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  • Virtual Base Camp | PolarTREC
    What Are They Doing Dwarf Fireweed flower The research focuses on the interactions between plants and their pollinators which are animals that aid in plant reproduction through transporting pollen The aim is to understand how changes in temperature and precipitation may influence plant pollinator interactions and plant reproduction Temperature and water availability may alter the timing of flowering and Follow Expedition Arctic Sunlight and Microbial Interactions 2014 Dates 15 June 2014 to 6 July 2014 Location Toolik Field Station Alaska Teacher Regina Brinker What Are They Doing A thermokarst failure on the tundra Tremendous stores of organic carbon frozen in permafrost soils have the potential to greatly increase the amount of carbon in the atmosphere Permafrost soils may thaw sporadically and melting ground ice can cause land surface sinking called thermokarst failures These failures change the rate and amount of carbon released with the unanticipated outcome Follow Expedition Microbial Changes in Arctic Freshwater Dates 15 June 2014 to 3 July 2014 Location Toolik Field Station Alaska Teacher Lauren Watel What Are They Doing Spring thaw on the tundra outside of Toolik Lake Alaska Microbial diversity has recently been found to show a pattern of organization at various scales The research team attempts to answer three basic questions about microbial diversity and dispersal focused on the long term aspects of dispersal events and climate change 1 How does environment influence microbial community composition Follow Expedition Joint Science Education Project 2014 Dates 27 June 2014 to 18 July 2014 Location Kangerlussauq and Summit Station Greenland Einstein Educator Fellow Lynn Reed What Are They Doing The tent city at Summit Station Greenland The expedition members visited several research sites in Greenland as part of an initiative to foster enhanced international scientific cooperation between the countries The expedition members spent several days learning about the research conducted in Greenland the logistics involved in supporting the research and gained first hand experience Follow Expedition Historical Ecology for Risk Management 2014 Dates 14 July 2014 to 9 August 2014 Location Barrow AK Teacher Sian Proctor What Are They Doing A view of the beach from downtown Barrow Alaska Applied Research in Environmental Sciences Nonprofit Inc ARIES the Barrow Arctic Science Consortium BASC the North Slope Borough of Risk Management and Cooperative Extension of Ilisgavik College are collaborating to plan develop and implement a historical ecology model for the North Slope Coastal Region of Alaska Historical ecology Follow Expedition High Arctic Change 2014 Dates 21 July 2014 to 20 August 2014 Location Ny Alesund Svalbard Norway Teacher Peggy McNeal What Are They Doing Working around the glaciers of Kongsfjord Svalbard The Svalbard Archipelago has an arctic climate and is home to several large bodies of ice alpine glaciers in the mountains and tidewater glaciers that descend into the sea For the past 10 000 years the glaciers of this region have been receding and more recently researchers have noted a regional reduction in sea ice The research team Follow Expedition Oceanographic Conditions of Bowhead Whale Habitat 2014

    Original URL path: https://www.polartrec.com/expeditions/2014 (2016-02-14)
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  • Virtual Base Camp | PolarTREC
    Finland This project examined the poorly understood interaction of climate change and microbial methane production in wetland soils in the Lapland region of Finland The research team conducted field and lab experiments to determine the role of arctic wetlands in global carbon cycling Similar experiments have also been completed by the research group in the Alaskan Follow Expedition Arctic Ground Squirrel Studies Dates 29 May 2013 to 4 July 2013 Location Toolik Field Station Alaska Teacher Alicia Gillean What Are They Doing Arctic Ground Squirrel In the Arctic bright summers and dark winters are a fact of life and can lead humans to rely on clocks and routines to tell them when to eat or sleep but how do animals function under these conditions Circadian rhythms refer to the internal body clock that regulates the approximately 24 hour cycle of biological processes in animals and plants Rhythms in body Follow Expedition Biology of Antarctic Fishes 2013 Dates 29 May 2013 to 7 July 2013 Location Palmer Station and R V Laurence M Gould Teacher Paula Dell What Are They Doing Trawling catch in Antarctica Antarctic notothenioid fishes are uniquely adapted to life in the extreme conditions of the Southern Ocean Waters surrounding Antarctica are unlike any other The Southern Ocean is isolated from other oceans by the Antarctic Circumpolar Current it is very cold with temperatures at or near 1 8 degrees Celsius and the water is rich in oxygen Notothenioids Follow Expedition Arctic Sunlight and Microbial Interactions Dates 24 June 2013 to 31 July 2013 Location Toolik Field Station Alaska Teacher Bruce Taterka What Are They Doing Thawing permafrost Tremendous stores of organic carbon frozen in permafrost soils have the potential to greatly increase the amount of carbon in the atmosphere