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  • The Coast Guide | Kenya Travel | Rough Guides
    lowland forests are on the coast and along the banks of the lower Tana River The rainforests all threatened by human incursion include Witu forest near Lamu the Mida Gedi forest near Watamu the Sabaki River Forest near Malindi several forest fragments in the Shimba Hills and the Ramisi River Forest on the southern coast Several of the kaya sacred areas such as Kaya Diani and Kaya Kinondo are similar although they re too small to have a rainforest microclimate The most important area of natural forest is the Arabuko Sokoke National Park south of Malindi Arabuko Sokoke is unique in that it comprises a largely unbroken block of 420 square kilometres of coastal forest consisting of Brachystegia woodland containing a huge variety of birdlife dense Cynometra forest and zones of mixed lowland rainforest that are very rich in plants mammals and insects Wildlife on the coast is in keeping with the region s lush intimate feel The big game of upcountry Kenya is more or less absent though Shimba Hills National Park southwest of Mombasa is an exception but smaller creatures are abundant Monkeys are especially common with troops of baboons seen by the road vervet and Sykes monkeys frequently at home in hotel gardens and spectacular Angolan colobus monkeys locally common in the forests behind Diani Beach Birdlife is prolific if you have even a mild interest you should bring binoculars On the reptile front snakes those brilliant disguise artists are rarely seen except in a number of snake parks but lizards skitter everywhere including upside down on the ceiling at night and bug eyed chameleons waver across the road sometimes making it to the other side So do giant millipedes up to 30cm long these harmless scavengers have been nicknamed Mombasa Express after the famously slow train Insects are here in full force although thankfully efforts to eradicate mosquitoes are paying off and most species including the glorious butterflies of the Diani and Arabuko Sokoke forests are attractive participants in the coast s gaudy show Swahili coastal culture Swahili coastal culture For perhaps two thousand years foreign ideas have been shaping the society language literature and architecture of the coast Immigrants and traders from Arabia Persia and India have been a subtle and gradual influence here They would arrive each year in March or April on the northeast monsoon stay for a few months and return in September on the southerly monsoon Some either by choice or mishap would be left behind Through intermarriage from the earliest times a distinct ancient civilization called Swahili emerged Swahili a name thought to derive from the same Arabic root as sahel meaning edge or coast is also a Bantu language Known to its speakers as Kiswahili and correctly written kiSwahili it is one of the most grammatically mainstream of the huge family of Bantu languages and very typical of the family Like all old languages used by trading peoples Swahili contains strong clues about who its speakers mixed with it

    Original URL path: http://www.roughguides.com/destinations/africa/kenya/coast/ (2016-02-16)
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  • Map of Kenya | Kenya Regions | Rough Guides
    savannahs mountains and deserts of the interior Kenya is Africa s most compelling destination Whether aboard an air conditioned coach or a crammed bus any visitor will find a warmth and openness and an abundance of superb scenery Head to an eco camp to undergo warrior training and unleash your inner Maasai tribesman or watch hippos in the exceptionally beautiful Tsavo West National Park Whatever you set your heart on our map of Kenya allows you to see at a glance what this magical country has to offer and to plan your very own adventure With national parks and reserves scattered across the sprawling savannah hiking opportunities across the high forests and moors of the Central Highlands cultural and natural attractions such as Nairobi and Lake Victoria in the west what this country doesn t lack is choice Find out more about Kenya Interactive Kenya Map Regions of Kenya Click the links below to find out about your chosen region 1 Nairobi and around 2 The Central Highlands 3 The Rift Valley 4 Western Kenya 5 The National Parks and Mombasa Highway 6 The coast 7 The north Related Ebooks The Rough Guide to Kenya View Guide The Rough Guide

