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  • The interior Guide | Malaysia Travel | Rough Guides
    View Guide The Rough Guide to Nepal View Guide The Rough Guide to Singapore View Guide Kyushu Rough Guides Snapshot Japan View Guide The Rough Guide to Seoul View Guide The Rough Guide to Myanmar View Guide The Rough Guide to Japan View Guide Peninsular Malaysia s interior comprises a vast swathe of territory stretching northeast of Kuala Lumpur all the way up to Kota Bharu on the east coast Until recent times this was a remote region of steep sandstone peaks with knife edge ridges and luxuriant valleys inhabited by Orang Asli groups Colonial administrator Hugh Clifford described the terrain in the 1880s as smothered in deep damp forest threaded across a network of streams and rivers Indeed rivers were the sole means of transportation until prospectors investors and planters opened the interior up through the twentieth century companies built the earliest roads and a railway arrived in the 1920s helping to establish the townships of Temerloh Gua Musang and Kuala Lipis Much of the interior has now been logged settled and tamed though Clifford s deep damp forests survive in the dense chunk of undeveloped jungle that is Taman Negara literally National Park Gazetted as Malaysia s first national park in 1925 and covering 4343 square kilometres Taman Negara forms by far the largest tract of rainforest in Peninsular Malaysia it contains some of the oldest rainforest in the world which has evolved over 130 million years as a home for a fabulous array of wildlife Some of the Peninsula s one thousand Batek Orang Asli live here too many as hunter gatherers the park authorities generally turn a blind eye to their hunting game Reached via the transport nexus of Jerantut Taman Negara s main entry point the riverside township Kuala Tahan is the trailhead for jungle

    Original URL path: http://www.roughguides.com/destinations/asia/malaysia/interior/ (2016-02-16)
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  • The east coast Guide | Malaysia Travel | Rough Guides
    out for its opportunities to access Malay crafts and performing arts The east coast displays a different cultural legacy to the more populous commercial western seaboard from which it is separated by the mountainous jungled interior For hundreds of years the Malay rulers of the northern states of Kelantan and Terengganu were vassals of the Thai kingdom of Ayuthaya suffering repeated invasions as well as the unruly squabbles of their own princes Nevertheless the Malays enjoyed a great deal of autonomy and both states remained free of British control until 1909 Only in 1931 did the rail line arrive in Kelantan previously the journey from KL involved thirteen river crossings In 1941 Kelantan saw the landing of the first Japanese troops facilitated by the Thai government who were rewarded by being given control over Kelantan once more from 1943 until 1945 While immigrants poured into the tin and rubber towns of the west during the twentieth century the east remained rural As a result Kelantan and Terengganu remain very much Malay heartland states There s a rustic feel to the area the economy being largely based on agriculture and fishing with the obvious exception of Terengganu s petroleum industry The country s religious opposition party PAS which was born in Kelantan in the middle of the last century has governed its home state since 1990 For foreign visitors the political backdrop distils down to the simple truth that the social climate of Kelantan and Terengganu is more obviously conservative alcohol is harder to obtain than in other states most restaurants whatever cuisine they serve are halal and dress for both men and women needs to be circumspect except at well touristed beaches You will also find that English is less understood in Kelantan and Terengganu than in most other parts

    Original URL path: http://www.roughguides.com/destinations/asia/malaysia/east-coast/ (2016-02-16)
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  • The south Guide | Malaysia Travel | Rough Guides
    to Nepal View Guide The Rough Guide to Laos View Guide The Rough Guide to Vietnam View Guide Hokkaido Rough Guides Snapshot Japan View Guide The Rough Guide to Cambodia View Guide The Rough Guide to Seoul View Guide The Rough Guide to Taiwan View Guide The south of the Malay Peninsula below Kuala Lumpur and Kuantan holds some of the country s most historically and culturally significant towns Foremost among these is the west coast city of Melaka founded in the fifteenth century and ushering in a Malay golden age under the Melaka Sultanate For all its enduring influence though the sultanate was short lived and its fall to the Portuguese early in the sixteenth century marked the start of centuries of colonial involvement in Malaysia Today Melaka fascinates visitors with its historical buildings and cultural blend including the Peranakan community also called Baba Nonya which grew from the intermarriage of early Chinese immigrant traders and Malay women Melaka is not however the only place in the region with historical resonance Between KL and Melaka what s now the state of Negeri Sembilan is where the intrepid Minangkabau tribes from Sumatra settled making their mark with architecture which can still be seen in Seremban and Sri Menanti Both lie just over an hour south of the capital by road Continuing down the west coast on the train line or the North South Expressway NSE travellers soon reach the tip of the Peninsula and the thriving border city of Johor Bahru JB which dates back only to 1855 Beyond it lies Singapore Visitors tend to avoid the mountainous interior where the road network is poor but Route 3 on the east coast is a good deal more varied than the NSE and winds for 300km through oil palm country and

