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  • Measuring East Antarctic Ice Sheet Stability | PolarTREC
    team spent the first part of the field season in McMurdo Station one of the American Antarctic stations and then traveled to the Australian Casey Station on the edge of the East Antarctic Ice Sheet Later in the season the team flew transects over East Antarctica to study the Aurora Subglacial Basin which includes mountains valleys and lakes all covered by parts of the East Antarctic Ice Sheet The East Antarctic Ice Sheet EAIS is one of two large ice sheets in Antarctica and the largest in the entire world and is unlike the West Antarctic Ice Sheet WAIS that rests on frozen water Expedition Map Journals 15 January 2009 A Message from Jack Hey everyone sorry for the silence but we ve had an incredibly intense field season in the icy south with the ICECAP project and a bit of my NASA funded Mars analog work I ve just departed currently in Hobart Tasmania on my way home A contingent of our group remains at Casey Station an Australian base until Feb 2nd carrying out the remainder of the work We spent three weeks or was it four or a hundred in McMurdo configuring and testing our new airborne platform a beautiful old 1942 DC 3 converted to a Basler BT 67 with modern turbine engines new avionics skis and a whole Read Journal 12 January 2009 Survival Training and Final Equipment Installations Every first year person down here has to go through a survival emergency training that goes from the very basic things to the more advanced blizzard training First is some classroom time where they introduce you to the equipment tent shovel ice pick snow saw emergency rations Things you ll need in the deep field The class was a combination of survival training and that for camping in Antarctica Pretty soon the team was in a Delta headed down to the sea ice This vehicle is huge even the wheels are almost as tall as a man From the drop off point it is a hike to the Read Journal 7 January 2009 Get Ready Set Go to Antarctica The research team went to Antarctica through Churchchrist New Zealand In Churchchrist they had to get their ECW Extreme Cold Weather gear issued This gear includes all the clothes coats gloves boots hats etc that will be needed in the cold environment of Antarctica J Holt at his ECW gear issue in Christchurch Photo J Holt The UTIG research team had to wait for great weather before leaving Christchurch and flying to McMurdo Station Antarctica Isaac a member of the UTIG research team describes his first experiences in Antarctica We arrived safely on Friday to Read Journal 7 January 2009 Aircraft Preparation The aircraft needed some changes and installations before being ready to do all the research in Antarctica JKB aircraft in prep Photo By J Holt D Young J Holt and D Blankenship with the JKB at the Austin Bergstrom International Airport Photo By L Lawyer

    Original URL path: https://www.polartrec.com/expeditions/measuring-east-antarctic-ice-sheet-stability (2016-02-14)
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  • Early Spring Plankton and Benthos | PolarTREC
    audio from the laundry room next to the hull of the boat Listen to other sounds captured with video http www youtube com watch v chBOrz QzMA Read Journal 31 March 2009 Mapping Part 3 Where are we in relationship with other places in the Northern Hemisphere Maryland is almost half way around the world from the Bering Sea Check out the map to see how far the Bering Sea is from the Maryland Can you find Maryland The next map captured as we arrived to Dutch Harbor shows the entire track of our expedition from Kodiak to Dutch Harbor The white shows ice coverage from a radar image taken on two days earlier On our last day our ship has arrived at Dutch Harbor Once in the ice in the Bering Sea we traveled around as the ice changed to allow as much science to take Read Journal 30 March 2009 The Floating Hotel What is 420 feet long 82 feet high breaks ice up to 4 5 ft thick at 3 knots and can travel 300 miles in open seas in 24 hours It is the USCGC Healy The Healy is the largest and newest Coast Guard cutter in the fleet With new technology the Healy can operate with fewer crewmembers than other similar ships A large ship in a larger sea Some people call the Healy a floating hotel or city as it has to do everything from generating it s own power making drinking water disposing of waste Everything has backups because when you are out a sea and something breaks you want to be able Read Journal 30 March 2009 Experiments from Students What happens to marshmallow when left out in the cold air for 2 days Lets check the before and after pictures of the marshmallows About 9 9 cm About the same measurement A