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  • Cornish language, alphabet and pronunciation
    on Medieval cornish manuscripts and used a computer to analyse the pronunciation His spelling system was so different to those used for other versions of the language that it meet with fierce opposition among supporters of Cornish and academics In the early 1980s a version of Cornish based on Late Modern Cornish and known as Modern Cornish Curnoack Nowedga was reconstructed by a group of Cornish enthusiasts led by Richard Gendall In 1986 they set up the Cornish Language Council Cussel an Tavas Kernuack to promote Modern Cornish and to encourage the study of Cornish from all periods In 1995 the Celtic scholar Nicholas Williams devised a new version of Unified Cornish known as Unified Cornish Revised or UCR Kernowek Unys Amendys which addressed some of the shortcomings of Unified Cornish UCR modifies the standard spelling in order to indicate the reconstructed phonology in light of current scholarship while keeping to the traditional orthographic practices of the medieval scribes It also makes full use of the Late Cornish prose materials unavailable to Nance taking advantage of the same fluent natural style that made Gendall s Modern Cornish appeal to many Williams published a English Cornish Dictionary in this orthography in 2000 The most popular versions of Cornish are currently Common Cornish and UCR though other versions also have supporters The differences between the various versions of Cornish are not huge and do not prevent speakers from communicating with one another Current status Some families are now bringing up their children with Cornish as their first language Cornish names are popular for children pets houses and boats People are writing and performing songs and poetry in Cornish and the language is taught in some schools and at the University of Exeter There are a number of magazines solely in Cornish An Gannas An Gowser and An Garrick BBC Radio Cornwall have regular news broadcasts in Cornish and sometimes have other programmes and features for learners and enthusiasts Local newspapers such as the Western Morning News often have articles in Cornish and such newspapers as The Packet The West Briton and The Cornishman also support the language The first ever feature film entirely in Cornish Hwerow Hweg Bitter Sweet was released in 2002 and a number of other films in Cornish have been made since then After much discussion a Standard Written Form SWF of Cornish was agreed on in 2008 The SWF is intended for official use and for formal education In other contexts people are free to choose the form of written Cornish they prefer In 2010 a bilingual Cornish English creche or Skol dy Sadorn Kernewek Cornish Saturday School was set up The group is held on Saturdays at the Cornwall College in Cambourne and children between 2 and 5 years old are attending The children are immersed in Cornish in one room and their parents learn Cornish in another The Cornish lessons for the parents focus particularly on language they can use with their children Relationship to other
    http://www.omniglot.com/writing/cornish.htm (2012-12-15)


  • Creek language, alphabet and pronunciation
    index Languages by writing system Language index Alternative scripts Alternative scripts Phonetic alphabets Other notation systems Language based communication systems Magical alphabets Fictional alphabets Con scripts For natural languages For conlangs Phonetic scripts Adaptated scripts Creek Mvskoke Creek is a Muskogean language with about 4 700 speakers in the US states of Oklahoma and Florida It is spoken by the Muscogee Creek Nation the Seminole Nation of Oklahoma and the Seminole Tribe of Florida The language is also known as Muskogee Muscogee or Seminole Creek first appeared in writing in 1736 Laws were being written in Creek from 1849 and a standard alphabet the National Alphabet was adopted in 1853 By the 1870s newpaper articles in Creek were being published Creek alphabet and pronunciation Notes Between two vowels or m n l w or y the consonants p t k c and s become voiced c d k p b s z and t d Tones and nasalization are not marked in this orthography but are in dictionaries and linguistic publications Links Information about the Creek language http web wm edu linguistics creek svr www http en wikipedia org wiki Creek language http www flamuseum com language html http www
    http://www.omniglot.com/writing/creek.htm (2012-12-15)

