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  • RescueTalk™
    the most competent and dedicated rescue teams they have ever taught On a recent recertification trip Rich and Tim were made aware of an event by Lead Rescue Officer Coordinator Mohammed Al Raqum and Fire Officer Khalid Al Habri Both officers wanted to recognize the efforts of the team for an exemplary response to an unfortunate event Both Rich and Tim thought this would be the perfect forum to recognize this excellent Rescue Team In October 2011 the team was responsible for the removal of 4 victims that had succumbed to H2S in a PRCS that was 15 feet deep by 20 feet wide The space was extremely congested and had over 15 different process lines It included a 5 ft diameter by 20 ft high tank The workers had originally entered the space to remove a skillet blind when there was an accidental release of H2S During the investigation it was determined that KNPC policies and procedures had not been adhered to and the entry team did not have a permit nor did they perform atmospheric monitoring prior to entering the space The Ratqa Rescue Team on duty at the time of the incident was located approximately 10 minutes away at a neighboring refinery Immediately the Rescue Team Leader terminated their current standby operations and responded within 6 minutes to the scene by utilizing a short cut which minimized response time by 4 minutes Upon arrival the Rescue Team did a scene size up and then created a response plan with the Rescue Officer which took approximately 3 minutes atmospheric readings detected 120 ppm of H2S Two vertical hauling systems were anchored and Rescuer 1 donned an SCBA and made entry Three victims were removed within 6 minutes via tied full body harnesses and were found to be pulseless Because of this the Rescue Officer and Rescue Team Leader decided to convert to a body recovery mode for the 4th victim Rescuer 1 was relieved and sent to rehabilitate Rescuer 2 donned an SCBA and made entry into the space Considerable time was needed to extricate the 4th victim due to numerous process lines that ranged in diameter from to 4 inches From initial dispatch to termination of recovery took 51 minutes In addition the outside temperature was 101 degrees Fahrenheit at the time Rescue Response Timeline Initial Dispatch to arrival on scene 6 minutes Scene Size up Hazard Recognition Rescue Plan 3 minutes Rescuer 1 enters space and removes 3 victims 6 minutes Rescuer 1 exits space Response mode revised to Recovery mode 21 minutes Rescuer 2 enters and removes entrapped 4th victim 15 minutes Outside Temperature 101 degrees F Overall Time 51 minutes We commend the team for its rescue response capabilities and for dealing with this unfortunate incident in such a timely and professional manner It has been our pleasure to work with these emergency responders over the years read more Lock Out Tag Out What Rescuers Need to Know Tuesday April 24 2012 The concept of LOTO is a great one and it works As rescuers we have to take the common industrial application and expand it to ensure that the rescue scene is safe and that we are controlling hazards at the point of contact with the victim or in a space where something has gone very wrong says Dennis O Connell Chief Instructor and Director of Training for Roco Rescue Although commonly referred to as the Lock out Tag out LOTO standard the actual title of 1910 147 is The Control of Hazardous Energy This title probably better describes it s true purpose and there s no doubt that the understanding of this concept has saved many lives and prevented countless injuries The LOTO standard covers the servicing and maintenance of machines and equipment in which the energizing or start up of the machines or equipment or release of stored energy could harm employees It establishes OSHA s minimum performance requirements for the control of such hazardous energy Ref 1910 147 a 1 i The general concept of LOTO is that energy sources affecting the area in which servicing or maintenance is occurring are identified and locked in the Off position or in the case of mechanical hazards linkages are disconnected for the duration of the work Some type of lock or device is placed on the equipment by those performing the work However we ve found that if you ask different people to define LOTO you will get a variety of answers Not only will you get different definitions you ll also get varying information as to how and when LOTO is to be used and who is actually allowed to place locks or controls during the LOTO process OSHA CFR 1910 147 b has a very narrow and specific definition of who can perform lock out or tag out operations That definition does not include rescuers and actually there is good reason for that If you ask emergency responders about LOTO you ll generally find that their definition has been expanded well past the control of hazardous energy to cover most rescue operations This expanded safety mindset serves to protect both the rescuer s and the victim s from additional harm following an incident Rescuers usually define LOTO as making the scene safe or controlling and keeping machinery from moving or shifting during a rescue Unlike standard LOTO which is usually a systems approach rescuers are generally trying to control the environment near an entrapped victim As rescuers we often act outside the parameters of a LOTO procedure that may already be in place Because rescuers would best be defined under affected employees in a rescue where a LOTO procedure is in place we need to understand what OSHA CFR 1910 147 b says about authorized employees and affected employees Authorized employee A person who locks out or tags out machines or equipment in order to perform servicing or maintenance on that machine or equipment An affected employee becomes an authorized employee when that employee s duties include performing servicing or maintenance covered under this section Caveman translation A person that the employer says has the systems or mechanical knowledge and authority to safely lockout tagout a machine or space Affected employee An employee whose job requires him her to operate or use a machine or equipment on which servicing or maintenance is being performed under lock out or tag out or whose job