Permafrost soils may thaw sporadically and melting ground ice can cause land surface subsidence called thermokarst failures These failures change the rate and amount of carbon released with the unanticipated outcome being that Follow Expedition Predatory Spiders in the Arctic Food Web 2013 Dates 27 June 2013 to 3 August 2013 Location Toolik Field Station Alaska Teacher Nell Kemp What Are They Doing Female Wolf Spider Alaska The Arctic is warming faster than any other biome on the planet which makes it critically important to understand the influence of warming on ecosystem processes in this region While arctic species are all well adapted to living in extreme environments it is unclear how different species will respond to the environmental shifts that accompany climate change e Follow Expedition Joint Science Education Project 2013 Dates 28 June 2013 to 19 July 2013 Location Kangerlussauq and Summit Station Greenland Einstein Educator Fellow Lynn Reed What Are They Doing The expedition members visited several research sites in Greenland as part of an initiative to foster enhanced international scientific cooperation between the countries of United States Denmark and Greenland The expedition members spent several days learning about the research conducted in Greenland the logistics involved in supporting the research and gain first hand

    Original URL path: https://www.polartrec.com/expeditions/2013 (2016-02-14)
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  • Virtual Base Camp | PolarTREC
    networks and oceans by causing the release of nutrients from thawing permafrost altering precipitation patterns increasing rates of Follow Expedition Tundra Nutrient Seasonality Dates 22 May 2012 to 1 July 2012 Location Toolik Field Station Teacher Susan Steiner What Are They Doing Tundra plants and antler Arctic soils have large stores of carbon and as the arctic environment warms this carbon may be released to the atmosphere in the form of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane The current understanding of tundra ecosystems and their responses to climate change is based on the idea that nitrogen limits plant growth however nitrogen availability is Follow Expedition Predatory Spiders in the Arctic Food Web Dates 4 June 2012 to 1 August 2012 Location Toolik Field Station Alaska Teacher Nick LaFave What Are They Doing Wolf Spider While arctic species are all well adapted to living in extreme environments it is unclear whether different species will respond similarly or differently to the environmental shifts that accompany climate change e g longer growing seasons and warmer temperatures Stronger responses by some species within a community or strong responses by certain species groups could lead Follow Expedition Greenland Education Tour 2012 Dates 25 June 2012 to 27 July 2012 Location Greenland Einstein Fellow Shelly Hynes What Are They Doing Glacier outside of Kangerlussuaq Greenland The expedition members visited several research sites in Greenland as part of an initiative to foster enhanced international scientific cooperation between the countries of the United States Denmark and Greenland The expedition members spent several days learning about the research conducted in Greenland the logistics involved in supporting Follow Expedition Siberian Arctic Systems Study Dates 26 June 2012 to 26 July 2012 Location Cherskiy Siberia Teacher Mark Paricio What Are They Doing Sampling river water The Polaris Project is an innovative international collaboration among students teachers and scientists Funded by the National Science Foundation since 2008 the Polaris Project trains future leaders in arctic research and informs the public about the Arctic and global climate change During the annual month long field expedition to the Siberian Arctic undergraduate Follow Expedition Microbial Activity in Thawing Arctic Permafrost 2012 Dates 3 July 2012 to 8 August 2012 Location Barrow Alaska Teacher Cristina Solis What Are They Doing Caribou skull on the tundra Underlying the northern arctic coast of Alaska is a thick layer of permafrost As water melts and pools on top of the permafrost thaw lakes are formed Much of the North Slope of Alaska is covered in such thaw lakes As they decompose organic material the bacteria and other microorganisms living in thaw lakes produce either carbon dioxide or methane depending Follow Expedition Early Human Settlement in Arctic Alaska 2012 Dates 5 July 2012 to 16 July 2012 Location Raven Bluff Base Alaska Teacher Wendy Gorton What Are They Doing A piece of chert unearthed at Raven Bluff Alaska The team excavated portions of the Raven Bluff archaeological site the remains of a prehistoric camp that date to the

    Original URL path: https://www.polartrec.com/expeditions/2012 (2016-02-14)
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  • Virtual Base Camp | PolarTREC