    Original URL path: http://www.roughguides.com/destinations/asia/malaysia/south/ (2016-02-16)
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  • Sarawak Guide | Malaysia Travel | Rough Guides
    can undertake extended treks through jungled and mountainous terrain overnighting in Kelabit villages Other Twin Otter flights head to settlements in the upper reaches of the Baram river system from where it s possible to reach isolated Penan villages offering homestays and yet more treks Another major draw visitable on a day trip from Miri is Niah National Park its extensive caves a site of major archeological significance as well as a centre for the harvesting of swiflet nests and bat guano Visitors who overland between Kuching and Miri tend to breeze through central Sarawak but the region is worth considering for the state s most accessible river journey the popular route along the Batang Rejang The boat ride beginning at the city of Sibu is its own reward for making it up to nondescript Rejang towns such as Kapit and Belaga though it s possible to arrange longhouse trips from either Also noteworthy in this region is Bintulu a coastal oil town like Miri that s conveniently placed for the beachside forests of Similajau National Park Brief history Cave dwelling hunter gatherers were living in Sarawak forty thousand years ago Their isolation ended when the first trading boats arrived from Sumatra and Java around 3000 BC exchanging cloth and pottery for jungle produce By the thirteenth century Chinese merchants were dominant bartering beads and porcelain with the coastal Melanau people for bezoar stones from the gall bladders of monkeys and birds nests both considered aphrodisiacs In time the traders were forced to deal with the rising power of the Malay sultans including the Sultan of Brunei Meanwhile Sarawak was attracting interest from Europe the Dutch and English established short lived trading posts near Kuching in the seventeenth century to obtain pepper and other spices With the decline of the Brunei sultanate civil war erupted early in the eighteenth century Local rulers feuded while piracy threatened to destroy what was left of the trade in spices animals and minerals In addition the indigenous groups predilection for head hunting had led to a number of deaths among the traders and the sultan s officials and violent territorial confrontations between powerful tribes were increasing The White Rajahs Just when matters were at their most explosive the Englishman James Brooke took an interest in the area A former soldier he helped the Sultan of Brunei quell a rebellion by miners and as a reward demanded sovereignty over the area around Kuching The weakened sultan had little choice but to relinquish control of the awkward territory and in 1841 James Brooke was installed as the first White Rajah of Sarawak He had essentially created a new kingdom not formally part of the British Empire Brooke built a network of small forts many are now museums to repel pirates or tribal warring parties He also sent officials into the malarial swamps and mountainous interior to make contact with the Orang Ulu But his administration was not without its troubles In one incident his men killed

    Original URL path: http://www.roughguides.com/destinations/asia/malaysia/sarawak/ (2016-02-16)
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  • Sabah Guide | Malaysia Travel | Rough Guides
    visit the island of Pulau Tiga you may also need to transit through duty free Labuan on the way to Brunei North of KK lie the beaches and coconut groves of the Kudat Peninsula where it s possible to visit longhouses belonging to the Rungus tribe the northernmost point the Tip of Borneo features windy shorelines and splendid isolation Heading east from KK things get truly exciting Dominating the landscape are the huge granite shelves of the awesome Gunung Kinabalu a major attraction as getting up and down involves spending just one night on the mountain Further east is Sandakan a rapidly modernizing town with offshore attractions including the Turtle Islands National Park Back on the mainland at the nearby Sepilok Orang utan Rehabilitation Centre and Labuk Bay Proboscis Monkey Sanctuary you can get a ringside view of animals at feeding times Deeper into the oil palm plantations of east Sabah lies the protected Kinabatangan River where visitors can take boat trips to see wild proboscis monkeys elephants and orang utans Further south the Danum Valley Conservation Area offers a spectacular canopy walkway with the choice of staying at a luxury lodge or a humbler research centre Alternatively try the more affordable Tabin Wildlife Reserve with a mud volcano and an elephant colony In the deep south accessible via the boom town of Tawau nestles the untouched forest sector of the Maliau Basin now open for challenging trekking For divers the offshore islands near the southern town of Semporna are the jewel in Sabah s crown Sipadan offers world class diving off coral walls while its neighbour Mabul is known for its fabulous macro small scale marine life These two are simply the best known and the area can keep divers and snorkellers enchanted for days Brief history Little is known of Sabah s early history though archeological finds in limestone caves indicate that the northern tip of Borneo has been inhabited for well over ten thousand years Chinese merchants were trading with local settlements by 700 AD and by the fourteenth century the area was under the sway of the sultans of Brunei and Sulu Colonialism Europe s superpowers first arrived in 1521 when the ships of Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan stopped off at Brunei before sailing northwards Almost 250 years later in 1763 colonial settlement began when one Captain Cowley established a short lived trading post on Pulau Balambangan an island north of Kudat on behalf of the British East India Company Further colonial involvement came in 1846 when Pulau Labuan at the mouth of Brunei Bay was ceded to the British by the Sultan of Brunei By 1881 the British North Borneo Chartered Company had full sovereignty over northern Borneo First steps were then taken towards making the territory pay its way rubber tobacco and after 1885 timber were commercially harvested By 1905 a rail line linked the coastal town of Jesselton later Kota Kinabalu with the resource rich interior When the company introduced taxes the locals