requires him her to work in an area in which such servicing or maintenance is being performed Caveman translation I have to work in an area where LOTO is in place A nice definition can be found in 54FR36665 in the promulgation of the Control of Hazardous Energy Standard an affected employee is one who does not perform the servicing but whose responsibilities are performed in an area in which the energy control procedure is implemented and servicing operations are performed under that procedure The affected employee does not need to know how to perform lock out or tag out nor does that employee need to be trained in the detailed implementation of the energy control procedure Rather the affected employee need only be able to recognize when the energy control procedure is being implemented to identify the locks or tags being used and to understand the purpose of the procedure and the importance of not attempting to start up or use the equipment which has been locked out or tagged out There is good reason for these prohibitions Improperly performed LOTO can be just as dangerous if not more so than no LOTO at all Allowing LOTO to be performed by personnel who are not familiar with the processes and equipment to be locked out increases the chances of improper lock out The requirement that only employees actually performing the servicing and maintenance of equipment are allowed to lock out equipment is less of a concern for rescuers than may first appear and here s why Typically the person being rescued from a space that has hazardous energy sources is someone who has already performed LOTO If that person performed LOTO properly and the reason for the rescue is something other than exposure to a hazardous energy source the rescuers are not exposed because the victim obviously cannot remove his lock while he is being rescued If the victim performed the LOTO improperly and the rescuers discover the error the rescuers can then lock out the equipment as they see fit or as the rescue needs dictate without violating the standard because they are not locking out the equipment as part of the LOTO program They are locking the equipment out as part of making the area safe for rescue operations The Consequences Worker s Amputation in Turkey Shackle Leads to 318 000 Proposed Fine OSHA initiated an inspection after the July 20 2011 incident in which the employee s arm allegedly became caught in an energized turkey shackle line while the employee was working alone in a confined space Jan 24 2012 OSHA cited the company for 11 safety violations at its Wisconsin facility after a worker s arm was amputated below the shoulder while the individual was conducting cleaning activities in a confined space Proposed fines total 318 000 The company has a legal responsibility to follow established permit required confined space regulations to ensure that its employees are properly protected from known workplace hazards said Mark Hysell director of OSHA s Eau Claire Area Office Failing to ensure protection through appropriate training and adherence to OSHA regulations led to a worker losing an arm OSHA initiated an inspection after the July 20 2011 incident in which the employee s arm allegedly became caught in an energized turkey shackle line while the employee was working alone in a confined space Afterward the employee had to walk down a flight of 25 stairs and 200 feet across the production floor to get the attention of a co worker for assistance Four willful violations involve not following OSHA s permit required confined space regulations in the carbon dioxide tunnel room including failing to ensure that workers isolated the carbon dioxide gas supply line and locked out power to the shackle line prior to entering the room to conduct cleaning activities verify that electro mechanical and atmospheric hazards within the room were eliminated prior to workers entering the space test atmospheric conditions prior to allowing entry and provide an attendant during entries to the room Seven serious violations involve failing to provide fall protection provide rescue and emergency services equipment develop procedures to summon rescue and emergency services provide confined space entry procedures prepare entry permits for the confined space train employees and supervisors in entry permit procedures and ensure that the entry supervisor performed required duties This spells T R O U B L E Another Six Figure OSHA Fine for LOTO Death Dec 14 2011 OSHA announced it has cited a Missouri recycling facility for 37 safety and health violations following an inspection opened after a worker died from injuries sustained June 12 when he entered a baling machine to clear a jam and the machine became energized Proposed fines total 195 930 Twenty two serious safety violations have been filed including failing to lock out and tag out the energy sources of equipment and install adequate machine guarding fall protection exits flammable liquids fire extinguishers powered industrial trucks and welding and electrical equipment Eight serious health violations were cited as was a one repeat safety violation relating to defective powered industrial trucks that were not taken out of service The company was cited in April 2010 for a similar violation according to OSHA As rescuers we need to be aware that the LOTO standard applies to general industry operations and DOES NOT apply to the following Construction Agriculture Shipyards Marine Terminals Long shoring Installations under the exclusive control of electric utilities for the purpose of power generation transmission and distribution including related equipment for communication or metering Oil and gas well drilling and servicing Exposure to electrical hazards from work on near or with conductors or equipment in electric utilization installations which is covered by subpart S of the general industry standards Hot tap operations Continuity of service is essential Shutdown of system is impractical For some of the above operations applicable regulations provide for procedures specific to the industry which if followed should provide proven effective protection for employees However rescuers need to be aware that activities in these areas not covered by OSHA s LOTO standard could have uncontrolled energy sources