    Original URL path: http://www.roughguides.com/maps/africa/kenya/ (2016-02-16)
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  • Kenya Travel | Places to visit in Kenya | Rough Guides
    Kruger National Park and Mpumalanga View Guide Rough Guides Snapshot Tanzania The Northern Safari Circuit View Guide Sinai Rough Guides Snapshot Egypt View Guide Cairo and the Pyramids Rough Guides Snapshot Egypt View Guide The Rough Guide to Egypt View Guide Rough Guides Snapshot South Africa The Eastern Cape View Guide The Rough Guide to Morocco View Guide Pocket Rough Guide Marrakesh View Guide Lapped by the Indian Ocean straddling the equator and with Mount Kenya rising above a magnificent landscape of forested hills patchwork farms and wooded savanna Kenya is a richly rewarding place to travel The country s dramatic geography has resulted in a great range of natural habitats harbouring a huge variety of wildlife while its history of migration and conquest has brought about a fascinating social panorama which includes the Swahili city states of the coast and the Maasai of the Rift Valley Kenya s world famous national parks tribal peoples and superb beaches lend the country an exotic image with magnetic appeal Treating it as a succession of tourist sights however is not the most stimulating way to experience it If you get off the beaten track you can enter the world inhabited by most Kenyans a ceaselessly active scene of muddy farm tracks corrugated iron huts tea shops and lodging houses crammed buses and streets wandered by goats and children Both on and off the tourist routes you ll find warmth and openness and an abundance of superb scenery rolling savanna dotted with Maasai herds and wild animals high Kikuyu moorlands grazed by cattle and sheep and dense forests full of monkeys and birdsong Of course Kenya is not all postcard perfect start a conversation with any local and you ll soon find out about the country s deep economic and social tensions Read

    Original URL path: http://www.roughguides.com/destinations/africa/kenya/?wpfpaction=add&postid=75713 (2016-02-16)
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  • Explore Destinations | Travel Guides | Rough Guides
    there Getting around Accommodation Eating and drinking Health The media Public holidays and festivals Entertainment and sport Outdoor activities National parks and reserves Safaris Crafts and shopping Culture and etiquette Crime and safety Travel essentials Inspiration Things not to miss Itineraries Features Gallery Explore Nairobi and around The Central Highlands The Rift Valley Western Kenya The National Parks and Mombasa Highway The Coast The North Shop Ebooks Travel Insurance Hostels

    Original URL path: http://www.roughguides.com/destinations/africa/kenya/explore/ (2016-02-16)
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  • South Africa Facts | About South Africa | Rough Guides
    Mpumalanga Limpopo Shop Ebooks Travel Insurance Hostels Fact file Show Related Guides Hide Related Guides Rough Guides Snapshot South Africa Kruger National Park and Mpumalanga View Guide Rough Guides Snapshot South Africa Johannesburg and Pretoria View Guide The Rough Guide to South Africa Lesotho Swaziland View Guide The Rough Guide to Cape Town The Winelands The Garden Route View Guide Rough Guides Snapshot South Africa The Eastern Cape View Guide Rough Guides Snapshot South Africa KwaZulu Natal View Guide Rough Guides Snapshot Victoria Falls View Guide The Rough Guide to First Time Around The World View Guide Rough Guides Snapshot Tanzania The Northern Safari Circuit View Guide The Rough Guide to Egypt View Guide South Africa Fact file South Africa has a population of 51 million and eleven official languages Zulu Xhosa Afrikaans Pedi English Ndebele Sotho Setswana siSwati Venda and Tsonga The country is a multiparty democracy the head of state being President Jacob Zuma Parliament sits in Cape Town the legislative capital while Pretoria is the executive capital from where the president and his cabinet run the country Each of the nine provinces has its own government The highest point in South Africa is Njesuthi in the Drakensberg at 3408m The highest point in Lesotho and Southern Africa is also in the Drakensberg Thabana Ntlenyana at 3482m South African President Jacob Zuma s three spouse household is modest compared to the fourteen wife ménage of Swazi King Msawati King Letsie of Lesotho has been married just once Nelson Mandela s wife Graca Machel who was previously married to the late president of Mozambique Samora Machel is the only woman to have been first lady of two different countries Read More Things not to Miss Explore South Africa Itineraries Features Gallery Where Next Check out The Western Cape Book

