under these conditions Schön argues are professionals who can as Russell Ackoff says design a desirable future and invent ways of bringing it about All isn t roses for practitioners however We re struggling against 400 years of Technical Rationality which is problem solving made rigorous by the application of scientific theory and technique Technical Rationality is ingrained in our workplaces and in our universities and the professions that practice it doctors lawyers engineers are emphasized and revered over those that don t Professions that practice Technical Rationality apply general principles medicine law physics to specific problems to achieve unambiguous results health justice bridges etc However Schön points out Increasingly we have become aware of the importance to professional practice of phenomena complexity uncertainty instability uniqueness and value conflict which do not fit the model of Technical Rationality Instead of simply problem solving practitioners instead need to problem set That is to determine the decision to be made the ends to be achieved the means which may be chosen Schön says In real world practice problems do not present themselves to practitioners as givens They must be constructed from the materials of problematic situations that are puzzling troubling and uncertain In order to convert a problematic situation to a problem a practitioner must do a certain kind of work He must make sense of an uncertain situation that initially makes no sense Problem setting is where we name the things to which we will attend and frame the context to which we will attend to them This cannot be achieved by Technical Rationality because Technical Rationality depends on understanding what the end is Only through naming and framing which do not depend on applying general scientific principles can these complex problems eventually be solved This however doesn t stop practitioners from looking for tried and true methods and techniques that will solve all their problems in a neat way You see this all the time with designers at conferences and on mailing lists searching for the next great method Schön says that for practitioners replying on methods and techniques will leave them solving problems of relatively little importance for both clients and society at large It is only by descending into the swamp where the practitioners must forsake technical rigor that the really important and challenging problems will be found How practitioners should do this is in Part II of this review Originally posted at Wednesday September 26 2007 Comments 3 Trackback 0 Previous Entry How to Lie with Design Research How to enjoy my Design Research conference 2007 at home Recent Entries This RSS Feed Has Changed Five Things I m Thinking About How to Program a Conference Why I ll Never

    Original URL path: http://www.odannyboy.com/blog/new_archives/2007/09/review_the_refl.html (2016-04-26)
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  • Review: The Reflective Practitioner (Part II)
    and criticize his initial understanding of the phenomenon construct a new description of it and test the new description by an on the spot experiment This isn t a rare occurrence Schön asserts Indeed for some practitioners this is the core of their process I certainly know it is for me frequently Chapter 5 The Structure of Reflection in Action is really the heart of this book and I ve underlined about half the chapter in my copy I ll do my best to summarize When confronted by an unusual situation practitioners seek to discover the particular features of his problematic situation and from their gradual discovery designs a intervention The problem is not given There is a problem in finding the problem Practitioners while still having relevant prior experience still treat each case as unique and thus cannot deal with it by applying standard theories and techniques The practitioner has a reflective conversation with the situation The first part of this conversation is to reframe the situation to put yourself into the situation and impose some sort of order onto it By reframing practitioners seek to both understand the situation and to change it When reframing practitioners have no idea what the implications of the new frame will be just that within the frame practitioners can then practice the methods they know to try to solve the problem Once the situation is framed practitioners take reframed problem and conduct experiments on it to discover what consequences and implications can be made to follow from it If these consequences and implications don t suit the practitioner the situation is reframed again and again until it does In design we call this iteration The situation itself talks back through the unintended effects and practitioners have to listen and change the frame appropriately How do practitioners know if they have chosen the right frame Schön lays out the criteria Can I solve the problem I have set Do I like what I get when I solve this problem Have I made the situation coherent Have I made it congruent with my fundamental values and theories Have I kept inquiry moving Thus Schön says practitioners judge a problem setting by the quality and direction of the reflective conversation to which it leads This judgement rests at least in part on his perception of potentials for coherence and congruence which he can realize through his further inquiry How practitioners construct experiments to test problem frames is in Part III of this series Originally posted at Tuesday October 2 2007 Comments 0 Trackback 0 Previous Entry MEdia It was a strange week for me Even though I was heads down working on a project for most of it I somehow ended up in BusinessWeek Twice And no not because I m married to a BW reporter And I had a podcast by Read Write Talk released too Fun Recent Entries This RSS Feed Has Changed Five Things I m Thinking About How to Program a