As we often say if everything had been done properly we probably wouldn t be responding as rescuers In accordance with OSHA regulations a LOTO program is a documented plan for safe work practices when dealing with energy sources Prior to work commencing potential sources of hazardous energy must be identified and controlled Under certain circumstances where energy sources cannot be locked out warning tags may be used As responders we do not have the luxury of studying blueprints and schematics to identify how to isolate the hazard In fact we re most often responding to incidents that had a LOTO system in place that turned out to be ineffective or improperly used Rescue Scenario Examples Rescuers were called to an incident in which a worker was trapped inside a confined space a taffy mixing machine that was supposed to be locked out The machine suddenly activated however and the worker was seriously injured by the mixing blades Employees on scene who initially locked out the equipment could not figure out where they erred and they didn t know how to prevent it from reoccurring as rescuers prepared to enter the space Not wanting to become victims themselves the rescuers quickly considered several options to make the vessel safe for entry They considered tying the blades so they couldn t move or wedging the blades against the side walls of the vessel or disconnecting the motor Because the patient was bleeding profusely time was critical and all of these options would have taken too long The rescuers ultimately opted to kill the power to the entire building making the space safe for rescuers to enter Fortunately it was an option in this case It may not have been an option where doing so would require shutting down an entire operating unit in a refinery or other industrial facility Another Incident during a Roco CSRT Stand by Another case of LOTO gone bad occurred during a Roco CSRT stand by job at a local industrial plant After LOTO had supposedly been performed one of our team members happened to push the Start button as a test on a hyper bar in a tank it turned On Further investigation revealed that electrical work had been done in the area and the fuse lock out was moved to another box adjacent to its original location No one had notified the workers or changed the written protocol Workers were locking out the wrong circuit Had this been a rescue how would rescuers control the hazard without knowing where the problem was with the LOTO Often overlooked but another huge consideration for rescuers is stored energy OSHA identifies these hazards and provides a pretty good list of examples to be aware of when responding It includes stored or residual energy in capacitors springs elevated machine members rotating flywheels hydraulic systems and air gas steam or water pressure etc Rescuers need equipment and techniques to control restrain dissipate and immobilize these hazards We also need the skills to manually isolate the area where the victim is located For general work operations referring to LOTO as the placing of locks or tags or the removal of key controls may be sufficient However for rescuers this alone may not provide adequate protection if those controls do not work or were never used From a rescuer s viewpoint our definition and options for effective LOTO needs to include other equipment and techniques that provide a safe area for rescue operations and to prevent further harm to the victim This includes equipment that is used every day in the municipal rescue world that may not typically be found in an industrial facility This includes equipment such as hydraulic spreaders and high pressure air bags Even simple tools such as metal wedges can be used to isolate and protect the hand or arm of a victim trapped in a piece of machinery The key is to determine your current capabilities and to identify what you may need prior to an incident occurring Municipal and industrial rescuers get called to a wide variety of rescues each with its own unique problems and solutions As we all know the number of ways people can get themselves in harm s way is unlimited In all entrapment incidents however it is essential that we protect both the victim and ourselves from further injury and limit our exposure to the hazards that are present In every incident rescuers must first identify the hazards and try to eliminate or control them in every way possible Many times as rescuers we find ourselves using rudimentary lock out techniques For example when responding to stuck occupied elevators in New York we would access the control room pull the power disconnect and use our handcuffs to lock it in the disconnect position This was to prevent someone from turning the power back on while we were working in the shaft to free the victims from the elevator On more serious elevator rescues where the cables were slack additional lock out was achieved by using rated rescue rope chains or cables to secure the elevator car so that it could not move up or down Even during auto extrications we would disconnect the battery to reduce the chances of an airbag deploying as well as not positioning ourselves between a rigid surface and an airbag Machine entrapment rescues are another all too

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  • RescueTalk™
    be used at your location A Since our facility operates around the clock 24 hours a day 7 days a week our Technical Rescue team has the potential to be called upon at any time Student Joe Roske being lowered into a 24 shaft using rapid deployment techniques to make quick access to the patient in a confined space scenario Q How has your team benefited from this training experience A Our Technical Rescue Team has developed a very strong skills set in training and practice This has allowed us to gain the confidence of the people we protect Q What was your favorite part of the Roco class A My personal favorite was the hands on component The repetitive skills stations followed by scenario based practicals allowed me to acquire the skills that I would not have been able to comprehend just from a lecture and book information Q How did you like training at the Roco Training Center RTC Using a SKED stretcher Mark Snellgrove and Mike Vaccaro package their patient Joe Roske and