    Original URL path: http://www.roughguides.com/destinations/africa/south-africa/fact-file/ (2016-02-16)
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  • Where to go in South Africa | Rough Guides
    drive from here can take you to any other destination in the Western Cape a province that owes its distinctive character to the longest established colonial heritage in the country You ll find gabled Cape Dutch architecture historic towns and vineyard covered mountains in the Winelands forested coast along the Garden Route and a dry interior punctuated by Afrikaner dorps towns in the Little Karoo If the west sounds too pretty and you re after a more African experience head for the eastern flank of the country best visited in the cooler months May Oct Johannesburg is likely to be your point of entry to this area its frenetic street life soaring office blocks and lively mix of people make it quite unlike anywhere else in the country Half a day away by car lie Limpopo and Mpumalanga provinces which share the mighty Kruger National Park Of South Africa s roughly two dozen major parks Kruger is unrivalled on the continent for its cross section of mammal species A visit to Kruger combines perfectly with KwaZulu Natal to the south itself offering superb game and birdlife Hluhluwe Imfolozi Park is the best place in the world to see endangered rhinos and there are several other outstanding small game reserves nearby such as Ithala Mkhuze and Ndumo For hiking and nature the high point of the province literally is the soaring Drakensberg half a day s drive from Durban After Cape Town Durban remains the only city in South Africa worth visiting in its own right a busy cultural melting pot with a bustling Indian district and lively beachfront The long stretch of beaches north and south of Durban is the most developed in the country but north towards the Mozambique border lies South Africa s wildest stretch of coast Across

    Original URL path: http://www.roughguides.com/destinations/africa/south-africa/where-to-go/ (2016-02-16)
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  • Best Time To Visit South Africa | Rough Guides
    Snapshot South Africa Johannesburg and Pretoria View Guide The Rough Guide to South Africa Lesotho Swaziland View Guide The Rough Guide to Cape Town The Winelands The Garden Route View Guide Rough Guides Snapshot South Africa KwaZulu Natal View Guide Cairo and the Pyramids Rough Guides Snapshot Egypt View Guide The Rough Guide to Ethiopia View Guide The Rough Guide to First Time Africa View Guide The Rough Guide to Namibia View Guide South Africa When to go South Africa is predominantly sunny but when it does get cold you feel it since everything is geared to fine weather Midwinter in the southern hemisphere the reverse of the north is in June and July and midsummer is during December and January when the country shuts down for its annual holiday The best time to visit depends on where you re going and what you re planning to see South Africa has distinct climatic zones In Cape Town and the Garden Route coastal belt summers tend to be warm mild and unpredictable rain can fall at any time of the year and winter days can be cold and wet Many Capetonians regard March to May as the perfect time to visit when the winds drop it s beautifully mild and the tourists have gone Subtropical KwaZulu Natal has warm sunny winters and tepid seas in common with the Lesotho highlands the province s Drakensberg range has misty days in summer and mountain snow in winter Johannesburg and Pretoria lie on the highveld plateau and have a near perfect climate summer days are hot and frequently broken by dramatic thunder showers winters are dry with chilly nights East of Johannesburg the lowveld the low lying wedge along the Mozambique border that includes the Kruger National Park and much of Swaziland is subject

    Original URL path: http://www.roughguides.com/destinations/africa/south-africa/when-to-go/ (2016-02-16)
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  • Getting there | About South Africa | Rough Guides
    Cape Town From North America there are a relatively small number of nonstop flights into Johannesburg Airfares depend on the season with the highest prices and greatest demand in June July August December and the first week of January You get the best prices during the low season in October and November and from the last three weeks of January until March Flights from the UK and Ireland From London there are nonstop flights with British Airways w www ba com South African Airways w www flysaa com and Virgin Atlantic w www virgin atlantic com to Johannesburg and Cape Town Flying time from the UK is around eleven hours to Jo burg about an hour longer to Cape Town nonstop fares from London start from 800 in high season and 500 in low season You can save up to 200 by flying via mainland Europe or the Middle East and changing plane at least once From the Republic of Ireland a number of European carriers fly out of Dublin to South Africa via their hub airports Flights from the US and Canada From the US there are three nonstop flights a week from New York JFK to Johannesburg operated by South African Airways SAA in partnership with United Airlines w united com These take between fifteen and sixteen hours Most other flights stop off in Europe the Middle East or Asia and involve a change of plane There are no direct flights from Canada you ll have to change planes in the US Europe or Asia on hauls that can last up to thirty hours On the direct flights from the US to Jo burg expect the high low season fare to start from 2600 1700 for a round trip you might save from 100 to as much as

    Original URL path: http://www.roughguides.com/destinations/africa/south-africa/getting-there/ (2016-02-16)
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