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  • Parco delle Orobie Valtellinesi - ambiente
    where soil can gather we find the alpine meadows covered in grass Between 2 500 and 2 700 metres around 7 000 8 000 feet in the Alps there are grasslands characterised by Carex curvula grass with thin leaves that curve in summer due to a parasite fungus There are not however many meadows of this kind in the Orobie mountains in Valtellina because the slopes are too rocky and the sunny slopes are characterised instead by tufts of Festuca scabriculmis grass The alpine anemone Pulsatilla alpina and Koch s gentian Genziana kockiano add yellow and purple to this environment and we also find two rare species Allium victorialis and anemone narcissiflora In the pastures tussocks of Nardus strica are often interspersed with flowers such as alpine clover Trifolium alpinum as well as Arnica montana and the spotted Gentiana punctata The meadowlands come to life in summer Flowers and animals suddenly appear as soon as the snow melts Marmots come of out the dens where they hibernated the chamois Ripicapra rupicapra returns from the woodlands where it found food in winter and the northern wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe a small migratory bird returns from its winter stay in Africa The black redstart Phoenicurus ochruros and the water pipit Anthus spinoletta come back to feed on insects which are abundant in summertime If you are lucky you might see an ermine Mustela erminea chasing its favourite prey the snow vole Chionomys nivalis But it is more difficult to spot the mountain hare Lepus timidus which hides during the day to escape the attention of the golden eagle which often flies low over the meadows And it is more and more difficult to spot the rock partridge Alectoris graeca on the sunny slopes Cold blooded animals find life even harder at high altitudes The black salamander Salamandra atra and the viviparous lizard Zootoca vivipara instead of laying eggs keep them inside their bodies so that they can hatch in the warm In this way when their offspring are born they are already able to move and find food Shrub lands As we descend the slopes before we come to the conifer woodlands we come across an area of shrubs varying according to soil and exposure The rhododendron or alpine rose Rhododendron ferrugineum is found on the damp shady slopes while the juniper Junipers sp grows on the dry sunny slopes The green alder tree Alnus viridis is also found here as well as an endemic species the Sanguisorba dodecandra The alders stretch down towards the woodlands while the mugo pine Pinus mugo is less common The bird that is the symbol of transition from alpine meadow to woodland is undoubtedly the black grouse Tetrao tetrix The male is blue black with white feathers under his tail and red markings above his eyes while the female s plumage offers her camouflage while she sits on her eggs The adder Vipera berus is another inhabitant of this environment but it tends to keep out of

    Original URL path: http://www.parcorobievalt.com/ambiente/ecosistemi_eng.php (2016-02-13)
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  • Parco delle Orobie Valtellinesi - flora
    fir is the commonest tree in the park but it is replaced by the silver fir and the beech in the western part and by the larch and the Swiss stone pine in the highest reaches Rhododendrons alders and junipers mark the passage from forest to Alpine meadow a meadow which is a blaze of colour in summer with its many flowers The rocky environments where there are extreme conditions

    Original URL path: http://www.parcorobievalt.com/ambiente/flora_eng.php (2016-02-13)
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  • Parco delle Orobie Valtellinesi - ambiente
    has recently been re introduced Also the rare capercaillie which has become the symbol of the park still finds here places where it can breed The black woodpecker is a prized inhabitant of the conifer woods as are the pygmy owl Tengmalm s owl and the marten all of these can survive only in well conserved environments The golden eagle nests on rock faces while the marmot one of its