    Original URL path: http://www.roughguides.com/destinations/asia/malaysia/sabah/ (2016-02-16)
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  • Map of Malaysia | Malaysia Regions | Rough Guides
    region of Chinese temples and longhouses where Indian festivals rub shoulders with traditional Malay arts Whether you fancy relaxing by tea plantations and jungle trails in the Cameron Highlands shopping in Kuala Lumpur or soaking up the history in Georgetown Penang use our map of Malaysia to start planning your trip This marvellously varied country offers plenty to explore Adventurers can spot exotic wildlife on river cruises through Sungai Kinabatangan trek through the rainforest of Taman Negara or even tackle Mount Kinabalu Foodies can tuck into spicy chilli crab at Singapore s hawker centres or snack on delicious street food amid the hustle and bustle of capital city Kuala Lumpur Meanwhile beach bums should head to the east coast islands for white sand beaches clear waters and superb snorkelling and diving Find out more about Malaysia Interactive Malaysia Map Regions of Malaysia Click the links below to find out about your chosen region 1 Kuala Lumpur and around 2 The west coast 3 The interior 4 The east coast 5 The south 6 Sarawak 7 Sabah Related Ebooks The Rough Guide to Southeast Asia On A Budget View Guide The Rough Guide to Malaysia Singapore Brunei View Guide Rough Guides

    Original URL path: http://www.roughguides.com/maps/asia/malaysia/ (2016-02-16)
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  • Places to Visit in Malaysia | Malaysia Travel | Rough Guides
    Snapshot Japan View Guide Hokkaido Rough Guides Snapshot Japan View Guide Central Honshu Rough Guides Snapshot Japan View Guide The Rough Guide to Korea View Guide Kyushu Rough Guides Snapshot Japan View Guide The Rough Guide to China View Guide The Rough Guide to the Philippines View Guide Populated by a blend of Malays Chinese Indians and indigenous groups Malaysia boasts a rich cultural heritage from a huge variety of annual festivals and wonderful cuisines to traditional architecture and rural crafts There s astonishing natural beauty to take in too including gorgeous beaches and some of the world s oldest tropical rainforest much of which is surprisingly accessible Malaysia s national parks are superb for trekking and wildlife watching and sometimes for cave exploration and river rafting As part of the Malay archipelago which stretches from Indonesia to the Philippines Malaysia became an important port of call on the trade route between India and China the two great markets of the early world and later became important entrepôts for the Portuguese Dutch and British empires Malaysia has only existed in its present form since 1963 when the federation of the eleven Peninsula states was joined by Singapore and the two Bornean territories of Sarawak and Sabah Singapore left the union to become an independent country in 1965 Today the dominant cultural force in the country is undoubtedly Islam adopted by the Malays in the fourteenth century But it s the religious plurality there are also sizeable Christian and Hindu minorities that is so attractive often providing surprising juxtapositions of mosques temples and churches Add the colour and verve of Chinese temples and street fairs Indian festival days and everyday life in Malay kampungs villages and the indigenous traditions of Borneo and it s easy to see why visitors are drawn

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  • Explore Destinations | Travel Guides | Rough Guides
    Lanka Taiwan Thailand Vietnam See all destinations Malaysia Overview Introduction Fact file Where to go When to go Getting there Getting around Accommodation Food and drink Health The media Festivals Sports and outdoor activities Culture and etiquette Shopping Travel essentials Inspiration Things not to Miss Itineraries Features Gallery Explore Kuala Lumpur and around The west coast The interior The east coast The south Sarawak Sabah Shop Ebooks Travel Insurance Hostels

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