prepare him for a raise and then a pick and pivot exercise over a low point edge A The facility was impressive It is designed to exceed any skill level of student with the right instructors Q Why did you choose Roco Training A My company ConocoPhillips has been trained by Roco for years Roco has the techniques and skills that best meet our needs Special thanks to Jason Kuni Diorec for providing this information and to Roco Instructors Russell Kellar Chief Instructor from Austin Texas Bob Kauer from New York and Neal Thurman from Baton Rouge We appreciate you guys read more Honouring Those Who Serve Tuesday September 27 2011 Roco s Tim Armstrong Roco Rescue of Canada recently told us about a most worthwhile project for military personnel and first responders that s called Honour House The first of its kind in Canada Honour House is a newly renovated 4 million home that provides temporary housing for injured or disabled military personnel or first responders and their families while seeking medical care in the Metro Vancouver area Just so happens Honour House is located in New Westminster B C where Tim is currently the Fire Chief According to him The citizens and surrounding departments have been very supportive of the project because it truly is a way to help those who have been injured in the line of duty or while serving their country When recovering from a serious injury or returning home after military service it is wonderful to have a resource such as Honour House to rely on for support In fact Honour House sounds very much like the special housing and support provided for the families of children receiving critical medical care at facilities such as at St Jude s here in the US but this home is for military forces and first responders fire police and emergency response personnel who are injured in the line of duty It s the first of its kind that we ve heard about The idea for Honour House came about following a special benefit to recognize Canadian troops for their service in Afghanistan It became apparent that special assistance was needed to those individuals returning home especially those who were returning injured or wounded It was determined that Canadian forces and first responders who were receiving care or rehabilitation in the Metro Vancouver area medical facilities were experiencing difficulty in finding temporary housing for their families We salute Honour House of Canada what an incredible way to honor or honour your country s military personnel and emergency responders than to provide assistance to their families while medical care is being provided The Honour House Society an independent registered charity whose objective is to provide free interim accommodation for the families of Canadian Forces and first responders is pleased to have met its goal of opening the first of its kind home for families of Canadian forces and first responders Fact Canadian troops have served in Afghanistan since 2002 with more than 35 000 men and women having completed at least one tour of duty More than 150 Canadians have been killed and over 4 500 have been injured Here s a great quote by Rick Hiller Chief of Defense Staff and we couldn t agree more When a soldier steps on foreign soil in a high risk environment every single Canadian or American should be walking with him or her Check out the Honour House s website You can also view the YouTube video to learn more about the Honour House read more Has emergency response improved since 9 11 Monday September 26 2011 We recently read an article from the NFPA Journal about the improvements that have been made since 9 11 Out of this tragedy came some very hard lessons learned from an emergency response standpoint as well as national security and building codes especially for high rise structures Are we better prepared Is your department better equipped today for acts of terrorism or natural disaster Has communications improved among responding agencies Are you better trained as an emergency responder An article in the September October 2011 issue of the NFPA Journal cites three main areas that have improved as a direct result of the 9 11 terrorist attacks These improvements include 1 interoperability for emergency responders 2 high rise building safety and 3 emergency preparedness Staff Writer Fred Durso Jr cites several NFPA standards developed or enhanced based on the lessons learned from the response such as the need for an all hazards approach For example NFPA 1981 a standard about SCBAs for emergency services now requires these respiratory products to protect against chemical biological radiological and nuclear CBRN agents NFPA 1851 a standard about protective ensembles for structural and proximity firefighting now covers cleaning and decontamination of the PPE and NFPA 1561 Emergency Services Incident Management System requires using clear text terminology during an incident instead of radio codes He cites several NFPA standards developed or enhanced based on the lessons learned from the response such as the need for an all hazards approach For example NFPA 1981 a standard about SCBAs for emergency services now requires these respiratory products to protect against chemical biological radiological and nuclear CBRN agents NFPA 1851 a standard about protective ensembles for structural and proximity firefighting now covers cleaning and decontamination of the PPE and NFPA 1561 Emergency Services Incident Management System requires using clear text terminology during an incident instead of radio codes Durso writes NFPA s High Rise Building Safety Advisory Committee formed in 2004 developed proposals for NFPA s Fire Code Life Safety Code and Building Construction and Safety Code to implement recommendations from the NIST investigations published in 2005 and 2008 into why three of the World Trade Center buildings collapsed after the 9 11 attacks One change in NFPA 5000 the Building Construction and Safety Code specifies wider exit stairs when a cumulative occupant load of 2 000 or more people is expected to use them he writes NFPA 1600 the standard for disaster emergency management and business continuity has been available free since 2005 the 2010 edition is now available click here to download NFPA is developing a program to train people who are