    hole drilled into the sea ice The seawater collected was used to look at competition between autotrophs organisms that make their own food and heterotrophs organisms that cannot make their own food and for nitrogen N in the waters near Barrow Alaska Follow Expedition Glacial Movement and Seismicity Dates 25 April 2011 to 20 May 2011 Location Svartisen Subglacial Laboratory Norway Teacher Michael Lampert What Are They Doing Glaciers are like moving rivers of ice and as meltwater makes its way to the bottom of the ice sheet it acts like a lubricant helping the glacier move As climate warms in the polar regions glacial meltwater increases reduces friction and causes this movement to increase Increased glacial movement may cause glaciers to recede more rapidly but there is no exact formula for this For this project the team worked at the Svartisen Subglacial Laboratory a laboratory located beneath a Follow Expedition Solar Radiation on the Greenland Icesheet 2011 Dates 22 May 2011 to 14 June 2011 Location Swiss Camp Greenland Teacher Jim Pottinger What Are They Doing Solar radiation is the major energy source that drives our climate and supports life on earth In this project the research team gained a better understanding of the solar radiation reflected back into space and absorbed by our planet also known as the Earth s heat balance The team collected data related to this balance using weather observing instruments and a specially equipped aircraft that detected wind speed and directions and electromagnetic radiation The measurements were part of an Follow Expedition Microbial Activity in Thawing Arctic Permafrost Dates 20 June 2011 to 15 August 2011 Location Barrow AK Teacher Jim Miller What Are They Doing Underlying the northern arctic coast of Alaska is a thick layer of permafrost As water melts and pools on top of the permafrost thaw lakes are formed There are many thaw lakes on the North Slope of Alaska As they decompose organic material the bacteria and other microorganisms living in thaw lakes produce methane Methane is a greenhouse gas and increased microbial activity in thawing permafrost areas could lead to changes in the atmosphere due to the release of methane Microbial Follow Expedition Atmospheric Conditions and Arctic Climate Dates 27 June 2011 to 25 July 2011 Location Summit Greenland Teacher Kevin McMahon What Are They Doing Aerosols are small solid particles like dust smoke and smog which are suspended in the air Aerosols are generated by a variety of natural and man made sources such as fossil fuel combustion forest fires and dust storms Because aerosols have the ability to diffuse light coming from the sun they may actually have a cooling impact on our Earth s climate and the Greenland Ice Sheet In order to study the effect of aerosols on the arctic and the Greenland Ice Sheet the research team took Follow Expedition Greenland Education Tour 2011 Dates 1 July 2011 to 24 July 2011 Einstein Fellow Laura Lukes Follow Expedition Forest Response to Arctic Environmental

    Original URL path: https://www.polartrec.com/expeditions/2011 (2016-02-14)
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  • Virtual Base Camp | PolarTREC
    Keri Rodgers What Are They Doing The International Tundra Experiment ITEX is a network of science experiments set up to study the impact of climate change on plants that live in tundra and alpine ecosystems Plants at each site are exposed to simulated warmer temperatures using an open top chamber which acts like a mini greenhouse trapping heat close to the plants Research teams at more than two dozen circumpolar sites carry out similar experiments allowing scientists to compare the plants responses to warmer climate Follow Expedition Greenland Education Tour 10 Dates 19 July 2010 to 26 July 2010 Location Various Locations Greenland Teacher Marti Canipe What Are They Doing The expedition members visited several research sites in Greenland as part of an initiative to foster enhanced international scientific cooperation between the United States Denmark and Greenland The expedition members spent several days learning about the research conducted in Greenland the logistics involved in supporting the research and gained first hand experience conducting experiments and developing inquiry based educational activities This year s work builds on the 2007 2008 and Follow Expedition International Continental Shelf Survey Dates 31 July 2010 to 6 September 2010 Location USCGC Healy in the Bering Beaufort and Chukchi Seas Teacher Bill Schmoker What Are They Doing This joint U S Canada research cruise used two icebreakers to collect data to identify the edge of the continental shelf in the Arctic Ocean As needed the Healy broke sea ice for the Louis S St Laurent while it collected data to map the geology of the sub seabed Scientists aboard the Healy also measured seafloor bathymetry collected high resolution sub seafloor data made ice observations collected water samples and monitored marine mammals and ocean noise through high frequency audio Follow Expedition Long Term Circumpolar Permafrost Monitoring Dates 3 August 2010 to 22 August 2010 Location Deadhorse Alaska Teacher Josh Dugat What Are They Doing Permafrost is any part of the ground soil rock ice humus that remains at or below freezing for more than one year The research team studied the active layer of the permafrost the layer of the ground between the surface and the permafrost that freezes each winter and thaws each summer They visited numerous research sites and at each site they collected data on the soil and air temperature soil moisture content and active layer depth and changes Observational data from each site Follow Expedition Solar Radiation on the Greenland Icesheet Dates 12 August 2010 to 22 August 2010 Location Summit Greenland Teacher Jim Pottinger What Are They Doing Solar radiation is the major energy source that drives our climate and supports life on earth In this project the research team gained a better understanding of the solar radiation reflected back into space and absorbed by our planet also known as the Earth s heat balance The team collected data related to this balance using weather observing instruments and a specially equipped aircraft that could detect wind speed and directions and electromagnetic radiation