polar bear has black skin and white fur along with a lot of fat Check out our model of a bear paw to see if the temperature is really warmer in the glove filled with fat Starting temperature 65 F or 17 C Did the bear stay warm in the inside Yes about 40 degrees warmer than the outside temperature Bringing the bear glove inside Photo by Dr Trites Read Journal Expedition Resources Salty or Not A Taste of the Bering Sea Lesson Arctic Less than a week Middle School and Up Download Share and Remix Overview What happens to the salinity in the Bering Sea during ice and no ice conditions Does it change throughout the year and at different depths during different seasons Create a model of the Bering Sea in ice conditions Change the conditions based on seasonal changes to explore the effects of runoff on salinity Objectives The students will understand How is Arctic polar water View Lesson Global Warming Lessons From the Arctic Article Arctic All Ages Download This article highlights climate change research on board the USCGC Healy in the spring of 2009

    Original URL path: https://www.polartrec.com/expeditions/early-spring-plankton-and-benthos (2016-02-14)
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  • Ocean, Atmosphere, Sea Ice, and Snowpack Interactions | PolarTREC
    Extreme Geology and Polar Plunge in Kuannersuit Disko Island Greenland Columnar Basalt on Disko Island August 23 2013 Basalt is an igneous rock formed from molten lava Sometimes it cools in a formation called columnar basalt It creates some very beautiful patterns in the rock We spent the afternoon kayaking among these formations on Disko Island Our ice specialist Ray Jourdain came to the rescue when our day s plans were changed He helped navigate the boat to Disko Island It turned into a spectacular day Columnar Basalt on Disko Island Here is a 2 minute geology lesson that explains how columnar basalt forms I like how the geologist compares Read Journal 21 September 2013 Part I Day 13 Extreme Ice in Ilulissat Greenland Greenland August 23 2013 The Greenlandic word Ilulissat translates into English as Icebergs We experienced so many icebergs today we could not do our planned visit to the town and the Ilulissat Icefjord Greenland is part of the Kingdom of Denmark In 1979 home rule was introduced to Greenland In 2009 Greenland moved to self rule Some parts of Greenland s government are still tied to Denmark They share the same currency queen and armed forces Today Greenland s population is around 57 000 people and is approximately 80 Inuit The residents speak Greenlandic Danish and many Read Journal 18 September 2013 Day 12 Qilakitsoq Greenland and Fin Whales Greenland August 22 2013 Today we reached Greenland If you have been following me you may have noticed I skipped a day On day 11 of our trip we were at sea all day crossing Baffin Bay My fellow educators and I took the opportunity to learn about operations on the ship That will be a future journal We ve arrived in Greenland Flying the flag Our location on day 12 We woke early this morning as the sun was rising between 4 5 AM It seemed especially early since over the last two days of traveling we lost two hours Once our clocks were set on Greenlandic time we were now 5 Read Journal Expedition Resources Soluble Light absorbing Species in Snow at Barrow Alaska Article Arctic High school and Up Download and Share Teacher Betsy Wilkening and researchers publish an article in the Journal of Geophysical Research stemming from their work on the PolarTREC OASIS project View Article Snow Business Article Arctic All Ages Download and Share Betsy Wilkening s PolarTREC expedition with OASIS is highlighted in University of Arizona College of Engineering newsletter View Article Bioaccumulation of Toxins Lesson Arctic About 1 period Middle School and Up Download Share and Remix Overview Students will use marshmallows to simulate toxins in the environment Concentrations of these toxins will be modeled and calculated as they bioaccumulate up the food chain Methylmercury and POPs are substances that bioaccumulate in the Arctic food chain OASIS scientists studied these in Barrow Alaska See Ocean Atmosphere Sea Ice and Snow OASIS Project at www polartrec com View Lesson Why Can

    Original URL path: https://www.polartrec.com/expeditions/ocean-atmosphere-sea-ice-and-snowpack-interactions (2016-02-14)
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  • Spring Plankton and Changing Ice Cover | PolarTREC