  • Crimean Tatar language, alphabet and pronunciation
    about 300 000 speakers of this language in Crimea Central Asia mainly in Uzbekistan and also in Turkey Romania and Bulgaria Crimean Tatar Q r mtatar tili Q r mtatarca is also known as Crimean Q r m tili Q r mca or Crimean Turkish Q r m Türkçesi Crimean Tatar has been written with the Perso Arabic script the Latin alphabet between 1928 and 1938 the Cyrillic alphabet from 1938 to the 1990s and the Latin alphabet since then though the Cyrillic alphabet is still used by some people Crimean Tatar alphabets Arabic alphabet for Crimean Tatar Latin alphabet for Crimean Tatar Q r mtatar elifbas Cyrillic alphabet for Crimean Tatar Notes There is vowel harmony in Crimean Tatar front vowels are e i ö and ü and back vowels are a o and u iy i in Arabic and Persian loan words â a in Arabic and Russian loan words and are only used in Russian loan words Sample text in Crimean Tatar Latin alphabet B t n insanlar r say ve uquqlar itibar ile musaviy do alar Aq l ve vicdan a saipler ve bir birlerine qar a a qarda l q fikirnen areket etmelidirler Cyrillic alphabet Tower of Babel in Crimean Tatar Translation All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights Links Information about the Crimean Tatar language http en wikipedia org wiki Crimean Tatar language http ru wikipedia org wiki http salpagarov narod ru alfabet page 1 htm http www qurultay org eng yazi eng asp yazi no 217 http www vatankirim net tatarca asp Crimean Tatar internet library http medeniye org en node
    http://www.omniglot.com/writing/crimeantatar.php (2012-12-15)

  • Cronam alphabet
    logographic script symbols from which were borrowed to make an alphabet in a manner resembling the origin of our own alphabet These symbols developed over time eventually resulting in the script used by the Cronam empire In around 250 this was borrowed by the inhabitants of the Island of Lantyr who adapted it to write Lantyrian They developed a pen written form which over the years grew more and more ornate until by the Middle Ages it had taken the form shown here Notable features Consonants have two forms a capital and lower case form The first letter of every word is written in the capital form and the rest in the lower case form All lower case letters except t and r are written as part of a continuous line which links each letter in a word t and r were borrowed into the script at a late stage and are therefore written differently They can be traced however back to the same origin and are descended from the same symbols as d and a Vowels have three forms As well as the capital and lower case forms they are also written as small symbols placed over the preceding consonant This is the usual way of writing them There are three cases when a different form is used When the vowel begins the word in which case the capital form is used When the vowel is the second letter in a word in which case the lower case form is used as the small symbols cannot be placed over capital forms When the vowel follows a vowel in which case the lower case form is used as only one small symbol may be placed over a letter Cronam consonants Cronam vowels Cronam punctuation Sample text in Cronam Transliteration eren
    http://www.omniglot.com/writing/cronam.htm (2012-12-15)

  • Curvetic alphabet
    A Z index Direction index Languages by writing system Language index Alternative scripts Alternative scripts Phonetic alphabets Other notation systems Language based communication systems Magical alphabets Fictional alphabets Con scripts For natural languages For conlangs Phonetic scripts Adaptated scripts Curvetic Curvetic is an alternative alphabet for English invented by Simon Ager the author of Omniglot in June 2007 It is based on simple curved shapes hence the name and was influenced so some extent by the Thai alphabet and also by Canadian Aboriginal Syllabic scripts such as Cree and Ojibwe Notable Features Type of writing system alphabet Direction of writing left to right in horizontal lines Could also be written in vertical columns running from left to right Used to write English could be adapted to write other languages Unvoiced consonants are flipped versions of the voiced consonants The vowels A I and U can be written above the consonant that precedes them or above the consonant that follows them if they come at the beginning of a word The letters ch dh sh th and zh are optional they can be used to save space Curvetic alphabet Sample text Transliteration All human beings are born free and equal in
    http://www.omniglot.com/writing/curvetic.php (2012-12-15)

