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  • G
    treated by avoiding galactose in the diet Galactosemia is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait People with galactosemia are unable to metabolize the simple sugar galactose Galactose makes up half of the sugar called lactose that is found in milk If an infant with galactosemia is given milk galactose builds up in the infants system causing damage to the liver brain kidneys and eyes Individuals with galactosemis cannot tolerate any form of milk human or otherwise or any other galactose containing food Exposure to milk products will result in liver damage mental retardation cataract formation and kidney failure Gallbladder A pear shaped organ just below the liver that stores the bile secreted by the liver During a fatty meal the gallbladder contracts delivering the bile through the bile ducts into the intestines to help with digestion Gastritis Inflammation of the stomach Gastroenteritis Inflammation of the stomach and the intestines Can cause nausea and vomiting and or diarrhea Gastroenteritis has numerous causes including infectious organisms viruses bacteria etc food poisoning and stress Gastroenterologist A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the gastrointestinal tract including the esophagus stomach small intestine large intestine pancreas liver gallbladder and biliary system Gastroscope A flexible lighted instrument that is put through the mouth and down the esophagus to view the stomach Tissue from the stomach can also be removed through the gastroscope Gene The basic biological unit of heredity A segment of deoxyribonucleic acid DNA needed to contribute to a function Genome All of the genetic information the entire genetic complement all of the hereditary material possessed by an organism Glucose The simple sugar monosaccharide that serves as the chief source of energy in the body Glucose is the principal sugar the body makes The body makes glucose from proteins fats

    Original URL path: http://www.sanslactose.com/en/g/is/252 (2016-02-01)
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  • H
    body s tissues and returns carbon dioxide from the tissues to the lungs The iron contained in hemoglobin is responsible for the red color of blood Histamine Histamine is a substance in the body that s released during an allergic reaction It can cause allergy symptoms that affect the eyes nose throat skin digestive system and lungs Hormone A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates the activity of certain cells or organs Many hormones are secreted by specialized glands such as the thyroid gland Hormones are essential for every activity of daily living including the processes of digestion metabolism growth reproduction and mood control Many hormones such as the neurotransmitters are active in more than one physical process Hydrogen The most plentiful element in the universe and one present in all organic compounds Hydrogen is a gas with an atomic number of 1 and the symbol H Hyperglycemia Glucose a type of sugar is the body s main energy source Hormones such as insulin control the level of glucose in the blood It s unhealthy if a person s glucose levels get too high or too low Hyperglycemia occurs when the levels get too high This can happen to someone who has diabetes but doesn t know it yet It also can happen to someone whose diabetes is not under control Signs of hyperglycemia include increased urination peeing extreme thirst and unexplained weight loss Hypoglycemia Glucose a type of sugar is the body s main energy source Hormones such as insulin control the level of glucose in the blood It s unhealthy if a person s glucose levels get too high or too low Hypoglycemia occurs when the levels get too low This can happen to people who have diabetes It can occur if the person

    Original URL path: http://www.sanslactose.com/en/h/is/253 (2016-02-01)
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  • I
    a food Common offenders include milk products wheat and other grains that contain gluten and foods that tend to cause intestinal gas such as cabbage or beans Food intolerance is often mistaken for food allergy but does not involve a histamine response against the food Irritable bowel syndrome IBS Irritable bowel syndrome IBS is one of the most common ailments of the bowel intestines The term irritable bowel is not a particularly good one since it implies that the bowel is responding irritably to normal stimuli and this may or may not be the case The several names for IBS including spastic colon spastic colitis and mucous colitis attest to the difficulty of getting a descriptive handle on the ailment IBS is best described as a functional disease The concept of functional desease applies to the muscular organs of the gastrointestinal tract the esophagus stomach small intestine gallbladder and colon What is meant by the term functional is that either the muscles of the organs or the nerves that control the organs are not working normally and as a result the organs do not function normally The nerves that control the organs include not only the nerves that lie within