    down the brow in my bunny boots towards the ice though This time I was going in the small boat The Healy 2 or the small boat as it is affectionately referred to by its crew usually hangs unobtrusively above the portside 03 deck When sediment Read Journal 10 May 2009 Bering Sea Heading towards Dutch Harbor Latitude 57 10 174N Longitude 163 45 851W Alexei Pinchuk peers into a clear plastic bottle that he has taken out of the fridge outside the lab If you didn t know better you would think that he was looking at a bottle of chilly water What he is actually doing is checking on his babies his baby krill that is Looking closely into the bottle I can see three teeny organisms swimming around Each of them is smaller than a grain of rice and as clear as cellophane The only colors visible are a little pink dot by their tail and a green spot in the middle This green stuff tells Alexei Read Journal 8 May 2009 Bering Sea Surrounded by water flat as glass Latitude 57 30 196N Longitude 168 04 025WSo where in the world does a producer eat other animals a consumer make its own food and sometimes either will decide to do both Welcome to the wacky world of the Bering Sea ecosystem In theory there are two main categories of eaters heterotrophs and autotrophs These are basically the producers and consumers Autotrophs have the ability to make their own food Heterotrophs need to consume energy from other sources Mixotrophs throw a monkey wrench into the neat order of this organizational system Mix o troph the name even sounds Read Journal 7 May 2009 5 7 09 Bering Sea On the 70 meter line Latitude 59 50 217N Longitude 172 04 540WI stumbled into the main lab at 10 30 pm last night already a little sleepy from a day of webcasting multicoring and VanVeen grabbing I was tired but determined to stay up with the mysterious Krill Gang for the night before I ran out of days to do it The first person I found hovered above a microscope was Tracy Shaw a technician at NOAA s Hatfield Marine Science Center in Oregon Fresh from a day of sleep her workday was just getting warmed up as most of the ship was heading to bed At her workstation a Tupperware was swimming with krill Read Journal Expedition Resources Swan Savvy Lesson Arctic About 1 period All Ages Download Share and Remix Overview As part of a migratory bird study conducted with my bilingual second graders in Washington DC the students in my elementary science class spent four weeks getting to know all about birds We initially focused on birds that migrate from our Mid Atlantic forests to the tropical forests of Central America an area where many of them are from During a discussion about why our birds View Lesson Plankton Parade Lesson Arctic About 1 period

    Original URL path: https://www.polartrec.com/expeditions/spring-plankton-and-changing-ice-cover (2016-02-14)
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  • Prehistoric Human Response to Climate Change | PolarTREC
    Archaeology Somebody finally asked me why we do this What do we gain after tromping through the Finnish woods all day or after finding a few flakes of quartz stone from 5000 years ago Would it matter if we didn t do it In the short term the answer is easy Everything we do and everything we find and don t find gets put on maps and written about in reports that are sent to the Finnish National Board of Antiquities They keep these maps and reports so that anyone can read them in the future Next the graduate students and professors I am here with write articles about the sites and publish Read Journal 29 May 2009 The Long Day I usually have a very good sense of direction because I know the sun rises in the east crosses the sky to the south and sets in the west In Finland at this time of year it is usually cloudy and you can t see the sun Even when you can it just goes in circles and circles around the horizon There s no telling which way is north or even what time it is anymore I get lost We have entered the zone of perpetual day Yesterday today and tomorrow no longer mean anything From the balcony of my apartment Oulu I haven t seen the moon or a star in a month I no longer Read Journal Expedition Resources Climate Has Changed Before Article Arctic All Ages Download Finish newspaper Maaseudun Tulevaisuus published this article about Micheal Wing and the archaeology team working in Yli Li Attached is the translated article by Reija Shnoro View Article Ecological Cycles Part 1 Draw an illustrated diagram of the hydrologic water cycle Lesson Arctic Antarctic About 1 period All Ages Download Share and Remix Overview In this activity students diagram the hydrologic cycle Most of the concepts will already be familiar to middle and high school students but this activity is a good way to prepare for making the far more challenging carbon cycle and energy NON cycle diagrams Objective Students understand that the total amount of water on Earth is constant Students understand that polar ice is View Lesson Ecological Cycles Part 3 Draw an illustrated