charged with auditing private sector programs that use the 1600 standard according to the article The National Fire Protection Association and the International Code Council whose model building and fire codes are the blueprint for most U S communities followed most of the 9 11 investigators recommendations They made significant changes in the 2009 and the upcoming 2012 codes which apply to new high rise buildings The national code improvements include glow in the dark exit markings in stairways a third or fourth stairway depending on the building s height greater separation between those stairways to lessen the chance of a single calamity disabling all of them stickier more robust fire proofing with inspections to ensure its proper application backup water supplies for sprinklers impact resistant walls around elevator and stairwell shafts fortified elevators that firefighters and in some cases occupants can use in an emergency stricter and more consistent fire resistance standards for skyscrapers structural components radio amplifiers that help rescuers better communicate inside buildings and improved emergency evacuation plans and disaster drills Illustration by William Neff John Mangels Referring to the image above a More better sprinklers must cover all floors with backup water supply in case the primary system fails b Tougher windows panels laminated with clear adhesive film or backed up with Kevlar curtains to prevent flying shards in case of explosion c Spread out utilities piping and mechanical equipment for water electric power telephone and air conditioning ducts to be put in separate locations so a single explosion doesn t take out all systems at once d Structural improvements to lessen the risk of progressive collapse additional support columns for redundancy diagonal bracing to transfer loads if a column fails improved fireproofing materials no open web bar trusses which collapse easily in a fire e Non obvious obstacles rather than ugly walls and Jersey barriers designers employ mix of planters decorative fencing and benches to deter car bombers f Added distance building is set back at least 50 10o feet from street to blunt blast impact g Access control building entrances equipped with fingerprint or retina scanners facial recognition cameras card readers metal detectors explosives sniffers and other screening devices h Blast protection lower level support columns encased in concrete exterior walls reinforced with steel plates and backed with Kevlar fabric to absorb explosion energy from a car or truck bomb g Protected Deliveries mail room and loading docks where bombs may enter should be hardened and isolated from critical building systems h Ventilation protection air intake shafts should be at least 20 feet above ground level to reduce chances of noxious gases getting inside i Stairwell improvements minimum of 3 per floor separated by at least 30 feet branching at lower floors to allow multiple exits from building should have fire and impact resistant concrete walls high flow ventilation to remove smoke battery powered emergency lights and loud speakers luminous paint guide strips and signs in case of power failure extra wide 66 inch stairs to accommodate evacuees and rescuers j Shielded elevator building lifts should be shielded from impact with fire resistant shafts and fitted with waterproof electronics so they can be used to evacuate occupants in fire or blast emergencies k Reliable communication internal antennas will allow fire and police radios to work throughout the building As the fire service began to rebuild and recover from 9 11 departments large and small across the country evaluated their level of preparedness and found it lacking according to an article by Bob Vaccaro who has more than 30 years of fire service experience A key factor in enhancing preparedness was increased funding from DHS and grants from the AFG and SAFER programs Thanks to this funding many municipalities have been able to upgrade apparatus radio communications and personal protective equipment We ve seen decon units and WMD trailers with caches of equipment purchased and stored in various areas of the country Post 9 11 funding also helped some poorer areas purchase much needed apparatus For some departments it was their first new apparatus in many years for others it was their first ever new rig Radio communications and wireless communications have improved vastly since 9 11 Many large cities and counties have purchased command vehicles and have learned and practiced the incident command system Although we ve by no means solved the problem of all agencies being able to talk to one another significant advances have been made References Occupational Health Safety Cleveland com Fire Fighter Nation read more Rescue Robot from DOE Lab Monday August 29 2011 The Chilean and Pike River mine disasters in 2010 revealed the dangers and difficulties faced in extracting those trapped beneath the earth The earthquakes and hurricanes on the east coast of the US this month are an indication that extrication training and resources have never been needed more Structural collapse trench rescue and extrication from confined spaces including mine incidents have a common element Many have unknown dangers poisonous gases flooded tunnels explosive vapors unstable structures all obstacles that can significantly slow rescue operations Roco offers core classes in Extrication like Trench and Structural Collapse All Roco courses offer hands on training from human instructors When we found this article about recent technological developments in robotics we were compelled to share Sandia National Laboratories robotics researchers showed off their Gemini Scout Mine Rescue Robot at the Unmanned Systems North America 2011 conference in Washington D C in mid August According to Sandia s news release the Gemini Scout Mine Rescue Robot has been designed to negotiate hazardous conditions encountered after an underground mine disaster and report findings so that rescuers can be more prepared NIOSH funded the robot s development for the past three years and MSHA is likely to be the primary customer they said We have designed this robot to go in ahead of its handlers to assess the situation and potential hazards and allow operations