    Original URL path: http://www.parcorobievalt.com/ambiente/fauna_eng.php (2016-02-13)
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  • Parco delle Orobie Valtellinesi - ambiente
    built on site near streams so as to exploit water power for the bellows that fed the fire Fuel of course was necessary and forests were cut down to provide it After centuries of exploitation it was no longer profitable to continue especially since tree cutting provoked such damage to the hydro geological system that it was decided to abandon mining But traces of the past still remain today along with what remains of these old foundries Place names also recall this iron mining past the village of Fusine takes its name from fucine or foundries for which it was once famous The conviction that it is important to remember the way of life of our ancestors and their old crafts has encouraged local authorities to give importance to structures of the past such as the forge in Castello dell Acqua If you visit it and see the people who work there today you can understand how man learned to use the forces of nature the power of water and fire with intelligence and skill The waters of the Malgina stream are exploited by diverting them into canals in order to make the forge work La Linea Cadorna With the outbreak of the First World War in 1914 it became necessary to prepare a line of defence along the Alps General Cadorna prepared a strong defensive line from Verbania on Lake Maggiore to Pizzo del Diavolo the Devil s Peak on the Valtellina Orobie Alps with paths and mule tracks for transporting materials and allowing soldiers to pass Trenches and tunnels were built along the fortified areas on the crest of the Orobie mountains Today Lombardy Region wishes to re instate this line which fortunately was never actually used for defence making a list of all the existing structures and calling it The Cadorna line not for war but for tourism It is still possible to visit what remains of the trenches in the following places Bocchetta di Stavello e Pizzo Rotondo Bocchetta di Trona Bocchetta di Salmurano Passo del Verrobbio Bomino Bitto cheese The Orobie Alps are well known for the production of a famous cheese called Bitto made from the milk of Alpine cows which are still taken up to mountain pastures in the summer season To their milk 10 of goats milk can be added This is heated and curds are added in large copper pans The cheesemakers skills are of great importance in the whole procedure Cheesemaking was traditionally carried out in the Bitto valley in temporary huts called calecc in local dialect four stone walls covered by a moveable canvas roof These structures were used abandoned and then re built as the cowherds followed the herd up the mountain pastures Bitto is a cheese that can be eaten and enjoyed after 3 to 8 months but if it is left to mature it is ideal after 1 to 3 years and can be appreciated to the full even after 8 to 10 years It is

    Original URL path: http://www.parcorobievalt.com/ambiente/storia_eng.php (2016-02-13)
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  • Parco delle Orobie Valtellinesi - visitare
    Alps It comprises 25 local administrative areas territories of towns and villages covers 46 280 hectares and comprises an altitude between 360 and 3 050 metres The Natural Park comprises 10 different areas covering some 6 000 hectares established according to legislation on protected areas There are 46 small medium sized areas of botanical interest specially selected because of their significance for damp rocky snowy pre glacial or wooded environments

    Original URL path: http://www.parcorobievalt.com/visitare/geografia_eng.php (2016-02-13)
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  • Parco delle Orobie Valtellinesi - visitare
    Colico S S 38 dello Stelvio Colico Sondrio S S 38 dello Stelvio Passo dello Stelvio Bormio Tirano S S 340 Regina Como Menaggio Colico S S 39 di Aprica Edolo Aprica Pass Coming from Altitude Spluga Switzerland 2115 m Maloja Switzerland 1815 m S Marco Bergamo 1992 m Aprica Brescia 1176 m Mortirolo Brescia 1852 m Bernina Switzerland 2323 m Gavia Brescia 2621 m Stelvio Bolzano 2758 m From Lecco take the Lecco Colico dual carriageway till Trivio di Fuentes and then continue in the direction of the Valtellina Sondrio The Valtellina can be reached from Como following the road along the lake Statale Regina till Dubino and continuing towards Morbegno The Spluga and Maloja passes bring you from Switzerland to Chiavenna from where you can follow the road towards the Valtellina From Switzerland the Valtellina can also be reached from Engadina going over the Bernina pass and crossing the border at Piattamala into Tirano From the province of Bergamo you can reach Morbegno by going over the S Marco pass and from the province of Brescia follow the Valcamonica to Aprica If you come via the Tonale Pass you can also go over the Gavia Pass which will

    Original URL path: http://www.parcorobievalt.com/visitare/raggiungere_eng.php (2016-02-13)
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  • Parco delle Orobie Valtellinesi - visitare
    23010 Albosaggia tel 39 0342 211236 fax 39 0342 210226 The Park Geographical context How to reach the park Visiting the park local authority territories Comuni the valleys The Great Route of the Orobie Mountains The headquarters Local services Tourist

    Original URL path: http://www.parcorobievalt.com/visitare/visita_eng.php (2016-02-13)
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  • Parco delle Orobie Valtellinesi - visitare
    Park Geographical context How to reach the park Visiting the park The headquarters Local services Tourist information The headquarters The headquarters of the Valtellina Orobie Mountains Park is in Albosaggia SO in Via Moia 4 The offices are open to the public from 9 00 till 12 00 in the morning and from 2 00 to 4 30 in the afternoon They are closed on Saturday and Sunday and on

    Original URL path: http://www.parcorobievalt.com/visitare/sede_eng.php (2016-02-13)
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