diagram of the energy non cycle Lesson Arctic Antarctic About 1 period High school and Up Download Share and Remix Overview In this activity students diagram the flow of energy through the Earth s ecosystems A lot of the concepts presented here are necessary in order to fully understand the greenhouse effect and global warming This lesson is presented as an activity to do before embarking on a study of the greenhouse effect and global warming Unlike water or carbon energy on Earth does not cycle The View Lesson Ecological Cycles Part 2 Draw an illustrated diagram of the carbon cycle Lesson Arctic Antarctic About 1 period High school and Up Download Share and Remix Overview In this activity students diagram the carbon

    Original URL path: https://www.polartrec.com/expeditions/prehistoric-human-response-to-climate-change (2016-02-14)
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  • Summer Ice Free Conditions | PolarTREC
    thick fog we have been in for the last couple of days We have since turned south and are following the 70 meter line which will bring us back to Dutch Harbor sometime Monday This line is called the 70 meter line because the water depth will be 70 Read Journal 4 July 2009 What the Bering Sea looks like today Its been a little difficult to get work done here on the Knorr for the last couple of days The ocean has been giving us 15 foot swells most of yesterday and today It has slacked off a little but it is supposed to get a little rougher in the next 24 hours Nothing seems to stop everyone keeps working even with the deck rocking You do get used to it after awhile I wonder what solid land is going to feel like when we get off of the ship I attached a short video of our current sea condition I will finish up another one I have showing some of the local bird life Watch for that in a Read Journal 1 July 2009 Alaskan Wildlife What a busy couple of days we have had here on the Knorr We have been crisscrossing the shelf following a plankton bloom we can see from the MODIS satellite MODIS which stands for Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer is a key instrument aboard both the Terra and Aqua satellites Terra s orbit around the Earth is timed so that it passes from north to south across the equator in the morning while Aqua passes south to north over the equator in the afternoon Terra MODIS and Aqua MODIS are viewing the entire Earth s surface every 1 to 2 days acquiring data in 36 spectral bands or Read Journal 27 June 2009 Changes in the Weather It has been a very strange couple of days One of the routines that you have to get used to on a research vessel is that there are no routines When I first got on the ship I went to bed at regular times eat my meals at the same time for a couple of days at least Now that I have a project that I am working on I have to be available to collect samples whenever and wherever they are required A lot of what I have to do is to balance collecting samples in route between stations verses collecting data while on station This means getting two hours of sleep getting up and collecting water from Read Journal 24 June 2009 There is land out there It has been a very busy couple of days here on the Knorr I haven t received very much sleep But then again none of the science team has either We have been a little ahead of schedule so it was decided that we could stay on station at a pretty interesting site for a longer period of time and due some diurnal studies meaning how are

    Original URL path: https://www.polartrec.com/expeditions/summer-ice-free-conditions (2016-02-14)
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  • Greenland Education Tour 09 | PolarTREC
    for posts by the end of the week to fill in the activities from the day our Education team made it to Kangerlussuaq from the Summit Station We enjoyed our last day together with a hike to the edge of the ice a picnic and a very meaningful debrief session to plan for next year I m in Kangerlussuaq very briefly awaiting my flight back to the U S via Copenhagen More stories to follow with details about meetings adventures visits and establishing educational contacts in Nuuk Read Journal 12 July 2009 Waiting for a Plane Our 4am alarm was fifteen minutes too early Trine and I packed our gear rolled up our sleep kit and had everything nearly ready to go when we got word that the plane was delayed due to weather and visibility We had to decide whether to pull out the gear and go back to sleep or go ahead and walk to the Big House The idea of hot tea and a potential flight was too tempting Tent City on the day we were supposed to leave So despite a hopeful wind we still sit here at 9am Greenland time waiting for word of a plane From the information