to move more quickly said Jon Salton Sandia engineer and project manager The robot is guided by remote control and is equipped with gas sensors a thermal camera to locate survivors and another pan and tilt camera mounted several feet up to see the obstacles we re facing Less than 4 feet long and 2 feet tall Gemini Scout can navigate around tight corners and over safety hatches a foot high It can carry food air packs and medicine to trapped workers and is equipped with two way radios It can be configured to drag survivors to safety The use of technology in rescue is becoming more and more common As all good rescue pros know you can never be too prepared If the use of robotics can detect hazards in a timely manner before loss of life we re all for it Research development and the test of time will tell the story Great inspiration Image Randy Montoya read more Princeton rescue squad member dies from injuries sustained in Hurricane Irene rescue attempt Monday August 29 2011 Princeton Township NJ The sad news of a rescue squad member losing his life in Hurricane Irene reminds us of the courage it takes to serve others and the dangers that are faced in the line of duty A Princeton First Aid and Rescue squad member who was swept away in swift moving flood waters while attempting to search a submerged car during Hurricane Irene has died from his injuries police said this morning Michael Kenwood 39 had been hospitalized since he was pulled from the water early Sunday with undisclosed injuries He is the fifth person to have been killed by the storm in New Jersey and the first reported death in Mercer County Kenwood a member of the squad s swift water rescue team was dispatched to the area of Rosedale Road near Johnson Park at 4 a m Sunday to investigate a submerged car according to Greg Paulson deputy director of the squad It was feared someone was trapped in the car but it was later determined to be empty Kenwood was tied to another rescuer and entered the water but they quickly realized the current was too strong and attempted to turn back when one of the men fell Paulson said The two men were tied to a line being tended by other rescue squad members on the shore but they came free from the line Kenwood was swept away and later pulled from the water by a first aid backup team Paulson said Reported by NJ com read more Confined Space Fatality Follow up Monday August 29 2011 Here s a follow up to a Confined Space Fatality story we published earlier this year One of the injured persons a would be rescuer and co worker of the initial victim remains hospitalized since January According to a Cal OSHA Chief it is unfortunately common for other employees to be injured or killed while attempting impromptu rescue of the initial victim In fact NIOSH states that prior to enactment of the permit required confined space regulation 60 of all fatalities in confined space incidents where multiple fatalities occurred were would be rescuers This article also addresses the importance of proper planning for confined space operations These incidents continue to happen all too often when workers aren t properly trained to deal with the hazards of confined spaces and the appropriate actions to take prior to entering a space especially if a co worker is already down Keep in mind most likely there s something very wrong in the space As a rescuer or a would be rescuer co worker don t rush into a confined space You must protect yourself first Cal OSHA fines prominent pharmaceutical firm 371 000 for safety violations leading to worker fatality Los Angeles Cal OSHA issued eleven citations totaling 371 250 to Baxter Healthcare Corporation dba Baxter Bioscience this week for deliberate and willful workplace safety violations which resulted in the death of one of their technicians and serious injury of two others The violations included four willful citations indicating intentional violation or knowledge of a violation Baxter has 15 business days to appeal or pay the citations We will not tolerate employers who intentionally sacrifice the safety of their workers said DIR Acting Director Christine Baker Our goal is to prevent these needless tragedies and ensure employers live up to their responsibility of protecting their workers On January 21 Baxter technician Henry Astilla 33 collapsed when he entered a seven foot deep 6 000 liter tank in which nitrogen gas was being bubbled through plasma as part of a protein extraction process Air in the tank had been displaced by the nitrogen

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  • RescueTalk™
    32 year old city worker is dead after being overcome by fumes this morning while checking a sewer outside of a business on Yankee Road according to police Meanwhile two firefighters who attempted to rescue the public works employee were hospitalized after the accident about 8 a m today May 7 in front of Air Products and Chemicals Inc 2500 Yankee Road according to police Jabin Lakes died after falling into a manhole during an inspection according to Police Maj Mark Hoffman More Firefighters went into rescue Lakes and were overcome with something in the shaft he said It is not clear what the substance is according to Hoffman Fire Marshal Bob Hess was taken to Atrium Medical Center in Middletown and Capt Todd Wissemier was taken to Miami Valley Hospital in Dayton according to Hoffman The manhole is estimated to be about 20 to 30 feet deep and 20 to 22 inches wide Hoffman said Mayor Larry Mulligan could not discuss details of the incident but said the city will hold a press conference today at 2 p m in council chambers One Donham Plaza A coroner s investigator is at the scene as well as fire rescue units from West Chester Twp Fairfield and Franklin The deceased man is still in the hole at 9 55 a m Shortly before 10 a m crews were performing air quality tests on the manhole Hoffman said He said there does not appear to be any hazard to the general public in the area At 10 12 a m crews on scene were requesting a chemist from AK Steel be sent to the manhole Air Products officials were in a meeting regarding the incident and couldn t be reached for comment The Allentown Pa based company provides oxygen to AK Steel s Middletown Works Hoffman said Lakes and two other city workers were