    Original URL path: http://www.sanslactose.com/en/i/is/254 (2016-02-01)
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  • J
    Miscellaneous Newsletter Video Supporting us J Subscribe today Subscribe to our electronic newsletter to be kept up to date about issues that are of direct interest to those affected by lactose intolerance For more information Supporting us no lactose com is an independent information website We need your donations to allow us to maintain these activities For more information We exist Thank you for your participation in our survey which

    Original URL path: http://www.sanslactose.com/en/j/is/255 (2016-02-01)
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  • K
    maintain water balance in the body by excreting urine The kidneys are part of the urinary tract The urine then passes through connecting tubes called ureters into the bladder The bladder stores the urine until it is released during urination Subscribe today Subscribe to our electronic newsletter to be kept up to date about issues that are of direct interest to those affected by lactose intolerance For more information Supporting

    Original URL path: http://www.sanslactose.com/en/k/is/256 (2016-02-01)
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  • L
    acidois occurs when cells make lactic acid from glucose faster than it can be metabolized The key signs of lactic acidosis include unusually deep and rapid breathing vomiting and abdominal pain Lactic acidosis is a feature of different disorders It is an important sign of diabetes that is out of control Lactobacillus acidophilus The bacteria found in milk and fermented milk products particularly yogurt with live cultures of L acidophilus L acidophilus assists with the digestive process within the intestinal tract It can be decimated by the use of antibiotics and many health professionals urge people to use probiotics to counter this unfortunate side effect of antibiotic use Lactose The sugar found in milk The body uses the enzyme lactase to break down lactose into galactose and glucose Large intestine Comes after the small intestine Large because it is wider than the small intestine Liver An organ in the upper abdomen that aids in digestion and removes waste products and worn out cells from the blood The liver is the largest solid organ in the body The liver has a multitude of important and complex functions Some of these functions are to Manufacture synthesize proteins including albumin to help maintain the volume of blood and blood clotting factors Synthesize store and process metabolize fats including fatty acids used for energy and cholesterol Metabolize and store carbohydrates which are used as the source for the sugar glucose in blood that red blood cells and the brain use Form and secrete bile that contains bile acids to aid in the intestinal absorption taking in of fats and the fat soluble vitamins A D E and K Eliminate by metabolizing and or secreting the potentially harmful biochemical products produced by the body such as bilirubin from the breakdown of old red blood cells

    Original URL path: http://www.sanslactose.com/en/l/is/257 (2016-02-01)
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  • M
    inside your nose But that s only part of the story You ll also find mucus in your mouth lungs stomach and intestines Wherever you find mucus it protects and lubricates mucous membranes in your body Mucus colitis A common gastrointestinal disorder involving an abnormal condition of gut contractions motility characterized by abdominal pain bloating mucous in stools and irregular bowel habits with alternating diarrhea and constipation symptoms that tend to be chronic and to wax and wane over the years Although the disorder can cause chronic recurrent discomfort it does not lead to any serious organ problems Making the diagnosis usually involves excluding other illnesses Alternative names include irritable bowel syndrome IBS nervous colon syndrome and spastic colitis Mutation A permanent change a structural alteration in the DNA or RNA In humans and many other organisms mutations occur in DNA However in retroviruses like HIV mutations occur in RNA which is the genetic material of retroviruses In most cases such changes are neutral and have no effect or they are deleterious and cause harm but occasionally a mutation can improve an organism s chance of surviving and of passing the beneficial change on to its descendants Mutations are the

    Original URL path: http://www.sanslactose.com/en/m/is/258 (2016-02-01)
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  • O
    lymphocytes it is the largest lymphatic organ in the body The spleen also filters the blood serves as a major reservoir for blood and destroys blood cells that are aged Subscribe today Subscribe to our electronic newsletter to be kept up to date about issues that are of direct interest to those affected by lactose intolerance For more information Supporting us no lactose com is an independent information website We

    Original URL path: http://www.sanslactose.com/en/o/is/260 (2016-02-01)
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