we receive after each half hour weather report the Read Journal 10 July 2009 A Full Day of Polar Science Investigations We started our day with a general overview of the science done at Summit Station by Sandy Starkweather station manager She gave us a thorough background of the importance of the research done at this high elevation research facility Under the Joint Committee Agreement the U S Danes and Greenlanders work together to promote science education tourism and stewardship of Greenland The Summit Station is a unique facility given the high elevation clean air and environment as a resource for the entire polar science community Summit Station photo Researcher Brie Van Dam from the Read Journal 11 July 2009 Projects Snow Sampling Snow Pits Tyvek Suits and Math We started our day with a check in about group education projects at an 8 30am meeting The students are gathering information from scientists and staff here at Summit Station and feeling very positive about their work I am excited for these teams to have resources scientists and examples right in their environment makes for a great experience After breakfast the teams spent most of the morning gathered together working It was a productive time and I m really pleased with everyone s enthusiasm for a presentation In addition to presenting to each other in Kangerlussuaq we re also hoping Read Journal 9 July 2009 A VERY Early Morning We started our day of July 9th by getting up at breakfast at 12 30 am Once we got our gear stashed it was time to get on the bus to the airport at 1 30 Our LC 130 took off with everyone for Greenland near 2 am with great views out the side windows right away The

    Original URL path: https://www.polartrec.com/expeditions/greenland-education-tour-09 (2016-02-14)
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  • High Arctic Change 09 | PolarTREC
    Kongsfjorden floor morphology and its implications for glacier stability Laura K with her head in a bag as we Read Journal 5 August 2009 What s for dinner It seems many of you who have been following our High Arctic Change adventure have been wondering What kind of food do you eat in Svalbard When I found out where we were going to be headed on this expedition I was wondering the same thing Would we be eating processed food out of a can Sardines in mustard sauce Dried fish and reindeer meat You may have seen that while in Longyearbyen we did try whale meat at a restaurant And it was actually very good But here in Ny Alesund it is certainly not the type of fair I expected You may be surprised as Read Journal 3 August 2009 Iceberg Cowboys Phaedra Hector Ironically the quietest most reserved members of our crew have been dubbed the Iceberg Cowboys by everyone else This journal entry will introduce you to Phaedra Tinder and Hector Zamora You will learn a little about them and their projects as well as the science they are doing that has earned them the moniker the Iceberg Cowboys Phaedra Hector collecting samples from a recently calved ice berg Phaedra Tinder calls Vero Beach Florida her home town But as a student majoring in Geology she heads a bit north to the Philadelphia PA area where Read Journal 2 August 2009 Summer time fun even in the Arctic It s midnight We have a boat We have our survival suits We have water skis We have what That s right Water skis Ever since we noticed the water skis at the French station we just knew we had to try it NASA Phil waterskiing in the midnight sun It s a good thing cuz I can t ski Need more practice I guess 8000 people on that cruise ship Zero doing this http www youtube com watch v HaSRjtOPZas Just so you know real scientists don t just sit around in lab coats looking in microscopes all the time They have fun Especially polar geoscientists Keep Read Journal 26 July 2009 Meet the REU Crew If you ve been following along on our expedition through these journals or the photo gallery you may be wondering Who are these people In the Overview tab you found out about me the PolarTREC teacher and Ross Powell and Julie Brigham Grette the researchers But not about the REU students Go back to the Overview tab and you ll see this photo Mike Rhinard Hector Zamora Julie Brigham Grette Theo Barnhart Laura Kehrl Laura Poppick Hannah Marshburn Phaedra Tinder and Ross Powell You ll also be introduced to Hector Theo Laura K Laura P Hannah Phaedra Read Journal Expedition Resources Svalbard Norway with Mike Rhinard and REU Team Event Arctic This Live from IPY event held on 10 August 2009 was with PolarTREC teacher Mike Rhinard Researchers Julie Brigham Grette and Ross

    Original URL path: https://www.polartrec.com/expeditions/high-arctic-change-09 (2016-02-14)
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