inspecting the sewer about 8 a m because Air Products was interested in tapping into a main line When the manhole cover was opened Lakes was overcome by fumes and fell into the hole he said The workers called 911 and fire crews arrived shortly thereafter Hoffman said read more South Dakota Wheat Growers Assoc Fined 1 6M After Fatality Wednesday June 09 2010 The U S Department of Labor s Occupational Safety and Health Administration has fined the South Dakota Wheat Growers Association of Aberdeen S D more than 1 6 million following the Dec 22 2009 death of a worker at the company s McLaughlin S D grain handling operation The worker suffocated after being engulfed by grain in one of the facility s bins OSHA s investigation found that five additional workers were also at risk of being engulfed when they were sent into the bin to dig the victim out OSHA proposed 1 610 000 in fines for 23 alleged willful violations of the grain handling and confined space standards including Failing to prohibit workers from walking on top of clumped grain Failing to

    Original URL path: http://www.rocorescue.com/roco-rescue-blog/tag/news/page/9/ (2016-02-15)
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  • Q&A: Tech Panel Answers
    passing the top 2 grommets and starting with the first 2 on the sides ANSWER The answer to your question about substituting figure 8 knots for butterfly knots in the webbing for the stokes lashing is Yes you can You could also use two separate pieces of webbing to accomplish the same goal If you go to quick search and type in skedco lashing it will bring you to a downloadable document Previous Next New Stuff Atmospheric Monitors May NOT Detect All Dangers Roco QUICK DRILL 10 Tripod Quick Drill Service Life Guidelines for Rescue Equipment NFPA Issues New Guide for Confined Spaces Gravedigger Engulfed In Cave in of Unguarded Grave Hot Topics ATMOSPHERIC HAZARDS 6 CONFINED SPACE 58 EQUIPMENT 36 FALL PROTECTION 16 FIRE FIGHTERS 1 HOW TO VIDEOS 6 INCIDENTS 27 MISCELLANEOUS 40 NEWS 90 OSHA MEMORANDUM 2 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS 36 QUICK DRILLS 12 REGULATIONS 31 SAFETY 55 STRUCTURAL COLLAPSE 5 TECHNIQUES 23 TRAINING 6 TRENCH 10 RescueTalk RocoRescue com has been created as a free resource for sharing insightful information news views and commentary for our students and others who are interested in technical rope rescue Therefore we make no representations as to accuracy completeness or

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  • Question from a Petzl ID User
    lbf design load So what is the design load Typically it is the amount of weight force a device or a system can handle or the load that it is designed to handle Once it has met the design load requirement for NFPA it is placed in an equipment category and tested accordingly In the case of the ID it is tested as a descent control device According to NFPA General Use descent control devices shall withstand a minimum test load of at least 22 k N 4946 lbf without failure I know what you re thinking Hey that s not anywhere near the 9000 lbf we re used to hearing for General Use NFPA requires that rope and carabiners be rated at 8992 lbf with pulleys and some other auxiliary items at 8093 lbf Rope grab device shall withstand a minimum test load of at least 11 k N 2473 lbf without sustaining permanent damage to the device or rope to meet General Use So there is a wide range of strength requirements in NFPA 1983 depending on what category an item is tested in You must also consider that NFPA 1983 is a manufacturer s standard and provides strength requirements for equipment to be classified as T Technical Use 300lbf working load or G General Use 600lbf working load Rescuers must also refer to the manufacturer s recommendations for use However an NFPA 1983 G rating provides a quick field reference to the working load and confirms that a piece of equipment has been tested accordingly This is important because OSHA will most likely look at this if there is an incident To answer your question the manufacturer Petzl allows the ID to be used for the lowering and raising of two person loads If you have any

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  • Update: Question to OSHA on Individual Retrieval Lines
    then wrote a letter to OSHA requesting clarification about the forthcoming LOI A portion of our letter stated that This pending interpretation is different from our understanding of what s required by the regulation While this particular technique is one option of providing external retrieval there are other alternatives currently being used by rescuers One of the techniques being used is a single retrieval line for multiple entrant rescuers The first rescuer to enter the space is attached to the retrieval line via an end of line Figure 8 on a Bight Any subsequent rescuers enter the space attached to the same retrieval line using mid line Butterfly knots In our opinion this satisfies the intent of the regulation in that each entrant is attached to a retrieval line However in the case of multiple entrants requiring individual lines as mentioned in the proposed LOI may represent an entanglement hazard This in effect may cause entrants to opt out of using retrieval lines due to potential entanglement hazards which is allowed by the standard if entanglement hazards are a concern So in our opinion this effort to bring more clarity to the issue may further complicate the matter Again we believe the single retrieval line method described above is one way to rescue entrants while satisfying the intent of the standard at the same time More background is available by reading our original story Fast forward back to July 2012 the demonstration lasted about four hours During this time Roco demonstrated numerous retrieval line techniques as well as the pros and cons for each system There was a great deal of discussion back and forth on how this pending letter of interpretation could affect rescuers and entrants and their ability to perform their jobs safely and efficiently We would like

    Original URL path: http://www.rocorescue.com/roco-rescue-blog/update_on_osha_and_individual_retrieval_lines (2016-02-15)
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  • What is a Competent Person?