    Original URL path: https://www.polartrec.com/expeditions/2010 (2016-02-14)
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  • Virtual Base Camp | PolarTREC
    June 2009 Location NEEM Camp Greenland K 12 Science Coordinator Cheri Hamilton What Are They Doing Much of our knowledge of past climate comes from ice cores drilled from the Greenland ice sheet These records stretch back more than 100 000 years but existing ice cores do not include clear records from the Eemian stage the second to latest interglacial period which occurred about 130 000 years ago During this period evidence indicates that temperatures were about 3 5 C warmer than present so more information would help us understand and predict how our climate is likely to evolve in Follow Expedition Summer Ice Free Conditions Dates 14 June 2009 to 15 July 2009 Location R V Knorr Bering Sea Teacher Mark McKay What Are They Doing A diverse research team aboard the U S Coast Guard Cutter USCGS Healy conducted sampling along a series of transects over the eastern Bering Sea Research on the ship was multidisciplinary with scientists using a variety of techniques to document ocean conditions and the productivity of the Bering Sea ecosystem Researchers measured the temperature salinity and nutrient content of the sea water and the concentration of nutrients used and released by phytoplankton They also conducted Follow Expedition Greenland Education Tour 09 Dates 5 July 2009 to 21 July 2009 Location Various Locations Greenland NSF Einstein Fellow Jennifer Thompson What Are They Doing The expedition members visited several research sites in Greenland as part of an initiative to foster enhanced international scientific cooperation between the countries of the United States Greenland and Denmark The expedition members spent several days learning about the research conducted in Greenland the logistics involved in supporting the research and they gained first hand experience conducting experiments and developing inquiry based educational activities The 2009 expedition Follow Expedition High Arctic Change 09 Dates 10 July 2009 to 15 August 2009 Location Svalbard Norway Teacher Mike Rhinard What Are They Doing The research team which included undergraduate geoscience students participating in the Research Experiences for Undergraduates Program traveled to Svalbard Norway to investigate how climate change affects sediment transport and deposition associated with the tidewater glaciers icebergs meltwater streams and marine currents Tidewater glaciers are among the fastest changing systems in the Arctic offering the team the opportunity to monitor rapidly changing and dynamic systems The Follow Expedition Seabird Ecology in the Bering Sea Dates 15 July 2009 to 15 August 2009 Location Pribilof Islands Alaska Teacher Thomas Harten What Are They Doing The research team studied the foraging behavior of seabirds nesting in the Pribilof Islands Specifically they were interested in two piscivorous seabirds the Thick billed Murres and Black legged Kittiwakes on St George and St Paul Islands The team conducted this research to determine how climate warming and sea ice retreat from the southern portions of the Bering Sea will impact seabird nesting success and population growth rates on these islands To help gather data team researchers Follow Expedition Alaska Climate Variation 09 Dates 21 July 2009 to

    Original URL path: https://www.polartrec.com/expeditions/2009 (2016-02-14)
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  • Virtual Base Camp | PolarTREC
    geochemical Follow Expedition Greenland Atmospheric Studies Dates 1 June 2008 to 12 July 2008 Location Summit Greenland Teacher Craig Beals What Are They Doing As snow falls it carries whatever is in the air with it into the snowpack Over the past decade scientists have learned that the chemicals that accumulate in the snow over the long dark arctic winter react rapidly when they are exposed to the sun in the spring These sunlight driven reactions photochemistry in snow release a number of pollutants to the lower atmosphere A team of scientists worked at Summit Greenland to find out how snow photochemistry affects the composition of the snow Follow Expedition Arctic Tundra Dynamics 08 Dates 10 June 2008 to 18 July 2008 Location Barrow Alaska Teacher Elizabeth Eubanks What Are They Doing The team continued their work from 2007 investigating the role of carbon in arctic tundra ecosystems Approximately one quarter of the world s soil organic carbon is stored at high northern latitudes in permafrost and soils As the arctic environment warms this carbon may be released to the atmosphere in the form of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide CO2 and methane CH4 The goal of this project