  • Cwaethra alphabet
    Puzzles Gallery Links Sitemap Search this site Omniglot Blog Stwff a lol Omniglot Forum Omniglot Fan Club YouTube Channel Writing systems What is writing Writing Speech Types of writing systems Abjads Alphabets Syllabic alphabets Syllabaries Semanto phonetic scripts Undeciphered scripts A Z index Direction index Languages by writing system Language index Alternative scripts Alternative scripts Phonetic alphabets Other notation systems Language based communication systems Magical alphabets Fictional alphabets Con scripts For natural languages For conlangs Phonetic scripts Adaptated scripts Cwaethra Cwaethra is a simple alternative script for English invented by Heather Bryan and based on a random doodle It s written in horizontal lines from left to right and top to bottom and the letters all connect with a central line Punctuation is optional and can be placed almost anywhere in the script Cwaethra alphabet Sample text Translation All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights If you have any questions about Cwaethra you can contact Heather at animeniac121 hotmail com Also by Heather Bryan Taiogeuna Other constructed writing
    http://www.omniglot.com/writing/cwaethra.php (2012-12-15)

  • Cwirhald alphabet
    Fictional alphabets Con scripts For natural languages For conlangs Phonetic scripts Adaptated scripts Cwirhald Cwirhald is yet another alphabet created by the people in Dardaniell the fictional world invented by Pieter Rottiers Cwirhald is a Dardain word meaning Hand of the king since it is the writing system introduced by King Dhincarian himself though it is believed the actual inventor of the script was his royal advisor Waeleryn The biggest difference between Cwirhald and most of the ancient scripts is that it is an alphabet in the true meaning of the word with separate vowel signs instead of diacritics Cwirhald alphabet Hard consonants plosives and fricatives Like Sadhain Cwirhald uses only four basic forms to cover this section of the alphabet Soft consonants sonorants Sonorants are those consonants that are voiced and can never be made voiceless and that can be produced continuously at the same pitch In Cwirhald these are separated in four subgroups nasals m n and liquids l and r semi vowels j and w and the h Vowels Punctuation Sample text Transliteration run derion saran hwi shaiar in hornilen hwi ddarcharar nasil simoriat Tharen hanwil hwi chinsen danwil noriat hwi hare in sinhir bhfariddinain dthar araliniar
    http://www.omniglot.com/writing/cwirhald.php (2012-12-15)

  • Czech language, alphabet and pronunciation
    was published at Plze Pilsen in 1468 After many years of Austrian rule during which German was the main language of literature and government there was a revival of Czech literature at the end of the 18th century The most prominent writer during the early period of Czech literature was Jan Hus 1369 1415 a religious reformer who also reformed Czech spelling esk hl skov n He created the system of having one grapheme letter for every phoneme sound in the language by adding accents rka to some of the letters As a result written Czech looks very different to written Polish For example in Czech the sound ch as in church is written but the same sound is written cz in Polish Czech alphabet esk abeceda pronunciation A recording of the Czech alphabet by Zbyn k Bambu ek Notes dlouhé á is also know as á s árkou The same is the case for the other long vowels é í ó ú and ý je after p b and v e after d t and n which become palatalized After m m e but it is pronounced mje in some regions When they come after d t and n i and í cause palatalization ú in normally used at the beginning of root words and in onomatopoic words while is used elsewhere except in interrogatives and loan words Word final voiced consonants are pronounced unvoiced even in loan words e g chléb xle p jazz es rub rup Voiceless consonant groups are voiced before voiced consonants except n m n r and l and vice versa within a word e g zpít get drunk spi t sbít hammer together zbi t v becomes devoiced as f before a voiceless consonant eg p edev rem pr d ft i rem day before yesterday but does not cause preceding voiceless consonants to become voiced eg kvalita kvalita quality l r n m all can be syllabic The following words all contain two syllables jedl kapr sedm Primary stress falls on the first syllable and there is secondary stress falls on long vowels When one two or three syllable words are preceded by a preposition stress falls on the preposition e g na st e e nastr on the roof while stress falls on the first syllable in a word containing four or more syllables preceded by a preposition e g na n stupi ti na na stup t at the train stop In some Eastern dialects stress falls on the 2nd or 3rd syllable Recordings in the text by Jan Jur k Sample text in Czech V ichni lidé se rodí svobodní a sob rovní co do d stojnosti a práv Jsou nadáni rozumem a sv domím a mají spolu jednat v duchu bratrství A recording of this text by Vaclav Dekanovsky Translation All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit
    http://www.omniglot.com/writing/czech.htm (2012-12-15)