    hazards typically encountered in that area of work 2 A solid review of applicable standards relating to that type of work and 3 A thorough understanding of types of solutions to control or eliminate the hazards These are just a few of the capabilities of a Competent Person What these courses cannot provide is the job experience gained by years of work in that particular industry and the authority to implement protective measures that only the employer can grant We encourage you to keep these things in mind when you are preparing your Competent Person for the job duties that he or she will be expected to fulfill Download the pdf What is a Competent Person from the National Safety Council s Safety Health publication July 2012 Previous Next New Stuff Atmospheric Monitors May NOT Detect All Dangers Roco QUICK DRILL 10 Tripod Quick Drill Service Life Guidelines for Rescue Equipment NFPA Issues New Guide for Confined Spaces Gravedigger Engulfed In Cave in of Unguarded Grave Hot Topics ATMOSPHERIC HAZARDS 6 CONFINED SPACE 58 EQUIPMENT 36 FALL PROTECTION 16 FIRE FIGHTERS 1 HOW TO VIDEOS 6 INCIDENTS 27 MISCELLANEOUS 40 NEWS 90 OSHA MEMORANDUM 2 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS 36 QUICK

    Original URL path: http://www.rocorescue.com/roco-rescue-blog/what_is_a_competent_person (2016-02-15)
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  • Multiple Confined Space Entries
    during turnarounds where multiple entries are taking place On the other hand we use Rescue Stand by when a more immediate need is anticipated such as with a hazardous atmosphere or potentially hazardous atmosphere For example with an IDLH entry it may require the team to be standing by just outside the space in order to reach the patient in a timely manner i e how long can you live without air 3 to 4 minutes Or how quickly can the entrant be engulfed where there is a potential engulfment hazard OSHA 1910 134 requires a standby person or persons capable of immediate action with IDLH atmospheres See reference below OSHA Reference Note to Paragraph k 1 i What will be considered timely will vary according to the specific hazards involved in each entry For example 1910 134 Respiratory Protection requires that employers provide a standby person or persons capable of immediate action to rescue employee s wearing respiratory protection while in work areas defined as IDLH atmospheres Regarding multiple entries this Rescue Stand by status could certainly limit the number of entries that could take place due to the availability of qualified responders and equipment You must also consider that if you re doing an entry that requires Rescue Stand by and are called to respond to a rescue from a Rescue Available space the entrants at the Rescue Stand by entry must be evacuated before the team can respond And if there is only one rescue team all other entries must stop during a rescue as the team is no longer available Can an Attendant cover more than one confined space entry at the same time According to OSHA see below attendants can cover multiple spaces as long as they meet the responsibilities and duties at each entry site If the spaces are Rescue Available and are in close proximity this may be possible However without seeing the spaces and if they are on different levels as you mentioned it could be very difficult for an Attendant to meet all of the requirements OSHA defines for Attendants OSHA Notes regarding Attendants and Multiple Entries NOTE to 1910 146 d 6 Attendants may be assigned to monitor more than one permit space provided the duties described in paragraph i of this section can be effectively performed for each permit space that is monitored Likewise attendants may be stationed at any location outside the permit space to be monitored as long as the duties described in paragraph i of this section can be effectively performed for each permit space that is monitored 1910 146 d 7 If multiple spaces are to be monitored by a single attendant include in the permit program the means and procedures to enable the attendant to respond to an emergency affecting one or more of the permit spaces being monitored without distraction from the attendant s responsibilities under paragraph i of this section Once all these critical factors have been reviewed you will need to

    Original URL path: http://www.rocorescue.com/roco-rescue-blog/multiple-confined-space-entries (2016-02-15)
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