was to understand how changes in a warming and drying arctic environment may affect the Follow Expedition Changing Tundra Landscapes Dates 24 June 2008 to 26 July 2008 Location Toolik Field Station Alaska Teacher Catherine Campbell What Are They Doing Ms Campbell worked with Donie Bret Harte and a team of researchers who measured carbon water and energy fluxes at Toolik Field Station Alaska Their results were compared to findings from other arctic sites in Russia Sweden Greenland and Canada to form a coordinated network of long term observatories Laura Gough and John Moore investigated how climate warming affects arctic plant and soil communities both above and below ground For example as the Arctic continues to warm soil Follow Expedition Bering Ecosystem Study 08 Dates 30 June 2008 to 2 August 2008 Location Bering Sea Teacher Jillian Worssam What Are They Doing A diverse research team aboard the U S Coast Guard Cutter USCGS Healy conducted sampling along a series of transects over the eastern Bering Sea Research on the ship was multidisciplinary with scientists using a variety of techniques to document ocean conditions and the productivity of the Bering Sea ecosystem Research teams measured the temperature salinity nutrient content of the sea water changes in sea ice cover and the concentration of nutrients used and released by phytoplankton Follow Expedition Greenland Education Tour 08 Dates 6 July 2008 to 12 July 2008 Location Greenland Guest What Are They Doing The expedition members spent five days learning about the research conducted in Greenland the logistics involved in supporting the research and had first hand experience conducting experiments and developing inquiry based educational activities The 2008 work built on the 2007 expedition and was supported by the National Science Foundation The project was developed through cooperation with the U S Denmark

    Original URL path: https://www.polartrec.com/expeditions/2008 (2016-02-14)
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  • Virtual Base Camp | PolarTREC
    teams measured the temperature salinity and nutrient content of the sea water changes in sea ice cover and the concentration of nutrients used and Follow Expedition Greenland Snow Studies Dates 13 May 2007 to 9 June 2007 Location Summit Greenland Teacher Jo Dodds What Are They Doing This research project on the Greenland ice cap examined the air trapped in firn old snow that has recrystallized into a more dense substance through the weight of the overlying snowpack for clues to past climates The unique characteristics of firn allow the sampling of large quantities of pre industrial air to explore anthropogenic effects on the atmosphere While in the field the team conducted a variety of snow measurements post field analysis of the data enabled a better understanding Follow Expedition Bering Sea Predators Dates 24 May 2007 to 30 May 2007 Location Bering Sea Project Manager Janet Warburton What Are They Doing The research team studied the impacts of predators on the main benthic prey species in the Northern Bering Sea Main predators of benthic organisms include spectacled eiders groundfish snow crabs sea stars and gastropods As ice cover declines and groundwater temperatures increase in the Bering Sea the ranges of mobile benthic predators such as crabs and groundfish may increase and thus affect food availability for other predators such as the spectacled eider The team used trawls corers Follow Expedition Arctic Tundra Dynamics Dates 31 May 2007 to 7 July 2007 Location Barrow Alaska Teacher Rob Wilder What Are They Doing The team investigated the role of carbon in arctic tundra ecosystems Approximately one quarter of the world s soil organic carbon is stored at high northern latitudes in permafrost and soils As the arctic environment warms this carbon may be released to the atmosphere in the form of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide CO2 and methane CH4 The goal of this project was to understand how changes in a warming and drying arctic environment might affect the balance and stability of the Follow Expedition Greenland Education Tour Dates 18 June 2007 to 21 June 2007 Location Greenland Guest What Are They Doing The expedition members spent five days learning about the research conducted in Greenland the logistics involved in supporting the research and had first hand experience conducting experiments and developing inquiry based educational activities The project tied in with the international network Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment GLOBE supported by the National Science Foundation NASA and GLOBE sponsors around the world The group arrived in the coastal town of Follow Expedition Greenland Seabird Ecology Dates 11 July 2007 to 9 August 2007 Location Kap Hoegh Greenland Teacher Mary Anne Pella What Are They Doing The research team studied little auks Alle alle small seabirds also known as dovekies that migrate to the High Arctic to breed in large colonies in Greenland and Spitsbergen Little auks eat zooplankton and parents feed their chick almost entirely on copepods Calanus species Different zooplankton communities are associated with

    Original URL path: https://www.polartrec.com/expeditions/2007 (2016-02-14)
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