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  • Review: The Reflective Practitioner (Part III)
    and shapes the situation so that X becomes true Schön calls the experiments a game with the situation Practitioners try to make situation conform to the hypotheses but have to remain open to the possibility that they won t Schön notes The practice situation is neither clay to be molded at will nor and independent self sufficient object of study from which the inquirer keeps his distance The inquirer s relation to the situation is transactional He shapes the situation but in conversation with it so that his own models and appreciations are also shaped by the situation The phenomena that he seeks to understand are partially of his own making he is in the situation that he seeks to understand If a move doesn t work practitioners should surface the theory implicit in the move critize it restructure it and test the new theory by inventing a move consistent with it When practitioners find the changes to the situation created by their moves to be satisfactory that is when they should stop experimenting and or move on to the next part of the situation By creating these in the stuation experiments Schön notes rightly that practice is a kind of research In the final installment Part IV I will review Schön s implications for practice in the world and see how it relates specifically to design now Originally posted at Saturday October 6 2007 Comments 0 Trackback 0 Previous Entry Review The Reflective Practitioner Part II Part II of my review of The Reflective Practitioner Recent Entries This RSS Feed Has Changed Five Things I m Thinking About How to Program a Conference Why I ll Never Write Fiction Again 50 Before 50 Thoughts on my 40 Before 40 List Designing Devices Albums of the Year 2009 Top 25

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  • Review: The Reflective Practitioner (Part III) | O Danny Boy
    to embodiment in a move A practitioner makes a move and sees how the situation responds to that move each move acting as a sort of exploratory probe of the situation Here is Schön on how the experiments work The practitioner s hypothesis testing consists of moves that change the phenomena to make the hypothesis fit The practitioner makes his hypothesis come true He acts as though his hypothesis were in the imperative mood He says in effect Let it be the case that X and shapes the situation so that X becomes true Schön calls the experiments a game with the situation Practitioners try to make situation conform to the hypotheses but have to remain open to the possibility that they won t Schön notes The practice situation is neither clay to be molded at will nor and independent self sufficient object of study from which the inquirer keeps his distance The inquirer s relation to the situation is transactional He shapes the situation but in conversation with it so that his own models and appreciations are also shaped by the situation The phenomena that he seeks to understand are partially of his own making he is in the situation that he seeks to understand If a move doesn t work practitioners should surface the theory implicit in the move critize it restructure it and test the new theory by inventing a move consistent with it When practitioners find the changes to the situation created by their moves to be satisfactory that is when they should stop experimenting and or move on to the next part of the situation By creating these in the stuation experiments Schön notes rightly that practice is a kind of research In the final installment Part IV I will review Schön s implications for

    Original URL path: http://www.odannyboy.com/2007/10/review-the-reflective-practitioner-part-iii/ (2016-04-26)
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  • Review: The Reflective Practitioner (Part I) | O Danny Boy
    themselves to practitioners as givens They must be constructed from the materials of problematic situations that are puzzling troubling and uncertain In order to convert a problematic situation to a problem a practitioner must do a certain kind of work He must make sense of an uncertain situation that initially makes no sense Problem setting is where we name the things to which we will attend and frame the context to which we will attend to them This cannot be achieved by Technical Rationality because Technical Rationality depends on understanding what the end is Only through naming and framing which do not depend on applying general scientific principles can these complex problems eventually be solved This however doesn t stop practitioners from looking for tried and true methods and techniques that will solve all their problems in a neat way You see this all the time with designers at conferences and on mailing lists searching for the next great method Schön says that for practitioners replying on methods and techniques will leave them solving problems of relatively little importance for both clients and society at large It is only by descending into the swamp where the practitioners must forsake technical rigor that the really important and challenging problems will be found How practitioners should do this is in Part II of this review 26 September 2007 Dan Post navigation How to Lie with Design Research MEdia 3 thoughts on Review The Reflective Practitioner Part I Joel Eden says 26 September 2007 at 5 24 pm In the first PhD course I took Drexel iSchool one of the books we read was Educating the Reflective Practitioner the sequel to the book you re discussing This book along with Herbert Simon Christopher Alexander Fred Brooks Ed Tenner and about five others in a ten week course really set me on the right path Four years later that was still the best class I ve ever taken Here s a snippet from a workshop paper I wrote for the Designing Interactive Systems conference last year it has one of my favorite quotes from Schon Evaluation as Design she takes Northover s comments as a criticism of her drawing yet it is clear that she sees drawing not as thought experimenting but as a way of presenting ideas Northover seems to be saying You are not really designing at all You are simply having ideas and putting them down on paper The moves you make have consequences that are testable but you must draw to scale and in section in order to test them The whole process of designing is lost to you because you will not do these things from Donald Schon s Educating the Reflective Practitioner Christopher Alexander argues that it is easier to recognize misfit between a designed artifact and its context of use than it is to recognize fit Alexander 1979 Henry Petroski Petroski 1992 shares this same view when he proposes that irritation not necessity is the mother of

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